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Cherokee County, Kansas 


Representative Citizens 




"History is Philosophy teaching by Examples' 



George Richmond, Pres. ; C. R. Arnold, Sec'y and Treas. 

Chicago, Illinois 


3', . 

R L 


CHE aim of the publishers of this volume has been to secure for the historic 
portion thereof full and accurate information respecting all subjects therein 
treated, and to pres'ent the data thus gathered in a clear and impartial manner. 
If, as is their hope, they have succeeded in this endeavor, the credit is mainly due 
to the diligent and exhaustive research of the editor of the historical statement, 
Nathaniel Thompson Allison, of Columbus. In collecting and arranging the material 
which has entered into this history, it has been his aim to secure facts and to present 
them in an interesting form. His patient and conscientious labor in the compilation 
and presentation of the data is shown in the historical portion of this volume. The 
record gives an elaborate description of the land, the story of its settlement and a 
comprehensive account of the organization of the county and the leading events in 
the stages of its development to the present time as set forth in the table of contents. 
He regrets that certain subjects, through his inability to secure full and satisfactory 
data, have not been treated as fully as they perhaps deserve, but the topics and 
occurrences are included which are essential to the usefulness of the history. Although 
the purpose of the author was to limit the narrative to the close of 1903, he has 
deemed it proper to touch on some matters overlapping that period. For any possible 
inaccuracies that may be found in the work, the indulgence of our readers is asked. 
In the main the editor has found it a pleasant task to write this history, and 
this largely for the reason that so many persons have cheerfully aided him in word 
and in deed; and for the reason, too, that nothing has been done by anyone to 
hinder the progress of the work. The following persons will be always kindly remem- 
bered for the aid which they have extended and for favors which they have shown: 
Mrs. A. Willard and C. W. Daniels, of Baxter Springs; Charles Moll, Joseph Wallace, 
Dr. J. P. Scoles and C. W. Harvey, of Galena; Charles E. Topping, of Empire 
City; Henry Mitchell, of Varck; Dr. C. W. Hoag, of Weir City; J. N. McDonald, 
of Scammon; Mr. and Mrs. Leslie Patterson, of Mineral; Lawrence Conklin, of 
Pleasant View township; Jerry Luckey, of Stippville; Richard D. Ellis, of Shawnee 


township; and A. S. Dennison, W. H. Layne and Charles Stephens, of Columbus. 
The following newspapers in the county have extended Mr. Allison many favors, and 
their editors have shown him every courtesy and kindly consideration: The Journal 
and the Tribune, at Weir City; the News and the Republican, at Baxter Springs; 
the Republican and the Times, at Galena; the Journal and the Miner, at Scammon; 
the Modern Light, at Columbus, and the Times, at Mineral. 

The reviews of resolute and strenuous lives, which make up the biographical 
department of the volume, and whose authorship for the most part is entirely inde- 
pendent of that of the history, are admirably adapted to foster local ties, to inculcate 
patriotism and to emphasize the rewards of industry, dominated by intelligent pur- 
pose. They constitute a most appropriate medium of perpetuating personal annals 
and will be of incalculable value to the descendants of those therein commemorated. 
They bring into bold relief careers of enterprise and thrift and make manifest valid 
claims to honorable distinction. If "Biography is the only true History," it is 
obviously the duty of men of the present time to preserve in this enduring form the 
story of their lives in order that their posterity may dwell on the successful struggles 
thus recorded, and profit by their example. These sketches, replete with stirring 
incidents and intense experiences, will naturally prove to most of the readers of this 
book its most attractive feature. 

In the aggregate of personal memoirs, thus collated, will be found a vivid epit- 
ome of the growth of Cherokee County, which will fitly supplement the historic 
statement; for the development of the county is identified with that of the men and 
women to whom it is attributable. The publishers have endeavored in the prepara- 
tion of the work to pass over no feature of it slightingly, but to give heed to the 
minutest details, and thus to invest it with a substantial accuracy which no other 
treatment would afford. The result has amply justified the care thus exercised, for 
in our belief no more reliable production, under the circumstances, could be laid 
before its readers. 

We have given special prominence to the portraits of representative citizens, 

which appear throughout this volume, and believe they will prove a most interesting 

feature of the work. We have sought to illustrate the different spheres of industrial 

and professional achievement as conspicuously as possible. To those who have 

kindly interested themselves in the successful preparation of this work, and who have 

voluntarily contributed most useful information and data, we herewith tender our 

grateful acknowledgment. 

Chicago, III., October, 1904. 


All the biographical sketches published in this volume were submit- 
ted to their respective subjects or to the subscribers, from whom the facts 
were primarily obtained, for their approval or correction before going to 
press; and a reasonable time was allowed in each case for the return of the 
type-written copies. Most of them were returned to us within the time 
allotted, or before the work was printed, after being corrected or revised; 
and these may therefore be regarded as reasonably accurate. 

A few, however, were not returned to us; and, as we have no 
means of knowing whether they contain errors or not, we cannot vouch 
for their accuracy. In justice to our readers, and to render this work 
more valuable for reference purposes, we have indicated these uncorrected 
sketches by a small asterisk (*), placed immediately after the name of the 
subject. They will all be found on the last pages of the book. 


Table of Contents 

A Briif History of the State of Kansas 15 

Geographical, Topographical and Geological Features ok Cherokee County 21 


The Early Settling of Cherokee County 26 

The Passing of the Indian — Removal of the Cherokees from Georgia — The Cherokee Neutral Lands — 
The First White Settlements — The Cherokee Neutral Lands Sold to the Confederacy— The Joy Pur- 
chase and the Troubles that Followed — The Land League — Joy Sustained — The Townships, Cities and 
Towns of the County — The First Settlers — The Old Settlers' Annual Reunion. 

Some Early Documents, Letters and Other Things 44 


County Organization, Political History and Population Statistics 60 

The Organization of Cherokee County — The "County Seat War" — List of County Officers — The Po- 
litical Phases — Memorable Political Rallies — The Increase of Population, and Immigration from Other 


Educational, Religious and Fraternal 83 

The Public Schools — The Churches, Lodges and Benevolent Societies. 


The Physicians and the Bench and Bar of Cherokee County 90 

The Physicians of the County— The Courts — The Cherokee County Bar. 

The Newspapers of Cherokee County 100 



The Agricultural Interests 107 

Farm and Live-Stock Products — The Home Market — The Profits in Agricultural Operations — Improve- 
ment of the Roads — Berry and Fruit Growing— Rural Routes and Telephones. 


Thb Development op the Mineral Resources and the Water Power of the County 114 

The Coal Mines of the County— The First Coal Shaft— The Central Coal & Coke Company— Statis- 
tics of Coal Production — Gas and Oil — The Lead and Zinc Mines of the County — Big Real Estate 
Transactions — The Mining of Lead and Zinc — The Discovery of Lead and Zinc — Statistics of Lead 
and Zinc Production — The Operation of Mines — The Feature of Uncertainty Present — The Water 
Power of the County— The Spring River Power Company. 


The Railroads of Cherokee County .... 134 

Railroad Construction — Railroad Property Tax Valuations — Railroad Mileage in the County — The 
Latest Line to be Built — Bonds in Aid of Railroads — An Early Railroad Time Table — Travel in the 
Days of the Stage Coach. 


The History of Columbus 140 

The First Settlers — Organized as a City— The Schools— The Churches — The Water Supply — The 
Court House — A Bit of History — Improvement in Material Prosperity — Residences — Business Blocks — 
The Cherokee County High School— Columbus as a Place for Residence— Early Settlers Who Have 
Passed Away — The City's Business Interests Expanding — Population Figures — The Post Office. 


The History of Baxter Springs 151 

The Phases of the City's Past — The First Settlers — Incorporated as a City — The Baxter Springs Mas- 
sacre — Discovery of Lead and Zinc — Development of the Water Power on Spring River — Residences. 

The History of Galena and Empire City 159 

The History of Mineral City, Weir City and Scammon, and List of the Towns of the County.... 170 


The ex-Union Soldiers of Cherokee County 178 

List of the ex-Union Soldiers of the County — The ex-Union Soldiers' Inter-State Reunion. 

Miscellaneous Matters 199 




Abbott, Benjamin S 321 

Allen, Gilbert 373 

Allen, Joseph 480 

Allison, Nathaniel T 333 

Ankrum, Harrison 463 

Applegate, George F 404 

Armstrong, James H 576 

Ashley, Charles D 510 

Ashmore, Milton W 387 

Baker, C. C 463 

Baker, Edmund 397 

Baker, William 425 

Ball, Frank L 629 

Barrett, William H 347 

Batten, Joseph 630 

Baxter, J. H 239 

Beltzhoover, John P 362 

Benham, William M 605 

Bennett, Oscar H 271 

Benson, William M 273 

Betty, Charles H 296 

Blue, R. W 229 

Boggs, Henry B 518 

Boss, Jacob H 329 

Bowman, C. S 321 

Boyd, Andrew 403 

Boyer, William 422 

Bradshaw, Walter L 516 

Branson, William W 254 

Braun, George F 363 

Brewster, Lorenzo D 532 

Brookhart, Harry H 525 

Brooks", Floyd W 409 

Brooks, James H 394 


Brooks, William E 241 

Brown, W. H. D 462 

Brown, William D 343 

Buergin, Jacob 618 

Bulger, Mrs. Margaret T 469 

Burrows, John R 622 

Burrows, John Riley 499 

Burton, George 507 

Bush, W. F 594 

Buzard, Jesse 615 

Cadwalader, Reese 283 

Caldwell, L. Alexander 617 

Canfield, George W 322 

Carver, John T 523 

Callahan, Michael J 236 

Cheshire, Robert M 223 

Cheyne, M. C 485 

Clabourn, Grant 429 

Coe, Charles W 373 

Coles, A 457 

Coltrane, Isaiah M 400 

Conklin, Lawrence 290 

Cool, Commodore F 300 

Coon, H. S 389 

Cooper, John M 249 

Cooper, Joseph H 472 

Cooter, Elbert W 529 

Covert, Peter 384 

Cowley, W. R 311 

Crawford, Elisha C 609 

Crawford, Samuel J 213 

Cross, Thomas H 381 

Crowe, David 392 

Crowell, Howard R 218 


Cruickshank, George W 284 

Cunningham, Andrew J 378 

Cunningham, Samuel 613 

Davidson, Ellis 505 

Davis, Charles E 428 

Dean, Louis L 581 

Dennison, Abiel S 259 

DeVoe, Thomas E 476 

Dixon, Zimri 266 

Dodson, James N 309 

Dorsey, Thomas W 519 

Douglass, George W 498 

Dowd, Charles S. and Francis E..627 

Dresia, Peter 597 

Dugger, Benjamin T 338 

Dunbar, J. N 3U 

Duncan, Thomas R 280 

Ecke, O. C 232 

Edwards, Daniel 291 

Eisenhart, John 324 

Ellis, Elbert A 619 

Ellis, Richard D 548 

Ellis, Samuel J 599 

Elliott, Franklin 357 

Evans, William H 487 

Ewers, George 582 

Ferguson, William T 339 

Finley, Owen 588 

Fisher, George M 293 

Fitzgerald, John 390 

Fleming, Michael 512 

French, William M 491 




Fribley, James J 353 

Fudge, John T 317 

Galpine, Joseph H 275 

Gibbs, Charles A 337 

Glasse, W. B 471 

Graham, Peter 591 

Gray, John 347 

Haines, Edwin A 368 

Hale, Newton J 450 

Hamblin, Samuel 603 

Hamlet, Jotham L 623 

Hamilton, John H 232 

Hanks, Robert P 398 

Hannon, Henry 332 

Harper, Henry H 456 

Hasson, Samuel 483 

Haynes, Thomas 255 

Headley, John R 286 

Heaton, Ira 464 

Hefley, George W 427 

Henderson, H. B 251 

Herman, Andrew 412 

Hess, Claude A 338 

Hiller, Frederick 334 

Hisle, James R 562 

Hoag, Clark W 537 

Hoffmire, William 415 

Hogg, Benjamin F 243 

Hohnsbeen, Ernst C 330 

Holt, Ephraim E 531 

Holt, Joseph S 374 

Hood, Archibald 282 

Hood & Sons Implement Co., The 

A 264 

Hord, Charles M 344 

Hornor, William H 351 

Householder, M. A 233 

Howard, Samuel C 331 

Hubbard, John C 535 

Hubbard, Arthur L 431 

Hughes, Luke 285 

Hughes, Michael 292 

Hughes, Victor 387 

Hull, Emerson 593 

Hurlbut, Samuel L 447 

Jessup, Daniel A 502 

Johnessee, Silas 420 

Johnson, A. C 466 

Johnson, John 628 

Johnson, W. N 465 

Johnston, J. 438 

Jones, Charles M 451 

Jones', D. M 359 

Jones, Jacob K 272 

Junkens, John H 428 

Kanatzer, Mrs. Mary J 509 

Kennedy, William 468 

Kenny, Dennis 547 

Kline, John 474 

Kline, S. Peter 625 

Knighton, George J 333 

Kutz, Thomas 487 

Laizure, J. T 504 

Lamaster, James W 308 

Lamaster, William A 312 

LaRue, H. A 300 

LaRue, T. P 304 

Lathrop, Hamilton B 341 

Lisle, Slem 256 

Logan, J. Wilbur 314 

Long, Robert A 320 

Luckey, Jeremiah 279 

Lundin, John 469 

Lyerla, Aaron 294 

McClellan, George B 252 

McCombs, John T. and Robert... 550 

McCormick, John S 536 

McDonald, James N 604 

McDowell, Samuel 440 

McGregor, Frank R 445 

McLaughlin, John 246 

McMahon, Michael 574 

McMickle, Clinton 225 

McNay, John M 543 

McNeill, C. A 367 

Majors, A. L 352 

Markham, Hon. Robert M 593 

Meredith, Jonathan B 411 

Merrill, Mose? F 553 

Metzler, Philip C 354 

Middaugh, Charlton E 473 

Millner, Francis E 488 

Millstead, William H 235 

Moll, Charles L 455 

Moore, James H 503 


Moore, William R 481 

Morrow, James 497 

Morrow, Thoma? J 379 

Mount joy, Robert F 404 

Murphy, Benjamin L 620 

Myers, John L 220 

Nash, William R 616 

Newton, Mrs. Mary A 446 

Newton, Solomon D 612 

Noble, Edwin St. G 348 

North, William 508 

Northrup, Fred D 285 

Norton, W. S 302 

Oglesby, John C 575 

O'Malley, James 437 

O'Reagan, Patrick 377 

Page, John 439 

Pargen, Francis 340 

Patterson, Leslie 567 

Pattyson, Elmore R 3 T 8 

Paul, Silas L 626 

Pender, William C 417 

Pendergrass, James P 452 

Perkins, L. Murray 559 

Perkins, William 410 

Peters, James R 520 

Pickering, Abijah 501 

Pinson, J. F 361 

Pixley, Waldo B 475 

Polster, J. G 372 

Porter, James 554 

Puttkamer, John B 493 

Rains, Hiram F 611 

Randall, Curtis 606 

Rawlings, John A 610 

Revell, Arthur T 402 

Rhoads, Oscar A 421 

Richart, Willard M 364 

Rickner, Chris 570 

Riker, J. F 328 

Rittenhouse, O. F 614 

Roach, Charles N 430 

Robinson, George 489 

Robinson, James M 604 

Rogers, Job A 449 

Rohrbough, John W 39* 




Ryan, Solomon 458 

Sadler, Henry R 290 

Sapp, Edward E 461 

Savage, Harrison R 407 

Sawyer, Charles L 382 

Sayer, P. R 304 

Scammon, E. A 217 

Schermerhorn, E. B 289 

Schmell, Louis 592 

Seibert, DeWitt C 298 

Shaffer, William H 276 

Shearer, Andrew 307 

Shideler, Henry 492 

Simkin, Frederick W 350 

Skidmore, Andrew H 216 

Skinner, O. E 527 

Skinner, Thurston J 490 

Slease, L. J 301 

Small, James T 443 

Smith, Marcus L 433 

Smith, S. E 505 

Smith, Samuel H 585 

Smith, Hon. Samuel W 573 

Smith, Hon. William 570 

Smith, William E 406 

Smyres, H. F 517 

Snider, John W 484 

Souder, George F 244 


Sparks, Oliver W 418 

Sparlin, Christopher C 569 

Spencer, Elijah W 401 

Spencer, John W 219 

Spiva, Will E 542 

Stauffer, Hon. John 586 

Stephens, Charles 405 

Steward, Milton R 327 

Stice, W. E 369 

Stone, John W 598 

Stott, Capt. Richard H 579 

Stoskopf, George 448 

Strother, J. R 525 

Sweeney, Charles M 568 

Taylor, Richard W 482 

Taylor, William 379 

Thomas', Orlando T 555 

Topping, Wallace E 265 

Tracewell, E. M 327 

Trotter, W. H 556 

Vollmar, Rev. Henry R 269 

Von Wedell, Walther 549 

Wade, Alexander 492 

Wagner, John W 399 

Walker, Alexander 621 


Walker, Arcenith F 319 

Walker, George W 215 

Walker, Stephen L 298 

Walker, William W 484 

Wallace, Joseph 479 

Ward, Woodford A 454 

Watson, David J 398 

Watts, Andrew D 541 

Weaver, Thomas C 253 

Wenzel, Albert E 587 

West, Elijah T 390 

Westervelt, Lewis R 515 

Wheeler, Willis H 226 

Whitmore, William W 497 

Wiggins, Basil 526 

Willard, Albert 368 

Williams, Al. F 295 

Williams, DeWitt C 435 

Williams, Lane 383 

Williams, Washington 486 

Wilson, George H 467 

Wimmer, Harvy 426 

Winter, Daniel 263 

Wiswell, John 231 

Wolfe, Jes. F 528 

Woods, George W 361 

Wright, Jonathan R 529 

Youngman, E. W 626 



Allison, Nathaniel Thompson ... 14 
Ashmore, Milton W 386 

Baker, Edmund 396 

Baker, Mrs. Eliza 424 

Baker, William 424 

Baptist Church, Galena no 

Baptist Church, Old, Columbus... 32 

Baxter, J. H., M. D 238 

Blue, Col. R. W 228 

Braun, George F., Residence of. .166 

Carver, John T. and family 522 

Cherokee County High School... 96 

Cherokee County Jail 66 

Cheshire, Hon. Robert M 222 

Cheshire, Hon. R. M., Residence. 144 

Christian Church, Galena 1 10 

Coke Works at Cokedale 120 

Cooper, Hon. John M 248 

Court House, Columbus 96 

Court House, Galena 130 

Crawford, Elisha C 608 

Crawford, Hon. Samuel J 212 

Dennison, Abiel S 258 

Dresia, Mr. and Mrs. Peter 596 

East Galena School no 

East Side School, Columbus 66 

Elliott, Franklin 356 


Fudge, John T 316 

Gibbs, Charles A 336 

Graham, Peter 590 

Gray, Mr. and Mrs. John 346 

Hamblin, Mrs. Lucy A 602 

Hamblin, Samuel 602 

Hoffmire, William 414 

Hood, Mrs. A., Residence of 144 

Hubbard, John C 534 

Kenny, Dennis 546 

Lead and Zinc Mining Shafts and 
Crushers, Galena 120 

Log Cabin Pioneer Home in 
Galena 1 10 

Luckey, Jeremiah 278 

McNeill, C. A 366 

McNeill, C. A., Residence of 144 

Merrill, Mrs. Mary S 552 

Merrill, Moses F 552 

Methodist Episcopal Church, Co- 
lumbus 66 

Moore, J. C, Residence of 166 

Morrow, Mr. and Mrs. James... 496 
Murdock Block, Galena 130 

Norton, W. S., Residence of 144 

O'Reagan, Patrick 376 


Patterson, Leslie 564 

Patterson, Mrs. Olive C 566 

Pattyson, E. R., Residence of .... 144 

Perkins, L. Murray 558 

Presbyterian Church, Columbus.. 66 

Richards, Val., Residence of ....166 
Robertson, Riley F., Residence of. 166 

Sapp, Hon. Edward E 460 

Schermerhorn, Hon. E. B 288 

Shearer, Andrew 306 

Small, James T 442 

Smith, Samuel H 584 

Smith, Hon. Samuel W 572 

South Galena School no 

Stice, Mrs. W. E., Residence of.. 166 
Stott, Capt. Richard H 578 

Tracewell, E. M 326 

Typical Miner's Home in Galena 
25 Years Ago 32 

Vollmar, Rev. Henry R 268 

Wallace, Joseph 478 

Watts, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew D. .540 
Wright Block, Isaac, Columbus.. 66 
Westervelt, Mr. and Mrs. Lewis 

R 514 

West Side School, Columbus ... 66 

H I 


>:V. . 

fiistory of Cherokee Coumy 



As early as 1541 a company of Spanish 
soldiers under the command of Francisco de 
Coronado, and directed by Indian guides, 
made their way from the lower valley of the 
Pecos River to a point on the Missouri River 
where the city of Atchison, Kansas, now 
stands. The expedition was made in search of 
gold ; but on reaching the Missouri River, then 
known as the Teucarea, the company, footsore 
and discouraged on account of their long, 
fruitless march over the dreary, sandy desert, 
besought their commander to lead them back 
to Mexico, whence they had formerly come. 
After killing the Indian guides, who had led 
the Spaniards over the trackless wastes, to get 
them away from the Pecos Valley, and to wear 
them out in hunger and thirst, the little com- 
pany retraced its course toward the South, but 
not until Coronado had given the name Cannes 
to that part of the country which lies between 

the Arkansas and the Missouri rivers. This 
was 363 years ago. The country was named 
after the dominant tribe of Indians then inhab- 
iting it, and through a series of modifications 
it was later known as Kansas. 

In 1762 France, having discovered and 
claimed what was later known as Louisiana, 
ceded it to Spain; but on March 21, 1801, it 
was ceded back to France. On April 30, 1803, 
the United States purchased it from France, in 
consideration of the payment of $15,000,000. 
It included practically all the country drained 
by the Mississippi River ; but it did not include 
that part of the present State of Kansas which 
lies west of the 100th degree of west longi- 
tude and south of the Arkansas River. This 
was acquired by the United States from the 
republic of Texas in the year 1850. 

At the time of the Louisiana purchase, in 
1803, Kansas was almost entirely unknown, 



except among the Indian tribes which wan- 
dered over what was vaguely known as "The 
Great American Desert," lying between the 
Missouri River and the Rocky Mountains. In 
1806 the United States fitted out an expedition 
at St. Louis, and the next year General Pike 
took command and led it westwardly through 
Missouri and Southern Kansas. Besides the 
soldiers of the command, there was a company 
of geographers. Three years were taken up in 
the exploration; but even then no well formed 
idea was obtained of the true character of 
the country, in respect to its mineral resources 
and the adaptability of its soils for agricultural 
purposes. In 1810 General Pike, who had ex- 
plored as far west as the Great Divide, and as 
far south as the Rio Grande, reported to the 
Secretary of War, and, among other things, 
he said: "These vast plains of the Western 
Hemisphere may, in time become equally 
celebrated with the sandy deserts of Africa; 
for in various places on my route I saw tracts 
of many leagues where the wind had thrown 
up the sands in all the fanciful forms of the 
ocean's rolling waves, and on them not a speck 
of vegetation existed. * * * Our citizens, 
so prone to wandering and extending them- 
selves on the frontier, will, through necessity, 
be constrained to limit their extent, in the 
West, to the borders of the Mississippi and 
Missouri rivers, while they leave the prairies, 
incapable of cultivation, to the wandering and 
uncivilized aborigines of the country. It ap- 
pears to me to be possible to introduce only a 
limited population, and that even this must be 
confined to the banks of the Kaw, the Platte 
and the Arkansas rivers." That was 94 years 
ago. What a change has been wrought in the 
intervening time! How "westward the course 

of empire" has taken its way! What would 
General Pike say now, if he could see "The 
Great American Desert?" 

In 1819-20 Major Long was sent West on 
an exploring expedition ; and his report to the 
Secretary of War, like that of General Pike, 
did not seem designed to "induce immigration" 
into these parts. Speaking of the region now 
comprised within the boundaries of Nebraska 
and Kansas, he said : "It is a region destined, 
by the barrenness of its soil and its inhospitable 
climate, as well as by other physical disad- 
vantages, to be the abode of perpetual desola- 
tion." And the Secretary of War at that time, 
gloomily commenting on the report of Major 
Long, said : "From the minute account given 
in the narrative of the expedition, of the par- 
ticular features of this region, it will be per- 
ceived to bear a manifest resemblance to the 
desert of Sahara." 

From the time of which I have last writ- 
ten, up to about the year 1840, very little 
progress was made toward bringing this region 
within the zone of civilization, it being believed 
to be destined always as the home of savage 
Indians and the wild animals which roamed 
its valleys, hills and grassless plains. Here the 
ground owl, the rattlesnake, the prairie dog, 
the coyote, the deer, the elk and the buffalo had 
their haunts, and it was believed that they 
would always remain, disturbed only now and 
then by the wandering tribes of Indians, whose 
fixed habits shut out every thought of perma- 
nency of habitation. Shortly after this, the 
Mexican War agitation became so intense as 
to break out in hostility, and when the war was 
over, in 1848, bringing to the possession of the 
United States that territory then including 
California, the newly discovered gold fields of 



the Western slope aroused the people of the 
Middle and Eastern States, and vast numbers of 
them went thither by whatever way offered the 
easiest ingress. Beginning about the year 
1849, almost innumerable caravans were fitted 
out at different points on the Missouri River, 
to take their course "across the plains," as it 
was spoken of in those day. This was prac- 
tically the beginning of the settlement of Kan- 
sas ; for some of those who had intended to go 
on to California, when they saw the goodly land 
in Eastern Kansas, turned aside in their pur- 
poses and settled among the Indians along the 
larger streams, where wood and water could 
be found. These were joined later by others 
from the East, and thus the settlements were 
enlarged little by little, as time went on. 

The political history of Kansas dates back 
to 1850, when the subject of slavery took on 
the intense form of agitation which led to its 
overthrow. It was in this year that the Mis- 
souri Compromise was really abrogated. From 
that time on it became constantly more appar- 
ent that the question could never be settled 
satisfactorily through legislation ; and the ad- 
mission of Kansas into the Union, as a pro- 
slavery State, or as an anti-slavery State, was 
looked to as the test of the power and manage- 
ment of the two sectional factions. The New 
England States had experimented with slav- 
ery, and, not finding it profitable, they had be- 
come profoundly convinced that the institution 
was morally wrong; the South had tried it, 
and, finding it profitable, found no difficulty at 
all in showing that it was of divine origin, and 
therefore, scripturally right. Senator J. J. 
Ingalls, the most scholarly man that ever rep- 
resented Kansas in the United States Senate, 
and himself a native of Massachusetts, said 
that the people of the New England States 

never became conscientious on the subject of 
slavery until it ceased to be profitable in that 
section of the country. The North was envious 
of the South's prosperity; but their envy was 
equaled if not surpassed by the intense preju- 
dice fostered and nourished in the hearts of 
the Southern people. Persons who recall those 
days can never forget the rise and progress of 
the "irrespressible conflict;" and those con- 
versant with public affairs at that time, and who 
kept up with the current events, easily recall 
the efforts of the great American statesmen to 
arrive at an amicable settlement of the sectional 
dispute which had agitated the people since the 
year 1820, and which was now fast becoming 
the chief alarm of the nation. Kansas was the 
focus upon which the mind of the people, 
North and South, was so intensely centered; 
but four years afterward, May 30, 1854, when 
Franklin Pierce, president of the United 
States, signed the act, entitled, "An Act to 
Organize the Territories of Nebraska and 
Kansas," debate of the great question ceased 
to be fruitful of any effect toward a reconcila- 
tion. Then began a series of "troublous 
times," which did not end until the issues of 
the War of the Rebellion were settled at Ap- 
pomattox, April 9, 1865. 

The first Territorial Governor of Kansas 
was Andrew H. Reeder, of Easton, Pennsyl- 
vania, appointed by President Pierce, June 29, 
1854. He arrived at Leavensworth, Kansas, on 
the steamer "Polar Star," October 7, 1854, 
and immediately took up the duties of the 
office, having been sworn in as Governor by 
Justice Daniel, of the Supreme Court of the 
United States, at Washington, D. C, July 7th 
of that year. He was an ardent Democrat, 
and he was in sympathy with the pro-slavery 
efforts then being strongly made ; but before he 



finished his course on Kansas soil he as stren- 
uously and as ably supported the plans and 
operations for making it a free State. Not at 
all times being in full accord with the Legis- 
lature, which was pronounced in its pro- 
slavery sentiments, and being often misrepre- 
sented to President Pierce by wily politicians, 
his lot was such as brought him "nothing but 
worry and constant antagonism. As Governor 
he was removed by the President, July 28, 
1855. He was officially notified on the 31st of 
July and on August 1 5th he notified the Legis- 
lature of the fact. He was succeeded by Wil- 
son Shannon, who was commissioned Governor 
of the Territory of Kansas, August 10, 1855, 
and he arrived at Shawnee Mission, then the 
capital, September 3d. He had been four years 
the Governor of Ohio; was Minister to Mexico 
under Tyler's administration, and was a mem- 
ber of Congress from Ohio in 1852-54. He 
resigned the governorship of the Territory, 
August 21, 1856, and on that day he received 
official notice that he had been removed, and 
that John W. Geary had been appointed his 
successor. Geary resigned March 4, 1857; 
and on March 10th President Buchanan ap- 
pointed Robert J. Walker, of Pennsylvania. He 
was a son of Judge Walker, of the United 
States Supreme Court. He had been a United 
States Senator from Mississippi and was 
Secretary of the Treasury during Polk's ad- 
ministration. Governor Walker arrived at 
Leavenworth May 25, 1857, and left the fol- 
lowing day for Lecompton, then the capital. 
His was a short, stormy term ; for on Decem- 
ber 7th, of the same year, he handed in his 
resignation, being led to do so on account of 
the disturbed condition of public affairs in the 
Territory, in the midst of which there was no 
prospect of peace or final settlement. John W. 

Denver, who had been acting Governor from 
the time of the resignation of Governor 
Walker, received his appointment as Governor 
March 15, 1858. He resigned October 10th, 
of the same year, and on November 19th Sam- 
uel Medary was appointed. He continued in 
office until December 17, i860, when he re- 
signed, and was succeeded by George M. 
Beebe, who was sworn in as acting Governor, 
and who continued in office until the inaugu- 
ration of the State government, February 9, 
1 861. The frequent and often dramatically 
sudden changes in the governorship of the 
Territory may be taken as indicating the turbu- 
lent condition of public affairs, a condition 
which, as if descending by heredity, is yet 
shown in the easily disturbed political relations 
of the people. It is probable that no other State 
in the Union has such a heritage. 

Kansas was admitted into the Union Janu- 
ary 29, 1 861, and it may be said of the people 
who had become permanent residents upon its 
soil, that they were in a proper frame of mind 
to join hands with the other free-soil States in 
the great war which was just then about to 
break upon the country. Forensic debate and 
all other efforts amicably to adjust and settle 
the bitter, sectional prejudices of the people 
had fallen short of the desired aim. A ma- 
jority of the people of the United States had 
become set against slavery; the institution was 
destined to pass away; but the methods and 
measures for setting it aside involved questions 
which could not be settled other than by the 
arbitrament of arms. 

Following the close of the war, there was 
a tremendous immigration into Kansas from 
the Middle States, attracted hither through the 
well advertised opportunities which it offered 
for securing rural homes, as well as for build- 



ing cities, constructing railroads and for the 
varied pursuits which follow such achieve- 
ments. No other section of the entire country 
was ever even half so well advertised as Kansas 
has been, much of such advertising being true, 
much of it false. Senator Ingalls once said 
that Kansas is a land of the sharpest contradic- 
tions and antagonisms ever known in human 
experience; the hottest, the coldest; the wet- 
test, the driest; the most fruitful, the most 
barren ; the most to be desired and the least to 
be sought. Here the best and purest aspira- 
tions have been fostered and sustained ; here 
homes have been built and fortunes made, and 
here, too, lie the buried hopes of many whose 
expectations were turned into disappointment, 
whose toil and labor were in vain and whose 
morning cheer and gladness were overshad- 
owed and suppressed through the gloom which 
came on before the middle of the day. 

Politically, Kansas is the enigma of the 
age; and in this respect it may be likened unto 
those volcanic districts of the earth which are 
subject to frequent and disastrous upheavals, 
and where none but such as are inured to the 
dread which constant danger inspires will dare 
to live. Hither many political adventurers 
came in the early days, probably expecting to 
gather large returns from the new field. Some 
of them, after a short and stormy sojourn, re- 
turned whence they came, and the bones of 
many others, whose daring and hardihood were 
equaled only by the cunning and craftiness 
which they employed, lie bleaching in the soil 
of the land which they essayed to rule. In a 
partisan way the State has always been, nor- 
mally, Republican ; but at times the party has 
been cut from its moorings and cast adrift upon 
a rough, tempestuous sea, a condition due 

largely to the grasping greed of political lead- 
ers and to the official corruption of those placed 
in charge of public affairs. But the people are 
growing in conservatism, and when the old- 
guard politicians pass away, and some of the 
younger ones shall be required to know more 
of statecraft and economics, there will be a 
settling into safer channels and the care of 
public interests will be in better hands. 

Of those now living in the State of Kansas, 
it may be truthfully said that they are "a pecu- 
liar people." They will endure more hardships, 
suffer more wrongs, surmount greater difficul- 
ties and undergo more privations than any 
other people in this broad land. Chinch-bugs, 
grasshoppers, hot winds, drouths and floods 
have been enough to depopulate the State, if 
inhabited by a less hardy people. To these, 
sufficient of themselves to deter next to the 
most determined, the burden of taxes, borne 
for the purpose of paying off public bonds, and 
private mortgages of all kinds, once supposed 
to concern every man, came as supplementary 
hardships and vexations ; but the people have 
lived through all of these, and they are today 
comparatively prosperous. The pests come less 
frequently, drouths are not so severe, bonds are 
being paid and the voice of the sheriff is rarely 
heard in the land ; the passing of these being 
due almost entirely to the indomitable courage 
and perseverance of the hardy sons of toil who 
have borne the burden and heat of the day and 
are now enjoying the fruits of their labor. 
These things have not been done through stu- 
pidity nor through the direction of blind judg- 
ment; they have been achieved through intel- 
ligence and good understanding; for in practi- 
cal knowledge and in ability to get the best re- 
sults in what they undertake, the people hold 



the highest place. Proportionately to the num- 
ber of inhabitants, it is said, without contradic- 
tion, that Kansas takes and reads more news- 
papers than any other State ; that it has more 
pupils in the common schools and more stu- 
dents in its higher institutions, and that fewer 
of its people are idle and non-helpful in the 

ordinary pursuits of life. There is a common 
level upon which the people move, and there is 
a free fellowship which has come down fn un 
the earlier days, bringing with it the easy man- 
ners which are characteristic of communities 
unaffected by castes and sharp social distinc- 





Cherokee County is a part of what was 
formerly known as McGee County. This 
county, named in honor of A. M. McGee, of 
Kansas City, Missouri, a man of strong pro- 
slavery sentiments, who figured actively in the 
events which made up the early history of the 
State, was bounded as follows : Beginning at 
the southeast corner of Bourbon County ; 
thence south, to the southern boundary of this 
Territory; thence west, twenty- four miles; 
thence north, to a point due west of the place 
of beginning; thence east, twenty- four miles, 
to the place of beginning." 

When the anti-slavery sentiment became 
strong and forceful in Kansas, and the man- 
agement of the Territory passed under the con- 
trol of those who favored making it a free 
State, the name McGee was dropped by the 
Legislature, and a part of its territory given 
the name "Cherokee," in honor of the Cherokee 
Indians. This was done on the 18th day of 
February, i860, a little less than a year before 
Kansas Territory was admitted into the Union. 
The boundary of the county being so vaguely 
described as not to be readily understood, the 
Legislature, February 13, 1867, gave it the 
following location : "Commencing at the 

southeast corner of Crawford County ; thence 
south on the east line of the State of Kansas, to 
the southeast corner of the State; thence west 
along the southern boundary of the State, to 
the southeast corner of Neosho County, as de- 
fined by the act of February 26, 1866; thence 
north to the southwest corner of the county of 
Crawford ; thence east to the place of begin- 
ning." This remained the boundary of the 
county until October 31, 1868, when an act, 
approved March 3, 1868, went into effect. This 
act gave Cherokee County the following boun- 
dary : "Commencing at the southeast corner 
of the county of Crawford ; thence west with 
the south line of said county of Crawford to 
the southwest corner of section 14, township 
31 south, range 21 east of the Sixth Principal 
Meridian; thence south on said section line 
to the Neosho River; thence with the channel 
of said riyer to the south boundary line of the 
State of Kansas; thence east on said line to 
the southeast corner of the State ; thence north 
on the east line of the State of Kansas to the 
place of beginning." From the maps recently 
published, it seems that at some time since 
the fixing of the last described boundary a 
change has been made, by which the west line 
of the county was moved one-half mile east; 
and so it stands, to this day; and it will thus 



be seen that Cherokee County lies in the ex- 
treme southeast corner of the State, having 
the State of Missouri on the east, and the In- 
dian Territory on the south. 


For the most part, the surface of the county 
is gently undulating; but in the southeast it is 
hilly, and in some places very rough and stony. 
An elevated table-land lies north and south 
through the center of the county, from which 
the water runs generally southeasterly and 
southwesterly, the latter flowing into the Neo- 
sho River on the west, the former into Spring 
River on the east. There are no very high 
points, save that in the southern part of the 
county, about five miles west of Baxter 
Springs, there is a mound which may be seen 
many miles in all directions, and a kind of 
promontory a few miles north of Neutral, both 
of which may be regarded as bubbles of the 
Ozark Mountains. The altitude of Columbus, 
considered the highest point in the county, was 
established by Charles Nevins, the surveyor for 
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway, at the 
time the line was extended from Parsons, Kan- 
sas, to Joplin, Missouri, in 1900. The point 
was indicated on the third step of the First 
National Bank, and as determined by the meas- 
urements it is 1025.68 feet. 

Besides Spring River, on the east, and the 
Neosho River, on the west, there are numerous 
smaller streams, all of which afford easy drain- 
age, except that in the southwest corner of 
the county there is a low basin which is dotted 
here and there with lakes and natural ponds, in 
which water stands from year to year. Cherry 
Creek, Lightning Creek and Fly Creek are the 
principal streams flowing into the Neosho 

River on the west, while Cow Creek, Shawnee 
Creek and Brush Creek flow into Spring River 
on the east. In the central and eastern parts 
of the county there are some fine springs of 
soft water. Before leaving this part of the 
subject it is proper to speak of the adaptability 
of the soils of the county to field and garden 
tillage and to the growing of small fruits of 
all kinds, including ever)* variety of berries. 
The soils are of various depths, varying also in 
colors, from the lighter soils of the higher 
ridges to the dark, sandy loams of the lower 
lands and the river bottoms. In the eastern 
part of the county the soil partakes of the 
nature of the red-clay soils of Southwestern 
Missouri, and these are better adapted to the 
growing of apples, pears and peaches than the 
lighter soils of the prairie districts of the 
county. Like almost every other county, in 
whatever State it may be situate, Cherokee 
County has some sections much richer in soils 
than others ; but it is singularly true that there 
is not a district in the county, however thin and 
apparently non-productive the soil, but what 
it is quickly and easily affected even at the 
slightest efforts to increase the soil's strength 
and fertility. 

Forty years ago, when there was scarcely 
any land in the county that had been touched 
with the plow, and when there were no roads 
established by any public act, the meager wood- 
land was found only along Spring River and 
its larger tributaries., and probably a mere 
fringe along the Neosho River and the larger 
streams which flow into it. The county was 
almost a solid sward of prairie grass ; and from 
the higher points, which afforded views of the 
land as it lay in the repose which Nature had 
given it through the centuries, many of the 
most pleasing landscapes could be seen. To 



those who came first, with implements of til- 
lage for bringing the virgin soil into sub- 
serviency to the purposes of civilization, it was 
"a goodly land," fair to look upon and full of 
promise, and to those who stayed and endured 
the hardships incident to pioneer life, sowing 
and reaping as the years went on, it yielded its 
fruits in season, and with these the quiet satis- 
faction which comes with faithful husbandry. 


Going beneath the surface of the land, we 
come to consider it in the light of geology ; and 
here, going through the storehouse of Nature, 
we come to examine the wise, beneficent provis- 
ions which have been made, and which through 
countless ages have awaited the coming of man. 
Speaking of the general formation of the whole 
State of Kansas, Professor Mudge says : "The 
uplifting of this State and the adjoining coun- 
try, from the level of the ocean, must have been 
slow, uniform and in a perpendicular direc- 
tion, which has left all the strata in nearly a 
horizontal position. This may have been as 
slow as that now going on in Florida, or a rise 
of five feet in a century. From our knowledge 
of the geology of the West, this undoubtedly 
took place after the rise of the Rocky Moun- 
tains, and probably did not come to a close 
until the drift period." The rock formations 
of Cherokee County plainly show that the 
land, some time in the remote past, lay upon 
the seashore, and that, at a still more remote 
period, it was probably submerged. Crusta- 
ceous formations, abundant in many places, 
give unmistakable evidence of the fact. In 
times long gone by there was an oyster bed 
about two miles southeast of the point where 
Columbus now stands, as shown in the rocks 

in that locality, and besides this, there were 
numerous Crustacea, whose petrified fossils are 
plainly to be seen. Later on, but probably not 
until after the lapse of many ages, came the 
carboniferous period, when the land was lifted 
gradually from the water and was covered as 
gradually by vegetation, through which a soil 
was built up, in preparation for the great for- 
ests still to follow : and thus age after age went 
by, the processes of nature going on, step by 
step, making ready for the coming of man. 
The conditions of temperature, with the in- 
creased fertility of the soil and the humidity of 
the atmosphere, brought on the great vegetable 
growths, which, afterwards swept down by de- 
vastating tempests and covered by soil drifts 
from the higher lands, now form the coal beds 
which yield so much comfort to the people now 
permitted to open them up for use. 

In a work published by A. T. Andreas, in 
1883, speaking of the coal deposits of the State 
of Kansas, the writer says : "This area covers 
about 9,000 square miles in the southeastern 
part of the State, embracing the counties of 
Cherokee, Labette, Montgomery, Chautauqua, 
Elk, Wilson, Neosho, Crawford, Bourbon, Al- 
len, Woodson, Coffey, Anderson, Linn, Osage, 
and parts of Miami, along the northern line of 
damarkation. All these counties are in some 
degree supplied with coal. Whether the whole 
area is underlaid with coal or not can not be 
definitely ascertained till a thorough geological 
survey has been made. The general structure of 
the rock is that of the productive coal measures 
elsewhere found, and the experimental borings 
have been sufficiently numerous, and attended 
with such favorable results as to warrant the 
belief that the deposits exist in paying quanti- 
ties in most parts of the area above described." 

The coal district of Cherokee County lies 


almost in the north central part, believed to be 
about 13 miles wide at the north line of the 
county, and extending south through Chero- 
kee, Mineral and Ross townships, into the north 
sections of Crawford and Salamanca town- 
ships, while on the west side, tending slightly 
toward the southwest, it reaches over into 
Sheridan and Lola townships. The whole area 
possibly includes about 130 square miles. The 
strata vary in thickness from one foot to four 
feet. The upper stratum crops out at the 
eastern edge of the district and dips toward the 
northwest, as also do the deeper and thicker 
strata. The quality of the coal is excellent for 
all purposes, and to those owning the land and 
those operating the mines the district is a source 
of immense wealth. The whole area is a network 
of railroad tracks, and the operations going 
on present a scene of the intensest industrial 
activity. It is believed by some who have given 
the matter mature thought, that a much larger 
area of the county will be found underlaid with 
coal, when deeper prospecting is undertaken; 
but so far no effort has been made to determine 
the fact. 

In the southeastern part of Cherokee 
County, extending from the south line of the 
State northerly for about 15 miles, there is a 
strip of land about six miles wide beneath the 
surface of which are some of the richest zinc 
deposits to be found in the world. The zinc 
district, in Cherokee County, lies along the 
valley of Spring River, on either side of the 
stream, and, taken in connection with the great 
Joplin district, of which it is a part, it is known 
wherever there is a commercial demand for the 
rich ores here produced. Rich but smaller 
deposits of lead are also found here. The oper- 
ations which have been carried forward in the 
mining of these ores are such as have literally 

torn up the earth and rendered its surface, in 
the immediated locality, forever unfit for till- 
age ; for, in bulk, the ore is not more than one- 
thousandth part of the earth and rock which 
must be brought to the surface. Unless ef- 
faced by soil-drifts or by some other great 
physical changes, these earth-markings, it is 
believed, will stand for thousands of years, long 
after the civilization which now prevails upon 
the earth shall have passed away. 

In addition to the great deposits of coal, 
lead and zinc which, taken in connection with 
the fertile soils of the county, place it in the 
first rank maong the wealth-producing parts of 
the State, shale for brick-making, potter's clay 
and building stone are found in quantities 
which will lead, after a while, to the establish- 
ment of particular industries requiring these 
materials. There are quarries of sandstone 
near Columbus from which the very best of 
building stone is now taken in limited quanti- 
ties ; but in time not far hence, when building 
material of other kinds becomes more expensive 
than at present, these quarries will be sought 
to the extent of making it one of the chief in- 
dustries of the county. Such may also be said 
of the deposits of shale, the demand for which 
is a constantly growing one. 

Up to the present it has not been generally 
believed that either gas or petroleum will be 
found in paying quantities within the boundary 
of the county, although deep wells bored for 
water have given off small quantities of each. 
When the well at Columbus ( 1 ,300 feet 
deep) was bored for a water supply for 
the city, gas strong enough to produce a 
flame was given off for a time, and even yet, 
after 18 years, the water sometimes brings up 
light traces of petroleum. In the southwestern 
part of the county there are places where petro- 



leiun exudes from the surface of the earth, and 
in wells of moderate depth larger quantities are 
sometimes found. No deep wells have been 
put down in that part of the county, and the 
question as to whether petroleum may be found 
in paying quantities remains unsettled. How- 
ever, the fact that the counties lying next west 
of Cherokee contain gas and petroleum already 
attracting wide notice and inducing the invest- 
ment of millions of dollars stimulates the belief 
that Cherokee County also possesses these stores 
of natural wealth. 

The fitness of the soils of Cherokee County 
for agricultural purposes compares favorably 
with a large number of other counties. In this 
respect it is far ahead of many, while not 
measuring up to a few. It is not generally as 
fertile as the Kaw Valley, nor is it as productive 
as some of the counties in the northeastern part 
of the State; but in the responsiveness of its 
soils and the readiness with which it assimi- 
lates natural fertilizers it is equal to, if it does 

not surpass, all other sections. The county 
contains about 589 square miles, or about ^JJ,- 
000 acres ; and, with the exception of a small 
area in the southeastern part, it is all suited to 
cultivation. As early as 1878 more than 
147,000 acres were in cultivation, but of this 
amount 32,500 acres were in meadow and 
pasture. For that year the value of farm prod- 
ucts was $966,634, not including the value de- 
rived from fenced pasture lands. Of this 
amount, $478,000 were derived from the value 
of the corn crop, and $155,000 from that of 
wheat, the corn acreage being more than three 
times the acreage of wheat. Besides corn and 
wheat, other crops are largely grown, such 
as rye. barley, oats, buckwheat, sorghum, 
kafir corn, millet, flax, castor beans, Irish pota- 
toes, sweet potatoes, timothy, bluegrass, redtop 
and orchard grass. Recently experiments have 
been made with English bluegrass, while a few 
have been engaged in testing the adaptability of 
Bermuda grass. 


The Passing of the Indian — Removal of the Cherokees from Georgia — The Chero- 
kee Neutral Lands — The First White Settlements — The Cherokee Neutral 
Lands Sold to the Confederacy — The Joy Purchase and the Troubles that 
Followed — The Land League — Joy Sustained — The Townships, Cities and 
Towns of the County — The First Settlers — The Old Settlers' Annual Re- 


Indian tradition relates that before the com- 
ing of the red man's pale-faced brother the 
country lying west of the Mississippi River 
and stretching away into the unknown, beyond 
the setting of the sun, was a "happy hunting 
ground." always to remain the possession of 
the tribes which had wandered over it through 
the unnumbered centuries of the past. The 
wants of the tribes were few and primitive; 
and their rude civilization had reached a point 
beyond which they never would advance, so 
that the land, yielding to them the fruits which 
Nature would afford, was found always to meet 
their simple requirements. But the possessions 
of the red men were not destined to remain for- 
ever undisturbed. The settling of the white 
races along the Atlantic Coast, and their grad- 
ual penetration of the forests westwardly.began 
to be regarded by the Indians as the beginning 
of the end of their long and uninterrupted hold- 
ing of the country beyond the great river. 

And so it was and so it ever will 
be, so long as there is greed for gain 
and the strong man is willing to take from 
his weaker brother that which he rightfully and 
innocently holds. It ought not to be thought 
strange or wonderful that the Indian is of a sad 
countenance, and that he has a far-away look 
in his eye; the former has come to him from 
the experience he has had in innocently en- 
deavoring to hold his own ; the latter is the ex- 
pression of his contemplation of the "happy 
hunting ground," which the Great Spirit will 
give him, where his possessions will never be 
disturbed by the tread of his pale-faced brother. 
This is his only hope ; for here his posessions 
have been almost wholly taken from him, and 
his habitation has become circumscribed within 
limits which are a vexation to his naturally 
roving spirit. He is not the builder of cities, 
nor is he the projector of great and widely 
extended commercial enterprises; but he does 
love nature, and he silently pleads to be let 
alone in the simple, primitive enjoyment, 



which the unbroken plains and the primeval 
forests bring him. The history of the passing 
of the American Indian is a pathetic story. 
It is fewer than three hundred years since 
the white races began actively to dispos- 
sess him of his rightful holdings ; but the 
work is so far accomplished that little, if 
anything, is left of his former glory; and 
within another century the account will be 
closed, and he will be known only in the annals 
of what are called the higher civilizations, 
which have slowly but rudely crowded him off 
the earth. 



Formerly the Cherokee Indians had their 
hunting grounds in the hills and mountains of 
the State of Georgia, where the government 
had provided them a reservation. For many 
years prior to 181 7 it had been urged that the 
tribe was in the way of the rapidly enlarging 
settlements of the white race, and it was as 
strongly urged as necessary that the Indians 
should "move on;" and it was as much de- 
sired on the part of the Indians themselves, for 
their habitation was being surrounded, and the 
land which they possessed there was not suited 
to their primitive wants. They were glad of 
an opportunity to move westwardly. In the 
year 181 7 the tribe was moved to Arkansas, 
where they were granted lands, in exchange for 
their Georgia holdings ; but it was not long 
until another change was thought necessary. 
In 1828 the government made another treaty 
with them, the purpose of which was to secure 
to the tribe "a permanent home, which should, 
under the most solemn guaranty of the United 
States, be and remain theirs forever ; a home 
that should never, in all future time, be em- 

barrassed by having extended around it the 
lines, nor placed over it the jurisdiction of 
any State or Territory, nor be pressed 
upon by the extension over it, in any 
way, of the limits of any existing State 
or Territory." By this treaty the Cherokee 
Indians exchanged their possessions in the 
State of Arkansas, for 7,000,000 acres in what 
was afterward known, and is yet known, as 
the Indian Territory, lying west of Arkansas 
and Missouri and south of Kansas; and this 
they were to have and to hold forever. In ad- 
dition to the freehold, which passed to them 
under this treaty, they were guaranteed per- 
petuity to have and enjoy an outlet to, and the 
unmolested use of, the country lying west of 
their ceded or purchased possessions, that coun- 
try now comprised within the limits of Okla- 


In the exchange of their Georgia posses- 
sions, for the lands in Arkansas, there was a 
money consideration, also, ' amounting to 
$5,000,000, in favor of the Indians, and which 
was not paid at the time of the treaty. Really, 
at the time that the Cherokee Indians were 
moved from the State of Georgia to the State 
of Arkansas there was no exchange of lands; 
the government gave them the Arkansas lands, 
and in 1835 bought their Georgia lands for 
$5,000,000, the government holding the money 
in trust for the tribe. At the time of the treaty 
of 1828, when 7,000,000 acres, now compris- 
ing the Indian Territory, were ceded to the 
Indians, they were dissatisfied, urging that the 
tract would not be sufficient for their needs. 
In order, therefore, to appease their dissatis- 
faction, the government sold them a strip of 



land, 25 miles wide and 50 miles long, lying 
between the State of Missouri and the Osage 
Reservation, for $500,000, to be deducted from 
the $5,000,000 which the government owed the 
Cherokee Indians for their Georgia lands. This 
strip of land, which now comprises Cherokee 
and Crawford counties, was then known as the 
Cherokee Neutral Lands. We now come to 
consider some of the more interesting incidents 
relating to this much disputed district. 


As early as 1835 settlements by white men 
began to be made in what is now Cherokee 
County, although those who came knew that 
the land belonged to the Cherokee Indians. 
The white population grew very slowly. In 
the year 1842 the government endeavored to 
secure a tract of land on Spring River, on 
which to build a fort. The land belonged to 
John Rogers, and he demanded $4,000 for it. 
The officer in charge of the company of soldiers 
was not authorized to pay more than $1,000. 
As a result of the failure to get the land, the 
officer, under the direction of the Secretary 
of War, selected the site of Fort Scott, and 
there the fort was built and barracks erected 
for the garrison. This change in the govern- 
ment plan had the effect of checking what oth- 
erwise would have been a brisk immigration 
into the Indian lands; for in i860, 25 years 
after John Rogers settled in what is now 
Lowell township, Cherokee County, the white 
population of the whole Cherokee strip was only 
1,500. However, by the year 1858 the settlers 
had become sufficiently numerous to give rise 
to much dissatisfaction among the Cherokee 
Indians; and in that year the government sent 

Albert Sidney Johnston, who afterward be- 
came a distinguished Confederate general, to 
make a survey of the Cherokee lands, prepara- 
tory to moving the settlers off the tract. The 
survey being finished and duly reported to the 
government, Captain Lyon, who in 1861 was 
killed at the battle of Wilson's Creek, near 
Springfield. Missouri, was sent from Fort 
Scott, in 1859, with a battalion of soldiers, to 
move the settlers off. The work was com- 
pletely done; for, in addition to moving them 
off, all their improvements were burned or 
otherwise destroyed. James A. Sheridan, who 
died in Columbus only a few years ago, and 
who is widely remembered in Cherokee 
County, was among the settlers who were com- 
pelled to get off the lands. 


It is almost entirely unknown, among the 
people now living within the limits of what 
was formerly known as the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands, now comprising Cherokee and Craw- 
ford counties, that these lands were pro-slavery 
territory for a time. On the first day of June, 
1861, the council of the Cherokee Indians, act- 
ing under authority of the tribe, sold these 
■lands to the Confederate States of America, 
then at war against the United States, for the 
consideration of $500,000, of which amount 
$250,000 were paid in gold, and $250,000 in 
Confederate money. As a further obligation 
on the part of the Indians, they agreed to, and 
did, raise two regiments of soldiers for the 
Confederate army, one commanded by Colonel 
Standwattie, the other by Col. William Penn 
Adair. Jefferson Davis sent Col. Albert Pike, 



as the representative of the Confederacy, to 
conclude the treaty with the Cherokee Indians. 
In 1866, D. C. Finn, who now lives in Colum- 
bus, was sent from Topeka. by Governor Sam- 
uel J. Crawford, to make an enumeration of the 
settlers then living on the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands, and also to circulate a petition among 
them, asking that steps be taken toward organ- 
izing Cherokee County. At the same time a 
petition was signed by a large number of the 
settlers, addressed to the President of the 
United States, asking protection of the settlers 
in their holdings. This petition was sent to 
James H. Lane, then one of the United States 
Senators from Kansas, and he presented it to 
President Johnson. For a time the President 
was undecided ; but Senator Lane, knowing 
that five years before that time the Cherokee 
Indians had sold the lands to the Confederacy, 
and being well acquainted with Col. Albert 
Pike, who made the purchase for the Confed- 
eracy, hunted up Colonel Pike, who then lived 
at Washington, and brought him before the 
President, to make a statement concerning the 
transaction. "Did you pay the Cherokee Indians 
in Confederate money, for these lands?" asked 
the President. "The consideration for the 
lands was $500,000," said Colonel Pike; "of 
this amount the Indians were paid $250,000 
in gold, and $250,000 in Confederate money." 
After considering the matter for a moment, the 
President said : "In view of the fact that the 
Cherokee Indians got value received for their 
lands and passed title thereto to the Confed- 
eracy, the lands properly belong to the United 
States. The settlers will be protected, as far 
as the Indians are concerned, until the status 
of their treaty rights can be determined." 


In August, 1866, a treaty was made be- 
tween the government and the Cherokee Indi- 
ans, whereby the Cherokee Neutral Lands were 
conveyed to the United States, in trust, and the 
Secretary of the Interior was made the agent 
for selling the lands, sealed bids for which were 
to be filed with him for the purchase of lands, 
at not less than $1.25 an acre, no individual be- 
ing permitted to buy more than 160 acres. But 
this process was too slow for selling so large a 
body of land as 800,000 acres. The Secretary 
of the Interior, therefore, entered into a con- 
tract, August 30, 1866, for the sale of the 
whole tract ; but as the terms of the sale did not 
require an immediate payment it was set aside. 
An effort was then made to sell the whole tract 
to General Fremont ; but this failed ; and it was 
not until October 1, 1867, that a sale was 
effected. At that time James F. Joy, of Michi- 
gan, made a bid of $1 an acre for the entire 
tract ; and this being the highest and best bid, 
the contract was concluded. But all settlers 
that had been in possession of claims prior to 
August 10, 1866, were permitted to buy such 
claims at the values set by a commission ap- 
pointed for that purpose. These values ranged 
from $1.50 to $4 an acre. Some negotiations 
followed between the American Emigrant 
Company and Mr. Joy, growing out of the fact 
that this company was the grantee in the first 
sale, which had been set aside for the reason that 
the terms of the sale did not stipulate a cash- 
down payment. The company claimed that it 
was not any fault of theirs ; that the terms had 
been agreed upon, and that the government 



ought to stand to it. These negotiations were 
concluded, and the company, for a considera- 
tion of which the narrative makes not mention, 
transferred all its claims to Mr. Joy, and on 
December 18, 1868, he opened a land office in 
Fort Scott, offering the lands to individual 
buyers, at prices ranging from $2 to $5 an 
acre. Then it was that Mr. Joy's real trouble 
began. He was confronted by a condition of 
affairs more perplexing than the intricacies of 
an Indian treaty. By the time that the lands 
had become his, through purchase and pay- 
ment, more than 1,000 white settlers had se- 
lected claims upon the premises, and more than 
5,000 people were living thereon; and they had 
come to stay. They believed that the Joy pur- 
chase was perpetrated as a fraud upon them ; 
that the government was recreant in its duty to 
protect the private citizen against the encroach- 
ment of great aggregations of wealth. 
Through the constant and persistent urging of 
their rights, whether real or supposed, the Leg- 
islature of the State took up the matter and 
passed resolutions declaring that the Cherokee 
Indians had never possessed any legal rights 
to the lands in question ; that even granting 
that they had, in the treaty of 1835, acquired 
any rights, those rights had been parted with 
when the Cheroke Indians ceded these lands 
to the Confederacy, in 1861, at the Tahlequah 
treaty; that when the United States took the 
lands, in trust, from the Indians, in 1866, the 
Indians had no title to pass, and that the trans- 
action was void, for that reason. 


At the time of which I now write, the set- 
tlers had organized into an offensive and de- 
fensive body known as the Land League. They 

employed William R. Laughlin to present their 
claims before Congress. He consulted with 
William Lawrence, of Ohio, Benjamin F. 
Butler, of Massachusetts, and George W. 
Julian, of Indiana. These gentlemen did what 
they could to determine the facts covering all 
the treaties concerning these lands. This they 
did in the light of the laws governing treaties ; 
and it was their finding and opinion that 
even if the Cherokee Indians had not parted 
with their title, by passing it to the Confed- 
eracy, the ceding of lands to Indian tribes does 
not carry with it the right to alienate to others, 
without the approval and ratification of the 
government. On the other hand, it was held 
that the Joy purchase was a valid one ; that the 
title passed, in fee, and that the lands had been 
legally conveyed to him. The controversy 
grew warmer, and on the part of the League 
grew intensely bitter. Persons entering land at 
the Joy land office were in many instances 
driven out. Capt. A. V. Peters, who had set- 
tled in Spring Valley township, and had pur- 
chased land through the Joy land office, was 
served with the following notice : 

Petersville, June 2, 1S69. 
Mr. Peters — Dear Sir : I presented your case be- 
fore the League last night, who, after consideration, 
agreed to permit you to return, if you would sign an 
obligation to refrain from speaking, acting, writing or 
otherwise operating against the League, or object which 
that institution may have in view. Said obligation is 
in my hands, and the oath will be administered by me. 
Please call at my house immediately after you return. 
By order of the Spring Valley League. 

William Hayhurst. 

John T. Cox was the agent for the selling of 
the Joy lands, with his office located at Fort 
Scott. Many persons secretly bought land 
through him, but did not take possesssion of it, 
being intimidated by the League men, who had 

Old Baptist Church, Columbus' 
The first church built in Columbus; now used as a blacksmith shop. 



close organization all over the lands in con- 
troversy. As showing the unfriendly, not to 
say hitter, feeling, the following resolutions, 
passed by the Lincoln Township League, Craw- 
ford County, are given in full : 

First. Resolved, That if John T. Cox does establish 
an office in Crawford County, Kansas, for the purpose of 
affording the settlers an opportunity of "proving up," 
as it is termed, under this contract, we will hold the 
same as a common nuisance, working hurt, doing in- 
jury and annoying the people; and (the right of self- 
preservation being the paramount law of nature), we 
have the right to, and we will, abate such nuisance; 
peaceably, if we can; forcibly, if we must. 

Second. Resolved, That any member of our League 
that shall refuse to assist in abating the said John T. 
Cox and office shall have meted out to him like treat- 
ment which we propose to John T. Cox. 

Third. Resolved, That any person living in Lin- 
'coln township who shall, after this date, "prove up'' 
before the said John T. Cox, under the Joy contract, 
shall have the same or like treatment administered to 

Fourth. Resolved, That any one sympathizing witli 
or aiding or abetting the said John T. Cox, in establish- 
ing or maintaining his nuisance, is no better than he is, 
and deserves the like treatment. 

Fifth. Resolved, That any settler belonging to this 
League who will remain firm and not "prove up," shall 
be protected ; and any one "proving up," or buying such 
settler's claim, shall never enjoy the land ; that we 
pledge ourselves to hang him higher than Haman, and 
that without benefit of clergy. 

Sixth. Resolved, That we mean action, and that we 
will put the above resolutions in force, and that we will 
make an example of the first person that violates any 
of these resolutions. 

\V. G. Cunningham, 
J. S. Armsworthy, 
W. G. Clark, 



Things ran along much in this line for a 
number of years, and during all the time there 

was a vague uncertainty in public affairs, and 
this stood in the way of building up the ma- 
terial interests of the country. The people were 
watchful of those coming in from other States, 
for there was a determination, on the part of 
the League, to force the Joy faction out of the 
land, if within their power to do it. But the 
tide finally turned. On June 10, 1869, troops 
were sent into the Cherokee Neutral Lands. 
These were infantry. Three other companies 
joined them on August 5th, and with these a 
detachment of artillery came, and later, on Octo- 
ber 9th, a company of cavalry joined the forces 
already in the field. Early in 1870 one com- 
pany of infantry was withdrawn. The remain- 
ing troops were held until 1872, as by that time 
the force of the Leagues was reduced, and the 
number of persons not belonging to it had 
grown greater than those who belonged to or 
sympathized with it. But the trouble was not 
over until the matter had been taken to the 
United States Supreme Court. A test-case 
was brought for the purpose of determining 
the validity of the Joy title to the lands in dis- 
pute. This case was argued in the Supreme 
Court, April 16 and 17, 1872, and the decision 
was handed down November 18th of the same 
year. The title of the case was: "Peter F. 
Holden, Appellant, versus James F. Joy. Ap- 
pellee." Benjamin F. Butler, William Law- 
rence and W. S. Rockwell were the attorneys 
for Holden, who represented the interests of 
the Land Leagues, and B. R. Curtis and Wil- 
lard P. Hall were the attorneys for Mr. Joy. 
The opinion is set out in full in Book 21 of the 
Supreme Court Reports (The Lawyers' Co- 
operative Publishing Company's Edition, 
1884), beginning at Page 523, and through the 
opinion Mr. Joy's title to the lands was de- 
cided valid. Practically, this was the end of 



the operations of the Land League. In the 
meantime Mr. Joy had sold the lands to the 
Missouri River, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad 
Company, and it was for the protection of the 
railroad company's interests that troops had 
been kept in Cherokee and Crawford counties, 
from June 10, 1869, until December, 1872. 
The Supreme Court having decided the mat- 
ter in favor of Mr. Joy, the troops were with- 
drawn. Peace then settled over the broad and 
generally untouched prairies. Up to Decem- 
ber 31, 1870, the railroad company had sold 
283,012 acres of the land, and had taken in 
$1,705,398, and the company yet owned about 
400,000 acres, much of which was afterward 
sold at higher rates. These figures pertain to 
the whole tract of land formerly known as the 
Cherokee Neutral Lands, now embraced within 
Cherokee and Crawford counties. 

Before leaving this particular subject, we 
deem it not improper here to relate a matter 
which, as far as we now know, has never been 
put into print. Through his connection with 
the controversy between the early settlers and 
James F. Joy, Benjamin F. Butler's attention 
was attracted to the natural resources of Chero- 
kee County, and particularly to the water 
power of Spring River. He sent an agent here 
to make an investigation of the stream, and it 
was understood at that time that it was his in- 
tention to buy up the land on each side of the 
river, build dams for securing the water power 
and to establish a number of manufacturing 
industries, an enterprise such as is now being 
put forward by The Spring River Power Com- 
pany, and which is even now well under way. 
General Butler died before anything had been 
done beyond the examination into the feasi- 
bility of the project, but it is believed that he 
fully intended to go forward with the work, 

which, had he lived, would doubtless have been 
completed long ago. 


Cherokee County is divided into 14 munici- 
pal townships, which, beginning in the north- 
east corner of the county, and alternating east 
and west, are named as follows : Pleasant 
View, Cherokee, Mineral, Ross, Sheridan; 
Lola, Salamanca, Crawford, Shawnee, Lowell, 
Garden, Spring Valley, Lyon and Neosho. 
The cities and towns are located as follows : 
Columbus, in Salamanca; Galena and Empire 
City, in Lowell ; Baxter Springs, in Spring 
Valley ; Scammon, in Mineral ; Weir City, in 
Cherokee ; Mineral City, in Ross. The towns 
are as follows : Lawton, Pleasant View and 
Kniveton, in Pleasant View; Turck and Stipp- 
ville, in Mineral ; Cokedale, Folsom and Stone 
City, in Ross ; Sherman City, in Sheridan ; 
Hallowell and Sherwin, in Lola ; Quaker Val- 
ley, in Crawford; Crestline and Peacock, in 
Shawnee; Lowell, in Garden; Neutral, in 
Spring Valley ; Keelville, in Lyon ; Melrose and 
Faulkner, in Neosho. 


That came to what is now Cherokee County 
were David M. Harlan, Richard Fields, George 
Fields, John Rogers and Dennis Wolf. Har- 
lan settled two and a half miles east of the pres- 
ent site of Baxter Springs. John Rogers set- 
tled where the town of Lowell now stands, 
while the Fields brothers and Wolf settled far- 
ther north, all in what is now Garden town- 
ship. They came in 1835. All these men were 
one-fourth Indian blood; their wives were 



white women. All of them were natives of 
Georgia, and were of the Cherokee tribe. Har- 
lan and Rogers were commissioners in behalf 
of the Cherokees in the treaty of 1817, when 
the Indians were ceded lands in Arkansas, and 
afterwards in the Indian Teritory. These 
men had some kind of misunderstanding with 
their tribal officers in the Territory, and on 
account of this they, with their families, with- 
drew and came north. Mrs. Lucinda Harlan 
Willard, who now lives in Baxter Springs, 
and who is a daughter of David M. Harlan, 
was born two and a half miles east of Baxter 
Springs. June 28, 1840. She is now 64 years 
old, and she has lived all her life in this county. 
I visited her at her home, on June 24, 1904, 
when she talked freely about the incidents of 
the early days. When a child she saw deer, 
antelope and buffalo in large herds by day, 
and at night she often heard the coyotes and 
gray wolves as if the whole earth were alive 
with them. According to the information ob- 
tained from her, A. Baxter, who laid a claim, 
where the big spring flows out of the hill, from 
which Baxter Springs was named, settled there 
about the year 1850. He came from some 
place in Missouri, and after settling near the 
spring he built a small tavern, for the accom- 
modation of the few travelers passing over the 
country in those days. He did not seem to 
care much for the accumulation of property. 
Living was cheap, game was plentiful, and he 
was satisfied with making a little money. He 
was an infidel and in some other ways a hard 
man. He got into trouble with a man by the 
name of Commons, who had settled on the 
east side of Spring River, about three miles 
northeast of Baxter's place; he wanted the 
claim on which Commons had located, and he 
threatened violence, if Commons refused to 

move off. Baxter probably wanted the claim 
for his son-in-law, who is said to have been 
a nondescript character and a kind of depend- 
ent. Baxter, accompanied by his son-in-law 
and another man, whose names I have not 
been able to get, went across the river and 
started up toward where Commons lived, for 
the purpose of driving out the latter. Com- 
mons, in some way, heard that they were com- 
ing, and he called in a friend to help him in the 
defense of his rights, the possession of the 
claim. As Baxter and his companions ap- 
proached the log house in which Commons and 
his force were fortified, they opened fire on 
Baxter and his companions. The fire was re- 
turned. Baxter and his son-in-law were killed, 
as was the man whom Commons had called in 
to aid in repelling the invasion. There was not 
much excitement over the tragedy, chiefly for 
the reason that there were not many people to 
become excited. The remaining part of Bax- 
ter's family, when the war came on, joined 
their fortunes with the Confederacy, went 
south and were never heard of any more. Da- 
vid M. Harlan, Mrs. Willard's father, lived 
several years after the close of the war; but 
of John Rogers, the Fields brothers and Dennis 
Wolf little, if anything, is known as to what be- 
came of them. Upon the scenes of those early 
days the curtain has fallen. Later events have 
come trooping on down through the years, and 
the perspective of memory, with those who can 
recall much of that which entered into the for- 
mer annals of the land, narrows down to a 
mere point in the distance. Beyond that one 
has to depend upon tradition, whose weak and 
often broken threads give but a vague, uncer- 
tain conception of the incidents of prehistoric 
times. Here are found the mists and the shad- 
ows which dim the vision, and which, like the 



mantle of charity, shut out many a grewsome 
scene. The historian must content himself this 
side of the line which lies between tradition and 
the field of known facts. 

It is thought best to take up the townships 
in the order in which they are usualy men- 
tioned, and give what facts can be obtained of 
their early settlers. Some of these facts will 
give to some of the townships a larger men- 
tion that can be made of others, for the reason 
that a few persons have done what they can to 
aid in this work, while others, though equally 
interested, have given it no attention at all. 

Pleasant View. — This township, in the 
northeast corner of the county, had a few very 
early settlers ; and it was due chiefly to this fact 
that the town of Pleasant View, if it was ever 
proper to call it a town, was the first county 
seat, a distinction which the historian must not 
overlook. Walter Merrick was about the first 
settler in the township. He was born in Jasper 
County, Missouri, in 1841. When he was 20 
years old, he enlisted in the 6th Kansas Cav- 
alry and served to the close of the w T ar. In 
1865 he moved to Cherokee County, settling in 
this township, where he now lives, and where 
he owns a fine farm. John H. Scott, now liv- 
ing in Columbus, came to the township in 
1866; and about the same time John Rawlings, 
Henry Stuckey, Lawrence Conklin and Joseph 
Galpine settled in the township. There were 
some incidents out of the ordinary run of 
things, even in frontier life. A man, whose 
name I have been unable to get, was seined out 
of Spring River, near Merrick's ford, near 
Waco, Missouri; and a man by the name of 
Wyrick was suspected of being his murderer. 
Both had lived in Pleasant View township. 
Another man by the name of Estes was sus- 
pected as being associated with Wyrick in the 

foul deed. The few settlers in the township 
got together and ran them out of the coun- 
try. They never returned. About that time a 
man by the name of Gifford was suspected of 
stealing cattle. He was taken out by the 
people and hanged to a tree, in broad day light. 
Nothing was said of the matter ; and there was 
no effort made to prosecute those engaged in 
the execution of the spspected man. It was in 
the manner of frontier life, before there were 
any courts in the county, and the people would 
not wait the slow processes of law which would 
make it necessary to take the case to the court 
at Fort Scott. As early as 1868 Harry Hem- 
ming, A. O. Webb. Henry Rice, John H. Dyer, 
Levi Keithley. A. Lamb, G. Keith, S. B. Crist 
and James H. Dyer were among the citizens of 
Pleasant View township. There was also P. 
Pattyson and D. A. Stephens. 

Cherokee. — This township formerly in- 
cluded what is now known as Mineral town- 
ship; and a mentioning of the old settlers will 
include those who came to both, or the terri- 
tory now covered by both. Among the early 
settlers of the township may be mentioned : 
D. M. Easley, H. A. Markham, William Vin- 
cent, M. Burns, H. J. Helmick, W. H. Hill, 
Byron Potter, William H. Baker, W. Ellis, W. 
C. Davis, James Kennedy, Darius Pattyson, F. 
V. Henry, A. Louther and James H. Story. 
The dates of the settlement of these can not 
now be given ; but it is of record that they were 
citizens of the township at an early time in the 
history of the county. 

Ross. — This township lies west of the pres- 
ent township of Mineral, and east of Sheridan. 
C. C. Hyde, G. M. Edgemond. H. G. May. 
Isaac Parker, A. Hillard, A. B. Kirk. O. B. 
Ferris, I. N. Smith. B. F. Wells, M. Allen, 
J. F. Rice, William Benham, Daniel Edge- 



mond, William Whitson, J. M. Wills, D. Wick- 
off, R. M. Elliott, J. M. Jordan, George Mc- 
Clure, S. Sellers, W. Evans, George W. Hoyt 
and Walter B. McCormick, came early to the 
township and were prominently known in its 

Sheridan. — The following names may be 
taken from among the first settlers of Sheri- 
dan township : Wesley Howard, W. H. An- 
gell, Alfred Landstrum, M. B. Clingler, John 
M. Maher, Alfred Spence, S. B. Matthews, 
William McGibony, William Westervelt, 
Stephen McClure, L. C. Branson, Robert Rat- 
cliff and William Savers. 

Lola. — Jacob Galer, Samuel Megenity, 
Joseph T. Martin. William Smith. W. W. 
Warren. H. E. Durkee, William Rogers, C. A. 
McNeill, William A. Clevenger, John Buck- 
master, W. Dunbar, G. Dobbins, Clinton Mc- 
Mickle, W. C. Pender, Samuel Ollenger, T. S. 
Cookston, James Pendergrass, and Alvin Gar- 
rison came early to what is now Lola township. 

Salamanca. — This township had its share 
of the early settlers. John Whitcraft, who is 
76 years old, and who now lives in Columbus, 
came to the township in April, 1866. He kept 
a little store at Millersburg, the glory of which 
has long since passed away-; and there he sold 
goods and provisions to the few settlers then 
there, whose manners and customs were primi- 
tive and simple, and whose wants were few 
and easily satisfied. Eugene F. Ware, now 
United States Commissioner of Pensions, who 
came to Cherokee County, with his brother, 
and was taking his place among the early set- 
tlers, was one of Mr. Whitcraft's best cus- 
tomers. Mr. Ware was a young man, who 
had laid a claim on a quarter section up in 
Ross township, and he was then breaking the 
virgin soil, with a big plow drawn by four yoke 

of oxen. He was a sturdy yeoman among his 
fellows, all of whom liked him for his sim ■ 
plicity of manner, his sterling integrity and his 
native brilliancy of intellect. Mr. Ware yet 
owns a large and very valuable tract of land in 
Ross township. Of the other settlers of Sala- 
manca township mention must be made of 
James, George and Hamilton Corbin, three 
brothers who came in 1865, or early in 1S66. 
They were here before John Whitcraft came. 
H. A. Scovell, who now lives in Columbus, 
and his brother, Hannibal Scovell, who lives in 
Galena, laid claim on the east half of section 13, 
Salamanca township, in the fall of 1867. H. 
A. Scovell sold his claim to S. S. Smith, and 
Hannibal Scovell sold his to George Souder. 
A part of the city of Columbus stands on this 
tract of land, and the principal street of the 
city runs transversely across it, from east to 
west. Other names of early settlers of this 
township are : F. Fry, John Appleby, Charles 
E. Hyde, A. Hudson, Daniel Johnston, Wil- 
liam Swanson and Merida Allen. 

Crawford. — J. P. Hanson, now living in 
Columbus, came to Crawford township No- 
vember 9, 1867. He at once took a claim on 
the southwest quarter of section 18, in that 
township. John Davis settled on Brush Creek, 
about two miles east of Columbus, in 1865. 
William Davis came the next year. James F. 
Pitzer and Zabrina Williams came in the spring 
of 1867. W. H. Layne also came at that time. 
Mr. Layne was afterward elected sheriff. He 
yet lives in the county. Some of the 
early settlers are : C. W. Willey, Andrew Hus- 
ton, J. S. Vincent, William Baker, Milton 
Douglass, E. W. Hall, William Horner, W. 
S. Martin, and G. W. Wood. 

Shawnee. — The following settlers came to 
Shawnee township as early as 1866: H. G. 



Clem, Matthew Raulston, J. R. Burrows, A. 
Lynch, E. C. Wells, G. Hutsell, J. J. Wells, 
Philip Cogswell, John Bird, John Springer; 
and later came R. D. Ellis, Zimri Dixon, F. 
M. Beatty, E. D. Lutes, John Robinson, Clem- 
mons Lisle, Dr. Harrington, Dr. Calvin C. 
McDowell. Wirt McDowell, Henry Wiggins, 
Joseph McBride, Jacob Martin, Riley Burris, 
William Lewis, S. J. Ellis and Basil Wiggins. 
The first Methodist church organized in the 
county was organized at the house of Dr. Mc- 
Dowell, who was a prominent leader in that 
denomination. Mrs. Gates, who now lives in 
Columbus, was one of the members. Shaw- 
nee township was more thickly settled at first, 
on account of the woodlands along the streams, 
and on account of the numerous springs of 
good water. 

Loiicll. — Originally, the township of Low- 
ell included what is now known as Garden 
township. In giving the names of the first 
settlers it is necessary to speak of the two as 
one. Elsewhere in this chapter David M. 
Harlan, George and Richard Fields. John Rog- 
ers and Dennis Wolf are mentioned as settling 
in this part of what is now Cherokee County. 
They came in 1835, when the country was a 
wilderness, 19 years before the territorial gov- 
ernment of Kansas was organized. The next 
settler was Charles D. Merrick, who came from 
Jasper County, Missouri, and settled near the 
present site of the town of Lowell, in 1842. 
He was perhaps the first settler not of Indian 
blood, except the wives of the first settlers men- 
tioned in this paragraph. Later yet, among 
the early settlers of the county, came J. J. Ken- 
ley, Thomas Miller, J. M. Wilson, William 
Hayhurst. J. M. Ritchey, H. R. Hubbard, John 
Fisher, Thomas May, W. H. Peters and J. J. 

Garden.- — It has been my good fortune to 
get from Henry Mitchell, an old settler of this 
township, a carefully written history of its set- 
tlement, or the settlement of that part of the 
original territory of Lowell township which is 
now known as Garden township. From his ac- 
count I glean a large amount of interesting 
matter. He speaks of David M. Harlan, James 
and Richard Fields, Dennis Wolf, John Ely, 
William Bly, Ira Goddard and a man by the 
name of Rogers as having settled in what is 
now Garden township. He speaks also of Cal- 
vin James, who built some cabins on the west 
side of Spring River, above the mouth of Shoal 
Creek, and broke out some prairie land, which 
land is now owned by the widow and children 
of John Pearson. A school was taught there 
by Penina Lisle, in 1859, which he says must 
have been the first school taught in what is now 
Cherokee County. In 1858 the lands west of 
the James place were improved by Dr. 
Dowdna, a Quaker from Barnesville, Ohio. 
Dr. Dowdna planted a nursery containing 20,- 
000 grafts, which was the first nursery in the 
county. Some of the trees from this nursery 
compose the old orchard on the Cox place: and 
there is just one left on the site of the nursery. 
Dr. Dowdna kept the. first post office estab- 
lished in the county. Mr. Mitchell's account 
of the killing of a man by the name of Baxter 
varies some from the account given by Mrs. 
Willard, mentioned elsewhere in this chapter. 
Mr. Mitchell says that the tragedy grew out of 
a quarrel between Baxter and a man bv the 
name of Rogers, concerning a payment on a 
land deal which had taken place some time be- 
fore. It seems that Baxter had a widowed 
daughter by the name of Carr. She sold some 
land to Rogers, and he, in turn, sold it to 
David B. Commons. The quarrel between 



Baxter and Rogers occurred in i860. Both 
were killed, as also a man by the name of Mor- 
ris. In the fall of 1862 Mr. Commons was 
compelled to move his family away, on account 
of the war. He moved to Coffey County, 
where he died in the fall of 1863. At the close 
of the war Mrs. Commons and the children 
returned to the old home, where she died in 
1893. George O. Harvey, who now lives in 
the Quaker Valley, married a daughter of Mrs. 
Commons. In i860 Thomas Archer, a son-in- 
law of David M. Harlan, lived on the place 
known as the Hinkle farm, just south of Stan- 
ley mines. The place now owned by George 
Wallace, on the east side of Lowell prairie, is 
the place where David M. Harlan settled in 
1835. In the year 1858, Benjamin Hiatt, a 
Mr. Jennings, a Mr. Spurgeon and a Mr. Stiles 
came from Tennessee and settled on the prairie 
now bearing the name of that state. At the 
close of the war Benjamin Meeker, Andrew 
Wooten and Benjamin Pickett came on a tour 
of inspection. Meeker purchased the claim of 
a man by the name of Heep, and moved on it 
on February 26, 1866. In January of that year 
George \V. Fulkerson, with a son and daugh- 
ter, came to the township, from Linn County, 
Kansas; and in March of that year, David 
Bodlv, Alonzo Adams Green, Thomas and Al- 
bert McDowell came into the community. La- 
fayette McDowell came later. He improved a 
place and sold it to C. W. Harvey in 1867. 
Ephraim Harvey and sons now own the place. 
Spring Valley. — Some of the old settlers of 
this township came at an early time. Of some 
of these I shall give an account in the history 
of Baxter Springs, in this volume. Among 
those found among the records are the follow- 
ing: E. J. Trimble, T. D. Lake, J. Sloan, J. 
S. King, William H. Chew, W. P. Eddy, 6. 

P. Farley, Thomas Pennington, Andrew J 
Williams, G. Van Winkle, L. P. Johnson. J 
M. Raney, H. S. Ross, A. P. Steel, C. M. Tay- 
lor, J. M. Davis, S. B. Apple, Charles Eddy. 
A. C. Griffin, M. J. Vance, Thomas Griffith 
L. A. Gibbons and E. W. Leake. 

Lyon. — Leander Mulliken, E. Holcomb 
S. T. Kennedy, John Peterson, O. O. Potter 
C. A. Williamson, A. S. Dennison, C. D. Price 
C. T. Cowan, H. Reynolds and C. H. Cornish 
are some of the first settlers. To these may be 
added F. M. B. Amos, E. Botsford and J. 
Cooper. These may not include the very first 
settlers in Lyon township, but they are among 
those who took an active part in affairs of the 
township as early as 1869. 

Neosho. — Prominent among the early set- 
tlers of Neosho township these names may be 
mentioned : A. J. Eggy, James Norris, S. W. 
Vanatta, D. P. Bullock, J. C. Kimmons, J. 
Kelsow, James Songer, L. N. Beaman, D. J. 
Churchhiil, FI. H. Abbott, F. J. Jones, N. C. 
Turner, W. W. Hinton, J. P. Owens, A. 
Dolby, J. N. Box, J. D. Dunaway, Ira Wilson 
and L. F. McAleer. Also E. M. McPherson, 
W. E. Brooks, Hugh Smith and S. F. Mc- 


The people of Cherokee County, like those 
of the other parts of the State of Kansas, are 
extremely social. With the older settlers, when 
they have finished their chase after fortune, 
some now resting at ease in the enjoyment of 
that which they have accumulated, while others 
are nervous and restless over what they con- 
sider to be failure, there is a disposition occa- 
sionally to get together and talk over the inci- 
dents of early life in the county, in the doing 



of which memories may be refreshed and many 
an event recalled which had become obscure 
through the winding vicissitudes of busy lives. 
Unlike the Athenians, who, it is said, delighted 
in relating and hearing things which were new, 
the people of Cherokee County are fond of 
dwelling upon things which run back to the 
old days. The mists of time-dust may hang 
over the scenes, and the perspective of inter- 
vening years may narrow down an event to a 
mere outline, so that none but the sharp partic- 
ulars can be seen ; but the scenes seem the more 
interesting because the more removed, as dis- 
tance lends enchantment to the view. 

About the year 1893 the Cherokee County 
Old Settlers' Reunion was organized, in con- 
nection with the county fair, then being held 
annually, on the old fair ground, in the north- 
west part of Columbus. A. S. Dennison was 
elected the first president, and E. R. Pattyson 
was the first secretary. It was the plan to hold 
it annually ; but the county fair for want of 
interest on the part of the people, was not held 
the next year, nor at any following year. The 
reunion was discontinued with the fair. One 
or two years afterward, S. O. McDowell, then 
mayor of the city of Columbus, agitated the 
matter of reviving the reunion, claiming that 
it would be sustained, if held apart from any 
other association. It was reorganized, and the 
park in the southern part of the city was se- 
cured for holding it. S. O. McDowell was 
elected president, and he held the office for two 
years. The association did not get along very 
well, and be urged that it be abandoned ; and 
so it was; but the people the next year reor- 
ganized it and elected A. S. Dennison its presi- 
dent, and he was five times reelected. He was 
succeeded by W. J. Moore, and he by E. R. Pat- 
tyson, who was president for the year closing 

in August, 1904. The officers of the associa- 
tion, for the year ending August, 1905, are: 
A. S. Dennison, president; J. Wilbur Logan, 
secretary; John E. Tutton, treasurer; and S. 
P. Salisbury, manager of the grounds. 

The primary object of the reunion associa- 
tion was to provide for an annual meeting of 
the old settlers of Cherokee County, to be held 
during four days, beginning on Tuesday after 
the first Monday in the month of August ; and 
growing out of this purpose, as incidental 
thereto, it was to afford an opportunity for 
speeches, historical and biographical sketches, 
the reading of manuscripts, papers and for such 
other communications as would pertain to the 
history of the county, from its first settlement 
on down to the present. In a sentence, it was 
for the purpose of keeping alive a correct 
knowdedge of the events which ought to enter 
into and make up the social history of the 
county, in a way of such interest as would hold 
the people in a sufficient fondness of the mat- 
ter to prompt them to keep the organization 
alive and active and to continue it through the 
generations as they in turn take their places as 
the years go on. Unhappily, the real purpose 
of the association has not been attained. It re- 
quired some money, though not much, to get 
the matter under way, and to keep it going; 
and, in order to raise such money, a casting 
about was indulged for the employment of 
some expedient to that end. The amusement 
idea was suggested, and it was as readily taken 
into the plan. Here lies the danger to the life 
and effectiveness of the association. The 
amusement feature, being considered essential 
to the material support of the undertaking, 
must be nourished and maintained; if nour- 
ished and maintained, it must grow ; if it con- 
tinues to grow, it will overshadow all other 



considerations, and as a result the old-settler 
feature will die out and disappear. Even now, 
lh' iugh the organization is young, the books 
and papers of the association have been lost, 
and little, if anything, has been done toward 
preserving a well formulated history of the 

It is beginning to be felt, on the part of the 
oldest settlers of the county now living, that the 
primary purpose of the association must be 
better guarded and protected, which it is pos- 
sible to do without making the meetings less 
attractive to all classes that it is right and 
proper to be received on the grounds. The 
best thought will be followed, and whatever 
wrong or injurious features that have been per- 
mitted will be quietly left off, while others, 
looking to better results, will be added. 

Among the attractions which have been 
profitably employed is that of having speeches, 
essays, addresses, historic descriptions, a pro- 
gram of vocal and instrumental music and an 
occasional light play. Among the local speak- 
ers who along through the years have ad- 
dressed the association are : Judge W. B. 
Glasse, E. M. Tracewell, Col. R. W. Blue, 
Judge A. H. Skidmore, R. M. Cheshire, Judge 
Edward E. Sapp, W. J. Moore, William F. 
Sapp, Dr. Martin, G. W. Canfield, C. S. Bow- 
man, Henry Mitchell, Mrs. Sarah Edgemond, 
W. R. Cowley, Senator M. A. Housholder and 
John R. Wright. Speakers from abroad have 
been Judge H. G. Webb, Editor Price, of Cher- 
okee, Kansas, Congressman S. S. Kirkpatrick, 
Congressman A. M. Jackson, Rev. Mr. Bram- 
hall, Congressman Charles Curtis, Congress- 
man Phil Campbell, Clarence Lansdon, and 
Mr. Flannagan, of Charthage, Missouri. 

As indicating the interest which the old set- 
tlers take in the meetings of the association, 

and as showing that my criticism of its plan, 
expressed in one of the foregoing paragraphs, 
may not be altogether proper, it is thought to 
be an encouraging matter to give a list of the 
old settlers, whose names were taken at the last 
two days of the association's meeting in Au- 
gust, 1904. They are the names of those who 
actually attended the meetings at that time. 
The locations given are the locations of the set- 
tlements, and not the places where the persons 
now live. The list begins with those who came 
first, and the order is followed throughout : 

Year 1840; Mrs. A. Willard, formerly 
Miss Harlan, born in what is now Garden 

Year 1842; Walter Merrick, then one year 
old, was brought by his parents to what is now 
Garden township. The family moved back to 
Jasper County, Missouri, in 1843. 

Year 1865 ; Walter Merrick, Pleasant View 
township ; David Treat. 

Year 1866; J. H. Galpine, Pleasant View 
township; S. D. Newton, Lyon township; Dr. 
J. W. Jane, Baxter Springs; W. H. Layne, 
Crawford township; Mrs. Rose Maxton, 
Crawford township ; Mrs. Mary Ridge, Sheri- 
dan township; Leslie Patterson, Ross town- 
ship; H. S. Davis, Baxter Springs; G. W. Can- 
field, Lola township ; John A. Rawlings, Pleas- 
ant View township; John Whitcraft, Ross 
township; W. N. Stowell, Spring Valley town- 
ship ; J. G. Coldiron, Pleasant View township ; 
W. H. Peters, Lowell township; B. Alsenz, 
Spring Valley. 

Year 1867; C. W. Harvey, Lowell town- 
ship; Fred Bennett, Pleasant View township; 
William March, Baxter Springs; W. A. El- 
liott; Benjamin Capron, Crawford township; 
Ira Easterling, Crawford township; Mr. 
and Mrs. A. S. Dennison, Baxter Springs; 



C. H. Scott, Pleasant View township; Hanni- 
bal Scovell and H. A. Scovell, Columbus; 
James Hanson, Crawford township ; E. R. Pat- 
tyson, Pleasant View township ; William Ba- 
ker, Crawford township; Joseph Wallace, 
Spring- Valley township; Mrs. Odell Filler, 
Columbus; T. J. Wilson, Sheridan township; 
E. B. Older, Baxter Springs; George Craw- 
ford, Crawford township ; W. P. Eddy, Spring 
Valley township. 

Year 1868; C. N. Wager, Pleasant View 
township ; Matthias Hook, Lola township ; 
G. W. Douglass, Crawford township ; J. W. 
Jacobs, Spring Valley township; C. A. Mid- 
daugh, Columbus ; George Martin, Lola town- 

Year 1869; C. W. Thomas, Pleasant View 
township; C. J. Peterson, Shawnee township; 
A. D. Watts, Ross township; C. A. McNeill 
and E. V. McNeill, Lola township; R. D. 
Ellis and J. H. Ellis, Shawnee township ; 
W. V. York, Shawnee township; John 
Albertson, Mineral township; H. R. Sadler, 
Crawford township ; Henry Howey, Pleasant 
View township ; Mrs. Anna Lisle, Columbus ; 
Jerry Schock, Columbus ; W. A. Brentlinger. 

Year 1 870 ; Gus Foster, Columbus ; James 
Broadley, Neosho township ; John Grow, Ross 
township; Leander Mulliken, Lyon township; 
H. Kinnaman, Spring Valley township ; E. 
Chase and J. P. Parr, Salamanca township; 
Theodore Goldsbury, Columbus; A. T. Lea, 
Columbus; Fred Cowley, Columbus: William 
Miller, Spring Valley township ; S. W. Smith, 
Lola township. 

Year 1871 ; J. R. Carter, Salamanca town- 
ship ; B. W. Martin, Columbus. 

Year 1872; John Ratcliff, Salamanca town- 
ship; W. B. Lowry; John Hogg, Columbus; J. 
T. Small, Pleasant View township. 

Year 1873; A. B. Saunders, Columbus; J. 
C. Broadley, Neosho township; John Gray, 
Mineral township; J. H. Rhea; Lewis Prell, 
Spring Valley township; P. F. Shackle, Co- 
lumbus; L. M. Holmes, Salamanca township; 
Mrs. Kate Vincent Cool, Columbus; J. A. 
Miller, Mineral township; M. R. Chiisman, 

Year 1874; James Skidmore, Columbus; 
A. J. Jameson, Columbus; George M. Barrick. 
Lola township; C. W. Raymer, Lyon town- 
ship; W. Fierce, Neosho township; Phil C. 
Metzler, Mrs. Margaret Metzler and Mrs. 
Kate Gallagher, Columbus; Mrs. Mary Goes. 

Year 1875; Dr. J. O. Houx, Columbus; 
L. W. Medlin, Lowell township. 

Year 1876; John Huff, Shawnee township; 
S. P. Salisbury, Quaker Valley; A. H. Skid- 
more, Columbus. 

Year 1877; W. J. Houston, Pleasant View 
township; W. R. Elliott, Galena; Mrs. Hattie 
DeVoe Capron, Crawford township ; W. B. 
Stone, Galena. 

Year 1878; C. M. Skinner, Salamanca 
township; J. C. Babb, Galena; William Mas- 
ters and Charles E. Masters, Salamanca town- 
ship ; W. L. Ireland, Neosho township ; T. J. 
Skinner, Salamanca townsHp. 

Year 1879; Mrs. Susan Pennock; J. C. 
Mahood, Galena; C. D. Ashley, Columbus; 
Mrs. Ellen Richardson and Mrs. Fred Cowley, 
Columbus ; M. A. Housholder, Columbus. 

Year 1880; E. B. Davis, Lyon township; 
Andrew Shearer, Lyon township; E. W. Coo- 
ter, Salamanca township; J. C. Little. Colum- 

Year 1881 ; Michael Mover and George 
Moyer, Salamanca township; R. A. Burton, 
Lola township; H. M. Schock, Columbus; C. 
C. Thompson, Salamanca township. 



Year 1882; James Morrow, Lyon town- 
ship; T. G. Hicks; W. C. B. Davis, Lyon town- 
ship ; L. S. Tanquary, Columbus ; C. H. May, 
Ross township. 

Year 1883; J. S. Moore; M. R. Steward 
and B. F. Steward, Columbus ; J. H. Arm- 
strong, Salamanca township; Isaac Wright 
and Mrs. Iowa Wright, Columbus ; Mrs. Ida 
Archer, Columbus. 

Year 1884; W. L. Hamlet, Shawnee town- 

ship; Mr. and Mrs. A. Miller, Columbus; R. 
M. Cheshire, Columbus; W. B. Duncan, Sala- 
manca township. 

The foregoing list may not include, and 
perhaps does not include, all the old settlers 
that attended the reunion. The names of those 
who have lived in the county fewer than 20 
years were not sought, as it is an unwritten 
rule that one is not an old settler until he has 
been in the county 20 or more years. 


After I had about completed the history of 
Cherokee County, using such material as it had 
been my fortune to secure, it chanced that a 
number of documents, letters and other things 
came into my possession. They are here given 
as additional information concerning the early 
struggles of the people who came to make 
homes in the Cherokee Neutral Lands district. 
Some of these old papers will be read with 
much interest by the early settlers yet living, 
while the younger generations cannot fail of 
being impressed with an idea of the hardships 
which their ancestry bore, for the sake of their 
own immediate comfort and the yet greater 
comfort and happinesss of their descendants. 

In 1867, William H. Dodge published a 
little pamphlet, entitled "Dodge's Sectional 
Map of the Cherokee Neutral Lands," with a 
description of the country and an invitation to 
immigrants. A good copy of the map itself 
is not available for reproduction, but the pam- 
phlet is interesting, as it is a rather minute de- 
scription of the country. In his preface Mr. 
Dodge says : 

"The many favorable accounts of the Cher- 
okee Neutral Lands I received, while vainly 
searching for United States Public Lands, on 
which to make a home, in Southwest Missouri, 
induced me to go and see it; and on reaching 
it, I learned that the treaty with the Cherokee 

Indians, by which these lands were obtained 
for white settlement, was so framed by the 
commissioners who treated for the lands as to 
give railroads and other land speculating com- 
panies an immense advantage over the settlers, 
who are justly fearful that some 'trick of state- 
craft' so often practiced now-a-days by our 
government officials, will deprive them of their 
little improvements, and to prevent which they 
are organized in neighborhood clubs. As no 
correct information could be got (without per- 
sonal inspection) of the character of these 
lands, or the late surveys of it, to guide the 
emigrant, or to enable many of the settlers to 
get the numbers of the lands they are on, to- 
gether with the many rumors of these lands 
being sold in a body to this, that or the other 
land speculating company, increasing the ap- 
prehension of the settlers, and creating the 
general belief that the Secretary of the Inte- 
rior, the commissioners, half the members 
of Congress, and all the Railroad Companies 
were designing another gigantic land swindle 
to rob the settlers and emigrants of their hard 
earnings, I resolved to make a complete and 
correct map of the country, while in it. which 
I did by tracing the section lines, and wrote 
out, as best I could, the following imperfect 
description of the country, and publish both to 
induce and direct immigration to fill it up be- 



fore government schemers can accomplish 
their hellish design of enslaving western emi- 
grants — the most useful class of American 
citizens — by depriving them of this last chance 
to get homes, without patronizing that mon- 
strous and shameless curse to our country, 
Land Speculators." 

The author of the pamphlet then goes on 
to give a description of his travels over the 
entire Cherokee Neutral Lands district. That 
part of his travels which relates to the lands 
now forming Cherokee County is here given 
in his own language : 

"There is considerable settlements on 
Lower Cow Creek and its tributaries. The 
towns of Neutral City and Pleasant View are 
located here on the military road. All the 
good timber is claimed by settlers, but many 
of these timbered claims are offered for sale 
cheap, and immense tracts of excellent prairie 
land lies here, yet unclaimed, inviting immi- 
gration. Mills and machinery of every de- 
scription is much needed here and would pay 
handsomely for such enterprise. 

"Went then to the Missouri line, fixing 
the point where Spring River enters (the 
state), and tracing it thence to where it makes 
its final exit from the Neutral Lands, locating 
its tributaries, Centre, Turkey, Short. Shoal, 
Shawnee, and Crooked Creeks. Spring River 
is a bold rapid stream of clear water, about 
one hundred and fifty feet wide, ten inches 
deep on the shoals at low water, running over 
a rocky and pebble bed, and affording great 
water power and fine mill seats. Shoal Creek, its 
principal tributary, is nearly as large as Spring 
River, and of the same character, affording 
the same advantages — both skirted by large 
bodies of good timber. The mill seats and 
timber claims on these streams are all taken 

up, some of them are offering for sale at from 
$1,200 to $2,000. 

"Timbered hills come quite down to 
Spring River on the side next to Missouri, 
along Shoal Creek, giving an abundance of 
mill timber. Enterprising men are erecting 
mills at and near the mouth of Shoal Creek, 
where the town of Lowell is laid out, which 
has superior advantages to build up a town. 
With unsurpassed water power, an inexhaust- 
ible supply of good timber in the midst of a 
great farming country, and bounded by Long 
and Tennessee prairies on the east, Round and 
Kretchfield prairies on the north, Spring River 
prairie on the south and the great fertile Neu- 
tral Lands on the west, is destined to make a 
considerable town in a few years. 

"Baxter, two miles south of Lowell, west 
side of Spring River, is a rival town. It at- 
tained a start and some note as a military post 
during the late war, but even with that start 
it cannot compete with Lowell for manufact- 
uring importance. 

"Wirtonia, located at the forks of Shaw- 
nee Creek, is another 'would-be town' like 
Neutral City and Pleasant View, boasts of two 
dwellings and a store, and all of them, with 
Baxter, are making pretensions for the future 
county seat of Cherokee County; but from 
their geographical positions, and the general 
wish of the settlers to locate the county seat 
in the center of the county, I predict that 
' neither of these places will get it. I would 
respectfully suggest Centralia as a proper 
place for the future county seat of Cherokee 
County. It is a beautiful and elevated point, 
commanding a very extensive view of the sur- 
rounding country. The soil of the Spring 
River country is generally a gray clay, grav- 
elly in places, and said to be excellent for small 

4 6 


grain. There is also fine tracts of black land 
in the valleys of Shawnee and Crooked Creeks, 
well adapted to raising corn. * * * The 
prairie near Spring River is rolling, with 
many beautiful mounds and gentle elevations, 
affording splendid building sites. * * * 
Many springs of pure and some of mineral, 
waters greet the traveler and emigrant to this 
country, that gives it a peculiar charm and fas- 
cinating interest. There is considerable set- 
tlement here; new houses dotting the prairie 
miles out from timber, indicating the indus- 
try, and great numbers of the hardy frontiers- 
men that have chosen these beautiful and fer- 
tile lands for their future homes, and yet there 
is room for four times as many more. 

"Crossed westward over the high ridge, or 
plain, that rises near Fort Scott, bending a 
little westward around the head of Drywood 
Creek runs thence — nearly due south the en- 
tire length of the Neutral Lands, terminating 
at the Blue Mounds in the government strip — 
the projected Kansas City and Mexican Gulf 
Railroad, by the way of Fort Scott and Fort 
Gibson, will probably be located on this ridge 
or plain, dividing, as it does, the streams that 
run southeast into Spring River from those 
that run southwest into the Neosho River. 

"This plain, or table land, is of so easy 
ascent and so broad that the traveler scarcely 
knows when he is on top of it, which is gently 
rolling * * * rising in places into mounds 
and promontories where limestone and sand- 
stone appear on the surface, and wide valleys 
with gentle slopes between them. 

"This vast prairie is generally good land — 
black, red and gray clay soil, gravelly in 
places, with occasional spots covered with an 
incrustation of evaporated white salicious mat- 
ter, miscalled 'alkali.' This vast prairie is al- 

most uninhabited, but it will not long remain 
so. as no part of it is too far from timber to 
haul lumber for building, and there are signs 
everywhere of stone coal to furnish fuel to 
the thousands of families who will find here 
the elements out of which to make comforta- 
ble homes * * *. 

"Continuing westward, traced Tar and 
Keel creeks to where they pass the southern 
boundary of Kansas into the Quap-paw lands. 
Tar Creek is covered in places with a black 
oily scum that oozes, out from its banks, indi- 
cating the presence of petroleum somewhere 
close by, perhaps in the coal beds underlying 
the high plain just described, whose black soil 
in many places looks greasy, which with this 
tar on the water warrants me in pronouncing 
this an oil region * * *. 

"Traced Fly, Maple, Lost and Cherry 
creeks and the Neosho River to the mouth 
of Lightning Creek, which is a curiosity in 
itself. The creek forks twice, and runs in 
every direction, the prongs crooking and wind- 
ing everyway and everywhere in dense tim- 

"The Neosho River is a sluggish, deep 
stream, about one hundred yards wide, of dirty 
looking water; it is fordable for one on horse- 
back sometimes, but it is not safe to cross at 
some of the fords, as its banks are boggy in 
places. There is a ferry near the mouth of 
the Lebet River, from which point down the 
Neosho may be made navigable for small 
boats in the winter and spring seasons. 

"The face of the country along the Neosho 
is nearly level ; immense marshes, caused by 
the overflow of the stream, extending along 
them for miles * * *. These marshes 
produce the finest grasses on which stock of 
ever)' kind keep in good condition 'the year 



round,' requiring very little feed or attention, 
and which, if cut in proper season, makes ex- 
cellent hay * * *. 

"The west half of Cherokee County is 
perhaps not so much settled as the east half, 
and the people take less interest in public mat- 
ters, such as securing the offices and getting 
the county seat over to their side of the county, 
but they are unanimously opposed to specula- 
tion in land in all its forms, and in favor of the 
county seat being made at the centre of the 
county, and like the people of Crawford Coun- 
ty are in favor of the county owning the sec- 
tion of land the future county seat will be 
built upon, which will give all the people an 
equal benefit of the increased price of town 
lots * * *. The general wish of the peo- 
ple of Cherokee County to have the county seat 
at the centre of the county, has induced some 
'patriotic' persons to claim the town site I 
have indicated on the map as Centralia, but 
these 'public spirited men' have misjudged 
the character of these honest, hardy frontiers- 
men if they think to speculate in this way, for 
if they are not willing to take a fair remunera- 
tion for the improvements they hold, or may 
claim to hold when the voice of the people 
shall demand it in the name of the county, 
they may be politely invited to leave the coun- 

After thus giving a running desciption of 
the country, which will enable the reader to 
get a generally fair idea of what it was before 
any implements of tillage were applied to dis- 
turb the virgin soil, the author proceeds to 
issue an "Invitation to Emigrants ;" and with 
the invitation he also lays down some sugges- 
tions to those who may be mindful of journey- 
ing to this goodly land. He also indulges in 
what some may term vituperative censure of 

the high officials of the day, who are mildly 
charged with conspiring against the interests 
of the people. Here is what he says : 

"Having got around to where I com- 
menced, completing the data to make a cor- 
rect map of the Neutral Lands, it is my duty 
to the people to extend to them the invitation 
of the settlers, to all who want homes to emi- 
grate to, and take possession of, these fine 
farm lands, which will strengthen the cause of 
the settlers against land speculators, and, by 
virtue of great numbers, command the respect 
of Congress, so as to get an act passed recog- 
nizing the rights of the settlers. 

"In the hope of contributing something to 
this end, I will state a few facts that all may 
know the unsearchable virtues ( ?) of some of 
our government officials who, in place of being 
our servants, try to become our masters. 

"The Commissioners who made the treaty 
with the Cherokee Indians, by which these 
lands were obtained for white settlement, in- 
serted two remarkable provisions in it, for 
reasons best known to themselves and those 
who sent them to make such treaty. One of 
these provisions is that 'no preemption or 
homestead claim shall be recognized, except 
improvements made before the treaty, July, 
1866!' when the country was occupied by In- 
dians and no white settlers in it. This pro- 
vision is contrary to existing laws making all 
unappropriated lands of the United States or 
Territories subject to the preemption and 
homestead laws; the other and most extraor- 
dinary provision of this treaty empowers the 
Secretary of the Interior to sell the whole 
eight hundred thousand acres in a body. This 
again is a violation of the laws regulating the 
sale of United States public lands in subdi- 
visions by the local land officers, for which all 



surveys are made. But these commissioners, 
like many others of the 'big fish' of our times, 
do not regard the laws or care what becomes 
of the 'small fry,' where there is a chance of 
getting rich by violating law and the plain 
principles of justice, if there is any possibility 
of succeeding in such unprincipled villainy. 
I don't make any charges against those silk 
stocking government gentlemen ; but I ask 
all sensible men if these unusal, unnecessary 
and unlawful changes in the manner of dispos- 
ing of public lands don't look like these com- 
missioners and the Secretary of the Interior 
designed to perpetrate a monstrous fraud by 
a wholesale robbery of the frontiersmen, 
whom they knew would emigrate to and fill 
up these fine farming lands as soon as the In- 
dians should remove from them? 

"In conformity with the provisions of this 
treaty Mr. Secretary of the Interior sold the 
whole eight hundred thousand acres of land 
in a body to an 'Emigrant Aid Society,' of 
which perhaps he was president ! This sale 
was declared illegal, and broken by the Attor- 
ney General, but the philanthropic Secretary 
was resolved to exercise all the power vested 
in him by the treaty, as it was too good a 
chance to 'serve the country' and make a 
splendid fortune by the operation, so he sold 
it to a Railroad Company ; and the sale was 
again broken on the same grounds and the 
secretary was removed from office. 

"Now, this treaty has in it illegal pro- 
visions, and all action taken under it declared 
illegal by the Supreme Court, and meanwhile 
these lands are being rapidly filled up with 
settlers, it will require an act of Congress to 
dispose of the lands, and as many of our Con- 
gressman are leading railroad men, known to 
be making efforts to get these lands, the set- 

tlers have much cause of alarm, and are fear- 
ful that they may be robbed of their little im- 
provements by the liberality of our too liberal 
Congress, who may take a notion to vote 
themselves another empire of good farm land, 
under the pretense of 'aiding the construction 
of some railroad' * * *. 

"Now, as the land speculating government 
officials have great advantage of the settlers 
in the treaty, and as they are poor and too 
few to expect justice in the disposal of these 
lands by Congress, they are all anxious for 
immigration to settle up the country this fall, 
so that our virtuous law makers may not dis- 
regard and trample upon their rights. I 
would respectively advise all who want homes 
to go to the Cherokee Neutral Lands at once, 
leave the women and children where they are, 
two or more men associate together and take 
provisions enough to last while they are build- 
ing a house, each helping the other, — and cut 
hay for winter, then return and bring your 
families to their new homes. None need fear 
that they will not get homes, some may not 
get timber lands, but all can get good lands. 
The people in this devoted country are orga- 
nized into clubs, and are doing all that they 
can to prevent these lands from falling into 
the hands of railroad or other speculating com- 
panies ; they are holding meetings, getting up 
petitions, passing resolutions, etc." 

Some person, whose name was not given, 
has sent me another pamphlet, the title of 
which is, — "Manifesto of the People of the 
Cherokee Neutral Lands." It is somewhat 
lengthy, and it is signed by C. C. McDowell, 
W. R. Laughlin. A. Perry and C. Dana Say- 
ers, the first two from Cherokee County, and 
the others from Crawford County. There is 
no date to the pamphlet; but the subject mat- 



ter indicates that it was within the period 
known as the "troublous times" in Cherokee 
and Crawford Counties. The pamphlet is in 
the same tone of the preceding paragraphs, 
speaking out clear and emphatic as to the in- 
justice to which the settlers believed them- 
selves shamefully subjected. From their view 
point, the action of the government was unjust 
and in utter disregard of the rights of the 
people. The document starts out something 
in the vein of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Some of the paragraphs are here given : 

"In view of the many false statements that 
have been published throughout the country, 
by the monopolists in regard to the legal 
standing of the Cherokee Neutral Lands case, 
and also as to acts charged against the settlers 
on this tract, justice requires that the world 
should know the truth. It has been thought 
proper, by the people, through the under- 
signed selected committee, to set forth to all 
whom it may concern, and especially to the 
working and thinking, common people of the 
United States, the real state of affairs here, 
with some of the facts and arguments in favor 
of the settlers. 

"We feel confident that if this case is prop- 
erly understood by the people of our country, 
it will be seen to involve several issues more im- 
portant and far-reaching than the mere ques- 
tion of title to a tract of land, as between two 
claimants; questions bearing directly and pow- 
erfully upon the rights of American citizens, to 
protection by laws already standing on the 
statute books of the nation and of the State; 
as against monopolies, individual or corporate. 

"The settlers on the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands are asking for no new or strange condi- 
tions, concessions or guaranties, no special fa- 

vors, no local discriminations. We ask only 
the honest carrying out of the land policy of 
our government, and of laws which stand yet 
unrepealed, and that no public man or politi- 
cal party shall be permitted to openly violate. 
We have been industriously stigmatized 
through subsidized newspapers, by anony- 
mous, penny-a-line publications, as trespass- 
ers, outlaws, murderers, and so forth, to the 
exhaustion of the vocabulary of moderately 
genteel Billingsgate. Hired emissaries have 
been, and still are being, sent among us to 
create division and confusion. Money has 
been, and still is being, lavished here and else- 
where, with the hope of overcoming us; the 
settlement of our country has been kept back; 
citizens have been harrassed by many malic- 
ious arrests and arbitrary 'bindings-over' to 
appear at court, not sustained by one particle 
of proper evidence, done by a justice of the 
peace who is a mere tool of Joy & Com- 
pany, and who does not live on the Neutral 
Lands. One of our number, Jeremiah Mur- 
phy, has been foully murdered by an assas- 
sin, and only because he was a Leaguer. Sev- 
eral others of our prominent men have been 
threatened with the same fate. Harrison 
McGinnis, one of our most resolute men 
was shot at twice, in Baxter Springs, 
while he was under arrest and disarmed 
and he saved himself only by his remarkable 
presence of mind. His would-be murderer 
was allowed to escape. To cap the climax, 
troops have been sent here, when their only 
possible errand was to aid the monopolists 
in preventing an appeal to Congress or to 
the courts, on the part of the settlers. No 
officer has been arrested, nor even ob- 
structed in the performance of his duty as 



an officer; no state of anarchy has existed 
here; no man has been murdered or robbed 
by the Leaguers or other settlers. 

"Let those whom it mostly concerns answer 
the question, 'Why are troops stationed on 
the Neutral Lands?' We may be unable just 
now to draw out an answer; but the time will 
come when higher authority than brought them 
here will demand the reason. There are but 
a few easily taken steps between the present 
state of affairs on the Cherokee Neutral Lands 
and the condition of countries where political 
meetings and other primary assemblies of the 
people are prevented or dispersed at the point 
of the bayouet. Farmers, men and women of 
the workshops, the factories and the mines in 
the United States, a blow at our rights as 
American citizens is a blow at yours. If capi- 
talists can this year prostitute the military 
power of the nation, on the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands, other capitalists can do the same in 
Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania or 
Ohio next year! The vast success of specula- 
tors during the last six or eight years, in build- 
ing up powerful monopolies and corporations, 
by having special privileges granted them, and 
in robbing the people of bonds and of public 
lands, under the pretext of aiding railroads, has 
alarmed thinking men. Fortunes unheard of 
in the good old days have been extorted from 
the producers of the nation by adventurers who, 
during the hurry and distraction of the war, 
wormed themselves into places where their 
votes or official action gave them opportunity 
for plunder. Success has made cowardly 
thieves bold and defiant. The strength which 
lies in ill-gotten millions makes weak men 
strong. The power of money is cumulative; 
and common sympathy between successful men 
is fast building up an aristocracy which threat- 

ens us and our posterity, our institutions and 
our very form of government. 

"In 1803 our government bought from 
France what has since been known as the Lou- 
isiana Purchase, of which the Cherokee Neu- 
tral Lands are an integral part. After Missouri 
became a state, and its western counties were 
being settled for the protection of its inhabi- 
tants, the government treated with the Osage 
Indians for this tract of land, with the stipula- 
tion that neither the Indians nor the whites 
should occupy the same, thus placing a strip 
fifty miles north and south, by twenty-five miles 
east and west as a barrier between the white 
and the red men. So it remained until the 
treaty-making power gave the Cherokee In- 
dians the right to occupy the tract. In 1866 
by a 'treaty,' the Cherokee Indians gave back 
the land to the United States, and attempted 
to do so, 'in trust,' and to empower the Secre- 
tary of the Interior to sell the lands for them. 
One of the last official acts of Secretary Har- 
lan, then at the head of the Interior Depart- 
ment, was to sell as much of the tract as was 
not occupied by actual settlers at the date of 
the treaty, to the American Emigrant Com- 
pany, for one dollar an acre; but Secretary 
Browning, on assuming the office, procured 
the opinion of Attorney General Stanberry 
that Harlan's sale was 'illegal and void;' and 
on that opinion set the sale aside. Browning 
then proceeded to sell the residue of the tract 
not occupied by settlers at the date of the treaty, 
to James F. Joy, of Detroit, Michigan, at one 
dollar and a quarter an acre. The American 
Emigrant Company threatened litigation ; and 
matters remained in secret negotiation until 
June 6, 1868, when, to the utter surprise of the 
settlers, a supplemental treaty was put through 
the Senate, which assumed to cancel Mr. Joy's 



contract with Browning, and to assign to him 
the contract of the American Emigrant Com- 
pany. Such is a very brief outline of the 
strange transactions by which the 'rings' cast 
lots for the garments of the settlers, and pro- 
pose to divide among themselves the gains of 
this most infamous of all 'jobs' for robbing the 
settlers of the West. 

"During the administration of President 
Buchanan a considerable number of families, 
attracted by the beauty and fertility, and the 
genial climate of this section of the country, and 
finding no opposition from any source, came 
upon these lands. For political reasons a 
movement was set on foot to remove these set- 
tlers. Soldiers, without any proper authority, 
were brought here, and a few worthless build- 
ings were burned. The indignation of the set- 
tlers, at such unwarranted proceedings, was 
such that the soldiers desisted from their work 
of ejectment, and the citizens sent a delegation 
to see President Buchanan. He told them to 
return to their homes and occupy them ; told 
them to encourage the settlement of the coun- 
try, and that the land would soon come in under 
the preemption law. The soldiers whom poli- 
ticians had procured to be sent here were with- 
drawn, and the settlement of the country 
went on. 

"During the Rebellion the Neutral Lands 
were held alternately by the two parties, the 
settlers not being able safely to remain at their 
homes. Thousands of Union soldiers cam- 
paigned back and forth over these lands ; and 
when the war was over thousands of them 
brought their families here to make homes. 
The Indians directly and indirectly encouraged 
the settlement of the country. 

"In March, 1866, President Johnson wrote 
us : 'Go on and settle it up and make a country 

of it, and you shall be protected in the home- 
stead and preemption right.' Senators Lane, 
Pomeroy and Ross, by many letters, some of 
which are yet preserved, stimulated our occu- 
pation of the country, and assured the settlers 
of their safety, under the land policy and the 
laws of the nation. 

"The fall of 1866 saw several thousand 
families occupying claims, some in such rude, 
temporary shanties as they could erect, some 
in tents, and some under wagon covers only. 
From their former homes many of the people 
had brought a few choice cattle; but that fall 
four-fifths of these fell victims to the 'Texas 
fever,' brought here in the herds of cattle 
driven from the South. February and March, 
1867, proved very hard on the few remaining 
cattle and on the horses of the settlers. With- 
out grain and sufficient shelter, many of the 
hay-fed animals perished in the sleet and cold 
rain storms of the season. Disaster seemed to 
attend the settlement of the land, and many of 
the faint hearted became discouraged and went 
elsewhere; but an intelligent appreciation of 
the country itself, and an abiding trust in the 
government, that the homes they were strug- 
gling for would be secured to them and their 
families, sustained the more stable of the set- 
tlers through all their trials and anchored them 
fast to the country of their choice. The few 
patches of sod corn planted in 1867 produced 
very well, but only a small fraction of what the 
people needed. Every nerve was strained to 
get in as large a crop as possible in the spring 
of 1868, and the coming of 'garden truck' and 
the ripening of the corn was looked to with 
earnest hope, as a time of relief from a pressure 
which, because of its weight and duration and 
the inability of the people to stand it, had be- 
come simply terrible. And yet upon this added 



misfortune came. About the middle of June 
there came the worst drought that Southern 
Kansas ever knew. Corn everywhere was a 
failure, and, as but little small grain had been 
sown, there was scarcely any relief. The grass 
was short, thin and parched, so that only a lit- 
tle of very poor hay could be made. Under 
these circumstances nothing but a most favor- 
able winter could save the people from further 
calamity ; but that mercy came, and the people 
were saved. Stock wintered well on the range ; 
but how the people managed to live is known 
only to themselves. The half of the story of 
the winter of 1868-69 will never be told. 

"Fully to expose Mr. Joy's bad faith, in his 
attempted dealings with our people, would re- 
quire much of our and the reader's time. 
Briefly, his course, from first to last, has been 
marked by the very essence of despotism, and 
by an utter disregard of our rights. Evidently 
he has supposed that he could play the mission- 
ary, the benefactor and the guardian, believing 
that we could not see through the velvet which 
concealed the claw, the sheepskin which cov- 
ered the wolf or the thin coating of the sugar- 
covered pill which he had with so much care 
prepared for us." 

The committee, after going on at much 
length as to the treaty through which the Che- 
rokee Indians passed their lands to the United 
States, in trust, have this to say : 

"We hold, in short, that the whole transac- 
tion is a base swindle, not only upon the whites, 
but also upon the Indians themselves, and that, 
in the language of the opinions given by Judge 
William Lawrence, Hon. George W. Julian, 
Gen. Benjamin F. Butler and Judge William 
Johnson, January 28, 1869, 'We hold, there- 
fore, that the sale of the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands to James F. Joy, is void ; that any patent 

which may be issued to him will be void ; that 
the purchaser from him will acquire no valid 
title. * * * To remove all doubt, it is 
further our opinion that Congress has the 
power, and that it is a duty, to abrogate, by 
law, so much of the municipal regulation of the 
Cherokee treaty as purports to authorize a 
sale.' We ask all thinking, honest men and 
women thoroughly to investigate not only this 
case, but this general, wholesale and shameless 
disposal of the people's lands to railroads and 
other monopolies. The public domain is the 
heritage of all the people. We ask whether 
this robbery of the* people shall be permitted 
to go on, until monopolies, always aggressive, 
aristocratic and oppressive, shall have coutrol 
of the Legislature of every State in the Union, 
and of the government of the United States 
itself, or whether you will join us in our effort 
to stop it now and to overthrow it forever. To 
this end we petition you, for we deem the dan- 
ger imminent. Aristocracy never did, in any 
age or nation, so flourish, except when based 
upon the soil; but if we read the signs of the 
times aright, this extensive engrossment of the 
public domain by a few, is the result of an aris- 
tocratic tendency in this government, which if 
not defeated will prove as destructive of our in- 
stitutions as a dissolution of the L'nion, or as 
a successful foreign war would be. It is 
equally true that republican institutions, in or- 
der to flourish, must be based upon the soil. 
They cannot stand upon any narrow founda- 
tion. The people to be free, must own the 
soil. As well might we attempt to pull down 
the sun from heaven, or to do any other impos- 
sible thing, as to attempt to maintain free in- 
stitutions of government upon any other or 
different principles than liberty for all, and a 
division of the public domain at least among 



all the people who wish to cultivate the same, 
in small areas, each family being sole lord and 
proprietor of its little spot of earth, sufficient 
to feed, clothe, educate and provide for the 
household ; for in whatever country or neigh- 
borhood the lands are in the hands of the few, 
there will be found serfs, toiling men and 
women irredeemably poor. The Congress, as 
well as the court, has the power to undo our 
wrongs, and the House of Representatives, to 
its honor let it be said, has twice resolved that 
it shall be done, while the Senate has as often 
tabled the resolution. Many of the ablest and 
best Senators, however, are in our favor, and 
will, we believe, concur with the House in what 
it is trying to do. 

"The West is being smothered by land 
monopoly. Principality after principality has 
been bestowed upon corporations of the most 
gigantic proportions, and the progress is on- 
ward, with a vigor increased by every success- 
ful grab of the people's heritage. The govern- 
ment no longer purchases the Indian's title of 
occupancy, and allows the pioneer to settle upon 
it, under the homestead and pre-emption laws ; 
but railroad companies purchase the Indian 
lands for a mere song, that they may wring 
untold millions of money from one of the most 
useful and energetic classes of the citizens of 
the United States. 

"The departure from the land policy of the 
government began in 1861. At that time S. C. 
Pomeroy entered the United States Senate, 
from Kansas, as the standard bearer of a party 
which from every stump had sent up the cry, 
'Free homesteads for the landless millions.' He 
was at that time a man of moderate means. 
Follow him for a few years. In 1865 we find 
him as president of the Atchison & Pike's 
Peak Railroad Company. A treaty was carried 

by him through the Senate, by which that com- 
pany purchased 123,832 acres of rich land in 
Kansas, embracing the beautiful Kickapoo Res- 
ervation, thirty miles west of the city of Atchi- 
son, for a mere song. The reservations of the 
Sac and Fox tribes, those of the Kansas, Dela- 
ware, Ottowa and Kickapoo tribes, and the 
Cherokee Neutral Lands have all' passed into 
the hands of railroad corporations and other 
speculating companies, and Pomeroy has been 
the 'Big Injin' of the whole ring. From the 
day he was clothed with Senatprial honors, he 
has been energetic and unscrupulous in subvert- 
ing the policy of our government, with regard 
to the public lands. Congress has granted fifty- 
seven million acres of the public domain to 
various Western and Southern railroad com- 
panies since 1861 ; and the Pacific Railroad 
Company has been granted one hundred and 
twenty-four million acres. The commissioners 
of the General Land Office, speaking of these 
immense grants of land which properly be- 
longs to all the people, that it 'is of empire ex- 
tent, exceeding, in the aggregate, by more than 
five million acres, the entire area of the six 
New England States, with New York, New- 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Delaware, Mary- 
land and Virginia.' " 

The people during the times of anxiety, 
when they were having trouble with James F. 
Joy, concerning land titles and their rights 
under the claims which they had taken in 
Cherokee County, left no means unemployed 
that offered even a showing of aid. They held 
meetings, passed resolutions, drew up and 
signed petitions, pubkshed articles in the 
friendly newspapers and besought their Repre- 
sentatives in Congress and their Senators at 
Washington to help them in gaining the mas- 
tery over their adversaries. They appealed 



to every motive that could move men to help 
their fellows who were in distress. I have 
before me a letter, written by Hon. William 
Lawrence, of Ohio, to A. V. Peters, an elder 
brother of W. H. Peters, one of the present 
county commissioners of Cherokee County. 
Mr. Peters was a captain in the Federal Army, 
in an Ohio regiment, and having a personal 
acquaintance with Judge Lawrence, who was 
then a member of Congress, from that State, 
he hoped that some good might be obtained 
at his hands, in getting a settlement of the 
troubles which had so long disturbed the peo- 
ple here. The letter, copied from the original, 
is given below : 

House of Representatives, 
Washington, D. C, April 13, 1S68. 
A. V. Peters, Esq. : 

Yours of the 1st inst. is received. I thank you for 
the approving words you wrote in reference to my 
efforts in behalf of the poor and landless people of the 
country. I am their friend. They need friends. If 
we do not stop this scheme of delivering over the 
public lands to speculators, the poor of the country are 
doomed to toil and poverty, with no home wherein 
to dwell. Yon, and the true men like you, have a 
remedy. It is not merely in writing letters. Call meet- 
ings, pass resolutions and demand action of Congress. 
Send them to every Senator and Representative. De- 
nounce their treaties 1 which seek to rob the poor. They 
are all void. Net one good land title can be made 
under them. But if they go on, Congress will, after a 
while, ratify them. Now is your time to strike. Do 
not delay an hour. Kansas is deeply interested. Let 
Kansas be heard. But if you rest in peace, all will be 
lost. My efforts will do no good, unless you people 
come up to the rescue. The men who speculate under 
these treaties, and crowd God's poor away from homes 
on God"s earth, are powerful, active and busy. Every 
county in Kansas should speak out for her people. 
Will you do so? Let me hear. 


William Lawrence. 

Captain Peters also wrote to Gen. John A. 

Logan, who was at that time a member of the 
House of Representatives. General Logan 
answered briefly. The original letter is before 
me, and of it the following is a copy : 

House of Representatives, 

Washington, D. C, June 13, 1868. 
A. V. Peters, Esq., Petersville, Kansas 

My Dear Sir — Your letter of June 4 is received. In 
reply I will state, with pleasure, that I agree with you 
fully, in reference to the just claims of our soldiers 
and sailors, upon the gratitude of the government. I 
am in favor of giving them who fought our battles 
an opportunity to select homes which shall embrace 
both convenience and value. I will keep your sugges- 
tions in mind. As an opportunity may offer wherein 
it would be of service to our friends, I am always 
glad to aid in any enterprise which has in view the 
soldiers' interest. 

Yours very truly, 

John A. Logan. 

The troubles of the people were not over, 
even when they had come to know their condi- 
tion with respect to the Joy land matter, and 
were settling down to accept it. It seemed that 
they, like many communities in the West and in 
the South, had to have their experience with the 
bond-sharks who were abroad in the land for a 
good many years following the close of the war. 
Salamanca township, which includes the city of 
Columbus, early voted bonds, in aid of a rail- 
road company. The bonds were issued and de- 
livered to the company, and the company sold 
them to an "innocent purchaser," who was in 
the market for such securities. The road was 
never built : but the courts held that the bonds 
were good, and that the people would have to 
pay them. I have before me a small pamphlet, 
written by William C. Wilson, into whose 
hands the bonds finally fell. It is addressed, 
"To the Law-Abiding People of Cherokee 
County," but it bears no date. The following is 
the preface to the pamphlet : 



The municipal township of Salamanca, having de- 
faulted in the payment of interest on its bonds held by 
me, the United States Circuit Court gave judgment and 
peremptory mandamus, commanding your county com- 
missioners to levy a tax to pay the same; but as they 
'•unlawfully, contemptuously and oppressively'' refused 
to do so, the court incarcerated them in jail for thirty 

I also brought suit against them, personally, in a 
civil action for damages, and a Kansas jury awarded 
me a verdict for the small sum of $500 and costs ; upon 
which their attorneys made a motion for a new trial, 
which, after argument by Messrs. Webb, Ritter and 
Williams, was emphatically overruled by Judge Foster. 

As the people of Salamanca, "in mass meeting as- 
sembled," after parading to the music of a brass band, 
resolved that they would not patronize any paper that 
would publish any communication from me, and as there 
is a conspiracy and confederation to prevent the pay- 
ment of money lawfully owing to me, and also to hood- 
wink the people and keep them in ignorance of the 
true condition of affairs, freedom of speech and of 
the press being no longer tolerated in the mob-ridden 
city of Columbus, I herewith send you Judge Foster's 
opinion, and the charge of Judge Krekel, to the grand 
jury, upon combinations to repudiate debts and to re- 
sist the laws of the land. I do this in the hope that the 
time may speedily come when the honest, intelligent and 
wealthy people of Cherokee County will say to their 
commissioners, "We can no longer allow you to bring 
reproach upon our good name, by toadying to the 
defaulters of Salamanca township, as there is no good 
reason why they should not pay their honest debts." 
Yours truly, 

William C. Wilson. 

The author of the pamphlet then sets out 
the opinion of Judge Foster, which is as fol- 
lows : 


William C. Wilson ) 

versus > No. 4362. 

R. W. Vaughn, John Russell and W. E. ) 
November Term, 1884.— Filed March 4, 1885. 

Bottsford & Williams, for Plaintiff. 
Ritter & Anderson, for Defendants. 


Opinion by Foster, J. : 

This action was brought by the plaintiff against the 
defendants, who are the commissioners of the County 
of Cherokee, to recover damages for a wilful refusal, 
on the part of the said commissioners, to levy a tax 
on the taxable property of Salamanca township, in 
said county, to pay off a judgment held by plaintiff 
against said township, in obedience to a peremptory writ 
of mandamus from this court. 

The recovery of the judgment, the issue and service 
of the writ commanding the levy of the tax, and the 
wilful disobedience thereof by the defendants, were 
admitted on the trial, and two of the defendants, on 
the witness stand, testified that it was not their pur- 
pose to levy the tax hereafter. 

The plaintiff claimed, as his damages, the full 
amount for which the writ was issued, about $19,000. 
On the trial, the court instructed the jury as fol- 

"Gentlemen of the Jury : 

"In this case, under the pleadings and evidence, 
the plaintiff is entitled to recover against the defend- 
ants, as it was clearly the duty of the defendants to 
levy the tax as commanded in the peremptory man- 
damus, and which they wilfully refused to do. 

"The plaintiff is entitled to recover his actual dam- 
ages sustained by reason of such failure and refusal of 
the defendants. But, inasmuch as he has not lost his 
debt or judgment, or any part thereof, and as there is 
evidence to show that the debtor township is fully able 
to respond to his debt, and that the refusal of the de- 
fendants to levy the tax has only delayed the collec- 
tion of his debt and the accruing interest, his dam- 
ages are, consequently, presumed to be but nominal, 
and you will so find in your verdict. 

"In this case there is also another element of dam- 
ages under which the plaintiff may recover, and that is 
exemplary or punitive damages. The action of the 
defendants, to say nothing of being contemptuous disre- 
gard of the mandate of this court, was oppressive to 
the plaintiff and a clear and wilful violation of his legal 
rights, and in my opinion presents a case for considera- 
tion of exemplary damages on the part of the plaintiff 
against the defendants. I can not lay down any definite 
rule to govern you in fixing these damages. They are 
given by the law as a punishment for an aggravated 
violation of plaintiff's rights, and they should be such 
as, under all the circumstances and facts shown, are 
commensurate with the offense; and this, you gentle- 



men, in the exercise of your sound judgment, are to 
fix and determine under the evidence produced in the 

"The court instructs the jury that this being an 
action of that in which defendants' refusal was wilful, 
continuous and unlawful, you are at liberty to award 
plaintiff exemplary damages against defendants, in addi- 
tion to the damages awarded as and by way of com- 
pensation to plaintiff. The court instructs the jury that, 
in the issues made by the pleadings, and on the uncon- 
tradicted evidence in the case, your verdict must be for 
the plaintiff, finding the issues in his favor." 

The jury returned a verdict for plaintiff, $500; and 
the defendants now move the court to set aside the ver- 
dict and grant a new trial for error of law in the said 
instructions to the jury. The particular excepted to is 
that part of the charge in reference to exemplary or 
punitive damages. The defendants claim that as the 
compensatory or actual damages sustained by plaintiff 
were but nominal, he can not recover exemplary dam- 
ages. In support of this rule counsel have cited two 
cases : Stacy versus Portland Publishing Company, 68 
Maine 287 ; and Maxwell versus Kennedy, 50 Wis. 647. 

The former case was an action for libel, and the 
latter for slander. In the action for libel, the trial 
court refused to instruct for plaintiff for exemplary 
damages co nomine, but told the jury they might add as 
actual damages for any elements of aggravated injury 
occasioned by the express malice of the person who 
published the article complained of. 

The jury gavetheplaintiff one dollar damages, and 
the court refused to reverse the case and remarked, 
among other things, as follows : "Taking the case as it 
resulted, we are satisfied that the plaintiff has sus- 
tained no injury in this respect. The legal significa- 
tion of the verdict is, either that there was no actual 
and express malice entertained toward plaintiff, by 
the defendant's agent, or that, if there was, it did the 
plaintiff no injury. 

In the slander case, the trial court instructed the 
jury that certain mitigating circumstances shown by 
defendant should be considered by them in reduction 
of compensatory damages only, and not exemplary 
damages. The appellate court held this to be error; 
that no distinction should have been made between 
the two classes of damages in respect to mitigation. 
Both cases support the rule contended for by these 
defendants, in case of this kind. Whether that doc- 
trine may generally be regarded as accepted law in 
such cases, I have not sufficiently examined the books 
to form an opinion; but if such is the fact, I do not 

think that the rule can be applicable to a case of 
this kind. 

In Day versus Woodworth, 13 How., 371, the Su- 
preme Court laid down the law as follows : "It is a well 
established principle of the common law, that in actions 
for trespass and all actions in cases for tort, a jury 
may inflict what are called exemplary, punitive or vin- 
dictive damages upon a defendant, having in view the 
enormity of his offense, rather than the measure of 
compensation to the plaintiff. * * * By the com- 
mon, as well as by statutory law, men are often pun- 
ished for aggravated misconduct or lawless acts, by 
means of a civil action, and the damages, inflicted by 
the way of penalty or punishment, given to the party 

In Milwaukee Railroad Company versus Armes. gr 
U. S., 493, the court, speaking of damages, says: "In 
ascertaining its extent the jury may consider all the 
facts that relate to the wrongful act of the defendant, 
and its consequence to the plaintiff; but they are not 
at liberty to go farther, unless it was done wilfully or 
was the result of that reckless indifference to the rights 
of others which is equivalent to an intentional viola- 
tion of them. In such case the jury are authorized, for 
the sake of public example, to give such additional dam- 
ages as the circumstances require. The tort is aggra- 
vated by the evil motive, and on this rests the rule of 
exemplary damages." 

The Supreme Court of Kansas has held, in a case of 
trespass quare clausum fregit, that exemplary damages 
may be recovered where the compensatory damages are 
but nominal. Hefley versus Baker, 19 Kan., 9. 

Southerland on Damages, Vol. I, pages 724-748, 
states the rule, in the following language: "If a wrong 
is done wilfully; that is, if a tort is committed delib- 
erately, or by wilful negligence, with a present con- 
sciousness of invading another's rights, or of exposing 
him to injury, an undoubted case is presented for ex- 
emplary damages. One who does an act maliciously 
must be careful to see that the act is lawful; other- 
wise, though the actual injury may be slight, the 
exemplary damages may be considerable." 

In the case at bar the plaintiff is deprived of a clear 
legal right, through the wrongful and wilful conduct 
of the defendants. They alone have the power to levy 
the tax, and it is their duty, under the law and 
the command of the court, to levy it. By no other 
means can the plaintiff obtain his rights, and it cannot 
be denied that the action of the defendants is wrongful 
and oppressive. It was held by the court that the plain- 
tiff's compensatory damages are but nominal, as he has 



not lost his debt, but has only suffered delay in its col- 
lection. But it is in the power of these defendants, and 
their successors in office, by defying the law, to delay 
him indefinitely in its collection. It is said that the de- 
fendants can be, and have been, punished for contempt 
in refusing to obey the writ of mandamus. That is 
true ; but that punishment is not to be reduced to the 
wrong done the plaintiff, but it must rather vindicate 
the dignity and authority of the court. 

The defendants have been committed to the cus- 
tody of the marshal, for imprisonment, until they com- 
ply with the demands of the writ ; but in a community 
where the popular sentiment is all adverse to levying 
the tax, it is likely that the imprisonment of the defend- 
ants, like the plaintiff's compensatory damages, would 
be but nominal. A tax-ridden people are deserving of 
sympathy, especially when the burden has been fraudu- 
lently imposed, though it was done by the dishonesty 
of their own agent; but neither courts nor communities 
can afford to deny to any orator the exact letter of his 
legal rights, and it is not a pleasant or consistent thing 
to inveigh against nullification of the laws and cry out 
"law and order," and, in the same breath, applaud nul- 
lification, lawlessness and disorder. 

The motion to set aside the verdict and for a new 
trial must be overruled. 

On the back page of the pamphlet Mr. Wil- 
son quotes a charge which Judge Krekel, of the 
United States Circuit Court of the Western 
District of Missouri, gave a grand jury, at 
Jefferson City, on the subject of repudiation. 
The charge is quoted, no doubt, in the hope that 
the people of Cherokee County who might read 
his pamphlet would be indirectly warned 
against any further attempt at obstructing the 
processes of the court. The charge of Judge 
Krekel is here given : 


Instructions to the Grand Jury. 

Resistance or interference with the execution of the 

laws of the United States, in many instances, takes the 

shape of interfering with the processes of the courts ; 

and as offenses of the kind come within your jurisdic- 

tion, it will be your duty to examine and pass upon 
these cases that may come before you. 

In order to commit an offense of the class referred 
to it is not necessary that the offender should present 
a gun, a pistol, or by any other direct means put the 
officer intrusted with the execution of the law or pro- 
cess of court into terror, but it may be done by indirect 
means, such as assembling in large numbers, acting and 
cooperating and by means of threats, or otherwise to 
overawe the officer and interfere with the discharge of 
his duty. 

Thus a large number of persons may assemble and, 
by means of combinations and agreements not to bid 
for property offered for sale, and by threatening those 
who come for the purpose of bidding, with bodily harm, 
cause them not to bid. All such means the law de- 
nounces as interfering with its execution, and not to 
speak of the possible individual liability to those 
thus damaged. The law will not permit the judg- 
ments of its courts to be defeated by such means. 

To tolerate such interference, without punishment, 
would be aiding in bringing about a demoralization 
which, while today may demonstrate its power for evil 
in resisting processes of the court, will to-morrow re- 
sist the government in its proper functions - , not to 
speak of the utter disregard implied as to individual 
rights. The highest duty of the citizen, and his greatest 
interest, is that the law be obeyed and its violators 
punished, for on this he must ultimately depend for 
the protection of his person and property. 

Jeremiah Luckey, of Salamanca township, 
has recently sent me a number of old papers 
relating to early affairs in Cherokee county. 
Among these is a "Notice to Settlers on the 
'Joy Purchase' of the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands." I here give it in full : 

General Agency. 

Fort Scott, Kansas, December 18, 1868. 
Notice is hereby given that all persons who have 
made settlement and continued to reside on the Chero- 
kee Neutral Lands, between the nth day of August, 
1866, and the 10th of June, 1868, will be permitted to 
make entry at this office, of the lands occupied by them 
June 10, 1868, and at the date of entry; that the same 
may be held secure from sale to other purchasers. 



In order to prevent delay or detention of the set- 
tlers at this office, in making entry of their lands, we 
have arranged to receive proofs, by townships, com- 
mencing with those nearest this office, during certain 
days herein specified; and all persons failing to make 
such entry, before or during the time herein named, re- 
spectively, will be understoood as waiving all privilege 
to purchase at the proposed rates of Mr. Joy, unless it 
shall be shown, by satisfactory proof, that such delay 
was unavoidable. Only one witness is necessary, in ad- 
dition to claimant's affidavit, to establish a claim for 
entry, such witness knowing that claimant resided upon 
the tract claimed, prior to June 10, 1868, of his contin- 
ued residence thereon. 

In case of transfer, the evidence must show that 
the purchaser has been an occupant since his purchase 
from such recognized claimant. As soon as the entries 
are closed the lands will be valued, and by the first of 
March, next, a schedule of prices prepared, so that con- 
tracts may be made with settlers after that date. No 
contracts will be made prior to that date, except upon 
such lands as are known to be occupied, or where the 
settler has waived his right, and then only under spe- 
cial instructions. 

That portion known as "The Eight Mile Strip," 
being six miles off the south end of Bourbon County 
and two miles off the north end of Crawford County, 
towit: Townships 26 and 27, Ranges 21, 22, 23, 24 
and 25, will be entered during December 21, 22, 23, 24 
and 26, 1868. Township 28, Ranges 21, 22, 23, 24 and 
25, will be entered before or during December 28, 29 
and 30, 1S68, and January 4, 5, 6 and 7, 1869. Town- 
ship 29, Ranges 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25, will be entered 
during or before January 8, 9, 11, 12, 13 and 14, 1869. 
Township 30, Ranges 21, 22, 23, 24 and 25, will be en- 
tered during or before January 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22 
and 23, 1869. Township 31, Ranges 21, 22, 23, 24 and 
25, will be entered during or before January 25, 26, 27, 
28, 29 and 30, 1869. Township 32, Ranges 21, 22, 23, 
24 and 25, will be entered during or before February 
J , 2 > 3, 4, S and 6, 1869. Township 33, Ranges 21, 22, 
23, 24 and 25, will be entered during or before Febru- 
ary 8, 9, 10, II, 12 and 13, 1S69. Township 34, Ranges 
21, 22, 23, 24 and 25, will be entered February 15, 16, 
17, 18, 19 and 20, 1869. Township 35, Ranges 21, 22, 
23, 24 and 25, will be entered February 22, 23, 24, 25 
26 and 27, 1869. 

Settlers must be prepared with the numbers of 

their lands', that there may be no unnecessary delay in 
preparing their proof. 

John T. Cox, 
General Agent. 

Among the papers sent me by Mr. Luckey is 
a circular addressed, "To the Voters of Chero- 
kee County," and signed by "Many Voters." It 
is dated January 31, 1869, and it relates to the 
election then to be held February 16, 1869, for 
the purpose of ascertaining whether the people 
wanted the county seat to remain at Baxter 
Springs or to be moved to Columbus. I have 
elsewhere given an account of that election. 
The following is the circular, in full : 


To the Voters of Cherokee County : 

At the regular session of the Board of County 
Commissioners, held in Junuary, last, a special elec- 
tion was ordered to be held on the 16th day of Feb- 
ruary, 1869, to vote upon the question of removal and 
permanent location of the county seat. 

Under the law providing for the same, 603 peti- 
tioners, legal electors, were necessary in order for the 
board to call an election. The number of petitioners 
presented was 862. The petition of one township, 
signed by forty voters, did not get in, making the en- 
tire number of electors calling for the election over 
900. The total number of votes cast in the county, at 
the presidential election in November, last, was 1.349, 
showing that a majority of 447 voters in the county are 
not satisfied with the county seat being located, as it 
is at present, on the extreme border of the county, 
or rather out of it. Notwithstanding the large majority 
in favor of a central location, a desperate effort is being 
made by the people of Baxter Springs again to thwart 
the will of the people. The most unblushing falsehoods 
are being circulated, hoping to divide the people and 
cause them to vote for different points. Lies that ought 
to blister the tongue of any person uttering them are 
unblushingly told. For instance, that the people of 
the west side of the county are "pulling the wool over 
the eyes of the people on the east side ;" that they are 
going to work for Millersburg instead of Columbus. 



The people of the west side emphatically brand the 
assertion as basely false. They have never asked for 
Millersburg to be a point and shall not vote for it. 
Their vote, as at the last election, will be a unit for 
Columbus. They waive all selfish and personal pref- 
erence, and they ask the people of the eastern, north- 
ern and southern and all other parts of the county, 
to join with them and, with an eye single to the pros- 
perity and well being of the county, vote for Columbus. 
It being the geographical center of the county, justice, 
economy and expediency demand it. The prosperity 
of the whole county is our prosperity. The county seat 
rightfully belongs to the whole people of the county, 
and not to a few ; and it is the right of every tax payer 
to demand that its location be central. 

It is urged by the people of Baxter Springs that 
the question ought not to be brought again so soon ; 
that it is a big expense to the county, and all that sort 
of thing. Does it not come with poor grace for them to 
cry "quits," after having so shamefully and rascally 
stolen the county seat, as it were. No man denies that 
Baxter Springs stuffed the ballot box, to the number of 
4,000 votes, last May, when the question of moving the 
county seat was up. They do not deny it themselves. 
They admit it; and they plead, in justification, that 
other parts of the county did so ; and, in order to be 
even, they did the same. But let us examine a little 
farther, in regard to the expense to the county, in the 
proposed change in the location of the county seat. 
The greatest item of expense in the county, amounting 
to many hundreds of dollars, is in having to send out- 
prisoners away for safe keeping, as we have no jail 
of our own. The amount we paid last year, for this 
item, would build us a jail that would answer, for the 
present. A seemingly natural answer would be, "Why 
don't you build one?" There is where the trouble lies. 
The people are not willing to be taxed to build one, or 
any other county building, in a place that is not, and 
never can be made, the permanent location of our 
county seat. Its location where it now is, is a mere 
question of time; and a very short time, at that. If it 
is not voted away, the probabilities are that we shall 
have to go into another state before long, for our 
county seat. It is already reported and believed that 
the treaty now pending for the Indian Territory south 
of us, out of which a new state is to be formed, will 
throw Baxter Springs out of Kansas. Such a result is 
not at all improbable. The very fact that no provision 
is being made for the sale of the government strip in- 
dicates that it is' in the new state. * * * 

One thing more the county should know : The 
offices of the county clerk, county treasurer and regis- 

ter of deeds are all in the barroom of a restaurant, the 
only room that could be had. Oh, shame, where is 
thy blush! All this, remember, is in a city of the 
second class. May the good Lord have pity on cities 
not of the second class! 

In view of all the facts, we earnestly appeal to the 
voters throughout the county once more to stand up 
and demand their rights. The right to have the county 
seat at the center of the county is your right. See 
that you reclaim it at this election. Turn out and let 
us vote a unit for the county seat at Columbus. If we 
turn out our full strength, this vexatious question will 
be settled for all time to come. Just so long as the 
county seat is claimed and held at the edge of the 
county, just so long will we be harrassed with special 
elections. Strife, animosity, ill will are sure to exist. 
Remember the day, the 16th of February, and the 
style of the ticket, "For County Seat, Columbus." 

Many Voters. 
The undersigned proprietors of the claims upon 
which is laid the town site of Columbus, do propose 
to donate to the county, in the event of the county seat 
being located at Columbus, all lots necessary for county 
buildings, grounds for seminary, cemetery and fair 
grounds, said lots and sites to be selected by the Board 
of County Commissioners ; also immediately to furnish 
a building that will answer for county offices, free of 
expense until such time as buildings can be put up. 

J. N. Lee, 
F. Fry, 
H. Scovell, 
Dr. J. H. Walker. 

Note. — Elsewhere, in giving an account of the 
election concerning which the foregoing circular was 
put out, it is shown that there was a lot of ballot-box 
stuffing done in favor of Columbus. I have given this 
circular, for the purpose of showing how high the feel- 
ing was concerning the location of the county seat. I 
am glad it can truthfully be said that the relations be- 
tween Columbus and Baxter Springs', while not alto- 
gether as amicable as they will yet become, have so 
much improved that the old troubles have almost been 
forgotten. — Editor. 

Note. — Since writing the foregoing chapter I have 
received a copy of "Dodge's Sectional Map of the 
Cherokee Neutral Lands," which L. Conklin, of Pleas- 
ant View township, kindly sent the publishing com- 
pany. The map is much worn, and it can not be repro- 
duced. I desire to assure Mr. Conklin that his 1 kindness 
is appreciated. — Editor. 



The Organization of Cherokee County — The "County Seat War" — List of County 
Officers — The Political Phases — Memorable Political Rallies — The Increase 
of Population, and Immigration From Other States. 

the organization of Cherokee county, 

Or the measures which were put in force for 
the purpose of organizing it, began in the sum- 
mer of 1866, shortly after the Cherokee In- 
dians had transferred the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands to the United States, as noted in a for- 
mer chapter. This was before the exact boun- 
dary of the county had been determined. The 
people were pressing so intently into this coun- 
try, that something had to be done toward ef- 
fecting an organization. In 1862 the Legisla- 
ture had passed an act providing for the organ- 
ization of new counties, where the conditions 
were up to the requirements; but, on account 
of the trouble between the settlers of Cherokee 
County and James F. Joy, pertaining to land 
titles, the organization of the county had been 

August 3, 1866, Samuel J. Crawford, Gov- 
ernor of the State, appointed and commissioned 
A. V. Peters, Reese Cadwalader and J. W. Wal- 
lace, special county commissioners for Chero- 
kee County, and Julius C. Petit, special county 

clerk. Julius C. Petit was sworn in by J. S. 
Emmons, county clerk of Bourbon County, 
September 6, 1866, and he that day appointed 
Daniel C. Finn as his deputy, who was the same 
day sworn in by Julius C. Petit. A. V. Peters, 
Reese Cadwalader and J. W. Wallace were 
sworn in by D. C. Finn, deputy county clerk, 
September 8, 1866. 

The appointment of the special county com- 
missioners by the governor of the State was for 
the purpose of calling an election. At the time 
of these appointments Governor Crawford fixed 
the county seat at the town of Pleasant View, 
the site of which is nine miles east and four 
and a half miles north of the present Court 
House at Columbus. 

The first appointment that the special coun- 
ty commissioners made was that of C. A. 
Keithley, whom they appointed justice of the 
peace for Pleasant View township. This was 
on September 13, 1866. The county commis- 
sioners met at the county seat and elected J. W. 
Wallace president of the board. The date of 
the election is not given. On the day of the 



meeting they ordered the county clerk to "draw 
on the Secretary of State, for law books." It 
seems from the old record from which I get 
these facts, that Julius C. Petit, the county 
clerk, did not attend to the duties, as the papers 
are all signed by D. C. Finn, the deputy. 

On September 15, 1866, the county com- 
missioners called a general election, for State 
and county officers, the county officers being 
the following: Three county commissioners, 
sheriff, treasurer, assessor, Probate judge, 
county attorney, coroner, superintendent of pub- 
lic instruction, county clerk, district clerk, reg- 
ister of deeds and county surveyor. The elec- 
tion was called to be held on the first Tuesday 
after the first Monday in November, 1866. 

On September 22, 1866, the county com- 
missioner appointed D. C. Finn, Probate judge, 
and he was sworn in on that day, and the rec- 
ords do not show that he continued as deputy 
county clerk, which it seems he might have 
held, had he desired it, as will appear hereafter. 

The election was held that year on Novem- 
ber 6th, and the following county officers were 
elected : Representative, D. C. Finn ; county 
commissioners, — J. W. Wallace, U. G. Rags- 
dell and B. F. Norton; Probate judge, D. C. 
Finn ; sheriff, H. B. Brown ; district clerk, F. 
M. Logan ; treasurer, D. Callahan ; assessor, 
W. H. Norton; county clerk, William Little; 
register of deeds, F. M. Logan ; county super- 
intendent, Sidney S. Smith; county attorney, 
J. A. Smith; coroner, J. Miller; county sur- 
veyor, C. W. Jewell. It will be seen from this 
list of officers elected, that D. C. Finn was 
elected both as Probate judge and as Repre- 
sentative of the county, in the State Legisla- 
ture. It will also be seen that F. M. Logan 
was elected both as district clerk and as regis- 
ter of deeds. At that time the elections law 

did not require that the tickets should be 
printed at public expense ; any one could write 
or print his ticket. Candidates were voted for 
without much reference to their nominations; 
often they were not nominated at all ; whoever 
received the highest number of votes for any 
office, whether nominated for that office or not, 
was duly elected to the same ; and at that time, 
when the population of the county was sparse, 
and the duties of the offices light, one person 
was allowed to hold two offices, if elected to 
both. The whole number of votes cast at the 
election that year (1866) was 321. 

Of the county officers elected at the general 
election in 1866, as far as I know, D. C. Finn, 
William Little and J. A. Smith are the only 
ones living. Finn anl Little live in Columbus, 
while Smith lives at Girard, Crawford County, 
Kansas. The whereabouts of the others can- 
not be learned ; it is certain that none of them 
are living in this county, if living at all. 

Among the records of the proceedings of 
the county commissioners, at their July ses- 
sion, 1867, may be found the allowed account 
of William Matheney, "for assisting the county 
attorney in the prosecution of Jefferson Davis, 
$25." William Matheney is remembered by 
many of the old settlers. He was perhaps the 
first lawyer that settled at Baxter Springs, and 
he represented the county in the State Senate 
early in its history. The record also shows 
that the fee-bill covering the services of the 
grand jury, "at the last session of the court," 
was allowed, — $77.60. J. A. Smith was then 
the county attorney ; and at that session of the 
commissioners he was allowed $75 for prose- 
cuting Jefferson Davis. Who Davis was, and 
the crime for which he was prosecuted, will 
appear when we come to the chapter covering 
matters of that kind. 



At the September (1867) session of the 
county commissioners, as shown of record, the 
commissioners made the following order : 

That the office of D. C. Finn, as Judge of the Pro- 
bate Court, (be) declared vacant, upon the part of D. 
C. Finn, (he) failing to renew his bond, and also failing 
to hold court as the law directs him to do, and failing 
to keep his records at the county seat open to the in- 
spection of the public, as the law requires him to do. 

At the same session the commissioners ap- 
pointed John D. Coulter as Probate judge, "in 
and for Cherokee County, to fill the vacancy 
of D. C. Finn." 

For the year 1867 the following tax levy 
was made upon the property of Cherokee 
County: State tax, $659.56; school tax, 
$164.89; county tax, $3,287.50; total, $4,- 


At a special election of 1867 the question 
of locating the county seat, permanently, was 
submitted to the people, there having arisen a 
good deal of dissatisfaction against its remain- 
ing at Pleasant View. Columbus and Baxter 
Springs were the contestants for the honor. 
Columbus was then known as Cherokee Center. 
The total number of votes cast, according to a 
printed statement of the matter, was 139, of 
which Baxter Springs received all but three. 
But for some reason the records were not 
moved at once to that place; in fact, the rec- 
ords were not moved to Baxter Springs until 
April 14, 1868, and at that in obedience to a 
peremptory order of the Supreme Court, under 
a writ of mandamus. It is said that Baxter 
Springs, as a matter of fact, was not then in 
the State of Kansas; that the survey which 
was afterward made, by which the south line 

of the State was moved two and one quarter 
miles south, through a treaty with the Indians, 
was not made until after two or three terms of 
the District Court of Cherokee County had 
been held in the Indian Territory. 

The changing of the county seat from 
Pleasant View to Baxter Springs did not suit 
the people of the county any better. On the 
other hand, the dissatisfaction was really 
greater, many thinking that the vote, moving 
the county seat, was fraudulent. Those who 
favored Columbus believed that, if a fair elec- 
tion could be held, they would be able to secure 
a change. So much was said of the matter 
that the commissioners were at last petitioned 
to call another election. It seems, from the 
record, that two elections were held in the 
month of May, 1868, the first on the 12th, the 
second on the 26th. At the first election the 
vote stood as follows: Baxter Springs, 600; 
Geographical Center, 639 ; Cherokee Center, 1 : 
The Center, 95, or a total of 1335. No one 
point having received a majority of the votes 
cast the matter remained undecided. At the 
election on the 26th of May, two weeks after 
the other election, 1885 votes were cast. Of 
these Baxter Springs received 965 ; Geographi- 
cal Center, 920. By this election Baxter Springr 
retained the county seat. 

It would seem that by this time the county 
seat controversy ought to be settled ; but it was 
not. The dissatisfaction was not in the least 
abated. On the contrary, it had increased. 
The location of the county seat six miles from 
the east line of the county and two miles from 
the south line could not be made to appear a 
proper measure, when the geographical center 
of the county offered a more convenient site 
and was soon to become easily accessible from 
all parts of the county by railroad. The people, 



therefore, stirred up the matter and would not 
allow it to quiet down. Every effort was 
made to bring the question before the people 
again, and this time to secure a final determi- 
nation of it. A special election was called for 
February 17, 1869. The vote was cast at that 
time, and on the 20th day, as shown of record, 
the county commissioners met and counted the 
returns, their session being held at Baxter 
Springs, then the county seat. The following 
table, showing the returns, is taken from the 
record : 

Pleasant View . . 






Baxter Springs . 

• 1045 







Sherman City . . . 










Neutral City 










, 1118 



There is a bit of unwritten history con- 
nected with this election, which may be of in- 
terest here to relate, as it clears up what would 
always be a mystery. Outside of Baxter 
Springs only 73 votes had been cast for that 
place, and these by four precincts; but Colum- 
bus received a good vote from every precinct 
in the county. Evidently, Baxter Springs had 
done a big lot of "stuffing" at the polls. It cast 
1045 votes, while it is safe to say that the town 
did not have more than that number of inhabi- 
tants, men, women and children. When all the 
votes had been counted, except those cast by 

Lola precinct, it was found that Baxter Springs 
was 319 ahead of Columbus. Capt. Sidney S. 
Smith, an ardent supporter of Columbus, see- 
ing that Baxter Springs had made its show- 
down, began to feel in his pockets for the re- 
turns from Lola precinct, which he claimed to 
have brought in. To his utter astonishment, 
the package was missing. He was greatly con- 
fused, but finally said that he must have left 
the package in his saddlebags, at the hotel ; that 
he would go to the hotel and make a search for 
it. He was gone two or three hours, and came 
back without the package, seemingly very de- 
jected over the loss of the returns, which, if not 
found, would leave the matter as before the 
election, Baxter Springs still holding the coun- 
ty seat. Finally he gathered up the tail of his 
overcoat, as if accidentally, and it was found 
that the package had slipped down into the 
lining of the coat. He cut it out, produced the 
returns to the commissioners, and when they 
were counted, Columbus was 33 ahead of Bax- 
ter Springs, as the above table shows. 

As showing that each faction in the county 
seat contest had grounds for suspecting the 
other of fraud, it may be noted that, in the 
election of 1876, a presidential year, when it is 
presumed that every precinct brought out every 
available voter, the total number of votes cast 
by Baxter Springs was 218, and that the total 
vote cast by Lola precinct was 130. This was 
seven years after the county seat contest, when 
the population of the precincts must have been 
double what it was at the election of 1869. 

When the result of the county seat contest 
was shown, and the showing had given it to 
Columbus, neither faction dared charge the 
other with fraud ; for it was too plainly evi- 
dent that both had practiced it. If Baxter 
Springs had held out some precinct, as the 



friends of Columbus had done, the former place 
would no doubt be the county seat to-day. It 
made its showing too early; for this gave the 
friends of Columbus an opportunity to see how 
many votes Lola precinct must bring in, in 
order to carry the election. Such methods 
would now be called fraudulent ; they were per- 
haps less so then. The country was new, and 
there were fewer persons to be affected, and 
smaller interests were at stake. 

Capt. Sidney S. Smith's name is always 
associated with the thrilling events connected 
with what may not be improperly called the 
"County Seat War" of Cherokee County. He 
was an ardent supporter of the change, and he 
left no effort untried for carrying the matter 
his way. He had unconquerable will power, 
and to this was added a genius for employing 
expedients rarely equalled and probably never 
surpassed. Immediately after the votes were 
all in and counted, and while the people of Bax- 
ter Springs were dazed at the result. Captain 
Smith quietly counseled with his friends there 
with him, and they decided to move the records 
at once, without even waiting for a certificate 
from the county clerk, and certainly not for the 
order of the county commissioners. The rec- 
ord does not show any order ; it is silent on the 
matter of moving the county seat to Colum- 
bus. A little after nightfall, and without much 
ado, the records were quickly loaded into a two- 
horse wagon, which was driven out of town be- 
fore it was known to anybody, excepting the 
friends of the movement. It is said that the 
man in charge of the wagon, after he had 
driven about two miles from town, transferred 
the records to another wagon, the driver of 
which knew what he had to do. The first man 
returned with his wagon to Baxter Springs, in 

order to throw off their guard any persons who 
might have seen him drive away ; and it is also 
said that the second man, instead of taking a 
direct course toward Columbus, sought a cir- 
cuitous route and entered the town from an 
opposite direction. All these precautions were 
taken, it being believed that the men who 
had worked so faithfully for Baxter Springs 
would not quietly give up. It was believed 
that when they recovered from the stunning 
effects of the defeat they would employ force- 
ful measures for holding the records. 

The friends of Columbus, anticipating that 
the county seat contest would be settled in favor 
of that place, had prepared a room in an old 
frame house which then stood on the east end 
of the south side of the public square, where 
the Steward Building now stands. They were 
kept there about two years, and were then 
moved into a new building which was com- 
pleted in the spring of 1871, on the northeast 
corner of the public square, and which cost the 
county about $1,500. It remained there until 
1889, when the new Court House was finished, 
at a cost of about $70,000, and the records 
moved into it. The old, wooden house, 
weather-worn and dilapidated, was then quietly 
moved away, being bought by William H. 
Chew and moved out on his farm, to be used 
as a barn. The contrast between the old, 
wooden building, dingy, dreary and dilapi- 
dated, as it awaited the day of its going, and 
the imposing, brick-and-stone structure which 
rose to take its place, fitly illustrated the rapid 
progress made in the development of the re- 
sources of the county, and the subsequent in- 
crease in the comforts and conveniences to the 
people. In these respects Cherokee County has 
been, and is yet. an astonishment, not only to 



I— I 
















the outside world, but even to its own inhabi- 
tants, as well as to those who have temporarily 
sojourned among its busy people. 

For many years after the moving of the 
county seat from Baxter Springs to Columbus, 
a spirit of antagonism prevailed between the 
people of the two places. It was deeply serious, 
and it sometimes led to expressions of bitter- 
ness and "cordial dislike." Even yet there are 
those who probably do not cultivate a marked 
degree of charity and forgiveness, when recall- 
ing the exciting incident which so separated 
the people in those days ; but within recent 
years, time having somewhat mollified their 
wounded feelings, while removing some who 
took an active, aggressive part in the factional 
contest, the people have sought the ways of 
peace and brotherly consideration, to the extent 
that the lines of separation have been mostly 
erased. The generation now coming on will 
practically know nothing of the old troubles, 
only as they read of them in the annals of the 

There was one condition which helped Bax- 
ter Springs to bear much of the supposed mis- 
fortune of losing the county seat : It was by 
far the busiest town in the county, besides being 
the oldest and the largest in population. It was 
what yas called a "wide-open" town, and there 
was a free-and-easy way among its people, 
such as is characteristic of all frontier places. 
It was the gathering place of many cattlemen 
and the cowboys whom they employed ; and the 
tradespeople who were there to supply the 
wants of these classes were too busy to take 
time for considering little matters like county 
seat controversies. It was the emporium of the 
Southwest country; and within its mart could 
be found every class and kind of merchandise 
that the wants of the settlers and sojourners 

required, and these in quantities suited to the 
demand. Hither came hundreds of drovers with 
their herds. These were the days before the com- 
ing of the railroad, when the country had not 
yet fully awakened to the call of intenser indus- 
trial pursuits ; but there were trade and traffic, 
and there were the coming and the going of 
many in quest of opportunities for bargain and 
sale. These conditions continued for many 
years; and even as late as 1875, after the dis- 
covery of rich mines of lead and zinc, at Joplin, 
Missouri, had begun to attract attention to that 
place, Baxter Springs remained the leading 
business point south of Fort Scott and west of 
Carthage, Missouri ; and here hundreds of 
thousands of dollars changed hands between 
the Texas and Indian Territory cattlemen and 
the buyers for the markets of the North ; and 
as such it contained among its inhabitants 
nearly every class of people found in the United 
States, not a few of whom dwelt lightly within 
its borders, and were ever ready, like the shift- 
ing sands of the desert, to move on under the 
impulse of a lightly stirring breeze. 

Really it was not until after these conditions 
had given way to the growing requirements of 
better social tendencies and to the fixing of 
more permanent pursuits, that the inhabitants 
of Baxter Springs fully realized what it had 
lost in the election of 1869. 


In the following list I have endeavored to 
get the facts, as far as can be had from the rec- 
ords, in the keeping of which, there are reasons 
to believe, many errors could have easily gotten 
in. It is designed to give the names of the per- 
sons who were elected to the county offices, in- 
cluding those elected to the State Senate and 



the House of Representatives ; to note resigna- 
tions, refusals to serve, and appointments for 
filling vacancies. Deputies and assistants will 
not be noted. 


On August 3, 1866, Cherokee County then 
not having been organized, Governor Crawford 
appointed A. V. Peters, Reese Cadwalader and 
J. W. Wallace special county commissioners, 
and Julius C. Petit special county clerk, for the 
purpose of organizing the county. The special 
county commissioners, on the 22nd of Septem- 
ber ©f that year, appointed D. C. Finn Probate 
judge. An election was called for November 
6th, and at that time the following county offi- 
cers were elected : Representative, D. C. Finn ; 
county commisisoners, — J. W. Wallace, U. G. 
Ragsdell and B. F. Norton; county clerk, Wil- 
liam Little; Probate judge, D. C. Finn; dis- 
trict clerk, F. M. Logan ; sheriff, H. B. Brown ; 
register of deeds, F. M. Logan ; surveyor, C. 
W. Jewell; county attorney, James A. Smith; 
treasurer, D. Callahan. 


Representative, N. D. Ingraham ; county 
commissioners, — W. C. Pender, P. G. Noel and 
S. S. Smith; county clerk, William -Little; 
treasurer, J. J. Goodner; register of deeds, C. 
A. Keithley; county superintendent, William 
Givens; Probate judge, W. M. Matheney; dis- 
trict clerk, Lane Williams; sheriff, William G. 
Seright ; coroner, John Dyer ; surveyor, J. H. 
Lucas ; county assessor, Clinton McMickle. 


Representative, C. C. McDowell ; state sen- 

ator, M. Voss ; county attorney, John N. Ritter ; 
county superintendent, D. R. Martin (appoint- 
ed February 6th) ; Probate judge, Amos San- 
ford ; county commissioners, — M. Robertson, 
and R. W. Bogges ; district clerk, W. B. Shock- 
ley. D. R. Martin was elected county superin- 


Representative, J. B. Hodgins; sheriff', J. 
S. Vincent; register of deeds, John Little; 
county clerk, J. G. Dunlavey; treasurer, S. S. 
Smith ; coroner, R. M. Elliott ; surveyor, Jo- 
seph Wallace ; county commissioners, — Milton 
Douglass, S. W. Vanatta and M. Robeson. 
The number of votes cast that year was 11 76. 
C. A. Keithley, who had been elected register 
of deeds in 1867, failed to qualify, and did not 
hold the office; but the commissioners did not 
make any appointment until February 2, 1869, 
when they appointed John H. Dyer, to serve 
until his successor was elected and qualified. 
For some reason not shown in the record, the 
Governor appointed J. F. McDowell, Probate 
judge November 2, 1869. 


Representative, George W. Wood ; State 
Senator, H. D. Moore; register of deeds, John 
H. Little ; district clerk, Bruce Miller ; Probate 
judge, J. F. McDowell; county superintendent, 
T. S. Stockslager ; county attorney, John N. 
Ritter; county commissioners, — W. H. Clark, 
and J. W. Spencer. Whole number of votes 
cast, 1757. 


Representative, George W. Wood; county 



commissioners, — J. R. Royce, Milton Doug- 
lass and H. H. Angell ; sheriff, J. H. Ludlow ; 
coroner, J. B. Thurman ; treasurer, J. S. Vin- 
cent ; J. O. Norris ; register of deeds, E. A. 
Scammon : county surveyor, Joseph Wallace. 


Representatives, — Cyrus Harvey and A. F. 
Childs; State Senator, W. M. Matheney; dis- 
trict clerk, A. W. McGill ; county superintend- 
ent, J. A. Murray; Probate judge, C. D. Nich- 
ols; coroner, W. P. Eddy; county attorney, 
W. H. YVhiteman. Votes cast, 2194. 


Representatives, — Lawrence Conklin and 
L. P. Stowell; sheriff, Alfred Palmer; treas- 
urer, Slemons Lisle; county clerk, Edward Mc- 
Pherson ; register of deeds, T. V. Lane ; county 
surveyor, W. W. Murry; coroner. J- A. 
Smith ; county commissioner, John McLaugh- 


Representatives, — H. H. Angell and W. 
E. Cowen ; State Senator, E. C. Wells ; district 
clerk, C. O. Stockslager ; county attorney, John 
N. Ritter ; Probate judge, C. D. Nichols ; coun- 
ty superintendent, H. W. Sandusky. 


Representatives, — J. H. Smith and J. R 
Hallowell; treasurer, Slemons Lisle; sheriff, 
Alfred Palmer ; county clerk, Edward McPher- 
son ; register of deeds, W. C. Jones ; county sur- 
veyor, J. B. Hodgins ; coroner, D. S. Freeman ; 
county commissioner, T. F. Wilson. 

In August, 1875, Lola township voted on 
bonds for the aid of the Memphis, Carthage & 
Northwestern Railroad. The township cast 60 
votes, 21 for and 39 against the bonds. On 
September 7, 1875, Salamanca township voted 
on bonds for aiding the same company, casting 
171 votes; 154 for and 17 against the bonds. 
This is an instance in which the 'sequel shows 
that the minority may sometimes be right. 
Possibly no greater fraud was ever perpetrated 
upon a municipality. It certainly ought to have 
a prominent place in the catalogue of crimes. 


Representatives, — S. W. Smith and A. F. 
Harold ; State Senator, J. R. Hallowell ; county 
attorney, D. M. McKenney; Probate judge, C. 
D. Nichols; county superintendent, E. M. Ma- 

The people voted in 1876, on the proposi- 
tion to establish a county farm, and it was car- 
ried by a majority of 783 votes. The whole 
number of votes cast in the county that year 
was 2,606, the Republicans carrying the county 
by a majority of 267, over all. 


Treasurer, G. G. Gregg; county clerk, 
Charles Saunders; register of deeds, J. T. Cald- 
well ; sheriff, A. J. Bahney ; county surveyor, 
Joseph Wallace; coroner, J. A. Monahan ; coun- 
ty commissioners, — J. T. Maxey, Henry Dur- 
kee and J. A. Hubbard. 

There was a contest between A. S. Denni- 
son and A. J. Bahney, for the office of sheriff. 
The returns showed that Bahney was elected 
by a majority of 62. It was claimed by Denni- 
son that in two wards of Empire City, which 



was the largest town in the county, the cigar 
boxes which had been used for ballot boxes, 
had been slipped out, while the judges and 
clerks of the election were at supper, and other 
boxes, of the same kind, had been substituted, 
containing fraudulent ballots. The case was 
tried before C. D. Nichols, Probate judge, on 
December 26, 1877, continuing, from time to 
time, until January 9, 1878, when it was decided 
in favor of Bahney. Dennison then took an 
appeal to the District Court, and subsequently 
a change of venue to the Johnson County Dis- 
trict Court ; but it never came to trial there, and 
Bahney held the office. Dennison had some of 
the best lawyers in the county: J. R. Hallo- 
well, H. G. Webb, W. H. Whiteman, J. D. 
Lewis, W. H. Hornor, and Ritter & Anderson. 
Bahney had as good : Stockslager & Spear, 
Bennett & Hampton, and Cowley & Skidmore. 
The record also shows a contest between W. 
C. Jones and J. T. Caldwell, over the office of 
register of deeds. After a number of continu- 
ances, the case was dismissed. 


Representatives, — H. T. Helmrick, T. P. 
Anderson and J. S. Gillespie ; county attorney, 
W. R. Cowley; district clerk, M. W. Coulter; 
Probate judge, H. C. Pursel; county superin- 
tendent, J. H. Baxter ; coroner, David Crow. 

The proposition to build a new Court 
House was defeated by a majority of 1952, out 
of a vote of 2,518. 


Representative, C. G. Metzler; State Sena-' 
tor, J. J. Goodner; treasurer, R. H. Stott; 
county clerk, C. A. Saunders; sheriff, A. S. 

Dennison; register of deeds, Clarence Wood- 
ruff; county surveyor, C. L. McClung; coro- 
ner, Jonathan Pickering ; county commissioner, 
W. E. Swanson. 

As shown in the returns of the election of 
1879, C. A. Saunders was elected county clerk 
by a majority of 58. E. H. Dunbar, who was a 
candidate for the office, contested the election, 
and the case was tried before H. C. Pursel, A. 
H. Skidmore and E. A. Scammon. The case 
was dismissed, at the motion of the contestor, 
December 26, 1879, the contestor being held 
for the costs, $45.95. 


Representatives — V. L. Browning, C. R. 
Webbert and H. R. Hubbard ; State Senator, 
B. F. Hogg; district clerk, J. E. Tutton ; county 
attorney, W. R. Cowley ; Probate Judge. E. J. 
Leggett; county surveyor, Joseph Wallace; 
county commissioner, R. W. Vaughn; county 
superintendent, E. J. Leggett. 

The constitutional amendment relating to 
the prohibition of the sale of intoxicating 
liquors received a majority of 477 in favor of 
the amendment, out of a vote of 4.368. There 
were no contests that year. 


Treasurer, R. H. Stott ; county clerk, John 
T. Veatch ; sheriff, A. S. Dennison ; register of 
deeds, C. L. Woodruff; county surveyor, E. 
W. Cooter ; coroner, I. N. Smith ; county com- 
missioner, John Russell. 

Representatives — T. P. Anderson and W. 



B. Stone ; county attorney, C. D. Ashley ; dis- 
trict clerk, James Whitcraft ; Probate judge, H. 

C. Pursel; county superintendent, Sallie Hut- 
sell ; county commissioner, W. E. Swanson. 

There were three candidates for each office, 
and there were 4,132 votes cast. Sallie Hut- 
sell, for county superintendent, was eletcted by 
a plurality of one vote. 


Treasurer, G. G. Gregg ; county clerk, John 
T. Veatch; sheriff, W. H. Layne; register of 
deeds, S. Y. Timberlake; county surveyor, E. 
W. Cooter ; coroner, J. W. May ; county com- 
missioner, M. Robeson. 

The returns show that W. H. Layne was 
elected by a plurality of one vote. His elec- 
tion was contested by G. W. Hoyt, and the case 
was tried before H. C. Pursel, Probate judge, 
and A, W. McGill and Benjamin D. Beal. The 
final hearing was on January 4, 1884; and 
upon motion to dismiss, the case was dismissed, 
the contestor paying the costs — $80.90. 


Representatives — E. C. Scammon, J. S. 
Gillespie and E. C. Weilep; State Senator, John 
N. Ritter; district clerk, James Whitcraft; 
county attorney, C. O. Stockslager; Probate 
judge, George Richardson ; county superinten- 
dent, Sallie Hutsell ; county commissioner, John 

The year 1884 was remarkable for the polit- 
ical enthusiasm which prevailed. There were 
four candidates for the presidency : James G. 
Blaine, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin F. Butler 
and John P. St. John. These brought out every 
available voter. Cherokee County, that year, 

cast 5,634 votes. Blaine carried the county by 
a plurality of 1,030, but lacked 216 of having 
a majority. 

Treasurer, E. C. Scammon ; county clerk, 
L. R. McNutt; sheriff, W. H. Layne; register 
of deeds, William H. Chew ; county surveyor, 
Joseph Wallace; coroner, Lawrence Conklin; 
county commissioner, \V. E. Swanson. 

The number of votes cast that year was 


Representatives — R. P. McGregor and H. 
R. Hubbard ; Probate judge, George Richard- 
son; district clerk, J. H. Hamilton; county at- 
torney, G. W. Webb; county superintendent, 
M. F. Jarrett; coroner, William Russell; 
county commissioner, M. Robeson. 

The number of votes cast that year was 

Treasurer, E. C. Scammon; county clerk, 
J. C. Atkinson ; sheriff, J. C. Babb ; register of 
deeds, William H. Chew; county surveyor, 
Joseph Wallace ; coroner, D. W. King ; county 
commissioner, James M. Robinson. 

The number of votes cast that year was 


Representatives — John S. Gillespie and 
John W. Herron; State Senator, W. S. Nor- 
ton; county attorney, C. D. Ashley; Probate 
judge, Jesse Forkner; county superintendent. 
M. F. Jarrett; district clerk, J. H. Hamilton; 
county commissioner, H. N. Furness. 



In the political annals of Cherokee County 
no year is more vividly recalled than 1888. 
Three presidential candidates were in the field ; 
and the friends of each rallied enthusiastically 
to his support. No voter was allowed to remain 
at home, unless sick, and even then, if not seri- 
ously sick, he was brought out. The campaign 
partook somewhat of the nature of a military 
one; for feeling was so highly wrought that 
men, otherwise friendly and on neighborly 
terms, drifted so apart as to lose their kindlier 
feelings. The presidential vote that year was : 
Benjamin Harrison, 2,935; Grover Cleveland, 
2,038; A. J. Streeter, 1,269; total, 6,242. Har- 
rison's plurality was 897; but he lacked 187 
of having a majority. 


Treasurer, H. R. Sadler; sheriff, J. C. 
Babb ; register of deeds, J. H. Abbott ; county 
clerk, J. C. Atkinson ; county surveyor, E. S. 
Morton ; coroner, R. S. Mahan ; county com- 
missioner, R. P. McGregor. 

The number of votes cast that year was 

4-95 1 - 


Representatives — J. T. Jones and J. H. 
Chubb; Probate judge, John Stauffer; county 
attorney, W. J. Moore; district clerk, C. R. 
Bernard ; county superintendent, Anna Wid- 
man ; county surveyor, Joseph Wallace ; county 
commissioner, F. A. Jackson. 


Treasurer, A. D. Watts; sheriff, C. D. 
Arnold ; register of deeds. J. C. Hubbard ; 
county clerk. P. M. Humphrey ; county sur- 

veyor, Joseph Wallace ; coroner, O. L. Young ; 
county commissioner, J. H. Armstrong. 

The number of votes cast that year was 



Representatives — M. L. Walters and Alex- 
ander Warner; State Senator, M. A. House- 
holder; Probate judge, John Stauffer; district 
clerk, C. R. Bernard ; county superintendent, 
Anna Widman; county attorney, W. J. Moore; 
county commissioner, Andrew Shearer. 

The number of votes cast that year was 
6,508; of these, Cleveland received 3,752 ; Har- 
rison, 2,695 '< Bidwell, 61. The Populist reform 
movement in Kansas was at its full force at that 


Treasurer, A. D. Watts ; sheriff, C. D. Ar- 
nold ; county clerk, P. M. Humphrey ; register 
of deeds, J. C. Hubbard ; county surveyor, 
William H. Dugger; coroner, E. W. Doan; 
county commissioner, F. A. Jackson. 

The number of votes cast that vear was 


Representatives — James Duffy and Alex- 
ander Warner ; county attorney, C. A. McNeill ; 
Probate judge, W. R. Elliott; district clerk, L. 
G. Scranton ; county superintendent, E. O. 
Herod ; county commissioner, James H. Elliott. 

The number of votes cast that vear was 


Treasurer, Andrew Shearer; sheriff. W. T. 
Forkner; register of deeds, H. A. Bender; 



county clerk, Thomas Thomason; county sur- 
veyor, Joseph Wallace ; coroner, C. S. Huff- 
man ; county commissioner, W. H. Peters. 

The proposition for building a jail was de- 
feated by a majority of 281. 

The number of votes cast that year was 



Representatives — George T. McGrath and 
E. C. W'eilep; State Senator, M. A. House- 
holder ; county attorney, Charles Stephens ; dis- 
trict clerk, L. G. Scranton; Probate judge, E. 
E. Sapp ; county superintendent, C. F. Cool ; 
county commissioner, James Pryor. 

The number of votes cast for the presi- 
dential candidates was 8,703, of which McKin- 
ley received 3,505; Bryan, 5,108; Palmer, 46; 
Levering, 44. 


Treasurer, Frank Hoover ; county clerk, 
S. W. Swinney ; register of deeds, Ross David- 
son ; sheriff, O. W. Sparks ; county surveyor, 
J. H. Jenkins ; coroner, \Y. Hisle ; county com- 
missioner, Charles H. Smith. 

The number of votes cast that year was 

Representatives — J. C. Fogle and G. W. 
YVheatley ; Probate judge, E. E. Sapp ; district 
clerk, J. M. Wales ; county attorney, Charles 
Stephens; county superintendent, C. F. Cool; 
county commissioner, W. H. Peters. 

The number of votes cast that year was 


Treasurer, Frank Hoover; sheriff. O. W. 

Sparks; county clerk, S. W. Swinney; regis- 
ter of deeds, Ross Davidson; Probate judge, 
George H. Wilson ; clerk of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas at Galena, E. F. Tucker; county 
surveyor, J. H. Jenkins ; coroner, R. B. En- 
glish ; county commissioner, J. B. Pryor. 

The number of votes cast that year was 
8,033. This heavy vote was due to a number 
of causes. At a special session of the Legisla- 
ture of Kansas, begun on December 21, 1898,. 
a new court of record, to be known as "The 
Court of Common Pleas for Cherokee and 
Crawford Counties," was established; and the 
act provided for submitting the matter to the 
qualified voters of the two counties, at the 
general election of 1899. Besides this, there 
was the proposition to build a County High 
School, which matter was thoroughly agitated 
among the people that year. The Common 
Pleas Court proposition was carried by a ma- 
jority of 1.740; the High School proposition 
was carried by a majority of 379. 

Judge E. E. Sapp, of Galena, was elected 
to the bench of the new court. Sessions of the 
court were held at Galena, Cherokee County, 
and at Pittsburg, Crawford County. At the 
July (1900) term of the Supreme Court, in re 
John Davis, 62 K, page 231, the court handed 
down a decision, declaring that Court of Com- 
mon Pleas as not having been legally estab- 
lished. After this Cherokee County was made 
to constitute the Eleventh Judicial District, and 
Judge A. H. Skidmore continued on the bench 
of the District Court until Judge W. B. Glasse 
was elected his successor, at the general election 
of 1902. 

Representatives — E. C. Weilep and Teas- 



dale Wilkinson ; State Senator, M. A. House- 
holder; county attorney, J. N. Dunbar; dis- 
trict clerk, J. M. Wales; Probate judge, R. M. 
Cheshire ; county superintendent, S. N. Mont- 
gomery; board of trustees of the County High 
School — Walter Merrick, Emerson Hull, T. J. 
Vest, Phil. L. Keener, C. A. Gibbs and P. L. 

The number of votes cast that year was 
9.756, the largest ever cast in the county, up to 
that time. 


By an act of the Legislature of the State of 
Kansas, approved March 1, 1901, the election 
of county officers was fixed to come in even 
numbered years, beginning with 1902, except 
the election of county commissioners. 


District judge, W. B. Glasse; Representa- 
tives — E. B. Schermerhorn and John Mc- 
Laughlin ; treasurer, Franklin Elliott ; sheriff, 
Charles L. Raines ; county clerk, William H. 
Shaffer ; register of deeds, E. R. Pattyson ; 
district clerk, J. B. Rudolph ; county attorney, 
Al. F. Williams; county superintendent, Birdie 
Adams ; Probate judge, George H. Wilson ; 
county surveyor, J. S. Sherman ; coroner, J. 
H. Boss ; board of trusteees of the County High 
School — D. C. Walker, Emerson Hull, Walter 
Merrick and T. J. Vest. 

The number of votes cast that year was 
6,560, which, compared with the vote of 1900, 
shows a falling off of 3,196. 


That everv man living in the State of Kan- 

sas belongs to some political party, is a proposi- 
tion which is almost idle to utter. Here 
partisan affiliation is almost an instinct ; and he 
who has no "political home" is a lonely outcast, 
even in the midst of the din and rush of politi- 
cal agitation. The early settlers of the State 
lived under a tense political strain, from the 
day they set foot upon its soil, and those who 
came later readily partook of the spirit of the 
most enthusiastic demonstrations. The sur- 
roundings made it necessary. They had to de- 
clare themselves, for they were not allowed to 
remain silent. The lines were drawn, and they 
had to take sides. 

The Republican party of Kansas, when not 
torn into factions through the disagreement of 
its leaders, has always been dominant in the 
State, as a matter of birthright. It has been 
next to folly for any other party to seek a 
breaking of its control of public affairs; for 
this has never been done, except when internal 
dissensions have dissipated its strength and 
driven large numbers into the camps of the 
opposing party. The State has had four Gov- 
ernors who were not elected by the Republican 
party, — St. John, Glick, Lewelling and Leedy; 
and it has sent but three men, other than Re- 
publicans, to the United States Senate, — Mar- 
tin, Harris and Peffer, the latter of whom went 
back to the Republican party when it was no 
longer profitable for him to remain with the 

The political phases of Cherokee County 
have partaken much of the character of those 
of the State. Nominally, the county is Repub- 
lican ; but the people sometimes break away ; 
and as the numerical strength of the two par- 
ties is almost evenly divided, the Democrats 
have held the innings about as often as the Re- 
publicans. Each party has been often rendered 



incapable of gaining public control, through 
blunders made in each by a few who were too 
anxious to direct the party machinery. 

Back in the early days of the county, when 
the inhabitants were few, and the frontier spirit 
bound the people closer, there was a time when 
the only question that divided them was 
whether a person supported or opposed the Joy 
side of the land question. All other likes and 
dislikes were for a while laid aside; in fact, this 
matter was the issue among the people of 
Cherokee County for seven or eight years. Af- 
ter it was settled by the Supreme Court of the 
United States, by which settlement the 
^Leaguers" lost their lands, the Democrats and 
Republicans, who had joined hands on one 
side or the other, quietly fell back to their 
places in the political parties ; and from that 
time down to the present no side issue has been 
such as to draw them away, save that during 
the Populist uprising of 1890 many of the 
members of the two parties cut their moorings 
and took passage in the reform craft and went 
out upon a brief voyage, while the two disabled 
parties remained on the shoals and watched the 
sail as it went over the rounded sea. Some of 
the voyagers are back in their respective ships, 
while some of them are yet at sea, "rocked in 
the cradle of the deep." 

From about the year 1876 down to the year 
1890, neither of the principal parties engaged in 
any "masterful inactivity." There was some- 
thing lively going on all the time. Scarcely was 
a political canvass over when scheming began 
for the succeeding one. Elections were held 
every year, which maintained a condition of 
constant turmoil, and which required an out- 
watch always on duty. The terms of the 
county offices were for two years, and the offi- 
cers coming in alternated with those going out. 

Often half of the offices in the Court House 
were filled by Republicans, and the other half 
by Democrats ; but there were times, after 1890, 
when the offices were filled by neither. 

Perhaps the intensest political contest ever 
had between the Republican and the Democrats 
of Cherokee County was that of 1888. And 
this is perhaps true in every other part of the 
country where numbers were anywhere nearly 
equal. There was a general reason for it. In 
1884 the Democratic candidate for the presi- 
dency was elected and the following spring was 
inaugurated, the first Democratic President in- 
augurated since March 4, 1857. Four years 
after 1884 the Democrats were determined that 
Grover Cleveland should be re-elected ; the Re- 
publicans were equally determined that he should 
be defeated,and that Benjamin Harrison should 
be elected the next President of the United 
States. Each party was correspondingly eager 
and zealous. Tremendous influences were 
brought to bear upon the people, from those im- 
mediately under the control of the national 
committees, down to the voters who were man- 
aged by the ward politicians in the cities and by 
the precinct managers in the rural districts. 
Big local contributions were made to the cam- 
paign funds, for many were so enthusiastic 
that they spent money freely, in order to gain 
advantage over the opposing party. The ag- 
gregate of each party was mustered, drilled 
and marched to the polls on election day. Ward 
and precinct meetings were held whenever and 
wherever there was the slightest hope for gain- 
ing any advantage. Speakers were employed to 
hold meetings at the school houses in all the 
rural districts ; abler ones were brought in from 
other parts to address the town-hall gatherings, 
and still others to speak to the multitudes too 
vast for other than out-door meetings. 




In the fall of 1888 some of the greatest polit- 
ical rallies ever known were held at Columbus. 
The first was on the 22(1 day of September, 
following the meeting of the Democratic County- 
Convention. The convention met at the Opera 
House at 1 1 o'clock in the forenoon, and was 
called to order by R. A. Long, chairman of 
the county central committee. R. M. Cheshire, 
mayor of Columbus, was chosen temporary 
chairman of the convention, and J. H. Clawson 
was chosen secretary. After the chairman had 
appointed the usual committees, the convention 
adjourned until 1 -.^o in the afternoon. 

On assembling in the afternoon, J. C. Mur- 
doch, of Galena, was chosen permanent chair- 
man, and A. L. Hayden, of Weir City, was 
chosen secretary. Dr. E. A. Scammon was 
chairman of the committee on resolutions. 
From the report of the committee I copy this 
sentence : "That, in the administration of our 
county affairs, we demand of all officers a strict 
and full performance of all their official duties ; 
and at the hands of our county commissioners 
we demand that they, as the law requires, at 
the end of each year cause to be published a full 
and explicit account of every dollar expended, 
and for what purpose, and all indebtedness of 
the county, that the tax-payers may know for 
what purpose their money is used." It had 
been said about that time that the county com- 
missioners were not managing public matters 
in a business-like way ; that the people were not 
kept informed of the expenditures ; that the law 
covering such things was being ignored, and 
that a course of better control of the interests of 
the county must be had. This was one of the 
issues of the local canvass for votes. 

The big rally of that day set in. upon the ad- 

journment of the convention. The Baxter 
Springs Neivs, September 29, 1888, copied the 
following account of the rally from the Colum- 
bus Star-Courier: 

"A parade, headed by the Columbus Band, 
formed at the Gulf depot, consisting of floats, 
ladies and gentlemen on horseback, citizens in 
vehicles, and various designs representing the 
inconsistencies of the Republican platform, 
marched throughout the principal streets. Hon. 
John A. Eaton, candidate for Congress in the 
Third District, spoke in the afternoon to the 
assembled throng west of the new Court House. 
He received round after round of applause as 
he spoke for two hours on the tariff issue. Ex- 
cursion trains arrived almost hourly during the 
day, and the committees were kept busy receiv- 
ing them. Judge Martin, of Topeka, arrived 
at 4 130 in the afternoon. He was met at the 
depot by two bands and a large crowd of peo- 
ple. He was driven to the hotel, where he re- 
ceived many callers during the evening. At seven 
o'clock the excursion arrived from Galena, one 
thousand strong, and a procession was formed 
at the Gulf depot with two thousand five hun- 
dred in line. All the clubs participated, mak- 
ing a grand procession, over a mile in length, 
with torchlight banners and transparencies. 
Fireworks were discharged on all sides, caus- 
ing the scene to be one of dazzling brilliancy. 
The transparencies illustrating the deceit and 
hypocrisy of the Republican platform were 
borne by stalwart Democrats. The Andrew 
Jackson Glee Club, composed of young ladies 
and young gentlemen, on a large float, followed 
by another float containing 38 ladies represent- 
ing the different States of the Union, were at- 
tractive features of the procession. After the 
parade the various glee clubs congregated on 
the speakers' stand and rendered some splendid 



campaign music. Judge Martin was intro- 
duced, and he held the audience for two hours. 
He spoke in a clear tone, and he was heard by 
a large proportion of the vast audience. His 
excellent points were loudly applauded. There 
is not the least doubt that Saturday was the 
grandest day for the Democrats that Columbus 
ever enjoyed. Good judges placed the crowd 
at from eight thousand to ten thousand. The 
whole matter passed off with the best of feel- 
ing, harmony prevailing on every hand." 

Following the Democratic rally, the Re- 
publican managers set out to surpass it, in num- 
bers and in brilliancy. As indicating the en- 
thusiasm, the following paragraphs are taken 
from the Baxter Springs News: 

"The Baxter Springs Republican Club pro- 
poses to send two hundred warriors, one hun- 
dred ladies and two brass bands to the grand 
rally at Columbus on the 13th of October." 

"The Republicans are making arrange- 
ments for a grand demonstration at Columbus. 
October 13, afternoon and evening. Senator 
Plumb, Congressman Perkins, Hon. Eugene F. 
Ware and S. S. Kirkpatrick, of Fredonia, have 
promised to be present. There will be a grand 
torchlight procession and display of fireworks 
in the evening." 

When the Republican rally day came, Co- 
lumbus had the biggest political rally that had 
ever assembled within its limits. This was gen- 
erally conceded. Long before the break of day 
the managers were up and about the work to 
be done; for no preparation was to be left out. 
The homes and the business houses of the city 
were lavishly and splendidly decorated, tri- 
umphal arches were erected, flags were flying 
everywhere, and by the early morning there 
was such a demonstration of interest as could 
not other than portend a day of full advantage 

to the party putting forth the effort. But if 
the people of the town itself were ready for a 
grand rally, those from other parts of the 
county, and even from other counties, were 
more so. The following account of the rally 
is taken from the Baxter Springs News, of Oc- 
tober 20, 1888: 

"By nine o'clock people began to pour in 
from the country, in large delegations and 
singly, in wagons, in buggies and carriages, on 
horseback and otherwise. At 10 o'clock the 
marshals, under the direction of the grand mar- 
shal, C. W. Daniels, of Baxter Springs, began 
forming the procession for the grand parade, 
which required an hour and a quarter for pass- 
ing a given point. * * * At the head of 
the procession was the Columbus Cornet Band ; 
next, one hundred ladies on horseback, riding 
three abreast, wearing the national colors. Fol- 
lowing the ladies in uniform, were ladies and 
gentlemen on horseback, including colored men 
and women. Then followed an elaborate float, 
covered all over with bunting and flags, drawn 
by six fine white horses, bearing about thirty 
old gentlemen who voted for Gen. William 
Henry Harrison in 1840. This was really one 
of the most imposing sights in the procession, 
and none of the line felt more enthusiastic or, 
for the time being, younger than those old vet- 
erans of 1840. Following them, close behind, 
was a geunine log cabin on a truck, drawn by 
four spans of mules. The cabin was complete 
in all its details, about ten by fifteen feet, with 
a porch on the front side, on which set a spin- 
ning-wheel and many other articles of indus- 
trial use so familiar to the people of that 
time. On the roof were a wolf and a 'possum', 
lazily sunning themselves, and there were a 
number of coonskins nailed on the outside. 
The cabin was designed after the pattern of the 



primitive cabin of the settlers of the great West. 
* * * Then followed wagons, buggies, 
carts and so forth. Along down the line, and 
just ahead of Capt. Abbott's company of horse- 
men from Spring Valley, was a float containing 
about twenty little girls singing patriotic songs. 
Following this were more vehicles of various 
kinds, followed by the Baxter Springs Cornet 
Band, which led Capt. Abbott's company of 
horsemen numbering about one hundred young 
men from Spring Valley township, all uni- 
formed and drilled. They made a splendid ap- 
pearance in the line. These were followed by 
a float containing little girls representing the 
States which Harrison will carry. * " * * 
The procession was nearly three miles in 
length, and not strung out like telegraph poles, 
either. They were kept as close as circum- 
stances would permit. In the procession, at 
appropriate intervals, many bands were sand- 
wiched, among them the Baxter Springs Band, 
the Melrose Band, the Columbus Band, the 
Chetopa Drum Corps, Wall's Drum Corps, the 
Columbus Drum Corps and Colored Band, the 
Oswego Drum Corps and Richardson's Colum- 
bus Kid Drum Corps. By two o'clock the seats 
on the west side of the Court House, fronting 
the grand stand, were literally packed with peo- 
ple, numbering between four thousand and five 
thousand. After music by the Columbus, Mel- 
rose and Baxter Springs bands in unison, and 
two or three songs by the Columbus Glee Club, 
which were greeted with great applause, Capt. 
H. R. Hubbard, of Boston Mills, introduced 
Senator Preston B. Plumb, who, notwithstand- 
ing the great hoarseness under which he was 
laboring, addressed the people for one hour 
and forty-five minutes, upon the issues of the 
day. His address was a plain, common sense, 
logical talk upon the great issues now before 

the American people, the tariff and the Mills 
Bill, and it was listened to with great interest 
and greeted with frequent applause. At 4 130 
a large delegation arrived on the Frisco road, 
from the West, including the Coffeyville Flam- 
beau Club, numbering 38 well-drilled men. 
and also the Oswego Flambeau Club, and torch- 
bearers from Fredonia, Coffeyville, Cherryvale, 
Mound Valley and Oswego, numbering five 
hundred men. The Daisy Glea Club from 
Fredonia was also on board. At 5 130 the Weir 
City and Cherokee excursion train brought in 
the Weir City Flambeau Club and about one 
thousand people composed mostly of voters 
who were torch bearers. At 6 :30 the torches 
were lighted and the procession commenced 
forming on East Maple avenue, where it re- 
mained for the arrival of the Fort Scott excur- 
sion and for the excursion from Webb City, 
Joplin, Galena and Baxter Springs. The first 
did not arrive until 7 :_).o and the latter not until 
8. These two trains brought in about two 
thousand people. Fort Scott furnished a splen- 
did flambeau club and many torch bearers, num- 
bering about four hundred. The train from the 
southeast brought in the Webb City. Joplin and 
Galena flambeau clubs, besides the Joplin Shot- 
gun Brigade. There were also about one thou- 
sand torch bearers in the delegation. As soon 
as possible the men were thrown into line and 
started on the march. Two thousand five hun- 
dred torches were in the parade, and along in 
the line were the various bands, and the drum 
and fife corps, and the line of march was through 
the principal streets of the city. * * * It 
was the grandest medley of lights and noises 
that ever greeted Southeastern Kansas. At 
9 :20, which was as soon as the parade was 
over, the people again gathered around the 
grand stand to hear Hon. B. W. Perkins, who 



was introduced by Capt. H. R. Hubbard, the 
chairman. Mr. Perkins was received with en- 
thusiasm. He spoke over an hour, and his ad- 
dress was exceptionally scatching and bitter to 
the Democrats. The crowd being so great, and 
not being able to hear Mr. Perkins, an over- 
flow meeting was held at the Opera House, 
where Hon. Eugene F. Ware and ex-Governor 
George T. Anthony spoke to the people. * * * 
Taking the meeting as a whole, it was a grand 
success throughout, and it is acknowledged by 
nearly every one to have been the most elabo- 
rate demonstration made in the State this year, 
if not in the entire West." 

At the time of which I write, the Union 
Labor party was strong in Kansas, so strong as 
sometimes to hold the balance of power in some 
of the counties. Its organization in Cherokee 
County was thorough, and those making up 
the ranks of the party were numerous and ag- 
gressive in the propagation of their party doc- 

On the 27th of October, 1888, the Union 
Labor party held a rally at Columbus which 
was perhaps more largely attended by the farm- 
ers of the county than any other rally held in the 
county, up to that time. A. J. Streeter, their 
candidate for the presidency that year, and W. 
H. Utley, their candidate for Congress from the 
Third District, were the chief speakers. The 
presence of Mr. Streeter brought out the entire 
party strength and the rally, in every particular, 
was certainly creditable to the managers who 
had the matter in hand. The Galena Miner, 
as quoted by the Baxter Springs A r ex.'s of 
November 3, 1888, had this to say of the rally : 

"To say that the Union Labor people were 
pleased with their demonstration at Columbus 
last Saturday would be putting it mildly. It was 
simply wildly enthusiastic. The crowd and 

procession were undoubtedly the largest evei 
held in the county, considering the fact that it 
was confined almost wholly to Cherokee County 
people. The old parties had more people pres- 
ent at their demonstrations than the Union La- 
bor people had, but at both of their meetings 
the crowds were largely swelled by imported 
delegations from neighboring counties. Galena 
turned out three car-loads of people, the train 
arriving at 10:30 in the forenoon. Soon after 
the arrival of our train the grand procession 
was formed, and the parade began from the 
Gulf depot, headed by the Galena Band and the 
Short Creek delegation on foot. Moving to the 
square, and around to the south side, the 
Galena Band and delegation halted, opened 
ranks and allowed the procession to pass 
through. It was two miles in length, the peo- 
ple in wagons, carriages, buggies and on horse- 
back, and it required forty-five minutes to pass 
a given point. One feature of the procession 
was the universal acceptance of the appellation, 
'Pumpkin Huskers,' as applied to the new party 
by the old parties. There was a liberal display 
of pumpkins on almost every vehicle in the pro- 
cession. The tails and manes of their horses 
were trimmed with oats, wheat, rye and flow- 
ers, while wreaths of corn and bunches of ap- 
ples hung around their horses' necks or hung 
from thier saddles. Corn-stalks, with massive 
ears of corn on them, appeared all along the 
line. Castor-bean stalks, oats, trees with apples 
on them, corn, Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes 
were displayed in abundance on almost every 
wagon. Hay wagons, covered with hay and 
loaded down with little boys and girls, were 
pleasing features. A float, bearing a rail- 
splitter with maul and wedge, working lustily 
as it went along, was one of the attractions ; and 
several floats, bearing ladies and glee clubs, 



were in the procession. Flags and banners, 
bearing all kinds of superscriptions, were 
numerous, expressing the sentiments and princi- 
ples of the party. In display, the procession 
throughout was out of the regular order of 
things of that kind, entirely original and unique, 
giving a better idea of the purposes of the party 
than a torchlight procession forty miles in 
length. At 1 :40 in the afternoon James Skid- 
more, as chairman, introduced Hon. A. J. 
Streeter, a Union Labor candidate for the presi- 
dency, to one of the largest and most attentive 
assemblies that has listened to any speaker in 
this county, this year. He spoke for nearly two 
hours. Hon. W. H. Utley. the Union Labor 
candidate for Congress, was introduced and he 
spoke for a few minutes, which concluded the 
exercises of the day." 

The last big rally held in Columbus in the 
fall of 1888 was that of the Democratic party, 
held on Saturday, November 3d, three days be- 
fore the election. It is said that when the chair- 
man of the Democratic County Central Com- 
mittee saw the big Republican rally, which was 
held on October 13th, he said he was deter- 
mined to surpass it in number, at the next 
Democratic rally, if it cost him a thousand dol- 
lars out of his own pocket. He set out to do if; 
and it is generaly conceded that he succeeded. 
I quote again from the Baxter Springs News, 
of November 10, 1888: 

"The demonstration held at Columbus last 
Saturday, by the Democratic party of this 
county, exceeded, in point of numbers, anything 
else of the kind ever held in Southern Kansas. 
During the forenoon every road leading into 
Columbus was literally a grand procession of 
wagons, buggies and horsemen in gay uni- 
forms, while the trains invariably arrived late 
and loaded down to the guards : and when about 

noon the vast assemblage had gathered in and 
about the city, it was found that no amount of 
good generalship there obtainable was adequate 
to handle the throng and get them into line for 
the grand parade. After struggling for about 
one hour and a half to get a start of some kind, 
and in some order, the words, 'forward, march,' 
were given ; and then for fully an hour delega- 
tion behind delegation, with bands playing and 
colors floating, filed into line and paraded the 
principal streets of the town. A general rush 
was then made for dinner, which cut the parade 
short. After dinner the several bands met 
at the speakers' stand in the public square, and 
after giving several selections, and the glee 
club had sung a piece or two, Hon. T. T. Crit- 
tenden, of Missouri, was introduced, and he 
made a lengthy and interesting address. At 
five o'clock in the afternoon the Galena, Mel- 
rose, Weir City, Monett (Mo.) and the Bax- 
ter Springs cornet bands met at the Odd Fel- 
lows' Hall and, under the command of Col. L. 
C. Weldy, made a parade around the square, 
in platoons of five, playing in unison a difficult 
quickstep. Returning to the hall, a halt was 
called and another piece was selected, playing 
which the band of sixty pieces marched in single 
file into their large dining hall, filing around the 
tables until the selection was ended. This was 
a feature of a demonstration not on the pro- 
gram, but it was, nevertheless, not the least in- 
teresting. It was acknowledged by all musi- 
cians, as well as by others, to be the most won- 
derful band performance ever given in Kan- 
sas, both as regards the music and the drill. 
Col. Weldy won glittering laurels from the 
band boys, for the excellent manner in which he 
handled them. After supper three or four large 
excursion trains were received, the last one 
arriving after eight o'clock, after which the 



grand torchlight procession was formed and 
wended its way amid the glare of flambeaus, 
torches and rockets, the music of bands and 
drums, the crack of muskets and the huzzas of 
thousands of enthusiastic American citizens, 
through the principal streets and around the 
square again and again, until the crowd was 
gradually lessened, by the trampers, one by one, 
dropping out of the ranks, from sheer fatigue. 
The display of fireworks was exceptionally fine, 
as were also the decorations of the homes and 
buildings of the city, both day and evening. 
Owing to the fact that the election is now over, 
in the result of which the people are more inter- 
ested than in rallies, we cut this report much 
shorter than we otherwise would. There are 
many interesting features of which we have not 
spoken, for this reason." 


The original settlers of Cherokee County 
came from the Northern and Middle Eastern 
States. A very large proportion of them came 
from the States of Illinois and Indiana, a few 
from New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. Al- 
most none came from the New England States, 
and only a few from Michigan, Wisconsin and 
Minnesota, a few from Iowa, a few from Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee. 

The people who first came, as well as those 
who came later, were farmers who, after the 
war was over, and the country had taken on 
new life, betook themselves to newer parts, 
coming West, where they might light upon 
easier conditions and wider opportunities for 
building homes, and where larger returns might 
come of their labor and the comforts of life 
more rapidly accumulate. Many young men 

only a few years out of the army, where they 
had been affected by the spirit of adventure, 
came with the purpose of devoting themselves 
to the pursuits of peace, under enough of the 
inspiration of frontier life to keep alive the 
memory of the incidents of war. 

The population of Cherokee County, in 
1870, the first census after the organization of 
the county, is given in the following table : 

Pleasant View Township 971 

Cherokee Township 370 

Ross Township 449 

Sheridan Township 1,149 

Lola Township 650 

Salamanca Township 306 

Crawford Township 593 

Shawnee Township 894 

Lowell Township 1,612 

Spring Valley Township 2,364 

Lyon Township 378 

Neosho Township 900 

The town of Columbus 402 

Total 11,038 

In the census for that year the population 
of Baxter Springs was included in that of 
Spring Valley township ; Galena and Empire 
City were included in the population of Lowell 
township, and Weir City was included in Cher- 
okee township. 

The following table shows the population of 
Cherokee County, by townships and cities, for 
the years 1880, 1890 and 1900: 

Townships 1880 1890 1900 

Pleasant View 1,107 1,181 1,073 

Cherokee 996 1,639 2,135 

Mineral 1,144 1,189 L539 

Ross 1,071 1,224 2,776 

Sheridan 1,642 1,661 1,325 

Lola 1,052 792 1,145 

Salamanca 1,993 1.061 1.016 

Crawford 893 947 857 



Townships 1880 1890 1900 

Shawnee 995 983 950 

Lowell 5,-2.24 1,486 1.486 

Garden 1, 134 1,296 2,652 

Spring Valley 2,499 1,512 1,432 

Lyon 909 975 1,043 

Neosho 1,246 1,124 1,123 

21,895 17,010 20,552 

Columbus 1,164 2,135 2,414 

Galena 2,362 10,511 

Baxter Springs 1.324 1.539 

Empire City 1,367 889 2,245 

Scammon 649 1,802 

Weir City 376 2,308 3,091 

24,802 26,677 42,154 
For the year 1880 the population of Galena, 
that of Baxter Springs and that of Scammon 
were included in the townships in which they 
are situate, which accounts for their not being 
given among the cities. Effort was made to get 
the figures, but there is no public record cover- 
ing these matters at the county seat ; that is, as 
to the three places named, for that year. 

The small increase in population, from 1880 
to 1890, was due to the generally hard times 
which prevailed in that period, as also to the 
fact that progress in the development of the 
mining interests of the county was slow and 
uncertain. The big increase in the next decade 
was due to opposite conditions from those just 
mentioned, and also to the fact that the people 
paid off most of their mortgages and were in 
every way better off than they had been, which 
condition attracted the attention of persons in 
other States and drew a brisk immigration. 
But the chief factor in the increase of popula- 
tion was the tremendous activity in the mining 
regions. The prices of ore had gone up, new 
mines were being opened and men were needed 
in large numbers. The influx of mine workers 
brought others, and so there was a rapid, strong 
increase, proportionate to the requirements 
which brought them ; but not all of this in- 
crease could be counted as entering into the per- 
manent population of the county. 



The Public Schools — The Churches, Lodges and Benevolent Societies. 


The spirit of public education is one of the 
chief characteristics of the people who live in 
Kansas. The soil of the land may be richer 
in some places than in others ; in matter of 
rainfall the "short grass" districts of the west- 
ern part of the State may not compare with 
the more favored eastern section ; but in matters 
pertaining to the education of their children 
the people maintain a uniformity of sentiment, 
and everywhere the same strong enthusiasm un- 
interruptedly prevails. Persons are sometimes 
heard complaining of public expenses of various 
kinds ; but there is one item concerning which 
a murmur is never .heard: The public 
school is absolutely immune ; it is not sub- 
jected to the ordeal of rigid investigation such 
as is often made into other matters of public 
concern. It is the pride of the people. 

Cherokee County has 120 public schools, 
outside of the cities. There are 14 schools in 
the cities of the county, besides the County 
High School at Columbus. All told, there are 
135 schools in the county, as shown by the 
county superintendent's report, for the school 
year 1903-04. These are distributed uniformly 
over the county, so that not a community within 

its borders can be found without a school house, 
well furnished and under the charge of an in- 
dustrious, well qualified teacher. 

Columbus has three school buildings and 13 
teachers. O. C. Ecke is the superintendent. 
The teachers are : R. D. Jones, S. A. Mentzer, 
Clara Elliott, Plattie Colvin, Bessie Furness, 
Ruth Kenworthy, F. W. Peterson, Mabel At- 
kins, Etta Staton, Lizzie G. Adams, Gertrude 
Lacock and George E. Rogers. Formerly, the 
city maintained a High School whose graduates 
were admitted to the State University; but 
since the establishment of the County High 
School, the City High School was set aside. 

Galena has five school buildings, and the 
School Board will soon complete a High School 
building, at a cost of $20,000, which, when 
completed, will be the second best building in 
the county, ranking next to the County High 
School at Columbus. J. A. Higdon is super- 
intendent of the Galena schools, and the fol- 
lowing are the teachers : F. H. Barbee, prin- 
cipal of the High School; Rebecca Hunter, Lu- 
cile Goodwin, Mattie Burkholder, Lucy Vest, 
Rhoda Bowers, Emma Shivel, Wilhelmina 
Scheulin, Clara Crosson, L. J. Pickering, Mar- 
guerite Miller, Victoria Bunch, Pearl Garrison, 
Jessie Ditson, Annetta Beals, Gertrude Ander- 



son, Flora Hubbard, Sarah Walkenshaw, Alma 
Carpenter, Eva Orr, Juliette Hunter, Elsie 
Watkins, Lena Bushorr and Laura Person. 

Baxter Springs has one large school build- 
ing and eight teachers. T. B. Mosher is the 
superintendent, and the teachers are : Daisy 
Catlett, Cora Tyndall, Nellie Stewart, Pearl 
Masters, Nellie Williams, Mattie L. Moore and 
William Martin. The rapid growth of the 
city will make it necessary, within the coming 
two years, to provide larger facilities. 

Weir City has two buildings and 17 teach- 
ers. George B. Deem is the superintendent, 
and the teachers are : Anna White, Mary 
Brown, Lizzie Beatty, Martha Bonnett, Anna 
Fanna, Delia French, Luella Gager, Maud 
Gager, Mamie Rodda, Arthur Clark, Sallie 
Robertson, Iva Haney, Minnie Anderson, Liz- 
zie Robson and W. P. Cowen. 

Scammon has one large building and eight 
teachers. The principal of the last year was 
S. N. Montgomery, and the teachers were : M. 
J. Kane, Nellie Mitchell, Mary Williamson, 
Libbie Reno, Myrtle Hunsaker, Maggie Dunn 
and Lulu Newton. 

Empire City has one building and five 
teachers. Clinton Wright is principal, and the 
teachers are: Lillian Balch, Eura Piper, Myr- 
tle Hickman and Pauline Reeves. 

Mineral City has one building and six 
teachers. J. A. Knox is principal, and he is 
assisted by the following teachers : Emma 
Hunker, Ada Kenny, Nellie Gibbs, Pearl M. 
Wiggins and Lillian White. 

The Cherokee County High School build- 
ing was erected at Columbus, in the year 1900, 
at a cost of about $18,000. The High School 
Board recently contracted for the erection of an 
addition which will cost, when finished and fur- 
nished, about $13,000. A manual training de- 

partment will be added when the new building 
is ready. 

The attendance at the County High School, 
the first year, was more than 200. For the 
school year 1903-04, the attendance was 260. 
The school has turned out 102 graduates and a 
good number of them have entered the State 
University, being admitted to the sophomore 
year. It is expected that the County High 
School, for the coming year, will have 350 
students, almost all from Cherokee County. C. 
S. Bowman has been principal of the school 
since its founding, and he has been chosen by 
the board for the year 1904-05. The following 
are the other teachers : S. W. Black, M. L. 
Catlett, Catherine Denwith, Albert Mulliken, 
Ada Baker, Mr. Bordeau and Florence Adams. 
The arrangement with the Board is for Miss 
Adams to take charge of the manual training 
school. The board of directors of the school 
are : Birdie Adams, county superintendent, ex 
officio president ; Emerson Hull, secretary ; J. 
Shoman, Walter Merrick, D. C. Walker, David 
Mackie, Jr., and T. J. Vest. The members of 
the board are elected by the people, for a term 
of two years. 

It is probable that no other county in the 
State of Kansas shows more enthusiasm in the 
support and maintenance of its high schools 
than in Cherokee County ; and, indeed, this may 
be said of the schools of the country districts, 
as is shown in the fact that for the school year 
1903-04 the country schools had 6.062 pupils, 
an average of more than 53 pupils to the school. 
Some of the country schools have more than 
one teacher in each of them. Union District, 
No. 18, has two; Sherman District. No. 21, has 
two ; Coal Valley District, No. 59, has three ; 
Roseland District. No. 70, has two ; Hallowell 
District, No. 76, has two: Crestline District, 



No. 78, has two; Union District No. 91, has 
two; Melrose District, No. 96. has two; Stip- 
ville District, No. 102, has two; Stone City 
District, No. 105, has two. 

The excellent standard of the public schools 
of Cherokee County is due, mainly, to the uni- 
formly strong interest which the people have 
taken in them, and to the watchful care of the 
school directors in the employment of teachers. 
As a rule, the moral and intellectual fitness of 
the teachers has been such as could not be called 
in question. Within recent years the teachers 
have beeen selected from among those educated 
in the county ; and among them there has been 
maintained a spirit of hearty co-operation 
which can come only from a feeling of high, 
common interest in a cause which affects every 
condition of society. For the closer guarding 
of this interest, and for the maintenance of an 
effective standard of mental and moral fitness 
for the work, the county provides a normal 
school, held during the month of June, each 
year, which every teacher in the county is re- 
quired to attend. In addition to this, and for the 
purpose of providing a sufficient number of 
teachers for the schools, a normal course is 
maintained in the County High School. 

The uniformly good condition of the schools 
of the county is also largely due to the fact that, 
as a rule, the county superintendents have been 
of good selection. A superintendent is chosen 
at the general election, every two years, and the 
salary of the office is such as to lead well quali- 
fied persons to seek it. The first county super- 
intendent, elected in 1868, was D. R. Martin. 
Dr. Martin was one of the first settlers of the 
county. He was a physician, and lived in Lola 
township, where he died in 1902. T. S. Stock- 
slager was elected superintendent in 1870. J. 
A. Murray was elected in 1872. H. \V. San- 

dusky was elected superintendent in 1874. He 
was a teacher, and a man of scholarly attain- 
ments. E. M. Mason was elected in 1876, and 
as county superintendent he was succeeded by 
J. H. Baxter, now a resident of Columbus and 
one of the leading physicians of the county. Dr. 
Baxter was elected superintendent in 1878. E. 
J. Leggett was elected superintendent in 1880. 
Sallie Hutsell, now Mrs. Sallie Hutsell Crane, 
was elected county superintendent in 1882, and 
again in 1884. She was the first woman that 
held the office, and the impress of her good 
work in the interest of public education has 
not ceased being felt in the county. M. F. 
Jarrett, then a prominent teacher in the county, 
was elected to the office in 1886, and again in 
1888. He was thorough in his work, and dur- 
ing the four years of his service the condition of 
the schools throughout the county was con- 
stantly advanced. He is now living at Fort 
Scott, Kansas, and is one of the leading physi- 
cians of the State. In 1890 Anna Widman was 
chosen to discharge the duties of the office, and 
in 1892 she was re-elected. She put her best 
energies into the work, and at the end of her 
last term left the schools in increased favor 
among the people. E. O. Herod, then superin- 
tendent of the city schools of Galena, was 
elected superintendent in 1894. C. F. Cool was 
elected to the office in 1896, and again in 1898. 
In 1900 he was given a place on the faculty of 
the County High School, where he remained 
three years. In 1902, S. N. Montgomery, then 
superintendent of the city schools of Scammon, 
was elected county superintendent. He now has 
a position in the city schools of Los Angeles, 
California. Birdie Adams, who had been a 
prominent teacher in the county for many years, 
was elected superintendent in 1902. Under her 
management of the office the schools of the 



county have been improved, and she has done 
much toward bringing them to the high stand- 
ard which they have attained. 



Of Cherokee County are about such as may be 
found in any other part of the country where 
social conditions are the same. It is an age 
characterized by a tendency to join something. 
Few people now live apart from all social re- 
lationships. The scripture, "No man liveth to 
himself," is about literally fulfilled. Society 
is wonderfully "chopped up" in these days of 
hurry and feverish anxiety for reaching sup- 
posedly advantageous ends. Xever was there 
a time when the great, middle classes of the 
people were so intermingled, in a social way, 
and so tempered through business considera- 
tions. The social feature in all these interming- 
lings is merely incidental. It grows out of the 
business element, which has the controlling, 
directing influence. It is now rare for one to 
seek affiliation with a lodge or a society other 
than through the prompting of an ulterior mo- 
tive for gaining some material advantage. 
Business interests go a long way in matters of 
this kind : but whether this may be said in a 
commendatory way or not, is questionable. It 
is no doubt true that the merging of classes, 
whether through selfish or unselfish motives, 
tends to emphasize the sentiment of brother- 
hood, for it broadens the views of the individ- 
ual, and it enables him to note the measure of 
his influence among his fellows and thereby to 
determine his importance in the community 
where he lives. Anyhow, the tendency toward 
improved social conditions is manifest: it could 
scarcely be otherwise, for the moral fiber in 

society yet prevails, and there are few, if any, 
indications that it will not continue so. 

Presumably, in a chapter dealing with mat- 
ters of the kind now under consideration, the 
churches ought to have first mention, at least 
in a general way; for religion, professedly, has 
to do with thought of "the life that now is, and 
of that which is to come." But churches, 
lodges and societies, in the aspects which they 
all present to the unprejudiced observer, in 
these days of "the open door," have many 
things in common, and to some they "all look 
alike." It may not be said that there is less of 
spiritual-mindedness, nor that there is a want 
of positive power and influence for good ; but 
it cannot be denied that, with some persons of 
a certain mental type, membership in a church 
or in a society is held as equivalent to so much 
capital stock in trade. 

The Methodist Episcopal Church, in its 
numerical strength, is the leading denomina- 
tion in Cherokee County, as well as in the 
whole State of Kansas. The influence which 
this denomination lent toward the movement 
for the emancipation of slavery in the United 
States, coupled with the political trend of pub- 
lic affairs since 1856, has led to a large gather- 
ing into its fold. In a state like Kansas it occu- 
pies practically every township, and it has a 
membership organization in every hamlet, vil- 
lage, town and city. Its oligarchial form of 
government, while not favorable to strict, re- 
publican principles, is found to be wonderfully 
efficient and generally satisfactory to the mem- 
bership. Its zeal for progress in numerical 
force never lags, while the spiritual impulse 
cannot be surpassed by any other denomina- 
tion. As has been noted elsewhere, the first 
Methodist Church organized in Cherokee Coun- 
ty was effected through the efforts of Dr. C. C. 



McDowell and a few others, at his house in 
Shawnee township, about the year 1867. There 
were 19 members in the original organization, 
some of whom are yet living. From this small 
beginning the denomination has grown so rap- 
idly that, at the present, it probably outnum- 
bers all other religious denominations in the 
county, taken as a whole. In every hamlet, 
village, town and city of the conuty it has the 
strongest organization, and every organization 
has its regular minister constantly in superin- 
tendence of its affairs. There are no vacan- 
cies, as under its form of government none can 
exist for more than the shortest time. 

The other denominations, in the order of 
their numerical strength, are about as follows: 
Christian, Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Uni- 
ted Brethren, Seventh-Day Adventists, Epis- 
copalians, the Latter-Day Saints and the Qua- 
kers. Of each of these there are several church 
organizations in the county, some strong, others 
weak. All the denominations agree upon cer- 
tain cardinal or fundamental principles of re- 
ligion ; but they are kept separate in their orga- 
nizations and in their work mainly through dif- 
ference of belief as to forms of doctrine on rites 
and ceremonies and in views concerning eccle- 
siastical government. An old settler, recently 
speaking of the difference in views and prac- 
tices, between those of the present day and those 
of the pioneer times, said that much of the "old- 
time religion," felt and practiced by the people 
when the country was new, and when there was 
not so much strife for room and supremacy 
in denominational influence has died out and 
given place to the lifeless formalism character- 
istic of this lighter-minded age ; that the people 
now go more for display and curiosity, when 
there is to be an assembly for public worship. 
Materialism, he claims, has taken large hold 

upon the minds and hearts of the people, due, 
it is perhaps safe to say, to the supposed pros- 
perity in worldly things that is now pointed 
out with so much pride. The church organi- 
zation is not now so reverentially regarded as 
formerly. Mental training has been pursued, 
too often to the neglect of the moral forces, and 
conviction does not rest so heavily upon the 
mind, as touching any particular religious obli- 
gation, for the widening of the intellectual 
range often prompts one to believe that he is 
able to "explain away" some of the teachings 
which formerly gave religious dogmas the force 
and terror of a supposed, immediate revelation. 
There is so much to detract the mind from the 
consideration of what are sometimes termed 
serious matters, and in the rush and hurry of 
our fresh, free and frightful civilization there 
is so little leisure and opportunity for giving 
attention to "weightier matters," that what 
might be called intentional neglect is due to the 
stress of the times in which we live. It is per- 
haps safe to say that the people, while appar- 
ently not so, are just as deeply religious as the 
generations which have gone on : the difference 
being that people now see things from a differ- 
ent view-point ; reading is more general and 
there is a wider and speedier exchange of 
thought upon any and all subjects of interest, 
mentally, morally and materially. 

The work and influence which the religious 
denominations have done and exerted in Chero- 
kee County cannot be gainsaid ; and the import- 
ance of their work and influence, as now going 
on and yet to go on, cannot be set aside and 
treated as a matter of light concern : for while 
there remains a spiritual element in human 
nature, and there are doubts and questionings 
as to the purpose and destiny of our living, 
there will be some form of recognition of the 



relation which we sustain to the present life 
and to that which is yet to come. 

The lodges or secret orders and institu- 
tions in Cherokee County are such as may be 
found elsewhere in the country. These may 
be divided into two classes. First, those which 
are designed exclusively for the exemplification 
of certain principles and virtues, the teachings 
of which are associated with events lying far 
back in the history of the world, and which 
have come down to us through the legendary 
lore of "ancient crafts," here and there leaving 
their "landmarks,*' recorded by the wayside of 
the historic path. The second class includes 
such lodges and orders as have their primary 
purpose in seeking out ways and means for 
maintaining a closer compact of mutual de- 
pendence, whereby, in case of the death of a 
member, the survivors will extend to the rela- 
tives of the deceased a kind of protection and 
support, in lieu of what the deceased would do, 
if yet living. This is broadly known as the 
practical principles of fraternity. These orders 
also have their social features which can scarce- 
ly be other than helpful, in many ways. They 
take the forms of amusement, afford opportuni- 
ties for pleasant, restful recreation, give relief 
from the tedium of life, broaden acquaintance 
and serve in many other ways to brighten what 
might otherwise be a gloomy, cheerless exist- 

Alasonry is perhaps the oldest institution 
known to what are called the enlightened peo- 
ples of the earth. In some form, and always 
preserving certain traditions and enforcing cer- 
tain virtues, it is known wherever the habita- 
tions of man have been pitched ; and in what- 
ever quarter of the globe it may be found, 
whether with the cultured and refined in the 
great cities of the world, or among those who 

dwell in tents on the sands of the desert, its 
life-roots may be traced back through the mists 
of antiquity to events which gave it character 
and purpose and a growth which seems to know 
no decay. Wherever man has gone to make 
his home on the frontier and to gather to him 
the conditions of intelligent, social life, thus 
forming communities and States, the principles 
of the institution find formal expression and 
lodges are formed. So it was in Cherokee 

The first Masonic lodge chartered in Chero- 
kee County was Baxter Springs Lodge, No. 71, 
chartered October 21, 186S. L. D. Brewster 
was the Master for the year 1903. 

The second Masonic lodge chartered in the 
county was Prudence Lodge, Xo. 100, at Co- 
lumbus. October 19, 1S71. Elmer R. Pattyson 
was master for the year 1903. 

Galena Lodge, Xo. 194, was the third lodge 
chartered in the county, February 17. 1881. 
William A, Stone was master last year. 

Black Diamond Lodge. Xo. 274, was char- 
tered at Weir City. February 16, 1887. David 
B. White was master last year. 

Scammon Lodge, Xo. 351, was chartered 
February 15, 1903. Ivan B. Grant was master 
for the year 1903. 

There is a chapter of the Royal Arch Ma- 
sons at Columbus, one at Galena and one at 
Baxter Springs. 

The Order of the Eastern Star, an auxiliary 
to the institution of Masonry, has a lodge at 
each of the five places in the county where there 
is a Masonic lodge. It will be seen that the 
Odd Fellows have 12 lodges in the county, 
while the Masons have but five. 

As to the time of the organization or char- 
tering of the lodges of the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows, in Cherokee County, I have no 



information at hand. The following lodges of 
the order, by numbers, are now in the county : 
Columbus, No, 387; Baxter Springs, No. 235; 
Galena, No. 195; Weir City, No. 183; Hallo- 
well, No. 205; Crestline, No. 476; Skidmore, 
No. 552; Scammon, No. 397; Melrose, No. 
408; Empire City, No. 148; Sherwin Junction, 
No. 411. The Order of Rebekah, woman's 
auxiliary to the Odd Fellows order, has two 
lodges at Columbus, and one each at the other 
places in the county where there is an Odd Fel- 
lows' lodge. 

The Improved Order of Red Men have a 
few lodges in the county; but the information 
at hand enables me to give no particulars. The 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks has 
but one lodge in the comity, and that at Galena. 
It has members living in different parts of the 

The Knights of Pythias have lodges in the 
county at the following places : Columbus, Ga- 
lena, Baxter Springs, Weir City, Scammon and 
Mineral City. Tancred Division, No. 3, Uni- 
form Rank of the Knights of Pythias, was or- 
ganized January 27, 1883. It w-as one of the 
best drilled divisions in the United States, and 
under the command of Capt. J. H. Abbott, now 
dead, it took first prize at a drill exhibit at New 
Orleans, a few years after the organization. It 
also took first prize at Louisville, Kentucky, 
Carthage, Missouri, and at Emporia, Kansas. 
The division has since discontinued its organi- 
zation. The Rathbone Sisters is the woman's 
auxiliary to the Knight of Pythias ; there are 
several lodges of the auxiliary in the county. 

The Ancient Order of United Workmen is 
perhaps the oldest fraternal order in the coun- 
ty; and it has lodges as follows: Columbus, 

Galena, Baxter Springs, Weir City, Scammon 
and Mineral City. The Degree of Honor is 
the woman's auxiliary to the A. O. U. W. 

The Modern Woodmen of America and the 
Woodmen of the World have lodges at the 
principal places in the county, and they have 
grown to be numerically strong. 

Some of the other fraternal orders in the 
county are : Knights and Ladies of Security, 
Sons and Daughters of Justice and the Frater- 
nal Aid. All of these orders or societies have 
done much good ; and the home of many a de- 
ceased member, with the comforts needed for 
the family, has been made cheerful, as far as 
might be, through the thoughtful providence 
of the deceased, while yet living. 

Within recent years literary clubs, com- 
posed solely of women, have been organized 
all over the country, and they have done much, 
in many ways, for the mental and social im- 
provement of those who have entered them. 
Among these clubs we may mention the 
Shakespeare Club, the Home Culture Club and 
the Clio Club. These are all represented in 
Cherokee County. The general plan is to hold 
weekly meetings, through the fall, winter and 
spring months; and at these meetings a range 
of subjects is gone over, according to the liter- 
ary purpose of the club and a specially pre- 
pared program for the year. These clubs have 
a State federation, whose meetings are held 
annually; and there are certain district federa- 
tions which meet oftener. Literary clubs, such 
as are mentioned here, have organizations in 
Columbus, Galena, Baxter Springs, Weir City 
and Scammon. The Century Club has a strong 
organization at Galena, and the Sunshine Club 
is represented at several places. 



The Physicians of the County — The Courts — The Cherokee County Bar. 

Wherever the habitations of men are pitched 
and communities are formed physicians, law- 
yers, teachers and ministers of religion enter 
into the make-up of the population as essential 
factors in the progress of the affairs of the 
people. Bodily infirmities, errors in conduct, 
ignorance in the fields of knowledge and 
thoughts and reflections on the spiritual import 
of the life which we now live, with the hopes 
and fears relating to the life which is to come, 
make places for, and give rise to, these classes 
of men. 

the physicians of the county. 

So long as there are diseases and ailments 
in the physical organism of man, physicians will 
be sought and remedies prescribed, sometimes 
even to the wasting of one's substance, and that 
without relief; sometimes to the regaining of 
strength, at the cost of a simple drug. The 
considerations of food, raiment and shelter, 
which chiefly employ the genius and industry of 
man, and which enter into and make up the 
commerce of the world, are not the only mat- 
ters upon which man bestows his attention ; for 
next following these is the consideration of 
the health of his bodilv frame. 

In its early settling, Cherokee County, like 
all other new countries, had its course to run in 
the diseases among the people common where 
malarial conditions prevail. Chills, ague, inter- 
mittent and remittent fevers and the other 
forms of ailment which come from such condi- 
tions were generally prevalent. Then there 
were the extreme hardships through which the 
people had to pass and the deprivations which 
they underwent. Their houses were not com- 
fortable, their clothing was sometimes not such 
as it should have been and their food was often 
not the best adapted for giving strength and 
hardihood. These conditions opened the way 
for the physician, and he was earl)'' on the 
ground, and it was well that he was, if he was 
wise in his counsel and cautious and intelligent 
in his practice. However, as a rule, the best 
physicians are not the first to go upon the 
frontier or into new settlements. Usually they 
are young men seeking an opening for the prac- 
tice of that which they have recently learned in 
the schools, or older ones who have not suc- 
ceeded in the earlier settled portions of the 
country, and are looking for places where they 
may begin anew in their more or less experi- 
mental operations. 

Dr. C. C. McDowell, the father of S. O. 



McDowell and J. F. McDowell, was one of 
the very first physicians that settled in Chero- 
kee County. He came to Shawnee township in 
1866 and took a claim just north of the present 
site of Crestline, where he lived the remaining 
part of his life, and where he attended to the 
practice of his profession. He was an ardent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
was an ordained preacher of the denomination. 

Dr. Patty, father-in-law of Judge John N. 
Ritter, settled at Lowell in 1867 and practiced 
medicine there for several years. He after- 
wards lived on a farm, and later moved to 
Columbus and still later to Wichita, where he 
died about the year 1898. 

Dr. Warrington settled in Shawnee town- 
ship in 1867; but of the extent of his practice, 
or as to what became of him, there is little 

Dr. D. R. Martin, who became widely 
known over Cherokee County, settled at Hallo- 
well, in Lola township, in 1866. He was elected 
county superintendent of schools very early in 
the history of the county. He had a general 
practice, which he continued for many years, 
dying at his home at Hallowell about the year 

Doctors O'Connor, Street and Stewart all 
settled at Baxter Springs in 1867. Dr. Stewart 
was from Mississippi. He was once a candidate 
on the Republican ticket for the office of county 
superintendent of schools, but was defeated. 

Dr. C. W. Hoag, now living at Weir City, 
and practicing his profession there, came to 
Cherokee County in 1871. He settled first at 
Coalfield, a small station on the Kansas City, 
Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad, and he was the 
company's agent there for a while. In 1877, 
when Hugh Lincoln, justice of the peace for 
Cherokee township, died. Dr. Hoag was ap- 

pointed to succeed him, by Governor George 
T. Anthony. 

Dr. E. A. Scammon, now living in Colum- 
bus, came to Cherokee County in 1869. He 
had but recently graduated from Ann Arbor, 
and was seeking a location for the practice of 
his profession. He soon afterward became in- 
terested in coal lands, and he, with his brothers, 
S. F. Scammon and E. C. Scammon, opened the 
first coal mine in Kansas, south of the Leaven- 
worth district. This was near where the city 
of Scammon now stands. Dr. Scammon did 
not continue long in the practice of medicine. 
He sold his interests in the coal mines and went 
into the drug business in Columbus. He con- 
tinued in this business until 1902, when he re- 
tired from business. 

Dr. J. H. Baxter came to Cherokee County 
in 1875. He is a native of Indiana, and is a 
graduate from Bellevue Medical School, of New 
York. Dr. Baxter, for some time after he came 
to Cherokee County and settled in Columbus, 
was the only medical graduate in the practice 
of medicine at this place. He has had an exten- 
sive practice, but more recently he has discon- 
tinued attending calls, except where he is called 
in consultation with other physicians. He does 
almost an exclusive office business, which takes 
about all his time. 

As in any other profession, physicians come 
and go. Time sifts out the earlier ones, and 
their places are taken by others. Thus has it 
been in Cherokee County. Nearly all the first 
physicians that settled in the county are now 
gone. Here and there one may be found who 
was here in the early days, when the country 
was sparsely settled and the practice was but 
lightly remunerative. Dr. Scammon, in point 
of residence, is perhaps the oldest physician in 
the county. Dr. Hoag, of Weir City, is per- 

9 2 


haps the next, with Dr. J. P. Scoles, of Galena, 
following. The last named has lived contin- 
uously at Galena since 1877, or the year of the 
"discovery" of lead and zinc at that place. But 
I have omitted to say that Dr. Baxter came to 
the county before Dr. Scoles came. 

From conversation with the older physi- 
cians of the county some information is gath- 
ered concerning the particular diseases common 
among the people during the pioneer period. 
Like all other new sections, Cherokee County 
had its time with malarial fever, ague, chills and 
other maladies and ailments growing out of 
the peculiar climatic and local conditions. It 
is said that these were particularly stubborn, 
no doubt largely due to the circumstances of 
the people. Everything tended to give the odds 
against the settlers and in favor of the malady. 
Exposure to heat in the warmer seasons and to 
cold during the rigorous winters, and living in 
houses not the most suitably prepared for domi- 
cile and upon food not of a wide variety and 
wholesome quality ; all these made up conditions 
not advantageous to the physical well being of 
the people. There was, however, a remarkable 
freedom from pneumonia and typhoid, and 
diphtheria and scarletina were practically un- 
known. Malaria was the chief dread, with 
rheumatism the next to be feared. There were 
no epidemics, and there never have been, except 
that smallpox, in a very light form, has three 
times run over the country. The physicians re- 
gard the climatic conditions of Cherokee 
County as now being exceedingly favorable to 
health, and these, with the improved general 
conditions and a wider knowledge of the laws 
of health, are taken into the account in explain- 
ing why people live so long here and so enjoy 
life. In the city of Columbus, with a popula- 
tion of fewer than three thousand people, there 

are more than fifty persons over the age of 
seventy, and several of these are over the age 
of eighty. 

The following is a list of the physicians now 
living in Cherokee County, according to infor- 
mation furnished me by Dr. D. Winter, the 
county health officer : 

Baxter Springs, — C. M. Jones, R. B. En- 
glish and R. C. Wear. Columbus, — E. A. 
Scammon, J. H. Baxter, W. N. Johnson, C. 
S. Huffman, P. J. Hendrickson, J. Dale Gra- 
ham, J. S. Xewton, Mary Kraft, J. W. Janes 
and D. Winter. Galena, — J. P. Scoles, John 
Allen, H. A. Brown, Clem H. Jones, E. B. 
Payne, W. Sam Jones, R. C. Lowdermilk, 
William Jones, E. L. Higginbotham, W. R. 
Hart, Margaret Hart, Fred C. Northrup, H. 
R. Savage, W. A. Walker and Dr. Von Mueller. 
Scammon, — A. H. Revell, H. H. Brookhart and 
R. M. Markham. Weir City, — C. W. Hoag. J. 
H. Boss, J. R. Adams, George B. McClelland 
and Dr. Crum. Mineral City, — J. H. Greene, J. 
W. Steever and L. L. Souders. East Mineral, 
— C. L. Russell, R. S. Mahan and George P. 
Bell. Empire City,— F. R. McGinnis. Mel- 
rose, — G. W. Walker. Sherwin Junction. — 
O. L. Young. Crestline, — J. L. Griswold. 
Hallowell— W. A. Ward and Frank L. Ball. 


The Eleventh Judicial District of the State 
of Kansas was formerly the Sixth Judicial Dis- 
trict. It comprised Cherokee, Crawford, Bour- 
bon and Linn counties. At a time of which I 
have no certain knowledge the counties of 
Cherokee. Labette and Montgomery were made 
to comprise the Eleventh District. In 1901 
Cherokee County of itself became the Eleventh 
District, Labette and Montgomery counties be- 



ing made the Fourteenth judicial District. The 
necessity for the change grew out of the in- 
crease of population in this county. Here it 
was found that the litigation of this county 
alone was enough to take up the time of four 
terms of court of two months each, which is 
enough work for any judge. 

The first term of the District Court of 
Cherokee County was held in the house of 
William Little, at Pleasant View, the county 
seat, beginning May 4, 1867. The term cov- 
ered three days. The case of the State of Kan- 
sas against Jefferson Davis, for grand larceny, 
was the first case tried. Davis was convicted. 
The records of this term of court can not be 
found ; but William Little, at whose house the 
court was held, and who was then county clerk, 
elected at the preceding November election, 
was appointed to keep the records of the term. 
F. M. Logan had been elected recorder of 
deeds and district clerk, at the election last 
referred to; but there is nothing to show for 
which of the offices he qualified. Mr. Little, 
who now lives in Columbus, says that he him- 
self was clerk of this term of the District Court. 
Mr. Little says that the records of the court 
proceedings at that time were kept on scrolls, 
and not in bound books, the court officers not 
then being provided with bound books. I have 
made search for the scrolls, but they can not 
be found. In Trial Docket A, en the page next 
preceding that numbered "1," there is a pencil 
entrance, as follows: "No. 1. The State 
against Jefferson Davis — Grand Larceny." 
Case No. 2 has the same title. On the first 
regularly numbered page on the docket the 
numbers of the c~ses begin with No. 1, a civil 
case, in which Fletcher J. R. Williams is the 
plaintiff, against Martin J. Mann, defendant. 
Vcss & Brother and W. M. Matheny were the 

attorneys for the plaintiff; the docket does not 
show that the defendant had any attorney. 
There is nothing to show where the term was 
held. In the chapter of 'this history, relating to 
the organization of the county, mention is 
made of the records of the proceedings of the 
county commissioners, at their July, 1867, ses- 
sion; at that time they allowed the account of 
J. A. Smith, county attorney, $75, for the pros- 
ecution of Jefferson Davis. William Matheny 
was allowed $25 for assisting the county attor- 
ney in the case. These accounts, being allowed 
by the commissioners, at their July, 1867, ses- 
sion, show that the prosecution of Jefferson 
Davis took place at a prior time. The first 
term of the District Court must have been held 
at Pleasant View, as told by William Little, for 
it was not until in .April, 1868, that the county 
seat was moved to Baxter Springs ; but if the 
Pleasant View term was held including three 
consecutive days, beginning May 4, 1867, as 
he says it was, the court must have done busi- 
ness on the Sabbath Day, for the 5th of May, 
1S67, came on Sunday. However, this does 
not affect the record of the proceedings of the 
county commissioners, at whose session, in July, 

1867, was allowed the account for the prosecu- 
tion of Jefferson Davis, at the last term of 

D. P. Lowe was the first judge of the Dis- 
trict Court of Cherokee County. He lived at 
Mound City, Linn County. He presided at the 
opening of the first term of the District Court 
held at Baxter Springs, beginning May 4, 

1868. Lane Williams was the district clerk; 
but he was not present. William Little, his 
deputy, kept the records. William G. Seright 
was the sheriff, and James A. Smith was the 
o imity attorney. The last act that Judge Lowe 
did, as judge of the Cherokee County District 



Court, was to sign a journal entry, on page 79 
of Journal A, awarding a judgment for $42 
and costs in favor of Joseph Kitt, plaintiff, 
against Charles Westcott, defendant, and then 
to make the order, "that this court adjourn 
sine die." This was on October 8, 1869. Fol- 
lowing that, and before another term of the 
District Court of Cherokee County was held, 
the county was put into the Eleventh Judicial 

When the Eleventh Judicial District was 
formed, William C. Webb was appointed by the 
Governor as the judge of the district. On 
April n, 1870, as shown on page 83 of Journal 
A, the first day of the first term, the court was 
opened. There were present : William C. 
Webb, District judge; J. S. Vincent, sheriff; 
J. H. Ludlow, under sheriff; W. B. Shockly, 
clerk; T. P. Anderson, deputy clerk; and John 
N. Ritter, county attorney. Judge William C. 
Webb presided at that term of court ; but when 
the October term of that year came, October 
3rd, the first day of the term, the Cherokee 
County Bar requested Judge Webb to adjourn 
the court to the 12th day of December. It 
seems that the order he made, adjourning the 
court "until Monday, December 12, 1870, at 
10 o'clock, A. M.," was the last order he made 
as judge of the court, for when the court 
opened, December 12, 1870. Henry G. Webb 
was the judge. 

Judge Henry G. Webb served as judge of 
the Eleventh Judicial District about two years, 
when he resigned. B. W. Perkins was ap- 
pointed to fill the unexpired term, and in 1874 
he was elected, and again in 1878. He served 
two years under appointment and eight years 
under election. Judge Perkins was then elected 
to Congress, where he continued eight years. 
He was a man of high honor and strict integ- 

rity, and his superior ability was generally rec- 
ognized. He was later appointed to the United 
States Senate, from Kansas, to take the place 
made vacant by the death of Senator Plumb. 

George Chandler, of Independence, Mont- 
gomery County, was elected to the bench of the 
Eleventh Judicial District at the November 
election in 1882, and again in 1886. In the 
spring or summer of 1889 President Harrison 
appointed Judge Chandler Assistant Secretary 
of the Deparment of the Interior ; and upon his 
accepting the appointment, there was a vacancy 
in the judgeship of the district. Lyman U. 
Humphrey, then Governor, appointed John N. 
Ritter, of Columbus, to fill the unexpired term. 
Judge Ritter was a candidate for election at the 
November election. 1890, but he was defeated, 
and J. D. McCue was elected to the bench. 
Judge McCue was a candidate for re-election, in 
1894, but the election was in favor of A. H. 
Skidmore, of Columbus. Judge Skidmore was 
reelected in 1898, and he served until January, 
1903, when Judge W. B. Glasse, who had been 
elected at the previous November election, be- 
came judge of the district. 

Judge Lowe, after he had served several 
years as district judge, was elected to Con- 
gress. He moved from Mound City to Fort 
Scott, and died there some years ago. 

Judge William C. Webb, after leaving the 
bench, engaged in the practice of the law in 
Topeka, and later he compiled and published 
the laws of the State of Kansas. He was for 
a time the clerk of the Supreme Court. He died 
at Topeka about five years ago. 

Judge Henry C. Webb, who is a brother of 
William C. Webb, lives now at Parsons, Kan- 
sas. When he resigned the judgeship of the 
Eleventh District, he engaged in the practice 
of the law, at Oswego, Labette County, where 




I'M! hi;.« II 

-l, r -- ' rr :jf ,.^ 

Court House, Columbus 

0M ■■ 





Cherokee County High School, Columbus 



lie was regarded one of the ablest of his profes- 
sion. He possessed a wonderfully strong, ana- 
lytical mind and a striking personality. He 
had the native endowments for great achieve- 
ment, had it not been for a certain immobility 
which held him from the activities necessary 
for the accomplishment of things beyond the 

I have spoken of Judge Perkins ; but it may 
be added here, that while in Congress he was 
one of the four chief leaders of the House ; and 
it may be said to his credit that, while he was 
in a position for eight years where he had, no 
doubt, many great opportunities for financial 
gain, he came home, at the end of the time, 
without any means and not long afterward died 
a poor man. 

Judge Chandler, after serving his term as 
Assistant Secretary of the Department of the 
Interior, remained in Washington, where he 
now lives, and where he practices his profes- 

Judge Ritter was a banker besides being a 
lawyer. He came to Cherokee County a young 
teacher, but he had graduated from the law 
school of the University of Michigan at Ann 
Arbor. After teaching one or two terms, at 
Lowell, he removed to Columbus about the 
time the county seat was moved thither from 
Eaxter Springs. He was for two terms the 
county attorney, and after that he had a lucra- 
tive practice. He was the senior member of the 
banking firm of Ritter & Doubleday, and was 
a prosperous man until 1893, when the bank 
failed, on account of the panic of that year. 
With this misfortune others came, and these, 
with declining health hastened his death, which 
took place in January, 1897. 

Judge McCue resumed the practice of the 

law, after his term on the bench ; but in some 
way he lost his property at Independence, 
Montgomery County, and he then moved to 
Kansas City, Missouri, where he now lives. 
Judge McCue was one of the readiest lawyers 
that ever occupied the bench of the Eleventh 

Elsewhere in this volume mention is made 
of Judge Skidmore and of Judge Glasse, both 
of whom are widely known, not only in the 
Eleventh Judicial District, but throughout the 

It may be said that the men who have occu- 
pied the bench of the Eleventh Judicial District 
have been chosen from among the best lawyers 
within its limits, and that in the disposition of 
the causes which have come before them for 
adjudication they have followed a course of 
fairness and impartiality toward every one con- 
cerned therein. Possessing a clear understand- 
ing of the law, and feeling the responsibility 
of dealing out equal and exact justice in all 
their official acts, they have, with few excep- 
tions, been free from any damaging criticism 
among the people. They have had many seri- 
riously grave and important matters to pass 
under their judicial notice, requiring the most 
careful consideration of the intricate details of 
varying propositions of law and of fact ; but 
in all these they have acquitted themselves as 
men of capability and fixed integrity. 


In the early settling of Cherokee County 
there were a few lawyers, who came, as other 
classes, seeking openings for business. The 
first of these settled at Baxter Springs. Among 
the very first was James A. Smith, the first 

9 8 


county attorney. John E. Tutton, president of 
the Columbus State Bank, lived at Baxter 
Springs and knew Mr. Smith, who. on account 
of his height, was sometimes called "Long 
Jim." At the time of the Graham raid, which 
is spoken of in the chapter concerning Baxter 
Springs, Mr. Smith, it is said, took such a 
fright that he walked out of town, across the 
broad prairies, and never returned. I have 
been told that he now lives at Girard, Crawford 

The early trial dockets show the names of 
W. H. Hornor, W. M. Matheny, J. T. Voss, 
M. F. Edgington, William C. Webb, Henry T. 
Sumner, William Teal, John N. Ritter, Mc- 
Keighan & Waterman, Blair & Martin, Amos 
San ford, Henry G. Webb, W. P. Lamb, J. W. 
Davis, Addison Rucker, Thomas Rucker, J. R. 
Hallowell, Bishop & Perkins, R. J. Hill, M. V. 
B. Bennett, Danford & McComas, M. V. Voss, 
L. J. Webb, Brown, Case & Wright, J. R. Ed- 
wards, McCue, Bettis & Kelso. Many of these 
attorneys came from other counties, to attend 
court here, where they often had cases for trial. 
Hornor, Matheny, the Voss brothers, Ritter, 
McKeighan, Sanford, Hallowell and the 
Rucker brothers, and also James A. Smith, 
were resident lawyers. Later came T. P. An- 
derson, C. O. Stockslager, W. R. Cowley and 
W. H. Whiteman, whose names appear fre- 
quently on the trial dockets, following the year 
1872. T. P. Anderson was associated with 
John N. Ritter, under the firm name of Ritter 
& Anderson, and they were often in court. Mr. 
Ritter had been county attorney ; and after that 
he was much sought by those entering litiga- 
tion. E. A. Perry and C. W. Blair, of Fort 
Scott, were often in the court of Cherokee 
County. General Blair, who was for a long 

time an attorney for the Kansas City, Fort 
Scott & Gulf Railroad Company, is kindly re- 
membered by every Cherokee County lawyer 
that ever had anything to do with him. The 
same may be said of many other lawyers who 
lived in other counties and frequently practiced 
in this court. The firm name of Webb & Glasse 
appears on the trial docket along in the years 
after 1875. Afterward A. H. Skidmore, D. 
M. McKenney and J. D. Lewis come on. C. 

D. Ashley's name appears in 1882, and J. P. 
Perkins, E. M. Tracewell. R. M. Cheshire, W. 
J. Moore. William F. Sapp, John Wiswell and 

E. E. Sapp all had cases in court following the 
year 1883. 

The following are the members of the Cher- 
okee County Bar at this time : C. D. Ashley, 
N. T. Allison, R. W. Blue, James Bulger, R. 
M. Cheshire, W. R. Cowley, E. H. Cullison, 
Guy Cooter, A. S. Dennison. J. N. Dunbar, R. 
W. Emerson, H. C. Finch, W. B. Glasse, Jesse 
Forkner, H. A. Forkner, Ira Heaton, J. H. 
Hamilton, W. H. Lucas, A. L. Major, A. Mac- 
donald, C. S. Macdonald, C. A. McNeill, E. 
V. McNeill, W. H. Millstead. W. J. Moore, W. 
S. Norton, William F. Sapp. Edward E. Sapp, 
A. E. Schreiner, A. H. Skidmore, C. B. Skid- 
more, Samuel H. Smith, Will E. Spiva, Charles 
Stephens, J. R. Strother, E. M. Tracewell, S. 
L. Walker, F. A. Walker, George W. Wheat- 
ley, L. H. Winter, George H. Wilson, A. S. 
Wilson. S. C. Westcott, Al. F. Williams and 
John Wiswell. The following are now prac- 
ticing as firms : Blue & Bulger. Sapp (William 
F.) & Wilson (A. S.), the two Macdonalds, 
the two McNeills, Skidmore & Walker, Trace- 
well & Moore and Wiswell & Lucas. Ashley, 
Allison, Blue, Bulger, Cheshire, Cowley, Coo- 
ter, Dennison, Dunbar, Glasse, the two Fork- 



ners, Heaton, Hamilton, Lucas, the two Mc- 
Neills, Moore, Norton, A. H. Skidmore, Ste- 
phens, Tracewell, S. L. Walker, George H. Wil- 
son, Williams and Wiswell live at Columbus. 
Cullison, Major, Finch, the two Macdonalds, 
the two Sapps, Spiva, Strother, Wheatley, 

Winter, A. S. Wilson and Westcott live at 
Galena. Emerson, Millstead and F. A. Walker 
live at Weir City. Samuel H. Smith lives at 
Baxter Springs, and C. B. Skidmore lives at 
West Mineral. 



The newspapers of Cherokee County have 
done much in developing its material resources 
and in advancing the interests of the people in 
nearly every other way. There may have been 
exceptions to this general proposition, and there 
may now be exceptions to it ; but for the most 
part newspaper owners and newspaper editors 
who have come within the borders of the county 
and have cast their lots among the people, have 
devoted their energies to the general good, pa- 
tiently and without stint. Not many of them 
have reaped rich, material harvests; most of 
them have had a struggle, sometimes for the 
reason that the exactions of the public are often 
greater than its willingness to return a cheer- 
ful, material compensation ; sometimes for the 
reason that, without proper fitness for the work, 
men have undertaken the business, only to en- 
dure for a while and then quietly go away. 

The first newspaper published in Cherokee 
County -was the Baxter Springs Herald, the 
first issue of which was in October, 1867. It 
was owned and edited by B. R. and N. J. Evans. 
Baxter Springs was then a mere frontier camp, 
the home of some good, steady, reliable people, 
largely outnumbered by a floating class who 
drifted from place to place as their shifting 
fortunes opened the way. The paper had but 
a meager support, never strong, but constantly 
doubtful ; and before its first volume was 
rounded out the project was quietly abandoned. 

The second paper established in the county 
was the Cherokee Sentinel, also at Baxter 
Springs, in October, 1868, by M. \Y. Coulter 
and D. C. Holbrook. Some time in the spring 
of 1869, W. E. C. Lyons bought an interest in 
it. In December of that year Mr. Holbrook 
sold his interest to the other members of the 
firm. It was then conducted by them. Mr. Ly- 
ons being the editor and Mr. Coulter the busi- 
ness manager. I have not been able to get in- 
formation as to how long this paper was con- 
tinued ; before me lies a copy of the issue of 
Saturday, April 9, 1870. This number shows 
that some changes had taken place other than 
those I have mentioned. Lyons and Coulter 
are the proprietors, and W. E. C. Lyons is the 
editor. That was before Baxter Springs had 
a railroad ; but the Kansas City, Fort Scott & 
Gulf road was just then being finished to the 
place. The following reading matter and ad- 
vertisements are taken from this issue : 

Work has begun on the freight depot, and it 
will soon be ready for business. The passenger 
depot will soon be commenced. 

The District Court meets next Monday at Co- 
lumbus. Judge Webb will preside. We understand 
that the attorneys have agreed to move the post- 
ponement of all business until some time in June. 

W. M. Matheny, Attorney-at-Law, Land and 
Pension Agent, Baxter Springs, Kansas. Will pay 
especial attention to the collection of claims of all 

C. M. Waterman, Attorney-at-Law, and Notary 



McKeighan & Hornor, Attorneys at Law. Will 
practice in this and adjoining counties, in this State, 
and in the counties of Southwestern Missouri. 

Other lawyers whose advertisements ap- 
pear in the paper are A. W. Rucker, T. A. 
Rucker, Amos Sanford and T. F. Dewees. 

According to a time table, it is noted that 
the Kansas Stage Company, Southern and 
Overland Mail, sent out a coach, for Wirtonia, 
Pleasant View, Neutral City, LaReville, Ar- 
cadia, Fort Scott, Kansas City and Pleasant 
Hill, daily, (Monday excepted), at 6 a. m. 
And for Fort Gibson and the South, Tuesdays, 
Thursdays and Saturdays, at 6 a. m. J. M. 
Terry was the superintendent, with office oppo- 
site the Wiggins house. 

The following local item will be read by 
those who recall the events of the early days : 

The thanks of the editors of this paper are due 
to the members of Co. A, 6th U. S. Infantry, for a 
complimentary ticket to the grand ball to be given 
by them at their camp near Columbus, on the even- 
ing of April 13. We hope they will have a jolly 
good time. 

And this will be of interest to the people of 
Columbus then and yet living: 

The first passenger train of the Gulf road to 
Columbus is to be there by next Sunday night. All 
hail for Columbus! That young town has been 
growing rapidly for some time, and lately a number 
of very intelligent and influential men have located 
there. Col. Hallowell, L. J. Webb, Capt. T. P. An- 
derson and some others are there, and they will do 
wonders in building up the place. Their influence 
will destroy the poisonous effects of the leaders of 
the infamous League, who cared more for office 
than for the good of the people. 

A. T. Lea, who now lives in Columbus, 
started the publication of the Republican, at 


Baxter Springs, October 1, 1872. He contin- 
ued the publication until February, 1877, when 
he sold the paper to A. J. R. Smith. Mr. Smith 
continued the publication until February, 1888, 
when it ceased. 

The Columbus Independent was started at 
Columbus, September 1, 1870, by A. T. and 
W. J. Lea. After continuing the paper for two 
years, the Lea brothers sold it to A. W. Mc- 
Gill, who moved the paper to Oswego, Labette 
County, in September, 1872. It is now one of 
the leading papers of Labette County. 

The Galena Miner was established at Galena 
by A. T. Lea and S. O. McDowell, in April, 
1877. In 1880 they sold it to a Mr. Stebbins, 
ivho discontinued it after one year. 

The Columbus Advocate was established 
by A. T. Lea and E. A. Crewson, May 5, 1882. 
On the first of August of the same year, Mr. 
Crewson sold his interest to J. M. Roach ; and 
on January 1, 1883, Mr. Roach sold his inter- 
est to Mr. Lea. In July, 1889, Mr. Lea made 
his son, Asa Lea, a partner with himself in the 
business. This partnership continued until 
1894. when Mr. Lea, the elder, sold his interest 
to J. M. McNay, who came to Columbus from 
Phillipsburg, Kansas. In 1896 Mr. McNay 
bought out Asa Lea's interest in the paper, and 
for five years he conducted the business with 
such care and under such methods as made it 
very profitable. He then sold the paper, and in 
selling it he secured a price which justified the 
disposal of the property. 

The Columbus Courier was started Septem- 
ber 29, 1874, by J. F. McDowell. The paper 
was independent in politics and devoted to re- 
form. In March, 1876, the paper was sold to 
S. O. McDowell, and in February, 1877, it was 
consolidated with the Republican, and under the 
ownership and management of McDowell & 



Lea it continued until February, 1879, as the 
Republican-Courier. Mr. McDowell then 
bought out his partner's interest, and changed 
the name back to the Columbus Courier. 

The Border Star was established in the fall 
of 1881, by R. T. Ballard; but after about two 
months it passed into the hands of H. C. Jones 
and L. E. Albright. In 1882 Mr. Jones be- 
came the sole owner. Some time after that, the 
paper was consolidated with the Columbus 
Courier, when the new periodical was known 
as the Columbus Star-Courier. There is no in- 
formation at hand as to the changes of owner- 
ship, for the time from March, 1882, to Feb- 
ruary, 1888, when James Wilson sold the paper 
to J. H. Clawson and W. P. Eddy. In October, 
1888, Mr. Clawson sold his interest to N. T. 
Allison. The paper was owned and edited by 
Allison & Eddy until January 7, 1895, when 
N. T. Allison sold his interest to J. N. Cook, 
and shortly after that time Mr. Eddy sold his 
interest to W. S. Norton. Afterwards Mr. 
Norton bought Mr. Cook's interest, and 
the paper was edited by S. O. McDowell, who 
came back into newspaper work, after being 
several several years engaged in other matters. 
When Mr. McDowell took editorial charge of 
the paper, he changed the name back to the 
Columbus Courier. L. M. Dillman was the 
business manager of the paper during Mr. 
McDowell's connection with it as editor. About 
the year 1898 the editorship and management 
of the paper passed to Richart & Cavaness. 
They continued the publication until October, 
1902. At that time the ownership of the paper 
was combined with that of the Columbits Advo- 
cate, and the issue of the paper was discon- 

In October, 1869, at the time the contro- 
versy between the settlers and James F. Joy 

was chiefly engaging the attention of the 
people, The Neutral Land Printing Company 
began the publication of the Workingman's 
Journal, having Amos Sanford as its editor. 
C. D. Nichols and J. F. McDowell bought the 
paper early in the year 1872; and in July of 
that year Mr. Nichols sold his interest to Will- 
iam Higgins. The firm was then known as 
Higgins & Company. The paper was well sup- 
ported by the anti-Joy classes, until the contro- 
versy died out. It was then discontinued. 

The most largely circulated paper ever pub- 
lished in Cherokee County was the Reporter, 
published by Caldwell & Company, and edited 
by C. D. Nichols. It was devoted largely to 
efforts for inducing immigration. At one time 
it had a circulation of five thousand. It was 
started in 1882 ; but as to the time of its discon- 
tinuation there is no information. 

There are two newspapers at Weir City : 
the Tribune and the Journal. The Tribune was 
established in 1883 by J. F. McDowell, who 
established about as many newspapers in the 
State of Kansas as any other man could possi- 
bly do. Not all of the files have been kept ; and, 
on this account, the early changes of ownership 
and in the editorial management can not now 
be ascertained. I believe that the paper was in 
the management of A. L. Hayden back in the 
early "nineties," if not earlier. Then Horace 
Hayden, for a time, was editor and publisher. 
T. E. Haines has been editor and publisher 
since 1898, except one year, when John W. 
Kirk had charge of the paper. The Journal 
was established in 1888 by John McKillop. He 
sold it to a Mr. Robinson. After an uncertain 
existence, for a time, he sold the paper to a 
Mrs. Rudisill, who managed the paper well for 
some years, when Colonel Campbell bought it 
and had its management for two or three vears. 



Then Jarbo & Hill ran it for a while. Phil. 
Moore, formerly of Pittsburg, Kansas, is now 
the editor and proprietor. The paper is better 
manage 1 now than it was before Mr. Moore 
took charge of it. 

At Scammon there are two newspapers: 
the Journal and the Miner. The Journal was 
established in August, 1903, by L. M. Dillman. 
Mr. Dillman has probably worked at the news- 
paper business longer than any other man in 
Cherokee County. He was with Columbus 
papers for many years, first as a printer; then 
as foreman, and lastly as business manager. 
He afterwards went to Empire City, where he 
was the owner and editor of the Empire City 
Journal, and he was also the postmaster of the 
city for several years. In 1904, when the min- 
ing interests of the place fell off a good deal, 
he moved his printing office to Scammon, be- 
ginning the publication of the Journal as a new 
paper. The files of the paper while published 
at Empire City have not been kept. The Scam- 
mon Miner was established in 1889. It went 
through various ownerships which can not be 
given here; but Phil. L. Keener has been the 
editor and proprietor nearly all the time. He 
has done well with it. 

The Modern Light was established at Co- 
lumbus in 1891. It is now in its 14th year. 
Clavvson & Albin were the first owners. Mr. 
Albin died not long after the paper was estab- 
lished, and not long following this, Mr. Claw- 
son sold the paper to M. A. Housholder and 
J. W. Wallace. It had many hard experiences, 
and its chances for existence were often in the 
balance. It did not represent much property 
value, and the support which was given it was 
not at all encouraging. Often it was poorly 
edited, while the impression of its mechanical 
appearance was anything else but favorable. 

It finally "went to the wall," and was sold to 
N. T. Allison for $500. The next day he sold 
it to C. E. Dedrick for $750. The scale of its 
fortune then turned. Mr. Dedrick, who came 
to Columbus from Nebraska, was an experi- 
enced printer and a good business manager. 
The paper took on a better editorial tone, also, 
and its appearance was neater and more at- 
tractive. Additions were made to the printing 
material and to the machinery, and the value of 
the plant was much set forward. This was 
about the year 1895. September 1, 1897, Mr. 
Dedrick sold a half interest to W. B. Lowry. 
who was formerly a telegraph operator, and 
later the head clerk in a large dry goods house 
in Columbus. Mr. Lowry, when he became 
half owner of the Modern Light, made a house 
to house canvass through the rural districts and 
in the towns of Cherokee County, thereby 
greatly increasing the circulation of the paper. 
September 1, 1899, he bought the other half 
interest in the paper, then becoming the sole 
owner. By this time the value of the property 
had become greater, and its net earnings were 
very encouraging. In 1900 he bought a lot and 
put up a two-story office building on the north- 
west outer corner of the public square, at a cost 
of $3,000. Since then an addition has been 
made, at a cost of $500. The property, includ- 
ing the realty and the newspaper plant, is now 
worth $6,000. The paper now has a circulation 
of 2.800, of which there are 2,600 paid-up sub- 
scribers. Mr. Lowry owns a neat, comfortable 
home in the northwest part of the city, and he is 
out of debt, which shows that the newspaper 
business, usually considered hazardous in what 
are called country towns, is not always so. 

The Cherokee County Republican was es- 
tablished at Baxter Springs in 1894. For a 
time it was under the ownership and manage- 



ment of F. N. Newhouse and J. M. Newhouse, 
editor and publisher, respectively. W. S. Bax- 
ter, the present postmaster of Baxter Springs, 
is now the editor and proprietor. 

The Baxter Springs Neu-s was established 
in 1881 by Captain Rowley, with M. H. Gard- 
ner as foreman. Mr. Gardner afterwards be- 
came owner of the paper, and some years after- 
ward he sold a half interest to Charles L. 
Smith. About the year 1897 Mr. Smith became 
sole owner, and Mr. Gardner moved to Joplin, 
Missouri, where he now lives. The News is 
one of the best edited papers in the county, and 
it has a liberal support. 

The Galena Times was established in 1889 
by C. T. Dana, who, after conducting the busi- 
ness for several years, sold it to E. E. Stevens. 
Mr. Stevens had other lines of business, and 
he finally disposed of the newspaper, selling it 
to J. N. Cook. The paper was then issued daily 
and weekly. Mr. Cook sold it to Riley F. Rob- 
ertson, and during Mr. Robertson's ownership 
of the paper W. L. Burk was the editor. The 
weekly edition was discontinued, as the circula- 
tion of the paper was then mostly confined to 
the city. The paper is now owned and man- 
aged by B. L. Strother & Son, and it is perhaps 
now more profitable than for several years next 
preceding the present. Strother & Son are 
from Abilene, Kansas, where they were many 
years in the newspaper business. 

The Short Creek Republican, afterward 
changed to the Galena Republican, was estab- 
lished in the fall of 1880, by L. C. Weldy and 
A. W. McDowell. The paper was both a daily 
and a weekly. Mr. McDowell remained with 
the paper but a short time, when he sold his 
interest to J. J. Chatham. I do not know how 
long Mr. Chatham remained with the paper; 
but from what can be learned Mr. Weldy be- 

came the sole owner not long after its estab- 
lishment; and he continued as editor and pro- 
prietor until the time of his death, January 24, 
1904. The property now belongs to Riley F. 
Robertson, and the paper is edited and pub- 
lished by Robertson & Son. It is now issued 
weekly, and a special effort is being made to 
gain a good circulation in the rural districts 
of the county. For several years before Mr. 
YVeldy's death, he was the oil inspector for 
the State, and, giving much attention to this 
office, he neglected his newspaper and let the 
subscription list run down until there were but 
a few hundred bona fide subscribers. The sub- 
scription list is now over one thousand. 

The last paper established in Cherokee 
County is the Mineral Cities Times, at West 
Mineral, published by W. B. Lowry, of Colum- 
bus, and edited by Nora Evans. The first issue 
was on June 9, 1904. The paper has a good 
local support, of which it is highly deserving. 

Two of the best known editors, among those 
who have owned and managed newspapers in 
Cherokee County, are S. O. McDowell and L. 
C. Weldy. Both were early identified with the 
work in the county, and they had a wide ac- 
quaintance over the State in political circles. 
Each impressed his personality on his work as 
an editor, and each sought to mold sentiment, 
rather than to be led by it. Neither was schol- 
arly in expression nor profound in thought ; 
but their editorials were always read with inter- 
est, even by those who did not agree with them 
in their political views. There was a nervous 
boldness in Mr. McDowell's articles which, 
while it may not have carried the reader by 
irresistible force, was always such as to con- 
vince one of the writer's candor and sincerity. 
While he may not have always been able to give 
a clear, comprehensive analysis of the grounds of 



his political affiliations, there could be no doubt 
that he felt himself right in the advocacy of his 
party's principles. Mr. Weldy's method of 
reasoning, in the support of his party, was more 
of the suggestive order ; but that which chiefly 
made his writing interesting was a natural vein 
of facetiousness which he often turned into 
what he said. He could not help it, even had he 
tried, for it was a deep-seated part of his life, 
and without it he was unnatural, insipid and 
cheerless, and what he wrote or attempted to 
write, outside of his real impulse, was always 
without the stamp of his originality, and to that 
extent uninteresting. What he lacked in 
effectiveness, through want of broad acquire- 
ments, he made up through the employment of 
his natural gifts. His arguments could scarce- 
ly ever be considered convincing, for he was 
neither deep nor logical ; but his pleasing humor 
and his freedom from irritibility, in dealing 
with those whom he opposed, always enabled 
him so to spice what he wrote as to give it a 
relish to those who read it. Whether from a 
deep, well-grounded conviction or not, he was 
bold and uncompromising in the advocacy of 
his views, but not in such a way as to engender 
bitter and lasting enmity on the part of those 
who did not agree with him. 

The best paragraph writer among the news- 
paper men of Cherokee County is L. M. Dill- 
man, of the Scainnwn Journal. But for his 
undue caution and a certain natural, mental 
immobility, he would attain a comfortable rank 
among country newspaper writers. 

Willard M. Richart, for a time the editor 
of the Columbus Courier, was, while in that 
position, the most widely read newspaper writer 
in the county, and, in some respects, the ablest. 
His articles indicated a wider range of knowl- 
edge than those of other writers in the county, 

and throughout there was a literary quality 
which made them pleasing to all classes of 
readers. For a young man, who had next to 
none of the advantages which one ought to have 
in early life, in the matter of gaining a mental 
preparation for such work, Mr. Richart was al- 
most a prodigy ; and had he continued in news- 
paper work with some one or some company to 
look after the business interests, so that he 
might be free to devote his attention exclusively 
to the following of his choice, he would have 
become widely known as a writer, especially on 
the political affairs of the country. 

It may be said of the newspaper men of 
Cherokee County, as a class, that they have not 
made the business financially profitable. The 
newspaper business in what are called the coun- 
try towns and cities has always been financially 
hazardous ; and it is only here and there that 
one makes it remunerative beyond the eking 
out of a scant living. This fact is due, in most 
part, to the large number of men who engage in 
the business without any well-defined purpose 
and often without any mental preparation what- 
ever. They begin at the "case" and learn, in 
a general way, the mechanical part of the work ; 
and when they can "set a stick," correct proof 
and "make up," they consider the work of 
preparation well along. The newspaper office, 
in the country towns and cities, is a good place 
for keeping posted on the current events cf 
the community ; and in most such offices every 
one employed, even down to the "devil," hears 
everything that is said, and the employment in 
which he is engaged seems to give him a fitness 
for remembering it. He may not know a thing 
about the construction of the English language ; 
may not know even the rudiments of his own 
speech; but he is presently found editing a 
newspaper, where the disadvantage to which 



he is put, by reason of his utter lack of suitable 
preparation, is equaled only by the chagrin 
which the people feel at his presuming to "mold 
public sentiment," and to lead the thought of 
the community. The State protects the people, 
or makes an effort so to protect them, against 
poorly prepared practitioners in the professions 
of law and medicine, and against illiterate 
teachers who may try to get into the public 
schools; but it makes no provision against the 
operations of a large class of poorly qualified 
newspaper men who often have no permanent 
connection with, or interest in, the community 
whose social thought they try to lead and whose 
political policies they assume to dictate. 

Among the newspaper men of Cherokee 
County who have made their business financially 
successful, I mention John M. McNay and W. 
B. Lowrv. It is not meant that others have 

been altogether unsuccessful, but that these 
have led in the matter of money making. But it 
is true that, with much less energy, on the same 
capital invested, they could make more at some 
other business. The dollars which they have 
earned, above all expenses, have been hard- 
earned dollars, and they are justly deserving of 
what success they have achieved. Mr. McNay 
was a close manager. He made money while in 
the business ; and when he, through good busi- 
ness foresigt, became convinced that there would 
come a decline, he turned his holdings, at a 
full-value consideration, thus demonstrating 
that the time for parting with property is when 
one is doing well. Mr. Lowry is still in busi- 
ness, and he is likely to remain so, as he is get- 
ting a good return on his investment, and he 
seems suited to the work in which he is 



Farm and Live-Stock Products — The Home Market — The Profits in Agricultural 
Operations — Improvement of the Roads — Berry and Fruit Growing — Rural 
Routes and Telephones. 


Among those who have never seen Kansas, 
the first thought of the country is that it is a 
vast area of level land suited only to farming 
purposes. This thought is largely correct ; for 
while within recent years vast mineral resour- 
ces have been discovered and are now being 
rapidly developed in the eastern part of the 
State, the source of greatest wealth lies in the 
soil, to be developed by tillage. A tremendous 
majority of the people of Kansas are engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. 

While the mineral resources of Cherokee 
County are richer and more nearly inexhausti- 
ble than those of any other county in the State 
of Kansas, it also holds high rank as an agri- 
cultural district, in the money value of its farm 
and live-stock products. The following table 
will show the farm and live-stock products of 
Cherokee County, for the year 1903 : 

Wheat $ 181.945.20 

Corn 531.669.60 

Oats 121,018.50 

Rye 509.60 

Irish Potatoes 36,12960 

Sweet Potatoes 18.330.25 

Flax 6,849.60 

Tobacco 460.00 

Broom Corn 1,680.00 

Millet 8,869.00 

Sorghum 6,745.00 

Milo Maize 99.00 

Kafir Corn 17,487.00 

Tame Grasses 23,281.00 

Timothy Hay 37,246.00 

Prairie Hay 151,964.00 

Total Field Products 1,144.273.35 

Live-Stock Products' 507,094 .57 

Aggregate Products $1,651,377.92 

The table includes all horticultural prod- 
ucts, the products of the dairy, of poultry, of 
the apiary and of the orchard. 

The year 1903 was not an average year for 
Cherokee County, in the matter of farm and 
live-stock products. The wheat crop and the 
corn crop were very much below the average, 
and the same may be said of all other products 
of the soil. The corn crop was not much more 
than enough to supply the local market, and the 
wheat sent out was of small quantity, compared 
with other vears. 



The agricultural conditions of the county, 
at the time of the writing of this chapter, Au- 
gust 1 6, 1904, are not promising of the very 
best yield. In the months of May and June, 
and extending into the month of July, there 
was an almost continuous rainy season, which 
did immense damage to all growing crops. 
The wheat yield would have been the best for 
the last twelve years, but for the excessive 
rains. Less than one-half of it was saved in any 
kind of marketable condition, and hundreds of 
acres were not cut at all. Oats were an almost 
entire failure, and corn was fearfully damaged. 
In the western part of the county, along the 
Neosho River, many thousands of acres of the 
very best lands were overflowed and the crops 
literally swept away. In some places the river 
was four miles wide, and the flood continued 
for nearly two weeks. The hope of the people 
was almost taken away, for a time; but there 
has been a great reaction. The crop conditions 
have been greatly improved since the rains 
ceased ; and the yields will be far above what 
was indicated only a few weeks ago. 

Although Cherokee County may not be 
classed with the very best agricultural districts 
in the State of Kansas, there is as large a pro- 
portion of well-to-do and wealthy farmers as 
can be found in any other county. The soil, 
while not so deep as the soil of the Kaw Val- 
ley, in the northern part of the State, is won- 
derfully productive; and there is never a year 
of entire failure. There are perhaps a larger 
number of retired farmers in Cherokee County 
than in any other county in the State, — men 
who have endured the hardships of frontier 
life, saved up the earnings of their labor and 
are now enjoying it in a quiet, peaceful life, 
either in the rural districts or in the towns and 
cities, where thev have comfortable homes. 


One of the big factors in the make-up of the 
prosperity which has come to those who have 
given their time to agricultural pursuits is the 
good, home market for the products of the 
fields and gardens of Cherokee County. It is 
safe to say that not more than one-half of the 
people of Cherokee County can be numbered 
among the agricultural classes. The rest of 
the population is engaged in other pursuits. The 
good markets are due to the fact that so many 
of the people are profitably engaged in mining 
and in the various followings which are inci- 
dent thereto. Hundreds of thousands of dol- 
lars change hands in the county every month, 
and a very large part of the expenditure is 
for such things as are classed among the prod- 
ucts of the soil. As related in another chapter 
the mines of Cherokee County produce an im- 
mense value, in minerals and metals, but the 
operator does not get all. The gross products 
are very great, but when the expenses have been 
paid, which are distributed among many classes 
the clear profit is not so large, after all. The 
benefits are widely distributed, and this to the 
building up of more than a select few. The 
farmer of Cherokee County, as well as the live- 
stock dealer, has had his portion, and he is yet 
receiving the benefits of the varied industries of 
the county. 


As showing that agriculture has not fallen 
off in the profits derived from it, it is only nec- 
essary to state that the prices of farm lands 
have advanced fully 100 per centum in the last 
10 years. Lands that were sold 10 years ago at 
from $10 to $20 an acre cannot be bought now 


Baptist Church, Galena 

Christian Church, Galena 

East Galena School 

South Galena School 

J^fc :l ::: ' 

A Log Cabin Pioneer Home in Galena 



for less than from $20 to $40 an acre, and the 
tendency is still upward, with the condition that 
owners are not seeking to sell. Buyers are 
much more numerous than those who want to 
dispose of their lands. This condition prevails 
all over the county. 

Another condition is that there are almost 
no farms for rent. The farmers of Cherokee 
County, as a rule, own their homes, and 
they want to remain on them, except in cases 
where the owners have retired from active 
work, having laid by a competency in the years 
gone by. A little incident came under my no- 
tice since beginning this chapter. It seems that 
through some kind of mistake a 40-acre tract 
of land belonging to a well-to-do farmer was 
advertised for sale. He was asked why it was 
for sale; and he replied that the advertisement 
was a mistake, and to this he added the signifi- 
cant sentence : "I never sell any land in Cher- 
okee County, for when I appear in a transac- 
tion of the kind, it is always as a buyer." 

In certain parts of Cherokee County the 
growing and feeding of stock for the market 
has been a very profitable business. In other 
parts the growing of wheat has been found 
profitable. Some wheat growers have, from a 
small beginning, spread out their ownership 
of land until they have hundreds of broad, fer- 
tile acres, and they annually get a good return 
from them. Of course, there are years when 
the yield is comparatively small ; when to a less 
courageous people it might appear discourag- 
ing; but they have, in the general average, 
found a profit sufficiently large to encourage 
them in continuing in the work. The seasons 
are becoming constantly more favorable: 
droughts are less frequent, and the rains are 
more uniformly distributed through the year, 
so that, while there are seasons when the yield 

is not up to what would be wanted, there is a 
constantly improved condition of the agricult- 
ural classes. 


Another matter deserves to be mentioned 
here: The era for the improvement of the 
public highways of the country is at hand, and 
the good-roads spirit is abroad in the land. 
The soil of Southeastern Kansas is especially 
adapted to the easy building of good roads. 
Except in a few parts of Cherokee County, 
there is enough of sand in the soil to save it 
from the condition of extreme muddiness, even 
in the wettest weather. The city of Galena, 
always forward in matters of this kind, has 
improved a number of roads leading into that 
place, by the use of the "tailings" of the mines 
or mills, the finely crushed stone from which 
lead and zinc ores are sifted, after the whole 
has been run through the crushers. If properly 
applied, upon well drained roads, it forms a 
solid, cement-like surface which will endure for 
a score of years. Many miles of this kind of 
road may be seen in the vicinity of Galena, as 
also in the vicinity of Baxter Springs. Besides 
affording easy transit for the people, in going 
to and fro, these roads give the country an ap- 
pearance of tidiness much above what was for- 
merly seen, and they stand as an index of thrift 
and economy which give an attraction to rural 
life. In 1903 the people of Columbus organ- 
ized a movement for the improvement of the 
roads leading into it, and some work has been 
done. Crusher gravel or "tailings" had to be 
shipped from Galena, and then hauled out on 
the roads, at a good deal of cost : but the roads 
so improved have shown that the work will 
pay. It is expected that within the next 10 



years nearly all the principal roads of the coun- 
ty will be so improved ; that the farmers and all 
other interested classes will favor the matter. 
It is not improbable that the roads of the county 
will be improved as above described, at public 
expense, so that the tax payers will bear the 
burden proportionately. But no effort of this 
kind has yet been suggested. 


It may not be improper here to speak of the 
industry of berry growing, which has been 
found very profitable in Cherokee County. In 
1903 the acreage in blackberries was 158, and 
the acreage of strawberries was 192, and these 
did not include the smaller growers. Black- 
berries have not been so valuable as strawber- 
ries, There have been years when the profit 
on strawberries has been very large. Thous- 
ands of crates have been shipped out every 
year, and the industry has so grown in favor 
that many persons who formerly looked upon 
it with doubt have recently gone into it as a 
regular business. Cherokee County is the third 
county in the State, in this particular under- 

By protecting the trees from frost, fig trees 
may be grown in the county. Since begin- 
ning this chapter I have seen a few, full size, 
ripe figs from a tree grown by a Mr. Chase, 
who lives in the south part of Columbus. Ex- 
periments will be continued with the fruit, in 
the hope that the tree may yet be so acclimated 
as finally to do well, even in a latitude so far 

Almonds can be grown in Cherokee Coun- 
ty. A few persons have experimented with 
them, and thev have found that the nut does 

fairly well here; but I am not informed as to 
whether the industry can be be made profitable. 


Rural life in Cherokee County has been 
vastly improved in the few years next preced- 
ing the present in the conditions which have 
made it more desirable. It now even has a 
charm attaching to it. The monotony and irk- 
some routine usually so characteristic of rural 
life have been much changed through the oper- 
ations of the rural free delivery of mail and the 
rural telephone systems which have been estab- 
lished throughout the county. They have done 
much toward bringing the rural districts into 
easy communication with the towns and cities 
of the country and, as a consequence, to 
broaden the intelligence of the people and to 
make life more worth living. 

Elsewhere in this history the intelligence of 
the people of Kansas is spoken of; and it is 
there said that, in proportion to the inhabitants, 
the people take and read more newspapers than 
the people of any other State. No one who 
travels among them, and becomes acquainted 
with them in their daily life in their homes, can 
fail of being impressed with their ready intelli- 
gence upon the current events and the ease with 
which they converse upon subjects of general 

The farmer of Cherokee County, even in 
the remotest parts of it, keeps himself in touch 
with the outside world ; the rural free delivery 
system has brought it to his door. His daily 
paper, which reaches him the next day after it 
comes from the press, informs him of the mar- 
ket covering every commodity with which he 
may be concerned ; it spreads before him the 



news gleanings of the whole world and inspires 
him with the consciousness that he is a factor 
in the great aggregation of human effort. 
There are bits of philosophy and short outlines 
of the achievements of science, and here and 
there a touch of romance and a short, interest- 
ing fiction which enter as spice to enliven the 
whole. To the farmer and his family the daily 
paper enters into the necessaries of life, and its 
coming is looked for with eagerness with which 
a hungry person marks the approach of the 
hour of his regular meal. 

Cherokee County, with its slightly undu- 
lating surface, its generally good roads and its 
thickly settled population, could not be other 
than a suitable field for the rural free delivery 
experiment ; and from the time of its incep- 
tion here, about four years ago, the number of 
routes has been increased until nearly every 
nook of the county has been reached. With the 
road improvements now contemplated, and for 
which there is an effort soon to be put forth, 
it will not be long until every family in the 
rural districts, however out of the way it may 
now live, will have a daily delivery of mail at 
the very door of its home, a convenience which 
many families in the towns and cities do not 

In the year 1903, after the long-distance tel- 
ephone had been extended to Columbus, thus 
connecting it with the larger cities of the State 
of Kansas, as well as with those of other states, 
and after the local telephone companies had 
connected the towns and cities of the county, 
the farmers began to establish rural telephones, 
through which, at a nominal expense, they may 

have easy intercourse with one another. Ross 
and Salamanca townships were the first in the 
work, and now, within less than a year after 
the beginning of the project, the north half of 
the county is a network of rural telephone 
wires ; and it will not be long until the entire 
county, from farm house to farm house, will 
be supplied with the cheap, easy means of inter- 
communication. The rural telephone system 
is under the mutual ownership of thos ewho 
join in its establishment and in its extension. 

It is needless to say that the people fully 
appreciate and highly enjoy the convenience, 
the comfort and the advantage which they have 
from the free delivery of their mail matter and 
the operation of their rural telephone systems; 
for now that they have these, and what they 
have wanted has been realized from them, the 
monotony and prosaic hardship of rural life 
have been so removed as to take away the 
drudge of toil and bring the cheer and gladness 
which spring from contented employment. 

The establishment of the rural free delivery 
of mail and the putting in of the rural tele- 
phone systems mark an era in the progress of 
the people of Cherokee County. In the genera- 
tions to come on, the drudgery and cheerless 
toil of farm life, from which the people are now 
beginning to be relieved, will be mere matters 
of tradition related in story by those who can 
recall them. Other things are yet to follow, no 
doubt, and through them the people will ad- 
vance in the achievements of civilization, set- 
ting now and again the marks of their progress 
as they pass along the way. 



The Coal Mines of the County — The First Coal Shaft — The Central Coal & Coke 
Company — Statistics of Coal Production — Gas and Oil — The Lead and Zinc 
Mines of the County — Big Real Estate Transactions— The Mining of Lead 
and Zinc — The Discovery of Lead and Zinc — Statistics of Lead and Zinc 
Production — The Operation of Mines — The Feature of Uncertainty Present 
— The Water Power of the County — The Spring River Power Company. 

the coal mines of the county. 

Coal mining is the second greatest industry 
carried on in Cherokee County. It requires 
more capital than any other industry in the 
county, and a greater number of men are em- 
ployed. It may also be said that it yields a 
larger clear profit. The whole of the north- 
central part of the county is underlaid with a 
two-and-a-half-foot stratum of coal, at a depth 
of about fifty feet, and a four-foot stratum at a 
depth of about one hundred and fifty feet. The 
output of coal in Cherokee County is more 
than one-third of the whole output of the State 
of Kansas. In the year 1900 it amounted to 
1,629,108 tons, not including a great deal of 
coal taken from what are called strip pits, 
which was not reported to the State mine in- 
spector. The output now is much greater, but 
there are no figures at hand for determining 
the amount taken out for the last two years. 

Although mining has been going on for 

about thirty years, and immense quantities of 
coal have been taken out, it is believed, by those 
who are best qualified to judge of such matters, 
that not one-tenth of the field has been worked. 
Some think that not more than one acre out of 
fifty has been mined. Within recent years the 
greater demand, and the consequent higher 
prices, have stimulated to greater activity 
among operators. In Ross township, where 
there was but one shaft nine years ago, there 
are now 28 and all of them are in full opera- 
tion. The townships of Cherokee, Mineral and 
Ross are a network of railroad tracks, which 
have been built out from the main lines of the 
four roads which traverse the district ; and 
from any point from which the entire field can 
be seen (which is not difficult, for the country 
is an almost level prairie), the whole presents 
a scene of the intensest activity. Switch en- 
gines, bringing in "empties," and others draw- 
ing great trains of loaded cars, may be seen 
going in all directions, at all times ; and, from 



the way the work is going on, one might judge 
that the coal of the entire district would soon 
be exhausted in a little while. It is probable, 
however, that even forty years from now the 
industry of coal mining will still be profitable 
in the county, and that many companies will be 
engaged in it. New deposits may be discov- 
ered ; and in the districts where the more shal- 
low strata are now being worked deeper strata 
will be found, thus continuing the industry for 
many decades. 

There are three principal districts or cen- 
ters of operations : Weir City, Scammon and 
Mineral City, the last named being the newest, 
or the district in which the more recent exten- 
sive operations have been put on foot. Weir 
City is in Cherokee township, Scammon in 
Mineral township and Mineral City in Ross 


Opened in the county was at Scammon, in 
1877, owned and operated by the Scammon 
brothers, for whom the town was named. This 
shaft was the first coal shaft opened in Kansas, 
south of the Leavenworth coal district. The de- 
mand for coal was then comparatively light, 
and many persons, who now know better, 
thought at that time that the industry would 
never amount to much. The ownership of coal 
lands then was considered of light importance, 
and the fact that a farmer knew that his land 
was underlaid with fine coal did not impress 
him with an idea that it was more valuable than 
lands not so underlaid. Twelve years ago 
Johnson Patterson, then living in Ross town- 
ship, near where the railroad station at Mineral 
City now stands, offered his quarter section at 
$20 an acre; and two years afterward, when a 

company offered him $25 an acre for the land, 
the transaction was closed at once, and he 
thought he had sold his land at a big price. 
His brother, Leslie Patterson, who owned the 
quarter section just north of his, did not accept 
the offer of the same price for his. He kept 
his land. He had taken it as a claim, when he 
first came to the county, had improved it ; had 
his ups and downs on it, as a farmer, and the 
family felt attached to it. Afterwards he leased 
the land to a company, for the purpose of min- 
ing only, and he is now getting $300 an acre, 
in the way of royalty, and he has sold $14,000 
worth of town lots, and has most of the surface 
left. There was a time within the last twenty 
years when Leslie Patterson offered to take 
less than $1,000 for his quarter section, which 
is now worth $75,000. Such has been the revo- 
lution brought about by the development of the 
coal industry of the county. A great many 
people now say they have been extremely near- 
sighted ; that they have passed over many an op- 
portunity for making a fortune in a compara- 
tively short time, to take up something else, 
which promised good things and turned out 
nothing but disappointment to them. 


One of the leading coal companies operat- 
ing in the district of Cherokee County is The 
Central Coal & Coke Company. It is among the 
great coal companies of the West. I here make 
use of information which has been furnished 
me concerning this company, for the purpose 
of showing what a small beginning may some- 
times develop into, as well as to call attention to 
the possibilities within the scope of this indus- 
try. The information is not set forth for the 
purpose of advertising the company; it does not 



need it ; but it is done to stand as an index to 
what is being done in the field by other com- 

The pioneers in the operations of The Cen- 
tral Coal & Coke Company were Richard H. 
Keith, the company's president and general 
manager at this time, and John Perry. In 
1 87 1, Mr. Keith began his active connection 
with the coal business in Kansas City, by open- 
ing a retail yard there. Within a year the busi- 
ness increased to such an extent that he needed 
a partner. A copartnership was formed, under 
the firm name of Mitchell & Keith ; and later, 
this firm was succeeded by R. H. Keith & Com- 
pany. Changes took place in the firm several 
times before the present style of the firm or 
company was reached. In 1873 the partner- 
ship of Keith & Henry was formed, which con- 
tinued until 1881, when a change was made to 
Keith & Perry. In 1884 it was The Keith & 
Perry Coal Company. The Company was in- 
corporated, under the laws of the State of Mis- 
souri. The capital stock was $800,000. The 
style of the company was continued until 1893, 
when it was changed to The Central Coal & 
Coke Company, with an authorized capital 
stock of $3,000,000, the additional capital being 
used in the purchase of The Sweetwater Coal 
Mining Company, at Rock Springs, Wyoming. 
This gave the company charge of the two larg- 
est mining undertakings in the West, capable of 
producing 3,500 tons of coal every day in the 
year, and which employ 700 men. 

In April, 1902, the capital stock was in- 
creased to $7,000,000, and the bonded indebt- 
edness was raised from $904,000 to $2,500,- 
000. The funds raised from the sale of the ad- 
ditional bonds were used in the purchase of the 
mining properties of The Kansas & Texas Coal 

Company, with all the latter's allied interests. 
This company is interested in six different 
fields, and it produces as many different kinds 
of coal. Its properties are located in Missouri, 
Kansas, Arkansas, Indian Territory and Wyo- 
ming. It operates 45 mines, requiring 9.000 
men. Its average pay roll is $10,000 a day. 
Its leases cover 70,000 acres of land, and the 
stratum of coal under the entire tract is five 
feet thick. 

The officers of the company at present are 
as follows: R. H. Keith, president and gen- 
eral manager; \V. C. Perry, vice-president; 
Charles S. Keith, assistant general manager 
and general sales agent ; and D. Mackie, mana- 
ger of mines. 

The workings of the various districts are 
in a great measure similar, entailing a great 
effort and each one bringing in its adequate re- 
turn. The original coal district in Kansas lies 
between Weir City and Scammon ; and here the 
famous Cherokee steam coal was first mined. 
The mines at Weir City were opened in 1877. 
In the Cherokee district the company has 13 
mines and employs 3,00* men, and these mines 
produce 9,000 tons of coal each working day. 
The mines at Weir City are under the manage- 
ment of Hugh Reid, and through his superin- 
tendence they are well equipped, well ventilated 
and properly supplied with modern hoisting 
and screening machinery. A stranger, coming 
by chance to Weir City, would fancy himself at 
some great railway terminal point, the network 
of track, the spurs, switches and junction points 
all being required for carrying out the work of 
such mining operations as are here going on. 
Four lines of railroad reach this district at Weir 
City : Missouri Pacific, Kansas City Southern, 
Santa Fe and St. Louis & San Francisco. 



The local officers of the company, at Weir 
City, are C. N. Sweeney, district manager ; and 
C. A. Hess, agent. 


The following table shows the quantity and 

value of the coal produced in the State of Kan- 
sas, for the 11 years next preceding 1902, and 
the quantity and value of the coal produced in 
Cherokee County for the same time, with 
the per centum which the latter is of the 




Product in 
Cherokee County 


Per Cent 

of Value 




$ 3,170,870 













$ 882,186 
















1900 . 









The quantity of the coal produced in the 
State and in the county is given in tons. The 
table shows that, in round numbers, the state 
output was 41,000,000 tons, while, in round 
numbers, the output of the county was 12,000,- 
000 tons, or a little more than 31 per centum 
of the State output. The value of the State 
output, in round numbers, was $50,000,000; 
the value of the county output, in round num- 
bers, was $14,000,000, or a little more than 29 
per centum of the value of the State output. 

The coal producing counties of the State of 
Kansas, given in the order of the quantity pro- 
duced in each, are as follows : Crawford, 
Cherokee, Leavenworth, Osage, Linn, Coffey, 
Bourbon, Labette, Franklin, Cloud, Ellsworth, 
Atchison, Chautauqua, Shawnee, Republic, 
Lincoln and Russell. The following table 

shows the output of the State for the year 1900, 
bv counties : 


Number of 
Tons Produced 





































Up to the year 1900 there were 46 shafts in 
operation in Cherokee County. There are now 
about 60, and the increase in the output of coal 
has been about in the same ratio, as, in addition 
to the increased number of shafts, those al- 

ready in operation are widening the areas of 
the mines, which gives an increase of produc- 
tion. The following table shows the mines in 
operation in the year 1900. The quantity is 
given in tons, of 2,000 pounds. 




Central Coal & Coke Company 

Kansas & Texas Coal Company 

J. R. Crow Coal Company 

Bennett & Crowe 

J. H. Durkee Coal Company 

Hamilton Coal & Mercantile Company 

L. S. Myers & Son 

Barrett & Hayden 

Inter-State Coal Company 

Allen Coal Company 

M. C. Guy Coal Company 

James Stone 

Henry Jenkins 

Mackie Fuel Company 

Pullen Sons & Holman 

L. J. Hisle 

Eastern Coal & Coke Company 

Humble Coal Company 

Edwards Coal Company 

Fidelity Land & Improvement Company 

S. D. Scott 

Southwestern Coal & Improvement Company 

S. W. Baxter & Sons 

Scranton & Son 

J. C. Graham Coal Company 

George Roeser 

Columbus Coal Company 

Southern Kansas Coal Company 

Strip Pits not Reported 


H mile west of Weir 

\Yx mile north of Scammon 

2% miles southwest of Weir 

1 '4 miles west of Scammon 

North of Weir 

Northeast of Weir 

At Weir 

Location not given 

Yt mile southwest of Turck 

1 mile west of Weir 

1 Yi miles west of Weir 

2 miles southwest of Turck 

3# miles northwest of Weir 

1 mile southwest of Weir 

\% miles northeast of Weir 

1 X miles northeast of Weir 

1 mile northwest of Weir 

% mile southwest of Weir Junction 

2 miles northeast of Weir 

North of Weir 

% mile west of Scammon 

1 mile south of Scammon 

Southeast of Scammon 


North of Scammon 

North of Scammon 

Southwest of Weir 

\% miles northwest of Scammon. . . 

1 mile north of Scammon 



1 mile northwest of Turck 

1 l i miles southwest of Turck 

2 miles north of Mineral 

1 Vi miles south of Mineral 


1 mile east of Mineral 

1 mile west of Mineral 

1 % miles west of Weir 

1 mile south of Weir 


1 mile south of Scammon 

2 miles west of Turck 


\% miles south of Cherokee 


















































Coke Works at Cokedale 

Lead and Zinc Mining Shafts and Crushers, Galena 



A number of mines are not given in the 
table, for the reason that they have been opened 
since the publication of the last report of the 
State mine inspector, and because there are no 
figures from which to make a showing of the 
output of these new mines. The Flemming 
mine at Mineral City is one not included, for 
the reasons given, and there are others whose 
names and locations have not been obtained in 
time to be embodied in this chapter. 

Notwithstanding the vast increase in the 
output of coal in Cherokee County, prices to 
local consumers have advanced nearly ioo per 
centum in the last 15 years, and this without 
any apparently just reason. There is no reason 
for it, only that the operators have simply ad- 
vanced the price, for the gain which it brings. 
If prices to all other consumers have been ad- 
vanced as they have been to the consumers in 
Cherokee County, the value of the output of the 
mines in the county, if it could be given here, 
for the last few years, would show a great ad- 
vance over any like number of former years. 


Which arise from the deep coal beds far be- 
neath the surface of the earth, have been found 
in large quantities in Southeastern Kansas, west 
of the Neosho River, in the counties of Labette, 
Montgomery, Chautauqua, Elk, Wilson, Neo- 
sho and Allen. It is not believed that either 
will be found in large quantities in Cherokee 
County. The gas and oil are found above what 
is known as the Mississippi limestone, which 
geologists say, crops out in this county, but 
pitches toward the west and northwest. How- 
ever, oil in small quantity has been found in 
Neosho township, in this county, and it is be- 
lieved that it may be found in Sheridan town- 

ship, both these townships lying along the Neo^- 
sho River, on the east side, and just west of the 
general trend of the coal deposits. If, in the 
ages gone by, the oil exuded from the coal, 
through the tremendous pressure of the earth 
resting upon it, and was drained off in a north- 
westerly direction on the Mississippi limestone,, 
as water courses over a slightly tilted roof; and 
if the upper edge of this slightly tilted limestone 
crops out in Cherokee County, it is a reasonable 
presumption that there is no oil in the county, 
and that there is not much of it in Labette 
County, which is immediately west of, and only 
a little removed from, the coal fields. 


It is conceded by those best qualified to 
judge of such matters, that, in mineral re- 
sources, Cherokee County is the richest county 
in the State of Kansas. Within several years 
next preceding the present a good deal has been 
published concerning what is called gold-bear- 
ing shale, found in some of the northwest coun- 
ties of the State ; but nothing has come of the 
effort to find gold in paying quantities. The 
people of Cherokee County, as well as very 
many who do not reside here, know that its 
mineral resources, in the process of their de- 
velopment, have passed the experimental 
period. Many millions of dollars have been 
made out of the rich deposits opened ; but it 
may be truthfully said that only a beginning 
has been made. This is particularly true of the 
lead and zinc. It is possible that one-tenth of 
the coal, in the strata now being worked, has 
been taken out; but no deep mining has been 
done. As to lead and zinc, not one-tenth has 
been taken out, even in the districts which have 
been most thoroughly worked in what may be 



called the upper lodges of ore. Very little deep 
mining has been done for these ores ; but suffi- 
cient has been done to show that the lowest 
lodges reached are the richesth, in both quality 
and quantity. Operators who have had large 
experience in lead and zinc mining say that the 
store house of these ores, in what is known as 
the Galena district, are so nearly inexhaustible 
that the youngest generation now living will 
remain to see no more than a beginning made in 
their development. 


Before entering upon a description of the 
mines of Cherokee County and a statement of 
the output from them, it is deemed not im- 
proper to speak of some of the big real es- 
tate transactions, the records of which may be 
found in the office of the register of deeds at 
Columbus; for some of these transactions have 
grown out of the undertakings which have 
been in course for the development of the mines 
in the county, while others have incidentally 
grown out of such interests. 

May i, 1896, The State Trust Company 
funded bonds for The Cherokee Lanyon Spel- 
ter Company, to the amount of $300,000, the 
bonds being secured by a first mortgage of the 
company's real estate. The recorder's fee in 
this transaction was $48.65. 

September 28, 1896, The Mercantile Trust 
Company funded bonds of The St. Louis & 
San Francisco Railroad Company, in the sum 
of $5,666,500, taking a mortgage on the com- 
pany's real estate in Cherokee County, with 
real estate elsewhere. 

In January, 1902, The Central Coal & Coke 
Company negotiated with The Pennsylvania 
Company, for $2,500,000, and in security they 

passed 37,000 acres of land in Missousi, Kan- 
sas, Arkansas and the Indian Territory. The 
record of the mortgage covers 90 pages, and the 
recorder's fee was $51.60. In January, 1898, 
the same company had negotiated with Edward 
E. Stansbury, under mortgage, for the loan of 

January 11, 1904, James Murphy and 
others, by quitclaim deed, sold more than 1,000 
town lots in Empire City, to The Murphy Min- 
ing & Realty Company, for the consideration 
of $60,000. The fee for the recording of this 
deed was $158.65. 

Perhaps the largest individual transaction 
in real estate ever made in Cherokee County 
was that in which W. S. Norton, of Columbus, 
sold certain coal lands to The Fidelity Land & 
Improvement Company, in consideration of 

These transactions cover considerations 
amounting to $9,410,500, a large part of which 
pertains to Cherokee County; but they do not 
include all the transactions which have imme- 
diately grown out of or incidentally pertain to 
the mining interests of the county. Other 
transactions, of more or less magnitude, if 
sought out in the records, would be found to 
foot up many hundreds of thousands of dollars 
in the county. 


Considering the area over which the opera- 
tions have been extended, the mining of lead 
and zinc since the year 1882, has been the most 
profitable industry in Cherokee County. The 
location of these mines is in the southeastern 
part of the county, along Spring River, chiefly 
on the east side of the stream, extending to the 
east line of the State. The city of Galena, so 



named on account of the mineral which is so 
abundant there, is in the midst of the great 
mining region. Empire City lies just north of 
Galena. For many years next following the 
discovery of mineral there, a brisk rivalry was 
maintained between the two towns, each en- 
deavoring by every possible means to lead the 
other for the honor of designating the mining 
district. Galena early gained the ascendency, 
and it has constantly held it. In the reports 
showing the output of ores the region has come 
to be known as the "Galena District," and it is 
probable that it will so continue to be desig- 


As is stated elsewhere, in the chapters de- 
voted to the history of Galena and of Empire 
City, lead and zinc were discovered in that lo- 
cality in the spring of 1877. Up to that time 
no uncovering of the rich deposits had been 
made. As far as human habitation was con- 
cerned, the region, in almost every respect, lay 
in an untouched condition ; and as for agri- 
cultural purposes Nature never designed it to 
be at all attractive. But from the year 1877, 
on down to the present, it has been one of the 
busiest regions in the world, in the activity con- 
stantly kept up in the operations necessary to 
bring to the surface of the earth the rich metal 
ores which are lying beneath. 


The annual output of ore has not constantly 
increased, each year greater than the preced- 
ing one, either in quantity or in value; for the 
activity has been intense or slack, proprtionate 
to the demnad for the product of the mines. 

However, in a general way, taking any partic- 
ular series of years, there has been an advance, 
and a great one, too, since the first few years 
of the industry. The quantity and the value 
have not changed proportionately; for in 1896 
the mines yielded 62,232 tons of zinc, worth 
$1,401,307.83, while in 1897 the yield was 
59,451 tons of zinc, worth $1,492,663.04. In 
the latter year the yield was 2,781 tons less, 
but the value was $91,355.21 more, the increase 
in value being due to the higher market price. 
I have before me a table showing the annual 
output of lead and zinc, in the Galena district, 
from 1886 to 1901, inclusive. The table is 
taken from the "Annual Bulletin on the Min- 
eral Resources of Kansas," for 1900 and 1901, 
prepared by Erasmus Haworth, of the depart- 
ment of physical geology and mineralogy in the 
University of Kansas. It had been my aim to 
get information on the two years following 
1901, but this is lacking. 

The table shows that the quantity of zinc 
mined is much larger than the quantity of lead. 
But it also shows that the price of lead is higher 
than that of zinc. For the 16 years covered by 
the table, the quantity of zinc taken out and 
sold was more than six times as much as that of 
lead ; but the value of the zinc was less than four 
times as much as that of the lead. For this series 
of years the greatest output of zinc was in the 
year 1898, when 74.852 tons were sold ; but the 
greatest output of lead was in the year 1897, 
when 15,184.68 tons were sold, for $762,- 
469.96 The largest amount realized for zinc, 
within the time covered by the table, was for 
the output of 1899, which amounted to $2,313,- 
831.00. For the 16 years the mines yielded the 
enormous quantity of 633,683.63 tons of zinc 
ore, which was sold for $15,144,640.70, and 
105,178.46 tons of lead, which was sold for 




From January 1, 1886, to December 31, 1901, inclusive. Data since 1895 from the Engintiring and Mining Journal; others 

from Russell Elliott, Galena. 


















Zinc Ore. 

(2000 lbs) 



per ton. 

$18 50 

19 00 
21 00 

24 00 
23 00 

21 51 

20 00 

18 85 
17 10 

19 68 

22 51 

25 17 

26 64 
38 54 
30 28 

27 95 

Totals for 16 years 633,683.63 $373 73 {15,144,640 70 105,178.46 $705 94 


















708 00 
105 00 
211 00 
800 00 
525 00 
102 00 
237 78 
789 00 
257 00 
792 00 
307 83 
663 04 
230 55 
831 00 
237 13 
,844 3' 

Lead Ore. 

(2000 lbs) 



per ton. 

$59 00 
52 50 

31 00 
46 00 
42 28 
50 32 
42 00 
38 00 
33 64 
38 56 

32 04 
50 20 
42 04 
52 62 
48 80 
46 94 



766 38 
499 98 
344 00 
655 00 
176 28 
271 83 
903 14 
314 42 
794 66 
548 75 
529 90 
469 96 
,798 45 
311 00 
,995 87 
880 63 

Total value 
of output. 

















474 38 
604 98 
555 00 
455 00 
701 28 
373 83 
140 92 
103 42 
051 66 
340 75 
837 73 
133 00 
029 00 
142 00 
233 00 
725 00 

$4,542,260 25 $19,686,900 95 

$4,542,260.25, making, in all, $19,686,900.95. 
It must not be thought that this is all profit ; 
for, as a matter of fact, a very small part of it is 
clear profit, to any individual or company. The 
expenses of mining are always very great. 
While the output, when sold on a good market, 
brings in a vast amount of money, it has to be 
distributed among a large number of men, of 
various classes, which diffuses the benefits of 
the operations. Foundrymen, machinery build- 
ers, engineers, laborers, helpers, teamsters, 
shaft bosses, time keepers, clerks, bookkeepers; 
all these come in for their wages, salaries and 
accounts, and they must be paid. Then, if the 
mine is on leased ground, as many of them are, 
the owner of the land comes in for his royalty, 
Avhich is the easiest money made in all the under- 
taking. He has nothing to do but to accept his 

check and go to the bank and have it added to 
his account. 

The product of zinc ore, when the ore has 
been passed through the furnace and has been 
brought out in the metallic form, is called 
spelter. The furnace is called a smelter, and the 
operation of reducing the ore to metal is called 
smelting. The lead and zinc ores mined in 
Cherokee County, Kansas, are nearly all 
shipped to other places to be reduced. For- 
merly there were some smelters at Weir City, 
where coal is abundant ; but they were discon- 
tinued. A much larger number were at Pitts- 
burg, but many of them were moved to Iola, 
Kansas, on account of the abundance of natural 
gas. Recently, since the gas pressure has be- 
come weaker and insufficient to meet the de- 
mands as fully as desired, the smelters are being 


12 = 

brought back into the coal fields, where the 
supply of fuel is ample and will remain so, any- 
how for the next fifty years. 

In Mr. Haworth's bulletin, referred to in 
this chapter, he says that during the years of 
1900 and 1 90 1 the zinc smelters of Kansas 
yielded the largest amount of spelter ever pro- 
duced in a like time. They produced 57,856 
tons of metal in 1900, and 81,542.3 tons in 
1 90 1. The average price of spelter in New 
York, for the year 1900, was $87.80 a ton, and 
for the year 1901 it was $81.50 a ton, a decline 
of $6.30 a ton ; but the quantity put upon the 
market during the latter year was so much 
greater than the quantity for the former year 
that the value was greater by $1,516,864.65, 
the value for the first year being $5,028,832.80, 
while the value for the second year was 

In the year 1900 the total amount of spelter 
produced in the United States was about 123,- 
000 tons. Kansas produced nearly one-half of 
this amount. It is claimed by some that much 
of the ore smelted in Kansas is brought into 
the State from other places; that the Joplin 
district sends a large amount of ore to Kansas, 
to Iola, LaHarpe and Cherryvale, all of which 
are situate in the gas regions. This may be 
true ; but it may be stated as true, also, that 
as much Kansas ore is shipped out of the State, 
to smelters in Missouri, Illinois and other 
States, as that which comes into the State from 
the Joplin district. Anyhow, it is within the 
bounds of truth to say that, of the lead and 
zinc ores smelted in Kansas, nearly the entire 
amount is taken out of the earth in the Galena 
district, which includes all the mining opera- 
tions for zinc and lead in the State of Kansas. 

The following table will show the amount 
and value of the zinc produced in the State of 

Kansas, annually, from 1882 to 1901, inclusive, 
the table covering the product of 20 years : 


Amount in 

short tons 

(2000 pounds) 

Price per ton 
in New York 

Total Value 










































$ 814,679.60 












1 902 162 84 










1892 . 




5 028 832 80 







6,645 697 45 





The table does not cover the product of the 
mines of the Galena district, from the time of 
the discovery of lead and zinc ores there, in 
1877, up to the year 1882. By those who are 
best qualified to judge, it is estimated that the 
spelter produced in these five years was of the 
value of about $3,000,000, which added to the 
figures given in the table is seen to make up the 
aggregate value of $47,824,932.23, or an an- 
nual average of $2,391,246.61. 

The world's production of zinc metal has 
constantly increased, and very rapidly within 
recent years, due to the increased uses to which 
it is put. It enters into the composition of 
brass and other yellow compositions, into the 
cyanide processes, into the manufacture of sheet 
metals and very largely for electrical purposes. 
Fifty per centum of it is used for galvanizing 
purposes, twenty per centum for sheet metals, 
fifteen per centum for brass and other yellow 



compositions and fifteen per centum for sundry 
other purposes. It is indispensable in the 
manufacture of brass, and nothing else has 
been found that will take its place in electrical 
appliances. It is said that in America the 
greatest demand is for galvanizing purposes, 
in the manufacture of wire for fencing and 
other uses, and of galvanized iron for construc- 
tion purposes. 

Belgium and the Rhine district, taken to- 
gether, produce more zinc metal than any other 
district in the world. Silesia came next, in 
former times, with America third, Great Britain 

fourth, France and Spain fifth. Austria and 
Poland seventh : but more recently. America 
has gone ahead of Silesia, and is now second in 
the zinc-producing countries of the world, and 
it is not far behind Belgium and the Rhine dis- 
trict. The following table will show the world's 
output of zinc metal, for the years from 1884 
to 1900. inclusive. In the last year the Bel- 
gium and Rhine district produced 189.994 tons ; 
Silesia produced 102,316 tons and America 
122.885 tons. The next year, for which the 
output of other countries is not given, America 
nroduced 155.206 tons: 














Per cent. 








SI, 630 

87 175 

- - 


99 2 S 


. > 



.- n 





30, Hi "'7 


i ' 




- 1 - 

- 580 




86 290 
. - 
.- .: 
28H 525 

36 329 












- :• - 



122 885 



411 375 

• • 









1890 .. 
















- - 




■■ ■ - 


155 206 1 - 

It would take more time and space than can 
here be given to name all the individuals and 
firms that have been engaged and are now en- 
gaged in the mining of lead and zinc in the Ga- 
lena district. During the 27 years, since the dis- 
covery of these ores in that district, many have 
come and gone, and only a few of the companies 
which were among the first are still operating. 
From the Galena Times of July 28. 1004. some 
information is taken as to a number of the 

operators. Those mentioned are The South Side 
Mining & Manufacturing Company. The 
Pittsburg Lead & Zinc Company, The New 
Century Zinc & Lead Mining Company. Mur- 
phy, Freil & Company. The Merger Mining 
Company. The Clara Louise Mining & Mill g 
Company. The Galena Smelting & Manufac- 
turing Company, and The McXeal Mining & 
Milling Company. 

The following table shows the output of 



The Southside Mining & Manufacturing 
Company, from 1877, the beginning of mining 
operations at Galena, to and including the year 

1903, and also a supplemental showing of the 
output for the first five months of the present 
year (1904) : 







1877 . 





$ 2,372.52 



$ 2,169.09 
















































93, 304. S3 














$ 5,290.59 










The figures of quantity in the table indicate 
pounds instead of tons. It may be presumed 
that the Southside Mining & Manufacturing 
Company's output is an average among the 

principal mining companies operating in the 
district. If so, it indicates the wonderful ac- 
tivity which has been kept up since the discov- 
ery of the rich ore deposits in the lead and zinc 



area of Kansas, and which has brought so much 
wealth to the people engaged in the mining 


In taking out lead and zinc ores the opera- 
tions are so different from those employed in 
the mining of coal that it is deemed a matter 
of interest here to make a brief statement, so 
that the reader not acquainted with the dif- 
ferences will have a better understanding of 
them. Coal nearly always lies in strata or 
layers, varying in thickness, from a few inches 
to several feet. These strata are sometimes 
level ; oftener they are slightly tilted, and some- 
times much so. In the coal fields of Southeast- 
ern Kansas the strata incline slightly down- 
ward toward the northwest. If one owns a 
tract of land on all sides of which shafts have 
been sunk and a stratum of coal found, he 
is almost absolutely safe in the presumption that 
he has the same stratum lying under his land, 
and at about the same depth of that of his 
neighbors, making allowances for the surface 
variations and the general tilt of the stratum. 
This is not true with respect to lead and zinc. 
These ores lie in pockets or lodges, or they may 
be scattered through the earth very irregularly, 
sometimes "good stuff," sometimes "poor 
stuff," according to the per centum of ore, com- 
pared with the rock and earth to be worked. 
The ores can never be depended upon to lie in 
strata ; and, on this account, one can not judge 
from surrounding operations, only in a general 
way, whether he will find ore or not. His 
neighbor may find the richest of deposits; but 
he may not even get a "shine," although he 
may sink his shaft close by. 

The amount of earth and rock taken out is 

simply enormous. Excavations are sometimes 
made so large that the roof of a "room" may 
be 50 feet above the floor, or even higher. The 
whole force of miners may be employed in a 
single excavation. Of course, the rocks not 
containing ore are not hoisted to the surface, 
after the room is large enough for storing them, 
if the drifting is on a level ; but often the ore is 
so scattered through the stones that it is neces- 
sary to bring them to the surface. There is not 
much of what is called "free ore." 

After the ore-bearing rock is brought up it 
is run through powerful crushers, which grind 
it into a fine gravel. It is then run through 
"jigs," where is is shaken thoroughly in water, 
when the heavier particles go to the bottom. 
The water is then lowered and the top part of 
the gravel is skimmed off and thrown aside. 
This is called "tailings," but it yet contains a 
low per centum of ore. The heavy part, at the 
bottom, is then taken out of the "jig." when it 
is ready for the smelter. Recently, some com- 
panies have put in what are called "sludge 
mills," which grind the "tailings" into a still 
finer gravel, and this is put through the same 
kind of process as last described. The owners of 
these mills usually buy the great dumps of "tail- 
ings" at such prices as will justify them in 
working over the entire quantity, sometimes as 
large as a great hill containing thousands of 


On account of the fact that lead and zinc 
ores do not lie in strata, but in pockets, scat- 
tered here and there through the region, many 
persons fail in their mining operations. Thou- 
sands of dollars have been spent in prospecting, 
and ground has been abandoned in numberless 

Murdock Block, Galena 

Court House, Galena 


cases. In many instances abandoned shafts 
have been reopened and drifts started in other 
directions from those at first started, and these 
have led into the richest "finds" of ore. To 
those engaged in mining there are many inter- 
esting things. Some fail where others suc- 
ceed; some become suddenly wealthy by some 
fortunate turn, and afterwards strike a "streak 
of bad luck," and lose all they had formerly 
made ; others have toiled on from year to year, 
battling always against adverse conditions, at 
last to "strike it rich," and in a few months be 
independent. There is a fascination about the 
business, and this, with the chances to make 
money, attracts many people and leads to the 
building up of a community of rugged, cour- 
ageous class of citizens who, besides gaining 
the comforts which wealth affords, add largely 
to the material progress of the county. Lead 
and zinc have done wonders for Cherokee 
County. In its wealth of metal and mineral it 
stands in the front rank among the counties of 
the State, and if not at the very head, it is a 
question of a very short time when it will be 


In the chapter of this book, under The 
Early Settling of Cherokee County, the fact is 
mentioned that Benjamin F. Butler, of Massa- 
chusetts, who was one of the attorneys for the 
first settlers of the county, in their controversy 
with James F. Joy, once planned to secure the 
franchise for the water power of Spring River, 
or that part of it which flows through Cherokee 
County, Kansas. This was more than 30 years 
ago. It is believed that, had General Butler 
won the suit which was taken to the Supreme 
Court of the United States, and was decided 

adversely to the people, in 1872, he would have 
pushed the water power project to the extent 
of making Southwestern Missouri and South- 
eastern Kansas a great manufacturing district, 
after the pattern of many in the New England 
States. General Butler was a far-seeing man. 
He foresaw that the time was then not far away 
when the manufacturing interests of Massa- 
chusetts and its neighboring States would move 
South and West; that the commercial require- 
ments of the country would make it necessary. 
But it was the mining interests of this section 
that chiefly led him to consider the feasibility 
of the project concerning which I now write, 
although the mining operations here were then 
in their inception. Joplin was then a mere vil- 
lage of board shanties and here and there a few 
habitations of better pretense. That was five 
years before the discovery of lead and zinc at 
Galena, or rather where Galena now stands, for 
the place was then unhonored and unnamed. 
The region was then a post-oak and black-jack 
wilderness hemmed in by hills and bluffs of 
flint and limestone, where an occasional trav- 
eler would sometimes halt to quench his thirst 
at a rippling stream, thinking not at all that he 
trod the surface beneath which lay untold stores 
of wealth. The Joplin district seven miles 
away, had begun to attract the attention of cap- 
italists in the Northern and Eastern States, and 
some of them had come and were beginning 
operations for developing its riches. 

The development of the water power of 
Spring River, for more than the operation of 
an occasional grist mill, was left for persons 
coming upon the field at a later time. Perhaps 
it is better that it was so. There are turns in the 
affairs of men which lay hardships upon the in- 
dividual and later change for the benefit of the 
whole community, though lapses of time may 



often intervene. Thirty years ago the oppor- 
tune time had not arrived for the undertaking 
here considered. The conditions of population 
and of material development were not such as 
would justify the undertaking then; but the 
absence of these did not hinder far-seeing men 
from judging that they would speedily come. 


Within the last two years The Spring River 
Power Company, a corporation controlling all 
the money that it needs, has taken hold of the 
matter of harnessing the power of that river, 
and the work is largely on its way. Surveys 
have been made, lands have been purchased, 
franchises have been obtained and the work 
of building a mighty dam across Spring River, 
at Lowell, just below the mouth of Shoal 
Creek, is well under way. I was at the scene 
of operations on July 16, 1904, and the extent 
to which the work had been carried indicates 
that a gigantic enterprise is in progress. More 
than 300 men were at work ; and it is expected 
that by the first of January, 1905, the dam will 
be completed, the machinery put in and the 
company ready to furnish electric power to any 
point within a radius of 50 miles. History, gen- 
erally, does not have to do with matters of the 
future ; its province is to record the incidents 
and achievements of the past ; but in an instance 
where a great enterprise has been planned and 
the material operations have been begun, it can 
scarcely be improper to lay out before the 
reader the scope and purpose of the undertak- 
ing. Such is the matter in hand ; and the ob- 
ject of this record is to preserve facts which, 
if not now set down, may escape the historian 
who, in the years to come, will enlarge upon 
that of which I now write. 

The scope of the enterprise is planned to 
be broad, so broad as to meet the requirements 
laid upon it as the conditions may require from 
time to time along down the future. Besides 
the dam already under construction and well 
on its way to completion, another will be built 
at the south line of Cherokee County, where 
Spring River leaves the State of Kansas. By 
the course of the stream this is about 10 miles 
below Lowell, the point at which the first dam 
is being built. It is also said that the company 
will build a dam somewhere above Lowell, in 
Cherokee County, which will make three dams 
in the county. Besides these, the company in- 
tends to build a dam across the same stream, 
in the Indian Territory at a point a few miles 
west of Seneca, Missouri, on account of the rich 
ore fields in that district, as well as for other 
general purposes. But it is concerning the 
water power of Cherokee County that this 
chapter is being written. Mention is made of 
the fourth dam, as indicating the general scope 
of the company's planned undertaking. 

The three dams in Cherokee County, if the 
whole energy of the stream can be conserved, 
will perhaps secure the application of 60,000 
horse power; for Spring River is a magnificent 
stream of pure, limpid, spring water, with such 
a descent as admits of the feasibility of frequent 
dams along its course. Its main branch rises 
in Christian County. Missouri, not far west of 
Springfield. Its north fork rises in Dade 
County, Missouri, and Shoal Creek rises in 
Barry County, in that State. The main stream 
and all its branches flow through districts 
where there are many never-failing springs, 
some of which are large enough, in a single 
spring, to afford power for light-running grist 
mills and for other purposes. 

The purpose of the undertaking, concern- 



ing which this article is written, is to supply 
electric power for every kind of mechanical 
contrivance through which it may be profitably 
applied. It will be used in the operation of 
railway systems, for the transportation of pas- 
sengers and freight ; in supplying light and 
power for use in the towns and cities of the dis- 
trict, and for the smelting of ores in the near- 
lying mining fields along the river, on either 
side. In a sentence, the purpose of the under- 
taking is to turn Cherokee County, with the 
other districts lying within reach of the seat of 
power, into a great manufacturing center, 
where the cheap power can be used in the pro- 
duction of the commodities of trade and com- 
merce ; where the energy of the cold stream, now 
flowing on toward the distant sea, may be 
turned into light and power, for the comfort 
and convenience of the people now living, and 
yet to live, along its shores, and this without 
destroying its quality or much interrupting its 

course. That the water of this beautiful stream 
has flowed on for years, decades and centuries, 
deepening its channel among the hills and 
through the valleys, affords a presumption that 
it will continue to flow, and thus offer to those 
who dwell along its way the opportunity of 
securing the benefits which will help to lighten 
toil and open an easement from the drudgery 
of life ; and acting on this presumption the com- 
pany entering upon the gigantic undertaking 
now in its inception will, before long, come to 
the test of the feasibility of the enterprise. The 
people will watch the progress of the great 
scheme with an eagerness proportionate with 
the vastness of the work to be done, and with 
the hope that disappointment will come neither 
to those who have it in charge, nor to those to 
whom its benefits will come. The water power 
of Cherokee County is foremost among the 
many advantages which its material resources 



Railroad Construction — Railroad Property Tax Valuations — Railroad Mileage in 
the County — The Latest Line to be Built — Bonds in Aid of Railroads — An 
Early Railroad Time Table — Travel in the Days of the Stage Coach. 

Railroads are perhaps the chief factor in 
the accomplishment of the purposes of modern 
civilization. Though the activity which they 
give to methods in nearly every industrial un- 
dertaking lays a heavy strain upon the nerves 
of the people, making it questionable whether 
the facilities which they afford bring an ade- 
quate compensation for the tremendous outlay 
of energy, they are now considered indispensa- 
ble for maintaining the present social and com- 
mercial conditions of the country. The dread 
of distance and the loss of time have so lost 
ground as anxiety-producing elements that 
they are now no longer taken into account. 
With railroads the people accomplish in a day 
what, a generation ago, would have required a 
year. As the modern steamship, with its con- 
venience, comfort, luxury and speed, and the 
network of ocean cables which encircle the 
earth, have brought the fulfillment of the 
prophecy, "I saw a new heaven and a new 
earth ; for the first heaven and the first earth 
had passed away, and there was no more sea," 
so railroads have accomplished a like condition 
on the continents. 

At the close of the war, April, 1865, Seda- 

lia, Missouri, on the Missouri Pacific, and 
Rolla, Missouri, on the St. Louis & San Fran- 
cisco, were the nearest railroad points to Chero- 
kee County. The nearer of these was more 
than two hundred miles away, and travel to and 
from either was made by stage or by private 
conveyance, either of which was slow and 
dreadfully wearing. Merchandise of all kinds 
had to be brought in on the slow-going freight 
wagons, many of which were drawn by oxen. 
It would take more than a month to make a 
round trip. However, those engaged in the 
work enjoyed it ; and slow as the methods were 
in those pioneer days, life seemed to be as much 
worth the living as it is to-day, with all the 
modern ways and means which rapid-transit 
facilities enable the people to employ. 

railroad construction. 

As late as 1869, Pleasanton, Kansas, one 
hundred miles north of Columbus, was the 
nearest railroad point ; but by the latter part of 
that year the road was finished to Fort Scott. 
This was the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf 
Railroad. It was pushed on rapidly toward 



Columbus, and on April 8, 1870, the first 
freight train entered the town. This was a 
heyday for Columbus. On the nth of April 
the first passenger train came; and on the 18th 
the people were given a free excursion to Fort 
Scott. These events marked the beginning of 
an era in the history of the town, as well as 
in the history of the county. 

The building of the railroad south from 
Fort Scott was delayed by the opposition of the 
Land League ; and even after it was finished to 
Baxter Springs traffic over the line was often 
interrupted. It was partly for the protection 
of the company's property, that soldiers were 
kept in the county as late as 1872, when the 
dispute between the settlers and James F. Joy 
was settled by the United States Supreme 

The Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Rail- 
road was finished to Baxter Springs the same 
year it reached Columbus, and the latter place 
remained the terminus of the road many years ; 
then it was extended to Galena, and on to Jop- 
lin, Missouri. It did more to develop the 
county than any other road, at least for a long 
time, as from the main line, in the north part 
of the county, switches were extended to the 
coal shafts then opening up for supplying the 
markets as far north as Kansas City; and the 
road had much to do in opening the great lead 
and zinc mines at Galena. 

In the fall of 1872 the St. Louis & San 
Francisco Railroad, which had then been fin- 
ished to Carthage, Missouri, was extended 
west, to the east line of the State of Kansas. 
This was done by Edward Brown, who had 
built the road from Peirce City, Missouri, to 
Carthage. At the State line a town was laid 
off and named Brownsville. This remained 
the terminus of the road, from about 1868 until 

1872, when the road was extended through 
Cherokee County. In the meantime a narrow- 
gauge railroad was built from Weir City, in 
the northern part of the county, to Messer, in 
the middle eastern part. This was independent 
of the other road, and as such it was operated 
three or four years. After the completion of 
the St. Louis & San Francisco road through 
the county, traffic on the narrow-gauge road 
ran down, and the road was torn up and aban- 
doned. It was a non-productive investment, 
even at its best. 

While Brownsville was the terminus of the 
St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad, the pro- 
moters of the contemplated extension were 
busy devising means for the carrying out of 
their plans. Townships were besought to vote 
bonds, all along the proposed route, and every 
other possible effort was resorted to for raising 
funds. Two towns were laid off, one east and 
the other west of the present town of Crestline. 
Some enterprising men at Carthage, Missouri, 
and a few from Cherokee County, got up an 
organization, issued bonds and sold them in the 
New York market, realizing many thousands 
of dollars upon them. They were entirely 
worthless ; and as soon as the victims found out 
the truth a criminal action was brought, and a 
number of persons in Carthage were arrested. 
The affair broke up a wealthy banker, whose 
son was the legal adviser in the fraud, and it 
is said that others were seriously damaged in 
a financial way. 

The St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad 
was completed to Columbus in the fall of 1876, 
and on the first day of January, 1877, the com- 
pany's station was opened for business, under 
the care and management of J. M. Filler, who 
is still in charge of the company's business at 
Columbus, the company never having had any 

x 3 6 


other agent here. If he continues in charge 
until the first of January, 1905, he will com- 
plete 28 years of continuous service for the 

In 1901 the St. Louis & San Franscisco 
Railroad Company bought the controlling inter- 
est in the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Memphis 
Railroad Company, formerly the Kansas City, 
Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad Company, and 
since the purchase the properties of the two 
companies are known as the property of the 
St. Louis & San Francisco Railway Company. 
The stations of the two companies, in Colum- 
bus, were combined into one, in charge of J. 
M. Filler, of whom mention has been made. 

In 1886-87 the Nevada & Minden Railroad, 
later known as the Missouri Pacific Railroad, 
was built through the county, from about the 
center of the north line of the county, to the 
southwest corner of the county, a distance of 
25 miles, of which there are 24 miles lying in a 
direct line. This road crosses the St. Louis & 
San Francisco road at Sherwin Junction, six 
miles west of Columbus. It passes through 
the coal fields in the northern section of the 

In 1894 the Missouri, Kansas & Texas 
Railway was extended from the company's 
main line, at Parsons, Kansas, to Mineral City, 
about nine miles northwest of Columbus, where 
the company had bought large tracts of coal 
lands. In 1901 this road was continued, 
through Columbus and Galena, to Joplin, Mis- 
souri, making the length of the line 52 miles, 
32 of which lie in Cherokee County, besides 
more than 20 miles of side tracks and switches 
in the coal fields. 

Besides the roads which I have mentioned, 
the Kansas City Southern Railway touches 
Cherokee County, at the northeast corner, hav- 

ing a little more than three miles of track in 
this county. 

In addition to the railroads which are de- 
scribed in the preceding paragraphs, Cherokee 
County is one of the few counties of the State 
of Kansas which have electric roads. About 
two miles of the Southwest Missouri Electric 
Railway lie in this county, having the city of 
Galena as its present western terminus. This 
road is soon to be extended to Baxter Springs, 
and probably entirely through the county. 


Probably no other county in the State of 
Kansas has its railroad property so well dis- 
tributed as is found in Cherokee County. Out 
of the 14 townships of the county all but one 
have railroad property. Lyon township, in the 
southern central part of the county, has none. 
The following table, for the year 1904, shows 
the distribution of the county's railroad prop- 
erty valuation : 

Townships. Valuations. 

Pleasant View $ 32,268 

Cherokee 93418 

Mineral 84,915 

Ross 131.513 

Sheridan 34.209 

Lola 102,293 

Salamanca 95-590 

Crawford 111,758 

Shawnee 54,oo8 

Lowell 56,667 

Garden 19.125 

Spring Valley 102,859 


Neosho 38,682 


Baxter Springs 17.501 

Columbus 30.859 

Empire 20.703 

Galena 31.037 



Scammon 8,705 

Weir 24,579 

Total Valuation $1,092,596 


In the following table, showing the mileage 
of railroads in the county, it will be seen that 
the St. Louis & San Francisco Company has a 
number of branches, and that these have a 
number of side tracks, the side tracks, in some 
instances, being more than the main lines of 
the branches. These are in the mining districts 
of the county. 

St. L. & S. F. Division Main Line Side Track 

Short Creek 9.31 7.98 

Cherryvale 2.18 19.12 

Weir 2.01 14.91 

Girard .22 

Joplin, north and south. . . 25.55 22.71 

Galena 1.99 5.32 

Main, east and west 25.63 2.22 

66.89 72.26 

M. K. & T 32.18 20.83 

Missouri Pacific 25.03 1. 19 

Kansas City Southern 3.31 

Totals 127.41 94.28 


Total mileage of track 221.69 


The Arkansas, Missouri & Kansas Railroad 
Company has lately made a survey through 
Cherokee County, entering the east side of the 
county near the middle of the east line, and 
running northwesterly, leaving the county at a 
point eight miles east of the northwest corner. 
The main line will be about twenty miles, in 
the county, besides a large mileage of side 

tracks, as the road will lie through the coal 
fields. The road is now in process of construc- 
tion. When completed, it will add much to the 
assessable property of Cherokee County. 


With one exception, the townships of 
Cherokee County have steered clear of rail- 
road bonds ; but in some instances the struggles 
were fierce and long continued. In the early 
days, following the close of the war, between 
the years of 1868 and 1880, a horde of 
"sharks," "grafters" and "confidence men" 
swarmed into Kansas, as well as into other 
States, for the sole purpose of securing fraudu- 
lent bonds upon every municipality not guarded 
against their wily, sinuous methods. Not all 
the smooth, artful schemers with which the 
country was then infested were sent out by 
railroad companies; most of them were what 
are more recently called "promoters," bank- 
rupts, broken-down politicians and reckless ad- 
venturers, who had been spewed out of respect- 
able circles in the older States and cast away as 
worthless. They alighted here and there, in the 
West and in the South, and wherever an un- 
suspecting community could be found they set 
to work with a showing of fairness which 
would deceive the very elect. Petitions were 
circulated, elections were held, bonds were 
voted, issued and sold to "innocent purchasers," 
the promoters disappeared, and the people were 
left in a state of helplessness equaled only by 
their amazement at the deft, cunning manner 
in which they had been swindled. 

Salamanca township, on November 7, 1871. 
voted to bond itself, in the sum of $75,000, to 
aid in the construction of the Memphis, Car- 
thage & Northwestern Railroad. The bonds 



were issued and placed in escrow with the Secre- 
tary of State, at Topeka, pending the fulfillment 
of what the people understood as the condition 
upon which they voted the bonds. Some time 
afterward, and while the people were resting 
easy under the belief that their interests were 
safe, the bonds were turned over to the railroad 
company. The company then hunted up an "in- 
nocent purchaser" and sold the bonds to him, 
it is said, at a discount of about 50 per centum. 
The construction of the road was then aban- 
doned, and the people had nothing left but the 
figurative "gold brick" and a broad expanse of 
"blue sky." They took the matter into the 
courts, followed through a long course of ex- 
pensive litigation and came out losers. But 
the people are now paying off the bonds, and in 
a few years more there will be nothing of them 
left. The manner in which they are discharg- 
ing the task imposed upon them through fraud 
of the deepest dye displays courage of the 
rarest type. 

As Columbus is situated in Salamanca 
township, its property owners have borne and 
are bearing their proportion of the burden of 
paying for something they never received. The 
Memphis, Carthage & Northwestern Railroad 
was practically nothing more than a railroad on 
paper, while the corporate existence of the com- 
pany remains only in the memory of a few of 
the old settlers of the county. 


I have before me the Missouri River, Fort 
Scott & Gulf Railroad Time Table, No. 21, 
which took effect Sunday, November 27, 1870, 
at 8 A. M. The time table was handed me yes- 
terday (July 14, 1904) by E. L. Martin, a 

locomotive engineer w ho helped in building the 
road through this place in the spring of 1870. 
His engine drew a construction train. While 
at Cherokee, 12 miles north of Columbus, he 
suggested Cherokee as the name of the station, 
and the name was given it. Mr. Martin has 
been an engineer for about 39 years, and he 
now runs an engine for one of the passenger 
trains between Columbus, Kansas and Spring- 
field, Missouri. According to the time table, 
Columbus had but one passenger train each 
way a day. This train left Columbus at 8:11 
A. M., and arrived at Kansas City, a distance 
of 148 miles, at 4:00 P. M., requiring seven 
hours and 49 minutes to make the distance, 
which was less than 19 miles an hour. The pas- 
senger trains made stage connections at the fol- 
lowing places : At LesCygnes, for Butler, Ger- 
mantown and Sedalia ; at Pleasanton, for 
Mound City ; at Fort Scott, for Nevada, Lamer 
and Humboldt ; at Girard, for Osage Mission ; 
at Columbus, for Carthage, Oswego and Che- 
topa ; at Baxter Springs, for Seneca and Neo- 
sho, Missouri; Fayetteville, Bentonville, Van 
Buren, Fort Smith, Arkansas ; Fort Gibson, 
Tahlequah, Perryville, Boggy Depot, Fort Ar- 
buckle and Fort Sill, Indian Territory ; and 
Sherman, Dallas, Fort Worth, Waco and San 
Antonio, Texas. Under the head "Special Di- 
rections," some rules are laid down for the 
speed of trains. "The speed of freight trains 
must not, at any time, or under any circum- 
stances, exceed fifteen miles an hour; and that 
speed will only be allowed when trains are un- 
avoidably detained and it becomes necessary, to 
prevent detention of other regular trains at 
meeting points." Another rule is : "Trains 
must not cross truss bridges at a greater speed 
than eight miles an hour." 




Speaking of stage travel in those days 
brings to mind the fact that, with all of what 
would now be regarded uncomfortable methods 
for getting over the country, there was usually 
a good cheer and an ease of manner among 
fellow passengers by stage which went far to- 
ward compensating for whatever of hardship 
there might be. People in those days were not, 
as now, bent upon getting to their destination 
without loss of time. The distance, before 
starting, was often much dreaded ; but after the 
start was made, and the passenger became ac- 
quainted with his fellow passengers and fell 
upon good terms with the driver, the worst was 
over. Conversation ran freely upon matters of 
general interest, and the constantly occurring 
incidents of the trip came in for their share of 
attention. There were rough roads and smooth 
roads; there were broad stretches of prairie, 
skirts of shady woodland and the deep, quiet 

forests, with their valleys and hills and their 
streams of limpid water; and there were the 
relays, and, at long distances, the cheerful inns, 
where thirst could be quenched and hunger as- 
suaged in a manner befitting the days of fron- 
tier life. 

Railroads may annihilate distance and time, 
and they may do much toward meeting the fev- 
erish demands of a rushing, commercial age; 
but those who remember the days of stage 
coaches and steamboats, with the easy require- 
ments and simple manners of the people, pleas- 
antly recall many incidents and thrilling occur- 
rences which, at this day of hurrying to and 
from, would pass without notice; and to those 
who do remember the slower methods and the 
primitive manners and customs of the people, 
it is a question, not yet determined, whether the 
achievements of our present civilization have 
not been attained at an outlay of energy and 
mental force greater in value than that which 
we have received in exchange. 



The First Settlers — Organized as a City — The Schools — The Churches — The 
Water Supply — The Court House — A Bit of History — Improvement in Ma- 
terial Prosperity — Residences — Business Blocks — The Cherokee County High 
School — Columbus as a Place for Residence — Early Settlers who Have 
Passed Away — The City's Business Interests Expanding — Population Figures 
— The Post Office. 

Columbus, the county seat of Cherokee 
County, is situate almost exactly in the geo- 
graphical center of the county. It is of easy 
access, from all points ; and its broad streets, 
its well platted blocks, its comfortable, well- 
built homes, its churches, schools and other 
public buildings, make it a much desired place 
for residence. It is at the crossing of three 
railroads. — the Kansas City, Fort Scott & 
Memphis, the St. Louis & San Francisco and 
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas. Recently, as I 
have noted in the chapter on railroads, the first 
mentioned two roads have passed under the 
management of the St. Louis & San Francisco 
Railway Company, and the business of the two 
roads is now done through one office. The 
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Company's 
office is separate, and is conveniently located 
on East Maple street, the finest street in the 
city. The St. Louis & San Francisco station is 
in the northeastern part of the city, at the cross- 
ing of the tracks of the two branches of that 
road. It is the company's intention to build a 

station at a point more convenient for the 

the first settlers. 

It is not very clear as to who was the first 
settler on the present site of the city of Colum- 
bus. There have been some contentions as to 
this matter, and the truth of it may never be 
precisely known. The original plat of the city 
contains 36 blocks, nearly in the center of sec- 
tion 13, township 33 south, range 23 east of 
the Sixth Principal Meridian, in the State of 
Kansas. The middle of the section is in Maple 
street, about one block and a half east of the 
Court House square. It is said that John Ap- 
pleby built the first house. This was on the 
northwest quarter of the section, on what is 
now lot 17, block 16, of the original plat. This 
was a farm house. No effort had been made to 
lay off a town. It was in the year 1867, when 
most of the land was in wild prairie grass. 
About that time Martin Jones built a house, the 



second erected. Even then there was no town 
organization. The county seat was at Pleasant 
View ; and there was no well organized purpose 
to make a change to the center of the county. 
H. A. Scovell, who now owns a hardware store 
on the north side of the public square, came to 
Cherokee County in 1867, and filed a claim on 
the southeast quarter of section 13. He 
sold his claim to S. S. Smith. His brother, 
Hannibal Scovell, sold his claim, the northeast 
quarter of the same section, to George Souder. 
The third house built was that erected by F. 
Fry, in 1868. It was afterward used as a hotel, 
known as the Lagonda House. Mr. Fry dug a 
well from which a large quantity of good water 
was obtained. He had it analyzed, and finding 
it contained medicinal qualities, according to 
the analysis, he advertised it, with a view to 
inducing immigration to the place. Hannibal 
Scovell, in 1867, laid claim to the northeast 
quarter of the section which I have mentioned, 
and he afterward sold the claim to George 
Souder. Both men are yet living in Cherokee 
County. On December 25, 1868, J. N. Lee, 
who had bought John Appleby's claim, opened a 
general store, the first store of any kind opened 
in the place. Then Scovell & Hanson opened 
a grocery store. Then the town, if it might be 
called such, began to attract attention. It was 
variously designated. It was called The Center, 
The Geographical Center, Centralis, and finally 
A. V. Peters, who was from the State of Ohio, 
called the place Columbus, in honor of that 
State's capital. In August, 1869, C. E. Mid- 
daugh opened a dry goods and grocery store. 
Mr. Middaugh was the principal merchant in 
the town for many years, and he made his busi- 
ness profitable. He afterward built a hotel, 
known as the Middaugh Hotel, and it is so 
known to this day, and is the leading hotel in 

the city, having been, a few years ago, combined 
with the Palace Hotel, formerly built and 
owned by F. Fry. 


The city of Columbus was organized 
through the election held in April, 1871. This 
was about a year after the coming of the Kan- 
sas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad. The 
first mayor was Leland J. Webb, and the fol- 
lowing are those who have succeeded : J. N. 
Ritter, 1872 ; T. P. Anderson, 1873 • J- H - Lud- 
low, 1874-75; C. A. Sanders, 1876; George 
Hoyt, 1877; W. C. Lykens, 1878: S. O. Mc- 
Dowell, 1879-80-81-82; C. E. Middaugh, 1883- 
84; E. A. Crewson, 1885-86; R. M. Cheshire, 
1887-88; O. S. Butler, 1889-90-91-92; John 
Wiswell, 1893-94; S. O. McDowell, 1895-96; 
John Wiswell, 1897-98; J. O. Houx, 1S99- 
1900; L. J. Slease, 1901-02; and W. T. Fork- 
ner, 1903-04. The mayors of the city have 
been chosen with a view to getting the best pos- 
sible public service; and the affairs of the city 
have usually been in conservative hands. The 
expenditures, which have necessarily become 
larger every year, as the city has grown and 
has been compelled to look after larger inter- 
ests, have been carefully guarded. As a rule the 
best men are chosen as councilmen. Sometimes 
the importance of this matter has been over- 
looked ; but there is a growing tendency to avoid 
the mistake of electing other than well-in- 
formed, conservative men; for the people are 
watchful of such things, and they will not 
stand for the inefficiency of poorly informed 


The people of Columbus have maintained 



a constant watch care over the public schools of 
the city ever since the organization of the city. 
Every citizen had taken an interest in them ; 
and while the members of the School Board 
have been selected from among all classes, a 
wise direction has been given the management 
and the very best results have been attained. 
Good and well furnished buildings have been 
provided, well qualified and painstaking super- 
intendents have been employed, capable teachers 
have been chosen and everything else has been 
done to reach satisfactory results. Many grad- 
uates from the City High School have become 
teachers in the city and in the county. Some 
of them are holding responsible positions, too, 
in the government service at Washington ; one 
is the State Geologist, and another is the dean 
of the medical faculty at the State University, 
whose articles on subjects in the science of 
chemistry have been copied in the London, Ber- 
lin and other foreign scientific journals and 
eagerly read by the best thinkers of the age. 


According to an old history which I have 
been permitted to examine, the first church 
organized in Columbus was the Baptist Church, 
May 20, 1870. There were 12 members. El- 
der C. A. Bateman presided at the meeting 
when the organization was effected. There 
were a number of pastors in the early years, 
among whom may be mentioned Elders 
Maver, Lappin, Post, Floyd, and Bowman. 
More recently there were Elders Ferguson, 
Houston, Hudson and Essex. Elder John 
R. Wright is the present pastor. The first 
Baptist Sunday-school of which there is any 
record was organized in August, 1882, with L. 
D. Dana as superintendent. The old church 

house now belongs to J. L. Thomas, and is used 
as a blacksmith shop, on East Maple street. 

The Methodist Church was organized, with 
15 members, May 22, 1870. It grew rapidly 
in number. Among the ministers who had 
charge of the church in the first years of its 
work were : Elders Kirchner, Lowe, Bliss, 
Burrows, Combs, Scaggs, Thornbrue, Sibley, 
Marey, Kirby, Griffin, Thrall, McBirney and 
Robb. More recently there have been Elders 
Parker, Boaz, Vollmar, Murphy and Mulva- 
ney. The present pastor is Elder S. L. Chase. 
The church membership is perhaps the largest 
in Cherokee County, being about 500. 

The Christian Church was organized in 
October, 1870. I have not the names of the 
former pastors, in the order of their terms. 
Elder J. A. Murray organized the church, and 
he was the pastor for the first two years. Other 
pastors were : Elders Baxter, Dewees, Jenkins, 
Dutcher, Tout, Hooten, Witt, Yard, Derry and 
McFarland. Elder Frank Jewett is the present 
pastor. The church numbers about 250 mem- 

The Presbyterian Church was organized in 
1 87 1. Among the pastors the following may 
be mentioned : Elders Hawkins, Mayo, Cole- 
man, Moore, Hatfield, Hillis, Theis, Smalley 
and Bliss. 

The Seventh-Day Adventists have a church 
organization and a church building, but no 
resident pastor. 

The United Brethren have a church and a 
pastor, W. L. Stone, but they have no church 
building. The church organization is just now 
making an effort to put up a church building. 
Elder Stone has one or two country congrega- 
tions to whom he preaches regularly. In Co- 
lumbus the congregation uses the Adventists' 
church house, situate in East Columbus. 

AST' iN0 

Residence of W. S. Norton 

Built and formerly owned by R. A. Long, now of Kansas City, Mo. 

Residence of Mrs. A. Hood 

Residence of Hon. R. M. Cheshire 

Residence of C. A. McNeill Residence of E. R. Pattvson 





In 1887 R. A. Long, president of the Long- 
Bell Lumber Company, whose main office was 
in Columbus at that time, and L. L. Doubleday, 
of the banking firm of Ritter & Doubleday, built 
a water supply system, at a cost of $60,000, 
one of the finest systems, at that price, there was 
in Southeastern Kansas. The city of Colum- 
bus, or certain citizens, some years previous to 
that time, had put down a well, 1.300 feet deep, 
and had secured a good flow of most excellent 
water. This well became a part of the water 
supply system. The very best of machinery 
was put in and a stand-pipe was erected on the 
original plat of the city. The City Council con- 
tracted with the firm of Long & Doubleday for 
putting in 50 fire plugs, agreeing to pay the 
firm $3,000 a year for their use. This was a 
heavy tax upon a city of no more than 2,000 
inhabitants ; and the burden, after being borne 
for a few years, gave rise to much complaint 
and dissatisfaction. The city got behind, and 
such was the pressure brought to bear upon the 
council by those who were complaining that 
the matter continued until about $12,000 was 
due the firm. In the meantime mandamus pro- 
ceedings were begun to compel the Council to 
make a levy, which it had failed to do. The 
water supply firm also brought suit, for dam- 
ages, against T. P. LaRue, J. E. Tutton, Wes- 
ley E. Best, members of the Council, charging 
conspiracy against the firm. This case was 
finally dismissed. The city employed YV. B. 
Glasse and C. D. Ashley, to defend it in the 
mandamus proceedings in the Supreme Court, 
where the case was finally disposed of in favor 
of the city. Some time during the disagree- 
ment between the city and the water supply 
firm, the co-partnership gave place to a corpo- 

ration, with L. L. Doubleday as manager; but 
this change did not improve the condition to the 
extent of bringing about an amicable adjust- 
ment of the trouble. Matters rather grew 
worse; and finally there began to spring up a 
sentiment favoring the city ownership of the 
system. The matter was discussed, from time 
to time, in the City Council, and everywhere 
else, the proposition gaining favor all the time. 
The city was deeply in debt to the water com- 
pany, and there was a decided feeling among 
the people against any effort to pay the claim. 
Finally, in 1897, while John Wiswell was 
mayor of the city, the water system was pur- 
chased by the city, for the sum of $32,000, the 
city issuing bonds for $30,000, at six per 
centum annual interest. By this the city saves 
$1,200 a year, provided the water rentals which 
come from private use will pay the running ex- 
penses and provide against the wear and tear 
of the equipment. So far, the Council has not 
made any considerable effort to increase the 
earnings from private use, nor is it providing 
any fund against the necessity which will some 
time come for the renewal of the machinery, 
mains, branch pipe and other things needed for 
the effective operation of the system. It is 
claimed by some that all these precautions 
would be taken, if the system were under pri- 
vate ownership and control ; that it is not a good 
policy to manage a public concern on other than 
along such courses as are followed in the man- 
agement of private affairs ; and such persons 
predict, and that upon safe grounds, that the 
city, maybe, at a time when it is the least pre- 
pared to met it, will find itself confronted with 
a condition under which it will be necessary 
to meet a big expense. Those favoring the 
city ownership believe that the city, after a little 
more experience, will begin to provide against 



the day of want; that it will learn how to get 
the most profit, at the least outlay, and that 
within a comparatively short time the system 
will be managed according to the best methods 
eir ployed in directing private affairs. 


In 1887, on the 15th day of June, the grand 
master of the Grand Lodge of the State of Kan- 
sas, A. F. & A. M., laid the corner-stone of the 
Court House, which the people had voted to 
build. The ceremony was impressive, and it will 
long be remembered by those who witnessed 
it. Hundreds were there, and to them it was a 
resting place in the long, patient, enduring 
through which they had passed, hoping the day 
when they would begin the erection of a house 
creditable to the county which they had made 
their choice. For years and years they had put 
up with the old, wooden building on the north- 
east corner of the public square, inadequate in 
every respect for the safe-keeping of the public 
records, a dim, dingy and dreary old house 
which had served its time and was awaiting the 
day of its removal. To them it was the begin- 
ning of a new era. The erection of the new 
house went on for a while ; then came a delay. 
Some changes were made in the plans, and these 
brought a cessation of the work, and the sound 
of the hammer was for a while not heard. The 
building, however, was at last finished, and 
into it all the county records were moved. This 
was in 1889. The building, including furnace 
and furniture and such other things as are 
necessary to modern ideas of convenience, cost 
about $75,000. 


In the year 1885 a most unfortunate affair 
occurred on the Court House square. While 

the county officers were occupying the old 
wooden building on the northeast corner of the 
square, there was no place in the building for 
keeping the records in safety. For the protec- 
tion of the books the county built a brick vault 
in the yard, and into this vault the records 
were put at night. Lawton & Woodruff was 
the style of a firm which was at that time en- 
gaged in the real estate, loan and insurance 
business. They employed much of their time 
in making a set of abstract books from the rec- 
ords. About the time they completed the set 
of abstract books, the vault in which the county 
records were kept was blown up, evidently with 
the intent to destroy the records of the county. 
Suspicion almost immediately rested upon the 
two members of the firm, but no arrest was 
made at the time. The ground of the suspicion 
was that it would be to the interest of Lawton 
& Woodruff, but to no one else, to have the 
records destroyed. Their abstracts would then 
be worth many thousands of dollars to them. 
There was another reason, which came to light 
later : The firm had negotiated a number of 
false mortgages, selling them to Eastern capi- 
talists, and these mortgages would in time be 
shown as fraudulent, upon an examination of 
the records; hence the importance of getting 
the records out of the way. A thorough inves- 
tigation was made of the matter, through the 
aid of detectives, and at the end of it Lawton 
and Woodruff were put under arrest ; but it was 
not until after another attempt was made to 
destroy the records. After the vault was 
blown up, and it was deemed unsafe to keep the 
books in the Court House, old and dilapidated 
as it was, the records were moved into an upper 
room in the J. W. Tompkins Building. S. Y. 
Timberlake was the register of deeds at the 
time. In the fall of 1885, William H. Chew 



was elected register of deeds, and he took the 
office in January, 1886. Not long after he 
took the office, some persons got into the room 
one night, a very cold night, between one and 
two o'clock, saturated the books with coal oil 
and set them on fire. B. W. Martin, who kept 
a harness shop in the room beneath, and who 
roomed on the same floor where the records 
were kept, chanced to hear persons talking, and 
on making an investigation found the office on 
fire. He burst the door open, carried water in 
a bucket and got the fire under control. He 
also gave the alarm, and was soon joined by a 
number of others, with whose help the flames 
were at last extinguished. Following this a 
warrant was issued and the two men placed 
under arrest. The case against Woodruff 
never came to trial. It was not generally be- 
lieved that he was guilty. His case was dis- 
missed. Lawton was held under bond, and 
pending the trial he went to Ohio, the State 
whence he came. He was constantly under 
the shadow of a detective. At his hotel, in 
Cincinnati, the detective roomed just across the 
hall. It is a mere conjecture as to whether he 
ever suspected that he was being shadowed; 
but the detective watched his incoming and his 
outgoing; and when a certain day had well 
worn along, and Lawton did not come down, 
the clerk of the hotel made an entrance into the 
room, the death chamber of Richard H. Law- 
ton, for there lay the man cold and senseless. 
The detective entered the room with the clerk, 
identified the man who had been followed from 
Columbus, Kansas, and the career of the pur- 
sued was at an end. J. R. Hallowell, one of 
the leading lawyers of the county, at that time, 
was Lawton's attorney. Lawton told him all. 
He went to the bottom of the matter, as clients 
sometimes do, and ought always to do, with 

their attorneys. Mr. Hallowell died some years 
ago, I believe, in the State of Indiana, whence 
he had come to this State in the early days. 
But before he died he told a friend, who now 
lives in this city, that Lawton made a full and 
complete confession to him ; confessed that he 
was guilty ; that he tried to destroy the records, 
for the purpose of making his abstract books 
valuable. As far as it has been learned, he did 
not implicate any one else with him in the 
crime. Richard H. Lawton was born in Ma- 
rietta, Ohio, February 24, 1849. He graduated 
from Wabash University, Indiana, in 1865, at 
the age of 16 years. He then came West, and 
after being engaged in a number of different 
employments he went to what is now Crawford 
County, Kansas, and helped to lay out Girard, 
the county seat. He came to Columbus in 
1878, for the purpose of disposing of the Rail- 
road company's lands. Let us turn to brighter 


For a long time after the beginning of the 
upbuilding of the place the home owners of 
Columbus had many ups and downs, and espe- 
cially downs. Times were hard, and the mort- 
gage taker was abroad in the land. Twenty 
years ago from this good day of grace half the 
homes in Columbus were the abode of sadness 
because of debt ; and in many of them sadness 
took up her permanent residence, to bide the 
time of the sheriff's coming. The people, in 
the years preceding, had reveled in speculative 
ideas of the dreamiest nature ; the city had had 
a "boom," but when Nature had brought about 
an equilibrium, as Nature always does, many 
had the form of ownership, while lacking the 
real thing. About 15 years ago the sheriff was 



the busiest, best known man in Cherokee Coun- 
ty, while many a mortgage holder was "a very 
sick man," and many a former home owner 
was looking about for a place to begin life 
anew. Things went down to bed rock, and 
some of them even crawled under it. In not a 
few instances the rental charge for a house was : 
"Move in and take good care of the property." 
There was a time, about ten years ago, when 
the money lenders of the East owned scores of 
houses and lots in Columbus from many of 
which they were receiving no returns at all. 
It is far different now. Those properties have 
been bought by the people who went through 
the trying times and came out wiser from the 
experience and are now holding their homes 
without incumbrance. Mortgage holders are 
much in the minority, and a case in foreclosure 
is now a rare entrance on the docket of the 
court. In many an instance it may be said that 

The blazing hearthfire now again doth burn, 
And busy housewife plies her evening care; 

While children run to lisp their sire's return, 
And climb his knee the envied kiss to share. 


In the earlier days, even before it was gen- 
erally believed that Columbus would become a 
very desirable place for residence, a number of 
the more enterprising citizens built commodi- 
ous, comfortable homes ; and it was largely due 
to these, that others were encouraged to hold 
on and to grapple with adverse conditions, fin- 
ally to succeed and do likewise. Among those 
who early built good homes the following may 
be mentioned: Lewis Prell, W. R. Cowley, 
Henry C. Mentzer, R. A. Long, Mr. Jarvis, M. 
A. Housholder. John N. Ritter, John E. Tut- 
ton, Milton R. Steward, B. F. Steward, A. H. 

Skidmore, J. P. Campbell. J. H. Smith, Isaac 
Wright, Chester Branin, E. A. Scammon, J. 
R. Hallowell, Slemons Lisle, Mr. Walbert, 
E. M. Tracewell, A. Hood, D. S. Free- 
man, Wesley E. Best and S. O. McDowell. 
More recently, and since the city has taken on 
new life, others have established good, com- 
fortable homes, and among them are these : 
Robert Warren, W. J. Moore, Dr. Johnson. J. 
H. Hamilton, L. J. Slease, A. Hood, H. N. 
Furness, E. W. Youngman, A. H. Baldwin, C. 
A. McNeill, H. R. Crowell, Fred Scoville, C. 
M. Hord, J. C. Forkner, W. T. Forkner, Alex- 
ander Wilson, George Martin, Roy Wilson, 
Charles Bartlett. C. R. Aitchison, Dr. Winter, 
R. M. Willis, Dr. Huffman, Fred Simkins, 
John Wiswell, Hy Rains, C. D. Ashley, John 
Rawlings, H. B. Henderson, Mary Kraft, E. R. 
Pattyson, F. A. Jackson, Dr. Hendrickson, Mr. 
Hodge, J. Wilbur Logan, Judge W. B. Glasse, 
C. A. Middaugh and James Morrow. Some of 
the better suburban homes are those of Col. 
R. W. Blue, Judge R. M. Cheshire, Senator M. 
A. Householder, Ex-Treasurer Frank Hoover, 
Thomas A. Blake, Andrew Shearer, Dr. J. O. 
Houx, A. S. Dennison, T. J. Skinner, Phil C. 
Metzler and Wash Williams. 


In the building up of business properties 
some of the citizens have done much for the 
city in the last half a score of years. T. P. La- 
Rue and W. M. Benham have led in this re- 
spect, while H. A. Scovell, W. B. Lowry, J. 
Wilbur Logan, W. S. Norton, A. H. Skidmore 
and M. A. Housholder have done much toward 
helping the city into better conditions. All of 
these have put up good, substantial brick build- 
ings which add to the good appearance of the 



city, while increasing its taxable wealth. In 
addition to what has been done toward build- 
ing up business properties Mr. LaRue has 
bought and improved many residence proper- 
ties which had been formerly neglected by the 
owners and allowed to go to sale for debt. 


The establishment of the Cherokee County 
High School at Columbus, gave a better im- 
petus to the growth and permanent improve- 
ment of the city than anything else that has 
taken place in the last 15 years. Immediately 
upon the determination of the fact that the peo- 
ple had voted affirmatively on the question, res- 
idence property began to advance in value, 
while a lighter stimulus was given business in- 


With its central location, where it is acces- 
sible from every direction ; with its wide, shady 
streets, its good water for every purpose, its 
churches and schools and its well laid out 
homes, Columbus is a much desired place for 
residence. The people who live in it do not pro- 
fess to be righteous above those of other places ; 
there is a good deal of liberality and fairmind- 
edness ; views on all matters are liberally enter- 
tained and freely expressed ; the truly pious are 
respected and they have their influence, which 
is always an uplift to others; those of wide re- 
ligious views are not held in scorn, but there is 
no place for the trimmer, the artful dodger, the 
man of policy who joins a lodge or a church 
or keeps himself in touch with certain classes 
for the sole purpose of turning his affiliation 
in as merchantable asset that he may profit 

There are no saloons in Columbus. The 

subject of the traffic in intoxicating liquors, 
whether it is materially profitable for the city 
to allow it or not, has been settled thoroughly 
and, it ought to be hoped, for all time to come. 
As a rule, the mayors of the city, as well as the 
other officers, have been against the traffic, and 
the sentiment of the people is that it shall never 
be tolerated within the municipal limits. The 
people of the county, in settling the County 
High School at Columbus, did so with the tacit 
understanding that the government of the city 
would not allow the saloon, with all its concom- 
itant influences, to stand as a menace to the 
work of education, which it would do if per- 
mitted to ply its traffic where the students of 
the High School might be reached. 


Many of the early citizens of Columbns 
have passed away. Few of the first settlers re- 
main. Of those who lived here 20 years ago 
and were active in the interests of the city, 
many now gone will be well and kindly remem- 
bered. Capt. S. S. Smith, F. Fry. Dr. E. L. 
Enlow, Horace Brown, Capt. J. H. Smith, 
George S. Richardson, Samuel Megenity, R. 
H. Stott. Slemons Lisle. Edward McPherson, 
James Whitcraft, W. H. Timberlake, Judge 
John N. Ritter, J. W. Tompkins, A. A. Bloom- 
field, C. E. Middaugh, H. A. Hicks and A. 
Hood. And yet, out of a population of 3.000, 
there are 52 persons in the city who are over 
70 years of age. 


Heretofore, the city of Columbus has de- 
pended, for its business, upon the agricultural 
districts of the county, and it is yet almost so 



at this time; but within recent years the devel- 
opment of the rich coal fields just north of the 
city has added much to business interests. With 
the completion of the electric railroad now con- 
templated, which will connect the city with the 
lead and zinc mines on the southeast and with 
the coal districts on the north, the place will 
become more desirable, both for residence pur- 
poses and for the enlarged opportunities which 
will be offered for trade and commerce. 

In 1889 the Lafflin & Rand Powder Com- 
pany, of New York, established a system of 
powder mills about three miles north of Colum- 
bus, for the Inanufacture of blasting powder. 
The immense quantity of powder used in the 
mines of Southeastern Kansas and Southwest- 
ern Missouri first called the attention of the 
company to the importance of the undertaking, 
which has been in constant operation since the 
work's were finished and the company ready to 
supply the demand. These mills have cost the 
company about $500,000, and they have added 
much to the taxable property of the county, 
besides giving employment to a large number 
of men. 

Within the last two years a company has 
been organized and incorporated by a number 
of the citizens, for the extensive manufacture 
of brick and tile. The works are in operation 
now, and the successful manufacture of vitri- 
fied brick and the other products of the plant 
has shown the good business judgment which 
led to the undertaking. The city itself has 
been much profited by this enterprise, as it 
affords an immediate supply of material for 
buildings of all kinds, and for paving the 
streets and sidewalks, which until recently had 
been so much neglected. 


In 1870 the population of Columbus was 
402 ; in 1 880 it was 1 , 1 64 ; in 1 890 it was 2,135; 
in 1900 it was 2,414 and in 1904, as taken by 
the city assessor, in the month of March, it 
was 2,952. The population is almost wholly 
made up of American-born people, there being 
very few of foreign birth living in the place. 


The business of the postoffice of Columbus 
has never brought it up to the grade of a sec- 
ond-class office; but the rate of the increase as 
it now is will before long bring it to that class. 
Nearly all the territory within easy reach is sup- 
plied, in its mail matter, from this office; and 
four rural routes have been established. The 
postmasters of Columbus are here named, in 
the order in which they served : J. F. McDow- 
ell, S. O. McDowell, A. T. Lea. M. W. Coulter, 
H. V. Gavigan, W. P. Eddy, S. Y. Timberlake. 
N. T. Allison, Clarence R. Aitchison and 
Jesse Forkner. The amount of mail matter 
handled through the office has vastly increased 
within the last few years, while the transfer of 
mail pouches coming through the office and 
those handled at the railroad stations makes a 
showing of enormous volume. At Girard, 
Crawford County, 30 miles north of Colum- 
bus, a weekly newspaper has a circulation of 
260,000 copies; and much of the mail matter 
which it sends out is transferred at this place. 
Twenty-two mail and passenger trains pass 
through Columbus every 24 hours, and from 
this fact it may be presumed that the mail mat- 
ter handled here is of itself an important item. 



The Phases of the City's Past— The First Settlers— Incorporated as a City— The 
Baxter Springs Massacre— Discovery of Lead and Zinc — Development of the 
Water Power on Spring River — Residences. 

the phases of the city - s past. 

The site of Baxter Springs could scarcely 
be excelled in any country. It is neither level 
nor very hilly. Situate on the west side of 
Spring River, in the southeast corner of Cher- 
okee County, and about two miles north of the 
Indian Territory line, half in woodland, half in 
what was originally a prairie, the city never 
fails favorably to impress those who sojourn 
within its quiet, restful precincts. It was not 
always thus; for in the early days, when it was 
a mere outpost on the frontier, it was known, 
far and wide, as "a tough place," made up of 
a number of classes of people who would 
scarcely be taken into the aggregate of polite 
society. Hither came people from the North 
and East, seeking easement from the harder 
conditions under which they had lived in the 
States of denser population, some of them hop- 
ing through upright methods to gain a footing 
where they might establish homes, while others, 
more of roving, adventurous dispositions, came 
along to light upon any edge of fortune that 
might turn in the constant drifting of a reck- 
less life. From the South and Southwest there 

came the not less reckless but the bolder classes 
of the extreme frontier, honorable in a way, 
true to a friend, but deliberately cold to the ap- 
proach of those who might be suspected of a 
questionable design. The classes who fur- 
nished the money were those who came from 
the older sections of the country, as merchants 
and tradespeople, and those who came from 
the frontier, as the owners of the vast herds of 
cattle which, in those days, were driven north- 
ward, to come within easier reach of the mar- 
kets or to meet the cattle buyers, who were 
plentiful at that time. Being the principal 
trade mart of the Southwest, the place was the 
nerve center of a constantly widening area 
from which it drew all things unto itself. 
Money was so plentiful that men became wild 
in their speculative ideas; and those who had 
the direction of public affairs reckoned not at 
all for the future; or, if they did, they could 
see nothing but a continuation of the feverish 
conditions of the material prosperity which had 
set the town so well along. By the year 1875 
the town had a population of about 5,000; but 
long before that it had voted bonds to the Kan- 
sas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad, to the 



amount of $150,000. In 1871, after the rail- 
road bonds had been voted, $25,000 was voted 
for building school houses, and $10,000 for a 
Court House; and in 1873 $4,000 was voted 
for street improvements, making the bonded 
indebtedness of the city $189,000, an amount 
greater than the real value of the taxable prop- 
erty of the people. Subsequently, the building 
of the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad and 
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway into 
the Indian Territory, the one south and the 
other west of Baxter Springs, so cut off the 
Texas cattle trade as practically to ruin the 
trade interests of the town. When the trade 
of the city was taken away ; when civilization, 
in its Westward march, pushed the frontier 
farther on, and the place settled down to the 
basis of its own merit, the ardor and enthusi- 
asm which had led the people into wild ideas 
as to the future of the town cooled down ; but 
their bonded obligations remained no less ex- 
acting. Creditors rarely slacken their hand on 
account of the weakened condition of the deb- 
tor. If a "pound of flesh" is "nominated in the 
bond," the payment is demanded at the limit 
of its run. The tax burden of the people of 
Baxter Springs grew so heavy that there was a 
distressing diminution of the population, by 
reason of the fact that a large number, weak- 
ened in their purposes by the general misfor- 
tunes of the city, and seeing no early prospect 
of a better turn, abandoned what they could illy 
afford to hold and left for other parts. About 
that time the discovery of the rich ore fields in 
the Joplin district and at Galena drew away 
many people, who surrendered their property 
to the iron-handed tax gatherer. The desola- 
lation was so complete, and values went so 
low, that property which in the better days had 
been highly prized was sold under the hammer 

at a merely nominal price, to satisfy the de- 
mands of public debt. The conditions were 
such that even the bond holders found it nec- 
essary to accept a compromise ranging from 
20 cents to 50 cents on the dollar ; but even this 
left to the few people who remained a mere 
modicum of hope. But to those who did re- 
main, and who have withstood hardships which 
would crush out the life of a less courageous 
people, there is now the dawn of a better day. 
They have endured a long night of weeping, and 
through it they have earned the joy of the 
morning, whose cheering light is now begin- 
ning to break through the rifted clouds. With 
the conditions now setting in, under which there 
is a permanent growth fostered and guided 
through the experience of those who have un- 
dergone even' manner of hardship, it is safe to 
say that Baxter Springs bids fair, not far hence, 
to become one of the most delightful dwelling 
places in the entire West. The city has come 
through great tribulation, such as has been the 
lot of many a Western town whose hopes and 
fears have alternated through the shifting 
phases of fortune; but it has now come to an 
estate of better things, where the joy of the 
achievement of laudable aims enables the peo- 
ple in a measure to forget the gloom through, 
which they have come. The city has freed it- 
self from the burden of public debt, and it is 
safe to say that its affairs will hereafter be 
guided clear of such entanglements as those 
through which it has passed so much of its 


Baxter Springs took its name from A. Bax- 
ter, the first person to take a claim on the land 
on which the northeast part of the town was 



afterward built. According to the statement of 
Mrs. A. Willard, who is now 64 years old, and 
who has lived all her life in the neighborhood, 
"Old Man Baxter" lighted upon his claim about 
the year 1850, and could, therefore, be nothing 
more than a "squatter." In the chapter of this 
volume treating of the early settling of the 
county I have somewhat described the char- 
acter of the man and have given an account of 
his tragic death. In addition to what is there 
said, it has been later learned that he was a 
kind of self-appointed Universalist missionary, 
and that he finally drifted into spiritualism and 
later into infidelity. Baxter first built a squat- 
ter's shack on the claim which he took, a short 
distance in a northeasterly direction from the 
spring, and broke out a few acres of ground, 
the meagei returns of which were sufficient to 
meet the simple wants of himself and family. 
With these rude pretensions, suited to the char- 
acter of frontier life, they lived along in com- 
parative comfort until there came to be some 
travel through the country, occasional adven- 
turers from the States, who were pushing west- 
wardly in search of broader and freer fields. 
He then built a small inn or tavern for the ac- 
commodation of sojourners, many of whom 
mysteriously came and as mysteriously went 

Some time after A. Baxter had built his tav- 
ern there came a man by the name of Powell, 
who opened the first store ever in the place 
and did a kind of small business, after the man- 
ner of merchants at the outposts of civilization, 
where came the few settlers to lay out their 
meager savings in the purchase of such things 
as answered the wants of their unpretentious 
lives, and to hear the news which the country 
store-keeper was supposed to be able to give 
out. Some time after Powell came, Jefferson 

Davis and a man by the name of Armstrong 
lighted upon claims and built rude shanties, 
their claims being on lands upon which a part 
of the town was afterward built. Years after- 
ward, when the county had been organized, 
and courts had been established, Davis was the 
defendant in a criminal action, the first case, 
of any kind, that was tried in the District Court 
of Cherokee County. The trial came on at the 
first day of the only term of court held at Pleas- 
ant View, then the county seat ; and it was the 
only case tried at that term, which began on 
Monday, May 6, 1867, and lasted three days. 
It is said that Davis was charged with commit- 
ting a felony, and that he was convicted. 


Baxter Springs was incorporated in 1869, 
as a city of the second class ; and at that time 
it was, by far, the most important place in the 
county, for it had long possessed advantages 
which easily gave it that distinction. L. G. Den- 
ton was the city's first mayor. Since then the 
following persons have been elected to the 
office : H. R. Crowell, Mr. Boyd, Philip Pfen- 
ning, J. M. Cooper, J. C. Naylor, J. B. Opper- 
man, \V. H. Hornor, J. J. Fribley, W. S. Nor- 
ton, C. W. Daniels and L. D. Brewster, the 
last named gentleman being the present mayor. 
The people have always chosen their best busi- 
ness men to hold the office of mayor ; and they 
have been equally careful in selecting the mem- 
bers of the City Council. Despite the fact that 
in the early days, when speculative ideas were 
large, and the future was believed to have noth- 
ing in store but the continuation of the good 
conditions which then prevailed, the city govern- 
ment laid out courses which often ran into dis- 
aster and brought on the sorest of hardships; 



but through it all the people have done what 
they could, and their work has not been in vain. 


On October 6, 1863, when the spirit of civil 
war was abroad in the land ; when the fires of 
sectional strife had been fanned into a devour- 
ing flame, an event took place at Baxter Springs 
without the chronicling of which the history of 
the city would most certainly be incomplete. 
Reference is had to what has since been known 
as the "Baxter Springs Massacre." Had a 
great conflagration swept the city at a time 
when it was at the height of its early glory, or 
had a dire pestilence stealthily crept into the 
habitations of the people and carried them away, 
such an event could not be compared in its im- 
pression with the ineffaceable mark of this 

Perhaps a better account of the massacre 
cannot now be given than that written by Dr. 
W. H. Warner, of Girard, Kansas, who was 
among the garrison in the little fort at Baxter 
Springs at the time. I here quote, substanti- 
ally, what he says of the dark, bloody affair : 

"Our garrison, up to two days previous to 
the attack, consisted of one company of the 
Second Kansas Colored Infantry, commanded 
by Lieutenant Cook, and Company D, of the 
Third Wisconsin Cavalry, commanded by 
Lieut. John Crites, who had command of the 
post, but who had been summoned to Fort 
Scott, leaving Lieut. Cook in command. On 
this day, the 4th day of October, we were rein- 
forced by Company C, Third Wisconsin Cav- 
alry, under Lieutenant Pond, who, on his arri- 
val, assumed command of the post. Three sides 
of the camp were protected with logs and earth, 
thrown up about four feet high. The west 

side had been removed the day before, for the 
purpose of enlarging the camp. On the morn- 
ing before the fight sixty picked men, with all 
the teams and wagons, were sent out to forage 
through the country, leaving a fighting force 
of twenty-five cavalry and sixty-five or seventy 
colored infantry, more than half of the white 
soldiers in the camp having been excused from 
foraging duty, at the sick call in the morning. 

"At twelve o'clock noon, the enemy having 
quietly, and. without being observed, crept 
near the camp, suddenly advanced at double- 
quick and opened fire. The cavalry and col- 
ored infantry were standing around the fire, 
while dinner was being taken up, when the en- 
emy was discovered advancing and firing rap- 
idly, from the east, south and west. Riding at 
full gallop, they passed, on the south, between 
the camp and the men at the cooking sheds, 
which were outside and about two hundred 
feet south of the camp. The colored soldiers 
and the cavalry at dinner made their way the 
best they could to the camp, the infantry seiz- 
ing their muskets and the cavalry their car- 
bines and revolvers, and all commenced a re- 
turn fire with undaunted bravery. While this 
attack was being made, the main body of the 
enemy galloped from the woods skirting Spring 
River, on the east, and formed in line sixty or 
eighty rods north of the camp, on the ridge, 
apparently with the purpose of making a charge 
upon us, in full force, simultaneously with an 
attack by the advance, which had passed 
around the camp, to the west. 

"At the first attack Lieutenant Pond had 
unlimbered the howitzer, manned it the best he 
could and had loaded it himself with twelve- 
pound shell. No one of the command knew 
anything of artillery drill, and. on this account 
the fuse was not cut. The shot fell short of 



the enemy and did no harm ; but the firing of 
the cannon gave them notice that \ye had such 
an instrument of death in our hands. Men 
never fought more willingly and courageously. 
For twenty minutes there was a ceaseless rattle 
of musketry and revolvers and the booming of 
the cannon. After the first dash the enemy, on 
the west, retreated, scattered and fought from 
shelter behind trees and from the north bank 
of the creek, and at the expiration of half an 
hour, unaccountably to us, they withdrew from 
the fight, one by one. The main body, on the 
north, countermarched back to the woods, and 
then advanced toward us again, though as if 
undecided whether to attack us or not. They 
then returned to the woods again. 

"All was now quiet, like the calm after a 
furious storm, and we had time to make a list 
of the casualities. Of the forces at the Springs, 
eight white soldiers and one colored soldier 
were killed, and about fifteen were wounded, 
including one woman, shot through the heel, 
and a little child shot through the lungs. Lieu- 
tenant Cook and a man who was with him were 
killed, they being out in the woods practicing 
with their revolvers at the time. The husband 
of the wounded woman and the father of the 
wounded woman and the father of the wound- 
ed child, were shot, in cold blood, the latter by 
a cousin and former schoolmate. About six 
other married men were killed. A teamster, 
seeing an old acquaintance among the advanc- 
ing enemy, tossed his revolver toward him, in 
token of his surrender, was immediately shot 
through the abdomen, by his former neighbor 
and friend, and the poor man died in thirty 
minutes. The colored man who was killed had 
seen his former master and was running to 
meet him, with joyous acclaim, as the master 
stood on the hill across the creek. His master 

shot him through the heart, and his body rolled 
down the hill into the clear water of the brook. 

"For an hour or two all was quiet, with the 
exception of our preparations for another at- 
tack, which we momentarily expected. We 
did not know who our enemy was, nor why 
he had so suddenly left us; but we fully ex- 
pected him to return. We afterward learned 
that the enemy was the notorious Ouantrell and 
his guerrillas. 

"About two or three o'clock in the after- 
noon Maj. B. S. Pfenning, of General Blunt's 
staff, rode into camp and told us of the mas- 
sacre on the prairie ; and he called on Lieuten- 
ant Pond for a volunteer guard of two or three 
men, to return with him to search for General 
Blunt, who he believed, was alive and was hid- 
ing somewhere in the vicinity of the massacre. 
The guard was furnished ; and soon after the 
Major left us a messenger, bearing a flag of 
truce, approached our camp. He brought from 
Quantrell a request for an exchange of prison- 
ers. As we had taken no prisoners, Lieuten- 
ant Pond, as an answer to the request, sent a 
proposition, that each party should uncondi- 
tionally release all the prisoners he held. Soon 
after this, out on the prairie west of us. we 
heard quick, successive reports of firearms; 
and it is probable that the prisoners taken by 
Quantrell were then being shot. 

"Soon after this, Ouantrell, at the head of 
his entire force of about three hundred men, 
approached our camp, as we had anticipated, 
formed in line of battle and halted on the south 
bank of the creek, where Baxter Springs now 
stands, about eighty rods southwest of our 
camp. Our men all quietly awaited his charge, 
prepared and determined to give him a warm 
reception. The gap on the west side of our 
camp had been closed, by placing sutler wag- 

1 56 


ons, poles, rails, ropes and everything else that 
could be used, and it would have been difficult 
for cavalry to make a successful charge upon 
us from that direction, especially as our howit- 
zer was mounted conspicuously in the front 
and was happily manned by skilled men who 
knew artillery practice. Knowing our enemy, 
all of us, white men and black men, were deter- 
mined to sell our lives as dearly as possible, and 
to die rather than to surrender, for to surrender 
would have been certain death, any way. We 
remained thus for thirty minutes ; it might have 
been longer, when he suddenly wheeled and 
left us, marching southwardly, and, to our 
great relief, we saw him no more. 

"About sundown Major Henning returned 
to our camp, accompanied by General Blunt. 
After dark the few wounded men from the 
prairie came into our camp, one by one. Most of 
them were so disfigured that they could scarce- 
ly be identified. All of them had been left on 
the praire as dead. Jack Arnold came in with 
five or six wounds in the face, which could not 
be recognized as belonging to a human being. 
Others had received from five to eight wounds 
in different parts of their bodies; but most of 
the wounds were in the face and head. Those 
who had escaped being killed did so by feigning 
to be dead. Even with their wounds, which put 
them in great pain and suffering, they were 
rejoiced to find us still alive and in possession 
of the little fort. It had been generally be- 
lieved, after the battle with General Blunt's 
command, that our garrison had been captured 
in the morning, as Quantrell, when first seen 
by them, was coming from the direction of the 
camp. Quantrell's men were dressed in the 
Federal uniform, and on this account, when 
seen by General Blunt's command, they were 
taken to be friends, coming to escort the Gen- 

eral and his bodyguard into the fort. General 
Blunt had halted his command and ordered 
his headquarters band in front. The members 
of the band had arranged themselves in posi- 
tion and had their music in readiness for play- 
ing a welcome to their supposed friends. Gen- 
eral Blunt and his staff were in an ambulance, 
their horses being led by orderlies. All were 
joyous, in anticipation of an immediate march 
into our camp, a hearty dinner and a good 
night's rest among friends. At this moment 
Quantrell gave the order for a charge upon 
General Blunt's command. This was instantly 
obeyed, and the charge came with terrific force, 
each of Quantrell's men having a revolver in 
each hand, firing and yelling like demons, 
which they were. General Blunt's little com- 
mand was in the worst possible condition suc- 
cessfully to resist the onslaught. No concerted 
action could be had. Each must fight or flee 
for himself, so complete was the surprise and 
overwhelming the charge. General Blunt gave 
no command ; for a command would have been 
of no avail. As their foe his soldiers soon 
learned that it was Quantrell, who, six weeks 
before, had sacked and burned Lawrence, and 
had there murdered two hundred men, in cold 
blood. For General Blunt's men, or for most 
of them, there was no possible escape. Only 
a few got away, and these were on the fleetest 
horses. The band had a fine wagon, built for 
their especial use, and they wore elegant uni- 
forms, with side arms, fancy swords and re- 
volvers, made not for fighting but for show. 
They were not enlisted soldiers. Upon realiz- 
ing the situation, the driver wheeled his horses 
westward and undertook to escape by rapid 
driving; but in less than a mile he was over- 
taken and he and every member of the band 
were shot dead. Fire was set to the wagon 



and many of their bodies were burned so they 
could not be identified. Their bodies had been 
stripped of all valuables. 

"General Blunt and Major Curtis, his adju- 
tant, saw two openings in the enemy's ranks. 
General Blunt told Major Curtis to run through 
one of the openings, saying he would try the 
other. General Blunt escaped ; but the body 
of Major Curtis was found next day with a 
bullet through his temple. His revolver lay 
near him. 

"On the 7th of October all our available 
force was kept busy, from early light until 
darkness covered the field, searching for the 
dead and bringing them into camp. Quantrell 
had done his work thoroughly. Evidently, it 
was his intention that no man should be left 
alive. If any mercy was shown, it was that all 
but one man had been shot through the temple, 
thus causing instant death. Ninety-three men 
had been shot down, in cold blood, after surren- 
dering without firing a gun. These, with the 
eight men we lost in the battle at the fort, made 
101. Quantrell lost only two men, and these 
were killed in the battle at the fort. It is true 
history, I believe, though given otherwise by 
some, that in the battle on the prairie (if it can 
be called a battle) the Federal soldiers made no 
stand and did not fire a gun; that they ran as 
soon as they realized that they were being 
charged by an enemy, and that many of the 
men threw away their carbines to lighten their 

"General Blunt, with his command, was on 
his way from Fort Scott to Fort Gibson, where 
a department had been established for him. He 
was marching through the country without ex- 
ercising the precaution of keeping out an ad- 
vance guard, though it was a time when num- 
erous marauding bands were going here and 
there, and when there was momentary liability 
of being attacked. After suffering this sad 
misfortune, he desisted from his purpose of 

going on to Fort Gibson, remained in camp at 
Baxter Springs five or six days and then re- 
turned to Fort Scott." 

It is believed that many more of General 
Blunt's soldiers were killed than those found 
on the ground where the massacre took place. 
Occasionally, for as many as 20 years after the 
event, human bones were found in the vicinity 
of Baxter Springs ; and it is believed that they 
were the bones of some of the men who broke 
through the ranks of Quantrell's soldiers and 
were pursued here and there and shot down 
wherever overtaken. On June 24, 1904, A. S. 
Dennison, who was sheriff of Cherokee County 
in the early "eighties" showed me over the 
grounds where the massacre occurred, and he 
pointed out the positions of the forces of the 
two commanders, the place where the dead were 
buried and many other things of interest in 
connection with the affair. He also told me 
that, while sheriff of the county, he found a 
number of human skulls on the prairie west of 
Baxter Springs, which he supposed were those 
of some of the unfortunate victims of the fury 
and bloody work of the men under Quantrell. 


Earlv in the year 1903 lead and zinc were 
discovered, in paying quantities, just south of 
Baxter Springs, and since then a number of 
mines have been opened. Extensive opera- 
tions are now going on. Prospecting has been 
extended well into the Indian Territory, but 
not so far away but that the work is yet within 
the Baxter Springs district, which gives prom- 
ise of becoming one of the best districts in all 
the lead and zinc region. 


Elsewhere mention is largely made of the 



dams which are being built on Spring River 
for the purpose of generating electric power. 
Baxter Springs, the center of which is only 
two and a half miles, on a direct line, from the 
dam at Lowell, will be supplied with electric 
power, for all purposes. The electric railroad 
is to be extended from Galena, by the way of 
Lowell, to Baxter Springs, and it is expected 
that it will go out to the mines south of the city, 
There is no doubt that the city and the imme- 
diately surrounding country will become a 
thickly settled, very busy manufacturing dis- 
trict in the near future. 


The following are the names of some of the 

people of Baxter Springs who have remained 
at their posts and have built comfortable, ele- 
gant homes: John M. Cooper, J. J. Fribley, C. 
W. Daniels, J. C. Haskett, S. O. Noble, C. F. 
Noble. T. J. Morrow, R. H. Sands, L. M. Per- 
kins,]. C. Plumb. F. M. Perkins, W.T.Hartley, 
James Hartley, Mrs. A.S.Hornor, C. A. Childs, 
Charles L. Smith, Mrs. Emma Gregg, A. L. 
Kane, Julius Bischofsberger, William F.Shailer, 
W. F. Douthat, Mrs. Carrie DeWitt. Willard 
Shultz, R. J. Hiner, A. Willard, Ed Corey, 
L. R. Francis, George Haines, Samuel H. 
Smith, T. Connor, J. B. Opperman, R. Milne, 
M. H. Eastham, A. D. C. Harvey, R. C. Wear, 
R. C. Rummel, Capt. J. S. Price, Burton 
Smith, T. C. Weaver, T. E. Meads and A. C. 




The history of a city is the narration of i he 
events connected with its founding, the progre « 
which it has made and the part it takes in the 
promotion of civilization. The primary motive 
which leads to all these is that which impels a 
community to seek higher and better social con- 
ditions ; to gather about them the comforts of 
life, establish fixed homes and so to adjust 
themselves to their environments, mentally and 
morally, as to give strength and permanency 
to the tacitly accepted compact which binds 
them into a municipality. The history of 
Galena, if written fully and correctly, would 
embody the acts of many men of rugged char- 
acters and strong, unyielding purposes, in the 
pursuit of which the qualities of courage and 
constant determination have been prominent. 
The environment has every characteristic ele- 
ment for the development of such qualities ; but 
if an individual, not possessing such qualities, has 
cast his lot in the community, and has essayed 
to lead a part in the direction of its affairs, his 
sojourn has been short, or if he has remained 
and grappled with the exacting conditions, un- 
der the shifting fortunes of the community, fail- 
ure has marked his course and he has quietly 
withdrawn from the fray of the strenuous life 
required of those who would succeed. Galena 
affords many examples of "the survival of the 

fittest;" but if the history of every undertaking 
within the limits of its industrial operations 
were given in detail, there would be the record 
of many a one who came with the courage 
which hope inspires, but after a time quietly 
went away unobserved, leaving but a mere trace 
of the part which he took in the affairs of the 
community. Human nature is inclined to the 
liking of positives, and it has also the disposi- 
tion to point to instances of successful achieve- 
ment and almost a fondness for forgetting those 
who have failed and disappeared. 

The name "Galena" would never attach 
to the place and community now bearing it, 
were it not for the fact that it designates the 
physical quality which makes it the greatest lead 
and zinc mining region in the world. It has no 
other natural resource that could possibly make 
it desirable as the habitation of an intelligent, 
earnest, prosperous people. Situate in a region 
of rocky hills and gravel-filled valleys, it had, 
in its primitive state, no attractiveness save to 
such as were moderate in their purposes, unpre- 
tentious in their manners and satisfied with a 
scant, uncertan livelihood. It had to be turned 
upsicle-down before its apparently inexhausti- 
ble stores of natural wealth could be revealed. 
It has been literally torn to pieces ; and even 
now the earth-markings of the region are such 
that, if left to the moderate, slow-working pro- 
cesses of time, they would remain distinct for 



thousands of years, long after its resources 
have been exhausted and the people who are 
now making its history have been forgotten. 

The stories of the discovery of lead and 
zinc on the land which became the site of the 
city of Galena differ in the narratives told by 
different people. The concrete of these narra- 
tives is such as embodies the history of the 
whole. Viewed from the stand-point of any 
one particular person who was early "on the 
ground," and who has noted the shifting for- 
tunes of the community, the aspect is always in- 
teresting to those who have come later and 
listened to the story. It is not intended here to 
give more than a general outline of the be- 
ginning and the progress of that which has 
been done; for to tell it all would be to fill a 
volume of greater size than those read by the 
people of this age of hurry and intense, business 

Galena is "The City Which Jack Built." 
It is situate in Lowell township, in the south- 
east corner of Cherokee County, four miles 
north of the south line of the State of Kansas, 
and immediately west of the line separating 
the states of Kansas and Missouri. It is 
one and a half miles north of Shoal 
Creek and two miles east of Spring River. 
Short Creek separates Galena from Empire 
City, on the north. The site of the city is 
naturally hilly, while a general slope toward the 
northwest. It is on the Fort Scott and Joplin 
branch of the St. Louis & San Francisco Rail- 
way system, and on the Parsons and Joplin 
branch of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Rail- 
way ; and it is at present the western terminus 
of the Southwest Missouri Electric Railway, 
which has its eastern terminus at Carthage, 
Missouri, 32 miles away. 

Up to the year 1S76 it was not generally 
believed that the land of the present site of 
Galena was ore-bearing ground. An occasional 
"shine" had been found, when a tuft of shy 

grass was sometimes pulled up, or when an un- 
fortunate black-jack had been fondled by a 
"Kansas Breeze" and gently torn out by the 
roots ; but these had not excited any particular 
activity, and there had been no marked inrush 
of feverish prospectors. In fact, it was not un- 
til the early spring of 1877 that any well defined 
movement was made toward determining 
whether "good stuff" might be found. Egidius 
Moll, a German, owned 160 acres of land, now 
in the center of the town site of Galena. The 
land, for farming purposes, was worth about $3 
an acre, if worth anything at all. It was the 
south-east quarter of section 14, township 34. 
range 25. Moll sat lightly upon the land, for 
he considered it of very light value. Even after 
lead and zinc had been discovered in largely 
paying quantities, he sold 40 acres of the land 
for $700. Much of the same land, in the matter 
of royalties paid on the ore taken out and sold, 
has yielded a thousand dollars an acre, and this 
without going down to what is now known as 
"deep ore." 

On a Sunday afternoon in the spring of 
1877 some young men, by the names of Moll, 
Evans, Fry and Moorland, chanced to get to- 
gether and decided to go swimming in a "hole" 
at the north end of the Moll land. In arranging 
a spring-board it was necessary to fix one end 
in the bank of the creek, and in doing this they 
pulled out some looser stones, finding some of 
them very heavy. UJpon examining them they 
proved to be boulders of lead. They took these 
up to the Moll home and showed them to the 
owner of the land. The "find" was quickly 
reported, and in a few days some Joplin mine 
owners came over. Negotiations followed, under 
which Moll sold the 40 acres, as I have told in 
the preceding paragraph, to "Billy" Barnes, 
"Jake" Massmer and Joseph Hoy, it being 
the northwest quarter of Moll's quarter section, 
which is now known as the "Hoy Forty." Moll 
gave them a guarantee that, if they did not 



take out and sell $700 worth of ore within one 
year, he would buy the land back at the same 
consideration. He did not have a chance to buy 
it back. It is perhaps not wide of the truth to 
say that the 40 acres have yielded $2,000,000 
worth of ore, and it is not yet entirely ex- 
hausted. No deep mining has been done on it. 

Many other rich deposits of ore were dis- 
covered that spring and summer, and as early 
as June 19, 1877, the place was incorporated 
as a city of the third class. May 11, 1888, it 
was made a city of the second class. The fol- 
lowing have been mayors in the order in 
which their names are given : George W. 
Webb, A. M. McPherson, G. W. Dansenburg, 
C. O. Stockslager, E. D. Vandergrift, John G. 
Schmereir, B. S. Moore, A. M. Thomas, Mor- 
gan Rush, L. K. Moeller, John Page, Val Rich- 
ards, William Smith. J. P. McCann, O. E. Al- 
len and Charles L. Sawyer, who is the present 

At the time of the discovery of lead and 
zinc, Galena had no railroad. It was about the 
year 1879 that the Kansas City, Fort Scott & 
Gulf Railroad was extended to Galena, from 
Baxter Springs. The St. Louis & San Fran- 
cisco Railroad, some time afterward, was ex- 
tended to Gelena from Joplin, thus giving the 
place the advantage of two roads, both of which 
were, in 1901, consolidated, and they are now 
owned and operated by the last named com- 
pany. In the summer of 1902 the Parsons and 
Joplin branch of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas 
Railway was built through Galena. The elec- 
tric road was extended to Galena, from Joplin, 
the distance of seven miles, about the year 1896. 
It is expectd that this road will be continued 
on to Baxter Springs during the coming year. 
These roads have had an immense freight traffic 
here : and the prospect is that it will be vastly 
increased as more extensive and deeper min- 
ing operations shall be carried on. The electric 
road has done, and is now doing, a very profita- 

ble business in the transportation of passengers, 
and the demand is for improved facilities in this 

Time would fail one in an attempt to tell 
of all the old settlers at Galena ; for while many 
of them remain to this day, and are well-to-do 
citizens of the place, some have died and others 
have moved away. The population has been 
largely an unstable population, as is always the 
case in towns and cities which grow up and 
flourish through the shifting fortune of mining 
operations. Of the people who have come to 
Galena with the purpose of making it their 
home, not more than one out of twenty has re- 
mained, if all classes are included. Many have 
come, being led chiefly by the spirit of adven- 
ture common among many classes who drift 
westwardly in search of favorable turns in their 
more or less weak-purposed lives; and when 
fortune has refused to smile upon their ill- 
directed efforts, they have sought other regions, 
with the like purposes which led them hither, 
and others have come to take their places for a 
while. But through the siftings of population, 
the city has gradually built up a comparatively 
large number of permanent residents, most of 
whom have made their money here and have 
built comfortable, and in many instances fine, 
well-appointed, homes and are quietly follow- 
ing the ways which have led them along in their 
prosperous lives. Of those who have suc- 
ceded at all, and have laid by a part of the 
profits from the various lines of business in 
which they have been engaged, there is a 
larger proportion of well-to-do people than are 
usually found in other cities of its size. Galena 
has been good to those who have been indus- 
trious, economical and willing to endure hard- 
ships and waiting. 

From a brief history of Cherokee County, 
published 21 years ago, in connection with the 
history of other counties in the State, the follow- 
ing are given as the names of some of the citi- 

1 62 


zens of Galena, at that time: H. Andrews, of 
the firm of Aldrich. Fuller & Andrews, propri- 
etors of the Excelsior Crushing & Separating 
Works; Capt. A. Arnold, superintendent of the 
Maggie Taylor Mining & Smelting Company; 
Ludwig Baum, dealer in dry goods; F. S. 
Boice, of the firm of Boice & Fallis, miners and 
crushers ; J. H. Brown, of the firm of Brown 
& McMillen, mine operators; Dr. W. H. D. 
Brown; William H. Chew, superintendent of 
the Short Creek Lead & Zinc Company : 
John F. Cody, superintendent of The Cody 
Crushing Company ; Spencer Cooper, pro- 
prietor of The Cooper Mining & Crushing 
Works ; George W. Dansenburg. grocer ; A. F. 
Davidson, superintendent of the Cornwall Min- 
ing & Smelting Company; H. S. Davis; Samuel 
Gates, of the firm of Gates & Lewis, mine oper- 
ators ; E. F. Guthrie, mine operator in the Stan- 
ley "diggings;" Daniel W. Hainer. druggist ;G. 
W. Harper, superintendent of the Sawyer lease; 
J. E. Leeper. mine operator ; John Lewis, super- 
intendent of the Galena Lead & Zinc Company ; 
Wesley Lewis, of the firm of Gates & Lewis; 
Z. H. Lowdermilk, grocer; A. M. McPherson, 
superintendent and operator in the Galena Zinc 
Company; J. B. Martin, credit man of the 
Cheney Crushing & Separating Works : John 
G. Miller, civil engineer and surveyor; S. N. 
Montgomery and B. S. Moore, grocers; George 
E. Moran, superintendent of the Tousley tract; 
John C. Murdock, hardware merchant; E. St. 
George Noble, capitalist ; John Page, superin- 
tendent of the Illinois Lead & Zinc Company ; 
E. N. Perry, mine operator in the Stanley "dig- 
gings:" George PI. Redell. mine operator; Val. 
Richards, of the firm of Milligan & Richards ; 
Moses Robeson, of the firm of Williams & 
Robeson, lumber dealers ; Charles O. Stock- 
slager, attorney-at-law ; Harry Tamblyn, secre- 
tary of the Cornwall Mining Company; R. A. 
Teeter, superintendent of the Teeter Crushing 
Company, on the Maggie Taylor tract ; Robert 

A. Vaughn, mine operator ; William O. Wiley, 
grocer: W. \Y. Williamson, mine operator; and 
J. B. Yeager. of the firm of Yeager, Brown & 
McMillen, mine operators. Many of these do 
not appear in the list of business men of Galena 
of today. A few of them are yet engaged in 
business here, and they are so fixed to Galena 
that they have no desire to reside elsewhere. 
Fortune has kindly favored them, and they 
show their appreciation by remaining in the 
community where their industry and good 
management have been duly rewarded. But 
this can not be said of many who came, made 
small fortunes and then went away to invest 
their savings elsewhere. 

Of the mining companies and mine opera- 
tors at Galena at the time of the writing of this 
chapter, the following list, taken from the 
Galena Times of July 28, 1904, is gi\ en, though 
it must not be taken as a full, com] 'ete list of 
all the companies and individuals engaged in 
the business. Cooley & Robeson, Murphy, 
Friel & Company, Hoosier Mining Company, 
Palmetto Mining Company, Battlefield Mining 
Company, Owl Mining Company, Southside 
Mining & Milling Company, Merger Mining 
Company, Index Mining Company, James 
Murphy, Clara & Shultz, John Page. Galena 
Lead & Zinc Company, F. Rohrbaugh, Palmer 
& Company, Wyandotte Mining Compai y, 
Maggie Taylor Mining & Smelting Company. 
New York Zinc Company, H. H. Beckwith. T. 
S. Hayton, Hacker Zinc & Lead Company. E. 

B. Schermerhorn, W. W. P. Clement, McNeal 
Mining & Milling Company, Pittsburg Lead 
& Zinc Company, Clara Louise Mining & Mill- 
ing Company, Deborah Mining Company. G. 

C. Monlux. J. M. Pollard Mining Company. 
California-Buckeye Mining Company, and 
N< irthcut Brothers. 

Galena has had few postmasters. The fol- 
lowing is the list, in the order in which they 
served : L. C. Weldv, who is said to have held 



the office about 12 years, Mrs. N. O. Wiley. A. 
M. McPherson, H. A. Bender, then A. M. Mc- 
Pherson again, and then William Smith, the 
incumbent at this time. The office is second- 
class, and mail is delivered throughout the city 
by carriers. There is but one rural route from 
the office. 

The following are some of the denomina- 
tions having church houses in the city of Ga- 
lena : The Methodist Episcopal, which has a 
membership of 400, and of which Frank W. 
Otto is the pastor; the Presbyterian, which has 
a membership of 150 with Robert Liddell as 
pastor ; the Baptist, membership not given, with 
Elder Moore as pastor ; the Christian Church, 
membership and name of pastor not given ; the 
Protestant Episcopal Church, membership and 
name of pastor not given. 

The Galena Telephone Company was the 
first to move in the matter of establishing a 
system of telephones throughout Cherokee 
Count}'. Williams & Robeson are the owners 
of the system, which reaches every village, town 
and city in the county, and which has connec- 
tion, by long-distance lines, with the principal 
cities throughout the Middle-Western States. 

One of the most important establishments 
in Galena is the plant of the Galena Light & 
Power Company, of which E. St. George Noble 
is the president. The company has the finest 
machinery, including a 400-horsepower engine, 
and another of 200-horsepower. The plant is 
said to be one of the very best in the State of 

The Galena Ice Works plant is another en- 
terprise which reflects credit upon those who 
have brought it up to its present status. It has 
a capacity of 50 tons a day, and it is in opera- 
tion nine months in the year. Besides supply- 
ing the local demand, which is heavy, the com- 
pany ships ice to many of the neighboring 
towns and cities. The water of which the ice is 
made is absolutely pure ; made so through a 

process of filtration and distillation, before it 
enters the tanks where it is congealed. 

Galena has a large number of the most en- 
ergetic business men that can be found any- 
where. It is due to their good judgment, per- 
severance and public spirited care for the in- 
terests of the city, that it has grown to be the 
leading business center in the county. The best 
business men have been called to the direction 
of public affairs, and, almost without exception, 
they have done their duties well and faithfully. 
In 1901 the Legislature made Cherokee County 
constitute the Eleventh Judicial District of the 
State of Kansas, giving Galena, annually, three 
out of the seven terms of court held in the coun- 
ty. The city, without any expense to the 
county, provided a fine Court House, on the 
principal street of the city, one of the most sub- 
stantial and best furnished buildings in the city. 
This achievement was the result of a united 
well directed effort on the part of the business 
men of the place. 

The public schools of Galena are of a high 
class, and they are the pride of the city. In 
addition to the four houses heretofore provided, 
a City High School is now being erected, one 
which would do credit to any city. The School 
Board always employs the very best of teach- 
ers and superintendents, and it makes every 
other provision for the full effectiveness of the 
educational facilities placed at their hands. 

Among the many who have become wealthy 
or well-to-do at Galena, and have built them- 
selves comfortable, well-appointed homes are : 
Val Richards, George Brown, E. B. Schermer- 
horn. William F. Sapp, W. B. Stone. J. C. 
Murdock, M. Pickett. Riley F. Robertson. Dr. 
J. P. Scoles, C. C. Moore. Lou Winter, M. 
Robeson, B. Cooley, B. S. Moore. John Mur- 
dock, J. Shoman, A. M. McPherson, Mrs. Ed. 
Stice, John O'Riley, H. A. Bender, Morgan 
Rush, George W. Wheatley, George Kains, 
John Jarrett, John McCullough, B. S. Moore, 

1 64 


George Immel. Harry Stough.T. J. Vest, E.W. 
McNeal, George Dansenburg. William Aach, 
William Smith, Peter Dansenburg, L. K. Moel- 
ler. J. C. Moore. George Puckett, John Chap- 
man, Mr. Lanier, the Hunter sisters, S. C. 
Westcott, Albert Smith. Mrs. Abbott, Worth 
Allen. C. L. Sawyer and J. W. Tate. 

Galena has many fine business buildings, 
which are an exponent of the thrift and public 
spiritedness of some of the people. Among 
these it is proper to mention those who have 
taken the lead in matters of the kind and have 
always worked for the interest of the city, as 
well as for themselves. J. Shoman. C. C. 
Moore, William F. Sapp. B. S. Moore. J. C. 
Murdock, Edward E. Sapp, J. C. Moore and 
Williams & Robeson are justly entitled to 
credit for the untiring energy with which they 
have worked for the upbuilding of the city; 
but this list does not include all that have 
helped to push things along. 


Empire City is situate in the southeastern 
part of Cherokee County, six miles north of the 
Indian Territory and Kansas line, and one and 
a half miles west of the Missouri and Kansas 
line. It is in the midst of a very hilly, stony 
district, on the north side of Short Creek. The 
selection of such a site for the building of a town 
or city could never be accounted for only for 
the reason that beneath the surface of the rough 
and almost impenetrable hills there lay the rich- 
est deposits of lead and zinc. There is so little 
soil on the surface of the ground that the peo- 
ple, except in a few places, do not attempt the 
growing of any kind of vegetation. In its 
native condition, before any "instrument of 
torture" was applied to disturb its restful re- 
pose, it was shabbily mantled with an adven- 

turous grass, except where frequent stony 
points persisted in remaining bare; and here 
and there were the hardy black-jack and post- 
oak, whose perseverance in the struggle even 
for an unpretentious life was worthy of better 
things. The tenure of such a region could 
scarcely be sought by one of human kind other 
than one in search for an ideal spot where he 
might live apart from the rest of the race. 
Here were the cool spring, the rippling brook, 
the high, rugged hills and the narrow, shut-in 
valleys, all making the fittest environment for 
a hermit's home. But it was not thus to re- 
main. The restless, wandering forerunners of 
civilization were on their way ; and near by 
there was already a dim, tortuous path that told 
of an occasional traveler who passed through 
the quiet stillness of the place, in search for 
better things beyond. An awakening was soon 
to come. 

The land on which the original plat of Em- 
pire City was laid out was a part of the farm 
of a man by the name of Nichols, who owned 
1 20 acres. The whole tract was bought by the 
West Joplin Zinc Company, for the sum of 
$7,000. This price, which was fabulous in 
those days, was indicative of the high value 
placed upon it on account of the riches which 
lay beneath the surface of the ungainly land- 
scape, for a discovery had been made and ex- 
citement was running high. There was a fever- 
ish desire to come into the ownership of land in 
that particular place. 

Since beginning the writing of this volume. 
I have received a letter from Charles E. Top- 
ping, of Empire City, setting out an interesting 
account of the discovery of lead and zinc in the 
bed of Short Creek, just south of the site on 
which the town was afterwards built. The 
letter bears so much upon the early, interesting 
events which took place there, following the 
discovery, that I give it in full : 

Residence of George F. Braun 

Residence of Mrs. W. E. Stice 

Residence of J. C. Moore 

Residence of Val. Richards Residence of Riley F. Robertson 




Empire City, Kansas, June 26, 1904. 
Mr. N. T. Allison: 

Seeing your request, in the Modern Light, for 
citizens to aid you in making a history of Cherokee 
County, and having been a settler here in the first 
years of the discovery of lead, I thought perhaps I 
might aid you some. 

1 came here in June, 1877. The discovery of lead 
was made in April, of that year. As I was after- 
wards a partner with John McAllen. one of the men 
who discovered the lead, 1 had it from his own 
lips just how the discovery was made. 

There was a dim, old road which used to run 
down what is now Cooper hollow, and it went on 
west past where the Frisco depot now stands, in 
Galena; and from that point it went in a north- 
westerly direction to the Ryan ford on Spring 
River, where the Ryan bridge now stands. The 
part of this road running west from where the 
Frisco depot now stands, to a junction with what 
.was afterwards called Columbus street in Empire 
City, later became known, in the exciting times of 
the two cities, as "Redhot street;" and it was red- 
hot, sure enough. Columbus street, in Empire City, 
was the northern continuation of it. It was in 
April, 1877, that John Shoe and John McAllen were 
traveling westward on that road, on their way out 
of Joplin, whence they had been driven as vagrants. 
They were on their way to the home of John Shoe's 
mother, who lived on Spring River, near the Ryan 
ford. Where this road crossed Short Creek, just 
below where the "Katy" railroad bridge now stands, 
there was a deep hole washed out in the creek, 
caused by the creek's butting up against a square 
bluff, and then turning to the west. Shoe and Mc- 
Allen arrived at this point in their journey, tired 
and dusty, from their eight-mile walk from Joplin: 
and they stopped and went in bathing. They were 
exxpert divers, as well as swimmers. They bantered 
each other as to which could bring up the heaviest 
stone from the bottom of the stream. Finally, one 
of them brought up a '"rock" which seemed unusu- 
ally heavy; and when they examined it they found 
it to be a chunk of lead. This set them to thinking, 
and they concluded that Short Creek once ran in a 
straight line across the promontory above this point 
of rocks, and that this lead had been brought by the 
water from somewhere to the eastward. They went 
to the house of one of the Nichols brothers, who 
then owned the land and lived in a log cabin near 
where the "Katy" depot now stands, and told them 
they thought they could find lead on his land, and 
that if he would furnish them a pick and shovel to 
dig with they would sink a shaft and give him half 
they could get out of it. To this, Mr. Nichols 

agreed, and he also agreed to board them while 
sinking it. They went to work and sank a shaft 
about the middle of the promontory, and this shaft 
was afterwards known as the "Discovery Shaft." 
It was but a short time before they had lead ore in 

The news of the discovery soon reached Joplin, 
and many men came over to look at it. Money was 
offered the discoverers, and they sold out. How 
much they got I do not know; but McAllen had only 
about $75 of his part left when I last saw him. A 
company was formed, called "The West Joplin Min- 
ing Company." The company bought out both the 
Nichols brothers, the owners of the land, and laid 
it out in mining lots; and they laid off the town 
of Empire, on the north of it. Galena was laid off, 
south of the Nichols land. 

For nearly a year after this lead discovery, all 
the lead that was found was found on the company's 
land; and this company got "foxy," and thought 
they had "the whole cheese." A part of Redhot 
street was in Empire and a part in Galena. On the 
east end of the street, or the part which lay in 
Galena, a number of men located and did a good 
business in buying "scrap" or "neutral" lead. They 
paid more than the company did; and some of the 
men working for the company would forget to turn 
in their output until after dark. Then their mineral 
boxes would be broken open and robbed. It was 
to stop this, that the idea occurred to the company 
to build a stockade fence between the two towns. 
This was built of timber about the size of fence 
posts, set in a deep ditch, and it was made high 
enough and- strong enough to turn anything, from 
a man to a mule; and it was long enough almost to 
shut out Galena from the outside world, on the 
north and west sides. Nearly everybody in both 
towns, except the West Joplin Mining Company, 
was opposed to the building of this stockade. Early 
one morning in the fall of 1877 there was a great 
moise in the direction of Redhot street; and when 
the people looked that way they saw a big fire. The 
stockade had been chopped down, saturated with 
coal oil and was being burned; and there was plenty 
of another liquid, which was being carried in 
buckets and delivered to the men who were engaged 
in the work. The mining company had guards to 
protect the stockade; but they were conspicuous by 
their absence, about that time. Only one man \va* 
hurt; he was one of the workmen who persisted in 
setting in more posts. He got a shot in the leg. 
The mob was fired with whisky; and there probably 
would have been more burning that night, had not 
cooler heads advised them to desist. The stockade 
was rebuilt, or an attempt was made to rebuild it. 

1 68 


An injunction was sued out in the court, and the 
stockade was declared unlawful. Although the mass 
of the citizens of Empire was opposed to the stock- 
ade, and many of the miners in that town assisted 
in tearing it down, many people in Galena, to this 
day, have a prejudice against Empire on account 
of the trouble which arose over it. 

Chas. E. Topping. 

Empire City was incorporated, as a city of 
the third class, in the summer of 1877, and S. 
L. Cheney was elected its first mayor. He 
served three years, when he was succeeded in 
office by G. W. Davis. Afterwards N. W. 
Barren was elected mayor, and he was suc- 
ceeded by C. L. McClung. Dr. Fletcher Mc- 
Ginnis, Hugh McKay and J. P. Walters have 
been mayors of the city ; but I have no infor- 
mation as to the order of their service. 

J. H. Hadley was commissioned the first 
postmaster of Empire City. The office has 
been held by J. Shannon, C. L. McClung, then 
Hugh McKay held it for a long time. Since 
his term Mrs. Maude Cole and L. M. Dillman 
have held it in the order of their names, and it 
is now held by J. P. Walters. 

There are two churches in Empire City. — 
the Baptist Church, of which Elder S. Johnson 
is the pastor ; and the Catholic Church, of which 
Father Austin Hull is the priest and pastor. 

The city has one school building, a superin- 
tendent and five teachers. Mr. Shank has been 
elected superintendent for the school year 

The city has a fire department and company, 
and it owns a fine water works system, having 
a well 1,000 feet deep. The water from this 
well is said to be the finest water in the State 
of Kansas. It is very clear, and an analysis 
shows it to be almost absolutely pure. The 
water system is owned by the city, and an ex- 
cellent service is rendered the people. 

In former times, when the mining interests 
had set Empire City well along, and had made 
it the most important town of the county, high 

hopes were held that it would always maintain 
first rank. The population increased wonder- 
fully. Some say that it once had as many as 
5,000 people, and that among its citizens were 
some of the wealthiest men of the county. Re- 
verses have come, as they will to towns and 
cities, as well as to men. There is a kind of 
destiny which shapes the affairs of communi- 
ties and of states ; something which operates 
irrespective of the people, however strong their 
united efforts may be to turn this course to suit 
themselves. Empire City is not what it for- 
merly was. Much of its strength is gone ; and 
its streets, once the scenes of a highly profitable, 
business activity, are now much deserted .and 
almost oppressively quiet. But it is believed, 
by those who are well qualified to judge of such 
matters, that the town will regain much, and 
maybe all, of its former glory. The lead and 
zinc, from which it derived its strength, 
have not been mined out of one-tenth 
of the available ground in the immedi- 
ate neighborhood. Only a beginning has 
been made. The time is not far hence 
when deep mining will be undertaken 
there and found as profitable as it has 
been shown to be at other places. Hundreds 
of thousands of dollars' worth of ores have 
been taken from the earth there: but a vastly 
greater quantity lies there yet undisturbed, 
only awaiting renewed activity, after surface 
mining in other parts has run its course. 

Some of the older or first settlers deserve to 
be mentioned here. Among them Hugh Mc- 
Kay ought to have a prominent place. He was 
born in Scotland in 1830, and came to the 
United States when he was 17 years old. He 
settled in Empire City in 1877. He was post- 
master, police judge and justice of the peace. 
He still lives in the town ; but at the writing of 
this chapter he is in Old Mexico, on business 
relating to mining interests which he owns 
there. S. L. Cheney was one of the first set- 



tiers in Empire City, after the discovery of 
lead and zinc, and he was prominent in the af- 
fairs of the place. He was the first mayor of 
the town, and was for many years a leading- 
citizen. He now lives on a large stock farm 
which he owns, in Lyon township ; but he is 
still largely interested in mining operations in 
the eastern part of the county. William Cave 
was another prominent citizen of the town, set- 
tling there about the year 1880. N. B. Cah- 
telle, a native of Canada, came to Empire City 
in 1879, and he has been prominent in the af- 
fairs of the place ever since. Others are : Wil- 

liam A. Collins, Dr. George W. Davis. Harri- 
son McMillen, William Smith, E. Goede, Car- 
lisle Faulkner, J. L. Heasely, Samuel Finkel- 
stein, Carl L. Hinkel, R. W. Vaughan, James 
Murphy, C. L. McClung, J. H. Hadley and N. 
W. Barren. 

Some of the prominent men of Empire City 
who have more recently been identified with its 
interests, and have built good, comfortable 
homes there, are : Thomas Kennedy, James 
Murphy, Angus McKay, Neill Murphy, Hugh 
McKay, Jesse Boone, T. H. Ellis, Edward 
Lane. John T. White and Ralph Standley. 




The land on which Mineral City now stands 
was formerly owned by Leslie Patterson. He 
filed a claim on the southeast quarter of sec- 
tion 6. township 32 range 23, in 1866, being 
among the very first settlers of Cherokee 
County. His brother, Johnson Patterson, 
laid claim to the quarter section just 
south of the one above described. The 
brothers came to Kansas at the same 
time, from Mercer County, Illinois. There 
were times when they were much discouraged. 
Droughts, hot winds, floods, grasshoppers and 
chinch-bugs, with only an occasional good 
crop, were enough to drive out people of less 
courage. Even after living on his land nearly 
30 years, and after having been led to believe 
that there was a good stratum of fine coal un- 
derlying it, Johnson Patterson sold his land for 
a mere trifle, when compared with the natural 
riches which his title covered. He sold his 
quarter section to The Southwestern Develop- 
ment Company, for $4,000. The royalty on the 
coal underlying it, at seven cents a ton, would 
amount to $300 an acre, or $48,000 for the 
quarter section. 

The beginning of the movement for the de- 
velopment of the coal land in the district now 
known as the Mineral City district, and which 
led. as a result, to the building of a town or 

city, began about 10 years ago, when a branch 
of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway was 
built from Parsons, Kansas, to a point near the 
northeast corner of Johnson Patterson's farm. 
The road was built through and under the man- 
agement of The Southwestern Development 
Company, the purpose being to secure shipping 
facilities for the coal which the company de- 
signed taking out. The company had bought 
2,200 acres of coal land, and operations for the 
taking out of the coal began as soon as the road 
was finished. It was evident that something 
was going to be done, and that on a large scale. 
Workmen were employed in building houses 
for the miners on the company's land, trades- 
people established places of business and there 
was a tacit understanding that a town would be 

The plat of the original town-site of Min- 
eral City was filed April 16, 1895. The site 
contained 126 lots 25 feet by 140 feet, and 42 
lots 50 feet by 140 feet, and it was laid off in 
the southeast corner of Leslie Patterson's farm. 
Another plat, additional to the original and 
containing 66 lots, has been laid off since then, 
just west of the original plat. The growth of 
the place was at first slow, and there seemed an 
uncertainty as to whether there would ever be 
much of a town. The company which built the 
railroad, having no purpose other than the min- 
ing: of coal, was not solicitous as to the building 



up of a trading place. The company had then, 
and yet has, a store of its own, from which the 
miners may get their supplies, of all kinds. It 
was not particularly to the interest of the com- 
pany to have a town of any size spring up : but 
the tendency could not not be suppressed. At 
first there was a rivalry for first place, and 
there was a lively contention over the post 
office. The company's houses were grouped 
on a tract of land one mile east of the surveyed 
and platted town of Mineral City, and the com- 
pany, after the contention had gone on for some 
time, secured the establishment of the post 
office at the east settlement, and the Post Office 
Department gave it the name of "Mineral." 
Afterward an office was allowed at the west 
settlement, and the name "West Mineral" was 
given it. The company has never platted any 
of its land into lots for sale. Those who make 
up the inhabitants of the east settlement live on 
the company's land. This condition has made 
it favorable for the building up of the west set- 
tlement, as the people there may buy lots and 
build permanent homes and enjoy their owner- 
ship. Nearly every lot in the original plat is 
occupied, either by homes or by business 
houses. Besides this there are many houses in 
the first addition and a number in a second ad- 
dition, which has been lately surveyed. The 
second addition is just north of the original 
plat. It will be occupied exclusively by resi- 
dences, some of the best in the town being in 
course of construction at this time. There is 
a confidence in the minds of the people, that 
Mineral will become more than an ordinary 
trading center for the immediate country about 
it. The business which the extensive opera- 
tions now going on have already brought about, 
with the belief that these operations will be 
vastly enlarged, as the demand for fuel in- 
creases, inspires the hope that the place will be- 
come a city of the second class. It was organ- 
ized as a city of the third class in 1901, and 

since that time much material progress has 
been made. J. E. Wheatley was the first mayor 
of the city. He has lived in the place since the 
first settlement, and he has been earnest and 
active, with others, in directing its course along 
safe and conservative lines. N. L. Raymond is 
the present mayor. 

Mineral City is surrounded by as fine a 
farming community as can be found anywhere 
in Cherokee County. From the top of a coal 
shaft building on Leslie Patterson's land, just 
outside the city, on the north, the view is grand 
in every direction. That toward the northwest 
is particularly magnificent. A slight depression 
scarcely so low as to be called a valley, stretches 
away as far as the eye can see, while toward 
the north and toward the west there are other 
views which can scarcely be surpassed. In fact, 
look where one may, the view is beautiful al- 
most to the extent of being enchanting, and 
one's interest in the scene is deepened through 
the reflection that beneath the surface of the 
gently undulating country, which stretches 
away to the horizon in every direction, there 
lies the quiet stores of Nature's own provision, 
now just beginning to be disturbed after a rest 
of hundreds of thousands of years. This mag- 
nificent farming country, becoming the better 
as the years go on, and more reliable because 
failures come less frequently, is tributary to the 
town, and there is springing up a feeling of 
mutual dependence, as well as a spirit of co- 
operation. Mineral City is getting a large por- 
tion of the trade which formerly went else- 
where. The merchants are supplying the 
wants of the people, and there is a brisk, con- 
stant trade in the business streets of the young 
city. As a city, it is only three years old. and 
yet there are mercantile houses in every line 
required for supplying the demands of the peo- 
ple. There are two immense stocks of lumber, 
large dry goods and clothing houses, a number 
of grocery houses, besides hardware and furni- 



ture houses. It has a bank, which is doing a 
good business, and there is every indication 
that the various lines of business there will soon 
be enlarged. There is one large school house, 
with four rooms, and there are two church 
houses, and more will be built, as the social and 
religious conditions may require. At present, 
the Catholic Church, which has a house of wor- 
ship in East Mineral, and a resident priest, has, 
perhaps, the largest number of members. The 
Methodists and the United Brethren come next, 
in the order given. The Catholics have a paro- 
chial school in East Mineral. A large portion 
of the population of Mineral is made up of for- 
eign-born people, and they are noted for in- 
dustry and habits of economy. Many of them 
have gone into the lines of business usually 
found in cities of this class, — merchants in gro- 
ceries, dry goods and so forth, while others are 
carpenters, masons and workmen in the various 
pursuits of life. Many of them have built good, 
comfortable homes, and they are helping along 
in the general effort to advance the material in- 
terests of the place. 

Leslie Patterson and his family, having 
opened the way for the building of the city, 
naturally have an abiding interest in it, and 
they have never faltered in their effort to ad- 
vance it in every just and profitable way. They 
encouraged the settlement of industrious, up- 
right people; they have favored the building of 
homes, the beautifying of grounds and the 
gathering of the comforts and conveniences of 
life among the people; but in all they have 
done or suggested, they have not been disposed 
to dictate the course which others should take. 
Mr. and Mrs. Patterson are well and favorably 
known by nearly every person living in Mineral 
City. They have been strictly upright in all 
their dealings with every class, believing that 
the way to build up a community and make it 
a desirable place in which to live is to do justly 

in all things and to be oppressive and exacting 
in none. 

Among those who have made permanent 
settlements in Mineral City, and have built 
good, comfortable homes, we may mention the 
following: J. P. Davidson, M. C. Perrine, B, 
Cross, J. D. Smith, Mr. DeChamp, Henry 
Dewey. Miss Belle Huntsinger, William John- 
son, Orville Brenner, Wayne Sargent, J. V. 
McAnally, Charles Bramlet, J. S. Kenaston, 
Mrs. Rhea, Mrs. McLeod, N. M. Smith and 
Leslie Patterson. 

As indicating the importance of Mineral 
City, in a commercial way, the immense amount 
of shipping done into and from the place may 
be mentioned. The coal mining industry is the 
big thing of the place. The beginning of this 
is what gave rise to the city. It has fostered 
its growth, and it will continue as the chief 
business of the community. For about four 
months of the year, since the coal operations 
have reached the present volume of production, 
the shipment of coal is about 2,500 car-loads a 
month, or nearly 100 car-loads a day. For the 
remaining eight months of the year the ship- 
ment is about 1,800 car-loads a month. The 
merchandise shipped into the place will aggre- 
gate 360 car-loads a year. 

Mineral City, proper, has about 1.200 peo- 
ple living within its limits, and nearly every 
family owns the home in which it lives. The 
community, the building up of which has been 
brought about by the mining interest, proba- 
bly includes a population of 3,000. 


Is situate a little east of the north central part of 
Cherokee County, two miles south of the Craw- 
ford County line, and eight miles west of the 
east line of Cherokee County. The town was 



built upon land which belonged to T. M. Weir, 
and it took its name from him. Mr. Weir, who 
was born in Washington County, Pennsylva- 
nia, March 2, 1814, came to Cherokee County. 
Kansas, in 1871, and immediately entered a 
quarter section of land, upon 40 acres of which 
the original plat of Weir City was laid out. He 
began at once to open coal mines. A. J. Weir 
and H. P. Weir, two of his sons, now live in 
the city, and they have done much toward build- 
ing it up. 

Besides the Weirs, the following may be 
mentioned as among the very first settlers : P. 
E. Brady, John Sullivan, John Hoffman and G. 
D. Sams. Afterward there came William 
Hamilton, Edward Baker. Nick Smith, E. E. 
Holt, Peter Smith, Joseph Bennett and Robert 
Hogg. Among the first to open coal mines 
were Fred Blattner, the Oswego Coal Company 
and Bovard & Dixon. Then came Keith & 
Perry, and later The Kansas & Texas Coal 

When the Missouri River, Fort Scott & 
Gulf Railroad, which later became the Kansas 
City, Fort Scott & Memphis Railroad, was 
built through Cherokee County, from north to 
south, no account was taken of the rich coal 
deposits as far away from the line as the site 
where Weir City now stands, although it was 
only four miles from the track of the road. 
Bovard & Dixon first opened mines near the 
present town of Scammon. on the line of the 
road. Afterward Keith & Perry operated mines 
there, before opening mines at Weir City. Even 
as late as 1880, Weir City was a mere mining 
camp containing only about 350 people. This 
was nine years after the railroad had been built 
through the county. The progress of develop- 
ment in those days was much slower than at 
the present. At that time long, dreary years 
dragged by, and even men of means, who were 
said to possess a lively perception of advantage, 
and could see well into the future, were slow to 

seize upon opportunities which offered sure and 
largely remunerative returns. The whole State 
of Kansas was then new. It had been only a 
few years since the first coal mines had been 
opened in the State, at Leavenworth ; and these 
were worked but lightly, for the demand for 
coal was slight. The attention of the settlers 
of the State, up to as late as 1875, was directed 
almost wholly to agriculture, and to the classes 
of business which agricultural interests would 
support in the new towns which were springing 
up. It is true that the railroad companies had 
an eye to the coal fields, for they knew what the 
value of such wealth would ultimately be; but 
the people, as a rule, had not awakened to their 
importance, beyond the light demands which 
they would supply at easy effort. Such were 
the conditions in Cherokee County; and the 
conditions as they then existed held back the 
Weir City coal district from early, rapid de- 
velopment. The first settlers and the first mine 
operators did not get the best returns from their 
labor. Coal was produced at merely nominal 
prices, so low that the operators secured but a 
narrow margin of profit. But as the popula- 
tion of the eastern part of the State increased, 
and the enlargement of railroad systems went 
on, the demand for fuel was proportionately 
greater; and with the greater demand there 
came an opportunity for greater profit. In the 
chapter on mines and mining I have given the 
output of the mines of this particular district, 
along with that of the other mining sections of 
the county. 

Weir City is a city of the second class, and 
has been such for many years. The following 
have been the mayors, in the order of their serv- 
ing: J. Knox Barney. P. E. Brady, B. S. Ab- 
bott, D. W. King, H. M. Grandle, Thad Har- 
giss and W. J. Allen. The postmasters have 
been : J. Knox Barney, Jack Morgan, Wilson 
Liff. W. P. Kent. J. W. Kirk and S. W. Gould. 
The salary of the office is $1,700. There are 



two rural routes, and the office supplies a vast 
amount of mail matter through its immediate 

The first physicians in Weir City were Dr. J. 
Knox Barney, Dr. Bailey and Dr. C. W. Hoag. 
Later there were Dr. J. A. Wallace, Drs. Doan 
and Pritchard, Dr. I. E. Striker, Dr. D. W. 
King and Dr. G. B. McClelland. Dr. Hoag is 
the oldest in residence now, having lived here 
since 1881. The physicians now located in the 
city are Drs. Hoag, McClelland and J. H, Boss. 
Dr. Boss is the county coroner. 

The water works and the electric light plant 
of Weir City are owned and operated by a pri- 
vate company, and from each of them the city 
gets prompt and efficient service. A fire de- 
partment is maintained, and the streets of the 
city are well lighted. A large ice plant is also 
in successful operation which, besides supplying 
the local demand, ships large quantities to 
other towns and cities. 

Weir City, like all other Kansas communi- 
ties, takes a pride in its public schoods. There 
are three fine buildings, in different parts of the 
city, and there are 17 teachers employed. 
George B. Deem was the superintendent last 
year, and for many years preceding. R. Ran- 
kin will be superintendent for the year 1904-05. 

The Baptist, Catholic, Methodist and Pres- 
byterian churches have church organizations 
and buildings. Of these the Catholic Church 
is the strongest in number, with the Methodist 

The population of Weir City in 1880 was 
about 350. It has had a steady growth, and at 
the last census, in 1900, its population was 
3,091. The building of the Weir City branch 
of the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Memphis 
road, which leaves the main line at Scammon, 
runs through Weir City and Pittsburg and re- 
turns to the main line at Girard, gave an im- 
petus to the growth of the place and very large- 
ly increased its commercial importance. The 

city also has railroad' connections west with 
Parsons, Kansas, and on to the gas and oil 
fields west and southwest of the latter place. 

Weir City has its share of what are called 
secret orders, — Masons, Odd Fellows, Knights 
of Pythias, Sons and Daughters of Justice, 
Knights and Ladies of Security, Rebekahs, Or- 
der of the Eastern Star and the Degree of 
Honor. Black Diamond Lodge, No. 274, A. 
F. & A. M., was organized and chartered Feb- 
ruary 16, 1887. David B. White is the master ; 
Robert Hogg is the secretary. 

Among those who have built commodious 
comfortable homes in Weir City, the follow- 
ing may be mentioned : A. J. Weir, A. B 
Cockrill, David Crow, Edward Baker, William 
Hamilton, Harvey Smith, B. S. Abbott, Hor- 
ace Hayden, Rome Allen, Joseph Bennett, Dr. 
Hoag, Fred Grant and W. M. Pye. 


Is situate near the center of the west tier of 
sections in Mineral township, Cherokee 
County, Kansas, near the east edge of the coal 
fields and in the midst of a very active mining 
district. Coal mining gave rise to the town, 
and it is through this industry that it was 
finally built up to the proportions of a city of 
the second class. For farming purposes 
the lands about the place would not rank 
as first class, though many of the farmers 
who came early to the county and settled in the 
neighborhood have become well-to-do. 

The lands in the community of Scammon 
were taken as claims early in the history of 
Cherokee County. E. C. Scammon first owned 
the quarter section just north of the present site 
of the place. Samuel F. Scammon took a claim 
northwest of this, and James Coman, who came 
to the county in 1868, took the quarter section 
west of the site of the present town. The quar- 



ter section to the southeast was taken by James 
Burns. He sold it to M. J. Callahan, and Cal- 
lahan sold it to Bovard & Dixon, some time 
after coal mining was begun. The discovery of 
coal was made by James Coman. 

The first coal shaft was put down by E. A. 
Scammon, S. F. Scammon and E. C. Scam- 
mon, all of whom came early to that part of the 
county. This shaft was on E. C. Scammon's 
land, just east of the railroad track, near what 
is now known as Mackie's Junction, where the 
Weir branch of the railroad leaves the main 
line, and about one mile north of the present 
city. There was not much demand for coal 
then, and for this reason the operations were 
not large. Only a few men were employed. 
It was the first coal mining done in Kansas, 
south of the Leavenworth coal district. The 
big coal deposits of Crawford County, just 
north of Cherokee County, had not been 
touched. In that county the coal region is sev- 
eral miles east of the main line of the railroad, 
and it was practically unknown. It has since 
become the biggest mining center in the State 
of Kansas, with Cherokee County as the second 
largest in the State. The vastly increased de- 
mand for fuel, due to the enlarged railroad 
operations and to the great increase in popu- 
lation, led to the rapid and extensive develop- 
ment of the coal region in both counties, 
and to the building up of many small towns 
and a goodly number of cities which have be- 
come important local centers of trade. 

It was not until the spring of 1871 that 
the Kansas City, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad 
was finished through Cherokee County. It 
passed through the tract of land on which the 
town of Scammon was afterward built; but for 
a number of years after the road was built 
there was no town there at all. Even as late as 
1883 the land there, and all around, was in 
farms, and the people living there had no ex- 
pectation that anything beyond a mere vil- 

lage would ever be found there. At that time 
there was but one store, and that was of rude 
pretensions, kept for supplying the very lim- 
ited demand which arose out of the simple 
wants of the few people who had settled there to 
till the soil and to raise stock on the broad prai- 
ries, which extended in every direction. True, 
there were by this time three coal shafts in 
operation, and a coal company, composed of 
Keith and Mitchell, who had bought out the 
Scammon brothers, was in control of the busi- 
ness ; but no large expectations had been 
aroused, and it was not known but that, when 
the coal had been taken out of the immediate 
vicinity, operations would cease. However, 
the men who had had experience in matters of 
the kind, in the older States, and some in for- 
eign countries, and had seen the growing de- 
mand for fuel where populations were denser, 
and where industrial enterprises were carried 
on extensively, believed that this county would 
some day be the scene of large mining opera- 
tions. But they did not come for the purpose 
of building towns and cities ; they came to en- 
gage in the coal mining business, and to make 
ready for supplying a demand which they 
believed would some day become enormous. 
The results have shown that they were cor- 
rect in their foresight. 

The Scammon Town Company was incor- 
porated March 15, 1884, with E. C. Scammon 
as president of the company, and D. Mackie 
as secretary. The stock of the company was 
held as follows : Keith & Perry, 72 shares ; 
R. H. Keith, one share; John Perry, one share; 
D. Mackie, one share ; S. F. Scammon, E. C. 
Scammon and E. A. Scammon, each 25 shares. 
The village was incorporated as a city of the 
third class July 5, 1888, and the first officers 
were as follows : P. M. Humphrey, mayor ; 
L. W. Kendall, police judge; J. P. Rafter, J. 
J. Wooten, Charles Brown, J. J. Pullen and 
Tohn T. Stewart, couucilmen ; J. N. McDonald, 



clerk. The other mayors have been : R. E. 
Gardiner, R. S. Mahan, J. N. McDonald, 
George K. Mackie, J. H. Guinn, J. N. Mc- 
Donald again, Robert Gilhnore, T. B. Pryor 
and R. M. Markham. Perhaps no town or 
city in Cherokee County has been better gov- 
erned than Scammon. Its public men are wise, 
prudent and conservative, and they have not let 
a day pass without guarding the best interests 
of the place. They have encouraged home 
owning, with all its good effects upon society 
and the material upbuilding of the community. 
Lots have been sold at low prices, in order to 
bring them within the reach of the less for- 
tunate classes, and other inducements have been 
held out for aiding those who were anxious to 
get homes. For a number of years, D. Mackie, 
Jr., was the local agent for The Inter-State 
Building & Loan Association, of Bloomington, 
Illinois. Through him many persons took 
stock in the association and began the work 
of home building. After some years the com- 
pany failed, and a number of the stockholders, 
including Mr. Mackie. suffered loss; but the 
community has recovered from it, and the 
homes are now free from debt. There were 
no foreclosures. 

The first store opened in Scammon, not to 
speak of the old company store which used to 
stand near the first shaft, on the E. C. Scam- 
mon farm, was that of DuPage & Hovey, 
about the year 1885. Then Samuel Barrett put 
in a drug store, and this was followed by Peter 
Graham, who put in a grocery store. There 
was no lumber yard until 1890, when J. T. 
Small established one. Before this, about 
1 886, Griffin Brothers opened a hardware 
store, but it was destroyed by fire not long after 
it was opened. 

W. S. Norton went to Scammon about 
the year 1883 and began mining, and not many 
years thereafter he opened a store, in connec- 
tion with the mines, and did a big business. 

He was one of the most successful mine opera- 
tors ever in the district. As among the lead- 
ing men of the place, particularly among those 
connected with the coal business, D. Mackie is 
perhaps the most prominent, and he is among 
those who have done most in building up the 
social and material interests of the place. Mr. 
Mackie has been manager of the mines for The 
Central Coal & Coke Company ever since he 
came to Scammon, in 1884, his duties calling 
him wherever the company's mines are located, 
in several different States and Territories ; but 
he has been partial to Scammon, for 
here he has made his home, and here 
he has his children, all now grown, gathered 
about him. Among other persons who have 
been active and hearty in their efforts to build 
up the city, these may be mentioned : D. 
Mackie, Jr., J. N. McDonald, George K. 
Mackie, Patrick McNamara, W. B. Pixley, 
Joseph Batten, J. W. Hooper, J. R. Hisle. J. T. 
Small, Thomas Moran, James Crumrine, Rob- 
ert Gilhnore and J. J. Wooten. 

The city has a large public school building, 
one of the finest in the county ; but there is need 
for the enlargement of the school facilities, 
and another building will be erected. The city 
owns the water system put in a few years ago, 
at a cost of about $20,000 ; and the building 
of a plant for lighting purposes is now contem- 

The commercial importance of Scammon 
may be judged, in part, from the amount of 
business done at the railroad station in the 
city. The coal shipments, in quantity, amount 
to 1.750 car-loads a month, or 57.750 tons. 
Other shipments, in and out. will amount to 
600 car-loads a year. The freight receipts of 
the railroad at Scammon, it is believed, will 
amount to $30,000 a month. The express 
receipts are about $500 a month. 

The Arkansas, Missouri & Kansas Rail- 
road Company is now building a line of road 



through Cherokee County, as has heen noted in 
the chapter on railroads. This is to pass 
through Scammon. Work is going forward on 
this undertaking, and at this time (August 31, 
1904) it is expected that the road will be in 
operation by the first of next June. This will 
add much to the material interests of the city, 
as the road, it is understood, is to run from 
Memphis, Tennessee, into the grain fields of 
Kansas and Nebraska. Its crossing of the St. 
Louis & San Francisco road at Scammon will 
make the place of more than ordinary import- 
ance as a railroad center. 

The following are the names of those who 
have built good, comfortable homes in Scam- 
mon : Dr. R. M. Markham, George K. 
Mackie, Hugh Reid. D. Mackie, John Eisen- 
hart, D. Mackie, Jr., E. Kelly, William Winn, 
J. T. Small, J. N. McDonald. C. R. Keiter, Dr. 
H. H. Brookhart, T. C. Lewis, T. B. Pryor, J. 
P. Rafter. John Morton, L. J. Hisle, Thomas 
S. Keith, J. R. Hisle, W. H. Burkhart, Joseph 
Keith and Patrick Ouinn. 


Within the last eight years many little 
towns of the county have been brought into ex- 
istence and now have a place on the county 
map. In every case this has been brought 
about either by the opening of new mines or by 
the coming of a railroad. 

Cherokee township, in which Weir City 
is located, has no towns. Weir City seems to 
supply the trade which the people there de- 

Mineral township, besides the city of Scam- 
mon, has Turck, Stippville and West Weir. 

Ross township has, besides Mineral City, 
— Stone City, Roseland, Cokedale, Folsom 
and Skidmore. 

Sheridan township has Sherman City, the 
only village in the county, situate on the Par- 
sons-Joplin branch of the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas Railway. The village is in the midst of 
the best farming district of the county. 

Lola township has two towns : Hallowell 
and Sherwin Junction, both on the St. Louis 
& San Francisco Railway, and the latter being 
at the crossing of that road and the Missouri 
Pacific road. Both are places of local im- 

Salamanca township has no small towns. 
The trade interests of Columbus supply all 
the surrounding country, and there is no need 
of other centers. 

Crawford township has a part of Colum- 
bus, and it also has a little trade center at 
Quaker Valley, a small station of the Mis- 
souri, Kansas & Texas Railway. 

Shawnee township has Crestline, one of the 
oldest places in Cherokee County, and Peacock 
City, a small mining place, which also includes 
the place known as "Badger Mines." 

Pleasant View township has the town of 
Pleasant View, which was the first county seat, 
and Lawton, a little mining place recently 

Lowell township, besides Galena and Em- 
pire City, has Lowell and Varck. 

Spring Valley township, besides Baxter 
Springs, has the town of Neutral, on the St. 
Louis & San Francisco Railway, half way be- 
tween Baxter Springs and Columbus. 

Lyon township has only the small town of 
Keelville, in the west central part of the town- 

Neosho township has Faulkner, on the 
Missouri Pacific Railway, in the north-central 
part of the township, and Melrose, inland, in 
the southeast part of the township. 



List of the Ex-Union Soldiers of the County — The Ex-Union Soldiers' Inter- 
State Reunion. 

The ex-Union soldiers who have lived, and 
those who yet live, in Cherokee County have 
been, and are yet, a large factor in its popula- 
tion, as the list which I give in this chapter will 
show. It is not claimed that the list is per- 
fect ; but, as much care has been given the mat- 
ter, it will be found reliable in most respects. 
The list contains the names of many who have 
moved from the county, as well as a large num- 
ber who have died since their names were ob- 
tained. These particulars cannot now be given, 
except in instances where they are well known. 
The list will not show other than the name, the 
rank, the company and regiment in which the 
soldier served, and the postoffice address. 

list of the ex-union soldiers of the 

Agard, John G., — Priv., Co. A, 37th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Allen, James H., — Priv., Co. H, 19th Kan., U. S. 
Inf., Galena, Kan. 

Applegate, Samuel L., — Priv., Co. C, 8th Mo. 
Cav., Galena, Kan. 

Adams, Jesse, — Priv., Co. H, 5th Ky. Cav. 
Galena, Kan. 

Adams, W. A., — Priv., Co. K, 2d Ark. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Andrews, Henry, — Priv., 7th N. Y. Art., Galena, 

Ash, E., — Co. A., I22d 111. Inf., Galena, Kan. 

Aikens, John, — Ord. Serg., 29th U. S. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Ash, J. W.,— Priv., Co. C, 122th 111. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Akes, Smith,— Priv., Co. A, 4th Mo. Cav., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Austin, Horace,— Capt., Co. K, 105th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Allen, Martin L., — Priv., Co. I, 49th Mo. Inf., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Anderson, Geo. W., — Serg., Co. C, 4th U. S. 
Inf., Columbus, Kan. 

Adams, Samuel C, — Priv., Co. C, 22d Penn. 
Cav., Columbus, Kan. 

Archer, James P.,— Priv., Co. A, 6th Kan. Cav., 

Anderson, T. P.— Capt., Co. F, 64th U. S. Inf., 
Kansas City. Kan. 

Anderson, T. P.,— Priv., Co. F, 10th Mo. Inf., 
(P. O. unknown). 

Alfred, Otis,— Priv., Co. F, 9th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Allison, N. T.,— Priv., Co. G, 28th 111 Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Aldous, George, — Priv., Co. C, 56th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Aultman, E. C, — Corp.. Co. A, Benton Cadets, 
Melrose, Kan. 

Amos, W. H.,— Corp., Co. K, 58th Ind. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Allen, John,— Priv., Co. H, 72d Mo. Cav.. Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Abbott, J. H.,— Corp., Co. I, nth Ind. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Amos, Jesse T., — Priv., Co. F, 30th Ind. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Arehart, C. D.,— Priv., Co. D. 21st Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Allen, W. H.,— Corp., Co. C, 44th III. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 



Allman, James, — Priv., Co. E, 7th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Andrews, James, — Priv., Co. I, 38th Wis. Inf., 
Waco, Mo. 

Allen, Z. H.,— Priv, Co. C, 14th lnd. Inf., Hal- 
lovvell, Kan. 

Allen, A. J,— 1st Lt, Co. B, 14th la. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Amos, F. M. B,— Priv, Co. C, 10th lnd. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Allen, James, — Priv, Co. E, 6th lnd. Inf., Star 
Valley, Kan. 

Allen, Joseph, — Priv, Co. D, 48th lnd. Inf., Star 
Valley, Kan. 

Asher, Thomas, — Priv, Co. I, 16th Kan. Cav, 
Scammon, Kan. 

Asher, John, — Priv, Co. I, 16th Kan. Cav, 
Scammon, Kan. 

Anderson, T. J,— Priv, Co. E, 16th Mo. Militia, 
Waco, Mo. 

Allen, W. P,— Priv, Co. I, 91st 111. Inf., Weir, 

Allen, Ruel C.,— Priv, Co. A, 136th N. Y. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Bradshaw, H. C,— Priv, Co. H, 24th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Bender, H. A, — Serg, Co. E, 194th Penn. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Buchman, Joseph, — Priv, Co. M, 1st la. Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Barney, Jas. S, — Priv, Co. D, 9th lnd. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Brown, M. H. D,— Hos. St'd, Co. A, 8th U. S. 
Inf., Galena, Kan. 

Brandon, Thomas, — Priv, Co. H, 12th 111. Res. 
Corps. Galena, Kan. 

Belston, Joseph, — Corp, Co. G, 1st O. Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Balch, A. J, — Corp, Co. I, 92d O. Inf., Galena, 

Belford, W. W,— 1st Lt, Co. C, 2d O. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Blunk, A. J, — Priv, Co. D, 32d la. Inf., Galena, 

Burge. N. T,— Corp, Co. B, 5th Mo. Militia, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Boyer, Jacob B, — Serg, Co. E, 5th O. Cav, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Burris, James, — Priv, Co. D, 63d O. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Beck, Louis, — Priv, Co. H, 3d Mo. Inf., Galena, 

Bridges. M. S,— Priv, Co. I. 154th III. Inf., 
Lowell, Kan. 

Burwick, William, — Priv, Co. B, 21st Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Bramball, G. S,— Priv, Co. A, 103d 111. Inf., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Bingaman, Peter, — Priv, 2d Kan. Art, Galena, 

Brown, B. F,— Priv, Co. D, 87th lnd. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Brewster, S. M.,— Ord. Serg, 3d N. Y. Art, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Burns, Thomas, — 2d Lt, Co. I, 154th 111. Inf., 
Columbus. Kan. 

Botorff, Jas. T„— Priv, Co. I, 98th 111. Mt. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Berry, J. S.— Priv, Co. C, 44th lnd. Inf., Opolis, 

Bird, Richard, — Priv, Co. B, 2d Tex. Cav, Weir, 

Bennett, O. H,— Priv, Co. D, 3d Mo. Militia, 
Waco, Mo. 

Baker, William,— Ord. Serg, Co. K, 1st 111. 
Cav, Columbus, Kan. 

Bloomfield. A. A, — Lieut, Co. C, 51st lnd. Inf., 

Baxter, Joseph H, — Corp, Co. F, 146th lnd. 
Inf., Columbus, Kan. 

Barger, Alex, — Priv, Co. G, 1st O. Art, Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Brown. Elijah F, — Priv, Co. F, 5th Kan. Cav, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Bernine, Jacob D,— Priv, Co. K, 2d 111. Lt. Art, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Burchfield, C. P.— Serg, Co. I, 17th Ky. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Brophy, Michael, — Priv, Co. C, 45th Penn. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Brown, Samuel W, — Priv, Co. K, 5th Tenn. Mt. 
Inf., Weir, Kan. 

Barney, T. W,— Priv, Co. I, 45th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Burk, W. L,— Priv, Co. B, 10th Kan. Inf., 

Brooks, W. E,— Priv, Co. I, 16th la. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Brown, T. W, — Priv, Tex. Cav, Columbus, Kan. 

Bliss, D. M,— Priv, Co. D, 1st \V. Va. Art, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Benn, J. H,— Priv, Co. K, 49th Mo. Cav. (dead). 

Bell, James,— Priv, Co. E, 16th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Bray, Sion P„— 2d Lt, Co. H, 64th Mo. Cav, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Brown. N. C,— Priv, Co. K. 137th N. Y. Inf., 
Columbus. Kan. 



Bryan, S., — Priv., O. Inf., Columbus, Kan. 

Bell, J. M.,— Priv., Co. C. 16th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Burnett, Geo., — Serg., Co. B, mth U. S. Inf., 
Keelville, Kan. 

Boyer, Ralph, — Corp., Co. E, 78th Penn. Inf., 
Keelville, Kan. 

Beal, G. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 23 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Brown, Thomas, — Priv., Co. K, 12th Mich. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Beaston, J. A., — Priv., Co. C, 119th 111. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Butler, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. B. 47th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Black, Wm. C.,— Priv., Co. C, 8th Kan. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Boucher, N., — Corp., Co. E, 12th 111. Cav., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Byrant, A. J.,— Priv., Co. F, 7th Mo. Cav., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

% Betty, Robert C— Priv., Co. D, 126th 111. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Burrows, G. R.,— Priv., Co. H, 72c! O. Inf. (P. 
O. unknown). 

Beeman, A. R.,— Priv., Co. F, 22d O. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Burton, George, — Priv., Co. D, 37th 111. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Burrows, J. R., — Priv., Co. E, 61st 111. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Bailey, Geo. H.,— Priv., Co. K, 1st Mich. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Briggs, J. A.,— Priv., Co. A, 91st 111. Inf. (dead.) 

Barmore, R. M., — Corp., Co. A, 153d 111. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Bidler, F.,— Priv., Co. E, 41st 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Bratton, Jas. T., — Priv., Co. C, Kan. Militia 

Brubaker, D. B.,— Priv., Co. C, 163d O. Nat. 
Guard (P. O. unknown). 

Beach, Ira, — Priv., Co. D, 46th la. Inf., Sherwin, 

Beekman, W. J., — Bugler, Co. A, 1st la. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Barrick, Geo. M.,— 1st Lt., 6th O. S. Shoos., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Barnes, Austin, — Priv., Co. G, 45th la. Inf., 
Starvale, Kan. 

Browning, V. L., — Priv., Co. D, 3d Mo. Cav., 
Mineral, Kan. 

Beggs, Arch.,— Priv., Co. F, 80th 111. Inf., Min- 
eral, Kan. 

Bowers, James, — Priv., Co. C, 157th O. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Baker, H. L.,— Priv., Co. L, 2d 111. Art., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Bates, Uriah,— 1st Lt., Co. E, 5th Mo. Cav., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Branson, W. W.,— Priv., Co. G, 74th O. Inf., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Boyer, William, — Corp., Co. E, 9th III. Int., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Burris, Job H.,— Priv., Co. I, 14th III. Inf., 
McCune, Kan. 

Bland, William— Priv., Co. I, 154th 111. Inf., 
McCune, Kan. 

Brook, T. W.,— Priv., Co. D, 60th 111. Inf., Sher- 
man, Kan. 

Brook, Jas. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 60th 111, Inf., 
Sherman, Kan. 

Baird, W. W.— Priv., Co. K, 10th 111. Inf., Star- 
vale, Kan. 

Barker, John M.,— Priv., Co. H, 2d Mo. Art. 
Scammon, Kan. 

Baird, Giles H.,— Priv., Co. G, 2d 111. Cav., Cher- 
okee. Kan. 

Buchanan, L. A. — Priv., Co. G, 2d Mo. Cav., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Dickie, John C— Priv., Co. K, 139th Mo. Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Brundage, G. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 78th 111. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Brownfield, A. S.,— Capt, Co. F, 7th O. Cav., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Barber, W. A.,— D. Maj., Co. G, 61st 111. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Babcoke, Thos. J., — Serg., Mo. Cav., Opolis, 

Baker, Henry J., — Priv., 101st Ind. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Bartholomew, J. C, — 2d Lt., Co. K, 20th Ind. 
Inf., Columbus, Kan. 

Crane, J. J.. — Corp. Co. F, 50th Mo. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Craig, John W., — Priv., Co. K, 49th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Cobb, A. S., — Capt, Co. H, I42d Ind. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Cave, William, — Priv., Co. A, 91st 111. In., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Crocker, S. W., — Priv., Co. A, 12th Kan. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Clark, Thomas, — Serg., Co. I, 18th la. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Culp, Josiah, — Priv., Co. C, 117th O. Inf.. Ga- 
lena, Kan. 



Clift, George,— Priv., Co. L, 8th Mo. Cav., Ga- 
lena. Kan. 

Cooper, Spencer, — Corp., Co. D, 39th O. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Clifton, C. J., -Priv., Co. D, 107th 111. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Coffer, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. H, 64th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Chubb, H. W.,— Priv., Co. G, 2d Cal. Cav.. Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Carroll, H.,— Serg., Co. B, 6th O. Cav., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Cooper, Jos. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 7th 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Cordry, John, — Priv., Co. D, 7th Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Crowell, B. F., — Priv., Co. A, Mo. Cav., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Corrigan, Nathan, — Priv., Kans. Militia, Empire 
City, Kan. 

. Cooper, John M., — Corp., Co. K, 16th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Couch, W. A. — Corp., Co. A, 44th Mo. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Carlton, Jas. M., — Priv., Co. F, 2d Ky. Inf., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Clinebell, W. L.,— Priv., Co. C, 14th Mo. Cav., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Cole, James, — Priv., Co. C, 25th Wis. Inf., Em- 
pire City, Kan. 

Conn, Wm. C.,— Priv., Co. D, 144th O. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Coffern, J. F„— Corp., Co. C, 2d Kan. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Craig, Sam'l., — Priv., Co. F, 2d la. Cav., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Cookston, Thos. S.,— Priv., Co. F, I32d O. N. G . 
Columbus, Kan. 

Coleman, H. T., — Priv., Co. H, 54th Ind. Inf.. 
Columbus, Kan. 

Chew, Wm. H.,— Corp., Co. F, 81st 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Cook, Wm. H.,— Priv., Co. B, nth Tenn. Cav., 
Weir, Kan. 

Crissman, J., — Priv., Co. C, 1st Penn. Cav.. 
Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Coy, George, — Priv., Co. B, nth Ind. Cav., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Clavvson, S. F.,— Serg., Co. K, 19th O. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Cole, A. J.,— Priv., Co. F, 13th Kan. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Chubb, J. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 74th 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Callis, William,— Priv., Co. B., 20th Mich. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Childers, Geo. W., — Priv., Co. A, 4th Ky. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Cooper, Isaiah, — Capt, Co. K, 99th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Cobble, Benjamin, — Priv., Ind. Inf., Neutral, 

Cavanaugh, M. C, — Priv., Co. B, 49th Wis. Inf., 
Lowell, Kan. 

Covert, Peter, — Priv., Co. G, 51st Mo. Inf., Lowell, 

Carney, Daniel, — Priv.. Co. H, 15th Mo. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Chew, L. A.,— Priv., Co. B, 81st 111. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Carney, J. W., — Corp., Co. A, 80th Mo. Militia, 
Galena, Kan. 

Cowell, Benj. F.,— Capt., Co. H, 28th 111. Inf., 

Corey, Jamgs L., — Priv., Co. C, 70th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Caspri, John, — Priv., Co. E, 47th 111. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Clark, G. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 6th Kan. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Clark, Oscar N.,— Priv., Co. D, 51st Mo. Inf., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Carter, George,— Priv., Co. G, 10th Tenn. Inf., 
Boston Mills, Kan. 

Corkle, Joseph, — Priv., Co. H, 21st O. Inf., Hal- 
lovvell, Kan. 

Chidister, James, — Priv., Co. E, 1st O. Cav., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Cook, Samuel R.,— Priv., Co. E, 75th 111. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Crain, A. J.— Priv., Co. D, 151st 111. Inf.. Hal- 
lowell, Kan. 

Cooter, E. W.,— 1st Lt., Co. A, Kan. Militia, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Craig, William,— Priv., Co. K, 8th la. Cav., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Carter, Joseph R.,— Priv., Co. C, 96th O. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Cunningham, Sam'l.,— Priv., Co. I, 98th O. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Clark, David L.,— Priv., Co. E, 22d 111. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Coultraine, I. M.,— Priv., Co. F, nth Ind. Cav., 
Starvale, Kan. 

Craig, John W.,— Priv., Co. A, 31st 111. Inf., 
Starvale, Kan. 

Curry, Robert— Priv., Co. C, 8th Ind., Inf., 
McCune, Kan. 

1 82 


Crawford, J. H.,— Priv.. Co. C, 34th 111. Cav., 
Starvale, Kan. 

Christalier, Win. — Priv., Co. G. 18th la. Inf., 
Monmouth, Kan. 

Coover, Joseph W., — Priv.. Co. C, 1st Perm. Inf., 
Sherwin, Kan. 

Copper, N. — Priv., Co. G, 2d Ind. Inf., Cherokee, 

Crossley, William,— Priv., Co. B, 100th N. Y. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Cunningham, Joseph, — Serg., Co. G, 73d 111. Inf.. 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Cooper, Win. H.,— Priv., Co. C, I02d 111. Inf., 
Opolis. Kan. 

Cooper, C. E., — Priv., (company, regiment and 
P. O. unknown). 

Codding, W. T. ,— Priv., Co. E, 43d 111. Top. En- 
gineers, Opolis, Kan. 

Coon, F.,— Priv., Co. F, 1st Neb. Cav., Cher- 
okee, Kan. 

Coonrod, J. F.,— Priv., Co. D, I22d 111. Inf.. 
Crestline, Kan. 

Crage, J. M., — Surg., 134th Ind. Inf., Baxte- 
Springs, Kan. 

Davis, Hiram,— Priv., Co. E, 117th Hi. Inf.. 
Galena, Kan. 

Dunham, J. W.,— Priv., Co. C. 1st O. H. Art., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Daniels, Chas. W.,— Priv., Co. E, 8th 111. Inf. 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Danglade, J. B.,— Priv., Co. C, 3d Ind. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Day, S. A.,— Priv., Co. G, 136th 111. Inf.. Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Dale, W. H.,— Priv., Co. H, 2d 111. Lt. Art- 
Empire City, Kan. 

Doty, Morris, — Priv., Co. G, 93d O. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Dunn, Charles— Priv., Co. H, 136th 111. Inf.. 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Duncan, J. M.,— Priv., Co. C, 78th 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Dover, Isaac L., — Priv., Co. F, 10th Tenn. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Doran, J. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 71st 111. (dead). 

Deem, D. A., — Serg., Co. I, 13th Kan. Cav. 

Davis, Charles, — Priv., Co. E, 6th 111. Cav.. Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Deane, Perry,— Priv., Co. E, 1st W. Va. Lt. Art- 
Weir, Kan. 

Davis, J.. W., — Priv., Co. D, 109th Pcnn. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. l 

Daugherty, D. M., — Priv., Co. E, nth Mo. Cav. 

Dalby, Albert— Serg., Co. C, 25th 111. Inf., 
Faulkner, Kan. 

Duncan, Thomas R.,— Priv., Co. D, 81st 111. Inf., 
Faulkner, Kan. 

Davison, F M.,— Priv., Co. I, 7th U. S. Cav., 
Keeiville, Kan. 

Dill, John S.,— Priv., Co. K, 34th la. Inf., Keei- 
ville, Kan. 

Delany, W. T.,— Priv., Co. H, 47th III. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Dutton, M. M..— Priv., Co. F, 91st 111. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Dove, John, — Priv., Co. C. 33d Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Dugan, F. M.,— Priv., Co. I, 12th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Davis, H. M.,— Priv., Co. F, 3d Wis. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Davis, Silas C— Priv., Co. F, 8th Mo. Inf., Hal- 
lowell, Kan. 

Denney, E. D., — Capt., Co. H, 5th Ohio Cav., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Deem, John W., — Serg., Co. A, 15th Kan. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Davis, M. J.,— Priv., Co. K, 1st Minn. H. Art., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Dillon. A. H.,— Priv., Co. F, 179th O. Inf., Co- 
lumbus. Kan. 

Dillon, W. C— Serg., Co. M, 9th 111. Cav., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Davis, L. D.,— Corp., Co. A, 28th 111. Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Doss. A. A., — Serg., Co. A, 2d Mo. Cav., Opolis, 

Daulton, Geo. W., — Serg., Co. F. 1st Ky. Cav., 
Weir, Kan. 

Downey, J. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 42d 111. Inf., Weir, 

Douglass, F. B., — Corp.. Co. H, 29th la. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Duncan, Alexander, — Serg., Co. K. 103d Penn. 
Inf., Weir. Kan. 

Dewitt, C, — Priv., Co. H, 95th Ind. Inf., Opolis, Kan. 

Davis, W. H.,— Priv., Co. C, 16th Penn. Cav.. 
Weir, Kan. 

Dugger, W. H.,— Priv., Co. A. 13th Tenn. Cav., 
Pleasant View, Kan. 

Dobson, William.— Priv.. Co. B, 16th 111. Inf.. 
Weir, Kan. 

Dale, William— Priv., Co. H, 2d 111. Lt. Art., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Evans, William J.,— Priv., Co. B, 48th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Eastman, C. O., — Priv., Co. K. 52d Ind. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 



Easley, Barton, W.,— Priv., Co. G, 16th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Edwards, Oliver, — Priv., Co. A, 69th Ind. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Ellis, B. M.,— Priv., Co. M, nth 111. Cav., Em- 
pire City, Kan. 

Easley, Jefferson, — Hos. St'd, Co. K, 10th 111. 
Cav., Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Evans, Lorenzo, — Priv., Co. G, 4th Ky. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Elliott, T. T.,— Priv., Co. E, 15th la. Inf., Weir, 

Erwin, Hugh, — Capt., Co. A, 24th Ind. Inf., 
Keclville, Kan. 

Easton, George, — Priv., Co. C, 119 III. Inf., 
Keelville, Kan. 

Evans, George, — Priv., Co. G, 9th Kan. Cav., 
Lowell, Kan. 

Ellis, James H.,— Priv., Co. C, 116th 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Ehalt, Martin— Priv., Co. B, 48th Wis. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Ebbenstein, Chas., — Priv., Co. B. 69th Ind. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Ewing, Nelson, — Serg., Co. I, nith Tenn. Inf., 
Varck, Kan. 

Evans, J. E.,— Priv., Co. I, 34th Ind. Inf., Ga- 
lena, Kan. 

Elliott, Win. E.,— Serg., Co. K, 10th III. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Everett, W. H,— Priv., Co. H, 44th Mo. Cav., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Ellis, William H.,— Priv., Co. I, nth la. Inf., 
Tehama, Kan. 

Everett, E. J.,— Priv., Co. I, 23d Mo. Inf., Hal- 
lowell, Kan. 

Ellis, R. D.,— Capt., Co. M, gth Tenn. Cav., 
,Messer, Kan. 

Embree, J. C,— Priv, Co. H, 18th 111. Inf., Min- 
eral, Kan. 

Eddy, L.,— Priv., Co. H, 6th R. I. Inf., Mon- 
mouth, Kan. 

Eakin, F. M.,— Serg., Co. D. 3d HI- Cav., Mon- 
mouth, Kan. 

Elam, A. M.,— Vt. Sert, Co. I, 2d Neb. Cav., 
Waco, Mo. 

Ellis, Win.,— Serg., Co. G, 4th 111. Cav., Weir, Kan. 

Finnell, Jas. S..— Priv., Co. H, 136th Ind. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Fredrickson, Geo.,— Priv., Co. F. 53d Ind. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Friend, August,— Priv., Co. K, 15th Mo. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Fribley, J. J.,— 2d Lt„ Co. K. 98th Ind. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Freeman, H. H.,— Priv., Co. K, 136th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Fullman, John, — Priv., Co. K, 4th Minn. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Finn, D. C— 2d Lt., Co. B, 30th Mo. Inf., Co- 
!lumbus, Kan. 

Foster, W. B.,— Serg., Co. B, 112th 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Forest, Jacob, — Priv., Co. A, 34th Ind. Inf., Em- 
pire City, Kan. 

Foster, Turner, — Priv., Co. H, 14th Tenn. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Frogue, L. D., — Capt., Co. D, 12th Ky. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Ferguson, John, — Priv., Co. L, 5th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Forkner, Jesse, — Priv., Co. H, 59th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Faulkner, J. S.— Priv., Co. H, 25 111. Inf., Faulk- 
ner, Kan. 

Field, H.,— Priv, Co. D, 154th III. Inf., Chetopa, Kan. 

Fee, Daniel, — Priv, Mo. Militia, Sherwin, Kan. 

Foster, T. J,— Priv, Co. G, 60th Mo. Militia, 
Galena, Kan. 

Foster, Win. P, — Priv, Co. G, 6th Kansas Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Farrer, I, — Priv, Co. D, 99th Ind. Inf., Empire 
City, Kan. 

Fesler, Adam B.,— Artificer, Co. A, 1st Mo. En- 
gineers, Galena, Kan. 

Freeman, Noah B, — Priv, Co. F, 64th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

French, John E, — Corp, Co. C, 6tst III. Inf., 
Messer, Kan. 

Fast, Isaac, — Priv, Co. K, I02d Ohio Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

French, Oliver,— Priv, Co. I, 20th 111. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Fast, C. M,— Priv, Co. D, 112th 111. Inf., (dead.) 

Faust, Aaron,— Priv, Co. G, 2d Ind. Cav, Mc- 
Cune, Kan. 

Fehrenback, W. E, — Priv, Co. I, 2d Iowa, Cav, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Fairchild, A. L„— Priv, Co. H, 72d 111. Inf., Mineral, 

Frank, Charles— Priv, Co. A, 9th 111. Inf., Scam- 
mon, Kan. 

Foster, H. S,— Corp, Co. B, 42d Wis. Inf., Scam- 
mon, Kan. 

Furness, H. N,— Corp, Co. C, 105th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Fryer, James— Priv, Co. E, 2d Mass. H. Art, 
Scammon, Kan. 

Frazce, Silas,— Priv, Co. D, 83d Ohio Inf. Weir, 

1 84 


Fisher, A. J.,— Priv., Co. D, 23d Ind. Inf., Weir, 

Frazier, John E., — Corp., Co. E, 43d Mo. Inf., 
Opolis, Kan. 

Flanner, Charles, — Priv., Co. K, 15th Ohio Inf., 

Freeman, D. S., — Priv., Co. D, 1st Ohio Inf., 

Garner, A. J., — 1st Lt., Co. B, 2d Ark. Cav., Galena, 

German, Judson, — Priv., Co. C, 10th Mo. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Greathouse, Sidney E., — Priv., Co. E, 13th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Glenn, A. T.,— Priv., Co. D, 86th Ohio Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Griffin, Jas. W., — Serg., Co. G, 49th Tenn. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Gill, Maskel,— Priv., Co. H, 136th Ohio N. G„ 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Green, Geo. W., — Priv., Co. G, nth Conn. Inf., Em- 
pire City, Kan. 

Garrett, J. H.,— 2d Lt, Co. B, 15th 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Glascow, John, — Priv, Co. F, 4th U. S. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Gates, Jacob— Priv, Co. E, 8th 111. Cav, (dead.) 

Guffin, A, — Corp, Co. F, 2d N. J. Cav, Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Goldsbury, Geo, — Priv, Co. G. /2d Ind. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Goldsbury, T. W,— Priv, Co. G. 72 Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Grimes, Geo. H, — Priv, Co. A, Penn. Inf., Chetopa, 

Grimes, G. H,— Priv, Co. A. 69th N. Y. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Green, W. S,— Priv, Co. C, 13th U. S. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Griffin, L. C— Priv, Co. A, 8m Mo. Militia, Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Glassbrook, W. T, — Priv, Co. D, 1st Ark. Cav, 
Neutral, Kan. 

Gates, Sam'l S, — Priv, Co. G, 7th Kans. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Grigsley, Robert, — Priv, Co. E, 14th Tenn. Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Gaw, John W, — Priv, Co. I, 14th Ind. Inf., Galena, 

Gault, H. P,— Priv, Co. I, 52a 111. Inf., Galena, 

Glenn, Jas. B, — Priv, Co. E, Mo. Cav, Galena, 

Grimm, Adam, — Priv, Co. A, 148th Penn. Inf., 
Smithfield, Mo. 

Gibbons, John, — Priv, Co. H, Mo. Inf., Smithfield, 


Gaither, R, — Priv, Co. K, 30th 111. Inf., Columbus, 

Galloup, John, — Priv, Co. F, 69th Mo. Militia, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Grow, William— Priv, Co. G, 87th Ind. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Graham, R. S,— Priv, Co. K, 5th 111. Cav, Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Girton. J. L, — Wagoner, Co. I, 143d Penn. Inf., 

Golding, J. W, — Priv, Co. H, 151st Ind. Inf., 
Columbus. Kan. 

Gentry, J. B, — Bugler, Co. I, 13th Ohio Cav, 
Oswego, Kan. 

Gambill, D. J, — Priv, Co. F, 17th Ky. Cav, Mon- 
mouth, Kan. 

Green, John, — Priv, Co. C, nth Iowa Inf., Weir, 

Gray, John, — Priv, Co. I, 15th Mass. Art, Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Grant, S. T, — Priv, Co. G, 6th Mo. Cav, Opolis, Kan. 

Gilliland, John— Priv, Co. G, 133d 111. Inf., Pleas- 
ant View, Kan. 

Henry, William, — Musician, Co. A, 130th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Highland, Robert— Priv, Co. E, 66th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Harris, W. H,— Priv, Co. D, 17th 111. Cav, Galena, 

Harper, Alex,— Priv, Co. I, 1st W. Va. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Hubbard. J. C— Serg, Co. C, 38th Ind. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Huntington. O. P.— Priv, Co. C, 36th Iowa. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Highland. William— Corp, Co. D, 4th 111. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Hiner, R. J, — Capt, Co. B, 5th Kans. Militia, Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Hodgkins, Edward, — Priv, Co. I, 12th N. Y. Int., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Henry, James V, — 1st Lt, Co. D, 1st Mich. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Hopkins, Samuel, — Priv, Co. G, 15th U. S. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Hedges, T. J, — 1st Lt, 4th Kans. Cav, Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Hatfield, Elijah, — Corp, Co. G, 8th Tenn. Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Harris, L. W,— Priv, Co. C, 3d Ind. Cav, Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Howey, Thomas A,— Priv, Co. A, 38th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 



Hobson, Albert,— Priv., Co. B, 12th Term. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Hogg, B. F.,— Corp., Co. C, 104th N. V. Inf., 

Hartman, Simeon, — Priv., Co. H, 1st Colo. Inf., 

Huey, J. W.,— Priv., Co. F, 80th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Hunt, E. F.,— Priv., Co. D, 118th Ohio Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Henry, H.,— Priv., 23d Ind. Art., Columbus, Kan. 

Hummers, John, — Priv., Co. L, 7th 111. Cav., Weir, 

Hood, Archibald, — Serg., Co. F, loth Mo. Inf., 

Hicks', H. A.,— 2d Lt, 9th Wis. Art., (dead.) 

Haseltine, D. P., — Priv., 1st Kans. Art., Columbus, 

Hill, O. P.— Priv., Co. M, 3d Iowa Cav., Melrose, 

Hall, S. T.,— Priv., Co. H, 14th 111. Inf., Chetopa, 

Hennigh, Daniel, — Priv., Co. F, 206U1 Penn. Inf., 
Melrose, Kan. 

Huggins, Geo. M., — Priv., Co. I, 130th Ind. Inf., 
Melrose, Kan. 

Hadden, N. M.,— Priv., Co. K, 127th 111. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Himes, Geo. W.,— Serg., Co. D, 1st Kans Inf.. 
Faulkner, Kan. 

Hubble, O., — Corp., Co. I, 19th Ind. Inf., Chetopa, 

Hill, John A., — Corp., Co. F, 7th Mo. Cav.. Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Hall, James, — Priv., Co. C, 119th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Hartley, J. F.,— Priv., Co. I, 69th Ind. Inf.. Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Hacks, J. H.,— Priv., Co. C, 12th Mo. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

. Houston, Benj., — Priv., Co. F, 125th 111. Inf., Neu- 
tral, Kan. 

Hudson, W. H..— Priv., Co. H, 36th Iowa Inf., 
Neutral, Kan. 

Hedrick, S. C„— Priv., Co. G, 58th 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Hall, S., — Priv., Co. H, 92d Ohio Inf., Galena, Kan. 

Henderson, J. S., — Serg., Co. E, Mo. Independent, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Hubbard, J. A., — Capt., Co. D, 22d 111. Inf., Galena, 

Harman, J. R., — Corp., Co. D, 89th Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Harvey, C. W.,— Serg., Co. C, 89th Ind. Inf., Varck, 

Hurt, J. J.,— Priv., Co. E, 24th Mich. Inf., Lowell, 

Hallmark, Lewis, — Priv., Co. A, 8th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Hubbard, H. R.,— Capt., Co. A, 119th 111. Inf., 
Boston Mills, Kan. 

Henderson, John,— Priv., Co. F, 73d Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Hine, J.,— Priv., Co. B, 77th Ind. Inf., Galena, Kan. 

Hays, Wrn. C.,— Priv., Co. G, 31st Wis. Inf., 
Tehama, Kan. 

Harrison, Geo. W., — Priv., Co. E, 125th 111. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Harbaugh, J. E.,— Corp., Co. K, 85th Ind. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Hadson, James, — Priv., Co. B, 157th 111. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Hileman, M. D.,— Priv., Co. D, 57th Mo. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Howard, James R., — Priv., Co. H, 71st Penn. Inf., 
Messer, Kan. 

Hamilton, Hugh, — Corp., Co. B, 63d Ohio Cav., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Huff, John, — Priv., Co. F, i52d Ind. Inf., Crestline, 

Hallam, W. H.,— Priv., Co. C. 129th 111. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Hartman, M. J., — Priv., Co. E, 154th Ohio Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Hannah. John G, — Priv., Co. B, 27th Ind. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Hook, Matthias, — Priv., Co. C, 27th Iowa Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Haight, Chas. B., — Corp., Co. B, -inth Penn. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Hollingsworth, I. B.,— Priv., Co. L, 8th Ohio Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Hendy, J. H.,— Priv., Co. I, 123d 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus', Kan. 

Henderson, John, — Priv., Co. G, 2d Penn. Art., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Herreld, Benj., — Priv., Co. C, 40th Iowa, Inf., Star- 
vale, Kan. 

Herreld, A. F., — Priv., Co. C, 40th Iowa, Inf., 

Heap, Thomas, — Priv., Co. A, 31st 111., Inf., Sher- 
win, Kan. 

Hur;t, William— Priv., Co. B. 2d Ohio H. Art., 
McCune, Kan. 

Hildreth, J. H.,— Priv., Co. K, 65th 111. Inf., Mineral, 

Herrington, D. H.,— Priv., Co. G) 184th Ohio Inf., 
McCune, Kan. 

Haynes, Thomas, — Priv., Co. B, 52d 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

1 86 


Huffington, Geo., — 12th Ind. Battery, McCune, Kan. 

Hicks, John W.,— Priv., Co. C, 88th Ohio Inf., Mc- 
Cune, Kan. 

Hale, W. M.,— Priv., Co. B, 136th 111. Inf., Star- 
vale, Kan. 

Holt, Joseph,— Priv., Co. H, 1st Ind. H. Art., Sher- 
man, Kan. 

Harris, A. R., — Priv., Co. L, 1st Mo. Militia, Scam- 
mon, Kan. 

Holmes, Henry, — Corp., Co. A, 156th 111. Inf., 
Columbus', Kan. 

Hoy, John W.,— Corp., Co. E, 9th 111. Inf., Mon- 
mouth, Kan. 

Harding, H. N., — Corp., Co. K, 49th Wis. Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Henry, John, — Serg., Co. H, 2d 111. Caw, Weir, 

Hanes, Charles, — Serg., Co. B, 81st Ohio Inf., 
Opolis, Kan. 

Huffman, William— Priv., Co. G, 17th Ind. Inf., 
Pleasant View, Kan. 

Hiatt, Jas. H.,— Priv., Co. C, 19th Ind. Inf., Waco, 

Ingram, Wm. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 22d 111. Inf., (P. O. 

Jacobs, John, — Priv., Co. H, 16th Kans. Cav., 
Galena. Kan. 

Johnson, Elias, — Serg., Co. E, 161 Ohio Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Jordan, J. VV. — Priv., Co. A, 8th Mo. Cav., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Johnson, W. P.,— Priv., Co. E, 8th Mo. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Jarvis, W. V., — Priv., Co. G, 173 Ohio Inf., Galena, 

Jones, Wm. W. ,— Serg., Co. E, 7th U. S. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Johnson, Shelly, — Priv., Co. D, 33d Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Jones, James B., — Serg., Co. K, Iowa Engineers, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Jones, Wm. L., — Priv., Co. C, 134th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Jones, Daniel, — Priv., Co. B, 1st Ohio H. Art., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Johnson, William, — Priv., Co. H, 7th Ky. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Jones, M. A.,— Priv., Co. F, 3d Mo. Cav., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Johnson, James, — Priv., Co. B, mth 111. Inf., 
, Columbus', Kan. 

Jenkins, John, — Priv., Co. G, 25th Ind. Inf., Weir, 

Joachim, G. M., — Priv., Co. E, 106th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Jones, L. D., — 111. Inf., Columbus, Kan. 

Johnson, A. M.,— Priv., Co. E, 29th 111. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Jackson, Phillip— Priv., Co. F, 150th 111. Inf., Faulk- 
ner, Kan. 

Johnson, J. R., — Priv., Co. D, 170th Ohio Inf., 
Melrose, Kan. 

James, W. F,— Priv, Co. D, 6th Mo. Militia, Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Jones, David W.,— Priv, Co. A, nth U. S. Inf., 
Melrose, Kan. 

Jarrett, W. D,— Priv, Co. I, 3d Mich. Cav, Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Jarrett, John F,— Priv, Co. I, 3d Mich. Cav, Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Johnson, Thomas, — Priv, Co. E, 44th Ohio Inf., 
Varck, Kan. 

Jarrett, Michael,— Priv, Co. H, 148th Ind. Inf., 
Baxter Springs', Kan. 

Jonas. John, — Priv, Co. H, 36th Ind. Inf., Varck, 

Jenkins, F. F, — Priv, Co. E, 106th 111. Inf., Galena, 

Jackson, Elvis B,— Priv, Co. D, 52d Ky. Mt. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Jaco, Benj. F,— Priv, Co. E, 6th W. Va. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Janey, Stephen,— 1st Lt, Co. G, 79th Ohio Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Jones, Robert M, — Serg, Co. I, 7th Iowa Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Johnson, E. M, — Priv, Co. D, 30th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Jones, Orrin S,— Priv, Co. B, 29th Mo. Militia, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Jarvis, William, — Priv, Co. H, 97 Ind. Inf., 
Sherwin, Kan. 

Jones, J. W, — Corp, Co. D, 6th Ind. Cav, Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Jones, Robert H,— Priv, Co. F, 3d Mo. Cav, 
Mineral, Kan. 

Jeter, Geo. S, — Priv, Co. H, 23d Mo. Inf., Mon- 
mouth, Kan. 

Jenkins, John H, — Priv, Co. K, 134th Ind. Inf., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Johnson, A. P,— Priv, Co. I, 80th 111. Inf., Weir, 

Jones, J. D, — Priv, Co. A, 6th Iowa Inf., Sherwin, 

Kelley, W. A, — Priv, Co. E, 26th Ind. Inf., Galena, 

Keetin, Patrick, — Priv, Co. I, 23d Ind. Inf., Galena, 

Kinkade, A. P„— 2d Lt, Co. B, 35th Ky. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 



Knox, Carey, — Priv., Co. F, nth Mo. Cav., Galena, 

Kennedy, G. L.,— Capt., W. Va. N. G., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Knight, Madison, — Priv., Co. K, 6th Kans. Cav., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Kyler, Jesse, — Wagoner, Co. E, 17th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Knapp, M. R., — Priv., Co. H, 74th Ind. Inf., Kan- 
sas City, Mo. 

Kleinfield, J. P,— 2d Lt., Co. E, 26th N. Y. Inf., 
(P. O. unknown.) 

Kitch, J. M.,— Priv., Co. H, 97 Ind. Inf., Neutral, 

King, G. R.,— Priv., Co. C, 119th 111. Inf., Neutral, 

Knott, Wm. A., — Corp., Co. D, 1st Mo. Cav., 
Messer, Kan. 

Kramer, David— Priv., Co. G, 82 111. Inf., Waco, 

Kyle, A. R.,— Priv., Co. C, 24th Mich. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Kimerer, Joseph, — Priv., Co. F, 16th 111. Inf., Star- 
vale, Kan. 

Kennedy, A. W.,— Priv., Co. B, mth 111. Inf., 
Starvale, Kan. 

Knox, James,— Priv., Co. B, 3d N. Y. Lt. Art., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Lunsford, I. G., — Bugler, Co. 1, 47th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Love, James, — Priv., Co. G, 2d Mo. Cav., Galena, 

Love, F., — Priv., Co. G, 3d Mo. Cav., Galena, Kan. 

Leake, Geo. W., — Priv., Co. C, nth Kans. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Lamb, E.,— Priv., Co. H, 35th Mo. Inf., Galena, 

Luther, Charles, — Corp., Co. A, 140th N. Y. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Leerney, M. C, — Priv., Co. E, 2d Iowa Cav., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Long, Sedrick, — Priv., Ohio Militia, Baxter Springs, 

Locer, William,— Priv., Co. E, 57th Ind. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Labedie, C. H., — Corp., Co. E, 2d Mo. Cav., Galena, 

Louderback, A.,— Priv., Co. H, 1st Ind. H. Art., 
Galena, Kan. 

Lamb, Avery, — Priv., Co. A, 2d Colo. Cav., Empire 
City, Kan. 

Leslie, Thomas,— Priv., Co. D. 15th Iowa Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Lewis, J. W.,— Priv. Co. C, 117th 111. Inf.. Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Lees, John, — Priv., Co. I, 23d U. S. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Larremore, Joseph, — Priv., Co. L. 15th Mo. Cav., 
Weir, Kan. 

Liff, Wilson,— Priv., Co. H, 18th Ohio Inf., Weir, 

LaRue, T. P., — Corp.. Co. G, 2d Iowa Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Long, Matthew, — Priv., Co. A, 16th Penn. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Lamson, H. T., — Corp., Co. I, 55th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus', Kan. 

Leeper, John S., — Priv., Co. D, 9th Iowa Cav., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Lammey, S. Y.,— Priv., Co. E, 149th 111. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Little, William— Priv., Co. G, 32d Ohio Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Landon, W., — Corp., Co. I, 85th 111. Inf., Chetopa, 

Longly, G. W.,— Priv., Co. H, 30th Ind. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Lane, J. W. S.,— Priv., Co. D, 75th Ind. Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Lucas, Edward, — Priv., Co. C, 7th Ky. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Lees, William, — Corp., Co. B, 4th Iowa Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Leggett, E. J.,— Serg., Co. I, 116th N. Y. Inf., 
Lowell, Kan. 

Lucas, T. B., — Priv., Co. C, 10th Ind. Inf., Galena, 

Lindsey, J. W.,— Priv., Co. H, 78th Penn. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Lowe, W. A.,— Priv., Co. F, 27th 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Lucky, John, — Priv., Co. B. 25th 111. Inf., Galena, 

Lea, A. T., — Priv., Co. B, 143 Ind. Inf., Columbus, 

Locke, A. W.,— Corp., Co. K, 1st Ohio Cav., (P. O. 

Ludlow, J. H.,— Serg., Co. B, 63d Ind. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Landers, John B— Priv., Co. B, 43d Mo. Inf., 
(P. O. unknown.) 

Ludlow, John S.,— Priv., Co. K, 63d Ind. Inf.. 
Crestline, Kan. 

Loucks, Cornelius-,— Serg., Co. G, 79th Ind. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Lutes, E. D.,— Priv., Co. B, 4th Mo. Cav., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Lisle, A. B.,— Priv., Co. D, I02d Ohio Inf., (dead.) 

Luckey, Jerry— Priv., Co. F, 25th Iowa Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

1 88 


Lopp, Charles W., — Capt, Co. B, 38th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Lewis, David D.,— Priv., Co. H, Mo. Cav., (P. O. 
unknown. ) 

Lanstrum, A. A., — Capt., Co. G, 59th 111. Inf., 
(P. O. unknown.) 

Lyons, W. E.,— Priv., Co. B, 139th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Louther, Arnold, — Priv., Co. E, 99th Ir.d. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Lyons, T. A., — Priv., Co. G, 139th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Larcum, Lee, — Priv., Co. C, 121st Ohio Inf.. Cher- 
okee, Kan. 

Langlass, Nicholas, — Priv., Co. G, 148th 111. Inf., 
Weir. Kan. 

Lewis, Warren, — Corp., Co. A, 12th Ohio Cav., 
Weir. Kan. 

Lakey, John, — Priv., Co. E, 25th Mo. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Mahan, Wm. J.,— Priv., Co. K. 8th 111. Inf., Galena, 

Manlove, S. L., — Priv., Co. G, 16th 111. Inf., Galena, 

Mayer, Jacob M„ — Corp., Co. F, 6th Penn. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Mitchell, John, — Corp., Co. C, 171st Ohio Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Merriman, R., — Priv., Co. I, 111th Penn. Inf., 
Galena. Kan. 

Martin, W. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 44th III. Inf., Em- 
pire City, Kan. 

March, William— Serg., Co. H, 60th Ohio Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Murphey, James, — Message Boy, Ship "Vermont," 
Empire City, Kan. 

Mann, Martin, — Capt., Co. B, 61st 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Mann, Charles W.,— Priv., Co. A, 53d 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Meads, James L., — Priv., Co. C, 6th Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Morris, C. D., — Corp., Co. E, 33d 111. Inf., Rogers, 

Martin, P. S.,— Priv., Co. D, 33d 111. Inf., (P. O. 

Miles, R. P.,— Priv., Co. E, 14th Mo. Cav., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Middaugh, C. E.,— Priv., Wis. Art, (dead.) 

Mitchell. D. L.,— Corp., Co. D, 23d 111. Inf.. Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Mentzer, H. C— Corp., Co. B, i62d Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Masters, William— Priv., Co. D, 47th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Mahan, J., — Corp., Co. D, nth 111. Cav., Weir, Kan. 

Mulliken, William, — Corp., Co. I, 22d Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Macy, E. T., — Musician, Co. H, 39th Ohio Inf., 

Mitchell, Chas. W.,— Priv.. Co. F, 7th 111. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Moore. H. W.,— D. Maj., Co. C, 131st Penn. Inf., 
Miami, I. T. 

Morris. Matthew,— Priv., Co. B, 18th Mo. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Marshall, D. T.,— Priv., Co. C, oSth Ind. Militia, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Maxwell, N. H„— Serg., Co. F, 80th 111. Inf., 
Faulkner, Kan. 

Modisett, John F., — Corp., 2d Ohio Battery, Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Moore, C. R.,— Capt., Co. F, 38th Wis. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Matthews, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. D, no 111. Inf., 
Melrose, Kan. 

Moore, Jas. H., — Priv., Co. I, 12th Kansas Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Mayer, John M„ — Priv., Kansas Militia, Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Millen, J. H„— Priv., Co. D, 198th Ohio Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Medaris, Jacob, — Priv., Co. B, 47th 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

.A last, John R.,— Priv., Co. I, 85th Ind. Inf., Neutral, 

Mulliken, Lee— Priv., Co. F, 77th N. Y. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Miller, Henry,— Priv., Co. A, 15th N. Y. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Michner, E. M., — Corp.. Co. B, no Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Mitchell, A.,— Priv., Co. C, 7th 111. Inf., Varck, 

Medler, M. L.,— Priv., Co. H, nth N. H. Inf., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Murray, J., — Serg.. Co. K, 14th Kan. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Madison, Maurace, — Priv., Co. C, 117th Ky. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Messer, Lewis, — Priv., Co. E, 15th Mo. Cav., Em- 
pire City, Kan. 

Morse, John, — Priv., Co. H, 4th Iowa Cav., Galena, 

Metcalf, Andrew, — Priv., Co. I, 25th Wis. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Malott, William— Priv., Co. H, 12th Mo. Cav., 
Boston Mills, Kan. 

Mays, John, — Priv., Co. M, 9th Tenn. Cav., Galena, 



Moore, Benj.,— Priv., Co. B, 138th Wo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Marina, Job, — Priv., Co. M, 4th Mo. Cav., Galena, 

Morarity, M. E., — Priv., Co. K, 9th Iowa Inf., 
Messer, Kan. 

Morrow, James, — Priv., Co. A, 115th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Mason, John A., — Priv., Co. F, 47th 111. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Martin, D. R., — Surg., 3d Iowa Inf., (dead.) 

Mayes, R. J., — Priv., Co. A, 7th Iowa Cav., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Martin, C. C, — Corp., Co. A, 102 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Metzler, C. G.,— Priv., Co. D, 1st Mo. Inf., (dead.) 

Mayhood, J. C, — Priv., Co. G, 10th Penn. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Milligan, J. M.,— Priv., Co. L, 2d Ohio H. Art., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Morgan, James, — Priv., Co. M., nth Kans. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Masters, John G.,— Priv., Co. D, 47th III. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Mast, Amos, — Priv., Co. C, 51 Ind. Inf., Crestline, 

Miller, John A., — Priv., Co. E, 35th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Morgan, William, — Priv., Co. I, 138 Ohio Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Morgan, Austin, — Priv., Co. B, 20th Iowa, Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

.Mitchell, David— Priv., Co. D, 85th Ind. Inf., 
Opolis, Kan. 

Mordica, James, — Priv., Co. L, 15th Kans. Inf., 
Opolis, Kan. 

Moody, J. F„— Priv., 6Sth Ky. Militia, Weir, Kan. 

Mishler, Jacob, — Priv., Co. K, 149th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Merrick, Walter, — Priv., Co. C, 6th Kans. Cav., 
Waco, Mo. 

Merriman, Jas. N, — Priv., Co. E, 143d 111. Inf., 
Waco, Mo. 

Mabley, Randolph, — Priv., Co. D, 10th Kan. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Mc Wilson, William, — Priv., Co. A, 2d Iowa Cav., 

McCollough, R. T.,— Priv., Co. I, 16th Mo. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

McDugal, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. B, 33d 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

McLahlan, James, — Priv., Co. C, 6th Kans. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

McNay, John M.,— Priv., Co. B, 45th Iowa Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

McCall, Samuel,— Priv., Co. E, 75th 111. Inf., (dead.) 

McGinnis, II. L.,— Priv., Co. D, 9th Kans. Cav., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Mcllhaney, R. B.,— Priv., Co. D, 107th 111. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

McClure, Curtis,— Priv., Co. C, 16th Tenn. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

McDowell, S. O.,— Priv., Co. M, nth Ind. Cav., 
Minneapolis, Kan. 

McFarren, Henry, — Priv., Co. F, 25th Mich. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

McCollough— Priv., Co. E, 41st Ind. Cav., Faulk- 
ner, Kan. 

McClure, J. A.,— Serg., Co. A, 2d 111. Res. Corps, 
Columbus, Kan. 

McClure, John A.,— Serg., Co. D, 81st 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

McClure, Thos. A.,— Corp., Co. D, 81st 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

McMickle, Clinton, — Serg., Co. G, 2d low. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

McComas, Wm. N., — Priv., Co. K, 25th Iowa Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

McKennis, H.,— Priv., Co. F, S2d Ky. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

McCullough, Silas, — Priv., Co. G, 100th Ohio Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

McEwen, James, — Serg., Co. E, 5th Kans. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

McCurdy, John, — Priv., Co. D, 4th Penn. Cav., 
Starvale, Kan. 

McClure, S. P.— Priv, Co. K, 68th 111. Inf., McCune, 

McFarland, John, — Priv, Co. C, 135th Ind. Inf., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

McCorkle, Geo. R,— Priv, Co. C, 156th Ind. Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

McClure, G. M,— Priv, Co. B, 39th Iowa Inf., Weir, 

McWethey, Jerome, — Priv, Co. G, 2d Mich. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Neal, Robert D,— Serg, Co. D, 91st 111. Cav, 

Naylor, J. C,— Priv, Co. H, 148th 111. Cav, Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Noble, Elbert O, — Priv, Co. C, 46th Mass. Cav, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Norris, James, — Priv, Co. G, 26th Ky. Cav, Galena, 

Newman, Isaac, — Priv, Co. A, 6th Ohio Inf., Weir, 

Nail, W. T.,— Priv, Co. K, 86th 111. Inf., Weir, 

Nichols, C. D,— Priv, Co. D, 3d Wis. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 



Nottingham, John, — Priv., Co. E, 1st Va. Caw, 
Faulkner, Kan. 

Newmire, Geo. H., — Corp., Co. F, 21st Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Norton, E., — Priv., Co. A, 17th Ind. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

North, William II., — Priv., Co. D, 12th Kans. Inf., 
Faulkner, Kan. 

Nash, M. J.,— Priv., Co. E, 95th Ohio Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Noell, L. J.,— Priv., Co. B, 138th 111. Inf., Columbus, 

Nichols, J. J., — Priv., Co. K, 6th Kans. Cav., Empire 
City, Kan. 

Nichols, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 10th Mo. Inf., 
Messer, Kan. 

Newberry, Edward, — Priv., Co. F, 37th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Newell, John W.,— Priv., Co. F, 125th 111. Inf., 
Starvale, Kan. 

Norris, Edward,— Priv., Co. B, 35th Wis. Inf., 
Sherman, Kan. 

Nunn, Ingram, — Priv., Co. A, 101st 111. Inf., Mc- 
Cune, Kan. 

Nolan, John, — Priv., Co. H, 36th Ohio Inf., Sher- 
man, Kan. 

Nolan, James A., — Priv., Co. B, 32d Ohio Inf., 
Sherman, Kan. 

Norton, W. S.,— Priv., Co. K, 8th Mo. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Newport, John W., — Priv., Co. E, 57th Ind. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Newman, S. E., — Priv., Co. H, 7th Ohio Art., Weir, 

Nowlin, Lewis, — Serg., Co. G, i$2d Ohio Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Opperman, J. B., — Priv., 17th Ohio Bat., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

O'Connell, John, — Corp., Co. B, 92d N. Y. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Owen, J. M., — Bugler, Co. A, 6th Ind. Cav., Galena, 

Orwan, F. M., — Corp., Co. G, 9th Kans. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Oliver, E. T.,— Priv., Co. A, 8th Mo. Cav., Boston 
Mills, Kan. 

Olinger, S. H.,— Priv., Co. I, 5th Iowa Inf., (dead.) 

Owen, Henry L.,— Priv., Co. F, 8th Mo. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Ogleby, J. C„— Priv., Co. G, 72d Ind. Mt. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Oliphant, W. R.,— Priv., Co. E, 42d Ind. Inf., 
Oswego, Kan. 

Oliphant, O. S.,— Priv., Co. H, 149th Ind. Inf., 

O'Malley, James, — Priv., Co. I, 53d 111. Inf., Cher- 
okee, Kan. 

O'Neill. Hugh— Priv., Co. C, 90th 111. Inf., Weir, 

Oglesby, John H., — Priv., Co. D, 14th Kans. Cav., 
Opolis, Kan. 

Pangborn, H. L., — Priv., 1st Wis. Art., Galena, Kan. 

Pummel!, John, — Priv., Co. E, 2d Ark. Cav., Galena, 

Pond, James M., — Priv., Co. C, 12th Mo. Militia, 
Galena, Kan. 

Pittman, Reason, — Corp., Co. F, 2d Mo. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Perry, L. J., — Priv., Co. C, 44th Mo. Inf., Galena, 

Payne, Jas. M., — Priv., Co. G, 2d 111. Cav., Galena, 

Patterson, John, — Serg., Co. K, 16th Ohio Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Pulley, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. H, 81st 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Price, J. S.,— Capt., Co. A, 79th 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Pittman, Edward, — Priv., Co. I, 2d Mo. Lt. Art., 
Galena, Kan. 

Pounds, William,— Priv., Co. H, 1st Ark. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Pinnick, William, — Corp., Co. I, 38th Ind. Int., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Price, Charles J., — Priv., Co. D, 2d Kans. Cav, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Pierson, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. G, 10th N. V., 11. 
Art., Columbus, Kan. 

Parker, J. M.,— Priv., Co. C, 54th Ky. Mt. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Pattyson, Darius, — Seaman, U. S. G. Boat "Brill", 
Columbus, Kan. 

Perkins, Elisha— Priv., Co. E, 27th Ind. Inf., 

Phillips, John— Priv., Co. I, 5th Ohio Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Pemberton, Russell,— Priv., Co. C, 48th Ohio Inf., 

Pearce, R. C, — Priv., Co. A, 33d Ind. Inf., Melrose, 

Phillips, Vincent,— Capt., W. Va. Cav., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Parsons, A. J., — Priv., Co. K, 6th Kans. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Potter, O. O., — Serg., Co. A, 141st 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Patterson, Ellis, — Serg., Co. F, 43d Ohio Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Pence, D. N.,— Priv., Co. D, 62d 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 



Payne, R. N., — Priv., Co. G, 19th Kans. Cav., Galena, 

Peters, Joseph, — Priv., Co. G, 76th Ind. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Peters, W. H. ,— Priv., Co. H, 5th Ohio Cav., Bos- 
ton Mills, Kan. 

Porter, P. B., — Priv., Co. A, 130th Ohio Inf., Galena, 

Peck, Ira, — Priv., Co. B, 91st Ind. Inf., Galena, Kan. 

Parker, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. K, 7th 111. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Pancake, Geo. H., — Priv., Co. B, nth 111. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Parker, G. E. T.,— Priv., Co. C, 9th Mo. Cav., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Preston, J. S., — Priv., Co. A, 194th Ohio Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Porter, H. L,,— Priv., Co. H, 23d Mich. Inf., Sher- 
win, Kan. 

Pollock, W. YV.,— Priv., Co. I, 31st 111. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Pendcrgrass, James, — Priv., Co. I, I22d 111. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Perry, William,— Priv., Co. B, 10th 111. Inf., Mc- 
Cune, Kan. 

Puckett, J. C.,— Priv., Co. E, 21st Ky. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Penrod, Solomon, — Priv., Co. A, 120th Ind. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Perrin, J. H„— Serg., Co. G, 135th 111. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Patterson, Leslie, — Priv., Co. E, I02d 111. Inf., Min- 
eral, Kan. 

Pigg, S. N,— Priv., Co. B, 137th 111. Inf., Cher- 
okee, Kan. 

Pryor, James B.,— Priv., Co. K, 7th Mo. Inf., Weir, 

Payne, James F.,— Priv., Co. 6th Kans. Cav., Pleas- 
ant View, Kan. 

Parker, Isaac.,— Priv., Co. H, 1st Ohio Lt. Art., 
Monmouth, Kan. 

Quinn, Bruce,— Priv., Co. A, 6th Mo. Cav., Varck, 

Rains, H. F.,— Priv., Co. G, 49th Ky. Inf., Waco, 

Raub, William G.,— Priv., Co. F, 153d Penn. Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Rush, Morgan— Priv., Co. E, 5th W. Va. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Rowley, Martin E.,— Priv., Co. I, 47th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Reed, S. N.,— Priv., Co. C, 1st Neb. Cav., Galena, 

Rains. J. M.,— Capt., Co. C, 1st Tenn. Cav., Galena, 


Rice, Joseph,— Priv., Co. I, 96th U. S. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Rehm, Louis, — Priv., Co. C, 1st Mo. Cav., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Records, John,— Priv., Co. D, 56th U. S. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Reed, James,— Priv., Co. A, 6th Kans. Cav., Empire 
City, Kan. 

Row, William E.,— Priv., Co. I, 5th Mo. Cav., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Richardson, Geo. S.,— Serg., Co. G, 6th Iowa Inf., 

Reynolds, C. L.,— 7th Mo. Cav., (P. O. unknown.) 

Ruhland, Christian, — Serg., Co. F, 3d 111. Cav., 

Richards, William, — Priv., Co. I, 79th 111. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Robinson, A. W.,— Priv., Co. K, 12th W. Va. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Rood, T. B.,— 2d Lt., Co. K, 7th 111. Inf., Columbus, 

Reem, G. W., —Priv., Co. C, 51st Ind. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Rayburn, H. W.,— 2d Lt., Co. K, 22d Ohio Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. . 

Reynolds, J. L.,— Priv., Co. A, 66th Ohio Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Reinhart, Joseph,— Priv., Co. C, 78th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Ransom, A. G., — Priv., Co. E, 7th Ohio Inf., Neu- 
tral, Kan. 

Rowland, H. E.,— Priv., Co. H, 3d Ark. Cav., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Rose, W. D.,— Priv., Co. E, 9th Mo. Militia, Galena, 

Ross, W. L.,— Priv., Co. H, 6th Mo. Cav., Galena, 

Ryan, Solomon, — Priv., Co. H, 8th Kans. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Robinson, F. W., — Priv., Co. H, 34th Iowa Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Riseling, Joseph, — Priv., Co. C, nth Penn. Inf., 
Crestline, Kan. 

Rinker, Levi, — Priv., Co. B, 23d Mo. Inf., Messer, 

Reaser, Daniel,— Priv., Co. F, 85th Ind. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Reinhart, N.,— Priv., Co. A, 24th Mich. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Reed, Allen,— Priv., Co. M, 136th Ohio N. G., 

Read, Geo. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 146th Ind. Inf., 

Robinette, J. W.,— Priv., Co. D, 21st 111. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 



Roberts, James, — Priv., Co. A, 139th Ind. Inf., 
HaUowell, Kan. 

Ratcliff, John,— Priv., Co. D, 147th Ind. Inf., Colum- 
Ijsu, Kan. 

Ruggus, Perry,— Priv., Co. G, 124th Ky. Inf., Sher- 
win, Kan. 

Rohrbough, J. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 70th 111. Inf., Mc- 
Cune, Kan. 

Rockefeller, F. M.,— Priv., Co. K, 65th 111. Inf., 
Mound Valley, Kan. 

Robinson, G. A.,— Priv., Co. K, nth Vt. Inf., Cher- 
okee, Kan. 

Rodenberger, P., — Priv., Co. K, 59th Ind. Inf., Star- 
vale, Kan. 

Ryan, William— Priv, Co. D, 148th Ind. Inf., Weir, 

Russell, John— Corp, Co. C, 17th 111. Inf., Waco, 

Ratcliff, Wm,— Corp, Co. K, 46th Mo. Inf., Mc- 
Cune, Kan. 

Smith, L. S,— Priv, Co. E, 33d 111. Inf., Galena, 

Secrist, W. M,— Priv, Co. H, 6th Kans. Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Stone, T. B. S,— Priv, Co. F, 8th Mo. Inf., Galena, 

Stone, W. B, — Capt, Co. H, 10th Kans. Inf., Galena, 

Scoles, J. P., — Serg, Co. G, 31st Iowa Inf., Galena, 

Smith, S. H,— Serg, Co. K, 13th Mich. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Streat, W. B, — Priv, Co. A, 34th Iowa Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs', Kan. 

Seaman, H. S, — Capt, Co. A, 3d Kans. Cav, Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Spears, John, — Serg, Co. G 3d Mich. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Sisson, John, — Priv, Co. C, 149th 111. Inf., Empire 
City, Kan. 

Saunders, J. F, — Priv, Co. C, 133d 111. Inf., Galena, 

Swaney, D. A,- — Priv, Co. E, 6th Penn. Inf., Galena, 

Shaw, Jas. A.,— Priv., Co. A, 61st 111. Inf., Galena, 

Scofield, Geo. W,— Priv, Co. G, 16th 111. Inf., Em- 
fire City, Kan. 

Springston, A. J, — Priv, Co. Ff, 24th Ind. Inf., 
Empire City, Kan. 

Spencer, John W, — Serg, Co. D, 13th 111. Cav, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Skidmore, James, — 1st Lt, Co. F, 51st 111. Inf., 
■ !< Inmbus, Kan. 

Swell, H,— Priv, Co. A, 44th Ind. Inf., Galena. 

Seaward, William, — Serg. Maj, Co. A. 9th Iowa 
Inf., Weir, Kan. 

Sweeney, Jas. N, — Serg, Co. I, 75th Ohio Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Stinnett, Lewis, — Music, Co. A, nith U. S. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Smith, Geo. W,— Priv, Co. A, 1st Mich. Art., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Spencer, M. W,— Priv, Co. E, 58th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Smith, John O,— Priv, Co. D, iojd 111. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Smalley, J. W,— Priv., Co. K, 5th Penn. Art, Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Shipley, I. F,— Serg, Co. C, 18th Mo. Inf., Melrose, 

Stoner, C. W,— Priv, Co. D, 51st Mo. Inf., Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Springer, Chas. E, — Priv, Co. G, 9th Kans. Cav, 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Scheer, John M,— Priv, Co. B, 99th 111. Inf., 
Chetopa. Kan. 

Sparks, Milton, — Corp, Co. K, 117 Ky. Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Shortwell, John W,— Priv, Co. G, 25th Ohio Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Starrett, W. H, — Corp, Co. F, 59th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Scott, John J, — Priv, Co. D, 46th Iowa Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Street, Thomas, — Priv, Co. C, 138 Ind. Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Sackett, J. A,— Priv, Co. L, 3d 111. Cav, Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Slutltz, Emanuel, — Priv, Co. H, 97th Ind. Inf., 
Neutral, Kan. 

Swalley, Abraham, — Corp, Co. B, 45th Ohio Inf., 
Baxter Springs', Kan. 

Sanders, G. W,— Priv, Co. H, 3d U. S. Inf., Lowell, 

Shelton, Daniel,— Priv, Co. F, 2d Tenn. Inf., Galena, 

Shellhammer, W. H,— Priv, Co. P.. 164th Ohio Inf., 
Boston Mills, Kan. 

Snider, Silas, — Priv, Co. D, I02d 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Staton, Geo. H,— Priv, Co. C, 31st 111. Inf., (dead.) 

Secrist, Joseph, — Priv, Co. H, 6th Kans. Cav, 
Galena, Kan. 

Shaffer, Daniel, — Priv, Co. F, I02d Mich. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Snider, John W,— Priv, Co. H, 179th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Short, J. R, — Priv, Co. H, 1st Colo. Cav, Galena, 



Scott, A. L. D.,— 1st Lt., Co. A, 128th Ind, Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Sadler, Henry R., — Priv., Co. F, 4th Iowa Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Smith, Joseph S., — Corp., Co. E, 31st Mo. Militia, 
(P. O. unknown.) 

Stiles', Wm. A., — Priv., Co. G, 23d Mo. Inf., Smith- 
field, Mo. 

Starkweather, G. E., — Priv., Co. D, 43d Mo. Inf., 
Sherwin, Kan. 

Spauldwin, S. D., — Priv., Co. D, 2d Ohio Cav., 
Sherwin, Kan. 

Stoughton, S. D.,— Priv , Co. H, 93d 111. Inf., Sher- 
win, Kan. 

Spence, John, — Corp., Co. C, 146th Ohio Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Schmell, Louis, — Priv., Co. F, 85th Ohio Inf., Co- 
lumbus, Kan. 

Seymour, E. C, — Corp.. Co. D, 126th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Smith, Sidney S., — 1st Lt., iSth Iowa Inf. (dead.) 

Stapleton, Nelson,— Priv., Co. G, 79th 111. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Shirk, Jonas S,,— Priv., Co. B, 86th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Sparks, John T., — Corp., Co. H, 58th Ind. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Stice, J. Frank— Priv., Co. B, 28th 111. Inf. Oswego, 

Sharp, George, — Priv., Co. F, 4th Ind. Art., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Shoemaker, J. F., — Prix., Co. H, 51st Ind. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Smith, Moses M.,— Priv., Co. H, 28th 111. Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Sandusky, H. W.,— Priv., Co. D, 12th Ky. Inf., 
McCune, Kan. 

Stott, R. H.,— Capt., Co. H, 26th Ind. Inf. (dead.) 

Spriggs, John, — Priv., Co. A, 4th Iowa Inf., Mineral, 

Story, D. M.,— Priv., Co. G, 3jd III. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Sargent, Charles,— Priv., Co. C, 126th Ohio Inf., 
Cherokee, Kan. 

Shidler, Henry,— Priv., Co. G, 59th Ind. Inf., Mon- 
mouth, Kan. 

Swearinger, A. B., — Priv., Co. I, 47th Iowa Inf., 
Monmouth, Kan. 

Sanders, M. H.,— Priv., Co. D, 18th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan* 

Stoker, J., — Priv., Co. G, 2d Wis. Inf., Columbus, Kan. 

Scoville, A. R.,— Priv., Co. I, 18th Iowa Inf., Scam- 
mon, Kan. 

Seisor, George,— Priv.. Co. B, 207th Penn. Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Snyder, D. W.,— Priv., Co. L, 9th Ky. Cav., Weir, 

Stuekey, Henry, — Corp., Co. A, 62d Mo. Militia, 
Pleasant View, Kan. 

Small, J. T.,— Priv., Co. D, 131st Ohio Inf., Scam- 
moii, Kan. 

Sterns, Tyler B.,— Capt., Co. K, 19th U. S. Inf., 
Pleasant View, Kan. 

Scott, John H.,— Priv., Co. C, 3d 111. Cav., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Thompson, Thomas, — Priv., Co. I, 1 nth Ala. Inf., 
(P. O. unknown.) 

Taylor, George,— Priv., Co. M, 9th Kans. Cav., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Thomas, A. M.,— Priv., Co. D, 40 Mo. Mt. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Taylor, Tubba, — Priv., Co. G, 61st 111. Inf., Galena, 

Treace, John J., — Priv., Co. A, 1st Ark. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Tanquary, Levi S., — Priv., Co. C, 10th Ind. Inf., 
Columbus', Kan. 

Tompkins, J. W., — 4th Mass. Cav. (dead.) 

Taylor, Samuel D., — Priv., Co. C, 82d Iowa Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Timberlake, W. H.,— 2d Lt., Co. C, 8th Maine Inf., 

Trotter, Jonas, — Trump., Co. D, 13th Ind. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Turner, John T.,— Priv., Co. D, 123d 111. Mt. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Thornburg, A. S., — Priv., Co. D, 141st Ind. Inf., 
Chetopa, Kan. 

Taylor, L. H.,— Priv., Co. G, 95th Ohio Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Treat, John, — Priv., Co. A, 16th Mo. Cav., Neutral, 

Taylor, James W.,— Priv., Co. B. 4?d 111. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Tackett, M. V,— Priv., Co. B, 14th Kans. Cav., 
Galena. Kan. 

Throop, S. B.,— Priv., Co. B, 20th Mich. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Tschakart, Francis, — Serg., Co. G, 82d 111. Inf., 
Messer, Kan. 

Thornton, K. B. ,— Co. G, 46th Mo. Inf., Messer, Kan. 

Trout, A. J.,— Priv., Co. A, 86th Ind. Inf., Messer, 

Turner. E. B„— Serg., Co. A, 119th 111. Inf. (dead.) 

Theobald, William— Priv., Co. F, 7th Mo. Cav., 
Sherman, Kan. 

Topping, Washington, — Priv., Co. C, 1st Mich. Eng., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Taylor, R. W.,— Priv., Co. A, 186th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 



Tanner, Joseph, — Priv., Co. G, 77th 111. Inf., Scam- 
mon, Kan. 

Tarter, D, — Priv., Co. F, 2d Ky. Cav., Mineral, Kan. 

Terhorst, Arent ,— Priv., Co. B, 27th Mo. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Talbott, R. H., — Mo. Cav., Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Ulery, James, — Priv., Co. A, 26th Mo. Inf., Galena, 

Ulrich, Jacob J. —Priv., Co. B, 29th Ind. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Vanneet, J. S,— Priv, Co. H, 16th Kans. Cav., 
Galena, Kan. 

Vanhorn, W. M.,— Serg., Co. F, 140th Ind. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Vanarsdoll, A. E.,— Priv., Co. E, 1st N. Y. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Vallier, Alfonso, — Corp., Co. A, 16th Kans. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Vanfossen, L. C — Priv., Co. E, 1st 111. Lt. Art., 
Baxter Springs', Kan. 

Vaughn, Job.,— Serg., Co. D, 55th 111. Inf. (dead.) 

Veatch, John T.,— 2d Lt., Co. F, 1st Ind. Cav, Weir, 

Vanvalin, J. W,— Priv, Co. B, 148th Penn. Inf., 
(P. O. unknown.) 

Vannoy, T. G, — Corp, Co. G, 9th Kan. Cav, Galena, 

Vick, James, — Priv, Co. L, 3d Mo. Cav, Boston 
Mills, Kan. 

Vincent, W. H,— Serg, Co. H, 25th Iowa Inf., 
Weir, Kan. 

Wiley, David A, — Serg, Co. F, 30th Iowa Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Williford, W. A,— Priv, Co. K, 55th 111. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Walker, John— Corp, Co. K, 10th 111. Inf., Waco, 

Witherell, Theo,— Priv, Co. E, nth 111. Cav, 
Opolis, Kan. 

Wylie, Calvin— Priv, Co. C, 57th Mo. Inf., Scam- 
raon, Kan. 

Wooten, J. J,— Priv, Co. A, 81st 111. Inf., Scam- 
mon, Kan. 

West, James,— Priv, Co. G, 112th 111. Inf., Weir, 

Wallace, John, — Priv, Co. C, 2d 111. Inf., Scammon, 
Kan. • 

Wooten, Edward, — Priv, Co. C. 51st Mo. Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Wade, Alexander, — Priv, Co. G, 36th 111. Inf., 
Scammon, Kan. 

Wilcox, J. D,— Priv, Co. C, 155th 111. Inf., Star- 
vale, Kan. 

West, E. F, — Corp, Co. B, 62d 111. Inf., Sherman, 

Wallace, John M,— Corp, Co. D, nSth Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

West, J,— Priv, Co. E, 94th 111. Inf.. McCune, Kan. 

Walker, W. H,— Priv, Co. A, 43d Ind. Inf., Oswego, 

Watson, Dennis,— Priv, Co. C, nth 111. Inf., Hallo- 
well, Kan. 

Williams', Jas. M, — Priv, Co. I, 41st Ohio Inf., 
Hallowell, Kan. 

Westervelt, Louis R, — Priv, Co. B, 14th Iowa Inf, 
Starvale, Kan. 

Worthen, Peter,— Priv, Co. H, 6th Colo. Inf., Sher- 
man, Kan. 

Walke, William— Priv, Co. K, 96th Ohio Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Walton, Henry, — Artificer, Co. H, 1st U. S. En- 
gineers, Hallowell, Kan. 

Wall, Solomon, — Priv, Co. E, 69th Ohio Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Wiggins, H, — Priv, Co. A, I02d Ohio Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Wells, E. C.,— Corp., Co. G, 54th 111. Inf, Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Watson, Charles, — Corp, Co. C, 6th Kans. Cav, 
Messer, Kan. 

Williams, Clinton, — Corp, Co. H, 154th Ohio 
Inf., Crestline, Kan. 

Williams, Lane, — Corp, Co. M, nth Mo. Cav, 
Smithville, Mo. 

White, Nathan G.,— Corp., Co. K, 156th 111. Inf, 
Galena, Kan. 

Warner, Samuel S, — Corp, Co. G, 203d Penn. Inf, 
Galena, Kan. 

Weaver, Joshua, — Corp, Co. D, 38th 111. Inf., Crest- 
line, Kan. 

Williams, Edward, — Corp, Co. I, 21st 111. Inf, 
Columbus, Kan. 

Word, John,— Corp, Co. G, 76th Penn. Inf, Galena, 

Wallace, G. W,— Priv, Co. H, 4th Mo. Cav, Bax- 
etr Springs, Kan. 

Wagoner, J. J,— Priv, Co. H. 106th 111. Inf, 
Galena, Kan. 

Wallaver, W. H,— Priv, Co. I, 45th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Wile, W. H,— Priv, Co. H, 3d Penn. Res. Co, 
Galena, Kan. 

Williams, Jas. F, — Priv, Co. C, 2d Wis. Inf, 
Galena, Kan. 

Wright, Andrew— Priv, Co. F, nth U. S. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Wenzel, William— Priv, Co. D, 47th Mo. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Whiton, William— Priv, Co. H, 25th Mo. Inf, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 



Wallace, Joseph, — Corp., Co. D, 18th Ohio Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Wahl, Lewis,— Priv., Co. F, 35th Ohio Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Winkleman, Fred, — Serg., Co. I. 2d Mo. Inf., Keel- 
ville, Kan. 

Wright, L. M..— 1st Lt., Co. A, 2d Ohio Militia, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Wilbur, L. C— Corp., Co. B, 143d Penn. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Webber, Jacob— Priv., Co. A, 3d U. S. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Wasson, John R., — Priv., Mo. Independent, Mel- 
rose, Kan. 

Waymire, N., — Corp., Co. K, 48th Ind. Inf., Melrose, 

Wiley, B. J.,— Priv.. Co. F, 2d 111. Lt. Art., Melrose, 

Wax, Samuel— Priv., Co. G, 38th 111. Inf., Chetopa, 

West, I. P.— Priv., Co. D, 148th 111. Inf., Kansas 
City, Kan. 

Willis, R. M.,— Priv., Co. I, I02d 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Woolsey, P. H,— Serg., Co. D, 46th 111. Inf. (dead.) 

Walbert, Jonathan,— Priv., Co.* D, 25th Mich. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Wilson, W. H., Priv., Co. D, 21st Kan. Mt. Inf. 

Weir, H. P.— Musician, Co. B, 42d 111. Inf., Weir, 

Wagoner, James,— Priv., Co. K, 138th 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Winter, D.,— Serg., Co. I, Ohio Militia, Columbus, 

Whitcraft, John,— Priv., Co. D, 39th Iowa Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Wells, James H.,— Priv., Co. A, 103 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Williams, Samuel,— Priv., Co. C, 40th Tenn. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Wilson, T. J.,— Corp., Co. M, 2d Iowa Caw, Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Willard, A,— Priv., Co. C, 6th Kans. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Weaver, T. C— 1st Lt., 53d 111. Inf., Baxter Springs, 

Walker, Henry S.,— Priv., Co. G, 6th Ind. Cav., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Whipple, E. R.,— Musician, 20th 111. Inf., Colum- 
bus, Kan. 

Woostern, I.,— Priv., Co. M, 2d Kans. Cav., Empire 
City, Kan. 

Winters, Solomon L.,— Serg., Co. I, 56th Mass. Inf., 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Webb, Thomas, — Kansas Militia, Empire City. Kan. 

Williams, E. M., — Corp., Co. A, 6th Mo. Cav., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Warren, E. T., — Serg., Co. G, 18th Conn. Inf., Bax- 
ter Springs, Kan. 

Walker, W. A., — Surg., Co. L, 5th Mo. Cav., Galena, 

Warren, L. A., — 1st Lt., Co. G, 19th Ky. Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Wasson, J. A., — Priv., Co. G, 15th Iowa Inf., 
Galena, Kan. 

Williams, Thomas, — Serg., Co. E, 10th Mo. Militia, 
Baxter Springs, Kan. 

Willabee, John— Priv., Co. D, 94th 111. Inf., Baxter 
Springs, Kan. 

Williams, H. C,— Priv., Co. C, 9^d 111. Inf., Galena, 

Webb, Geo. W.,— Capt., Co. A, 38th Ind. Inf., 

Weldy, L. C— Priv., Co. F, 83d Ohio Inf., Galena, 

Zimmerman, J. J.,— Priv., Co. B, inth 111. Inf., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Zook, Thomas, — Serg., Co. B, 15th Kans. Cav., 
Columbus, Kan. 

Zimmerman, J. T„— Priv., Co. H, 187 111. Inf., Sher- 
win, Kan. 


Held annually at Baxter Springs, Kansas, is 
perhaps the greatest soldiers' reunion in the 
world. It has become such wholly without 
public aid of any kind. The enthusiasm which 
gave rise to it, and which has since sustained 
it. came itself out of the spirit of the "Border 
War" back in the late "fifties," and which ex- 
tended to, and became a part of, the great Civil 
War, which bad its outbreak in 1861. While 
the reunion had its rise under the control of 
men who, for the most part, were from other 
States, and did not participate in the ante-bel- 
lum struggles on the "Border." it is not wide 
of the truth to say that no State but Kansas 
could foster and sustain so great an annual 
soldiers' reunion. The incident which, more 
than all other incidents, gave rise to the re- 
union is that of the massacre of General Blunt's 
body-guard, by Ouantrell, guerrilla chief of the 



"troublous times," on the side of the South. 
In the chapter of this volume devoted to the his- 
tory of Baxter Springs an account of the mas- 
sacre is given. 

Charles \V. Daniels, of Baxter Springs, one 
of the men who have been in control of the re- 
union since the first, and who is yet as enthusi- 
astic as ever, has written me a letter which 
gives an account of the inception of the reunion 
and an outline of what it has grown to be; and 
to me it seems proper that the letter shall be 
given here, in full, in his own language, which 
those who know him will quickly recognize. 
It follows : 

"In October, 1863, Ouantrell. the famous 
guerrilla, made an attack on the garrison in the 
fort at Baxter Springs, then a small, half-way 
station, between Fort Scott and Fort Gibson. 
He was repulsed, with some loss; but he was 
preparing for another attack, when he was in- 
formed that a small detachment of Union sol- 
diers were on their way from Fort Scott, and 
would soon arrive at the fort. He then deployed 
his men in such a way as to form an ambuscade 
just north of the famous chalybeate springs and 
succeeded in almost completely surrounding the 
Union force, before they were aware of his 
presence. The Union soldiers surrendered, 
without firing a gun. 

"The detachment was acting as a body 
guard to General Blunt, and it consisted of two 
companies of the Fourth Wisconsin Cavalry, 
some detached horsemen and a brass brand. 
The General and a few of the soldiers escaped ; 
but about one hundred and sixty, who surren- 
dered, were lined up and shot down, in cold 
blood. It was one of the most fiendish, brutal 
and uncalled-for massacres of the war. 

"About the year 1883, twenty years after 
the massacre, the government had all the bodies 
of the murdered men that could be found taken 
up and transferred to a military lot in the Bax- 
ter Springs Cemetery. A magnificent monu- 

ment was erected on the lot, and the American 
flag now floats over the sacred remains of our 
fallen comrades. In this same year a few of 
the Union soldiers concluded to hold a reunion 
on the old battle-field. Some of these men are 
alive to-day and are still in control of the big 
reunion at Baxter Springs ; but J. R. Hallo- 
well. R. P. McGregor, J. P. Hartley, L. C. 
Weldy, and others, have passed away. Am 
those living are John M. Cooper. J. J. Frib- 
ley. C. W. Daniel's. F. D. W. Arnold and S. O. 

"The first reunion was held in the north 
part of the city of Baxter Springs, where our 
martyred comrades fell ; and it was a real hot 
one. It was all blue. There was no comming- 
ling of 'the blue and gray' on that old battle- 
ground. The attendance was quite liberal, and 
the enthusiasm and the effervescent loyalty was 
immense. The sham battle was a particularly 
noted feature, with quite a number of casual- 
ties; but the sortie at night was terrific. Sol- 
diers seemed to forget that the war was over, or 
that Kansas might be a loyal State. Raids 
were made on the peaceful citizens, by squads 
and details ; chicken houses and pig pens were 
assaulted ; gardens were bombarded ; cows were 
milked ; drug stores were ravished ; mules 
dared not bray, and pigs ceased to squeal ; two 
'blind tigers' were raided and demolished, and 
no rooster attempted to crow in Baxter Springs 
for more than a month. In fact, it was sure 
enough war times in old Baxter Springs. The 
entire night was made hideous with jay-bird 
bands, tom-toms, hew-gags. and other musical 
instruments of warfare, accompanied by war 
songs, war whoops and rebel yells. 

"This first reunion proving such an emi- 
nent success, it was decided to hold another the 
next year; and this also proving satisfactory, 
they have been held annually ever since that 
time, until they have grown to be the monster 
gatherings we now behold, where, annually, at 



least fifty thousand people gather around the 
fires of Camp Logan, to listen to the war sto- 
ries, music, songs and speeches of the men who 
made things hot for the 'Solid South' in the 
days of 1861-65. 

"In 1890 a charter was obtained, a stock 
company of old soldiers formed, officers elected, 
grounds purchased and buildings erected. As 
the institution continued to grow, more land 
was required, and in 1899 one hundred acres 
were bought, on the banks of Spring River, 
just south of Baxter Springs. It is a most 
magnificent grove of forest trees, hills, hollows, 
springs, brooks and everything to make an ideal 
camping ground. In this new park The Inter- 
State Reunion Association has erected a new 
and commodious amphitheater ; they have 
cleared and beautified the grounds, made roads, 
built a fine system of water works, purchased 
an elegant electric launch and induced the St. 
Louis & San Francisco Railway Company to 
build a track two miles long, into the grounds, 
so that passengers may be landed right in the 
center of the camp. 

"There are no meetings in the West, of 
any kind, that approach the Baxter Springs re- 
unions, in point of numbers, enthusiasm or per- 
fect enjoyment. Thousands of people, citizens 
as well as soldiers, come every year, with their 
families, and spend a whole week, tenting on 
the old camp ground. The association provides 
soldiers and war widows with tents, wood, 
straw and water, all free. They have shady 
groves for citizens' private tents, and more than 
eighty acres for parking teams. They provide 
the best of instrumental and vocal music, glee 
clubs and orators that the country affords. 

"In order to attract and entertain this vast 
crowd of visitors, there are a half a mile of side- 
shows, restaurants, fakers, peanut roasters, 
juice racks, hot tamales, cider mills, lunch 
joints, Jew stores, cigar spindles, shooting gal- 
leries, knife racks, red lemonade, fortune tell- 

ers, faith healers, witch doctors, and a thou- 
other interesting, instructive and amusing fea- 
tures to please the old and the young. Then 
there is Red Hot street, with its many varied 
and unique devices, leading up to the show- 
grounds, and the celebrated Midway, or 'Pike,' 
where may be found twenty or thirty sho -. 
museums, exhibitions, vaudevilles and spectac- 
ular sensations. Here we have the Ferris 
Wheel, the Grand Carousal, the Loop-the- 
Loop, the Shoot-the-Chutes, the Scenic Rail- 
way, the Electric Fountain, the Slide-for-Life, 
the High-Dive and many other thrilling and 
astounding devices of the Twentieth Century. 
Every year new and attractive features, and 
better accommodations for the Old Boys in 
Blue, are added, so that all may be assured of 
a full measure of enjoyment and comfort. 

"Nearly all of the old officers of the asso- 
ciation who are living are still in control; but 
the active management has been, to a great ex- 
tent, relegated to some of the younger men. or 
'Sons of Veterans,' who will gradually but 
surely replace the old veterans, whose terms of 
service will soon expire. The following is the 
list of the present officers : President, John M. 
Cooper; 1st vice-president, J. J. Fribley; 2nd 
vice-president, F. D. W. Arnold ; 3rd vice-pres- 
ident, J. V. McNay; secretary, C. W. Daniels: 
treasurer, J. J. Fribley; platform, A. C. Hille- 
goss; reception, J. M. McNay; general mana- 
ger, C. E. Collins; license agent, Charles L. 

A more lovely or a more suitable site for 
great gatherings could not be found anywhere 
in all the country than the Inter-State Reunion 
grounds near Baxter Springs, Kansas. The 
immediate site of the grounds where the pa- 
vilion is located is upon a high bluff overlooking 
Spring River and a broad valley beyond. Be- 
tween the bluff and the river there is a narrow- 
lowland covered with stately elms and other 
forest trees beneath which there is a sward of 



bluegrass and white clover running down to 
the edge of the stream. The view of the land- 
scape, from the bluff, looking toward the east 
and northeast for many miles, is of a beauty 
rarely equaled, and in some respects never ex- 
celled. The whole valley is checked out in farm 
plats, and here and there are the comfortable 
homes of thrifty, contented families whose in- 
dustry and tasteful care have given to the 
whole an attractiveness which always delights 
and never tires the beholder. On the 20th of 
July, 1904, Preston Daniels, a brother of C. W. 
Daniels, secretary of The Inter-State Reunion 
Association, took me over the association's 
grounds and pointed out the natural beauties 
which make up their attractiveness. A great 
deal of work has been done in clearing out the 
undergrowth and opening longer vistas along 
the little valleys and up and down the sloping 
hills, and much yet remains to be done; but 
under the skillful direction of the association's 
managers nothing is being left undone that will 
add comfort and delight to the thousands of 
people who annually gather there. In years to 
come it will most surely be one of the most 
popular resorts in the great Southwest; for to 
its natural beauty will be added what art can 
do. The water power of Spring River, turned 
into electric energy, will be a big factor in the 
work. An electric road is soon to be built, a 
thorough system of lighting the grounds will be 
put in and numerous electric launches will be 

It is a part of the program at the annual 
meetings of the reunion, to have the best speak- 
ers that can be obtained, many of them being 
men of wide reputation. In former years the 
reunion has been addressed by J. R. Hallowell, 
George T. Anthony. D. R. Anthony, Governor 

Humphrey, Governor Bailey, Governor Stan- 
ley, Governor Glick, J. K. Cubbison, T. B. 
Dawes, John J. Ingalls, Bishop W. Perkins, 
Senator Plumb, Chester I. Long, Senator Lu- 
cian Baker, Webster Davis, Henry Watterson, 
Col. R. W. Blue, Charles Curtis, A. M. Jack- 
son, P. P. Campbell, Thomas Moonlight, Mary 
Ellen Lease, Bernard Kelly, General Prentiss, 
Judge Glasse, Judge Madison and Charles 

The part which the ex-Union soldier, more 
than any one else, will take in the development 
and permanent establishment of the resort, will 
grow less as the years go on ; but to him is due 
the credit for the effort which marked the incep- 
tion of the undertaking, and which, up to the 
present, has given it a direction and growth 
portentious of greater things. He may be out- 
numbered in the vast throngs which annually 
come to spend a few days amidst the delightful 
surroundings which Nature and Art have pro- 
vided ; but the influence which he has exerted 
in laying the foundation, and in making possi- 
ble the great superstructure yet to be builded, 
can never be eliminated and counted as naught, 
even by those who look upon it from a view- 
point far in the future. The boom of the can- 
non may cease, the sound of the fife and drum 
may die away and the stories of heroism and 
valor may pass into history, to be read and not 
told ; but the effects of what men have done, in 
the feverish hour of strife, in the battle strug- 
gles of the nation, and what they have done 
toward commemorating the events which have 
marked the nation's course, can never cease to 
be of interest to the coming generations, though 
they can never gather it only from the lifeless 
page of cold, historic facts. 



In writing the history of a county, where 
one is limited to a short time, as in the present 
instance, it is nearly impossible to get the sub- 
ject matter arranged consecutively, either in 
respect to the time of the occurrence of events 
or as to the order of their importance. On this 
account I have, at the close of the work of 
preparing the copy for this history, found it 
necessary to write a chapter on miscellaneous 
matters, which have come to me after matters 
of a similar character, with some not of a 
similar character, have been prepared and sent 
away to the printer. This chapter is designed 
to take the place of the one announced in the 
prospectus to cover the incidents of the lives 
of the early settlers, related by themselves ; and 
there are some things not covered in the origi- 
nal design. 

The first matter of which a narrative is giv- 
en is that covered by the experiences and obser- 
vations of Joseph Wallace, who was among the 
first settlers of Cherokee County, and who had 
much to do in its public affairs. I believe it 
the more interesting to follow Mr. Wallace's 
own language in this narrative, which can not 
be other than of interest to those who can re- 
call the early days. It is here given : 

"It was in the fall of 1858 that news came 
to the East that gold had been discovered along 
the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, 
near where Denver now stands. This caused a 
great excitement in the States east of the Mis- 
sissippi River, as was usually the case concern- 

ing gold discoveries in those days ; and it 
caused a large emigration from tthe States, for 
many persons eagerly sought the Eldorado of 
the West, upon hearing of the discovery of 

"With thousands of others, we left Ohio, 
for Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, in the 
spring of 1859, there to begin the journey 
across what was known as the Plains of Kan- 
sas and the Great American Desert, to make 
our fortunes in the new gold fields which had 
so recently been discovered. 

"Conveyance in those days was by the slow 
process made with ox teams, or in wagons 
drawn my mules. This gave an excellent op- 
portunity for observation and for one to form 
conclusions as to the agricultural and future 
commercial possibilities of the plains and des- 
erts of Kansas and Colorado. One could take 
his time in these matters, as the wagon trains 
made their way slowly over these vast stretches 
of dreary, desolate wastes of country. 

"We left Leavenworth at the last of March, 
in the year 1859, taking our way along Fre- 
mont's southern route, for the most part, until 
we reached the mountains. On our return the 
next fall we took the route of the Platte River 
trail. The conclusion arrived at. from crossing 
this vast reach of country, was that Kansas 
would be one of the greatest granaries of the 
nation, and that the so-called American Desert 
in connection with the plains, would be the 
meat producer of the world. These observa- 



tions and conclusions induced me to seek a 
home in the West. 

"The Civil War began soon after our re- 
turn from the gold fields of the mountains ; and 
when the call for volunteers was made by Presi- 
dent Lincoln, I enlisted and served out my 
term. When the smoke of battle had passed 
away; when the carnage had ceased, and when 
the ensign of peace waved over the land and 
quiet was restored. I followed the tide of home- 
seekers, in 1866, as they took their way west- 
ward along the course of the general trend of 
population. I came to Kansas, and stopped a 
while at Ouindaro, in Wyandotte County. 
There I taught the white school in the summer 
and in the winter 1 taught in the Freedmen's 
University, all the while seeking, by inquiry 
and observation, for some suitable location 
where I might make a home. Learning of the 
Cherokee Neutral Strip, and being favorably 
impressed by what I heard of it ; its location in 
the southeastern part of the State, where were 
beautifully undulating prairies and streams of 
pure, clear water, and hearing that it was to 
come in for settlement, under the homestead 
pre-emption laws, I concluded to visit it, and I 
determined that, if its climate and its agricul- 
tural possibilities suited me, I would settle there 
and roam no more. 

"It was in the early part of August. 1867, 
that I saddled up 'old Gray' and started on 
my journey for the promised land. Be it 
remembered that, at the time of which I write, 
there were no railroads in Kansas, south of the 
Kaw River. All travel had to be by vehicle, 
on horseback or by going on foot. I made my 
way to Fort Scott, which required several days. 
After resting there one night, I had an early- 
breakfast and started south, hoping, if possible. 
to reach Baxter Springs that night. As I 
passed along over the beautiful prairies I was 
careful to make close observations as to the 
natural resources of the country, in order to de- 

termine what inducements there might be for 
attracting immigrants here to pitch their tents 
and afterwards to build homes. On the south 
side of Drywood Creek, some distance south of 
Fort Scott, I saw some campers, off at the road- 
side, and not knowing why they had stopped so 
early in the day, and being on the alert for in- 
formation, I stopped and engaged them in con- 
versation. Among them I found David Har- 
lan, a Cherokee Indian, who lived on Shoal 
Creek and owned the land where the Galena 
water-works now stand. From his looks and 
his conversation I would not have considered 
him other than an immigrant seeking his home 
in the West ; but I soon found that he had a 
vast fund of knowledge of the country ; that he 
was a walking encyclopedia of history. I ob- 
tained much useful information. He was 
familiar with the Cherokee Neutral Lands, 
from north to south, and he could point out all 
the good and all the bad locations. After I had 
conversed with him a good while, and was 
about to mount and ride away, he asked me 
if I knew the danger of attempting to cross the 
big prairie which lay before me, during the 
heat of the day. I was surprised to learn that 
danger lurked in the prairies in the daytime. 
He informed me that the enemy was not of 
human form, but that it was more numerous, 
more bloodthirsty and more aggressive. He 
described them and told how they waged their 
deadly work ; that horses and cattle had fallen 
by the wayside, robbed of their life blood. The 
enemy consisted of innumerable green-head 
flies. All the early settlers now living well 
remember what a pest these small, voracious 
insects were during the time the pioneers were 
developing the agricultural resources of Chero- 
kee County. 

"On the big prairie over which I had to pass 
there was not a house to be seen on either side 
of the road or trail, for more than twenty miles, 
and there was not a shrub of any kind any- 



where to be found; but this vast stretch of 
virgin soil, over which the home seeker hur- 
hiedly passed in the summer season, in order 
to escape the fly pest, and w hich he dreaded in 
winter, on account of the unobstructed, cut- 
ting winds, is now thickly studded with beau- 
tiful homes and checked off in fertile farms, 
and the greater part of it is underlaid with a 
vein of coal from 36 to 42 inches thick. This 
is one instance in which the pioneer of t,j and 
38 years ago failed to grasp the future possi- 
bilities of the Neutral Lands. 

"About dusk the campers were ready for 
the movement for crossing the prairie at night. 
Being the only one on horseback, I started in 
advance. The route lay along the General 
Scott military road, which the government had 
established between Fort Scott and Fort Gib- 
son. The ride was a long, dreary, lonesome 
one, with nothing to disturb the solitude of the 
night. About three o'clock in the morning 
we saw evidences of human habitation ; here 
and there a log cabin and a little inclosure. 
Seeing a hay stack a short distance from the 
road, we used a portion of it for beds, and 
lying down we slept tranquilly until the 
meadow lark and the finch bade us arise and 
resume our journey to the south. About ten 
miles farther on we came to Pleasant View, 
then the county seat of Cherokee County. It 
was a village of about 25 inhabitants. While 
here I was urged to go west to where Weir 
City now stands, because there was in that lo- 
cality a beautiful scope of country well suited 
for agricultural purposes. Here is where my 
foresight failed me. I pushed ahead to Baxter 
Springs, at that time the largest town in the 
county, or even in the Neutral Strip. 

"On arriving at Baxter Springs, I found 
quite a stirring, frontier town, full of home- 
seekers and adventurers ; but there were many 
substantial citizens engaged in various com- 
mercial pursuits. A big excitement arose on 

the streets the first evening after my arrival, 
it being reported that a father and son had 
been murdered on Rock Creek, a short distance 
south of town, in the Indian Territory. As we 
learned afterward, the criminals were never 
found; but some years afterward a man who 
was about to be executed under a judgn : ; 
rendered by 'J n< -'& e Lynch' confessed that lie 
was one of the murderers, and told that it was 
committed in order to secure a lot of fat cat- 
tle which the father and son were driving north 
to market. I gave my six-shooter to a man 
wlio was going, with others, in pursuit of the 
suspects. They were overtaken in Bates 
County. Missouri, and were brought back to 
Baxter Springs; but they proved their inno- 
cence, and the curious were disappointed in not 
having a hanging-bee. Criminals were sum- 
marily dealt with in those days, in the vicinity 
of Baxter Springs. It seemed a necessary 
evil, resorted to in order to protect the immi- 
grants and to deter evil men. 

"After a good night's rest at the best I'' itel 
in the town (which, by the way, was a half- 
finished, box house), I started north in the 
morning-, in quest of a small portion of the 
Neutral Lands. An hour's ride brought me 
four miles north of Baxter Springs. Here I 
found a man mowing in the prairie, and I en- 
gage:! him in conversation, and was informed 
that he had a claim on a quarter section, which 
he would sell. I looked it over, got his price, 
and. learned that it was what was then known 
as a treaty-right claim. The bargain was 
closed by my paying him the price asked. 
Erecting a log cabin, a frontiersman's castle. I 
moved in and commenced to learn the first les- 
sons of a pioneer's life. Here we encountered 
the hardships and passed through the vicissi- 
tudes of the early-settler period in subduing 
wild nature and making Cherokee County one 
of the foremost counties in the State. From 
the North, East and South came ex-soldiers 



and civilians, all expecting to obtain homes un- 
der the homestead and pre-emption laws ; but 
here was one of the many cases where the gov- 
ernment authorities thought more of one man 
than of the thousands of brave defenders of 
the nation's honor. Here began a two-fold 
struggle; one to subdue the soil and make it 
produce food for ourselves and little ones and 
for shelter to protect us from the storms of 
winter; the other against a soulless monopoly 
which was seeking either to drive us from the 
homes we had builded or to extort from us an 
unjust price for them. The struggle was long 
and bitter, causing much anxiety and doubt ; 
but it bound most of the settlers, all over the 
Strip, into a firm brotherhood. We early 
identified ourselves in the fight with those who 
were struggling against the common oppressor; 
and we stayed with it until a partial victory was 

"The home defenders were known as 
'Leaguers.' By epithet, they were called 
'Bloody Leaguers,' 'Idlers' and 'Cut Throats.' 
And yet not a grave ever marked the resting 
place of any person at the hands of the fear- 
less defenders of our homes. Instances did oc- 
cur where persons 'jumped' or attempted to 
take the claims of the Leaguers. In such case 
they were simply ordered to move off. This 
was business, and it had its moral effect. One 
instance, in our immediate neighborhood, 
serves to illustrate how the Leaguers did busi- 
ness : A Leaguer, before the fight was over, 
concluded to sell his claim and improvements. 
Finding a purchaser who offered to pay the 
price, he moved off and gave possession, before 
the payment was made. After being repeatedly 
asked to pay for the claim, the purchaser coolly 
informed the Leaguer that possession was nine 
points in law. and he told the Leaguer to help 
himself if he could. The matter was brought 
before the League, of which I was chairman, 
and a decision was soon reached. About two 

o'clock that night fifty mounted Leaguers sur- 
rounded the house, harnessed up the man's 
horses and hitched them to his wagon. They 
then ordered him to get ready, with his family, 
take what wraps they wanted and get into the 
wagon. He begged like a fine fellow, made 
many fine promises and promised to be good, 
if left alone. We politely told him that prom- 
ises seemed easily broken, and that possession 
is often ten points, under our law. He and 
his family were bundled into the wagon, a 
driver took the lines, a guard went in front 
and another in the rear, and not a word was 
spoken until we came to Spring River. There 
a good fire was built, and then he was informed 
that he would not be harmed, in the least, pro- 
vided he stayed there until the sun was an hour 
high the next morning; that if he or any of 
his family left before that time. Spring River 
was near, and he might have to swim. It 
worked like a charm, and the Leaguer had pos- 
session of his place by sun-up the next morn- 
ing, and the man who had been put off never 
attempted to do anything, which was very wise. 

"Before we had our land prepared to raise 
a crop, we took our oxen and drove down into 
Missouri, which we called Egypt, and bought 
corn, flour, meat and other things, which we 
brought back into the land of promise. Many 
people in Missouri believed that they would 
always have a good market for their surplus, 
claiming that we could not raise anything in 
Kansas ; but we soon turned the tables and sold 
them corn. 

"There is quite a difference between open- 
ing up a farm now and at the time of which I 
write. Lumber was scarce and very dear, farm 
implements were hard to obtain, all kinds of 
merchandise were high in price and fencing 
material was so scarce and high priced that it 
was next to the impossible for the settlers to 
get it. Fence wire was from 10 to 12 cents a 
pound. In fact, the dollar of those days was 



about the size of a quarter at this time. Nut- 
withstanding all these adverse conditions, the 
early settler struggled on until the light came 
and the gloom was dispelled. As a rule, we 
were all, as neighbors, at peace with one an- 
other and always ready to land a helping hand 
when any one was in need. Our religion was 
social equality, none contending for supremacy 
or to be more holy than his neighbor. The 
cabin of the settler was the church, where the 
community met, sang their hymns, offered their 
prayers and parted in peace. In those days 
party politics did not much concern the settlers. 
It was home, and how to defend it against the 
growing monster of greed which was then get- 
ting possession of the public domain. After 
the organization of the League, the League 
ticket ruled for years. I identified myself with 
the settlers, believing that the public domain, 
of right, belonged to the men who cultivated it, 
and not believing that might makes right, nor 
believing that the public domain, God's gift to 
all mankind, can by the might of money be con- 
trolled by the few and parceled out to the many, 
nor by legislative enactments given to one, to 
the detriment of the many who were compelled 
to purchase at unjust prices what, by right, 
belonged to them. 

"From what we have passed through, en- 
dured and overcome in our struggles for the 
possession of the soil, and to erect homes, plant 
and grow groves and orchards and to diversify 
the once monotonous landscape, build school- 
houses and churches for the education of the 
youth and to lead them along the paths of 
higher morals, can we, the early settlers, be 
condemned for the fight which we made ? Of- 
ten our bill of fare consisted of sorghum, corn 
bread, fat meat, milk and water, and some- 
times coffee. Often, in my surveying trips over 
the county, I slept on a mattress of prairie hay, 
with pillows of the same material, the mattress 
resting upon a bedstead made of poles and in 

a room where the earth served as a floor. This 
was all the settler could afford, and I cheerfully 
accepted the accommodation. Pride has had 
no fall in Cherokee County, but it has raised 
its head triumphantly through poverty's veil, 
and by honest toil it has brought this section of 
country to be second to no other. The hand 
that tames wild nature and makes it yield its 
hidden treasures moves the world." 

Charles Stephens, a well-known attorney 
living in Columbus, has reminded me of a set 
of facts which may be put into a narrative of 
ii.terest to the readers of this history. It re- 
lates to the discovery and development of min- 
eral directly east of Columbus, on Spring 
River. The narrative follows : 

"What has been known as the John Roush 
farm and the J. K. Jones farm, over on Spring 
River, where the Frisco railroad crosses that 
stream, were settled in the 'sixties.' The for- 
mer tract was at one time owned and occupied 
by S. J. Ellis, who still lives near the place. 
The tract of land was then covered with heavy 
timber, but this w r as finally cut off and the land 
was put into cultivation, by different individ- 
uals who never dreamed that they walked every 
day over millions of mineral wealth. S. J. 
Ellis, while living there, in a little log hut, gave 
a contract to an old man to dig a well, for 
water, near the house. Sufficient water was 
found at a depth of from fifteen to twenty feet. 
The man who dug it said he found pieces of 
lead and zinc, and he wanted to contract for 
the sinking of a shaft. Ellis, having no confi- 
dence in what the man said, and believing that 
he merely wanted further employment, refused 
the contract. For years he eked out a mere 
living on the farm, but soon after it fell into 
the hands of James Roush he found a small 
piece of lead ore at the edge of Spring River, 
which runs through the place; but he put oft* 
the matter through believing that some miners 



from Missouri had dropped the ore there. 
Rottsh made a living, for years, by tending the 
pumping plant of the railroad, on the bank of 
the river. In the meantime he mortgaged the 
farm and, being unable to pay the interest ac- 
cording to the contract, he lost it in foreclosure. 
in 1889. 

"J. K. Jones early became the owner of the 
quarter section just south of the Roush farm. 
When he bought the place, he gave a mortgage 
for a part of the purchase price; and it was al- 
ways a struggle for him to meet the obligation. 
It seems there were two mortgages. When the 
first fell due, Jones was much perplexed, and he 
made all kinds of offers to get some one to take 
a lease on forty acres and put down holes in 
search of mineral he felt sure was there. He 
never lost confidence in the matter ; but, being 
financially unable to do anything himself to- 
ward developing the ground, he was almost 
frantic in his anxiety to induce some one else to 
undertake it. He always explained that he had 
found 'shines, down along the river,' and that 
there was no doubt as to there being mineral 
there. Finally, he made a lease to the Jones- 
boro Milling Company, in 1896, and this com- 
pany sank a shaft and opened up one of the 
greatest lead and zinc mines in the West, which 
is still being worked on a large scale. 

"Mr. Jones took great pleasure in watching 
the great tubs of ore, as they were hoisted out 
of the mine, and he daily talked of the trip 
which he would take to California, a pleasure 
which had been the dream of his life. Fate had 
decreed it otherwise; for soon after he began 
to receive his royalties, in gratifying amounts, 
physical disabilities which had long hindered 
him from being a very active man were intensi- 
fied until death cut off his earthly hopes. The 
administrator of his estate sold the farm for 
$32,000, or at the rate of $100 an acre. There 
had been times, within the ten years next pre- 
ceding, when it could diave been bought for 

$10 an acre. Not long after the first big sale, 
it was sold again, for $82,000, or at the rate 
of $512.50 an acre. 

"In 1899, L. G. Scranton. L. H. Winter, 
George W. Humphrey and Charles Stephens, 
who were then the owners of the Roush farm, 
leased a portion of the farm, east of Spring 
River, to P. C. Stephens and Charles Stephens, 
as the firm of Stephens Brothers. They sank 
a shaft near a natural cave in the land, passing 
through a very rich body of ore at a depth of 
65 feet. This was the first shaft east of the 
river, in what is known as the Peacock Val- 
ley. Mining continued in this valley until 
1901, when 40 acres of the Roush farm were 
sold for $36,000. or at the rate of $900 
an acre, the United Zinc Company being 
the purchaser. This company began deep min- 
ing, opening up vast bodies of ore at depths 
ranging from 100 to 150 feet. Stephens 
Brothers consolidated their mines with the 
"Last Chance" mines, in 1902, under the cor- 
porate name of The Peacock Valley Mining 
Company, and a very large mill is now in 
operation, clearing from $500 to $1,500 a 
week. Five other mills are in operation at this 
point, and it is generally conceded to be among 
the richest mining land in the Galena-Joplin 
district. Three miles north of these mines, at 
the north end of the same valley, a mine known 
as the Lawton Mine is being operated, and a 
mill has recently been built there." 

From the foregoing narrative it may be 
seen how people may live for a long time in 
the midst of natural riches, without ever com- 
ing into their enjoyment. John Roush and 
J. K. Jones, for many years eked out a hard, 
scanty living on their farms, practicing the 
most rigid economy in order to meet their obli- 
gations and at the same time support their fam- 
ilies. The former finally lost his home, 
through the foreclosure of a mortgage; 
the latter doing a little better by leasing 



his land and reaching a condition where life 
seemed to begin to be worth the living, when he 
was called away, as if to give others a chance 
to reap the rich harvests which might have 
come to him long years before. The good 
things of life seem not always to come to those 
apparently most in need, and who very often 
seem to be the most deserving. Fortune fre- 
quently frowning in cold disdain upon the earn- 
est seekers after a mere modicum of the com- 
forts of life, and as frequently dispensing her 
favors upon those who come by chance within 
the reach of her lavish hand. 

An interesting narrative is given by Mrs. 
Leslie Patterson, of Mineral City. In early 
childhood she was left an orphan, and she was 
reared by Jacob Galer, of Ohio, who had a 
fondness for adventure, in the following of 
which he often went contrary to his wife's 
judgment, as men so often do, Jacob Galer 
first moved from Ohio to Illinois; then to Kan- 
sas; then to Iowa, where lie remained a while 
(of course only a short while) , and then moved 
to Missouri, settling in one of the finest por- 
tions of the State, but his roving spirit would 
not let him alone, and he came back to Kan- 
sas. It was in Iowa that Mrs. Patterson, then 
Olive Carter, a little child, was taken into the 
family. Jacob Galer's moving outfit consisted 
of two wagons, one drawn by three yoke of 
oxen, and the other by two yoke of oxen, and a 
lighter wagon drawn by two horses. He 
brought along a number of cattle and sheep 
and a few extra horses, the family, with the 
outfit, making quite a caravan. The begin- 
ning of the journey was from Trenton, Mis- 
souri, in the summer of 1865; the destination 
was unknown, only that it must be somewhere 
on the frontier. Jacob Galer's family consisted 
of himself, his wife, a daughter nearly grown 
and Olive Carter, the little girl whom they had 
taken to raise. Two men were hired to drive 

the ox teams. Mrs. Galer drove the team of 
horses and Mr. Galer brought up the loose 
horses, cattle and sheep. At Cameron, Mis- 
souri, one of the men quit the company, and 
Mr. Galer had to take his place. From that 
point, on to Cherokee County, Kansas, the 
daughter and the little girl, then 11 years old, 
walked and drove the loose stock. They 
crossed the Missouri River at Kansas City and 
came south by the way of Fort Scott, from that 
point following the military road until they 
came to Shawnee Creek, just north of where 
Crestline now stands. They camped there one 
night, and the next day took a course west- 
wardly, and the next night they camped on 
what is now known as the Johnson farm, about 
two miles northwest of Columbus. Far along 
in the night, after the howling of the prairie 
wolves had lulled the family to sleep, it chanced 
that Mr. Galer awoke and saw a glaring light 
toward the southeast. It increased rapidly in 
brightness, and he wisely concluded that a 
prairie fire was advancing from the direction of 
Baxter Springs. He awoke the family, hitched 
the teams to the wagons, rounded up the herd, 
and the whole caravan moved off as fast as 
possible toward the west. Very early the next 
morning they came to a log cabin on Lightning 
Creek, the home of a family by the name of 
Hale. After getting breakfast about a camp- 
fire which they built on the bank of the 
creek, they started in a southwesterly direction 
and continued their way until they reached a 
point on the Neosho River, about a mile south 
of the place where the Frisco railroad now 
crosses the river. Here Jacob Galer laid a 
claim and lived for many years. He then 
bought what is now known as the Blincoe 
place, a mile and a half northwest of Colum- 
bus, But even then he was not satisfied, al- 
though he had moved from place to place 
enough, it would seem, to bring about a desire 
for settling down, if roving ever brings such a 



desire. The next change was when he sold 
out and moved to Washington Territory, and 
this was his last, for he died there, going out 
"seeking a better country." 

I deem it not improper here to speak of 
John McLaughlin, who, in the spring of 1867, 
settled on the northeast quarter of section 12, 
township 32, range 22, in Sheridan township, 
Cherokee County. He is mentioned here on 
account of his once being well known, a highly 
respected citizen of the county and a cultured 
gentleman, and on account of his tragic death. 
He was an Irish Presbyterian, a devout, earn- 
est Christian, a man of probity and of the 
highest integrity. At the time of his death 
he was a member of the Board of County Com- 
missioners, and in this position, as in all other 
relations of life, he displayed good judgment 
and constantly sought the best interests of the 
people. On an afternoon in the latter part of 
October, 1874, he and two sons, Willis and 
William, took a wagon and team and drove 
out to Lightning Creek, to get a load of wood. 
Prairie chickens were numerous then, and 
naturally they would take a gun, which they 
did. They were about three miles from home 
when they saw some chickens, and Willis, then 
14 years old, got out of the wagon and then 
reached back for the gun. In taking it out 
the gun was discharged, the contents entering 
his father's body. The wound was not imme- 
diately fatal, but the flow of blood was so 
great that life could not long remain. Mr. Mc- 
Laughlin, knowing that he was going to die, 
directed one of the sons to get on a horse and 
go for his wife. The boy did so, and Mrs. 
McLaughlin was brought as quickly as possi- 
ble. The wounded man, first of all, charged 
his wife never in any way to blame the son for 
what he had done; that it was purely acci- 
dental, and that he must never be made to feel 
bad about it. He then directed her what to do 

in winding up the estate, talking calmly and 
unexcitedly to the very last, and when he had 
gone over such things as he deemed it proper 
to mention he quietly and peacefully closed his 
eyes and was dead. No man could be more 
missed than John McLaughlin, either by his 
family or by those among whom he lived in the 
community ; for it is rare that one's acts and 
deeds are more disinterested and helpful than 
were his. 

Among the early settlers of Cherokee 
County no one was better known than Capt. 
Sidney S. Smith, who was elected the first 
county superintendent, in 1866. He was born 
in Trumbull County, Ohio, July 26, 182 1, and 
while yet a young man he moved to Des 
Moines County, Iowa, and later to Mahaska 
County, in that State. He was married to 
Clementine Frederick, in that county, Novem- 
ber 24, 1847. Miss Frederick was born in 
Columbiana County, Ohio, January 13, 1828. 
Captain Smith came to Cherokee County in 
1866; his family came the next year. They 
settled in the western part of Lola township, 
where they lived a short time, and then moved 
to Columbus. They had three daughters, who 
married, the oldest to W. R. Cowley, the sec- 
ond to Chester Branin, the youngest to R. C. 
Warren. Captain Smith died July 1, 1892. 
Mrs. Smith, now in her 77th year, lives in East 
Columbus, where she has an elegant home with 
her daughter, Mrs. Warren. 

Captain Smith's death was a sad one. He 
was nearly 71 years old and somewhat hard of 
hearing ; but he was so energetic as always to be 
at work. On the afternoon of July 1, 1892, he 
had taken a plow from the field to a black- 
smith shop to have it sharpened, and he was on 
his way back to the field with the plow on his 
shoulder, and he on horseback, going east 
along the south part of Columbus. The wind 



blowing a gale from the south, and he being 
partially deaf, he did not hear a train which 
was going south. The engine killed both him 
and the horse instantly. Me was so well known 
and so highly respected that his frightful death 
created wide-spread sorrow over the county. 
He had been very prominent in public affairs, 
very energetic and determined in all his pur- 
poses. It is said to be largely due to him that 
the county seat trouble, which so divided the 
people for many years, was finally settled to 
the satisfaction of a majority of the people. 

Mrs. Smith has the original election certi- 
ficate which was issued to Captain Smith when 
he was elected county superintendent. It is 
as follows : 

State of Kansas, Cherokee County, ss. 

I, William Little, County Clerk of Cherokee 
County, certify that, at an election held in the various 
townships of Cherokee County, on the 6th day of No- 
vember, 1866, Sidney S. Smith was duly elected to the 
office of superintendent of public instruction. 

Witness my hand and seal, this the l"th day of July, 

(Private Seal.) William Little, 

Co. Clerk. 

Dr. C. W. Hoag, of Weir, has handed me 
two comparatively old papers, which because of 
their association with men and things, it is 
thought proper to copy here. The first is a 
railroad pass ; the other is a commission author- 
izing him to perform the official duties of a 
justice of the peace. The railroad pass is as 
follows : 

Missouri River, Fort Scott and Gulf Railroad, 
quarterly pass. third quarter. 
June 27, 1877. 
Pass C. W. Hoag, Agent at Coalfield, from June 30, 
to September 30, 1877. 

W. L. Annette, 


The certificate of appointment and commis- 

sion, as justice of the peace, was issued by 
George T. Anthony, then Governor of the 
State. Governor Anthony, who died about 
three years ago, was a cousin of the well known 
Susan B. Anthony, who has done so much to- 
ward the enfranchisement of women. The cer- 
tificate follows : 

The State of Kansas. 
To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting : 

Know ye, that I, George T. Anthony, Governor of 
the State of Kansas, reposing special trust and confidence 
in the integrity, patriotism and abilities of C. W. Hoag, 
on behalf and in the name of the State, do hereby appoint 
and commission him Justice of the Peace of Cherokee 
Township, Cherokee County, vice Henry Lincoln, de- 
ceased, and do authorize and empower him to dis- 
charge the duties of s'aid office according to law. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto subscribed 
my name and caused to be affixed the Great Seal of the 

Done at Topeka, this 27th day of April, A. D. 

Georce T. Anthony. 
Attest : Thos. H. Cavanaugh, Secretary of State. 

Dr. Hoag says that Judge A. H. Skidmore, 
then just admitted to the bar, tried his first case 
in his court, at the old town of Stillson, soon 
after the foregoing certificate was issued. 

Col. William March, of Baxter Springs, re- 
lates a little incident of his journey when he 
first came to Kansas. It was in September, 
1869. At that time the Missouri River, Fort 
Scott & Gulf Railroad had not reached Fort 
Scott. Pleasanton was its southern terminus. 
Colonel March traveled by stage from that 
place to Baxter Springs. Between Fort Scott 
and Baxter Springs there was what was then 
known as "The Halfway House," a mere cabin 
on the prairie, where the stage horses were 
changed, and where passengers might get din- 
ner. There were several on the stage that day, 
and among them two or three ladies. The ride 
over the prairie gave all good appetites, and a 
number described what they would like to have- 



for dinner. Colonel March said he would like 
to have fried chicken, brown gravy, hot biscuits 
and good, strong coffee. When they arrived 
at the cabin and went in to sit down at the table, 
there was just such a dinner as he had de- 
scribed, including every detail. Colonel March 
has never yet determined whether "the woman 
of the house" had a mental message from him 
or not ; but he knows that he got what he 

The following story is told by Cyrus W. 
Harvey, concerning the manner in which the 
Varck post office got its name : 

The people of Quaker Valley wanted a post 
office established in their neighborhood. There 
was an old, somewhat influential man living at 
Baxter Springs. He was known as "Dad Var- 
rick." Through him a petition was sent on to 
Washington and placed in the hands of Dudley 
C. Haskell, a Member of Congress from this 
State. Haskell took the petition to the Fourth 
Assistant Postmaster General. The two talked 
over the matter, and in looking over the papers 
found that the people had recommended that 
the office be called Varrick; but it seems that, 
even then, the Department was in favor of mak- 
ing names of post offices as short as possible; 
names having but one syllable being preferred 
to longer ones. In this instance it was agreed 
that Varrick should be cut down to Varck, and 
so it remains to this day. 

In a way, or for good reasons, Cherokee 
County lays some claim to Eugene F. Ware, at 
present the United States Commissioner of 
Pensions. Mr. Ware, when a very young man, 
settled in what is now Ross township. Various 
stories are related of his early struggles. He 
took a claim, and it is certain that he lived much 
as other people lived here in those days. It is 
said that he broke prairie with a large plow 

drawn by ox teams, and that he often came to 
town in an ox wagon, and that he sometimes 
came barefooted. Others say that he did not go 
barefooted, in public ; but it is admitted that he 
was a sturdy plowman, and that he never 
shunned hard work. Mr. Ware was a close 
student while he was working on his farm, and 
it was not long until he quit tilling the soil, 
studied law and was admitted to the bar. But 
he liked other things also. He had a vivid im- 
agination, loved literature and sometimes wrote 
poetry, some of which is unexcelled. Here is 
his poem, — "The Washerwoman's Song," — 
which, with other poems, was published in a 
little book, "The Iron Quill," which has given 
the author more than local fame : 

In a very humble cot, 
In a rather quiet spot, 
In the suds and in the soap, 
Worked a woman, full of hope; 
Working, singing, all alone 
In a sort of undertone, 
"With a Savior for a friend, 
He will keep me to the end." 

Sometimes happening along, 
I had heard the semi-song, 
And I often used to smile, 
More in sympathy than guile ; 
But I never said a word 
In regard to what I heard, 
As she sang about her Friend 
Who would keep her to the end. 

Not in sorrow nor in glee 
Working all day long was she. 
As her children, three or four. 
Played around her on the floor ; 
But in monotones the song 
She was humming all day long, 
"With the Savior for a friend, 
He will keep me to the end." 

It's a song I do not sing, 
For I scarce believe a thing 
Of the stories that are told 
Of the miracles of old; 
But I know that her belief 
Is the anodyne of grief, 
And will always be a friend 
That will keep her to the end. 



Just a trifle lonesome she, 
Just as poor as poor could be, 
But her spirit always rose, 
Like the bubbles in the clothes., 
And though widowed and alone, 
Cheered her with the monotone, 
Of "a Savior and a friend" 
Who would keep her to the end. 

I have seen her rub and scrub, 
On the washboard, in the tub, 
While the baby soaped in suds, 
Rolled and tumbled in the duds ; 
Or was paddling in the pools, 
With old scissors stuck in spools; 
She still humming of her Friend 
Who would keep her to the end. 

Human hopes and human creeds 
Have their roots' in human needs ; 
And I would not wish to strip 
From this washerwoman's lip 
Any song that she can sing, 
Any hope that songs can bring; 
For the woman has a Friend 
Who will keep her to the end. 

It has been said that this poem, when read 
by Theodore Roosevelt, some years before he 
became President of the United States, touched 
a tender spot in his "strenuous" nature, and 
that through it he was led to seek Mr. Ware's 
acquaintace. The acquaintance ripened into a 
close friendship, and afterward, when there 
was a vacancy, and the appointing power had 
come to him, he made Mr. Ware his commis- 
sioner of pensions. The appointment, though 
it may have been made through the following 

of a sentiment, was prompted by good business 
judgment, and the people, particularly those of 
Kansas, have given it thorough approval. 

I think that here should be given a fitting 
tribute to the memory of an unpretentious old 
man who recently departed this life, at the city 
of Columbus, at a very advanced age. George 
C. Bailey was born in Fort McHenry, near the 
city of Baltimore, Maryland, June 17, 181 1, 
and he died at Columbus, Kansas, August 9, 
1904. He was an old-time gentleman, quiet 
of manner, rugged, of industrious habits and 
courteous in his demeanor toward others. He 
did not possess much of this world's goods, but 
he had a proud spirit, and an ambition never to 
be in any way dependent. Toward midnight, 
August 9, 1904, an old clock, which had been 
keeping him time for 73 years, was ticking 
away the seconds in the quiet room, when he 
turned his face to his daughter-in-law and said : 
"Mary, what time is it ?" She told him that it 
was 10 minutes to 12. Then he said : "I guess 
I shall be going soon, for I think I have stayed 
long enough." Then he was quiet for a while, 
but breathing and yet in his mind, until the 
faithful old clock chimed the hour of "low 
twelve," and then all was over and the more 
than 93 years of the spirit's lingering here was 
at an end, and it was free to go elsewhere, into 
the beauties and glories of the higher life. 

■*&t & 


Representative Citizens 

Governor of Kansas and a distin- 
guished lawyer, whose portrait ac- 
companies this sketch, lias a beautiful 
country home in section 6, township 35, range 
25, in Garden township, Cherokee County, 
Kansas. He was born in Lawrence County, 
Indiana, near Bedford, April 10, 1835, and is a 
son of William and Jane (Morrow) Crawford. 
Mr. Crawford's ancestors were Scotch- 
Irish and came to America at an early period 
in the colonial days. His paternal grandfather 
served in the Revolution as a soldier from 
North Carolina, and his maternal grandfather 
was a planter in the same State. His father, 
William Crawford, migrated to Indiana in 
181 5, when it was a Territory, locating in Law- 
rence County, where he successfully farmed. 
Although he was born, reared and educated in 
a slave State, he had an unconquerable preju- 
dice to the institution of slavery, and therefore 
sought a home in the territory northwest of the 
Ohio, where slavery and involuntary servitude 
had been forever prohibited. 

Samuel J. Crawford was reared on his 
father's farm and attended the common schools 
and also an academy at Bedford. At the age 
of 21 years, he became a student-at-law in the 
office of Hon. S. W. Short of Bedford, Indiana, 
where he continued until the fall of 1857, when 
he entered the Law School of Cincinnati Col- 
lege, from which he was graduated in 1858. 

In March, 1859, he came to Kansas Territory 
and located at Garnett, the county seat of An- 
derson County, where he engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession. He was elected a mem- 
ber of the first State Legislature, convened at 
Topeka, March 27, 1861. The swiftly follow- 
ing- events of secession thrilled loval Kansas 
to the very core, and Mr. Crawford, respond- 
ing to the call of President Lincoln in 1861 for 
75,000 volunteers, resigned his seat in the Leg- 
islature, returned home and recruited a com- 
pany, of which he was chosen captain. This 
company, designated as Company E. was as- 
signed to the 2d Regiment, Kansas Vol. Inf., 
and mustered into the United States service. 
He participated under gallant General Lyon in 
the battle of Wilson's Creek and various other 
battles of the campaign in Missouri fought dur- 
ing the summer of 1861. As it had suffered 
severe losses, the regiment was ordered home 
to Kansas and reorganized in the winter of 
1861-62 as the 2d Regiment, Kansas Vol. Cav. 
Captain Crawford was assigned to command of 
Company A and was soon thereafter given 
command of a battalion. He participated with 
the regiment in the battles of Newtonia, Old 
Fort Wayne, Cane Hill, Prairie Grove and 
other engagements fought by General Blunt 
during the Trans-Mississippi campaign of 
1862. In these engagements he developed ex- 
traordinary ability as a cavalry leader and was 
complimented in general orders for his gallant 



services at Old Fort Wayne, Cane Hill and 
Prairie Grove. In March, 1863, although hold- 
ing the rank of captain, he was assigned to 
command of the 2d Regiment, Kansas Vol. 
Caw, and led the regiment in the campaign of 
that year through the Indian Territory and 
Western Arkansas, which resulted in the en- 
gagements at Perryville, Backbone Mountain 
and the capture of Fort Smith by the Federals. 
The 2d Regiment covered itself with glory in 
these memorable campaigns. In October, 

1863, Captain Crawford was promoted colonel 
of the 83d United States Colored Infantry and 
with his regiment accompanied General Steele 
on the Shreveport (Louisiana) expedition, 
which moved southward in March, 1864, from 
Fort Smith and Little Rock and co-operated 
with General Banks in his Red River campaign, 
participating in the battles of Prairie D'Ane 
and Saline River. At the latter engagement 
Colonel Crawford charged and captured a bat- 
tery, which his men brought off by hand, their 
horses having been killed or disabled. After 
this battle he returned with the 7th Army Corps 
to Little Rock, and thence, with the Kansas 
Division under the command of General 
Thayer, to Fort Smith, Arkansas. In July. 

1864, Colonel Crawford commanded an expe- 
dition that was sent into the Choctaw Nation 
in pursuit of the Rebel general, Standwattie, 
whom he routed. 

On September 8, 1864. Colonel Crawford 
was nominated as Republican candidate for 
Governor of Kansas. Obtaining leave of ab- 
sence, he returned to Kansas, arriving at Fort 
Scott on October. 9th. There he learned that 
a heavy body of Rebels under General Price 
was moving westward through Central Mis- 
souri with the design of devastating Kansas. 
He hastened to Kansas City, arriving there 
October 17th, reported to General Curtis, com- 
manding the Federal forces there assembling 
to resist General Price, and was assigned to 

duty as a volunteer aide. A few days later the 
battle of the Blue, Westport and Mine creeks 
were fought, and at the last named engagement 
Colonel Crawford ordered and participated in 
a charge of two brigades of cavalry that re- 
sulted in capturing the Confederate generals. 
Marmaduke and Cabell, 500 prisoners and 
eight pieces of artillery. This battle closed his 
military career in the Civil War, having partici- 
pated in all battles fought west of the Missis- 
sippi River, with the exception of Pea Ridge. 
On April 13, 1865, he was promoted by the 
President of the United States to the rank of 
brigadier-general, by brevet, for meritorious 
services in the field. 

On November 7, 1864, General Crawford 
was elected Governor, and in 1866 was chosen 
for a second term. Governor Crawford and his 
friend, Governor Holbrook, of Vermont, are 
the only two of the war Governors that now 
survive. During his service as Governor, he 
reorganized and consolidated the volunteer reg- 
iments in Kansas and secured the enactment of 
new laws under which the State militia was 
placed on a sure footing for the protection of 
the people against Rebel invasions and Indian 
incursions. He devoted much of his time to 
the establishment and maintenance of the vari- 
ous State institutions and on his retirement 
from office left the Deaf, Mute, Blind and In- 
sane asylums, the State University, the Agri- 
cultural College and the State Normal School 
in successful operation. 

During 1867-68 hostile bands of Indians 
hovered on the borders of Kansas, driving back 
the incoming settlers, checking the construction 
of railroads and threatening to cut off com- 
munication between Kansas and the Western 
States and Territories. For two years an In- 
dian war of savage barbarity was carried on. 
Many settlers were killed and scalped, prop- 
1 erty destroyed, women and children outraged 
and others carried into captivity to suffer a fate 


worse than a thousand deaths. The Federal 
forces stationed on the border, and State troops 
furnished by Governor Crawford proved in- 
adequate. The Indians followed their usual 
custom of making' war during the summer 
months and then retreated to their homes in 
the Indian Territory to be clothed, fed and 
nurtured by the government in the winter. 
Finally, as a culmination of the Indian out- 
rages, in August, 1868, the settlements of 
Northwestern Kansas were raided by Indians, 
who killed and wounded some forty persons, 
carried women into captivity and committed 
other atrocities. When the terrible details of 
this last massacre reached Governor Crawford's 
ears, he proceeded at once to the scene of dis- 
aster, saw that the dead were properly buried 
and the wounded cared for, then returned to 
Topeka, organized the 19th Regiment, Kansas 
Vol. Caw, resigned his office as Governor, and 
with his regiment accompanied Custer, then 
lieutenant-colonel of the 7th United States Cav- 
alry, the whole force being under the command 
of General Philip H. Sheridan, on the historic 
campaign into the interior of the wild country 
bordering on Texas, where the hostile tribes 
had always felt secure from punishment during 
the winter seasons. These Indians were at- 
tacked and defeated in the Washitaw Valley, in 
what is now Oklahoma Territory, in December, 
1868, and several of the chiefs held as hostages 
until the captive white women were delivered 

Governor Crawford returned home after 
the campaign and practiced law in Topeka. 
For many years he has been attorney for the 
Indians, and many interesting notes may be 
found in the State Historical Library, in his 
briefs. Governor Crawford is of imposing 
presence, standing six feet two inches in height, 
of Herculean form, symmetrically propor- 
tioned, and has a pair of shoulders that Atlas 
might fairly envy. He has a handsome resi- 

dence at Washington, and also one at Topeka. 
His summer home is a quarter section of land 
in Garden township, Cherokee County, inter- 
sected by Spring River. It is beautifully sit- 
uated on a hill in the southwestern part of the 
township, one mile north of the Indian Terri- 
tory, and from its elevation can be seen the 
Court House at Columbus and the beautiful 
fields between. He has his farm well stocked 
with standard animals, in which he takes a 
pride, and also has set out a good peach 

On November 2j, 1866, General Crawford 
was united in marriage with Isabel M. Chase, 
an estimable and accomplished lady of Topeka, 
daughter of Enoch and Mary Chase of Massa- 
chusetts, where she was born. Her father was 
a large ship-builder of Newburyport, Massa- 
chusetts, on the Merrimac, and when he came 
to Kansas was one of the original five men win; 
laid out the town of Topeka, where both he and 
his wife died. Our subject and his wife became 
the parents of two children, as follows: Flor- 
ence, wife of Arthur Capper, proprietor of the 
Topeka Capital; and George, a graduate "i 
Yale and at the present time proprietor of a 
large printing house at Topeka, publishing the 
Mail and Breeze. He married Hortense Kelly, 
a daughter of Bernard Kelly, who was chaplain 
in the army, and to them were born two chil- 
dren : George Marshall and Isabel. 

EORGE W. WALKER, M. D.. is a 
prominent practitioner of medicine 
at Melrose, Cherokee County, and is 
well known to the citizens of the 
county, among whom he has lived for many 
years. He was born on a farm near Lincoln, 
Logan County, Illinois, April 13, 1855, and is 
a son of John and Permelia (Ewing) Walker. 
John Walker was born in North Carolina 



in 1823, and when a boy went to Illinois with 
his parents, overland, being a pioneer of Logan 
County. He died there at the age of 34 years, 
when George W. was two years of age. He 
was a farmer by occupation. His wife was 
born in Moultrie County, Illinois, in 1828, and 
died in Logan County in January, 1894. 

Dr. Walker was reared on a farm and at- 
tended the common schools until 1874, when he 
entered Lincoln University, at Lincoln, Illinois. 
His college course was interrupted for one year, 
during which time he engaged in teaching, and 
in 1880 he was graduated with the degree of 
A. B. He then taught school for a year, and in 
iSSi went to Oregon. Washington and Colo- 
rado with the primary object of seeing some- 
what of this great country. During his stay 
in the West, he was engaged in shipping grain. 
In 1882 he returned to Illinois, where he taught 
school until 1884. Then he came to Cherokee 
County, and taught school at Blue Mound for 
four years. In 1888 he was elected superin- 
tendent of the Weir City schools, and in 1890. 
superintendent of the city schools of Columbus. 
In that year he was a candidate on the Republi- 
can ticket, for county superintendent of schools, 
but was defeated by the candidate on the Alli- 
ance ticket. He was again the choice of his 
party for that office in 1894, but withdrew in 
favor of Edward Herod, who was elected. The 
subject of this sketch continued as superintend- 
ent of the Columbus schools until 1894. when 
he resigned to prepare for the medical profes- 
sion. He entered the medical department of 
the U/niversity of Kentucky at Louisville, 
and was graduated from that institution in 
1897, with the degree of M. D. In April. 1897, 
he opened an office at Baxter Springs, and in 
the following June removed to Melrose, where 
he has since practiced with a high degree of 
success. He owns a farm of 40 acres one and 
a quarter miles west of Melrose, in Neosho 

township, and also has city property, and is a 
man of high standing in the community. 

In 1888, Dr. Walker was joined in mar- 
riage with Julia A. Atchison, a native of De- 
catur, Illinois, who died in 1890. at the early 
age of 25 years, leaving one son, Clarence E., 
who lives at Decatur, Illinois,. In 1900, the 
Doctor formed a second matrimonial alliance, 
wedding Julia A. Wise, a native of Kansas, and 
they have two daughters, — Permelia M. and 
Roberta. While attending college in Illinois, 
Dr. Walker united with the Presbyterian 
Church, of which he has since been a faithful 
member. Fraternally, he is a Master Mason ; 
a member of the Knights of Pythias ; Modern 
Woodmen of America ; Home Builders Union ; 
and Woodmen of the World. 

The maternal ancestors of Mr. Skid- 
more were hardy Highlanders of 
Scotland, and those on the paternal 
side were of Scotch-Irish descent. At the be- 
ginning of his life, he was by nature well equip- 
ped for battling with the obstacles which one 
meets in the struggle for success, and his pa- 
tience, vigilance and perseverance have enabled 
him, by his own efforts, to succeed in every un- 
dertaking in which he has engaged. 

Judge Skidmore was born in Randolph 
County, Virginia, now West Virginia, Febru- 
ary 14, 1855. While he was yet a boy, his par- 
ents moved to Illinois, where the family lived 
on a farm. He obtained such mental training as 
the country schools at that time afforded. After 
teaching one year, he spent 1874 and 1875 m 
the law department of the University of Michi- 
gan at Ann Arbor, and on September 14, 1876. 
he was admitted to the bar, before the Supreme 
Court of Illinois at Ottawa. Believing that 



the boundless West afforded better opportuni- 
ties for advancement in the profession of the 
law, he came to Kansas, and on November 14, 
1876, opened an office in Columbus. Here he 
continued in the practice of the law uninter- 
ruptedly until he was elected to the bench of the 
Eleventh Judicial District of Kansas, in 1894. 
He was reelected in 1898. After he had served 
eight years on the bench, he resumed his gen- 
eral practice, in 1893. 

While occupying the position of judge of 
the Eleventh Judicial District, Judge Skidmore 
was fair in his rulings, considerate toward the 
less fortunate, fearless in the discharge of his 
duty, and yet prudent in the application of the 
law. His course was noted for the energy he 
displayed, his economical manner of conduct- 
ing the business of the court, the general fair- 
ness he extended to all., and his clear, concise 
decisions in disposing of the legal questions 
which came before him. For the first six years 
of his service, the district was large, including 
Cherokee, Labette and Montgomery counties. 
Naturally there were many closely contested 
cases, and as a matter of course, many appeals 
to the Supreme Court. The records of that 
court show fewer reversals of the decisions of 
Judge Skidmore than of those of any other 
judge in the State of Kansas, for a similar 
period and in a like number of appeals. While 
he always presided over the court with becom- 
ing dignity, he was constantly courteous to at- 
torneys, and kindly in his treatment of every 
class of litigants that sought the benefits of a 
just administration of the law. The result was 
that when he retired from the bench, he did so 
with the good will of the members of the bar, 
and of all his constituents, regardless of party 

In 1902 Judge Skidmore erected a fine, 
brick office building, on the northwest corner of 
the square, in Columbus, where, as senior mem- 
ber of the firm of Skidmore & Walker, he now 

has his office, and is engaged in a lucrative 
practice. He stands in the front rank of his 
profession, being a safe counsellor, careful in 
the preparation of the cases put into his hands, 
expert in trial proceedings, and always loyal 
to his clients. He is a logical reasoner and an 
able advocate. 

Judge Skidmore resides with his family in 
the suburbs of Columbus, where they have a 
beautiful, well appointed home, and where they 
live in the enjoyment of the fruits of his well 
directed efforts in life. 

The subject of this sketch married Alice 
M. Allen, who was born in Wisconsin, and ac- 
companied her father, the late Gilbert Allen, 
to Cherokee County, in 1875. He was engaged 
in the coal business, and was also the owner of 
a large body of land. His death took place in 
1902, at the age of 84 years. Four children 
have been born to Judge Skidmore and his 
wife, namely : Mrs. Daisy A. Dillard, of Cher- 
okee; Etta May, wife of James C. Broadley, 
cashier of the Bank of Weir City ; Andrew 
Allen, who is attending school; and Hazel B., 
who died, aged four years. 

Politically, Judge Skidmore is an active 
Republican. He has been chairman of the Re- 
publican County Central Committee, and has 
taken a prominent part in public affairs for 
many years. Fraternally he is a Mason and 
Knight Templar, and belongs also to the 
Knights of Pythias, the Ancient Order of Uni- 
ted Workmen, and the Modern Woodmen of 

A. SCAMMON, M. D., whose long 
and honorable professional life of 34 
years has made him known to almost 
every resident of Columbus. Kansas. 
was born at Saco. Maine, and is a son of Luther 
and Rhoda (Carter) Scammon. 

Luther Scammon moved with his family 



from Maine to Illinois, in 1845, an d settled in 
Bureau County. In 1876 he came to Cherokee 
County, Kansas, where he died in 1878, aged 
70 years. His widow survived until 1896, dy- 
ing when 88 years old. The family consisted 
of four sons and one daughter, viz : E. A. ; S. 
F.. who died in July, 1902, having settled on a 
farm near Scammon, Cherokee County, in July, 
1872, and being also the owner of large coal 
interests; E. C, now a resident of Columbus, 
who was formerly in the coal business, and 
served one term as treasurer of Cherokee Coun- 
ty, and two terms as a member of the Legisla- 
ture from the northern district of the county; 
W. L., who resides in the vicinity of Cherokee; 
and Mrs. Hoover, who is the widowed mother 
of Ex-County Treasurer Frank Hoover. 

Dr. Scammon was reared and educated in 
Illinois; he attended the Dover Academy at 
Dover, Bureau County, before going to the 
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, where 
he pursued his medical studies during the win- 
ters of 1864 and 1865, and was graduated there 
in medicine, in 1867. He settled at Arlington. 
Illinois, for practice, but two years later, in 
December, 1869, lie removed to Columbus, 
Kansas, where he has made his home ever since. 
In January, 1870, he opened a drug store, 
which was the first drug store ever opened in 
Columbus. This he sold in two years. In 1888 
he began to restrict his work to office practice, 
and opened another drug store, which he sold 
in 1902, and is now practically retired. Aside 
from his profession, he has been interested in 
other lines, and still continues his connection 
with coal lands, having been formerly engaged 
in the coal business with his brothers. Dr. 
Scammon is one of the county's substantial 
men, who has always shown much public spirit 
and enterprise. His beautiful home, built on a 
choice location and in the midst of a plat of 1 5 
acres, is one of the finest in the city. 

Dr. Scammon was married in Columbus. 

Kansas, to Lida Snevely, who was born in 
Ohio, and is a daughter of Dr. Snevely, who 
became a prominent physician in Indiana, 
where Mrs. Scammon's kindred are now lo- 
cated. The two children of Dr. and Mrs. 
Scammon are : Mrs. F. D. Crowell, whose hus- 
band has charge of tne electric lights of Colum- 
bus; and Harold, a youth of 12 years, who is 
at school. Dr. and Mrs. Scammon attend the 
Presbyterian Church. 

Politically, Dr. Scammon is a Democrat. 
He has accepted few political favors, his pro- 
fession and his coal interests having absorbed 
his time and attention to a great degree. He 
accepted, however, the appointment of State 
mine inspector, tendered him by Governor 
Glick, being the first incumbent of the office 
under the law creating it. At that time the 
office was no sinecure, none of the later regula- 
tions being then in force and many of the pres- 
ent safety devices and inventions in modern 
machinery having hardly been thought of. 
These in combination render the work at pres- 
ent almost perfunctory. Dr. Scammon has 
been interested in the growth of the various 
medical societies in the State, and retains his 
membership with the Southeastern Kansas and 
the State medical societies. He has lived a 
very useful and active life, having achieved 
success both in business and in his profession, 
and now commands the respect and enjoys the 
esteem of his fellow citizens. 


CROWELL, president of the Colum- 
bus Electric Company of Columbus. 
Kansas, has been a citizen and 
resident of Cherokee County since 1871. 
He was born in Rahway, New Jersey, on 
the 25th of September, 1837, and was edu- 
cated in that city and in Philadelphia. He 



became a student at law in the office of Judge 
M. Russell Thayer, of Philadelphia, in 1855 
and was admitted to the bar in 1859. 

Coming West in 1861 to visit a brother 
then living in Osage County, Missouri, Mr. 
Crowell remained there taking charge of his 
brother's business during the four years of the 
Civil War. The brother. R. C. Crowell, en- 
tered the army and was mustered out as major 
of the 26th Regiment, Missouri Vol. Inf., at 
the close of the war. H. R. Crowell was com- 
missioned as the organizer and member of the 
Western Sanitary Commission for Osage Coun- 
ty and spent a good part of his time in provid- 
ing and forwarding hospital and sanitary stores 
for the wounded of the Union Army. 

After the war, Mr. Crowell and his brother 
engaged in the forwarding and commission 
business in Kansas City, Missouri, under the 
name of R. C. Crowell & Company and contin- 
ued in this business along the line of the old 
Missouri River, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad 
until that line reached Baxter Springs, Kansas. 
At that time the forwarding business from rail- 
way terminals was of great importance. The 
firm had a large and profitable business for 
some years. 

In June, 1871, Mr. Crowell moved to Bax- 
ter Springs, where he remained about 20 years, 
engaged in various lines of business, chiefly 
banking. He was vice-president and after- 
wards acting president of the First National 
Bank of Baxter Springs and finally closed out 
its business and established a private banking 
house. This bank was afterwards incorporated 
as the Baxter Bank and the business was con- 
tinued until 1890, when Mr. Crowell finally 
sold out and moved to Columbus, where he 
established a bank. He withdrew from the 
banking business in 1894, selling to J. E. Tut- 
ton, now the active president of the Columbus 
State Bank. Mr. Crowell and others incorpo- 
rated the Columbus Electric Company in 1893, 

and he has in connection with his two sons 
Arthur and Frederick been actively engaged 
in supplying the city of Columbus with light 
and power since that time. The business is now 
managed by his son Frederick, and Mr. Crowell 
is withdrawing from any active participation 
in business affairs. 

In politics Mr. Crowell is a Republican, 
having served two terms as mayor of Baxter 
Springs and one term as a member of the Leg- 
islature from the southern district of the coun- 
ty. He is a member and elder of the Presby- 
terian Church of Columbus. 

OHN \Y. SPENCER, a well known 
citizen of Columbus, and an extensive 
coal operator in Cherokee County, lias 
been identified with this section of 
country since 1869. He was born in 1840 in 
Washington County, Illinois, where his parents 

Mr. Spencer is not the only member of his 
family to come to Kansas, a sister also finding 
a home here, and two brothers, C. A. and D. A., 
now being residents of Wichita. 

The subject of this sketch was reared on his 
father's farm in Washington County, and first 
attended the local schools, and later, Lebanon 
College, and the institution at Marshall, Illi- 
nois, again returning to Lebanon. While at 
this college, in December, 1863, he enlisted in 
the Union Army and served about 18 months. 
or until the close of the war, as a member of 
Company D, 13th Reg., Illinois Vol. Caw. his 
field of activity being in Arkansas. Good for- 
tune followed him. and he returned to Illionis 
without serious injury, at the close of his serv- 
ice. His location in Cherokee County was 
something in the nature of an accident, as he 
came here first only as a visitor to see his sister. 
He liked the country, saw what possibilities the 



fertile soil and rolling prairie offered to the 
farmer and stock-raiser, and decided to make 
a permanent home here. He located two miles 
north of Hallowell, taking up a claim and buy- 
ing others, until he soon owned 1,000 acres in 
claims. This was all originally Indian land, 
held by the railroad companies. 

Mr. Spencer developed 480 acres of this 
land and operated it extensively in farming 
and stock-raising for about 20 years. He sold 
it about four years ago to W. J. Moore, since 
which time he has given his attention exclu- 
sively to the coal business. He operates as the 
Columbus Coal Company, incorporated in 1881, 
which owns two of the mines in the Cherokee 
district, while he is privately interested in two 
additional mines. He has actively promoted 
three coal companies. Mr. Spencer has, at 
various times, owned lead and zinc interests, 
and is at present interested in silver and lead 
mines in Colorado. 

In December, 1869, Mr. Spencer was mar- 
ried to Ambrosia E. Favor, who was born in 
McHenry County, Illinois, and came to Kan- 
sas in 1868. Her brother, P. M. Favor, who 
died some years ago, was then a merchant at 
Sherman City, and later, in partnership with 
Mr. Spencer, conducted a hardware store at 
Columbus. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer have two 
children, — Charles F. and Lyda Ambrosia. 
The former was born in December, 1872, in 
Cherokee County ; he was reared at Columbus, 
attended the city schools, and then became clerk 
for the Columbus Coal Company, of which he 
is now superintendent. He is a very reliable 
young man. and formerly took charge, for a 
year, of the Fidelity Coal Company, at Fidelity. 
He then returned to take charge of the new 
shaft of the Columbus Coal Company. He 
married Clara Hughes, and they have two 
sons, — Harold Hughes and Kenneth Aldridge. 
Lyda Ambrosia Spencer was born July 8, 
1884; she graduated from the Cherokee County 

High School in the spring of 1903, and is now 
attending the State University at Lawrence, 

Mrs. Spencer was born in McHenry Coun- 
ty. Illinois, in 1841, and is a daughter of Jona- 
than and Mary M. (Pingry) Favor, who re- 
moved in 1854 to Vernon County, Wisconsin. 
Mrs. Spencer is a thoroughly educated lady, 
and prior to her marriage taught 2$ terms of 
school in Wisconsin, two terms in Iowa, and 
one in Kansas. She was one of a family of 
five sons and six daughters. 

In political views, Mr. Spencer is a Repub- 
lican and Prohibitionist, and has served on 
the School Board and in the City Council. 
Mr. Spencer and his wife and family belong to 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. They have 
many pleasant social connections in Columbus, 
and are considered representatives of the best 
educated and most refined element of the city. 

10HN LANE MYERS, an esteemed 
resident of Cherokee township, was 
born in 1854 in Pennsylvania, where 
he lived until he was 24 years of age. 
Farming was his chosen occupation. In 1878 
he came with his parents to Kansas, and settled 
on a quarter section of land in Cherokee town- 
ship. Cherokee County, near which he now 
lives. His present home consists of 160 acres 
of fine land, which formerly belonged to his 
wife*s father, who had. among the early Kan- 
sas settlers, chosen it for a home. 

Martin Myers, the father of the subject of 
this sketch, was born in 1 8 1 8. in Blair County, 
Pennsylvania, and died at the old home in Kan- 
sas at the age of 79 years. During his lifetime 
he followed the occupation of farming. His 
wife, also a native of Blair County, died at the 
old home in 1897. 

John Lane Myers is one of a family of 1 1 

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WE "„.,*'' 1 i~* ^H 



22 X 

children born to his parents, seven of whom are 
still living, as follows: Sarah J. (Mrs. W. T. 
Ferguson), of Cherokee township; Dillie (Mrs. 
Alonzo M. Duncan), who also lives in Chero- 
kee township; Emeline (Mrs. William C. 
Helm), who lives in Armstrong County, Penn- 
sylvania; John Lane; Maria M. (Mrs. John 
Cloak), of Armstrong County, Pennsylvania: 
Caroline (Mrs. Charles C. Holler), of Kansas; 
and Annie (Mrs. Henry Helm), of Weir City, 

Mr. Myers was married in 1881 to Tillie 
E. Smithpeter, who was born in Tennessee and 
is one of nine children constituting the family 
of her parents, John and Sarah ( Cable) Smith- 
peter. She has one brother now living, James 
S., a resident of Galena, Cherokee County, and 
three sisters, — Nancy, wife of Anthony Gilten- 
mier, living in Chicopee, Kansas; Mary, who 
married a Mr. Miles; and Sarah, wife of Wal- 
ter O. Manley. Mrs. Myers's father came to 
Kansas from Iowa in 1870 and settled on 
"Joy" land, which he afterward bought. His 
death occurred in 1892, at the age of 78 years, 
and his wife died five years later, at the same 
age. Mr. and Mrs. Myers have nine children, 
all born in Cherokee township. Cherokee Coun- 
ty, as follows : Arthur M., Lizzie S., Anna L., 
Ella, Ethel. Bertha, Leona, Clara and Jewell 

In the splendid development which has come 
to Cherokee County Mr. and Mrs. Myers and 
their several connections have played a helpful 
part. Their citizenship is of that sterling char- 
acter which looks upon no sacrifice as too great 
which lias for its object the uplifting of human- 
ity about them. From the earliest day, schools, 
churches, good roads and good government 
have in turn commanded the full and hearty 
support of these different members of the fam- 
ily, and they are now able to rejoice with good 
consciences at the unmistakable evidences of a 
high type of Christian civilization, which con- 

front them on every side. Mr. Myers takes but 
little interest in politics as such, but is careful 
on election day to support by his vote the prin- 
ciples enunciated by the Republican platform. 
A progressive and up-to-date farmer, a 
loyal and patriotic citizen, and a courteous 
Christian gentleman, Mr. Myers merits the 
high measure of esteem in which he is held by 
all classes in the county. 

mer mayor of Columbus, ex-Probate 
judge of Cherokee County, and one 
of the leading attorneys in this sec- 
tion of the State, whose portrait accompanies 
this sketch, was born in 1844 in Ogle County, 
Illinois, and is a son of Michael and Margaret 
J. Cheshire. 

The family is of English extraction, and, as 
the name indicates, at one time probably owned 
large estates in the shire of Chester. Early 
in the settlement of Virginia, this family was 
represented. The father of Judge Cheshire was 
born in Virginia, and in 1839 removed to Ogle 
County, Illinois, where he resided for more 
than 60 years, becoming prominent and wealthy 
as a farmer and stockman. In early life a 
Whig, he later adopted the principles of the 
Republican party. His death occurred in Jan- 
uary, 1903, at the age of 87 years. On the 
maternal side, Judge Cheshire is of Scotch ex- 
traction, his mother being a McAllister. She 
was born in Ireland in 1823. Her father mi- 
grated to Canada at an early day, but died lx?- 
fore his family joined him. The mother and 
her children came to America in 1836, but she 
died shortly afterward, and the children were 
reared by strangers. Of the five children born 
to his parents, Judge Cheshire is the eldest of 
the three survivors ; the other two are living in 



The subject of this sketch was reared in 
Ogle County, his boyhood being passed on his 
father's farm. He was favored with school 
privileges and attended a seminary of local 
note, at Mount Morris. Later he read law, 
and took a special course of two years at Har- 
vard University. In 1881 he was admitted 
to practice in the courts of Illinois by the Su- 
preme Court, being examined before the Appel- 
late Court at Ottawa. After a practice of two 
years at Oregon, Ogle County, he went to 
Colorado, but not finding conditions there 
favorable for success in his profession, he came 
to Kansas and finally located in Cherokee 
County, where he soon entered actively into 
politics. In 1886 he was nominated by the 
Democratic party for the office of county attor- 
ney, and in 1887 he was elected mayor of 
Columbus, to which office he was subsequently 
re-elected. It was during the second year of 
his administration that occurred his noble ap- 
peal for law and order, which resulted in the 
suppression of mob violence in connection with 
the arrest of two desperadoes, William and 
John Blalack, of Columbus. When popular 
indignation had reached such a height that it 
seemed almost impossible to save the lives of 
the wretched men, Mayor, Cheshire mounted a 
convenient wagon in the street, and delivered 
an impassioned address calling upon the law- 
abiding citizens to avoid violence, and to en- 
trust the prisoners to the care of the sheriff. 
It is still remembered that Mayor Cheshire 
thus placed his own life in jeopardy in the inter- 
ests of law and justice. 

In 1892 he was elected a member of the 
Columbus Board of Education and served four 
years, — two years as its president. In 1894 
he was again his party's candidate for county 
attorney. In 1900 he was elected Probate 
judge of Cherokee County, and served from 
January 13, 1901, to January 13, 1903. He 
was defeated for re-election by only 300 votes, 

his former majority having been 600. He has 
served as chairman of the Democratic Con- 
gressional Committee for two years, and on sev- 
eral occasions and for various periods has 
served on the Democratic County Central Com- 

Judge Cheshire has been twice married, — 
first, in 1869, in Western New York, to Emma 
J. Bartholomew, a native of New York, who 
died in 1876, aged 28 years. She left one 
daughter, Mrs. Viola F. Brown, born in 1870, 
who died in 1897. Airs. Brown left twin 
daughters who live with their father in West- 
ern Iowa. In 1884 Judge Cheshire married 
Sarah E. White, who was born in Rhode 
Island. They have three daughters, viz : Mary 
M., Hilah G. and Minerva White, all of whom 
are attending school. The family home is a 
handsome residence which Judge Cheshire 
erected in the outskirts of Columbus, near the 
Cherokee County High School building. In 
addition to this valuable property, he owns 
other property in the city and vicinity. 

Judge Cheshire has always been public 
spirited, and has done much to promote the 
progress of the county, and for the advance- 
ment of the city's welfare. He was chairman 
of the committee of five appointed by the Com- 
mercial Club of Columbus to secure for the city 
the Cherokee County High School. On this 
board he rendered most efficient service, and 
much credit is due to him for advancing and 
fostering the idea which culminated in secur- 
ing to the city and county the magnificent insti- 
tution above named. He wrote and delivered, 
before the Commercial Club, of which he was 
a charter member and which he has served as 
chairman, a general address in favor of the 
location and erection of a county high school at 
Columbus. An issue of 5,000 copies was dis- 
tributed in pahphlet form, the perusal of which 
by the voters led ultimately to the calling of 
a general election. The result is shown by 


22 = 

the beautiful, completed structure, which was 
built in 1900. It stands as a testimonial to 
his public spirit, enterprise and ability, and is 
most creditable to this intelligent and cultured 

It was while Judge Cheshire was president 
of the Commercial Club that he, with T. P. La- 
Rue, C. R. Atchison, L. F. Williams, J. C. 
Murdock, of Galena, and others cooperated 
with Richard Nevins, Jr., a railroad promoter, 
by promising him financial support and moral 
encouragement at any time when needed, to 
such an extent that he (Nevins) succeeded in 
inducing the officials of the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas Railway Company to extend the mineral 
branch of the railroad to Joplin, which has 
proved of so much value to all points reached 
by the road. Public acts of this character 
done at the right time by the right man are 
what bring about all needed improvements. 

standard of intelligence among the 
agricultural class of Cherokee Coun- 
ty is a subject of frequent comment. 
Tin's is evidenced by the many rural telephones 
and rural free delivery routes, and the generally 
tasty and refined appearance of the homes of the 
people. Prominent among those who take de- 
light in mental acquisition, is the gentleman 
whose name appears above. Though a man of 
but little scholastic training, owing to lack of 
opportunity in his youth, Mr. McMickle has by 
close observation and study during his mature 
years become enviably proficient in the differ- 
ent lines of astronomy, geology and physics, 
and still takes great delight in the pursuit of 
knowledge in those three fields. Mr. McMickle 
is one of the oldest continuous residents in the 
county, having settled on his present farm in 
section 30, Lola township, in the spring of 

1866, after having spent the previous five years 
in saving to the nation '"Old Glory," intact and 
without stain. 

The subject of this sketch is a Hoosier by 
birth ; he was born in Orange County, Indiana, 
December 1, 1838, and is a son of Lorenzo Mc- 
Mickle. When he was 10 years of age, his par- 
ents moved to Davis County, Iowa, where the 
war found him eager and anxious to do, and if 
needs be die, for the old flag. In April, 1861, 
he enlisted as a private in Company* G, 2nd 
Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf.. Capt. James Baker com- 
manding, under Col. Sam. R. Curtis. For the 
greater part of the war this regiment was brig- 
aded with the 15th Army Corps, saw much 
active service in the Middle West and marched 
with Sherman to the sea. Mr. McMickle got 
to the front in time to take part in the fighting 
at Fort Donelson. Then followed Shiloh, the 
two Corinths and Iuka. He participated in all 
the principal battles of the Atlanta campaign, 
marched up through the Carolinas, and was 
present at that matchless parade of the defend- 
ers of the flag, known in history as "The Grand 
Review." He was honorably discharged as 
2nd sergeant of his company, a position which 
he had held for about two years. He received 
a bayonet wound in the face at Frederickstown 
Missouri, was wounded in the leg at Fort Don- 
elson, and at Atlanta was struck in the breast 
by a bullet; but none of these was sufficient to 
put him in the hospital. As an instance of the 
fact that not all the gallant deeds of the boys 
in the army received proper attention and re- 
ward, Mr. McMickle relates that at the Jones- 
boro fight, he was ordered by an officer on Gen- 
eral Howard's staff to take several men and 
make a reconnaissance to find out whether the 
enemy was in retreat. He immediately set out 
on his perilous trip, and so well was it done that 
on his report. General Howard was able to 
order an advance that cut off about 500 of the 
enemy's wagons, loaded with supplies. Mr. 



McMickle received no reward, indeed no notice 
was taken of his gallant action. 

The war over, Mr. McMickle passed the 
winter of '65 in Linn County, Missouri, and in 
February came to Cherokee County, making 
the trip alone on horseback. He secured 160 
acres, 80 of which he still owns, in section 30, 
Lola township, and immediately began the 
erection of a log house, 13 by 13 feet, in size, 
there being but three others in the township. 
This with all his other possessions he lost by 
fire the following year, but he again built, and 
continued his fight for a home. And it zvas a 
fight, especially for the first few years. But the 
man who had faced death in a hundred forms 
in the army was not the one to be daunted by 
anything short of impossibilities, and so as the 
years passed Mr. McMickle found life becom- 
ing somewhat easier, and its rewards greater. 
As he looks out now on his splendid farm prop- 
erty, he has the satisfaction of knowing that it 
is all his in a double sense of ownership, based 
on the fact that every building and tree and 
fence is the result of his own hard labor. 

Passing now to the consideration of facts 
pertaining to the family of Mr. McMickle, we 
note that on both sides he is of Scotch lineage, 
the original immigrants to this country being 
six brothers who enlisted in the English Army 
from Midlothian, Scotland, and, being sent to 
America during the Revolutionary War, were 
so impressed with the justice of the patriot 
cause, that they all deserted to a man and joined 
the American Army. Later they were joined 
by their father who was serving in the Eng- 
lish Army in India. This was Dougal Mc- 
Mickle, the great-grandfather of Clinton. He 
was accidentally killed by the falling of a tree, 
having attained the remarkable age of 102 
years. Lorenzo McMickle, father of Clinton, 
was born in Louisville, Kentucky, in December, 
1808, and died in Linn County, Missouri, at 
the age of 95 years. In his earlier manhood 

he was a printer, and spent many years in New 
Orleans, setting type on the Picayune. Later 
he was connected with what is now the Courier- 
Journal of Louisville, as assistant editor. In 
his later years he became a farmer. He was 
a Whig and Republican in politics, and a mem- 
ber of the New Light Church. He first mar- 
ried Ruth McWilliams. a native of Tennessee, 
who died when her son Clinton was three years 
of age, leaving three children. The eldest was 
Marinda, who married a Mr. Wise and is now 
deceased; and the youngest was Elizabeth, 
Mrs. McCallum, now of Kansas City. To the 
second wife were born 10 children, eight of 
whom are living. On the paternal side Mr. 
McMickle's grandmother was a Barton, a 
Spanish lady, for whose father was named 
Barton County, Missouri. 

Mr. McMickle was united in marriage in 
April, 1868, to Bina Sanders, daughter of Jer- 
emiah and Catherine Sanders, who were of 
German descent and natives of Pennsylvania 
and Ohio, respectively. Her birth occurred 
August 6, 1848. She came to Cherokee County 
with her parents in the late "sixties." Her 
children are: Bertha, now the wife of Albert 
Johnson, a farmer of Lola township; and 
Theda, who married James D. Duncan, and 
also resides in Lola township. 

It is unnecessary to speak of the high char- 
acter which Mr. McMickle sustains in Chero- 
kee County. Suffice it to say that none knows 
him but to respect him. He is a worthy mem- 
ber of the Seventh Day Adventist denomina- 
tion, a Republican in politics, and a gentleman 
by birth and training. 

prominent and successful agricult- 
urist of Crawford township, Cher- 
okee County, Kansas, owning 178 
acres in section 26, is one of the early settlers 




of this region, having been in the vanguard 
which entered Cherokee County in 1868. Mr. 
Wheeler was born in Guilford County, North 
Carolina, in 1849, and is a son of Nathan and 
Margaret (Milliken) Wheeler. 

The Wheeler family is of English extrac- 
tion, and of Quaker religious belief. Many of 
the name still reside in North Carolina, but the 
parents of the subject of this sketch moved to 
Indiana in 1859, and located in Morgan Coun- 
ty, where the mother died in i860. The father 
continued in Indiana until 1868, when he came 
to Cherokee County, Kansas, where he died 
in 1 88 1, at the age of 60 years. He was a 
mason by trade, but spent his later years en- 
gaged in farming. Like his father, he was a 
devoted member of the Society of Friends, and 
assisted in establishing a meeting house in his 
section of Kansas, in 1869. He was a man who 
commanded the respect of all who knew him, 
and whose life was in full consonance with his 
religious belief. The subject of this sketch has 
four brothers and one sister, the sister being 
Mrs. Phoebe Jane Stanley, of Lowell, Chero- 
kee County. The brothers are all well known 
citizens in their respective localities. Isaac C, 
Benjamin Albert and Samuel E. live in Car- 
thage, Missouri, and John F. lives in Los An- 
geles, California. 

Willis Henry Wheeler was reared in In- 
diana, and attended the common schools. 
Farming has been his chosen occupation and 
in it he has met with much success. After com- 
ing to Cherokee County, in November, 1868, he 
located in Quaker Valley, Crawford township. 
In 1878 he purchased 40 acres of his present 
farm, now consisting of 178 acres, and moved 
onto the place in 1879. Mr. Wheeler is a man 
of taste, as his fine improvements show. The 
14 by 16 foot shanty, on the place when he pur- 
chased it, has been replaced by a handsome 
modern residence, with commodious and sub- 
stantial buildings, and all the necessary con- 


veniences for scientific and successful farming. 
When Mr. Wheeler first made his home in 
Cherokee County, Baxter Springs was the near- 
est town, and where is now the busy little city 
of Columbus, with its fine residences, churches, 
schools and business houses, stood but a single 
log house, forlornly situated on the wide prai- 
rie. His neighbors were some distance away, 
several farm houses being just in sight. Mr. 
Wheeler made spring wheat his first crop, but 
since then he has carried on diversified farm- 

In 1875, Mr. Wheeler was married in the 
Indian Territory, where he was employed for 
five years as farmer at the government Indian 
school of the Sac and Fox Agency. During 
1873 and 1875 he was superintendent of the 
absentees' Shawnee school, of which Mrs. 
Wheeler was matron from 1875 to 1878. Mrs. 
Wheeler was formerly Elma J. Coltrane, who 
was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, 
and is a daughter of Jesse and Abigail Coltrane, 
who located in Johnson County, Kansas, as 
early as 1867, Mrs. Wheeler having located in 
Douglas County, Kansas, in 1865. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wheeler have two children : Horace, who 
married Viola Smith (born in Cherokee Coun- 
ty, Kansas) and resides near the homestead; 
and Flora, who is at home. The family belong 
to the Friends' Meeting in Crawford township, 
in which Mr. Wheeler is one of the elders. Po- 
litically, he is a Prohibitionist. Few men in 
this locality are more universally esteemed than 
Mr. Wheeler, and the family represents the best 
intelligent element of Crawford township. 

OL. R. W. BLUE, of Columbus, 
whose portrait accompanies this 
sketch, has been identified with the 
professional and political life of Kan- 
sas since 1871, and is now one of the promf- 
i nent members of the Cherokee County Bar. in 

> 3 o 


partnership with J. J. Bulger. He was born 
September 9, 1841, in Wood County, Virginia, 
now West Virginia, and was reared in the 
vicinity of the present city of Grafton, West 

Colonel Blue attended Monongalia Acad- 
emy, at Morgantown, West Virginia, and 
finally became one of the teachers of that insti- 
tution. He went from there to Washington 
College, Pennsylvania, where he remained un- 
til half through the junior year, when he 
entered the army, enlisting as a private in the 
3d Regiment, West Virginia Vol. Inf., but was 
later transferred to the 6th Regiment, West 
Virginia Vol. Cav., and served in the mountains 
of West Virginia and in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley. Later he took part in the campaigns 
against the Indians in the Platte Valley. He 
spent the winter of 1865-66 at Fort Casper, 
Wyoming, earning his promotion, first as lieu- 
tenant, and later as captain. He was mustered 
out at Leavenworth, Kansas. 

Returning to West Virginia, the young sol- 
dier engaged in teaching and also studied law 
in Taylor County, and in 1871 came to Kansas. 
He taught school during the first year, at Pleas- 
anton, Linn County, and then entered upon the 
practice of his profession. Soon afterwards his 
ability was recognized by his election as Pro- 
bate judge of Linn County in 1872, and again, 
in 1874. In 1876 he was elected county attor- | 
ney, and was reelected in 1878. He became a 
potent factor in politics, and in 1880 was : 
elected State Senator from the district com- \ 
posed of Johnson, Miami and Linn counties, : 
and at the end of his term was reelected. His 
public services to his State were of such a char- : 
acter that he was awarded still higher marks 
of confidence and appreciation, by being elected 
to the 54th Congress in 1894. He was renomi- 
nated by acclamation in 1896, but met with 
defeat in the Populist landslide of that year. 

Since that time Colonel Blue has not consented 
to be a candidate for any office, confining his 
attention entirely to the practice of his pro- 

In October, 1899, Colonel Blue removed to 
Cherokee County and located at Columbus, 
forming a partnership with the present judge 
of the District Court, W. B. Glasse, and later 
with J. H. Hamilton, who retired from the firm 
on account of ill health ; subsequently Colonel 
Blue associated himself with J. J. Bulger. 
Colonel Blue has had a wide professional ex- 
perience, practicing in the United States courts, 
the State courts of Kansas and those of the 
Indian Territory. 

Colonel Blue was united in marriage, in 
July, 1866, to Virginia Protzman, a native of 
Morgantown, West Virginia. They became 
the parents of seven children, as follows : 
Florence B., Richard Clarence, Gracie, and 
Cordelia W., all of whom are deceased ; Mattie, 
wife of Wilmer Bennett, of Concordia, Kansas ; 
Madge A., wife of Dr. J. Dale Graham, of 
Columbus, Kansas ; and John W., who is single 
and resides at home. 

Dr. J. Dale Graham, son-in-law of Colonel 
Blue, was born in Coffey County, Kansas, in 
1873, and is a son of the late C. H. and Eliza- 
beth (McKelvey) Graham. C. H. Graham was 
for about eight years docket clerk of the Kan- 
sas State Senate, and was also treasurer of 
Coffey County, being one of its prominent poli- 
ticians. He was also an extensive farmer and 
stock-raiser. His death occurred in 1885. 

Dr. Graham attended the State Normal 
School at Emporia, Washburn College at 
Topeka, and the State Agricultural College at 
Manhattan, Kansas. Prior to entering upon 
the study of medicine, he was engaged in busi- 
ness at LeRoy. He was graduated in the spring 
of 1904, at the University Medical College at 
Kansas City, Missouri, with class honors. He 



also holds a diploma from the University Hos- 
pital. He is fraternally connected with the Odd 
Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of America. 

ON. JOHN WISWELL, senior part- 
ner in the law firm of Wiswell & Lu- 
cas, of Columbus, Kansas, is one of 
the prominent members and old prac- 
titioners of the Cherokee County Bar. He was 
born in 1857 in Ashtabula County. Ohio, and 
is a son of James H. Wiswell. 

James H. Wiswell was a well known citi- 
zen of Ashtabula County, where he owned 
property and carried on a large shoe manu- 
factory which gave employment to a consider- 
able number of workmen. He also owned a 
tannery and a large farm, and was one of the 
prosperous men of his locality. His death oc- 
curred in 1897. He married a Miss Woodruff, 
who died when the subject of this sketch was 
nine years of age. The other members of the 
family are, — Edward, an attorney at Moscow, 
Idaho, and Mrs. Olive Pond, of Ashtabula 
County, Ohio. A half-brother, Edwin, is a 
contractor and builder at Cleveland, Ohio. 

John Wiswell was mainly educated at the 
Grand River Institute in Ashtabula County, 
where he became instructor in writing and 
commercial branches. Later he attended the 
University of Wooster, at Wooster, Ohio, 
where he served in the same capacity for two 
years. He was associated with P. R. Spencer, 
Jr., the originator of the beautiful system of 
Spencerian penmanship. This favorable con- 
nection had to be broken on account of Mr. 
Wiswell's failing health, which occasioned his 
coming to the West. 

Mr. Wiswell reached Baxter Springs, Kan- 
sas, in the fall of 1879, where he immediately 
entered into educational work. Lie served as 

superintendent of public instruction there in 
1880 and 1 88 1, and resided there about four 
years. He removed then to Columbus and 
bought out Mr. Hampton's interest in the law- 
firm of Cowley & Hampton, and the firm of 
Cowley & Wiswell remained in business until 
1885. After practicing two years alone, Mr. 
Wiswell entered into partnership with Judge 
John N. Ritter, as Ritter & Wiswell ; later, with 
N. T. Allison, and still later, with W. H. Lu- 
cas, who is the present city attorney of Colum- 
bus. Mr. Wiswell was admitted to the bar on 
February 7, 1888, at Columbus, where he has 
followed general practice, devoting especial at- 
tention to commercial law. Whether in prac- 
tice alone or in combination with another able 
attorney, Mr. Wiswell has developed profes- 
sional efficiency of a high order, and enjoys the 
esteem of the county bar and court officials, as 
well as that of his large clientage. 

Mr. Wiswell has other important interests 
outside his profession. For the past 15 years 
he has been the largest breeder of Jack stock, in 
Kansas, and he also breeds Scotch collie dogs 
and fancy chickens, shipping to all parts of the 
United States. He owns several farms, prob- 
ably aggregating a section of land, which is 
especially valuable on account of coal deposits. 
He is also the senior partner in a general mer- 
cantile concern conducted at Sherman City, 
Sheridan township, under the direct manage- 
ment of his daughter, Alice J. Wiswell, who is 
postmistress there, — the firm style being Wis- 
well & Company. 

Mr. Wiswell's first marriage was to Jennie 
E. Bishop, in Ashtabula County, Ohio, in the 
winter of 1878. At that time she was a teacher 
in the Grand River Institute. She died in 1883, 
leaving two children, — Alice J. ; and Florence, 
who is now deceased. Mr. Wiswell married Eor 
his second wife, Martha McMillan, formerly 
a teacher in the public schools, who was born 



and reared in Harrison, Arkansas. Both Mrs. 
and Miss Wiswell are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Politically, Mr. Wiswell has been one of the 
zealous and influential Republicans of this sec- 
tion. The esteem and confidence in which he 
is held by his fellow citizens has been shown on 
many occasions, and upon four of these he was 
chosen for the city's highest municipal position 
his first election being in 1888. Mr. Wiswell 
takes pride in the fact that since his first elec- 
tion to the office of mayor, there has never been 
a saloon in Columbus. Since early manhood 
he has belonged to the Masonic and Odd Fel- 
low bodies, becoming identified with them in 
Ohio. He has been very prominently con- 
nected with the growth and development of 
this city. 

., ROF O. C. ECKE, superintendent of 
J* Ji the city schools of Columbus, Kansas, 
and a prominent educator, was born 
in 1866, near Milwaukee, Wiscon- 
sin, and is a son of Henry and Dora (Rain) 

Henry Ecke was one of the three earliest 
settlers of Crawford County, Kansas, coming 
early in 1866, when pioneer conditions pre- 
vailed in what was then known as the Cherokee 
Neutral Lands. He cleared up a farm and cul- 
tivated it until 1871, when his death occurred, 
and his was the first burial in his section of the 
county. His widow still survives and resides 
at Walnut, in Crawford County, where several 
of her children also live. 

Professor Ecke was a pupil in the early 
schools of Crawford County and later gradu- 
ated from the Walnut and Girard high schools. 
Subsequently, he secured a State certificate as a 
teacher at Emporia. He has devoted his life 
to educational work, having begun to teach 

about 13 years ago. Since then he has fol- 
lowed the profession continuously, meeting 
with the success which his scholarly attainments 
and earnest endeavors deserve. In 1895 ne re ~ 
moved to Columbus, first in the capacity of 
ward principal. Then he became a high school 
teacher, and afterwards, was made city super- 
intendent, a position for which he is eminently 
fitted, and which he has filled with dignity and 
efficiency for the past five years. 

Professor Ecke married, in Crawford Coun- 
ty, Hattie M. Culbertson, who was formerly 
a teacher in the Crawford County schools. 
They have one daughter, born in Columbus. 
Professor Ecke and wife are valued members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Fraternally, the Professor is a Mason, and 
a Modern Woodman. His work in Columbus 
has been most satisfactory, and the high stand- 
ard maintained by the schools of the city must, 
in a great measure, be attributed to his care, in- 
fluence and encouragement. Personally, he 
commands the respect and enjoys the esteem of 
his fellow citizens. 

OHN H. HAMILTON, an attorney-at- 
law of Columbus, Kansas, of which 
city he has been a resident for the past 
17 years, is identified with large busi- 
ness interests both in Cherokee and in other 
counties. He was born in 1857 near Glasgow, 
Scotland, and is a son of Andrew and Jane 
(Foxe) Hamilton. 

Both parents of Mr. Hamilton were of 
Scotch descent and came to America in 1864. 
Andrew Hamilton, Sr., located with his family 
at Braidwood, Illinois, and engaged in coal de- 
velopment, both as an operator and miner. He 
died at Pittsburg, Kansas, in 1881, aged nearly 
70 years. The mother still survives, at the age 


of 86 years, and resides at Weir City, Cherokee 
County. The surviving members of their fam- 
ily are: J. H., of this sketch: William, a coal 
operator living at Weir City, Cherokee County; 
Matthew, formerly a coal operator, now a far- 
mer and stock raiser of Missouri ; and Mrs. 
McClennehan, a widow, and Mrs. McGregor, 
who are engaged in farming near Weir City, 
Cherokee County. Andrew Hamilton, Jr. (a 
brother of our subject), formerly a coal opera- 
tor, died in 1898 at Weir City. The family own 
extensive coal interests in this locality. 

J. H. Hamilton accompanied his parents to 
Pittsburg, Crawford County, Kansas, August 
20, 1878, and for a time engaged in coal mining 
there, but for some years has been interested 
in lead and zinc mining in the Galena district, 
Cherokee County, owning several tracts of land 
there. He is also one of the largest stockhold- 
ers and the vice-president of the King Lumber 
Company of Chanute, Kansas. 

Prior to leaving Illinois, Mr. Hamilton had 
commenced the study of the law, but this was 
interrupted during his active operations in the 
Crawford County coal fields. At a later date 
he resumed the study of the law in the office of 
Blue & Glasse and was admitted to the bar at 
Columbus, in May, 1902. For a time he prac- 
ticed in partnership with Col. R. W. Blue, to 
whom he has but recently sold his fine law 
library with the intention of devoting his time to 
coal developing. Mr. Hamilton has purchased 
some land near Greenwood, Arkansas, which 
is underlaid with a coal vein of from five to 
nine feet thickness. He proposes to open shafts 
on the land and will devote his personal atten- 
tion to the work. This coal, which on analysis 
has proved to be semi-anthracite, is of a much 
better quality than any yet found in Cherokee 
County. Two railroads already run into the 
district, thus insuring transportation facilities, 
these being the Iron Mountain and the Midland 
Valley, the latter of which runs through Mr. 

Hamilton's land. His prospects could scarcely 
be brighter for a large development and his pre- 
vious business success is indicative of probable 

At Weir City, Mr. Hamilton married Anna 
B. Brown, whose parents came to Kansas 24 
years ago, and whose mother still survives. 
They have four children, all born at Columbus, 
viz: Benjamin Harrison, Andrew Alexander, 
Jennie Foxe and John H., Jr. The pleasant 
family home is situated opposite the Cherokee 
County High School building. 

Politically, Mr. Hamilton is a Republican. 
In 1886 he was elected clerk of the District 
Court of Cherokee County, in which capacity 
he served two terms. He is prominent in a 
number of fraternal organizations, among 
which are the Modern Woodmen of America, 
belonging to the Columbus Camp, and the Ma- 
sonic order, in which he has taken the 32nd de- 
gree. As a Mason he is a member of the Blue 
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., and Chapter, R. A. M., 
at Columbus; the Commandery, K. T., at Os- 
wego; the Consistory, S. P. R. S., at Wichita; 
and Isis Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., at Salina. 
With his wife, he is a member of the Order of 
the Eastern Star. They attend the Presbyte- 
rian Church. 


ON. M. A. HOUSHOLDER, whose 
popularity in Cherokee County has 
been repeatedly emphasized by his 
election to high and responsible pub- 
lic offices, has resided here since 1880. For the 
last 12 years he has ably and honorably held the 
position of Senator from the Tenth Senatorial 
District, and is equally well known to the citi- 
zens of Columbus and Cherokee County, as a 
lawyer, merchant and breeder of some of the 
finest cattle ever exhibited from this portion of 
the State. 

Senator Housholder was born June 13, 



1852, on his father's farm, in Darke County, 
Ohio, and is a son of David and Rachel (Stahl) 
Housholder. On both sides the ancestry is of 
German extraction. On the paternal side, the 
great-grandfather emigrated from Germany 
and settled first in Virginia ; he removed thence 
to Maryland and still later to Pennsylvania, 
where Senator Housholder's father was born, 
July 21. 181 1. On the maternal side, the first 
migration was to England, thence to New York 
and later to Pennsylvania, where Senator 
Housholder's mother was born, in Bedford 
County, April 20, 1S15. After his marriage, 
in 1835, David Housholder, who had formerly 
been engaged in lumbering, moved to Darke 
County. Ohio, and there secured large tracts of 
heavily timbered land from the government, 
and became, in the course of time, one of the 
prominent farmers and exemplary citizens of 
his locality. His death, which was occasioned 
by an accident, occurred in 1897. when he was 
87 years of age. He supported the Demo- 
cratic party, but never consented to take an 
active part in political life. His wife died on 
the farm in Darke County in 1868. Both were 
most worthy members of the United Brethren 
Church. Of their 10 children, all but two sur- 
vive; one of the deceased was an infant, and 
the other, Francis Marion, died in 1897. Fran- 
cis Marion Housholder was a very prominent 
citizen of Noblesville, Indiana, who was state's 
attorney, and postmaster during the adminis- 
tration of President Cleveland. His death, in 
the prime of life, was caused by disease con- 
tracted in a protracted army service, during the 
Civil War. He enlisted first in Company C, 
52nd Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and reenlisted in 
Company G, 187th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and 
served faithfully until the close of the war. He 
then engaged in the practice of the law at No- 
blesville, and became a prominent and valued 
citizen, but his health had been undermined and 
he finallv succumbed. 

Senator Housholder remained in Darke 
County. Ohio, until he was 25 years of age, 
enjoying the educational advantages offered by 
the common and high schools of that locality. 
and later attending the National Normal 
School at Lebanon, Ohio. After completing 
his education, he was engaged in teaching for 
four years, both in the country and in Green- 
ville, and then entered upon the study of the 
law. Subsequently he was graduated, in 1879. 
at the Indiana Central Law School, at Indian- 
apolis, and, under the late Hon. Walter Q. 
Gresham, was admitted to practice in the Uni- 
ted States Circuit and the Indiana courts. 

In May, 1880. the young lawyer came* to 
Cherokee County, and during his three years 
of legal practice became also interested in mer- 
chandising and in the breeding of fine stock. 
He almost immediately took a leading position 
in political circles. He secured a ranch on 
Cherry Creek, about 10 miles north of Colum- 
bus, and stocked it with thoroughbred Short- 
horn cattle, the breeding of which has not only 
brought large financial returns to him, but has 
afforded him the recreation and outside interest 
so grateful to the tired, political leader. Inci- 
dentally, it may be mentioned that his herd of 
splendid cattle has twice taken the large prize 
offered by the Iowa State Fair where all breeds 
of cattle were in competition. Senator Hous- 
holder still continues to be one of the county's 
farmers, but closed out his mercantile interests 
in 1903. His delightful suburban home is sit- 
uated in the midst of a park of 15 acres, adjoin- 
ing the city of Columbus. 

Senator Housholder has had many political 
honors tendered to him, the last one being a 
unanimous nomination to the office of Lieuten- 
ant-Governor, proffered by the late Populist 
and Democratic Convention, which assembled 
at Topeka, on August 3. 1904. He has been 
in the public eye since 1888, when he was first 
nominated by the Democratic party, as Sen- 




ator from the Tenth Senatorial District. This 
nomination came as a surprise, his first inti- 
mation of the honor done him, being received 
through a newspaper. At that time he was ex- 
hibiting his fine cattle at the State fairs of Illi- 
nois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska and Kansas. 
The Democratic party met with defeat that 
year in the district, although our subject ran 
far beyond the ticket. In 1892 he was nomi- 
nated for the same office by the Populist party, 
C. B. Stone of Galena, and Dr. J. H. Baxter, 
of Columbus, being respectively, his Republican 
and Democratic opponents, both men of worth 
and ability. Senator Houshokler was elected 
to the office by a plurality of 687 votes. In 
1896, after a bitter fight made by the Republi- 
can party, he was reelected by the gratifying 
plurality of 1 ,400 votes. In 1900 he was a third 
time elected, having the distinction of being the 
only Senator elected to this office thrice con- 
secutively. During each candidacy, he was 
nominated by acclamation, this unanimity of 
feeling showing clearly the public esteem in 
which he is held. His services in the Senate 
have been consistently directed to aid the con- 
stituency by which he was elected, but at the 
same time he has always held the interests of 
the public before all others. 

Senator Housholder is a man of versatile 
talents, as is evidenced by his success in so 
many different lines. He has filled other posi- 
tions of responsibility, always with the same 
conscientious regard for the welfare of all con- 
cerned. Since 1893, when he was appointed a 
member of the State Board of Charities, by 
Governor L. D. Lewelling, he has served as 
its president. His attention is also given to 
local matters where his influence may lead to 
public improvement or progress, and many 
times he has shown a deep interest in educa 
tional matters and charitable institutions. 

On August 6, 1876, Senator Housholder, 
then but an ambitious young aspirant for legal 

honors, was united in marriage with Mary J. 
Baughman, who was born October 28, 1856, 
in Darke County, Ohio. She is of German an- 
cestry, her parents, William and Elizabeth 
Baughman, having been born in Germany. The 
five children of this marriage were : Forest 
A., who was born November 10, 1877, and died 
at Columbus, Kansas, November 11, 1884; 
Mabel M., born in Darke County, Ohio, April 
6, 1880, who is a very accomplished young 
lady, and has served with extraordinary ca- 
pacity as her father's private secretary during 
five sessions of the Kansas Senate; and Valley 
Fern, born at Columbus, Kansas, October 25, 
1885; Vale I., born at Columbus, October 12. 
1888, and Victor Hugo, born March 18, 1892, 
all of whom live at home. 

For many years Senator Housholder has 
been a consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, to which he has always 
given a liberal support. In closing this brief 
sketch of one of Cherokee County's favorite 
sons, it is pleasant to record that his popularity 
with the public is fully equaled by the esteem 
felt for him in private life. He is fortunate 
indeed in enjoying domestic happiness, the re- 
spect and affection of those with whom he has 
been associated on terms of personal friendship 
for so many years, and a popularity of no un- 
certain kind, after having been in the lime-light 
of public life for more than a decade. 

inent and successful member of the 
Cherokee County Bar, was born in 
1839 in North Carolina, and is a 
son of J. M. and Elizabeth (Purnell) Mill- 

J. M. Millstead was born in Maryland and 
died in North Carolina at the age of 58 years. 
Prior to the Civil War, he was a large slave 



owner and a prosperous merchant. The great 
struggle entailed heavy losses on him, but he 
resumed his mercantile business and continued 
in it until his death. His wife was born in 
Virginia, and died in North Carolina, in 1869, 
aged 57 years. They had two sons, — William 
H. and Frank. The latter enlisted as a private 
in the 55th Reg., North Carolina Inf.. C. S. A., 
and became 2nd lieutenant of Company F. 
By trade he was a painter and carriage-maker. 
He married Bertha Phillips of North Carolina 
and died in 1896, leaving two children. 

William H. Millstead was reared and edu- 
cated in his native State, and was a student at 
the University of North Carolina, at the break- 
ing out of the Civil War. On May 6, 1861, 
he enlisted as a private in Company F, 6th Reg., 
North Carolina Inf., C. S. A., but was later 
transferred to Company A, in which he was 
promoted to the rank of 2nd lieutenant, and 
served until the end of the war. being finally 
discharged in May, 1865, at Greensboro, North 
Carolina. He took part in many of the most 
serious battles and on all occasions displayed a 
valor w hich won him the commendation of his 
superiors and the admiration of his comrades. 
He participated in the battles of New Berne; 
the seven days fighting below Richmond ; Sec- 
ond Bull Run ; Harper's Ferry ; Antietam 
(where he received a scalp wound) ; Freder- 
icksburg; the Wilderness; Hanover Court 
House; Seven Pines (where he was wounded 
in the left arm) ; and Petersburg. 

In the fall of 1865 Mr. Millstead returned 
to North Carolina, but the hardships of warfare 
had undermined his health, and he went to 
Florida for a season. Upon his return he be- 
gan to teach school and to read law. his studies 
being directed by A. M. Bogle, a prominent at- 
torney. He continued his law studies after he 
removed to Carthage and Springfield, Mis- 
souri, where he engaged in teaching. He re- 
turned to North Carolina, in 1869, to marry, 

and remained in his native State until 1871, 
teaching the greater part of the time. Realiz- 
ing that time must elapse before the "Old North 
State" could offer inducements to a young and 
ambitious man, he decided to return to the 
West. He settled first in Crawford County, 
Kansas, but came later to Cherokee County, 
and in 1876, after a short experience in farm- 
ing, entered upon the practice of his profession, 
having been admitted to the bar in 1866. He 
is well and widely known in Cherokee County, 
has a large practice, and enjoys the reputation 
of being one of the safest counsellors in this 

Mr. Millstead was married to Candee C. 
Hoke, who was also born in North Carolina, 
and they have five children, viz : Robert E. 
Lee, Florence, Junea, Alice and Cora. Robert 
E. Lee, who is superintendent of a smelter at 
Rich Hill, Missouri, was born in North Caro- 
lina, married Nellie Johnson, of Weir City, and 
has four children, — Fay, Ruth, Lulu and 
Harry. Florence, who was also born in North 
Carolina, married Theodore Moody, and they 
have the following children, — Benjamin, Perly, 
Pearl, William, Frank and an infant. Junea, 
Alice and Cora were born in Kansas. 

Mr. Millstead has always been a consistent 
supporter of the Democratic party. 

cessful farmer of Ross township. 
Cherokee County, Kansas, and one 
of its leading citizens, resides upon 
his well improved farm of 240 acres, in sec- 
tion 2, township 32, range 23. Mr. Callahan 
was born at Lowell, Massachusetts, August 10. 
1854, and is a son of Daniel and Catherine 
(Thomas) Callahan. 

The parents of Mr. Callahan were born in 
County Kerrv. Ireland, where thev were 

J. H. BAXTER, M. D. 


2 39 

reared. They came to America single, were 
married in Massachusetts, and in 1854 went 
to Bureau County. Illinois. The mother died 
in Shelby County. Iowa, where the family lo- 
cated in 1869. They had two children. — 
Michael J. and John. 

Michael J. Callahan was reared in Bureau 
County, Illinois, until he reached the age of 
13 years, when he accompanied the family to 
Shelby County, Iowa. Two years later he 
came alone to Cherokee township, Cherokee 
County, and there worked for Luke Hughes for 
three years ; since that time he has been work- 
ing on his own responsibility. He understood 
all the practical details of farming, and found 
no unsurmountable obstacles in his way. For 
eight years he continued to rent land, occupy- 
ing property which is now the present site of 
Scammon, long before the mineral wealth of 
the region was suspected. When Mr. Callahan 
purchased his present farm, it was wild, prai- 
rie land, and all the improvements made upon 
the property have been effected by him. He 
now has one of the best farms and finest homes 
in his section of the county. He has about 160 
acres of his land under cultivation, raising 
wheat, oats, corn, hogs and a good grade of 
horses and cattle. In addition to his home 
farm, Mr. Callahan owns 160 acres in section 
4, Mineral township, and 80 acres in section 
13, township 32, range 23, in Ross township, 
which he devotes to pasture. 

Besides a fine home and productive farm, 
Mr. Callahan has other blessings, chiefly 
among these being a most estimable wife and a 
large, interesting and intelligent family of chil- 
dren. He was married on November 14, 
1875, to Ann Coman. who was born at Arling- 
ton, Illinois, and is a daughter of James and 
Joan (O'Maley) Coman. Mrs. Callahan's 
parents were born in Ireland, emigrated to 
America, and lived in Bureau County. Illinois, 
until 1869. Then they came to Cherokee 

County, settled in Cherokee township and both 
died here. Mr. and Mrs. Callahan have had 14 
children, namely: Agatha, a Sister in Mount 
Saint Scholastic Academy, at Atchison, Kan- 
sas; Daniel; Josie, also a Sister in Mount Saint 
Scholastic Academy ; Eva ; Rosanna, who died 
aged 17 months; and James, George. Charles, 
Mary, Chloe, John, Annie, Florence and Paul. 
These children have all been carefully reared, 
as members of St. Bridget's Catholic Church at 
Scammon. In politics Mr. Callahan votes with 
the Democratic party, but he is not an office 

Mr. Callahan takes a just pride in what he 
has accomplished by years of personal industry. 
What he owns he has earned — honestly 
earned, — and during this time he has also won 
the respect and esteem of his fellow citizens. 
His word is as good as his bond, and he finds 
the hand of friendship extended to him on every 
side. He is one of the good citizens and good 
men of Ross township. 

H. BAXTER, M. D., a prominent 
physician and surgeon of Columbus, 
where he has been located since 1875, 
was born in Shelby County, Indiana, 
November 30, 1848. He is a son of James M. 
and Lydia A. (Rozelle) Baxter. 

James M. Baxter was born in Kentucky, 
where he grew to manhood and obtained an 
excellent schooling, and where he also learned 
the trade of bricklaying and masonry. This he 
followed for five years in his native State, be- 
fore he had attained his majority, at which time 
he moved into Indiana. He followed con- 
tracting in the "Hoosier" State, and built many 
of the important buildings at Shelbyville and 
other points. He was interested in public af- 
fairs from boyhood, being at one time one of 
but three who subscribed for a newspaper in 



his native township. His scholarly attainments 
and his oratorical powers caused him to be in 
great demand in political campaigns, and he 
was also called upon to serve in many of the 
local offices, and as justice of the peace. 

Mr. Baxter was married twice, both times 
after settling in Indiana. His first marriage 
was to a Miss DeWitt, of Kentucky, who at 
death left three children, of whom the only 
survivor, Phcebe, is a resident of Los Angeles, 
California. The second marriage was to Lydia 
A. Rozelle, who was born in Indiana, and died 
in 1879, at Columbus, Kansas, aged 60 years. 
Seven children were born to this union, four of 
whom died in infancy and early childhood. Dr. 
Baxter has one surviving sister, Mrs. L. P. 
McAdams, of Scammon, Cherokee Count)-. 
Another sister, Mrs. Mollie E. Graves, died at 
his home in Columbus in 1901. The father of 
this family died in Rush County, Indiana, aged 
42 years. 

The death of his father, when he was but 
seven years of age, placed heavy responsibilities 
upon the subject of this sketch and his boyhood 
was spent not like that of many, in search of 
innocent amusements, but was devoted to every 
kind of employment by which he could earn 
something to add to the family purse. After 
leaving the public school, he secured academic 
advantages at Ladoga, Indiana, and began 
teaching when 17 years of age. Thus by alter- 
nate teaching and school attendance, up to his 
24th year, he managed to spend two years in the 
Christian University at Indianapolis, and later, 
in 1875, was graduated at the Louisville Medi- 
cal College. Since then he has enjoyed many 
special courses, graduating at Bellevue Hospital 
Medical College, New York, in 1884, and in 
1890 taking a special course in the Eye and Ear 
Infirmary there. In 1892 he took a special 
course in Homeopathy at St. Louis, thus 
equipping himself in every possible way for the 
scientific practice of his noble profession. 

Dr. Baxter's settlement at Columbus was 
something in the nature of an accident. After 
graduation, while looking about for a suitable 
location, he advanced to met an old acquaint- 
ance, Jonathan Hunt, of Martinsville, Indiana, 
formerly sheriff of the county, who interested 
him in the new town of Columbus, in Cherokee 
County. It resulted in Dr. Baxter settling 
here, and he was the first physician to establish 
himself permanently at this point. He has 
grown into the confidence and affection of the 
people, and has performed some wonderful 
surgical operations. 

Dr. Baxter was married at Columbus to 
Eva G. Shepard, who is a daughter of the late 
Col. D. F. Shepard, who come here from Fort 
Scott. The Colonel built the first flour mill at 
Fort Scott, hauling the machinery from Kansas 
City with ox teams. Dr. and Mrs. Baxter have 
had three children, two of whom died in child- 
hood. The survivor, LeRoy, is a young man of 
brilliant promise. In 1898, he graduated at the 
Columbus High School, and then spent five 
years in the Kansas State University, where 
he was graduated in June, 1902. He is now 
attending the medical department of the 
University of Chicago, being in his second 

Politically, Dr. Baxter is a Republican. He 
has taken an active part in civic affairs, having 
served on the School Board for 14 years, and 
having been from 1878 to 1880 county superin- 
tendent of the public schools. For eight years 
he has been a member of the pension board. 
He was one of the early members of the South- 
eastern Kansas Medical Association, which has 
been absorbed by the State organization. Fra- 
ternally, he is an Odd Fellow, and joined the 
Masons in Indiana ; he is also a member of the 
Columbus lodge of the Knights of Pythias. 
Since boyhood he has been a member of the 
Christian Church. A portrait of the Doctor 
accompanies this brief review of his life. 



ILLIAM E. BROOKS, one of the 
most successful of the pioneer far- 
mers of Neosho township, Chero- 
kee County, owner of what is 
known as the "Forest Fruit Farm," was born 
in DeKalb County, Illinois, October 14, 1844, 
and is a son of Henry E. and Samantha 
(Meade) Brooks. 

The Brooks family was established in Ver- 
mont, about the time of the Revolutionary 
War, by four brothers, of Welsh-English ex- 
traction. The name is variously spelled in dif- 
ferent sections, one branch adopting the form 
of Estabrook. The father of our subject spent 
his early life as a ship-builder, on Lake Cham- 
plain, but later removed to Illinois and subse- 
quently to Iowa and finally, in 1867, came to 
Cherokee County, Kansas, and died in Chau- 
tauqua County at the home of his son, John 
Brooks, at the age of 80 years. He was a large 
farmer and stock-raiser and owned several ex- 
tensive tracts of farming land in Cherokee 
County. He married Samantha Meade, who 
was born near Dayton, Ohio, and was a cousin 
of Gen. George B. Meade who gained distinc- 
tion during the Civil War and was the hero of 
Gettysburg. Mrs. Brooks died in Iowa at the 
age of 72 years. Their children were : John, 
a resident of Chautauqua County, Kansas; 
William E., our subject; Mrs. Jane Nugent, 
of Iowa City, Iowa; and Mrs. Laura Wool- 
wine, of Waterloo, Iowa. 

William E. Brooks was reared in Illinois 
until 1853, when he accompanied his parents 
to Black Hawk County, Iowa. They located 
on a farm near Waterloo, and there our sub- 
ject attended the district schools and assisted 
his father on the farm until 1861, when he of- 
fered his services, although but a boy of 17, 
to his country, enlisting on November 19th, in 
Company I, 16th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., under 
Col. Alex. Chambers. Mr. Brooks was dis- 
charged on November 16, 1864, but served 

until April, 1865. These years of danger, hard- 
ship, sickness, imprisonment and excitement 
changed the sturdy young farmer boy into a 
grizzled veteran, with a record for courage, 
valor and fidelity. He participated in many of 
the hardest fought battles of the war, including 
Pittsburg Landing; siege of Corinth and bat- 
tle of Corinth; Iuka; siege of Vicksburg; and 
the battle of Kingston, North Carolina, in 

Mr. Brooks was also a member of General 
Sherman's army that made the memorable 
"March to the Sea." At Atlanta, Georgia, he 
was unfortunate enough to be taken prisoner ; 
he was sent to Andersonville Prison, where he 
was kept for two of the longest months of his 
life. On September 22, 1864, he was ex- 
changed at Rough and Ready Station, near 
Atlanta, and was then sent to the convalescent 
camp at Chattanooga, Tennessee, in order to 
be treated for prison scurvy which had infected 
his wounded leg. This terrible imprisonment 
reduced his weight from 160 to 107 pounds. 
Upon recovering sufficiently, he was detailed 
to Block House, No. 14, Chickamauga Creek. 
It was while located here that he had some 
amusing adventures. Being detailed as quar- 
termaster of the Block House, it was incumbent 
upon him to look after the commissary, and 
this entailed considerable skirmishing through 
the enemy's country. While on one of these 
expeditions he became acquainted with a fam- 
ily of Confederate sympathizers by the name 
of Knowles. .They were probably hospitable 
Southern people of great kindness of heart, 
for they took pity on Mr. Brooks and invited 
him and his partner to dine with them and en- 
joy the festivities of Christmas Day. Youth 
is youth, and, as there were young ladies in the 
family and as such tempting offers came but 
seldom in their lives at that time, the two young- 
Union soldiers did not hesitate long before ac- 
cepting. The occasion was also an old-fash- 



ioned quilting party and all the maidens of the 
neighborhood had gathered, according to cus- 
tom, and the succeeding festivities were at their 
height, about 10 o'clock in the evening, when 
they were startled by the rattle of sabres com- 
ing over the rail fence. Mr. Brooks and his 
companion for a few moments felt they had 
been betrayed and prepared to defend them- 
selves from what they supposed a posse of Con- 
federate soldiers. In answer to a loud demand 
at the door, they met the intruders with pointed 
revolvers, but fortunately did not shoot, as the 
two visitors, when stripped of their Confeder- 
ate coats, showed the Union blue beneath and 
disclosed the fact that two other Block House 
men were also out seeking recreation. 

In February, 1865, Mr. Brooks reported 
to his regiment at Goldsboro, North Carolina, 
although his term of enlistment had expired 
four months previously. While camped at 
Vicksburg, in 1863, a member of Crocker's 
brigade, many forms of amusement were tried 
by the weary and homesick soldiers, and Mr. 
Brooks was never behindhand in thinking up 
new ones. The place where they were located 
had many Confederate arsenals in the vicinity, 
and the Union soldiers were in the habit of 
amusing themselves by exploding the cannon 
cartridges they found there. For various rea- 
sons this amusement did not find favor in the 
eyes, or ears, of General Crocker, and he gave 
orders that the next offender should be dealt 
with. The tents were wedged together, with 
bunks of poles stretched two feet from the 
ground and a plank passing through to serve 
as a table. As may be imagined, one of the 
greatest discomforts of these small dwellings 
were the swarms of flies, which in Southern 
countries amount to intolerable pests. Upon 
one occasion when Mr. Brooks came into his 
tent, he saw his companion lying apparently 
asleep, while the flies were holding a kind of 

carnival. With the best intentions in the 
world, he decided that at least one tent should 
be freed from them and set about his prepara- 
tions accordingly, by pouring molasses in the 
middle of the tent table and surrounding it 
with a goodly amount of powder from a six- 
pound cartridge. When the molasses seemed 
to have attracted every fly under the tent cur- 
tains, he reached inside, with a lighted paper, 
and it is his conviction that the tent went at 
least 60 feet in the air. Fortunately Mr. 
Brooks' tent-mate was only blackened with the 
powder and nearly frightened to death, but 
probably not more so than Mr. Brooks himself, 
as he was completely dumbfounded by his suc- 
cess. Doubtless many other members of the 
old 1 6th Iowa can recall the incident. 

Mr. Brooks returned to Iowa after the 
close of the war and farmed there until 1869, 
when he followed his father to Kansas, accom- 
panied by his wife and one child. The jour- 
ney was made in 22 days in a prairie schooner, 
which served as a home until he completed a 
log cabin, 12 by 14 feet in dimensions. He 
purchased a tract of 160 acres of land, half of 
which he later gave to his children. It is well 
located, in section 1, township 35, range 22, in 
Neosho township, and has rewarded him well 
for the labor and expense he has put on it. 
Trading his team for a yoke of oxen, he began 
to break his land on June 15, 1869, but after 
two days of plowing found he could do noth- 
ing more that season on account of the rains 
setting in. He then hauled coal from the 
Neosho River and surrounding territory to 
Baxter Springs, receiving 25 cents a bushel. 
When winter set in he went with his cattle to 
the woods, procured hickory and maple, and 
fashioned ax-halves and ox-yokes, receiving 
35 cents for the former and $2.50 for the lat- 
ter, averaging $5 a day. Although he could 
earn this amount by being industrious, the 


2 43 

price of living was proportionately high, for 
he paid $9 per hundred for flour, 30 cents a 
pound for meat and $2 a bushel for corn. Kan- 
sas City was the nearest railroad point and a tri- 
weekly mail passed from Baxter Springs to 
Chetopa. Deer were plentiful in those days 
and he went on many hunting expeditions with 
J. A. R. Elliott, a champion shot of the world, 
who married his niece and now lives in Kansas 

For some years Mr. Brooks has devoted 
himself to the raising of corn and hogs. He 
set out a fine apple orchard of 60 acres, has a 
large evaporator and cider press and gives 
much of his attention to the growing of fruit. 
He has also five acres of forest trees, there 
being more on his quarter section than on any 
other farm in the county, and it deserves the 
name of the "Forest Fruit Farm." In 1900 
he built a new and modern home and now has 
one of the best houses in the township. 

On December 30, 1867, Mr. Brooks was 
married to Sarah Jane Tallman, who was born 
in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, November 
16, 1843, and is a daughter of John R. and 
Jane (Corson) Tallman, both natives of Penn- 
sylvania. They have had four children : Jo- 
seph, a teacher of music, located in Colorado; 
Mrs. Alice Owens, of Neosho township; Rosa, 
who died at the age of two years ; and John, 
who lives on a farm adjoining that of his 

Mr. Brooks has been treasurer of the town- 
ship for two years, elected on the Republican 
ticket, but in political matters he is independ- 
ent. For a number of years he served as a 
school officer. Fraternally he has been an Odd 
Fellow and a Woodman, and in the latter organ- 
ization! still continues. He has also been a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic 
and of the A. H. T. A. 

Being a great lover of music, Mr. Brooks 
in 1882 organized a band of 16 members. 

which for 16 years was the leading band of the 
county. He still maintains for pleasure and 
local pasttimes an orchestra of five pieces. 

death of Hon. Benjamin F. Hogg, at 
Pasadena, California, on November 
13, 1896, removed one of Cherokee 
County's large capitalists, and a citizen who 
had distinguished himself as a soldier, as a local 
public official, and as a wise legislator. Mr. 
Hogg was born at Lyndonville, New York, 
April 23, 1842, and was a son of George and 
Abigail (Reynolds) Hogg. 

The Hogg family is of Scotch extraction, 
the grandparents of the late Mr. Hogg coming 
to America from Scotland and settling in Phil- 
adelphia. Later they moved to Lyndonville, 
New York, where George Hogg and his wife 
spent their lives. They had nine children, two 
of whom died in infancy. Five still survive, 
all of whom are residents of the Empire State 
except one, Adam, who resides at Lawrence. 
Kansas, — he is the father of Prof. Archibald 
Hogg, who is a member of the faculty of the 
State University of Kansas. 

The late Benjamin F. Hogg attended the 
common schools, where he prepared for a useful 
career. The outbreak of the Civil War 
changed his plans and probably turned the 
whole current of his life, as it did that of many 
another young and loyal youth of those stirring 
days. In the fall of 1861 he enlisted in Com- 
pany I, 104th Reg., New York Vol. Inf.. in 
which he served without injury until the dread- 
ful slaughter of Gettysburg, where the gallant 
young soldier lost a hand. Subsequently he 
was honorably discharged. Por several years 
following this disaster, he served in State offi- 
cial life, as an officer of the Soldiers' Home at 
Albany, and later in the New York City Post 
Office, under Postmaster James. 



After his marriage, in 1869, he moved with 
his wife to Cherokee County, first locating in 
Pleasant View township, but later moving to 
Mineral township. His natural ability was 
shown in the success which met his endeavors 
in farming and stock-raising. He became the 
owner of much rich farming land, aggregating 
560 acres, 480 acres of which are still owned 
and managed by his widow. Almost from the 
period of his settlement in Cherokee County, 
Mr. Hogg took an active and intelligent inter- 
est in political life and devoted his time, 
strength and means to the advancement of 
such legislation as seemed to him likely to pro- 
mote the welfare of his adopted State and 
County. In 1880 he was elected by the Demo- 
cratic-Populist party to the State Senate, where 
for four years, by pen, voice and influence, he 
faithfully served his constituents. 

On June 28, 1869, Mr. Hogg was married 
at Franklinville, New York, to Julia A. Searle, 
who was born in New York, and was one of 
a family of 1 1 children. Her parents were A. 
D. and Jane M. (Scott) Searle, both of whom 
were born in America, of German and English 
ancestry, respectively. Mrs. Hogg is the only 
member of her family residing in Kansas. One 
brother, Judge D. B. Searle, has been a resi- 
dent of Stearns County, Minnesota, for the 
past 15 years. Another brother, Frank, is a 
prominent attorney of New York City, and the 
others all reside in the vicinity of the old home. 
Mrs. Hogg has three children, viz : Abigail 
J., who is at home; John, who is connected 
with the Citizens State Bank of Joplin, Mis- 
souri ; and James, who is associated with the 
Continental Creamery Company at Topeka. 
The last named completed the law course at 
the State University of Kansas, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar. John attended the State 
University, and Abigail J., the State Normal 
School at Emporia. Mrs. Hogg, who is a highly 
cultivated lady, is a graduate of the New York 

State Normal School at Albany. In the man- 
agement of the large interests left in her care, 
she has shown admirable judgment and busi- 
ness sense. She is a valued member of the 
Presbyterian Church in Columbus, and both 
she and her daughter belong to the city's ex- 
clusive social circles. 

The death of Mr. Hogg took place while 
sojourning in California, where he was in 
search of health, a change of climate having for 
some years been found necessary. He left be- 
hind many who appreciated his excellent qual- 
ities of mind and heart, and felt that his demise 
was a great loss to the county, with whose de- 
velopment he had been so long and prominently 

EORGE F. SOUDER. a farmer re- 
siding in section 6, in Salamanca 
township, is one of the very oldest 
settlers of Cherokee County, and a 
gentleman whose influence has been powerful 
in molding her institutions. Mr. Souder is a 
"Buckeye" by birth, having been born in Fair- 
field County, Ohio, on March 14, 1839. 

It was oh May 10, 1869, when Mr. Souder, 
accompanied by a Mr. Tice and another gen- 
tleman, drove up to the town-site of Columbus, 
having made the trip from Tipton. Missouri. 
They were in search of a place to locate, and 
after some figuring with Hannibal Scovel, one 
of the two merchants then at that point, Mr. 
Souder purchased his stock, together with the 
northeast quarter of the section upon which the 
town-site was located, — the geographical cen- 
ter of the county being the southwest corner of 
this quarter. The purchase price of the goods 
and land was about $1 .500. The location of the 
building was about the center of the west side 
of the square. A Mr. Lewis conducted a store 
on the northeast corner of the square, and these 



two establishments did the business of the whole 
section at that time. 

Mr. Souder conducted the store for a time, 
and then sold out. The land he cultivated for 
about six years, building a house and improv- 
ing it otherwise. In 1875 ' ie traded the farm 
for the one he now owns. When this came 
into his possession, it had a small house of four 
rooms and a bit of orchard, and but four acres 
of it were broken out. This was little better 
than virgin prairie, so that the splendid farm he 
now owns is the product of his labor and intel- 
ligent management. Besides the quarter sec- 
tion, he has an 80-acre tract adjoining, and in 
Ross township he also owns a tract of 225 
acres. About four years ago, Mr. Souder built 
the large and modernly appointed house in 
which the family now resides, the whole con- 
stituting one of the best farm properties of the 

Frederick and Agatha (Kirns) Souder 
were the parents of the subject of this sketch. 
Both were natives of Germany and both had 
been previously wedded. They remained in the 
"Fatherland" until 1838, when they crossed 
the ocean in a sailing vessel. Landing at New 
York, they immediately removed to Fairfield 
County, Ohio, where they settled on a farm 
near Lancaster. When Mr. Souder was a lad 
of seven years, the family moved to Fort Ball, 
Seneca County, Ohio. Several years later, 
they moved to a farm in the western part of 
the same county, where they resided the re- 
aminder of their lives. Mr. Souder had six 
half-brothers and three half-sisters. A full- 
brother, Adam Souder, now resides at Fostoria, 

The subject of this sketch was reared for 
the most part in Fort Ball, now known as 
Tiffin, Ohio. He received a common school 
education, and remained at home until his mar- 
riage, in Tiffin, to the lady who has been his 
faithful companion and helpmeet, — Sybilla 

Fruth. Mrs. Souder is a native of Seneca 
County, Ohio, and is a daughter of George and 
Margaret (Shubach) Fruth, natives of Ger- 
many. Soon after their marriage, Mr. and 
Mrs. Fruth removed to Seneca County; they 
are now deceased ; a daughter is still living at 
the old homestead. Mr. Souder followed farm- 
ing in Ohio with good success, owning at dif- 
ferent times several farms, all of which were 
improved and sold to advantage. He served 
the government for a time during the war, in 
the barracks at Lima, Ohio, but was not in serv- 
ice in the field. Since coming to Kansas, he 
has devoted himself exclusively to farming. 
He is not one of those that fear the recurrence 
of drought, holding that wet weather has done 
Kansas more damage than the lack of moisture. 

Mr. and Mrs. Souder have reared seven 
children, as follows: Lucy M., wife of E. C. 
Hicks; William, who died in Ohio when three 
years old; Adam, who died in Cherokee Coun- 
ty at the age of 14 years; George, who died 
in Cherokee County at the age of nine years ; 
W. H., operating and residing on the home 
farm, who married Anna Bergman, and has 
six children,— Gladys, George, John, Anna, 
Albert and Ralph; Charles A., a farmer of 
Ross township, Cherokee County, who married 
Birdie Reesman, and has three children, — 
Henry, Lyle and Cleda; and Anna, who died 
on the home farm when a child of six years. 

E. C. Flicks, son-in-law of Mr. Souder, 
owns a 120-acre farm in section 6, Salamanca 
township, and 80 acres in section 1, Lola town- 
ship. He was born at Tremont, Illinois, in 
1859. He is a son of Elah Hicks, now of Coal 
Center, Pennsylvania. Mr. Hicks came to 
Cherokee County with his parents. He learned 
telegraphy at Columbus, and spent about 20 
years in the service of railroad companies, being 
with the Missouri Pacific for years at different 
points. He is independent, in politics, and is a 
member of the Masons (Blue Lodge and Chap- 



ter), and of the A. O. U. W., I. O. O. F., and 
the O. R. T. Mr. and Mrs. Hicks have had 
four children, — Edna; Gladys; Archie; and 
Lee, who is now deceased. 

The above constitutes a brief review of one 
of Cherokee County's best families. Mr. Sou- 
lier takes little part in politics ; he is a Populist, 
in principle, but reserves the right to vote inde- 
pendently. He belongs to the German Evan- 
gelical Church. The esteem in which he and 
his family are held throughout the county is 

OHN McLAUGHLIN. Among the 
early settlers of Cherokee County, 
Kansas, the late John McLaughlin 
took a prominent part, for he was a 
man of sterling traits of character, a promoter 
of all enterprises undertaken for the public 
good, and one, who, while working for the wel- 
fare of his family, remembered the claims of 
education and morality. He was born in Coun- 
ty Derry, Ireland, December 22, 1825, and 
died on November 29, 1874, in Cherokee Coun- 
ty, Kansas. His parents were William and 
Mary (Patterson) McLaughlin. 

The parents of Mr. McLaughlin spent their 
whole lives in Ireland. The four of their nine 
children who came to America, were, — John, 
the subject of this record; William, a resident 
of Mercer County, Illinois; Matilda and Jane. 
John McLaughlin grew up on his father's 
small farm, which he continued to assist in cul- 
tivating until he reached the age of 21 years, 
when he learned the carpenter's trade, which 
was his main occupation through life. After 
coming to America, he settled in Allen County, 
Indiana, where he married. In 1855, he re- 
moved with his wife to Richland County, Wis- 
consin, where he was engaged in farming for 
a time. Then he went to Illinois, and rented 
a farm in Mercer County until 186G, when he 

located in Johnson County, Kansas. In the 
spring of 1867 he came to Cherokee County. 
He secured 160 acres of wild land in Sheridan 
township, to which he later added 160 more, 
which was subsequently found rich in coal de- 
posits, and was sold to a coal company. 

Those pioneers who settled in Sheridan 
township as early as 1867, only 10 years later 
than the arrival of the first settler who dared 
fate by establishing a home in this Indian reser- 
vation, had still much to contend with, — the 
subjugation of Nature in the clearing of their 
lands, the protection of their families and flocks 
from the savages and wild beasts, and the en- 
durance of drudgery and deprivations of every 
kind, being inevitable incidents of those days 
on the frontier. Mr. McLaughlin had the great 
advantage of possessing a wife who was his 
cheerful, helpful assistant in every emergency, 
and one to whom he always gave much credit 
for his success. While he cleared his land, and 
made the fine improvements which mark it as 
one of the valuable farms of the township, he 
continued to work at his trade. He built struct- 
ures of all kinds throughout the county, includ- 
ing the first house in Oswego, Kansas, and 
many of the churches and school houses, which 
bear their own testimony to the educational and 
moral status of the good people of Cherokee 

In Allen County, Indiana, on January 9, 
1852, Mr. McLaughlin married Isabel Orr, 
who was born in March, 183 1, in County 
Derry, Ireland, and is a daughter of James and 
Jane Orr, both of whom were natives of Coun- 
ty Derry. Mr. Orr came to America in 1834 
and settled at Trenton, Ohio, later moving to 
Allen County, Indiana, where he and his wife 
spent the remainder of their lives on their farm. 
The three survivors of their nine children are, — 
William, who lives on the homestead in In- 
diana; Annie, who resides at Ovid, Michigan; 
and Mrs. McLaughlin. The five children born 




to Mr. and Mrs. McLaughlin were, — Alvin, 
who is a prominent citizen of Chandler, Okla- 
homa, where he is treasurer of Lincoln County, 
and a large land owner; James Orr, deceased 
at the age of 38 years, who was a farmer in 
Ross township, Cherokee County ; William and 
Willis, twins, of whom the former is night 
watchman in mine No. 8, West Mineral, and 
the latter is a lumber dealer at Wellington, 
Kansas; and Mary (Mrs. Alexander Hudson), 
who resides in West Mineral. 

Mr. McLaughlin became a member- of the 
Republican party soon after its organization, 
and continued his identification with it until 
his death. He was a prominent figure in coun- 
ty politics for years, filled many township offi- 
ces, and was a member of the Board of County 
Commissioners. For years he was active in 
the Presbyterian Church, being one of the el- 
ders, and was always interested in the work of 
the Sunday-school. Wherever known, he was 
respected and esteemed. 

Mrs. McLaughlin still survives, and until 
1904 she continued to reside on the home farm 
in section 12, township 32, range 22, in Sheri- 
dan township, the place in which she and her 
late husband had spent so many happy years 
together. She now resides in a pleasant home 
in West Mineral, surrounded by all the com- 
forts grateful to advancing years, and beloved 
by her family and friends. 

Mayor of Baxter Springs, a promi- 
nent and successful business man, 
conducting the largest general store 
in the city and identified with farming and min- 
ing interests in Cherokee County, was born 
December 11, 1841, at Eldara, Pike County, 
Illinois, and is a son of Isaiah and Elizabeth 
(Sigsworth) Cooper. 


Isaiah Cooper was born June 18, 181 7, in 
Virginia, and in boyhood moved to Pike 
County, Illinois, where he later became a suc- 
cessful farmer. He married Elizabeth Sigs- 
worth, a daughter of Joseph and Anna (Jor- 
den) Sigsworth, farming people of Pike 
County, who came originally from England. 
The children of Isaiah Cooper and wife were : 
John Milton, of this sketch ; Joseph H., of Bax- 
ter Springs; Ann Elizabeth, wife of B. F. 
Townsend, of Santa Anna, California; William 
Shepherd, of Kansas City; Isaiah Matheny, of 
Santa Anna, California; George Elliott, of the 
Indian Territory; Andrew Eugene, of Miami, 
Indian Territory ; Blanche Ellen, wife of Bra- 
ziller L. Naylor, of Wagner, Indian Territory ; 
Benjamin F., who died at the age of 45 years; 
and Charles Albert, who is engaged in farming 
in Kansas. 

Isaiah Cooper engaged in a mercantile busi- 
ness at New Salem, Illinois, and prior to i860 
owned and operated a flouring mill, with an 
output of 100 barrels daily. He was not only 
an enterprising and successful business man, 
but he was also a patriotic one. In May, 1 862, 
he enlisted and was made captain of Company 
K, 99th Reg. Illinois Vol. Inf., and' at Black- 
River Bridge, near Vicksburg, he was in a 
furious engagement with the enemy, and while 
gallantly leading his command was so wounded 
that he lost an arm. He was invalided home 
and later was honorably discharged. After 
recuperating, Mr. Cooper resumed his farming 
operations and remained in the vicinity of New 
Salem until 1867, when he removed to Chero- 
kee County, Kansas. He located some six miles 
west of Baxter Springs, and also operated a 
general store in Baxter Springs for a time. He 
then resumed farming and was so occupied 
until his death on February 8, 1895. His wife 
had died on January 16, 1884. Thus passed 
away two most worthy and esteemed residents 
of Cherokee County. 



John M. Cooper was educated in the public 
schools of Pike County, Illinois, and completed 
his school course at the age of 18 years. On 
May 24, 1861, at the age of 20 years.he enlisted 
in Company K, 16th Reg., Illinois Vol. Inf.. 
and until he was honorably discharged in 1864 
took part in many of the conclusive battles of 
the war, notably those of Resaca; the fighting 
along the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad; 
Island No. 10; Pittsburg Landing and the siege 
of Corinth. Although he was, with his com- 
mand, near enough to witness the battle of 
Chattanooga, they were not engaged in it. The 
most severe engagement in which he partici- 
pated was that at Buzzards' Roost, in which 400 
men made a gallant charge, capturing the 
enemy's works, but sustaining a loss of no 
men. Mr. Cooper was with his regiment until 
the expiration of his term of enlistment and 
was discharged May 24. 1864, at Springfield, 

After his return home, he entered a com- 
mercial college at St. Louis, from which he 
received five certificates and a diploma. He 
next opened a mercantile establishment at New 
Salem, Illinois, and remained there for two 
years and subsequently engaged in farming 
until 1868, when he removed to Baxter 
Springs, Kansas. He has made this city his 
permanent home and is here interested in farm- 
ing, mining and storekeeping. He is the head 
of the largest general store in Baxter Springs. 
carrying a complete stock of large value. 

Since 1877 Mr. Cooper has been identified 
with the mining interests of the county, and 
was one of the original members of the Galena 
Mining & Smelting Company, which laid out 
the town-site of Galena and he was one of the 
heaviest stockholders. He is now president 
of the John M. Cooper M. & M. Company. 
which was organized with a capital stock of 
$100,000. Mr. Cooper had one of the first 
: she first store, in Galena, 

on Main street, and he still has a store on Main 
street. The John M. Cooper M. & M. Com- 
pany owns over 3,000 acres of rich mineral 
lands, from which a handsome royalty is 

On September 24, 1868, Mr. Cooper was 
married to Emily Little, daughter of Thomas 
and Sarah (Keyes) Little, farming people of 
Pike County, Illinois. They have had these 
children : Laura May, Ida Lee, Jessie Milton 
and John Isaiah. Laura May is the wife of 
\Y. E. Price, manager of the Cooper Drug 
Company, of Joplin, Missouri. They have five 
children, — Herbert Williamson, born Septem- 
ber 25, 1893; Earl Cooper, born December 13, 
1894. deceased in childhood; Helen, born Oc- 
tober 25, 1896, deceased; Jessie June, born 
July 28, 1898, and Laurence Wallace, born 
July 31, 1900. Ida Lee married Charles F. 
Noble, of Baxter Springs, an oil speculator, and 
has had three children, — Clara May, born Jan- 
uary 1, 1893; John Franklin, born July 14, 
1895; an d Scott Osborne, born March 2, 1898, 
who died in infancy. Jessie Milton, born Jan- 
uary 22, 1880, and John Isaiah, born August 
12, 1889, live at home. Upon this happy family 
circle fell a crushing bereavement, in the death 
of Mrs. Cooper, who passed away at Baxter 
Springs on July 27, 1904. She was a woman 
of rare character, one who was adored by her 
family and loved by her friends. She was a 
ministering angel to those in need and a support 
of the weak and wavering in her own circle or 
wherever her gentle influence was needed. In 
her the Episcopal Church lost a devoted mem- 
ber. She was a charter member of the first lodge 
of the Order of the Eastern Star, at Baxter 

] Springs. 

Mr. Cooper has always been an active Re- 

! publican. He has been a member of the City 

i Council, and during two terms served the city 
as mayor. He is president of the Inter-State 

■ Reunion Association and a member of the 



Grand Army of the Republic. He is a 32c! 
degree Mason, and an Elk, and formerly be- 
longed to the Knights of Pythias and the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen. His portrait 
accompanies this sketch. 

B. HENDERSON, whose real estate, 
loan, rental, insurance and abstract 
offices are located in the Crowell 
Building, Columbus, Kansas, has 
been in business in this city since April 28, 
1885. He was born October 5, 1862, at Deer 
Creek, Pickaway County, Ohio, and is a son 
of John and Margaret (Thomas) Henderson. 
John Henderson was born in Pennsylvania 
and was 10 years old when his parents removed 
to Ohio and located in Pickaway County, 
where the family lived until 1885. They 
moved thence to Bates County, Missouri, where 
John Henderson bought a farm. There Mr. 
Henderson died, April 7, 1900, aged 67 years, 
but his widow still resides in Bates County. 
Mr. Henderson was an active Democrat and, 
being a man of education and responsibility, 
was frequently elected to local offices. 

The subject of this sketch was reared and 
educated in Pickaway County, Ohio, and from 
his 17th to his 2 1 st year was engaged in teach- 
ing school there. Then he went to Nebraska 
where he was employed as a solicitor in the 
organ, piano and sewing machine business, and 
gained much necessary experience, by coming 
into contact with the great public. On locating 
at Columbus he entered upon his present line 
of business, and has become interested in, and 
identified with, a number of the successful min- 
ing operations of this section. He is secretary 
and treasurer of the S. H. & S. Mining Com- 
pany, which has its headquarters at Columbus 
and its mines at Peacock, where the company 
has a mill and developing plant. He is also 

secretary and treasurer of the T. P. La Rue 
Investment Company, of which H. A. La Rue 
is president. This company was organized in 
April, 1902, with a capital of $12,000, and 
owns the Opera House Building. He is also 
secretary of the Electric Investment Company, 
organized at Columbus, with a capital of $20,- 
000, the stock being backed by land adjoining 
Columbus on the east and north. Mr. Hender- 
son also owns stock in the Cherokee County 
Lumber Company ; he is interested in consider- 
able oil land in Appallatchie, Oklahoma; in 
mining land at Galena and on Spring River at 
Badger and Peacock; he owns, with D. M. 
Bliss, 1,400 acres of farming land, which yields 
about 500 tons of hay, besides other farm prod- 
ucts, and has a farm of his own, of 400 acres, 
in this county. 

Mr. Henderson married a daughter of Lorin 
W. Camp, who was born and reared at Clay- 
ton, Illinois. Mr. Camp was born at Camptown, 
Pennsylvania, where he married a Miss Ed- 
wards, born at Laceyville, and they later re- 
moved to Illinois. Their two children were 
Mrs. Henderson and Dr. J. E. Camp, of Brook- 
lyn, Illinois. Mrs. Henderson's father was a 
piano tuner and also a teacher of music, and 
for a long time was manager for the musical 
negro wonder, "Blind Boone." In 1887, Mr. 
and Mrs. Camp located at Wichita, Kansas, 
and in June, 1898, removed to Columbus, where 
Mr. Camp died November 12, 1903, at the age 
of J2> years. He was a man of great musical 
ability, and was known to the profession and 
the public over a large extent of country. Mrs. 
Camp resides with her daughter. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henderson have three sons, 
Lynn Camp, Leslie Thomas, and John, aged 

14 years, nine years and one month respec- 
tively. Mr. Henderson occupies a handsome 
residence which he has built within a park of 

15 acres, where he gratifies his taste for breed- 
ing high-grade stock and horses. Politically 



a Democrat, he lias never accepted office be- 
yond serving as chairman and secretary of the 
Democratic County Central Committee. His 
fraternal connections include the Knights of 
Pythias, of Columbus, in which he has served 
in all the chairs; the Elks of Galena; the Mod- 
ern Woodmen of America, of Columbus ; and 
the Knights and Ladies of Security, of the 
same city. 

Mr. Henderson and his wife were reared 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mrs. Hen- 
derson inherits much of her father's musical 
taste and ability, and at her former home in 
Clayton, Illinois, served as the church organist. 

senior member of the firm of Mc- 
Clellan, Revell, Iliff & Newton, all 
leading medical practitioners of 
Cherokee County, was born in 1864, at War- 
rensburg, Johnson County, Missouri, and is a 
son of Dr. Andrew Jackson and Sarah (Rown- 
tree) McClellan. 

Dr. Andrew Jackson McClellan was born 
in 1834 in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, and died 
at Weir City, Kansas, in 1898, aged 64 years. 
His widow, who is a native of Kentucky, still 
survives and resides with her son, George B. 
The late Dr. McClellan attended the Michigan 
Medical University through 1858 and 1859 and 
at the outbreak of the Civil War was made a 
post surgeon, in the Federal Army. After its 
close he practiced at Baxter Springs, Cherokee 
County, Kansas, until 1895, when he settled 
at Weir City, where his death occurred, as 
stated. In political action, he was a Democrat. 
During several years of his residence at Baxter 
Springs, he served on the pension board. He 
was one of the early and prominent physicians 
of the county, and was both esteemed and be- 

Dr. George B. McClellan was the only child 
of his parents to reach maturity. His mental 
training was pursued first at Baxter Springs, 
and later at Kansas City and in Gleason's 
Academy at Chicago. He read medicine with 
his father, whom he gratified by choosing the 
same profession, and then acquired practical 
experience in a drug store. In 1894 he grad- 
uated in medicine at the Northwestern Medical 
College of Missouri, and in the same year set- 
tled at Weir City. Here he has been success- 
fully engaged in practice ever since, first alone, 
and later in association with other eminent 
physicians whom he has called into association 
with him. Dr. McClellan conducts his office 
at Weir City in conjunction with Dr. C. B. 
Coss, formerly of Topeka ; Dr. A. T. Revell 
has an office at Scammon ; Dr. D. A. Iliff is 
located at Cherokee; while Dr. Newton opened 
at office at Chicopee. These physicians and 
surgeons individually and collectively attend to 
a large proportion of the sick, injured and 
afflicted throughout the coal mining region, and 
all are men of proved ability and high char- 

In 1895, Dr. McClellan was married to 
Lillian Revell, who is a sister of Dr. A. T. Re- 
vell. They have two children, — Adelaide and 
Robert Crowe, both of whom were born at 
Weir City. 

Politically, Dr. McClellan is a Republican, 
but takes no very active part in politics. He is 
a member of the Cherokee County Medical As- 
sociation ; the Southeastern Kansas Medical 
Association ; the Kansas State Medical Asso- 
ciation ; the American Medical Association, and 
other State and county organizations, contrib- 
uting to their literature, and keeping fully 
abreast of the times in scientific thought. Fra- 
ternally he is a member of the Masons, Odd 
Fellows, Knights of Pythias, Modern Wood- 
men of America, A. O. U. W. and several other 
societies. He is the medical examiner of the 


2 53 

Modern Woodmen of America and the A. O. 
U. W. Personally, the Doctor has a wide circle 
of warm freinds, and professionally, he enjoys 
the confidence of the general public. 

HOMAS C. WEAVER, one of the 
honored survivors of the great Civil 
War, who is a well known business 
citizen of Baxter Springs, and a jus- 
tice of the peace in Cherokee County, was 
born in Kosciusko County, Indiana, July 14, 
1840, and is a son of George and Hannah 
( Moss) Weaver. 

The Weaver family has descended from 
Dutch, Scotch and Irish ancestry. The father 
of our subject was born in Clark County, Ohio, 
where he was educated and engaged in a mer- 
cantile business until the age of 25 years, when 
he removed to Kosciusko County, Indiana, and 
embarked in cattle dealing, continuing in this 
business until 1854. The remainder of his life 
was spent in farming in DeWitt County, Illi- 
nois, where he died at the advanced age of 89 
years. He married Hannah Moss, whose pa- 
rents were natives of Ohio ; she died at the age 
of 83 years. They had issue as follows : Lou- 
isa, wife of A. D. Cackley, who was in an ex- 
press transfer business at Clinton, Illinois, but 
is now retired ; Josephine, wife of J. D.Mitchell, 
who was a farmer and stock-raiser of DeWitt 
County, Illinois; Thomas C, of this sketch; 
Henry, who died in infancy ; Martha and Car- 
oline, who died in childhood; Mary and Hor- 
ace (twins), who died in infancy; Harvey V., 
who is manager of a sanitarium at Onarga, Iro- 
quois County, Illinois; and Charles F., who is 
a merchant at Atlanta, Illinois. 

Thomas C. Weaver received his early edu- 
cation in the schools of DeWitt County, Illi- 
nois, which he attended during the winter sea- 
sons until he became of age. His summers 

were devoted to agricultural pursuits on his 
father's farm. The stirring events of the early 
months of 1861 aroused his loyalty and he tes- 
tified to the reality of his patriotism by enlist- 
ing for service in the Civil War, on July 13, 
1 86 1, and he was mustered into the army on 
August 5th, entering Company C, 41st Reg., 
Illinois Vol. Inf. He served two years and re- 
enlisted as a veteran, on December 18, 1863. 
On April 12, 1864, he was transferred to the 
Veteran Battalion and was promoted to the 
rank of sergeant-major. Later he was trans- 
ferred to the 53d Reg., Illinois Vol. Inf., as ser- 
geant major, on April 24, 1865, and was pro- 
moted to the rank of 1st lieutenant, to date 
from April 7, 1865. He was finally mustered 
out at Louisville, Kentucky, on July 22, 1865. 
It will thus be seen that Mr. Weaver served 
over four years and during this time he partic- 
ipated in many of the most serious battles of 
the war, including: Fort Donelson, Fort Heil- 
man, siege of Vicksburg, Hatchie River, Ben- 
tonville, Coldwater, Jackson and many minor 

After the close of the war, Mr. Weaver re- 
turned to the peaceful pursuit of farming, in 
which he continued until 1882 in DeWitt 
County, Illinois, and then came to Cherokee 
County, Kansas, and engaged in a hardware 
business for two years, and subsequently spent 
four years in the grocery business. Since then 
his time has been engaged in the management 
of a successful insurance business at Baxter 
Springs and in attending to his magisterial du- 
ties as justice of the peace. 

On September 20, 1870, Mr. Weaver was 
married to Ella Scroggin, who is a daughter 
of Humphrey Scroggin, a farmer of Logan 
County, Illinois. The five children of this mar- 
riage were: Edwin, who died aged two years; 
Alberta Maud, who died aged 12 years; 
George, who died aged four years; Olive (Mrs. 
W. C. Anderson), of Fort Scott, Kansas; and 



Nellie, who resides at home. The family at- 
tend the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

From his earliest voting days, Mr. Weaver 
has been a stanch supporter of the Republican 
party, and he has frequently been called upon 
to assume the duties of office. In Illinois he 
was a member of the local School Board and 
held the same office at Baxter Springs, of which 
city he was treasurer for six years. For, the 
past seven years he has filled his present judi- 
cial position, the powers of which he has many 
times used to quietly settle differences without 
resorting to continued litigation. His decisions 
have been very generally supported and his 
personal integrity has never been questioned. 

Since the organization of the camp of the 
Modern Woodmen of America at Baxter 
Springs in 1889, Mr. Weaver has served as 
clerk. He is a member and' the treasurer of the 
local lodge of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen ; belongs also to the Knights of 
Pythias and the Independent Order cf Odd 
Fellows, and is serving his fourth term as com- 
mander of the local G. A. R. post, of which 
he is a charter member. 

[LLIAM W. BRANSON, one of the 
highly respected citizens of Ross 
township, Cherokee County, lo- 
cated in section 32, township 31, 
range 23, is also a survivor of that gallant array 
which marched out in defense of the country's 
integrity, in the stormy days of 1861. He was 
born in Harrison County, Ohio, May 10, 1837. 
and is a son of Abraham and Ann W. (Wil- 
son) Branson. 

Abraham Branson was born in Loudoun 
County, Virginia, and the mother, in Penn- 
sylvania. They were married at Bridgeport, 
Ohio, where our subject's father was in the 
business of manufacturing woolen goods. Thev 

had seven children : Lindley, Rachel, Jona- 
than, Elizabeth, William W., John C. and 
Abraham, the survivors being our subject and 
Elizabeth and Abraham, both of whom reside 
in Harrison County, Ohio. 

William W. Branson obtained his educa- 
tion in the schools of Harrison County, and 
remained at home, assisting his father, until 21 
years of age. He then made a visit to Cedar 
and Muscatine counties, Iowa, and while there, 
in April, 1861, he enlisted for three months, 
in Company C, 1st Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., and 
took part in the battle of Wilson's Creek and 
later was mustered out. Seeing that the war 
would continue, he re-enlisted, entering Com- 
pany C, 98th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., and partici- 
pated in many of the most terrible battles of 
the unhappy struggle. From Chattanooga he 
marched with his regiment through Georgia 
and on, with Sherman's army, to the sea, and 
took part in the battles at Resaca, Peach Tree 
Creek, Kenesaw Mountain, Atlanta and Jones- 
boro, and in innumerable skirmishes, his last 
fight being at Bentonville, North Carolina. His 
was an unusual case, for he was much exposed 
but was neither captured nor wounded and 
when he was finally discharged at Camp Den- 
nison. he was able to go back to the farm and 
resume his work. 

Prior to enlisting. Mr. Branson had mar- 
ried, in February, i860, Amanda Sergeant, 
who was born in Harrison County, Ohio, and 
died in 1873. She was tne mother of seven 
children, viz : Hortense, who married J. H. 
Jacobs, a farmer of Oklahoma; Russell W., 
postmaster at Cherokee, Kansas, who married 
Edith Glover; Mary Ann, who is the wife of 
J. S. Larimer, of Greenwood County, Kansas ; 
Rachel E., who is the wife of F. M. Curry, of 
Argentine, Kansas; Loretta, who is the wife of 
Montgomery Boore, a farmer of Cherokee 
County; Lizzie, who is the wife of George 
Millard, of Crawford County. Kansas; and 



John H., who married Huldah Johnson and re- 
sides at Argentine, Kansas. 

Mr. Branson was married, second, to Kate 
Marsh, who was born in Noble County, Ohio, 
and they have one daughter, Elsie Edith. 

In 1878 Mr. Branson settled with his fam- 
ily, in Cherokee County, Kansas, for a period 
of four months and then bought a farm of 80 
acres in Crawford County, which he operated 
some years. In 1888 he bought one half of 
section 29, township 31, range 23, in Ross 
township, for a brother, and remained on that 
place until 1891. Since then he has rented his 
present farm in section 32, a property that 
shows evidences of good management. 

Politically Mr. Branson is identified with 
the Republican party. He has never desired 
political recognition, and is satisfied to do his 
full duty as a citizen and to permit others the 
honors of office. He is a member of the Meth- 
odist Church. 

HOMAS HAYNES. Old England, the 
little island upon whose possessions 
the sun never sets, has a number, of 
representatives in Cherokee County, 
and as a rule they are classed among her most 
thrifty citizens. The biographer is privileged 
to present here the name of one who, although 
born under the Union Jack, received the bap- 
tism of fire in the Civil War, which made him 
forever a "child of the republic." Thomas 
Haynes is a farmer who has for the past 27 
years resided in section 35, township 32, range 
23, in Ross township. He was born in Shrop- 
shire, England, March 29, 1834. 

William and Hannah Haynes, his parents, 
were both natives of the same English shire.- 
The father, who was a cooper by trade, died in 
middle life, in 1839; the mother lived to the 
old age of 84 years. They reared a family of 
five children, of whom Margaret, the eldest, is 

now deceased ; Hannah still resides in England ; 
Mary, also, is deceased; John resides in Mc- 
Lean County, Illinois; and Thomas is the sub- 
ject of this review. 

During the boyhood and early manhood of 
Thomas Haynes, there was small chance for 
him to procure an education, owing to the fact 
that his father died when he was but five years 
old. He early became inured to toil and hard- 
ship of the severest kind, and it was the hope 
of bettering his condition that led him, when 
but a lad, to embark for America. Here he 
secured work on a farm, and was engaged at 
that occupation when the war cloud burst upon 
the country in 1861 ; at that time he was near 
Bloomington, Illinois. He was among the first 
in his neighborhood to enlist, and became a 
private in Company B, 52d Reg., Illinois Vol. 
Inf. He was mustered in at St. Joseph, 
Missouri, and arrived at the front in time to 
participate in the fight at Fort Donelson. The 
bloody battle of Shiloh followed. In both of 
these the subject of this sketch took the part 
of a soldier, after which, on account of failing 
health, he was detailed as a driver in the am- 
bulance corps. In this position he continued 
with the Army of the West in its different 
operations, finally winding up with Sherman in 
his memorable "March to the Sea." His 
health now became so much impaired that it 
was necessary for him to return from the front, 
and he spent the remaining few months of the 
war in a hospital at Coney Island, New York. 
He rejoined his regiment but a few days be- 
fore the final discharge of its members at Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, July 3. 1865. He now draws 
a pension of $17 per month. 

Returning to Bloomington, Illinois, he re- 
mained in that vicinity for, about n years, 
thence moving, in 1877, to Cherokee County, 
Kansas. During the first year he rented a farm 
in Ross township, and then purchased the place 
on which he now resides. It contained 160 

2 5 6 


acres, only 25 of which had been broken, and 
on it was nothing but a small box house — no 
fences, no trees, — in fact the splendid farm 
property which he now possesses is the product 
of his own brawn and brain. His first crops 
were corn and flax, but he later branched out 
and took up the line of the diversified farmer, 
in which he has nlade so signal a success. 

The marriage of the subject of this sketch 
was consummated in October, 1866, when he 
was wedded to Sarah Buzard, a native of Ohio. 
To them were born seven children, as follows : 
William, who died, aged 17 years; Clara (Mrs. 
Ernest Thatcher) ; John, a farmer of Ross 
township, Cherokee County; Anna, who mar- 
ried Jacob McCune, a farmer now residing 
near Kansas City; Sarah Agnes (Mrs. Fred 
Green), of Scammon, Cherokee County; 
Frank, a farmer of Lola township, Cherokee 
County; and Howard, who now manages the 
home place, his father having retired from 
active work about five years ago. 

The life of Mr. Haynes during his resi- 
dence in the county has been that of a quiet 
and industrious farmer. He has never aspired 
to office, but in politics votes the Republican 
ticket. He and his wife are consistent and 
worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and in the large circle of their ac- 
quaintance they are held in the highest regard. 

LEM LISLE, deceased, formerly county 
treasurer of Cherokee County, and 
for many years one of its most prom- 
inent citizens, located here as one of 
the early settlers, and for 18 years was identi- 
fied with its agricultural, business and political 
life. Mr. Lisle was born February 8, 1824, in 
Wayne or Holmes County, Ohio, and died at 
Los Angeles, California, December 9, 1887. 
Mr. Lisle received the best mental training 

the local schools afforded, and in 1846 began 
farming in his native State. Two years later, 
he removed to Berlin, Holmes County, Ohio, 
where he embarked in the grocery business, 
which he continued until the discovery of gold 
in California aroused the adventurous spirit of 
the youth of the land; in 1850 he sold his 
grocery and went to the West. There he en- 
gaged in mining for two years, and then re- 
turned to Ohio, where he bought 80 acres of 
good land in Allen County. This continued to 
be his home until 1856, when he moved to Lima 
and was there engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness until 1868. 

Deciding to select a permanent home in the 
West, Mr. Lisle removed to Kansas City, and 
a year passed before he had definitely settled 
upon a locality which he considered most desir- 
able. In the fall of 1868 he returned to Ohio, 
settled up his affairs, and came back to Kansas 
in the spring of 1869, locating on the "Mili- 
tary Road" in Cherokee County, not far from 
Baxter Springs. Mr. Lisle was a man of cau- 
tion and excellent judgment, and, after a care- 
ful survey of the country, he purchased a sec- 
tion of land in Shawnee township, where all 
the desirable conditions of fine prairie land and 
good water supply were combined. Here he 
conducted a large stock farm for six years, 
dealing principally in Texas cattle, buying, 
feeding and selling. When ready for the mar- 
ket the cattle were driven to Carthage, Mis- 
souri, whence they were shipped by railroad: 
This business was very successful, as were all 
of Mr. Lisle's enterprises, managed as they 
were with the greatest good judgment and fore- 
thought. In 1873 his Republican friends in- 
sisted upon his accepting the office of county 
treasurer, and he served in this capacity four 
years and four months, — up to 1878. He 
served also as councilman at Columbus, and 
was always actively interested in the success 
of his party. 




After closing his service as treasurer, Mr. 
Lisle devoted his attention to the buying and 
selling of real estate, and improved about 12 
different farms. At the time of his decease, he 
left four fine farms. He was largely interested 
also in lead mining at Webb City and Galena, 
being one of the first investors upon the discov- 
ery of ore there. 

Mr. Lisle was a Mason, a member of the 
Blue Lodge and Chapter at Columbus and the 
Commandery at Oswego, and with his wife was 
a member of the Order of the Eastern Star. As 
an Odd Fellow he was very prominent, and had 
the honor of instituting Lodge No. 56, at Co- 

At the age of 20 years, Mr. Lisle was first 
married to Lamenta Steel, of Wayne County, 
Ohio. She died at Lima, Ohio, in 1867. The 
second marriage of Mr. Lisle took place Feb- 
ruary 16, 1869, when he wedded Anna Jen- 
kins, of Lima, Ohio, who still survives, and is 
one of the most highly esteemed ladies of Co- 
lumbus. The death of Mr. Lisle left her with 
many business responsibilities. With remark- 
able ability she has successfully handled them. 
For about 10 years she conducted the four 
farms which came into her possession, and then 
disposed of two of them ; she still manages the 
other two, which are located within 10 miles 
of Columbus. She also retains her interests 
in the mines at Galena. 

For a number of years it had been Mr. and 
Mrs. Lisle's pleasant custom to winter in Cal- 
ifornia and. as the climate seemed to agree 
with them, he was making preparations to es- 
tablish a permanent home there, at the time of 
his death. 

Mrs. Lisle has probably traveled more ex- 
tensively than any other resident of Cherokee 
County. She has made 20 trips across the 
continent, and has enjoyed all the advantages 
which wealth and leisure afford in her own 
country. She has also extended her travels 

through England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, 
Italy, Switzerland and Russia, and is one of 
the few American ladies who have penetrated 
to the northernmost city of Hammerfest, and 
rounded the North Cape, in the "Land of the 
Midnight Sun." It is gratifying to her, own 
people and to the city of her residence espe- 
cially, that one who has enjoyed such unusual 
opportunities to see the finest and best things 
of other lands, should prefer to return to the 
old home, and pass the evening of her life 
among old surroundings, satisfied with the re- 
spect and affection of old friends. 

Columbus, whose portrait accompa- 
nies this sketch, is a son of Alvin 
and Rhoda Dennison, and was torn 
fin his father's farm, in the town of Floyd, 
Oneida County. New York, November 24, 

On his father's side he is descended from 
William Dennison, who came from the north 
part of England, and settled in Roxbury, Con- 
necticut, in 1 63 1, and on his mother's side from 
George Potter, who emigrated from England, 
and settled in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, in 

His ancestors on both sides fought in Crom- 
well's army in England ; in this country fought 
for the English King in the French and Indian 
wars ; against the King in the War of the 
Revolution, and the War of 1812: and for the 
Union in the War of the Rebellion. 

He attended district school until 14 years 
old, then went to the Whitstown Seminary 
three years, after which he taught district 
school four years, returning home every year 
until 21 years old to work on the farm during 

When about 21 years old, he commenced 
the study of medicine with Dr. Babcock. who 



resided in Oriskany, Oneida County, New 
York. Alter studying with the doctor about a 
year and a half lie attended one course of lec- 
tures at the Albany Medical College. Dr. Bab- 
cock was a popular doctor, and had a very large 
practice, conducted by himself and a Dr. White, 
assisted by one or more students. On entering 
the office as a student, he was immediately sup- 
plied with a horse and sulky, saddle-bags, medi- 
cine, tooth instruments, and' put on the road to 
practice medicine, and kept on the road every 
day, including Sundays. 

In the summer of 1851 his health failed; 
he was weary in body and mind, with symp- 
toms of the dreaded disease consumption. Rest 
and change of climate were prescribed, and a 
trip to Chicago recommended'. In September, 
1 85 1, he traveled from Rome, New York, by 
passenger boat on the Erie Canal to Buffalo, 
from Buffalo to Detroit by lake steamer, from 
Detroit to New Buffalo by the Michigan Cen- 
tral Railroad, then by steamboat to Chicago. 

Chicago was then a city of from 25,000 to 
30,000 people, with mostly wooden houses, lo- 
cated on a mud flat, from six to eight feet 
above the waters of the lake. The streets in 
many places were almost impassable, loaded 
teams often being stuck in mud holes in the 
business streets ; there were no railroads, the 
Galena & Chicago Union Railroad being then in 
process of construction, running a few miles 
north by west, but not in condition to do much 
business; there was no good money, the money 
then used in Chicago having only a local value; 
times were hard and trade poor, and everybody 
wanted to sell out at almost any price, a lot near 
the lake front 100 by 120 feet being offered 
him for $100. 

Mr. Dennison remained in Chicago about 
two weeks and then traveled from Chicago by 
stage to Rockford, which town he made his 
headquarters for about a month, visiting Tanes- 
ville. Belvidere, Dixon and other towns. Dur- 

ing this period he hunted and got lost on the 
vast unsettled prairies, fished in Rock River 
and other streams, and had a splendid time, 
being greatly improved in health. 

Here was a fine looking, fertile country, 
with a healthy climate, that produced wonder- 
ful crops, but there was no market for anything, 
no railroads, or any prospect for railroads, no 
navigable rivers and no canals. Some grain 
three years old was still in stacks, not worth 
threshing and hauling to market. 

The people had no money, lived in poor 
houses unsuitable for that harsh climate with 
very little furniture, wore poor clothes, but had 
plenty to eat, such as they raised. When they 
needed salt or medicine, two or more farmers 
clubbed together, hauled loads of pork or, wheat 
to Chicago, camped out on the trip, and sold 
pork from one to two cents a pound, wheat at 
about 30 cents a bushel, the trip consumed 
from five to eight days. 

From Rockford to Galena, Illinois, he trav- 
eled by stage, the last day of the trip being 
election day. Galena was then famous for its 
lead products, but it had seen its best days, and 
the production of lead was decreasing rapidly. 

As Mr. Dennison could not figure out any 
speedy outlook of prosperity for Chicago, or 
the country tributary to it, he concluded to 
visit the Sunny South. 

Here was the mistake of his life, but con- 
sidering the experience and information he then 
possessed, no other conclusion could be reached. 
His own native country in a hundred years had 
made very slow progress, notwithstanding it 
had a navigable river (the Mohawk), later the 
Erie Canal, and still later the New York Cen- 
tral Railroad. The building of railroads at 
that time progressed very slowly. Capital 
avoided railroads. He could not foresee that 
Chicago and the country tributary thereto 
would in a few years be literally covered with 
railroads, and the country built up as by magic. 



Mr. Dennison journeyed on a Mississippi 
River steamboat to St. Louis and found that 
city a dead town. Alton was then claiming to 
be the coming city. 

After staying in St. Louis about a week, he 
went on to New Orleans by river steamer. New 
Orleans was a live, prosperous city. The 
amount of property in cotton and sugar piled 
on the river front was astonishing. Business 
was rushing. He accepted a position as pro- 
fessor of mathematics in the Franklin High 
School, corner of Royal and Esplanade streets, 
at a big salary, and remained in that position 
until the school closed for the summer vacation. 

Immediately on the closing of the school, 
he accepted a position in a drug store at an in- 
creased salary, soon received an offer of a better 
salary in a wholesale drug house, and in about 
three months received an offer of a larger sal- 
ary in a wholesale cotton and sugar house, 
first as shipping clerk, afterwards as cashier. 
He remained with that house until August, 
1853, when the yellow fever drove him, anil 
every other person that could get away, out of 
the city. He went to St. Louis, and soon en- 
gaged in the manufacture of hardwood lumber 
with William Martin, their saw-mill being lo- 
cated in North St. Louis. He continued in 
that business until March, 1857, when he took 
a railroad construction contract on the Keno- 
sha & Rockford Railroad, for grading and rock 
excavation near 1 Rockford, and for building 
culverts and bridges from Harvard, Illinois, to 
Rockford, Illinois, with headquarters at Rock- 
ford, Illinois, and then at Poplar Grove, and 
Chemung, Illinois. He completed this work in 
June, 1859, after experiencing a great deal of 
trouble because of the financial crash of 1857. 
The railroad company failed to pay the money 
due for construction and finally Mr. Dennison 
settled with it by taking its securities, mostly 
farm mortgage bonds, at 80 cents on the dol- 
lar. He took another railroad contract for 

grading in Minnesota, with headquarters at 
Winona, but sold out this contract before it 
was completed in order to take another contract 
on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad in the State 
of Mississippi. Here was the second great mis- 
take of his life, leaving the North to go 

In the fall of 1859 he took a contract for 
grading and furnishing ties on the Mobile & 
Ohio Railroad with headquarters at Baldwin, 
Guntown, Booneville and Corinth. He finished 
this work in April, 1861, after experiencing 
serious trouble, owing to the disturbed condi- 
tion of the country caused by the commence- 
ment of the Civil War. He had agreed to take 
a contract to build a railroad from Meridian 
to Vicksburg, but it was impossible to perform 
the work. All the energies of the people were 
used in preparing for war to whip the Yankees 
and Abolitionists. It became necessary to get 
out of the country as soon as possible, or join 
the Southern army to fight the North. He went 
north, arriving at Cairo, Illinois, about the time 
the Northern forces took possession of that 
place. He purchased a fractional half-section 
(338 acres) of raw prairie land, half a mile 
east of Hoyleton, Washington County, Illinois. 
He fenced it and put the land under cultivation, 
built two houses on it, divided it into three 
farms, and in the summer of 1864 sold the last 

On November 9, 1864, Mr. Dennison mar- 
ried Philena J. Chubb, and immediately settled 
in Bloomington, Illinois, where he remained 
about one year, without engaging in any regu- 
lar business. In November, 1865, he moved to 
Lawrence, Kansas, where he remained until 
February, 1867. At the time he moved to 
Lawrence, Kansas City had one railroad, the 
Missouri Pacific, — with its depot in the south 
part of the city. The Kansas Pacific Railway, 
commenced at Wyandotte (now Kansas City, 
Kansas), and ended at Lawrence. While in 



Lawrence Mr. Dennison was engaged in build- 
ing. In February, 1867, lie moved to Baxter 
Springs, Cherokee County, Kansas. The move 
from Bloomington to Lawrence was made to 
avoid the wet, cold climate of the former place, 
and the move from Lawrence to Baxter Springs 
was made to avoid the cold, harsh winters of 
Northern Kansas. 

At first in Baxter Springs he engaged in the 
real estate business, buying lots, erecting build- 
ings and selling the same. He also engaged in 
the drug business with G. G. Gregg. 

In May, 1869, Mr. Dennison was chosen 
president of The Joy City Town Company, 
composed of G. Vanwinkle, J. E. Slater, A. S. 
Dennison, W. H. Hornor, G. G. Gregg. Will- 
iam Street and William Armstrong of Chero- 
kee County, Kansas, Almond Botsford of the 
State of Ohio, David Philips of Kansas City, 
Missouri, and J. B. Grinnell "of Iowa. This 
company purchased the squatter right (no other 
title could be obtained at that time) to about 
2.000 acres of land at the cost of about $20,000. 
for the purpose of building a town about six 
miles west of Baxter Springs. The Missouri 
River, Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad had located 
its road to Columbus, Kansas, and it was in- 
tending to build the road south from Columbus 
through these lands to reach the Kansas State 
line in the valley of the Neosho River, to re- 
ceive from the United States the only north and 
south right-of-way through the Indian Terri- 
tory, granted by the Indians to the United 
States by treaty. This great prize the United 
States offered to the railway running north ana 
south through the State of Kansas, that first 
reached the south State line of Kansas in the 
valley of the Neosho River. The Missouri 
River. Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad, running 
from Kansas City, Missouri, south and the 
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway, running 
fr< nn Junction City south were competing for 
this right-of-way, the former leading. Unex- 

pectedly, the Missouri River, Fort Scott & Gulf 
Railroad Company located its road from Co- 
lumbus to Baxter Springs, arriving at Baxter 
Springs and the State line first with weeks of 
time to spare. The United States decided that 
Baxter Springs was in Spring River Valley, 
and the road lost the right-of-way. The cov- 
eted right-of-way was awarded to the Missouri, 
Kansas & Texas Railway that reached the State 
line at Chetopa. That road enjoyed the mo- 
nopoly of the only north and south railroad 
through the Indian Territory for many years. 

The town company lost its prospective 
profits and some of its capital. The railroad 
company, by losing the right to reach the Gulf 
of Mexico, was only a short road from Kansas 
City to Baxter Springs, and in a short time 
went into the hands of a receiver, then was sold 
at master's sale on mortgage foreclosure. 

In January, 1874, Mr. Dennison was ap- 
pointed under-sheriff of Cherokee County by 
Sheriff Alfred Palmer, and in 1876 was re- 
appointed for another term. 

In 1877 he ran for the office of sheriff, and 
with the entire Republican ticket w r as defeated. 
Soon after the election, it was rumored that 
fraud in two wards of Empire City was the 
cause of the loss of the election. The election 
was contested and he lost. The Republican 
County Central Committee, believing fraud had 
been perpetrated, insisted the case of the sheriff 
should be appealed forthe purpose of exposing 
the fraud. The case was appealed, but the cost 
of bringing a large number of witnesses to 
court was so great that a change of venue was 
taken, so the depositions of the witnesses could 
be taken, and it required about the remaining 
term of the office to take the depositions, so 
the case was dismissed. The proof, however, 
showed to the satisfaction of the people of the 
county that the ballot-boxes in which the voters' 
ballots were placed in the first and second 
wards of Empire City were, after the election 


26 3 

was closed at night, while the judges of the 
election were at supper, changed for similar 
boxes that had been stuffed. 

In 1879 ne was elected sheriff, and re- 
elected in 1 88 1. On November 22, 1875, he 
was appointed United States Circuit Court 
Commissioner for the district of Kansas, which 
position he held about seven years, and then re- 
signed, not having time to attend to the duties 

On June 29, 1878, he was admitted to the 
bar of the District Court of the Eleventh Judi- 
cial District of Kansas. 

On the 14th day of April, 1877, Dr - Will- 
iam Street of Baxter Springs and A. S. Denni- 
son bargained with Egidius Moll, for the west 
half of the southeast quarter, and the southeast 
quarter of the southwest quarter of section 14, 
township 34, range 25, in Cherokee County, 
for the consideration of $10,000. This pur- 
chase was the commencement of the organiza- 
tion of the Galena Town & Mining Company, 
composed of W. H. Fairbanks, S. H. Sanders 
and John M. Cooper, who founded the city of 

In March, 1881, Mr. Dennison moved from 
Baxter Springs to Columbus, and in a few 
months thereafter built a residence on a 
10-acre lot in Salamanca township, a quarter 
of a mile west of the west line of Columbus, 
and has resided there (23 years) up to this 

Since 1884 he has been engaged in the real 
estate and loan business and the practice of 
the law. 

Politically he is a Republican, and has often 
served as chairman of the Republican County 
Central Committee. His fraternal associations 
are with the Masons, Odd Fellows, and 
Knights of Pythias. In religious connection 
he is a Congregationalist. He was the organ- 
izer, in its present form, of the Old Settlers' 

Association of Cherokee County, Kansas, and 
was its president for several years. 

Mr. Dennison has had seven children in 
his family, of whom Eva, Clarence, Ernest and 
Ralph died in infancy and in early childhood; 
Nina, Samuel and Rhoda survive. Nina is a 
successful teacher; Samuel is engaged in min- 
ing in Arizona, and Rhoda is married and re- 
sides in Arkansas. 

ANIEL WINTER, M. D., one of the 
leading physicians and surgeons of 
Columbus, of the Homeopathic 
school, has been a resident of Chero- 
kee County for more than 20 years. Dr. Win- 
ter was born in the principality of Waldeck. 
Germany, in 1833, and is a son of William and 
Henrietta (Meisner) Winter. 

The parents of Dr. Winter came to Amer- 
ica in 1843 and settled in Fairfield County, 
Ohio, where William Winter followed his 
trade of gunsmith until 1852, when he moved 
to Shelby County, Illinois. He did not live to 
establish himself there, however, his death oc- 
curring six weeks later, at the age of 63 years. 
His wife, who was also a native of Northern 
Germany, died at Columbus, Kansas, in 1884. 
aged 88 years. Dr. Winter has two brothers, — 
Rev. E. A. Winter, a minister in the Lutheran 
Church, who is now in Oklahoma; and 
Ferdinand, who is a farmer in Fairfield County, 

Dr. Winter was educated in Ohio and was 
subsequently engaged in teaching for some 
years prior to taking up the study of medicine, 
which he did about 1849, at Lancaster, Ohio, 
with Dr. Sachse, a noted German physician of 
that day. In 1885 he began the practice of medi- 
cine, which he has followed continuously with 
the exception of three years, until the present 



time. After his removal, with his parents, to 
Shelby County, Illinois, he practiced very suc- 
cessfully until he came to Columbus in 1884. 

Prior to leaving Ohio, Dr. Winter was mar- 
ried to Isabel Hiestan, who was born in that 
State, of German ancestry. They have five 
children, namely: W. F. E., of Columbus, who 
follows the trade of a carpenter; Mrs. Henri- 
etta Harvey, of Columbus ; Albert, of St. Louis, 
who is in the employ of a manufacturing com- 
pany ; Louis H., of Galena, Kansas, a stenog- 
rapher by profession ; and Mrs. Emma A. Sam- 
uelson, of Dietz, Wyoming. Three children 
are deceased. 

Politically, Dr. Winter is a Democrat of the 
old Jeffersonian type, and was formerly very 
active in political affairs. He has witnessed 
many changes in the old standards, but still is 
stanch in his adherence to the underlying prin- 
ciples of the party. He is equally loyal to the 
Lutheran Church in which he was reared from 
childhood. His wife is also a member of that 

Dr. Winter is a member of the Missouri 
Institute of Homeopathy, and formerly be- 
longed to the Ozark Medical Society. He is 
the only distinctively Homeopathic physician 
in Columbus and has a large practice, which, 
in spite of his 70 years, he skillfully attends 
to. During his long residence here, he has seen 
wonderful progress made, and has been identi- 
fied with much of the city's development. 

MENT COMPANY, with head- 
quarters at Columbus, Kansas, is one 
of the extensive industries of Chero- 
kee Conuty, and probably does the largest ve- 
hicle business in the Southwest. It was es- 
tablished in 1873, and was incorporated July 
29, 1 901, under the laws of the State of 

The first officers of this company, who also 
formed its first board of directors, were : Ar- 
chibald Hood, deceased July 17, 1903, presi- 
dent ; Wilson K. Hood, who died February 
19, 1904, vice-president; and Edgar C. Hood, 
secretary. The present officers are : Edgar C. 
Hood, president; George W. Hood, vice-presi- 
dent; O. E. Skinner, secretary; and Mary A. 
Hood, treasurer. The directing board is com- 
posed of Edgar C. Hood, George W. Hood 
and O. E. Skinner. 

While Columbus is the headquarters of the 
concern, branch houses have been established at 
Pittsburg, McCune and Baxter Springs. The 
company works with a full paid-up capital of 
$125,000, has a large surplus, and carries at 
all times a full line of vehicles, agricultural im- 
plements and seeds. The main building of the 
company is located on the south side of the 
square at Columbus, and was built by Archi- 
bald Hood in 1883. It is of two stories, 1 10 by 
36 feet in dimensions. Of the two other 
buildings, one is of two stories, 50 by 
no feet, and the other, 25 by no feet, in di- 
mensions. The total floor space occupied by 
the company, in its main and branch houses, 
reaches 50,000 square feet, or over one acre. 

The employees number five at Columbus, 
four at McCune, four at Pittsburg and three at 
Baxter Springs. The stock carried comprises 
about 350 vehicles or 12 car-loads all the time. 

This large business is in the hands of capa- 
ble men, wide awake to business competition 
and enterprise. George W. Hood, the treas- 
urer of the company was born at Columbus, 
Kansas, in 1880, and spent two years in the 
State University of Kansas. He has the over- 
sight of the Columbus house, and gives his im- 
mediate attention to the buggy department. 

O. E. Skinner, who is the head bookkeeper 
and cashier, has been with the company about 
23 years, and has made its interests his own. 

Oscar Crane, manager for the Columbus 



house has been with the company the same 
length of time as has Mr. Skinner, and his fi- 
delity is known and appreciated. James Han- 
son, the genial warehouse foreman, has been 
with the company since 1877, with the excep- 
tion of seven years, and M. L. Downs has been 
connected with the business for about 12 years. 
John C. Broadley. traveling solicitor, has been 
with the firm, at various times, since 1882. 
Bruce Wilson is in charge of the seed depart- 
ment of the Columbus house. 

The Pittsburg house is under the immediate 
supervision of Edgar C. Hood, the president of 
the company, whose head salesman is Mr. 

The McCune house is in charge of John 
Martin, an efficient manager. The collecting 
department is managed by Dan Elledge, who 
resides at McCune. George E. Rucker is the 
capable manager of the branch house at Bax- 
ter Springs. The most cordial relations exist 
between the officials and employees of this com- 
pany, the result being little friction and the 
greatest prosperity. 

ALLACE E. TOPPING, a prosper- 
ous farmer residing in section 3, 
township 34, range 22, in Neosho 
township, Cherokee County, is a 
man of considerable prominence in the commu- 
nity, and has frequently been called upon to 
serve in an official capacity. He was born in 
Barry County, Michigan, May 30, 1861, and 
is a son of Washington and Emily (Sanders) 
Topping, and a grandson of Robert Topping. 
Robert Topping was born in Pennsylvania, 
and died in Cherokee County, Kansas, in 1884, 
aged 78 years. He was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and operated two sawmills when a resident 
of Ohio. He later owned 400 acres of land in 
Michigan, where he lived many years. He was 
a captain in the State militia of Huron County, 

Ohio. He married Elizabeth McNutt, who 
was also born in Pensylvania, and died in Cher- 
okee Comity, Kansas, at the age of 70 years. 
They were the parents of seven children, as 
follows: Jane (Rork), Alexander and Frank 
Moore, deceased; Robert J., of Joplin, Mis- 
souri ; Washington ; and two who died in in- 

Washington Topping was born in Huron 
County, Ohio, August 5, 1837, and was 17 
years of age when he moved with his parents to 
Barry County, Michigan. He lived there until 
he enlisted, in 1863, in Company C, 1st Reg., 
Michigan Mechanics and Engineers, under 
Captain Robinson and Colonel Yates. They 
built a bridge across the Tennessee River at 
Chattanooga during Sherman's "March to the 
Sea," and there, with 65 foragers for the regi- 
ment, boarded a ship for Richmond. Mr. Top- 
ping was present in the Grand Review at 
Washington, at the close of the war. He then 
went to Nashville, Tennessee, built barracks 
and worked on the fort for a number of months, 
and was discharged at Jackson, Michigan, in 
the fall of 1865. He had learned the trade of 
a carpenter in Michigan, and followed it three 
years. On September 10, 1866, with his fam- 
ily, including his father and mother-in-law, 
he left Michigan for Kansas, driving through 
in company with many others, there being 36 
teams, in all. He located upon his present farm 
in the northeast quarter of section 18, Lola 
township, having originally 160 acres. Of this 
the Indians "head righted" 40 acres, and he has 
since disposed of 40 acres, leaving him 80 acres 
at the present time. He had but little money 
when he came, and a part of this was expended 
in the purchase of a 5-acre tract of timber, from 
which he cut the logs with which to build a 
cabin. It was the first cabin in the county with 
roof and floor, and also had one door and a 
window. It was a very fair house, and 15 
years elapsed before he replaced it with a good, 


substantial home. It took four or five years be- 
fore the sod was broken all over this tract, and 
the sod crops for some years were poor. At 
the present time Mr. Topping has about 17 
head of stock, and a fine orchard of 400 apple 
trees. The first orchard set out by him was 
totally destroyed by fire. He is a member of 
McGibben Post, G. A. R., and the Settlers' 
League. He was a Republican in politics for 
some years, but is now a Populist. Religiously, 
he is a member of the Christian Church. His 
first marriage was with Emily Sanders, who 
was born in Ohio, and died at the age of 59 
years. The following children were born to 
them: Wallace E., Catherine E. (McKinsey), 
deceased; Charles H., of Hollowell, Cherokee 
County; and Nettie (Curtis), of Lincoln Coun- 
ty, Kansas. Mr. Topping was married a sec- 
ond time, in 1902, wedding Mrs. Martha E. 
Merryfield, who was born August 4, 1836, and 
is a daughter of Lorenzo and Eleanor (Rork) 
Cooley. They were acquainted in their early 
life and were childhood sweethearts. They 
drifted apart, and did not meet agin until re- 
recent years at Abilene, Kansas. This unex- 
pected meeting and renewal of old acquaint- 
ance resulted in their union. 

Wallace E. Topping was five years of age 
when he accompanied his parents to Cherokee 
County, Kansas, and here he received his early 
mental training. He first attended the old log 
schoolhouse where they used slab benches, and 
continued there until the county was districted. 
He then attended District No. 1 until he was 
ready to enter high school, which he attended 
one year, after which the school was organized 
as the Oswego High School, in which he was a 
member of the first junior class. Afterwards, 
he attended the Fort Scott Normal School. 
At the age of 19 years he began teaching school 
and continued that for 10 years, his last school 
being at Sherman City. In politics, he was a 
Republican until 1890, when he joined the 

Farmers' Alliance, all of that party's candidates 
being elected that fall. He was appointed dep- 
uty clerk of the District Court under C. R. 
Bernard, and served two years. Afterwards, 
he was for two years land clerk in the State 
Auditor's office under Van B. Prather. He 
was appointed chief clerk under W. H. Morris, 
of Crawford County, and served two years. 
During the time he was at Topeka, he owned 
80 acres of land ; upon his return to Cherokee 
County, he sold out and purchased his present 
farm of a little over 160 acres in Neosho town- 
sip. He conducts a stock farm, and has about 
30 head of white-faced cattle. 

In 1 89 1, Mr. Topping was joined in mar- 
riage with Bird Goodner, born in Sheridan 
township, September 22, 1871, and a daugh- 
ter of James J. and Elizabeth Goodner, who 
came to Kansas in 1864 from Illinois, and lo- 
cated in Cherokee Comity in 1865. Mr. Good- 
ner was county treasurer of Cherokee County, 
and afterwards served as county coroner. This 
union has been blessed by the birth of one 
daughter, — Crete, aged 12 years. Fraternally, 
the subject of this sketch is a member of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows and has been 
representative to the Grand Lodge. He is also 
a member of the Modern Woodmen of Amer- 
ica, in which he has passed through the chairs, 
and of the A. H. T. A. 

IMRI DIXON, deceased, was for many 
years one of the most prominent far- 
mers of Shawnee township, Chero- 
kee County, and to a marked degree 
commanded the respect and esteem of his fellow 
men. He was born in Parke County, Indiana, 
November 2, 1840, and was a son of Eli and 
Esther (Kelley) Dixon. 

Eli Dixon, whose parents came from North 
Carolina, lived most of his life in Parke Coun- 




ty, Indiana, where he followed fanning, and 
where he died when the subject of this sketch 
was an infant. He married Esther Kelley, who 
had formerly married Nathan Hunt, and they 
became the parents of three children, — John, 
Rhoda and Zimri. Religiously, both were Qua- 

Zimri Dixon was reared on a farm and fol- 
lowed the occupation of a farmer throughout 
his life. In 1861, he enlisted in Company K, 
43d Reg., Indiana Vol. Inf., and served with 
his regiment about nine months, when he was 
honorably discharged on account of disability 
caused by sickness. He returned to Indiana 
and farmed a place owned by his half-sister, 
Mrs. Mary Ann (Hunt) Rawlings, until two 
years after his marriage, when he moved to 
Kansas and located in the Cherokee Neutral 
Lands on the place now occupied by his widow. 
Subsequently, after extended litigation, he was 
obliged to purchase it of the Kansas City & 
Fort Scott & Gulf Railroad Company, which 
had a prior claim to it. He farmed on an ex- 
tensive scale, and with continued success was 
enabled to add to his holdings from time to 
time until at his death he was the owner of 720 
acres of valuable land. He probably raised 
more hay and corn than any other farmer in 
the township, and also oats, in large quantities. 
He kept on an average 35 head of cattle and 60 
hogs. In 1870 he built a fine, stone residence 
of seven rooms, the only stone house in Shaw- 
nee township. About two years later, he built 
the fine, large, stone barn, 46 feet square, with 
a capacity for 100 tons of hay, and 1,000 bush- 
els of grain. 

On March 12, 1865, Mr. Dixon was joined 
in marriage with Emily Atkinson, a daughter 
of Robert and Polly (Curl) Atkinson, of Eng- 
lish origin. Her father was born in Randolph 
County, North Carolina, where he lived until 
after his marriage and the birth of his first 

child, and then moved to Indiana in the fall of 

1 83 1. He took a homestead in Parke County 
and farmed there until 1869, when he came 
West to Cherokee County, Kansas. He pur- 
chased a government claim of 160 acres in 
Shawnee township, and continued to live upon 
it until his death, September 2^, 1890, at the 
age of 88 years. He married Polly Curl, a 
daughter of George Curl, of Chatham County, 
North Carolina. Five children were born to- 
them, namely : Sarah Ann, widow of Demp- 
sey Mills, who lives with Mrs. Dixon at pres- 
ent; George, who lives in Parke County, In- 
diana; John, who lives in Shawnee township; 
Emily, widow of Zimri Dixon ; and Jared, of 
Roseburg, Oregon. Mr. and Mrs. Atkinson 
were of the Quaker faith. 

Mr. and Mrs. Dixon became the parents of 
nine children, eight of whom grew to maturity, 
as follows : Ella, wife of J. E. Lane, of Empire 
City, Kansas; Cora, wife of John Wellman, of 
Shawnee township, Cherokee County ; Anna, 
deceased ; Joel, of Scammon, Kansas ; Alice, 
wife of John Isley of Los Angeles, California ; 
Charles, of Shawnee township, Cherokee Coun- 
ty; Morton, who lives at home; and Rosa, de- 
ceased, who was the wife of J. M. Bass. Re- 
ligiously, the subject of this sketch was a mem- 
ber of the Society of Friends until he went to 
the war, and his widow is still a member of 
that society. Politically, he was a strong Re- 
publican, but was never an office holder. 

the 5th of May, 1898, the community 
of Williamsburg, Kansas, was called 
on to mourn the death of Rev. Henry 
R. Vollmar, pastor of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church of that city, and formerly pastor of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church at Columbus, in 
this county. He was favorably and well known 
throughout the South Kansas Conference and 



in this field held a number of important charges, 
building churches in different places and, in all, 
rejuvenating the spiritual life of the member- 
ship. In these communities are many noble 
men and women, whose lives now stand as 
fitting monuments to the earnest efforts of this 
godly man. 

Rev. Mr. Vollmar was a German by birth, 
and was born November 4, 1855, in Rhenish 
Bavaria, Germany. When eight years of age, 
together with his parents and their family, he 
came to America, where settlement was first 
made on a farm in Fulton County, Illinois. 
Later they removed to Corydon, Iowa, where 
they continued to live for a time. Of delicate 
health in his earlier childhood, Henry R. Voll- 
mar became robust after his removal to Iowa. 
As a youth, however, an attack of measles un- 
settled his health, and for two years he had a 
struggle for existence. As a last resort, in com- 
pany with friends, he made an overland journey 
to Kansas. This proved beneficial, and he soon 
recovered his wonted vigor, and, entering the 
State Normal School at Emporia, pursued a 
course of study for a period. Again his health 
failed. This time he recuperated in the Rocky 
Mountain region, and after two years returned 
to Iowa, where he became an inmate of the 
home of his brother Philip, then a minister at 
<i;.:den Grove. On this brother's advice he 
entered the academy there and amid these 
Christian influences developed a state of mind 
thru made clear his call to the ministry. He 
thereafter directed his study to preparation for 
his life work, manifesting great talent as a pub- 
lic speaker, and in 1883 he was licensed, and 
■entered upon active work in the South Kansas 
' "erence. To go into details concerning the 
effective soul-winning efforts of this man of 
God, during his nil too short lifetime, would be 
hut the repetition of the story of successful 
revival work and church building, as he took 
up the work in ench charge in turn. Thc?e 

physical monuments remain, — at Cecil, his first 
charge, three churches ; a parsonage at Alta- 
mont; a needed addition to the church at Co- 
lumbus; a fine parsonage at Williamsburg, and 
a church at the nearby town of Agricola. But 
!iis enduring monument, and one which shall 
stand in the judgment witnessing to his splen- 
did work while in the flesh, is found in the 
lives of the men and women made more full and 
complete and Godlike by the magnetic influence 
which was a part of his spiritual nature. He 
held many successful revivals, and at Colum- 
bus, alone, brought 150 souls into the Kingdam. 
His charges, in turn, were Cecil, Altamont, 
Hallowell, Columbus and Williamsburg. 

But death "loves a shining mark." The 
end came all too soon, in all human prescience, 
to this gifted man. Having rebuilt a parson- 
age at Williamsburg, he was just entering upon 
the work of building another church, when he 
underwent a surgical operation from which he 
never recovered, dying the afternoon of the 
same day. Thus ended a beautiful life on earth, 
to unfold with brighter lustre in the life to 
come! Truly can it be said of him, — "While 
he is dead, yet he speaketh." His last audible 
expressions were a message to his brother 
Philip, and a prayer to his Master — "Tell 
Philip it is well with my soul!" "Oh. I want to 
go! Come, Lord Jesus, take me!" 

Interment was at the old home in Corydon, 
Iowa, where an aged mother, a brother and 
four sisters survived him. The funeral services 
;>.t 1 Villiamsburg were conducted by Presiding 
Elder S. S. Martin, assisted by Revs. J. D. 
Smith, of Waverly, and M. S. Rice and C. S. 
Nusbaum, of Ottawa, and participated in by a 
large concourse of mourning friends. 

Rev. Mr. Vollmar is survived by a widow 
and two daughters. — Pauline and Avis, — his 
eldest daughter, Fra, having died in September, 
1901; the family now resides in Columbus. 
Mrs. Vollmar, nee Angelia Bishop, was the 



daughter of Alexander and Almira (Elliott) 
Bishop, natives of Ohio, who removed to Post- 
ville, Iowa, where Mrs. Vollmar was born; 
thence the family located on a farm in Labette 
County, Kansas, in 1869. Mr. Bishop was an 
active and useful citizen of that county for 
many years, and there Mrs. Bishop died, in 
1887. In 1892 Mr. Bishop went to Oklahoma, 
where he died in 1897. from injuries received 
in a cyclone at Chandler. Mrs. Vollmar is a 
graduate of the State Normal School at Em- 
poria. She taught successfully for several 
years, and at the time of her marriage was first 
principal of the Oswego schools. Her marriage 
to Rev. Mr. Vollmar took place at the home 
of her parents, while Mr. Vollmar was sta- 
tioned at Cecil, Kansas. She is a woman of 
much strength of character and during the life 
of her husband was a splendid helper in his 
religious work, a field in which she is still 
a valued and earnest worker. Of fine executive 
ability, she manages the three farms of which 
she is possessed, near Columbus, with ease and 
profit, leasing two and personally supervising a 

A portrait of Rev. Henry R. Vollmar ac- 
companies this sketch, being presented on a 
preceding page. 

SCAR H. BENNETT. One of that 
solid class of citizens that Cherokee 
County is so fortunate in possessing 
is Oscar H. Bennett, a farmer resid- 
ing in section 25, township 32, range 25. in 
Pleasant View township. He claims Vermont 
as the State of his birth, which occurred in 
1852. He is a son of Col. Oren and Harriet 
( Merrell) Bennett. 

Col. Oren Bennett was born in Vermont in 
1825. He was a millwright and engineer, and 
followed these trades about 15 years. A man 

of intensely patriotic mold, he, at the breaking 
out of the Civil War, was active in the organi- 
zation of Union forces. In 1862 he became 
colonel of the 22d Reg., Missouri Vol. Cav. 
For three years and seven months he led his 
regiment, participating in many battles, in one 
of which he was wounded by a shell, which alsc 
killed his horse. 

After the war, Colonel Bennett resumed 
work at his trades at his former home, and in 
1866 moved to Jackson County, Kansas, mak- 
ing the trip from Iowa in a large wagon, in 
company with his wife, and four children, — 
Oscar, Flora, Alice and Jim. In 1867 the fam- 
ily came to Cherokee County, where they have 
since lived. The father now lives on an 80- 
acre farm in Pleasant View township ; the 
mother died in 1903, aged 74 years. 

To these parents 10 children were born, of 
whom Oscar H. is the eldest. Seven are living, 
as follows : Oscar H. ; Flora Jane, born in 
Vermont, who married James Biggs, of Miami 
County, Kansas, and has four children, — Clara. 
Ralph, Lizzie and Flossie; Alice, born in Mis- 
souri, who married Joseph Hayes, and is living 
in Idaho ; James Hite, born in Iowa, who mar- 
ried Emma Ward, and has eight children, — 
Hattie, Henry, Lizzie, Freddie, Carl, Ada, Er- 
nest and May; Fred E., born in Kansas, who 
married Jessie Williams, lives in Cherokee 
County, and has four children, — Harry, Frank, 
Earl and Charles; Edith, born in Kansas, who 
married Frank Sweany, of Cherokee County, 
and has five children, — Raymond, Grace, Wal- 
ter, Blanche and Irene; and Jesse M., born in 
Kansas, who married Jessie Newton, resides 
in Cherokee County, and has one child. — 

Oscar H. Bennett was married in 1879, in 
Cherokee County, Kansas, to Sarah McNier, 
nee Swinney, a native of Iowa, and a daughter 
of Delaney and Elizabeth (Webb) Swinney. 
Her father, a native of the Keystone State, was 



born in 1828, and died in Kansas in 1882. 
Mrs. Swinney was born in the Hoosier State 
in 1830, and is now living in Oklahoma. Mrs. 
Bennett is one of 14 children, of whom eight 
are now living, as follows: John W., Sarah 
(our subject's wife), Malinda, Nancy, Riley, 
Sinah, Alvaretta, and Fanny. John \V. was 
born in Iowa. His first wife was Tillie McCaf- 
fery, who was the mother of Thomas, Lane, 
Isaac, May, Aul, Pearl, Arthur and Lee. His 
second wife was Belle Downes, who has one 
child, — Ora. Malinda was born in Iowa, mar- 
ried James Bear, and is living in Oklahoma. 
Nancy was born in Iowa, married Zach. Sears, 
and resides in Kansas; they have these chil- 
dren, — Walter, Calvin, Oscar, Emma, Laura, 
Roy, Jessie and Annie. Riley was born in 
Iowa. Sinah, born in Iowa, married William 
Hearn, and resides in Kansas; they have three 
children, — Leona, Hattie and Merle. Alva- 
retta, born in Kansas, married John Maline, 
and lives in Oklahoma. Fanny, born in Kan- 
sas, married Frank Prudom, and lives in Okla- 

Mr. and Mrs. Bennett have had eight chil- 
dren, all born in Cherokee County, namely : 
Mattie (Mrs. James Gilbert), who has one 
child, — Roy; Etta (Airs. William Weaver), 
<>f Missouri, who has five children, — Lottie, 
Ray, Albert, Fay and Leola; Flora (Mrs. Bry- 
ant Lively), of Arkansas; James; Ninnie; Bes- 
sie ; Clara; and Johnnie R., who died at the age 
of 18 months. 

The parents of Mr. and Mrs. Bennett were 
the first to put up houses in Pleasant View 
township. At that time there was nothing to 
be seen but prairie, and wild animals, deer, prai- 
rie chickens and quail. There was no roads of 
any kind except the old "Military Road." Here 
the subject of this sketch and his father fol- 
lowed hunting for a living during 14 years. 
They made many successful expeditions after 
quail and prairie chickens, and shipped them to 

the Eastern markets of St. Louis, Chicago and 
New York. 

Oscar H. Bennett is a Populist in politics, 
and has held office as township assessor for two 
years ; as constable, for the same period ; and as 
justice of the peace for four years. As a mem- 
ber of the School Board no one has ever been 
found who was deemed so capable, in every- 
way, as the length of his term testifies; for he 
has served as clerk of the board for 25 years. 
He is a member of the A. H. T. A. He and his 
family are leading factors in the social life of 
the community, where they have so long re- 
sided, and where they are most highly regarded. 

I ACOB K. JONES. Among the earlier 
settlers of Kansas, we find the name 
of Jacob K. Jones, a former well 
known citizen of Cherokee County. 
A native of Tennessee, he was born April 18, 
1829. His death occurred August 15, 1899. 
on his farm at Badger mines where he had lived 
for many years. 

Mr. Jones belonged to the good, old South- 
ern family of Jones, so well known in Tennes- 
see. His parents, William B. and Nancy Jones, 
were born and reared in the vicinity in which 
they passed their lives. The father was born 
August 25, 1790, and the mother, February 29, 
1792. In the old home were born eight chil- 
dren as follows: Solomon H., born April 16. 
1813; Mary B., born August 6, 1S15; Henry 
D., born November 21. 181 7; Margaret Ann. 
born November 29. 18 19, who still lives in 
Tennessee; Catherine K., born February 22, 
1822; John F., born April 1, 1824; Elizabeth 
E., born August 29, 1826; and Jacob K. The 
father died September 9, 1837, and the 
mother's death occurred on March 16, 1843. 

Jacob K. Jones received an unusually good 
schooling for the time in which he lived. The 
death of his parents occurred when he was 



quite young, he became apprenticed to a brick- 
mason. After learning the trade, he followed 
it as an occupation until he located in Missouri, 
shortly before the Civil War. In 1862 he gave 
up his home in Missouri, to find a better one 
in the West, and choosing Kansas as a good 
place to locate, he took up a homestead where 
the Badger mines were afterwards opened. 
After farming on this place for 10 years he 
moved to Brownville, Nebraska, where he spent 
another 10 years on a farm. 

Mr. Jones was married September 1, 1850, 
to Sarah J. Bayless, who was born April 23, 
1832. Her death occurred at Brownville, Ne- 
braska, November 25, 1883. There were 10 
children of this marriage, those who lived to 
maturity being as follows: William F., born 
July 7, 1851 ; John B., born January 7, 1853; 
Nancy E., born January 1, 1855; James R., 
born February 4, 1859; Wyatt B., born Sep- 
tember 9, 1861 ; M. S. I., born November 20, 
1864; Laura J., torn November 17, 1866; and 
Jacob K., Jr., born July 24, 1870. Two died 
in childhood. 

On July 3. 1884, the subject of this sketch 
married Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Meeks, a daugh- 
ter of R. A. Robinson, of Independence, Mis- 
souri. She was born August 5, 1852. coming 
from the old Kentucky family of Robinson. 
Her children by a former marriage are, — Laura 
Belle, born February 15, 1874, now Mrs. An- 
drew Tolliver, of Pittsburg, Kansas; Charles 
W., born December 3, 1875, living at the Bad- 
ger mines; and Nettie May, wife of David M. 
Haynes, of the Badger mines. The children of 
her marriage to Mr. Jones are: Solomon Le- 
Roy, born May 15, 1885; Ethel B., born Au- 
gust 16, 1887; Fred B., born September 19, 
1889; and Henry Arthur, born November 7, 
1 891. 

Mr. Jones was a Democrat, and stood for 
the principles of the party at all times. Fra- 
ternally, he affiliated with the I. O. O. F. and 

the A. F. & A. M. In his church relations, he 
was a consistent Baptist. Of Southern birth, 
Mr. Jones possessed all the good qualities of a 
Southern gentleman, and his kindness of heart 
and uprightness of character made for him 
many friends. His generosity and open hospi- 
tality, natural traits of the Southerner, made 
all feel welcome who came within his gates. 

On July 3, 1900, Mrs. Jones married 
George B. Rollins, a native of Brooklyn, New 
York, who was born January 7, 1865. His 
mother died when he was 13 years of age, and 
he went to Iowa, where he was employed on a 
farm for three years. Later, having learned 
the carpenter's trade, he worked at it in various 
places until his marriage. 

Mrs. Rollins is a consistent member of the 
Christian Church. She still lives on the farm, 
and with her husband manages the work on the 
place. The land produces all the small grains, 
and large numbers of cattle and Poland China 
hogfs are raised on it for the market. 

ILLIAM M. BENSON, who was a 
prominent farmer of Crawford 
township and one of the early set- 
tlers of Cherokee County, coming 
here in 1876, died August 17, 1904. He was 
born in Warren County. Indiana, near the Wa- 
bash River, on September 20, 1830, and was a 
son of Samuel and Martha (Martindale) Ben- 
son, a grandson of James Benson and a great- 
grandson of James Benson. 

James Benson, our subject's great-grand- 
father, was born in County Tyrone, Ireland, 
and shipped to America, at the age of 18 years, 
subject to indenture for his passage money of 
$30. This resulted in his working for six years 
for a Philadelphia weaver, who was a just man 
and took the young Irish lad into his family 
as one of his own, winning the youth's lifelong 


devotion. Prior to the Revolutionary War, 
lie went to South Carolina, where he secured 
a title to 400 acres of land in Union County, 
and resided upon it until his death in 1790. 

His son, James Benson, grandfather of the 
subject of this sketch, was born in Union Coun- 
ty, South Carolina, and in 1810 removed with 
his family to Warren County, Indiana, where 
he resided on a farm until his death. 

On the maternal side, William M. Benson's 
great-grandfather was a native of Sweden, an 
expert weaver, who was employed in London 
and later settled in County Tyrone, Ireland. 
The genealogy can be traced traditionally back 
to the days of Holy Writ, even to the tribe oi 

Samuel Benson, the father of our subject, 
was born December 15, 1800, in Union County, 
South Carolina, and died on his 66th birthday. 
December 15, 1866. His wife was born in 
1805 in Greene County, Ohio, of South Caro- 
lina parentage. The subject of this sketch was 
the only son of the family that reached matur- 

William M. Benson was reared in Warren 
County, Indiana, and was afforded excellent 
educational opportunities. He took a three- 
years collegiate course at what is now De Pauw 
University. His cousin, H. C. Benson, was one 
of the first graduates of this institution and later 
1«came a member of its faculty as professor of 
Greek. For about 25 years Mr. Benson then 
made teaching his profession, mainly in War- 
ren County, his last experience in this line 
being in the winter of 1877-78. In 1876 he 
purchased a claim in the northwest quarter of 
section io. Crawford township, Cherokee 
County, Kansas, and secured the deed from the 
railroad company in 1877. He built a house 
on his land and then returned to Indiana for 
his family, bringing them to their new home on 
March 15, 1878. This home was burned in the 
following year, while he and his wife were vis- 

iting in Indiana. Upon his return, he built 
another house, which is one of the most attract- 
ive in the township. With wise forethought, 
he brought with him from the old home a num- 
ber of cedar tree slips, which he disposed about 
his residence. They took kindly to the genial 
climate and fertile soil and have much more 
than repaid, in their growth, symmetry and 
beauty, all the care Mr. Benson ever bestowed 
upon them. The place has now a beautiful 
grove of more than 500 pines and cedars, which 
apart from their value were, during his life, 
constant reminders of the days of his boyhood 
and young manhood, and brought back many 
tender recollections of those who had passed 

Mr. Benson owned large bodies of land in 
Cherokee County, at one time an aggregate of 
600 acres, but retained at the time of his death 
only 220 acres, located in sections 3 and 10. 
Crawford township. This property, known as 
"Evergreen Bower Farm," he devoted to gen- 
eral farming and spared neither labor nor ex- 
pense in placing it under a high state of culti- 
vation, and making permanent improvements. 

Mr. Benson was first married, in Indiana, 
to Prudence M. Slauter, who was born in War- 
ren County, Indiana, and was a daughter of 
one of the early settlers of that county, who 
came there from the State of New York. Mrs. 
Benson died in 1884. aged almost 48 years, 
leaving a family of six children, viz : Martha 
Marinda, who married J. H. Clawson, resided 
for a time in Warren County and then moved 
to the Indian Territory, where she died in 1900: 
Cynthia Ann, who maried Robert Radley, in 
Kansas, and died in Cherokee County in 1896; 
Samuel I. (unmarried), his father's successor 
on the farm; William Willard. who married 
Emma Allen, and resides near Shawnee, Okla- 
homan ; Rose Lee, who married William Cline, 
and resides in Oklahoma ; and Theodoshia, who 
resides at home. 



In 1885, Mr. Benson was united in marriage 
with Margaret Ann Fagan, of Cherokee Coun- 
ty, who was born in Andrew County, Missouri, 
June 12, 1864. Mrs. Benson is a daughter of 
George and Margaret (Waterson) Fagan, the 
latter of whom was born on the Isle of Man. 
Mrs. Benson's father was born in County Kil- 
larney, Ireland. He came to America in 1850, 
and still resides in Cherokee County, where her 
brother, Thomas W. Fagan, and a half brother 
and sister also reside. Hon. Henry Watterson, 
the great Democratic editor of Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, probably came from the same family 
branch as did the mother of Mrs. Benson. 
Mr. and Mrs. Benson had five children, namely : 
Tressie Treene, aged 17 years; George W., 
aged 14 years; Marguerite Christine, aged 10 
years ; Lucy May, aged five years ; and Clara 
June, aged one year. 

In religious views, Mr. Benson was a mem- 
ber of the First-Day Adventist Church. He 
was a liberal supporter of church work, and not 
only contributed the site, but also paid about 
$600 toward the expense of erecting Beth- 
any Methodist Episcopal Church, which is lo- 
cated in section 10, Crawford township. Polit- 
ically, he was reared a Jacksonian Democrat 
and was practically one of that party's suppor- 
ters, although he did not favor a departure in 
any way from its sound old principles. His 
first vote was cast for a candidate of the Know 
Nothing party. 

Mr. Benson most acceptably filled many of 
the township offices, and always took a deep 
interest in educational matters, his long ex- 
perience as a teacher making him particu- 
larly well qualified to judge of the efficiency 
of school methods. For a number of years he 
was active in the Masonic and Odd Fellow fra- 
ternities, but was not affiliated with the local 
lodges, never having taken his demit from In- 

The mortal remains of Mr. Benson were 

interred in Bethany cemetery, which is locat.ed 
near the Benson homestead, Rev. Mr. Stone, 
of the United Brethren Church officiating. 

OSEPH H. GALPINE, one of the 
prosperous farmers of Cherokee 
County, residing on his well-improved 
farm of 200 acres in section 24, town- 
ship 32, range 25, in Pleasant View township, 
was born in 1864 in Iowa, and is a son of Rob- 
ert J. and Mary (Hawkins) Galpine. 

Robert J. Galpine was born in 1819 in Eng- 
land, and was a son of James and Mary Jane 
(Mackie) Galpine, neither of whom ever came 
to America. Robert J. Galpine came to the 
United States in 1858, and located first at St. 
Louis, where he followed his trade of cabinet- 
making. Then he settled in Farmington, in 
the southeastern part of Missouri. Thence he 
moved to Waterloo, Iowa, where he resided 
for a time, going from there to Fort Scott, 

In 1866 he moved to Cherokee County, 
Kansas, and secured the farm now owned by his 
son Joseph H. in Pleasant View township. At 
that time it was entirely unimproved and 
he was one of the pioneer settlers. This 
land he put under cultivation, converting- 
it from the raw prairie into one of the 
most productive farms of the locality. Here 
his death occurred in 1889. In England 
he married Mary Hawkins, who survived 
him until 1900, dying at her daughter's 
home in Smithfield, Missouri. Their family 
consisted of four sons and one daughter, the 
two survivors being the subject of this sketch 
and his sister, Mrs. Jane Smith. The latter 
was born in England. She married, first, 
Thomas Noble, and had one child, — Nellie. 
She is now the widow of David Smith, who- 
le ft one son, Robert. 



Joseph M. Galpine is the only member of 
liis parents' family who was born in America. 
The only surviving son, he inherited a part of 
the farm which his father secured and cleared, 
nnd which he has continued to improve until 
the present time. 

In 1892 Mr. Galpine was married to Anna 
1 louston, who was born in Moultrie County, 
Illinois. They have two sons and two daugh- 
ters, viz : Grace, Nellie, Henry and Justice. 
Mrs. Galpine is a daughter of Caleb and Au- 
gusta (Justice) Houston, natives of Kentucky 
and Ohio, respectively. They came to Chero- 
kee County, Kansas, in 1876, from Illinois. 
Mr. Houston died in 1887, aged 64 years. Mrs. 
Houston only survived her arrival here until 
March. 1877. She left six children, viz: Wil- 
liam, Carrie (Wales), Anna, Jacob A., Otis 
and Arrie. 

In politics, Mr. Galpine is a Populist. He 
is one of the progressive and enterprising men 
of this section, keeps fully abreast of the times, 
and is a representative member of one of the 
oldest pioneer families of this township. 

clerk of Cherokee County, was 
born in Cherokee County, July 16, 
1870, and is a son of David and 
Margaret (Helms) Shaffer. 

David Shaffer was born in Germany in 
1846. and was six years old when he accom- 
panied his parents to America. They located 
in Wayne County, and later in Randolph Coun- 
ty. Indiana, where David grew to manhood 
and married Margaret Helms, of Wayne Coun- 
ty. She died in Crawford County, Kansas, in 
1894, at the age of 42 years. They had seven 
sons and one daughter, all of whom still sur- 
vive except one, George, who was accidentally 
killed by a street car in Pittsburg, Kansas. All 
wire born in Cherokee County, and those liv- 

ing are: William H. ; Robert R., who lives on 
the old homestead in Ross township, Cherokee 
County: Nelson, who is a farmer near Mon- 
mouth, Kansas ; Charles and Carl, who are far- 
mers in Crawford County; Jesse, who is a res- 
ident of Crawford County: and Eva, who is 
the wife of Burt Gordon, also of Crawford 

David Shaffer and his wife came to Chero- 
kee County May 10, 1870, locating in Ross 
township, where the former filed a claim on 160 
acres of land. It was subsequently contested, 
but he finally acquired his title and made the 
place his home until March, 1892. Then he 
removed from Cherokee to Crawford County, 
where he bought a farm, and is now engaged 
in raising Percheron horses. 

William H. Shaffer was reared in Cherokee 
County and attended the district schools. His 
early training made him a good farmer and 
judicious stock-raiser, and for about four years 
he raised Percheron horses very successfully. 

In December, 1891, in Cherokee County, 
Mr. Shaffer married Anna Heinrichsmeier, 
who was born in Illinois, and is a daughter of 
Frederick Heinrichsmeier, who came to Chero- 
kee County in 1871, and located in Ross town- 
ship with his family. Mrs. Shaffer's father 
died in 1885. and her mother, in March, 1902. 
Mr. and Mrs. Shaffer have four children : 
Elsie, Ralph, Dee and an infant daughter. 
Their pleasant home is in Ross township, with- 
in four miles of Columbus. 

Politically, Mr. Shaffer is an active member 
of the Populist party, and was elected to his 
present office on the Fusion ticket. Fraternally, 
he belongs to the Masonic Blue Lodge at Co- 
lumbus, the Anti-Horse Thief Association and 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, of Co- 
lumbus. His religious views are liberal, al- 
though his and his wife's people have been 
leaders in the Lutheran Church for genera- 




EREMIAH LUCKEY. Not to know 
"Jerry" Luckey, as he is familiarly 
called, is to argue oneself unknown 
in Cherokee County. Coming to the 
county when all "trails," — for it was before the 
day of roads, — led to Cherokee Center, the pio- 
neer name of the now thriving county-seat town 
of Columbus, Mr. Luckey has been a prominent 
factor in each advancing stage of the county's 
progress. The character of the business fol- 
lowed by him during his residence in the county 
is responsible for his being so universally 
known, as he has operated a threshing machine 
during each recurring season, for the past 30 
years. He is a farmer residing on the south- 
east quarter of section 1, Salamanca township, 
where he located in the fall of 1867. Mr. 
Luckey came to the State from Ohio, where 
he was born in Athens County, October 15, 

To look upon the splendid farms of Chero- 
kee County, one can scarcely conceive of the 
wild scene which presented itself to the eye of 
Mr. Luckey as his "prairie schooner" reached 
the confines of the county in the fall of 1867. 
Stopping at Pleasant View, to inquire the way 
to Cherokee Center, the schooner was headed 
for that point, which then was marked by a 
single log house, standing on the north side 
of what is now the public square. Mr. Luckey 
was accompanied by his wife and a cousin, 
Samuel Wilson. After prospecting in different 
parts of the county, Mr. Luckey located on the 
quarter which has since been his residence, 
though he sold the north 80 acres at a later 
date. This spot was but virgin soil at that time, 
with deer, wolves and prairie chickens in abund- 
ance for game. Many provisions and other 
articles were obtained, at quite a distance from 
here, at Missouri points. 

With the characteristic energy of the early 
pioneer, Mr. Luckey began his "battle for a 
home.'' and none can relate with greater vivid- 

ness and truthfulness the privations endured, 
and the many shifts necessary, in order to bring 
order out of chaos. Mr. Luckey was the pio- 
neer thresher of the county, a portion of the 
time in partnership , but for the most part alone. 
In this business his known honesty and great 
energy have made him successful, as also in the 
management of his farm. In the great devel- 
opment which has taken place in the coal indus- 
try of Southeastern Kansas, Mr. Luckey bears 
the unique distinction of being the first to dis- 
cover that mineral in the county. The place 
was in the Stillson coal field in Mineral town- 
ship, near Scammon, he being at the time ac- 
companied by Mr. Wilson. Until arrangements 
were made for mining the field, Mr. Luckey 
supplied himself with coal at the simple expense 
of getting it out. 

Jeremiah Luckey is the eldest of six chil- 
dren born to Joshua and Margaret (Means) 
Luckey. His mother was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, December 14, 1823. She is a devout 
member of the Church of God, and is a resident 
of Washington County, Iowa. Joshua Luckey 
was born in Athens County, Ohio, January 17, 
1 81 7. He was the son of James Luckey, a 
native of Pennsylvania. He was an early pio- 
neer in Athens County. There he followed 
farming until 1850, when he settled in Louisa 
County, Iowa. His death occurred there July 
9. 1903. All the children of these par- 
nets are living. Besides Jeremiah, there 
are — Mary Jane (Fisher), a widow re- 
siding in Waverly, Coffey County, Kan- 
sas; James M., a farmer residing in Neosho 
County, Kansas, who has served one term as 
county surveyor of that county; Joseph C, a 
farmer in Washington County, Iowa, who also 
operates a thresher; Sarah E. (McGuire), re- 
siding in Louisa County, Iowa, on the old 
home farm; and William, a carriage-maker by 
trade, now located at Grinnell, Iowa. 

Mr. Luckey was reared in Louisa County, 



Iowa, and was still in his teens when the tocsin 
of war resounded throughout the land. In the 
fall of 1862, he enlisted as a private in Com- 
pany F, 25th Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., and was 
mustered out in Washington, June 7, 1865. He 
saw service in the 15th Army Corps under Gen. 
John A. Logan and was with Sherman in his 
"March to the Sea." Although in many tight 
places and with bullet holes in various parts of 
his clothing, Air. Luckey bore the charm of 
his name and came through without injury. 

Returning from the war, Mr. Luckey estab- 
lished a home of his own, bringing to preside 
over it the lady who still bears him company, 
whose maiden name was Mary T. Green. She 
was born in Monroe County, Tennessee, in 
1845, and removed to Iowa with her parents 
in 1850. Mr. and Mrs. Luckey have had 11 
children, all born on the old homestead, except 
the eldest, Harvey E., who was born in Iowa. 
The family record is as follows : Harvey E., 
Anthony W., William M., Ai, Faith, Nora, 
Roy, Ada, Edward, Adda and Emma. Harvey 
E. died in infancy. Faith, born November 29, 
1876, and Nora, born July 11, 1881, are de- 
ceased. Anthony W., of Pittsburg, Kansas, 
born April 15, 1868, is engaged at work in the 
coal banks, and is married. William M., born 
Marcli 1, 1870, is located in Washington 
County, Iowa, and is married. Ai, born Octo- 
ber 5, 1873, is running an engine at the powder 
works of the Joplin-Rand Powder Company, 
and has been with the works for six years, as 
engineer. He married Lizzie Steinbrook, of 
the home county, and has two children, — Law- 
rence and Bertha, also born here. Roy, born 
February 12, 1879, lives at home and runs 
the engine to the threshing rig. Ada, born 
February 28, 1884, and Edward, born Septem- 
ber 4, 1886, live at home. Adda and Emma 
( twins) died in infancy. 

Mr. Luckey, as has been intimated, has al- 
ways !>een a man of influence in affairs, serv- 

ing as road overseer and in other official posi- 
tions at different times. His political princi- 
ples are emlxxlied in the platform of the Re- 
form party. He affiliates with the I. O. O. F., 
of Columbus, and has a warm place in his 
heart for the G. A. R. 

No man stands higher in the estimation of 
the citizens of Cherokee County, and as he looks 
out over the broad expanse dotted with well 
tilled farms and happy homes, Mr. Luckey is 
justified in feeling a pardonable pride in the 
part which, under Providence, he has played. 
His portrait accompanies this sketch. 

HOMAS R. DUNCAN, one of the 
pioneer settlers of Cherokee County, 
a substantial and representative far- 
mer of Lyon township, owns 160 
acres of highly cultivated land, — the northeast 
quarter of section 27, township 34. range 2^. 
He was born at Martinsville, Indiana, Febru- 
ary 10, 1839, and is a son of William and 
Amanda M. (Hutsel) Duncan. 

Robert Duncan, the grandfather of Thomas 
R., was born in Scotland and accompanied his 
two brothers to America, all probably settling 
in the State of New York. There William 
Duncan was born and learned the cabinet-mak- 
ing trade before going to Indiana. Failing 
health caused him to remove in 1856 to Illinois 
where his sons could engage in farming. He 
took part in the Black Hawk War. In early 
days he was a Whig, but afterwards voted for 
Stephen A. Douglas and was subsequently 
identified with the Republican party. He died 
in Illinois, in 1879, at tne a & e °f 7 2 years. His 
wife was born September 20, 1815, near Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, and died at Martinsville, In- 
diana, November 22, 1847, when Thomas R. 
was not quite nine years old. Their children 
were: Thomas R.. who weighed but two and a 



half pounds at birth; Peter, a farmer of Min- 
eral Spring. Missouri, who belonged to Com- 
pany H, 27th Reg., Illinois Vol. Inf., in the 
Civil War : Giles, who belonged to Company D, 
81st Reg., Illinois Vol. Inf., and died in the 
service in February. 1863; and Jesse H., who 
resides near Murphysboro, Illinois. The father 
married three times, and three children of each 
union still survive. 

Thomas R. Duncan was 17 years of age 
when his parents moved to Jackson Count)-. 
Illinois, and he was engaged in farming there 
from 1856 to 1862, when he enlisted on Au- 
gust 1 2th, in Company D, 81st Reg., Illinois 
Vol. Inf., under Captain Ward and Col. James 
J. Dollins. He took part in many severe bat- 
tles, and endured much hardship. He partic- 
ipated in the battle at Thompson Hill, May 1, 
1863; at Raymond, Mississippi, May 12. 1863; 
at Jackson, Mississippi, May 14; at Champion 
Hill ; Brownsville ; Spanish Fort ; in the Red 
River expedition ; and in the three battles at 
Vicksburg, and the skirmishing all about this 
region. When serving with the ambulance 
train at Spanish Fort, he spent a whole night 
in hauling away the wounded. Mr. Duncan 
was captured with 700 of his comrades and was 
confined in Andersonville Prison for two and 
a half months, at Savannah for one month, and 
at another point, for a month and a half, and 
was then paroled. He reached Annapolis. 
Maryland, in a condition resembling a museum 
skeleton, and was still too weak for service 
when he reported for duty, after a furlough of 
30 days. He was determined, however, to re- 
join his regiment, which he did, at Eastport. 
Mississippi, in January, 1865, after an una- 
voidable absence of six months. Shortly after- 
wards he was honorably discharged and now 
receives a pension of $6 a month. After the 
review and grand encampment at Columbus, 
Ohio, he returned to Illinois, in 1865. 

In the spring of 1869, Mr. Duncan started 

for Kansas, with his wife, two children and his 
brother. Each of the brothers took up [60 
acres of "Joy" land, but the subject of this 
sketch did not possess enough capital to imme- 
diately build even a log house, and all lived to- 
gether in the brother's log cabin, 12 by 14 feet 
in dimensions, for the first four years. They 
had brought three horses with them, but neither 
of the brothers had much money, and during 
the first winter they endured many hardships. 
For a long time their diet consisted entirely of 
corn bread and molasses, excellent warming 
food, but rather palling as a steady diet f< >r 
months with nothing else. The brothers broke 
up the sod for corn and had to pay $1.50 per 
bushel for seed corn. During the second year, 
however, Mr. Duncan raised 100 bushels of 
wheat, and had plenty of vegetables and mel- 
ons. In recalling those days, Mr. Duncan re- 
members one delightful episode and that was 
the Christmas dinner to which the family was 
invited by neighbors in better circumstances. 
He remembers it as it had to serve as the only 
satisfactory meal of that gloomy winter. It 
was four years before he felt able to build a 
home of his own. and this has been several 
times replaced. The present one, situated in 
the midst of a beautiful maple grove, the seeds 
of which he planted himself, and flanked by a 
productive apple orchard, is one of exceeding 
comfort. The telephone inside and the rural 
mail carrier at his door sufficiently connect him 
with neighbors, friends and business associa- 
ates, and mark very plainly the difference be- 
tween life in Cherokee County in 1869 and in 
1904. Mr. Duncan's farm is well watered, and 
all of it can be made to produce grains and 
grasses, and feed stock and cattle. 

Mr. Duncan has always been identified with 
the Republican party since the Douglas cam- 
paign, and he has frequently served as a dele- 
gate to the various conventions. In religious 
belief, he is a Missionary Baptist, and has been 


very liberal in his support of this religious 
body. During the erection of the new house of 
worship in Lyon township, in the past year, 
he contributed 18 clays' work and $100. 

On October 22, 1866, Mr. Duncan was mar- 
ried to Sarah A. McClure, who was born in 
Jackson County, Illinois, August 5, 1840, and 
is a daughter of John A. and Clarinda (Nace) 
McClure. Mrs. Duncan's father was born in 
Ohio, and her mother in Pennsylvania. The 
children of this marriage were as follows : 
Clarinda, wife of Allen Jarrett, who has two 
sons, — Robert and Estel ; Maria, who died 
aged two years; John A., of Columbus, who 
has four children; Edward H., of Lyon town- 
ship, who has three children; Kate, wife of 
Robert Rogers, of West Mineral, who has one 
child; Laura, wife of James A. Sizemore, of 
Lyon township, who has five children ; Dora, 
wife of Frederick Divens, of Washington; and 
Jarretta, wife of Jesse Roper, of Lyon town- 
ship, who has one child. 

With tireless hands the subject of this 
sketch and his noble wife worked to insure for 
their children the comforts which have been 
theirs for many years. Mr. Duncan is well 
known throughout this section, and is a valued 
member of the local Grand Army post. His 
life has been one of more than usual hardship, 
during its earlier part, and he well deserves his 
recompense of material comforts, and the gen- 
eral esteem in which he is held by his fellow 


« ■ » 

RCHIBALD HOOD, deceased, fa- 
miliarly known through Cherokee 
County as "Archie" Hood, was one 
of the early business men of Colum- 
bus, and fur many years was almost the only 
implement dealer in the county. Mr. Hood 
was born near Oakdale, Washington County. 
Illinois, and died at Columbus, July 17. 1903. 

Mr. Hood lost his mother when but eight 
years of age, and his father died when he was 
about 19 years old. His elementary training 
was received in the public schools of Illinois, 
and his literary culture at Fayetteville Acad- 
emy, Pennsylvania, where he was engaged in 
study at the outbreak of the Civil War. The 
State quota from Illinois being full, he enlisted 
in Company F, 10th Reg., Missouri Vol. Inf., 
in which he served three years, and was dis- 
charged in September, 1864. 

After the war, Mr. Hood located in Ne- 
braska, but subsequently returned to Illinois, 
where he was engaged in mercantile pursuits 
until 1868; he then came to Columbus, set- 
tling in this city in 1870. Here he carried on a 
brokerage concern until 1873, and then founded 
the implement firm with which his name has 
been honorably identified for so many years. 
His connection with this business was only ter- 
minated by his death, although for about two 
years prior to his decease he had been almost 
continuously confined to his bed. 

In 1873, Mr. Hood married Mary Wilson, 
who was born in Chester County. Pennsylva- 
nia. They had six children, as follows : Edgar 
C, president of the A. Hood Implement Com- 
pany; Grace, wife of J. C. Forkner, now of 
Long Beach, California; Wilson K., who died 
February 19, 1904, being at that time vice- 
president of the implement company; George 
W., vice-president of the company; Bessie, liv- 
ing at home; and Harry C, who is at school. 

Mr. Hood was a member of John A. Dix 
post. No. 54, Grand Army of the Republic. 
He had a large personal acquaintance in the 
county, and for many years his business house 
was a favorite stopping place for old settlers 
and neighboring farmers. He was a man of 
quick sympathy and never failing courtesy, and 
no matter how much the cares of his private 
business pressed him. he always found time to 
listen to the troubles of others, and to seek some 



way to adjust them. His advice was sought 
and followed, and his friendship desired and 
valued. Perhaps he was better known than 
almost any other private citizen in Cherokee 
County, and surely among them all could be 
found no enemy. Although left without the 
ministrations of a mother, in childhood, and de- 
prived of the counsel of his father before he 
reached his majority, he steered his life course 
safely, and left an honorable name as a heritage 
to his family. He was a man of cultivated 
tastes, understood art and literature, and never 
was too much absorbed in business to find time 
for reading good books, or for the enjoyment of 
conversation concerning matters outside the 
general run of purely business affairs. 

Mr. Hood is survived by his widow and 
five children, by one brother, J. K. Hood, of 
Delhi, New York, and by friends innumerable. 
At the time of his funeral, every business house 
in Columbus was closed, and the throng as- 
sembled to pay respect to his memory, was 
augmented by men from all over the county. 
His death left a vacancy in the ranks of the 
exemplary, useful and high minded citizens, 
who have done so much toward the upbuilding 
.of Columbus. 

was one of the early settlers of Cher- 
okee County. His birth took place 
in Ohio on September 16, 1816, and 
he was a son of John and Ruth (Bogue) Cad- 

John Cadwalader was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania. In early manhood he moved to Ohio, 
settling among the other pioneers. In 1826 he 
removed to Illinois, where the remainder of his 
life was passed. He and his wife belonged to 
the Society of Friends. 

The late Reese Cadwalader was reared on 
his father's farm and continued to live in Illi- 

nois until 185 1, when he moved to Iowa, and 
in 1867 to Cherokee County, Kansas. In Illi- 
nois he had owned and operated a flouring mill, 
but he devoted himself to farming both in 
Iowa and in Kansas. In Cherokee County he 
bought the southwest quarter of section 27, 
township 31, range 25, in Pleasant View town- 
ship, which he improved and converted into 
one of the best farms in the eastern part of the 
county. In a material sense, Mr. Cadwalader 
was a very successful man,— one whose energy 
and industry were rewarded with ample re- 
turns. He was, also, a man of integrity and of 
public spirit, and in all the neighborhoods in 
which he lived he was chosen to fill responsible 
offices. He served as a justice of the peace in 
Pennsylvania, Illinois and Kansas, a position 
for which he was eminently qualified on ac- 
count of his sterling traits of character. At 
Vermont, Illinois, he joined the Masonic order, 
and always lived up to the principles taught by 
that fraternity. Few men of his day were more 
pronounced in their advocacy of temperance, 
and by example and precept he exerted a wide 
influence. He died September 20, 1880. 

On December 29, 1841, occurred our sub- 
ject's marriage with Rhoda K. Easley, a daugh- 
ter of John and Nancy (Kinsey) Easley. The 
children of this union were as follows : Henry, 
of Mexico; Stephen, of Clear Creek County, 
Colorado ; John, of Williamson County, Texas ; 
Ruth, deceased, who was the wife of Wesley 
Ankrum; Kinsey, of Opolis, Kansas; Basco, 
who is living on the homestead; Abigail, wife 
of Frank Walker; and Angeline, wife of An- 
drew Vermillion, of Pittsburg. Kansas. This 
family has been reared in the Society of 

John Easley, the father of Mrs. Cadwala- 
der, was born in Virignia, September 9, 1798. 
When he was 10 years of age, his parents 
moved to Harrison County, Ohio, where he 
grew to manhood. In 1830 he moved to Ful- 



ton County. Illinois, where he lived the remain- 
der of his life, and at death was laid to rest on 
his own land, the claim he took up when he 
first settled in the State. He married a daugh- 
ter of Richard Kinsey, and their children who 
grew to maturity were as follows : Mrs. Cad- 
walader; Jane and Rachel, now deceased; 
Sarah Ann, wife of Chalkley Robinson, of Illi- 
nois; Daniel, of Illinois; Phcebe, wife of John 
Fitzhenry, of the same State; Elizabeth, of 
Bellevue, Nebraska; John; and Louisa, wife of 
James Graham, of Bellevue, Nebraska. 

Mrs. Cadwalader still resides on the farm 
to which she came, with her late husband, in 
1867. She recalls many of the incidents of 
that early period, when the present smiling 
farms and sites of cities, in Cherokee County, 
were but miles of wilderness, with no promise 
of the wealth and comfort which brawny arms 
and active minds have brought forth. As the 
wife of a pioneer, she passed through the hard- 
ships incident to all early settlements. She is 
well known throughout the township, and is 
held in very high esteem. 

master at Hallowell. Cherokee 
County, and the leading general 
merchant of the village, was born in 
Bunker Hill, Macoupin County. Illinois, July 
1, 1864, and is a son of William and Mary 
(Hand) Cruickshank. 

William Cruickshank was torn in Scotland. 
within seven miles of the city of Edinburgh, 
fter a long and useful life of 81 years died 
ai Bunker Hill, Illinois, in 1897. He migrated 
1" America just prior to the outbreak of the 
Mexican War, and the services of the sturdy 
young Scotchman were gladly accepted by the 
recruiting officer at St. Louis, where he had 
located in hope of finding work at his trade of 

tailor. That city was full of enthusiasm and 
excitement, the people taking more thought 
concerning military matters than of their every- 
day apparel, and Mr. Cruickshank found him- 
self not only welcomed into the army ranks but 
made one of the escort of Gen. Winfield Scott 
himself. He served with bravery all through 
the war. and received a pension for his services 
until his death. After the close of the Mexi- 
can War, he went to Colorado and the results 
of his four years of mining /there amounted to 
$7,000. With this capital he returned to Illi- 
nois and engaged at his trade, which he fol- 
loyed as long as health and increasing years 
permitted. He married Mary Hand, who was 
born not far from Windsor Castle, England, 
and died in 1887, at Bunker Hill, Illinois, aged 
67 years. They had eight children, the subject 
of this sketch being the only son ; five of his 
sisters still survive. 

Mr. Cruickshank remained at Bunker Hill, 
Illinois, until he was 20 years of age, complet- 
ing a common-school education in the village 
in 1883. He then spent two years on the Un- 
ion Pacific Railroad in Colorado, and first came 
to Cherokee County in 1885, where he was 
engaged for a short time in farming. After 
spending two more years in Colorado, he came 
to Hallowell, where he was engaged in the 
barber business for five years, and subsequently 
entered into general merchandising. He was 
appointed postmaster by the late President Mc- 
Kinley, and has been continued in the office, 
being a very staunch supporter of the admin- 

In 1892, Mr. Cruickshank was married to 
Florence Fee, who was born in Lewis County, 
Missouri, April 5, 1869, and they have four 
children, — Maria, Lola, Grace and Earl. Mrs. 
Cruickshank is a lady of accomplishments and 
education, having been a very successful teacher 
prior to her marriage. The family is socially 
prominent in the village. 



Politically Mr. Cruickshank, like his late 
father, has always heen a strong Republican, — 
one of the party workers. Fraternally he is an 
Odd Fellow and a Woodman, being active in 
both organizations. He is held in very high 
esteem in Lola township, both as an honorable 
business man, and as a capable official. 

UKE HUGHES, one of the oldest set- 
tlers of Mineral township, Cherokee 
County, is the owner of a fine farm of 
160 acres situated in section 9, town- 
ship 32, range 24. He was born in 1829 in Ire- 
land, and is a son of Michael and Fannie 
( Stiles) Hughes. 

The parents of Mr. Hughes came with their 
children to America in 1848. The mother died 
at the age of 52 years, but the father survived 
to the age of 90. They had 1 1 children, and 
five members of this vigorous family still live, 
namely: Luke, Mary, Ann, Jane and Mar- 

The subject of this sketch accompanied his 
parents to Pennsylvania, where he soon found 
employment in the Whitney iron foundry, and 
spent three years there, engaged in the manu- 
facture of car wheels. He then went to Wis- 
consin and worked at blacksmithing and foun- 
dry work for a time, after which he was em- 
ployed at his trade in St. Louis for about 10 
years. Then he removed to Wyandotte, Kan- 
sas, and three years later worked on a new rail- 
road then being constructed from Olathe. Here 
he was employed until the line was completed, 
when he settled on his first farm, — the 160 
acres on which his son Michael is located, and 
which the latter now owns as a gift from his 
father. In 1887 Mr. Hughes traded property 
for his present farm of 160 acres, and has re- 
sided upon it ever since. 

In 1858, Mr. Hughes married Ann Cos- 

tello. and they have had 1 1 children, the sur- 
vivors of the family being Fannie, Michael, 
Daniel, Joseph and Edward. James died De- 
cember 31, 1903. Considering the many dis- 
advantages under which Mr. Hughes labored 
during the earlier years of his children, and the 
unsettled state of the country, each received a 
good mental training and is well settled in 

Few men are better qualified to relate the 
occurrences of the pioneer times in Mineral 
township than Mr. Hughes. Gifted with an 
excellent memory, and having been associated 
with so many of the township's early enter- 
prises, he can bring to the mind of the visitor 
very vivid scenes of the struggles, hardships 
and final accomplishments of those who first 
occupied these rolling prairies, after the Indian 
had been banished farther West. 

biographer is privileged to present 
here a brief record of the life of one 
of Galena's rising young physicians. 
In the short period of his residence here, he has 
established a reputation which is fast bringing 
to him a large and extensive practice. Dr. 
Northrup came to Galena in July, 1904, and 
purchased the practice of Dr. E. P. Howell, 
now of the Kansas City Homeopathic College. 
Dr. Northrup was born in New Jersey on 
February 8, 1875. He is the only son of Ben- 
jamin and Clarissa (Bale) Northrup, who are 
also natives of New Jersey. They there mar- 
ried and remained until 1879, when they re- 
moved to Kansas City, Kansas, where the 
father was employed at his trade of milling. 
This occupation he has followed ever since with 
the exception of a period of two years, during 
which he held the office of chief grain inspector 
under Governor Stanley. In the family there 



were four children, of whom the subject of this 
sketch is the eldest. 

Dr. Northrup was carefully trained in the 
schools of Kansas City, and graduated from 
the Central High School in the class of 1895. 
He entered the State University of Kansas, in 
1898, from which he took his degree of B. A. 
Upon leaving the institution he received an ap- 
pointment in the State grain department which 
he held for a period of two years, his appoint- 
ment being received from Governor Stanley. 
Dr. Northrup then concluded that the field of 
medicine would be more to his liking, and he 
matriculated at the Kansas City Homeopathic 
College. He pursued the course there for 
about three years, taking the degree of M. D. 
in the spring of 1904, and being house physi- 
cian the last year. He at once located in Ga- 
lena, where, as before stated, he bought the 
practice of Dr. Howell. 

It is rather early to predict the future ca- 
reer of so young a physician, and yet the favor 
with which Dr. Northrup has been received, 
and the success which has met his efforts thus 
far, augur well for his ultimate standing. 

OHN R. HEADLEY, an extensive land 
owner and prosperous farmer of Cher- 
okee County, lives at "Pleasant View 
Farm" in Neosho township, where 
he has a fine home and pleasant surroundings. 
He is one of the sturdy pioneers who came to 
this country at an early day, located on prairie 
land, and by dint of hard labor converted it 
into fertile fields. He has succeeded beyond 
the average, and is at the present time a man 
of prominence and influence in his community. 
Mr. Headley was born in Trumbull County, 
Ohio, July 17, 1838, and is a son of Amos and 
Experience (Lindley) Headley. His father 
lived for a time in Ohio and died in Pennsyl- 

vania, while on a visit, at the age of 65 years ; 
at that time his home was in Tyler County, 
West Virginia. His w r ife died in Greene Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, in 1S46. They had 12 chil- 
dren, — seven sons and five daughters. 

John R. Headley was about a year old when 
taken by his parents to Greene County, Penn- 
sylvania, and nine years later he was taken by 
his father to Virginia, where they remained 
two years. Returning to Pennsylvania, he 
lived there until he was 25 years of age, farm- 
ing most of the time and working in a mill for 
one year. He then went to LaSalle County, 
Illinois, and farmed two years, after which he 
sold out and returned to Pennsylvania where 
he was married. He later returned to Illinois, 
and then went to Iowa, where he lived one 
year. He next went to Missouri and rented a 
farm located 18 miles from Lexington, which 
he cultivated for two years. In the fall of 1867, 
he drove a team through to Cherokee County, 
Kansas, where he has since lived continuously. 
He settled upon a tract of 160 acres, for which 
he paid $1,25 per acre. He built a log cabin, 
14 by 16 feet, in dimensions, and for 10 years 
lived in it with his family. He had a small 
mule and pony team, but did not break any 
ground until the second season, going to Mis- 
souri for his feed. Baxter Springs was the 
nearest post office, and Kansas City the nearest 
railroad point. In making these trips he often 
encountered the Indians, with whom he traded 
considerably for many years. He adopted ap- 
proved methods of farming and, as his success 
became assured, enlarged his home farm to 400 
acres, in addition to which he has four 80-acre 
tracts in various parts of the township. During 
the past five years he has been running a cheese 
factory at Melrose, an enterprise that is in a 
very flourishing condition. 

In 1865, Mr. Headley was united in mar- 
riage with Mary Nuss, who was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and they became the parents of the 




following children : George, of Neosho town- 
ship, Cherokee County ; Perry L. ; Laura (Wars- 
tier), of Lyon township, Cherokee County; 
Sarah; Alice (Koch) ; James, of Kansas City; 
Franklin ; Experience ; Herman ; Bessie ; Gro- 
ver C, who died at the age of nine years ; and 
Kitty. Politically, the subject of this sketch 
has been a Fusion Democrat and Populist, and 
has held numerous township offices, having 
served as school trustee for nine years. He is 
a member of the Modern Woodmen of 

of the leading citizens of Galena, 
Kansas, whose portrait is herewith 
shown, is president of the Citizens' 
Bank, president of the Cornwall Mining Com- 
pany, president of the Galena Development 
Company, treasurer of the Wyandotte Mining 
Company, secretary and treasurer of the John 
M. Cooper M. & M. Company, and since 1902 
a member of the State Legislature. He was 
born in Will County, Illinois. 

Mr. Schermerhorn's early educational op- 
portunities did not extend beyond the public 
schools, but such was his ambition to succeed 
and to make as rapid progress as possible, that 
for six years after completing the course his 
text-books remained his best beloved compan- 
ions. He secured a postoffice position at 
Greenville, Michigan, after the assassination of 
President Lincoln, in which he continued until 
January 1, 1866. He then entered a banking 
institution with which he remained until 1873, 
mastering every detail of this branch of busi- 
ness, and accumulating in these years a capital 
of $10,000. With this he went to Colorado, 
invested in mining properties and lost his 
money within two years. 

In December, 1875, Mr. Schermerhorn 

came to Baxter Springs, Cherokee County, 
Kansas, to begin his business climb over again. 
Here he accepted a clerical position with John 
M. Cooper, the leading merchant, with whom 
he later became associated in business. In 1877, 
under the firm name of John M. Cooper & 
Company, they opened a large mercantile busi- 
ness in Galena, to which city Mr. Schermer- 
horn removed. With this enterprise he is still 
connected. He was and is identified with 
many of the successful corporate institutions of 
the city and county, and for a number of years 
has been president of the Citizens' Bank. 

In politics this prominent citizen has al- 
ways been a firm supporter of the Republican 
party. In 1902 he was elected to the State 
Legislature, where his public acts have proved 
him as wise a legislator as he is a financier and 
private citizen. 

Mr. Schermerhorn married Mrs. Abbie 
Simpson, a lady who is well fitted to preside 
over one of the most elegant and attractive 
homes in Galena. It is beautifully situated on 
a natural elevation, 65 feet above the street, 
and is adorned with the most elaborate of 
modern furnishings, a fit theater for many de- 
lightful social functions. Mr. Schermerhorn 
owns probably more valuable land than any 
other citizen of Cherokee County, the greater 
part of it being rich in mineral dsposits. 

Mr. Schermerhorn is a Knight Templar 
and a 32d degree Scottish Rite Mason. He is 
also a member of the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, Knights of Pythias and the Elks. 
being treasurer of the lodge of the last-named 
society. He also has membership in the Com- 
mercial Club. 

Mr. Schermerhorn has accumulated a large 
fortune and he knows how to enjoy it, taking 
kindly to the good things of life and giving 
generous assistance to those who have been 
less fortunate. Both in his business and politi- 



cal life, lie has gained the friendship and esteem 
of those who adequately represent the highest 

AWRENCE CONKLIN, one of the 
most prominent farmers in Pleasant 
View township, Cherokee County, 
was born in 1832 in Licking County. 
Ohio. In the spring of 1858 he. moved to Mis- 
souri, and four years later, in the fall, found 
him in Pike County of that State, where he fol- 
lowed theoccupation of teaching. During the 

; ! War he returned to Ohio, where he re- 
mained until 1867, when he turned his face 
Westward. The journey to the West was made 
with horses and wagon, a large drove of sheep 
being driven ahead. After a short stop in 111 i- 

s, he proceeded to Cherokee County, Kan- 

. where he purchased what were then called 
"treaty right" lands. This land was bought 
1 the Indians, and was located on the old 
"Military Road," in section 10. township 32, 
range 25. in what is now known as 
Pleasant View township. Here the sub- 
ject of this sketch opened a general store 
and did a thriving business for a while. As one 
of the pioneers in this part of the State, he 
had the usual varied experiences of a settler 
in a new territory. 

In 1868, just one year after his arrival in 
Kansas, Mr. Conklin married Mary Susan 
Roberts, a daughter of the late "Squire" Rob- 
erts. This marriage resulted in one child, Mur- 
ray K., who was born in Pleasant View town- 
ship, where he has always resided. His wife. 
now deceased, was Maude Hudson, of the 
same township; their children are Inez M. and 

John C. Conklin, the father of Lawrence 

Conklin, was a native of Dutchess County, 

York. He lived to the advanced age of 

ears, his death occurring in Ohio in 1894. 

His life occupation was that of farming. A 
most successful farmer, and a prominent man 
of his vicinity, he was also esteemed for his up- 
right character and honesty of purpose. In 
politics, he was a stanch Republican, and was 
very active in working for the party. He was 
a justice of the peace for many years. He mar- 
ried Sally Cooley, of Xew York State. Her 
death occurred in Ohio in 1850, when 40 years 
of age. The family consisted of six children, 
four of whom are living, namely : Statira, 
Lawrence. John and Winfield Scott. 

The grandfather. David Conklin, was a na- 
tive of New York City. His ancestors, emi- 
grating from Holland, were numbered among 
the original settlers of the State. 

Of Lawrence Conklin as a citizen, no word 
of commendation is too strong. He combines 
qualities of character which make him most 
popular. One of the old guard who helped to 
form the Republican party, he followed it until 
he felt that it was leaving the teachings of the 
fathers, when he became an enthusiastic Popu- 
list. He represented the county, as a Republi- 
can, in the Legislature, in 1874, serving accep- 
tably on several important committees. He has 
served as township trustee and member of the 
School Board, and was justice of the peace for 
16 years. 

ENRY R. SADLER. Cherokee Coun- 
ty is particularly favored in the solid 
character of its agricultural class, in 
which is the gentleman above named, 

who resides in section 15, Crawford township. 

and owns one of the best farms in the county. 

Mr. Sadler is a native of England, having been 

born in Milford, Derbyshire, in 1S41, and has 

been a resident of Cherokee County since June 

15, 1869. 

The parents of the subject of this sketch 

came to America with their family in i8;6, 



and settled in Philadelphia. After two years, 
Mr. Sadler concluded to try his fortunes in 
the great West, and went to Salem, Henry 
I ',< iunty, Iowa, where he lived until his removal 
ti 1 Kansas. 

The first great event in the life of Mr. Sad- 
ler was the Civil War, in which he took an 
active and honorable part, bearing the scars of 
battle upon his body to this day. He enlisted 
in Henry County, Iowa, in September, 1861, 
as a private in Company F, 4th Reg.. Iowa Vol. 
Caw, Captain Winslow commanding. He saw 
service in Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, Missis- 
sippi, Louisiana and Tennessee, and was mus- 
tered out December 12, 1864. He is one of 
the survivors of the dreaded Libby Prison, 
where he spent some time as the result of cap- 
ture during the operations about Vicksburg. 
In a sharp skirmish which occurred about 25 
miles from Helena, Arkansas, he received five 
bullet wounds, and for many weeks was inca- 
pacitated for service. With the exception of 
his prison life and this hospital experience, he 
was in the saddle during the entire period of 
his service. 

Returning to Henry County in 1866, he 
there married Annie E. Smith, a native of 
Philadelphia, and in 1869 came to Cherokee 

Upon the arrival of Mr. Sadler in Cherokee 
County in 1869, he immediately selected the 
claim which now constitutes his farm. This 
was unbroken prairie and the task of subduing 
it has been his life work. How well it has been 
done is evidenced by the many improvements 
on his farm, all of which are of a substantial 
character, the whole tract bearing evidence of 
the hand of an expert in agriculture. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sadler are the parents of 
seven children, as follows : Sidney F., a far- 
mer of Crawford township, who is married ; 
Lenford S., a farmer of Crawford township, 
who is also married; Vinnie (Mrs. M. E. 

Cowell), of Crawford township; and Cora, 
Clytie, Scott and Winslow, who are children 
at home. 

Mr. Sadler's political affiliations are with 
the Republican party; although not a politician 
in any sense of the term, he has never failed 
to take an active part in the local contests. In 
the trying times of the early "nineties." when 
the Reform party was at its best, the need of a 
strong ticket caused the leaders of the party 
to urge upon him the nomination for county 
treasurer. and in the election which followed 
he was chosen to that office. He served with 
credit during the term of 1891-92. and turned 
over the office to his successor in most credit- 
able shape. 

Fraternally. Mr. Sadler holds membership 
in the Grand Army of the Republic. John A. 
Dix Post, No. 59. 

With a well spent past and no cause for 
financial worry in the future, the subject of this 
sketch bids fair to spend the remainder of his 
days amid the felicitations of his hosts of 
friends, who esteem him most highly for his 
true worth and merit. 


ANIEL EDWARDS, one of the highly 
respected citizens of Ross township, 
Cherokee County, Kansas, died on 
his well cultivated farm June 19. 
He was born in Cumberland County, 
England, January 8, 1847, and was a son °f 
Daniel and Elizabeth Edwards. 

The parents of the late Daniel Edwards 
were honest, worthy, industrious people, the 
mother coming from an old Cumberland fam- 
ily, and the father, from one in Lancaster. 
They had six children, namely : Margaret, 
Tamer, Daniel, Thomas, Elizabeth and James. 
Although the subject of this sketch was a 
man of more than usual intelligence and of ex- 



cellent business capacity, he had but limited 
educational advantages in his youth, as he 
started to work in the coal mines when but a 
child of nine years. In 1869 he came to Amer- 
ica and worked at various places before coming 
to Cherokee County, in 1879, spending some 
years at North Lawrence, Stark County, Ohio. 
After his marriage he settled in Mineral 
township, Cherokee County, and, after be- 
ing engaged for a time in mining, bought 
80 acres of land in section 36, town- 
ship 32, range 23, in Ross township. 
He had all the improvements to make 
here, as it was wild prairie land when he 
settled on it. He did some farming, but coal 
soon being found under his land, the develop- 
ment of this great commodity rewarded him 
letter than agriculture. His knowledge of 
mines and mining assured him of much more 
than a competency, when he put down what is 
now known as the Edwards shaft on his farm, 
in 1899. This mine is worked with a force of 
from five to 14 men, and its output is very sat- 
isfactory. Mr. Edwards was a very hard- 
working man, and did not live to see how 
really valuable his property was to be. 

In 1879, Mr. Edwards married Mary Shaw, 
who was born at Stockport, Cheshire, England, 
and is a daughter of James and Martha (Gib- 
bons) Shaw, with whom she came to America 
in June, 1863. They located at North Lawrence, 
Stark County, Ohio. Her mother died at Pig- 
eon Run, in that county. The father came to 
Kansas and spent his last years here. They 
had three children, — John, who is a retired en- 
gineer at Weir City; Mary (Mrs. Edwards) ; 
and Wright, of Massillon, Ohio. 

Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Edwards, namely : John Albert, who died in 
Ohio; Ida Martha, wife of John McGregor, 
who farms the Edwards homestead ; Cora Eliz- 
abeth, who died in Ohio; Daniel Wright, who 
died in 1898; Nellie Belle, deceased, and Delia 

Estelle (twins), of whom the latter became the 
wife of William Earl, of Ross township; Wil- 
liam Walter, who is mining on the home place; 
and James Thomas, who is at home. Mr. Ed- 
wards was a member, as is his wife, of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics he fa- 
vored the Populist party. Fraternally, he for- 
merly belonged to the order of Odd Fellows. 

Mr. Edwards was a man of the highest in- 
tegrity. He was well known to a large number 
of people. In his home he was beloved and re- 
spected, being a loyal, loving husband and care- 
ful father, whose ambition it was to train up 
his children to be good men and women. He 
was a man of a great deal of character. He 
had earned all his possessions, and valued them 
as the result of his industry, but he was always 
ready to help those in need, and gave largely to 

ICHAEL HUGHES, one of the 
well known citizens and prosperous 
farmers of Cherokee County, re- 
siding on a finely cultivated and 
improved farm of 160 acres in section 8, town- 
ship 32, range 24, in Mineral township, was 
born April 18, 1863, in St. Clair County, Illi- 
nois, and is a son of Luke and Ann (Costello) 

Michael Hughes, the paternal grandfather, 
for whom the subject of this sketch was named, 
was born in Ireland and came in 1848 to Amer- 
ica, where both he and his wife subsequently 
died. Luke Hughes, was born in Ireland in 
1829, and accompanied his parents to America 
in 1848. They settled in Pennsylvania, where 
Luke Hughes worked in a foundry for three 
years, and then moved to Wisconsin, where he 
worked in a blacksmith and foundry establish- 
ment. He was subsequently employed for about 
10 years in the same business at St. Louis. He 
removed to Wyandotte, Kansas, in 1868, and 


several years later began to assist in railroad 
construction work, on a line then building. 
Thus he continued until he purchased 
the farms on which he and his son now 
reside. His own farm of 160 acres, lo- 
cated in the northeast quarter of sec- 
tion 9, township 32, range 24, he bought in 
1887. He is a very highly respected citizen, 
and one of the oldest settlers in Mineral town- 

In 1857, Luke Hughes married Ann Cos- 
tello, who was born in Ireland. They had 1 1 
children, the survivors being: Fannie, Michael, 
Daniel, Joseph and Edward. James died De- 
cember 31, 1903. 

Michael Hughes was nine years old when 
his parents came to Kansas, and his whole life 
since then has been devoted to agricultural pur- 
suits. His finely cultivated farm of 160 acres 
was given him by a very indulgent father. 
This he has improved, and here carries on gen- 
eral farming with most satisfactory results. 

In 1 89 1 Michael Hughes was married to 
Maggie McArdel, and their interesting family 
of five children were all born in Mineral town- 
ship. They are named as follows : Patrick, 
Edward, Phillip, Frances and John. Politically, 
Mr. Hughes chooses to vote independently. He 
is a member of the Anti-Horse Thief Associa- 
tion. Mr. Hughes belongs to one of the old 
families of the township, and bears the reputa- 
tion of being one of a family of extraordinarily 
good farmers, as well as first-class citizens. 

EORGE M. FISHER, formerly ac- 
tively engaged in business at Colum- 
bus, but now retired, is one of the 
self-made and substantial men of 
Cherokee County, and owns a fine farm of 320 
acres in Crawford township. He was born in 
Huron County. Ohio, November 12, 1S38, and 

is the only son of Benjamin and Jane (Curran) 
Fisher, natives of New York and Massachu- 
setts, respectively. The parents of Mr. Fisher 
died in Ohio in 1889, the mother, in January, 
and the father, in October. They had two 
daughters, one of whom is deceased, and the 
other, Charlotte, is Mrs. Edward Lincoln, of 
Sandusky, Ohio. 

George M. Fisher received a good, com- 
mon-school education. He left home at the 
age of 18 years to seek his fortune, not wishing 
to learn his father's trade of stone cutting and 
bridge contracting. After working for the 
American Express Company for a short time 
at Richmond, Indiana, he went to Xenia, Ohio, 
to work for the same company, and later was 
located at Lafayette and Fort Wayne, Indiana. 
He spent seven years as express messenger on 
the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago Rail- 
road. After leaving the express business, he 
continued in railroad work, spending four 
years with The Pullman Company, and four 
years with The Central Transportation Com- 
pany, on the sleeping car line, running first 
from Crestline, Ohio, to Altoona, Pennsylvania, 
and then from Crestline to Chicago: he was 
later transferred to the run between New York 
and Chicago. Following this service, he be- 
came a freight conductor on the Pittsburg, Furl 
Wayne & Chicago Railroad and remained with 
this company until he went into business at Col- 
lins, Ohio. There, with his brother-in-law, he 
conducted a general store until 1884. when he 
came to Cherokee County, Kansas. 

On coming to this county, Mr. Fisher first 
engaged in a meat business at Columbus, which 
he sold when he was employed by Special Dis- 
bursing Agent A. T. Lea, of Columbus, to as- 
sist in enumerating all the Indians concerned in 
the listing of the land sales of 1888-89, in Da- 
kota. The list included 20,578 Indians, and 
Mr. Fisher inscribed all the names in both the 
English and Indian languages, — a task that re- 


quired for its completion a period of t 
and inths. Mr. Fisher returned to Co- 

lumbus when the work was accomplished, in 
January, 1892. 

Mr. Fisher was married at Galion, Craw- 
ford Count}-. Ohio, to Jennie Neff, who was 
born at Bucyrus, but reared at Galion. She is 
a daughter of Henry and Isabelle (Bucking- 
ham) Neff. Her father was born in Pennsyl- 
vania, and died in Ohio, in 1884. and her 
mother was born in Maryland, and died in 
[882. Mrs. Fisher was one of eight children 
and is the only survivor, except a brother, 
James L. Xeff, who is now one of the best paid 
and most efficient engineers on the Cleveland, 
Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Railway, with 
which he has been connected for 35 years, his 
home being at Galion, Ohio. James L. Xeff 
enlisted in the Civil War at the age of 19 and 
served through the whole struggle. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fisher have three daughters 
and two sons, namely: Carrie, Benjamin H., 
Georgia, Frederick and Kathryn. Carrie, who 
resides in Kansas City, Missouri, with her two 
children, Georgia and Louise, is the widow of 
Sherry \Y. Marshall, who was receiving teller 
of the National Bank of Commerce of Kansas 
City, Missouri, at the time he was accidentally 
killed by the cars, on December 8, 1901, at La 
Cygne, Kansas. Benjamin H. Fisher, who is 
a graduate dentist, has lived during recent 
years in Portland, Oregon, but is now with a 
party en route to Alaska on a prospecting tour. 
Georgia married Asa Lea, and has one child, — 
Sherry E. ;they reside in Kansas City, Missouri, 
where Mr. Lea is manager of the Ancient Or- 
der of Pyramids, of that city. Frederick, who 
was a member of an Oregon battery in the 
Spanish-American War, lives in Columbus, 
Kansas, where he is a machinist and general 
mechanic. Kathryn lives at home with her 
nts. Mr-. Fisher is a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church, to which Mr. Fisher gives a 

liberal support. Politically, he is a Republican, 
while his social connection is with the Order 
of the Triple Tie. at Columbus, of which his. 
wife is also a member. 

ARON LYERLA. a former well 
known farmer of Cherokee County, 
whose farm was in sections 9 and 16, 
Shawnee township, died April 3. 
1892. He was born in Union County, Illinois. 
February 28, 1850. and was a son of Solomon 
and Delilah (Williams) Lyerla. The Lyerla 
family were among the pioneer settlers in Illi- 
nois, having moved to that State from North 
Carolina at an early day. Aaron Lyerla's 
grandfather moved to Jackson County, Illinois, 
form the Old North State, bringing all he had 
in a two- wheel ox cart. 

Solomon Lyerla was born in Jackson Coun- 
ty, Illinois, and remained on the home farm until 
about the time of his marriage, when he entered 
a tract of land and engaged in farming. He 
continued adding to his property, which was 
situated in Union County, until he became an 
extensive land owner for those clays. This 
property he sold about the year 1859. and 
bought a 360-acre farm in Montgomery Coun- 
ty. Illinois, where he lived until his death. He 
was a justice of the peace for many years, in 
Union and Montgomery counties. He was 
married twice, and 11 children were bom to 
his union with Delilah Williams, his second 
wife. Of these, the following grew to matur- 
ity: Jacob, a resident of Montgomery County. 
Illinois; Calvin; William R.. who is engaged 
in farming in Shawnee township. Cherokee 
County ; Richard, of Montgomery County. Illi- 
nois; Mary Jane, wife of P. W. Plyler. of 
Montgomery County; Sarah Ann, deceased, 
who was the wife of Frank Sellers; Margaret 
E.. wife of William Redmond, of Montgomery 


of Jai ksi m County, Illinois; 
and Aaron. The parents of the subject of this 
sketch were members of the Christian Church. 

Aaron Lyerla spent the first nine years of 
his life on his father's farm in Union County. 
Illinois, and then moved with the family to the 
Montgomery County farm, where he grew to 
manhood, becoming familiar with all kinds of 
farm work. There he remained, following the 
occupation of farming, until 1883. when he 
moved to Kansas, and located on a 160-acre 
tract which he had purchased. Four years 
afterward he returned to Illinois, and managed 
his mother's farm until the time of his death. 

A stanch Democrat, Mr. Lyerla always 
voted the ticket as set forth by that party, yet 
did not take a prominent part in political affairs. 
Fraternally, he affiliated with the Masons, hav- 
ing become a member of that order in his native 
State. He was a consistent member of the 
Christian Church, in which he was a faithful 

In 1872 Mr. Lyerla was married to Sarah 
Catherine Sellers, a daughter of Samuel Sellers, 
of Montgomery County, Illinois. Four chil- 
dren were born to this union, all of whom are 
living. They are as follows : Adah Heletha 
(Mrs. Fay Stone), of Villa Ridge, Illinois ; Eva 
Delilah (Mrs. Earl Bray), of Joplin, Mis- 
souri; Elsie Addie Euphemia (Mrs. Arthur 
Gibson), now living at Messer, Kansas; and 
Walter S., living on the old home place. Mrs. 
Lyerla's father was born and reared near Day- 
ton, Ohio. Although much of his time was 
spent in doing farm work, he was a carpenter 
by trade, and at intervals followed that occu- 
pation. Although not a politician, he took some 
interest in politics, always voting the Demo- 
cratic ticket. He married Ruth Isaruah 
Moniah Isabelle Buchanan Beck, a daugh- 
ter of John Beck. Of the seven children 
born to them, six are now living, name- 
ly : Sarah Catherine, widow of the sub- 

ject of this sketch; Euphemia Alice (1 
William R. Lyerla), of Shawnee town 
Cherokee County; Andrew Preston, of Deca- 
tur, Illinois; Melvin Powell, living at Grand 
Junction, Colorado; Amasa Erastus, of Illi- 
nois; and Samuel Wesley, of Grand Junction. 
Colorado. Mrs. Sellers was a member of the 
Christian Chuch. Her death occurred during 
the Civil War, in 1864. The father is still liv- 
ing, hale and hearty, at the age of 77 years. 
His home is in Coffeen, Montgomery County, 

Mrs. Lyerla resides on the 160 acres origin- 
ally purchased by her husband on his arrival 
in Kansas. It is good, rich farm land, much of 
it under cultivation, and with the assistance 
and good management of her son, Walter S.. 
who lives on the farm, it brings forth all the 
products of the average farm. As is the cus- 
tom of large land holders in this part of the 
country, a part of the farm is rented out. 

L. F. WILLIAMS, county attorney of 
Cherokee County, was born at Ap- 
pleton City, St. Clair County, Mis- 
souri, in 1876, and is a son of L. A. 
and Jennie (Wylie) Williams. 

The father of Mr. Williams, who was de- 
scended from Irish and Welsh ancestors, was 
born in Illinois, and reared near Cairo. He re- 
moved to Missouri where he married, and fin- 
ally located in Columbus, Kansas, where he was 
engaged in the grocery business with his son- 
in-law, C. W. Van Zandt. He continued thus 
until about two years prior to his death, in May. 
1901, at the age of 52 years. His wife still 
survives, and is a resident of Columbus. She 
has one daughter, Mrs. Edith Van Zandt, who 
is a singer of note, and has taught and studied 
music extensively. Mrs. Wan Zandt has had 
the advantages of being a pupil of Madam 
Clagett, wlur studied under Patti. 



When our subject was a child, his parents 
located at Lamar, Missouri, and there he grad- 
uated from the high school and subsequently 
taught a term of school in Barton County. 
Then he went into the newspaper business at 
Mountain Grove, Missouri, where in 1894, he 
conducted a paper for seven months. He re- 
turned to Lamar in 1895, and was on the edi- 
torial staff of the Barton County Republican 
for 12 months. He also spent some months in 
the law office of Thurman & Wray at Lamar, 
and later was in the office of C. D. Ashley, of 
Columbus, Kansas. On October 10, 1896, he 
located at Columbus, and was admitted to prac- 
tice in 1897, in which year he was employed 
in the offices of the county clerk and county 

On May 2, 1898, Mr. Williams enlisted for 
the Spanish-American War as 1st lieutenant 
of Company F, 22nd Reg., Kansas Inf., U. S. 
Vols., and accompanied the regiment to Topeka 
and to Leavenworth, and to Camp Alger, Vir- 
ginia. He crossed the mountains into Penn- 
sylvania, returning six months later as regi- 
mental quartermaster on the staff of Col. H. 
C. Lindsay, of Topeka. He then began his 
law practice at Columbus, and in April, 1899. 
was elected city attorney, on the Republican 
ticket. He was reelected in the spring of 1900. 
Soon afterward he formed a law partnership 
with C. A. McNeill, under the firm name of 
McNeill & Williams, which continued until he 
became county attorney of Cherokee County. 
To this office he was elected on the Republican 
ticket in November, T902, by a majority of 252, 
indicating a change of more than a thousand 
vi >tes, as compared with previous elections. 
1 Ie is without doubt the youngest prosecuting 
attorney in the State, and his county furnishes 
more criminal litigation than any other in the 
Suite, with the possible exception of two. In 
July. 1902, "Mr. Williams ripened a branch 

office at Weir City, which is now really his 

In addition to his successful practice of the 
law, Mr. Williams has shown unusual business 
ability and is one of the leading spirits in a 
prosperous enterprise which has its headquar- 
ters in Columbus. This is the Western Cigar 
& Tobacco Company of Columbus, incorpo- 
rated December 19, 1902, by C. A. McNeill, 
Al. F. Williams and W. W. Bowers, with a 
capital of $2,000. In January, 1904. the busi- 
ness was reincorporated with a capital of 
$5,000. While the controlling interest is held 
by Mr. McNeill and Mr. Williams, there are 
now about 40 stockholders, and its board of 
officers is as follows : C. A. McNeill, president ; 
Dr. C. S. Huffman, vice-president; Al. F. Wil- 
liams, secretary and treasurer; and W. W. 
Bowers, general manager. The traveling rep- 
resentative is W. M. Frogue, who covers 
Southeastern Kansas, Oklahoma and a part of 
Missouri. The company employs 40 people 
and turns out 125,000 cigars monthly, the lead- 
ing brands being the "Hoo-hoo," a five-cent 
cigar, and the "American Dignitaries," a 10- 
cent cigar. The success of this business has 
been almost phenomenal, and reflects the great- 
est credit upon the foresight, energy and ability 
of its founders. Fraternally, Mr. Williams 
belongs to the Grand Lodge of Kansas Knights 
of Pythias, the Odd Fellows. Elks, Eagles and 
Woodmen of the World. Religiously, he fa- 
vors the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

HARLES H. BETTY, one of the later 
settlers of Cherokee County, lives on 
a farm of 160 acres, in section 19, 
Shawnee township. He is a native 
of Montgomery County, Illinois, where he was 
born June 11, 1859. His parents were Isaac 
and Louisa (Allen) Betty, both natives of 



Smith County, Tennessee, where both grew to 
maturity and were married. 

Isaac Betty lived at home until his marriage, 
when he rented a farm and engaged in farming 
for himself for several years as a renter. In 
1849 he removed to Montgomery County, Illi- 
nois, and there remained until his death, which 
occurred in 1891, at the age of 72. Before his 
removal from Tennessee, he enlisted in the 
army for the Mexican War, and served faith- 
fully to the end, participating in many skir- 
mishes and in the battle of Buena Vista. He 
married Louisa Allen, a daughter of Archibald 
Allen, of Tennessee, and granddaughter of Ar- 
chibald Allen, a soldier of the War of 1812, 
who participated in the battle of New Orleans. 
They had eight children, seven of whom are 
living, namely: Caroline, wife of Thomas 
Gray, of Montgomery County, Illinois; Fran- 
cis, who is married and lives in Shawnee town- 
ship, Cherokee County ; Robert, of Oklahoma ; 
William, who lives near Spokane Falls, Wash- 
ington; Alonzo. of Illinois; Charles H. ; and 
Amanda, who lives with our subject. 

Charles H. Betty received such schooling 
as the schools of his native county afforded. 
He remained at home until the age of 2J, occu- 
pying himself with the labors of the farm. In 
1887 he came to Kansas, and purchased the 
farm of 160 acres where he now resides. Four 
years after taking up his residence in Kansas, 
he married Mary Atkinson, who was born in 
Columbus, Cherokee County, and is a daughter 
of J. C. Atkinson. The children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Betty are : Russell C, born July 2, 1893 ; 
Irven, born February 17, 1895; Mirten, born 
December 9, 1896; Alonzo J., born January 
25, 1898; Willis R., born September 6, 1899; 
Jesse N., born October 22, 1900; and Wilbert 
D.. born May 26, 1903. 

Mrs. Betty's father, J. C. Atkinson, was 
born in Indiana in 1836, and came to Kansas 

when very young, being numbered among the 
State's early settlers. A farmer all his life, 
he acquired enough of a competency to retire 
from active work in later years. His wife 
was a widow, whose maiden name was 
Sarah Caldwell. The only child of her 
first marriage was Eva (Mrs. Emanuel 
Jenkins), of the Indian Territory. To the 
marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Atkinson 
seven children were born, five of whom are 
living, as follows: Flora (Mrs. Young), of 
Hillside, Indian Territory; Ada, wife of Joseph 
Hampstan, of Shawnee township, Cherokee 
County; Fannie, wife of William Mantonia of 
Crestline, Cherokee County; Mary, wife of our 
subject ; and Marena, wife of William Adams, 
of Ralston, Oklahoma. 

Mr. Atkinson was a member of the Society 
of Friends, as is also his daughter. The Atkin- 
son family is of English descent, the great- 
grandfather having migrated from England to 
America. The grandfather was Robert Atkin- 
son, a native of Indiana. Mrs. Atkinson, the 
mother of Mrs. Betty, died September 25, 188 1. 

Mr. Betty has a fine farm for gardening 
purposes, and raises large quantities of garden 
produce. Of the small grains, corn is his prin- 
cipal crop, most of which he feeds to the stock- 
raised on the farm. Our subject prides him- 
self on the fine melons he raises, large numbers 
of which are placed on the market each year. 
Several times, at the Old Settlers' Reunions, he 
has exhibited his produce in competition for the 
prizes offered, and the size and good quality 
of his exhibit have won the prize each time. 

Mr. Betty, though not taking an active in- 
terest in politics, always votes a straight Repub- 
lican ticket, and at all times stands for the prin- 
ciples of his party. The family is well and 
favorably known in the locality and are held 
in the highest respect and esteem by all who 
know them. 



LKER, juni. 
] er of tl firm of Skidmore & 

Walker, of Columbus, \\ June 

22, [873, in Cherokee County, Kan- 
and is a son of Arcenith F. and Lucinda 
A. (Le Grand) Walker. 

Arcenith F. Walker and his wife were 
reared in Illinois, the father in Bond County, 
and the mother in St. Clair County, and they 
came to Neosho township, Cherokee County. 
Kansas, in 1867. Mr. Walker has followed 
farming and stock-raising ever since. Of their 
nine children, seven still survive, namely: John, 
a stonecutter by trade, who is married and re- 
sides on his farm in Lyon township; Edward, 
also married, who lives on his farm in Lola 
township; William, who also has a family, and 
lives on his farm in Lyon township; Stephen 
L., about whom we write; Daniel A., who is 
a dentist in the town of McCune, Crawford 
County, Kansas; Frederick A., who is an attor- 
ney at Weir City; and Walter, who is a high 
school student. Jennie married S. D. New- 
ton, and was accidentally killed in 1896, at the 
age of 28 years, leaving a family of four little 
children. Myrtle died at the age of 18 months. 
Mr. Walker was reared in Cherokee Coun- 
ty, and is a product of her public schools. From 
the Columbus High School he went to the Kan- 
sas Normal College at Fort Scott, and then 
took up teaching as a profession. This he fol- 
lowed for eight years through Cherokee Coun- 
ty, in the meantime preparing for the serious 
study of the law. After two years spent with 
C. D. Ashley, a prominent attorney of Colum- 
bus, he was admitted to the bar on September 
25. 1900. and practiced alone until January. 
1903, when he formed his present partnership 
with Judge A. H. Skidmore. He is considered 
one of the most promising f the younger mem- 
bers of the bar, and his past success may be 
taken as an indication of his future. Lis quick- 
ness an I al ed to Judge Skidmore's 

learning' and! experience make a combination 
of exceeding strength, and the firm handles a 
large part of the important legal business of 
this section. 

During the late Spanish-American War. 
Mr. Walker enlisted in Company F, 22nd Reg., 
Kansas Infantry, L T . S. Volunteers, and re- 
mained six months in the service, being sta- 
tioned at Camp Alger and other points in the 
East, with the rank of sergeant. 

Mr. Walker's family consists of a wife and 
son, the latter a bright lad bearing the name of 
Maurice Andrew. Mrs. Walker was formerly 
Minnie Mayhew. whose mother, Mrs. Sarah 
Mayhew, resides in Columbus. The Mayhew 
family came to Cherokee County in 1880, and 
here Mrs. Walker was a successful teacher for 
about nine years. She is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Politically, Mr. Walker is a Republican. 
Like his father, who is a veteran of the Civil 
War, he is patriotically devoted to his country 
while at the same time he is fully awake to the 
needs and the opportunities of his county and 
city. Possessing a winning address and ster- 
ling traits of character, many are found to pre- 
dict a bright future for this able young at- 


E WITT C. SEIBERT, deceased, was 
one of the early settlers of Cherokee 
County, and for many years was 
identified with its important affairs. 
He was born in Washington County, Mary- 
land, July 11, 1846, and died in Cherokee 
County, February 10, 1902. His parents were 
Henry and Elizabeth (Martin) Seibert. 

Henry Seibert was ' born November _;<>. 
1815, in Washington County. Maryland, and 
died July 26, 1871, in Carroll County, Indiana. 
His wife, Elizabeth Martin, was born April 
7, 1822, in Bedford County, Pennsylvania, and 


died October 26, 1867. The Seiberts haw all 
I ecu Democrats in politics, and Presbyterians 
in religion, and both they and the Martins were 
prominent men and women in their day. Wil- 
liam Martin, a brother of the late Mr. Seibert's 
mother, as one of the responsible men of his 
locality, was selected as one of the jury called 
in the case of John Brown, the agitator. Mr. 
Martin still survives and lives at Harper*s 
Ferry, being an old man now. The late Mr. 
Seibert was one of a family of eight children, 
viz : Mrs. Catherine Mullendore, who died at 
Dodge City, Kansas ; Mrs. Rachel Barnes, who 
died at Delphi, Indiana ; Mrs. Susan E. Barnes, 
of Danville, Illinois ; De Witt C. ; Emma, who 
died in Illinois: David, who died on his farm 
in Indiana ; Abram, who died in Indiana ; and 
Lewis, who died in boyhood. 

The late Mr. Seibert removed with his par- 
ents to Carroll County, Indiana, when five years 
of age, and remained there until the fall of 
1876, when he came to Cherokee County, and 
settled on a farm about four miles from Co- 
lumbus, in Crawford township. Here he pros- 
pered, and the farm is still owned by his widow, 
who leases and oversees it personally. In De- 
cember, 1901, he removed to Columbus, but 
enjoyed his pleasant home there but a short 
time, his death occurring in the following Feb- 
ruary. He was active in politics, and fre- 
quently served in township offices. He joined 
the organization of Odd Fellows while a resi- 
dent of Indiana. 

On February 8. 1870, in Indiana, Mr. Sei- 
bert was married to Belle F. Wharton, who was 
born September 17, 1852, in Carroll County, 
Indiana, and is a daughter of John and Ann A. 
(Montgomery) Wharton. John Wharton was 
born July 12, 1812. in what was then Mifflin, 
but is now included in Juniata County, Penn- 
sylvania, of Scotch-Irish parentage. At the 
time of his death he had been a ruling elder of 
the Rock Creek Presbyterian Church for over 

50 years, having joined this , ; body in 

1832. On February 2, 1866, Mr. Whai 
was initiated into Rockfield Lodge, I. O. O. F., 
No. 301, and as long as he lived he took an 
active part in the workings of the order. On 
March jt,. 1837, Mr. Wharton married Ann A. 
Montgomery, who was born at Lewistown, 
Mifflin County. Pennsylvania, February 23. 
1819, and died at Logansport. Cass Count v. 
Indiana, July 29, 1901. Her parents came to 
America from County Tyrone, Ireland, accom- 
panying their parents to Mifflin County, Penn- 
sylvania, where they settled down to farming 
in the fertile Tuscarora Valley. Great-grand- 
father Wharton served seven years in the Rev- 
olutionary War, and was taken prisoner by the 
Indians. Mr. Wharton survived until June 6, 
1900, dying on his farm in Carroll Count}-. 
Indiana, after a residence there of 62 years. 
In early life a Whig, he later adopted the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. 

Mrs. Seibert was the youngest of seven 
children who arrived at maturity, namely : Wil- 
liam W., a farmer near Logansport, Indiana, 
and a veteran of the Civil War; Mrs. Lizzie J. 
Anderson, who died at Mattox, Virginia, in 
June, 1899; James, a very successful farmer 
near Bringhurst, Indiana, who was 1st lieuten- 
ant of Company A, 9th Reg. Indiana Vol. Int.. 
and served through four years of the Civil 
War; S. Edward, also a veteran of the Civil 
War, who is now engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness in Chicago; Mrs. Mattie Jordan, who re- 
sides at Lake Cicott. Indiana; Robert, 
who is in the employ of the Chicago 
& Alton Railway Company at Bloom- 
ington, Illinois; and Mrs. Seibert. The 
last named was reared and educated in 
Indiana and there met and married the hue 
De Witt C. Seibert. They had three children, 
namely: Leila, Lewis and Harry. Leila, 
who is now the wife of Dr. I'. R. Sayer, 
a prominent dentist of Columbus, was 



born December 5. 1870, in Carroll Count}-, 
Indiana. Lewis, who was also born in Car- 
roll County, March 17. 1874, is interested in 
farming in Cherokee County; he was married 
on .March 19, 1899, to May Overholser, and 
has one son, — Clinton. Harry, who was born 
in Cherokee County, February 2, 1877, ' s en ~ 
gaged with S. \V. Hough, in the undertaking 
business at Columbus, and on December 28, 
1898, was married to Margaret Gaither. 

As before stated, Mrs. Seibert finds pleas- 
ure and occupation in personally overseeing the 
homestead farm of 160 acres, and she also owns 
the handsome family home in Columbus. She 
has been a member of, and an active worker in, 
the Presbyterian Church since her childhood. 
About the time of his marriage, Mr. Seibert 
became a member of the same denomination, 
and from 1877 until his death he served as an 
elder in the Columbus Presbyterian Church. 
He was a man of upright life and Christian 
spirit. He commanded the respect of all who 
knew him, and his death was a distinct loss to 
Cherokee County. 

A. LaRUE, cashier of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Columbus, the oldest 
financial institution in Cherokee 
County, was born in 1868 in Ben- 
ton County, Iowa, and is a son of T. P. LaRue, 
the well known capitalist of this section. 

Mr. LaRue was a pupil in the public schools 
of Iowa, and was 18 years of age when he came 
to Cherokee County, Kansas. Two years later 
he entered the banking institution of which his 
father was president, and in 1891 was made 
cashier. This bank was founded in 1882 by 
I 'wight & Schott; it passed into the hands of 
Jarvis, Conklin & Company and was then 
bought by T. A. LaRue in the fall of 1887. 
The change in name was accomplished in 1902. 
Its capitalization is $50,000, and its undivided 

profits are about $5,000. Its officers are: T. 
P. LaRue, president; Isaac Wright, vice-presi- 
dent; H. A. LaRue, cashier; and A. M. Albin. 
assistant cashier. Mr. LaRue's time is devoted 
to the business of the bank, and to looking after 
his extensive real estate investments. 

Mr. LaRue married Ella H. Hughes, who 
came to Kansas in 1880 with her parents. Her 
father is deceased, but her mother resides in 
Columbus. Mr. and Mrs. LaRue have one 
son, Robert H., who was bom in Columbus. 
Mrs. LaRue is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Politically, Mr. LaRue is identified with 
the Republican party. At present he is serving 
as treasurer of the Columbns Board of Educa- 
tion. His fraternal associations include the 
Masonic Blue Lodge and Royal Arch Chapter 
at Columbus; and the Knights of Pythias. 
Modern Woodmen of America and the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, all of Columbus. 

OMMODORE F. COOL, one of the 
substantial citizens of Columbus, a 
member of the Logan Abstract & 
Loan Company of this city, was 
born in McLean County, Illinois, and is a son 
of H. and Esther (Haner) Cool. 

The father of Mr. Cool was born in West 
Virginia and moved in 1856 to Illinois, where 
he followed farming until 1870. Then he 
moved to Cherokee County, Kansas, and se- 
cured a farm in Lyon township. He died in 
the fall of 1896. He had served as justice of 
the peace and on school boards, and had been 
active in political affairs. The mother of Mr. 
Cool was born in Illinois, and died in Cherokee 
County, Kansas, in 18S4. The children, be- 
sides the subject of this sketch, are, — J. W., a 
farmer in Lyon township, Cherokee County ; 
Mrs. R. D. Oliver, of Webb City, Missouri; 
Mrs. Tom Murphy, of Meade County, Kansas; 



J. E., of Salida, Colorado; and Clarence, of 
San Francisco, California. 

Commodore F. Cool remained at home until 
he attained his majority. His early life, from 
the age of seven years until that of 22, was 
mainly devoted to maintaining himself and lay- 
ing a foundation for a very liberal education. 
At the age of 22 years he attended the Quaker 
Academy for a month, and was a pupil later 
at Fort Scott, teaching in the meantime, and 
thus providing himself with funds, so that in 
1889 he was graduated with the degrees of B. 
A., and B. O., at the Kansas State Normal 
School at Fort Scott, and in 1893 at Emporia 
he secured a life certificate. The accomplish- 
ment of this desire meant a great deal, for it 
was secured entirely through his own unas- 
sisted efforts, and indicated a perseverance and 
concentration which will be winning factors 
through his later life in the business world. He 
continued in the educational field, serving as 
principal of the Humboldt High School, then 
as superintendent of the Scammon schools and 
then from 1897 to 1901, as county superin- 
tendent of schools. In the fall of the latter 
year he resigned the position to become a 
teacher of elocution, oratory and English in 
the Cherokee County High School. In June, 
1903, Mr. Cool entered into partnership with 
J. Wilbur Logan, forming the Logan Abstract 
& Loan Company, an enterprise which is a lead- 
ing business institution of the city. 

Mr. Cool married Catherine Vincent, who 
for 12 years previously had been a teacher in 
the Columbus schools. They have three chil- 
dren, — Christine, Victor Vincent and Court- 
ney Franklin. 

The parents of Mrs. Cool, David and 
Rachel Vincent, were early settlers at Colum- 
bus, where Mr. Vincent conducted a hotel and 
restaurant for a number of years. His death 
occurred some years since, but Mrs. Vincent 

still survives and is a member of Mr. Cool's 

Mr. Cool has been identified with educa- 
tional matters ever since he has resided in Co- 
lumbus. He was president of the board of 
trustees of the Cherokee County high school, 
and had much to do with securing its location 
and getting it into operation. Formerly he was 
a Republican, but is now a Populist, having 
been elected county superintendent on the Fu- 
sion ticket. Since the age of 17 years, he has 
been a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and is an active worker in the church, 
Sunday-school, and Junior League, of which 
he is now superintendent. 

J. SLEASE, who has been engaged in 
mercantile pursuits at Columbus 
since 1886, and is now one of its 
leading citizens, was born in Arm- 
strong County, Pennsylvania, in 1858, and is 
a son of Jacob and Mary (Baker nee Lucas) 

Jacob Slease was a farmer all his life and 
owned a fine property in Pennsylvania, where 
his death occurred in 1898, at the age of 70 
years, after two visits made to Cherokee Coun- 
ty, Kansas. In politics, he was an old-line 
Democrat. The mother died on the home farm 
in 1895. They reared six children to maturity, 
namely : John and Harvey, farmers in Penn- 
sylvania; L. J., our subject; George M., who, 
with Harvey, owns the old homestead ; and 
Emma Jane, who lives on the old homestead 
with her brothers. 

Mr. Slease was 21 years of age when he 
came to Cherokee County, in 1879, after com- 
pleting a good, common-school education and 
teaching about three years. After coming to 
this section, he taught school three years near 



Weir City. I it removed llien to Columbus and 
accepted a clerkship in the Branin Brothers' 

1 kstore, where he remained for three years. 

until the building- was burned. He then en- 
tered into partnership with W. J. Branin, and 

about five years was engaged in book sell- 
ing, in tlie front of the post office, moving as the 
post office was moved. He then sold his in- 
terest, to engage in his present successful en- 

Mr. Slease is proprietor of the "Fair" which 
he opened up in what was known as the Branin 
Building, where he continued two years. Then 
he removed to the Scammon Building, on the 
easl side of the square. In April, 1896, he 
1) oved to the Opera House Building, in which 
he is interested as a stockholder. This is one 

le finest locations in the city. Here the bus- 
iness has been developed into a dry goods, 

ling, boot, shoe and notion emporium. Mr. 
Slease carrying a very heavy stock which is 
accommodated in a building 110 feet deep by 
40 feet in width, modernly equipped. The 
services of four courteous ladies and the same 
number of gentlemen, on opposite sides of the 
building, are required, in addition to the assist- 
ance rendered by Mr. and Mrs. Slease and their 
son, Charles M. They have devoted close at- 
tention to the upbuilding of this enterprise for 
the past 12 years, and have met with gratifying- 
success. Mr. Slease is one of the city's capi- 
talists ; he is one of the heaviest stockholders in 
the Columbus Vitrified Brick & Tile Company, 
and is also interested in the Cherokee County 
Lumber Company, both successful organi- 

Mr. Slease was married in Platte City, Mis- 
souri, to Maggie Slease, who was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and who had been prior to her mar- 
riage a successful teacher in Northern Kansas. 
They have two intelligent, capable children, — 
Charles M. and Helen Mary. The former is 
bis father's bookkeeper and cashier. He at- 

tended school at Columbus, beginning at the 
;ix years, and never missing a day until 
he graduated at the County High School in 
1902. This perseverance and attention to duty 
have accompanied him into business life, and he 
is laying the foundation for a future prosperous 
career. The daughter is a student in the Coun- 
ty High School, and although but 16 years of 
age is already a valued instructor in instrumen- 
tal music. She has been the organist for the 
Methodist Episcopal Sunday-school for some 
years, and is the assistant church organist. Her 
talents promise to bring her into prominence in 
the musical world. The finely improved home 
of the Slease family is situated in the northern 
portion of Columbus, and is one of the most 
valuable residence properties in the city. 

Politically. Mr. Slease is a Democrat. In 
1 901 he was elected mayor of the city, on the 
Citizens' ticket, and served from 1901 to 1903. 
His fraternal relations are with the Camp of the 
Modern Woodmen of America, at Columbus. 
The family belong to the Methodist Episcopal 

OL. W. S. NORTON, who for the 
past five years has been a valued cit- 
izen of Columbus, is one of Chero- 
kee County's most prominent and 
wealthy residents, a large mine and land owner, 
a political leader and a sociable, whole-souled 
gentleman. He was born in July. 1845, at 
Paris, Illinois, and is a son of Amos and Eliza- 
beth (Frasier) Norton. 

Amos Norton was born in 1826 in Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, and was a nephew of "Little Ben" 
Norton, the noted territorial Senator from 
Ohio, who was also the first Senator elected 
from that commonwealth when it became a 
State. In 1854 Amos Norton visited Kansas 
but did not locate here, settling at Buffalo. Mis- 
souri. In 1855 he purchased land south of 



Buffalo, in Dallas County, Missouri, and was 
engaged in farming and stock-raising until the 
1 outbreak of the Civil War. He enlisted as 
quartermaster of the 14th Regiment, Missouri 
State Militia, and was captured and killed by 
Turner's band of guerrillas, on April 2. 1863. 
His widow, who was a daughter of William 
Frasier, of Kentucky, died at the home of the 
subject of this sketch in Columbus, in 1901, 
in advanced age. Of their three sons, only 
Colonel Norton ever became prominent in this 

The adventurous and interesting career of 
Colonel Norton dates from liis 15th year, 
when he left his home at Buffalo (where his 
father had located, bringing the family from 
Edgar County, Illinois, when our subject was 
nine years old) and enlisted in the Missouri 
State Guards. This took place May 4, 1861, 
and for 10 months he served in Company A of 
this organization and then for 90 days, in the 
Home Guards, and later, in the 8th Regiment, 
Missouri Vol. Cav., from which he was honor- 
ably discharged in September, 1865, with a 
commission. The close of the war found him, 
like many others, in doubt as to his future, dif- 
ferent localities presenting their claims, but 
many having serious drawbacks attached. Thus 
his venture into Old Mexico only resulted in 
a breakdown of health, and January, 1866, 
found him back at work on the home farm. In 
the following summer he first came to Chero- 
kee County, Kansas, a section in which he is 
now so well known and so highly valued. 

At this time, on account of a heavy fire 
loss. Colonel Norton was some thousands of 
dollars in debt ; all his obligations have long 
since been discharged, dollar for dollar. He 
located one and a half miles west of the present 
site of Galena on government land which had 
been transferred to James F. Joy, the pro- 
moter and builder of the Kansas City, Fort 
Scott & Gulf Railroad. Settlers who had lo- 

cated were exempt and could keep their lands. 
Colonel Norton purchased from the heirs of 
John Ross. In three years he broke out and 
seeded a portion of the tract, made improve- 
ments, secured the location of a post office at 
the crossroads town of Checo, served as its 
first postmaster and then sold out to Rev. Mr. 
Stephens, whose son is now a business man of 
Galena. Mr. Stephens succeeded as postmas- 
ter, and served as such until the organization 
of the town of Galena. 

In 1869 Colonel Norton began school teach- 
ing near Carthage, Missouri, and lived there 
until February, 1871, engaging also in freight- 
ing between Granby and Sedalia. He then 
settled in Joplin, where he began his mercantile 
career and his mining operations. His earlier 
mining ventures were in lead and zinc, but his 
present operations are confined mainly to coal 
mining and are extensive and successful. He 
owns over 2,000 acres of land in Cherokee 
County, 600 of which are included in two 
stock ranches, one located south of Lowell, and 
the other, northwest of Columbus, the rest of 
the property being coal and farming land. 
For 15 years he had given his attention closely 
to his coal and mercantile enterprises, but in 
the fall of 1903 he closed out the latter, which 
had been conducted at Scammon. 

Colonel Norton is a lawyer by profession, 
and was in active practice from 1881 to 1900. 
having been admitted to the bars of Missouri, 
Arkansas and Kansas. It is not remarkable that 
a man so identified with such large business in- 
terests, should be also prominent politically. He 
was reared in the traditions of the Democratic 
party, but has long been affiliated with the Re- 
publican party, and served as State Senator 
from Cherokee County, from 1S88 to 1892. He 
served for six years as mayor of Baxter 
Springs, and has been a leading factor in almosl 
all of the public affairs of this section for the 
past 30 years. 



On April n, 1883, Colonel Norton was 
married to Mary A. Stall, who was probably 
the first female infant born at Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, her father being a lieutenant 
of United States Dragoons, who subsequently 
met death from wounds, during the Civil War, 
at Andersonville Prison. Mrs. Stall died in 
California. Colonel and Mrs. Norton have two 
children, — Maude, who is yet a student at col- 
lege, and Claude, who is a student in the Mis- 
souri Military Academy, at Mexico, Missouri. 
Mrs. Norton and her daughter are members 
of the Presbyterian Church. The Colonel has 
liberal views, but they never take him very tar 
from orthodoxy. 

His social and fraternal associations are 
with the Columbus G. A. R. Post, in which he 
has filled chairs at Baxter and Galena, and with 
the Masonic Blue Lodge and Royal Arch Chap- 
ter of Columbus. 

R. SAYER, D. D. S., secretary and 
treasurer of the Saytr & Puttkamer 
Mining Company, of Cherokee 
County, and one of the leading den- 
tal practitioners of Columbus, was born in 1872 
near Des Moines, Iowa, and is a son of G. W. 
and Margaret (Malone) Sayer. 

The parents of Dr. Sayer moved from Iowa 
to Kansas in 1876 and settled near Manhattan, 
where they were engaged in farming until the 
spring of 1889, when they came to Cherokee 
County, and now reside in the vicinity of Crest- 
line. They had the 'following children : P. R. ; 
William and Roy, of Cherokee County; T. V., 
formerly a dental practitioner, but now inter- 
ested in mining ; and Charles. 

P. R. Sayer was reared in Kansas and was 
a pupil in the common schools of Cherokee 
County. In 1896 he entered the office of Dr. 
J. O. Houx, for the study of dentistry, and also 
took a literary course in the State Normal 

School at Fort Scott. He remained two years 
with Dr. Houx and in 1899 opened an office 
of his own at Columbus, where he has met with 
the most satisfactory success. He has a finely 
equipped suite of rooms in the LaRue Building. 

Dr. Sayer has been quite extensively inter- 
ested in mining operations for some years, giv- 
ing attention to lead and zinc working in the 
Galena district and, as stated, is an official of 
the Sayer & Puttkamer Mining Company, the 
president and general superintendent of which 
is John Puttkamer, and the vice-president, T. 
V. Sayer. The property is considered very val- 
uable, and the developing work now in pro- 
gress gives every promise of rich returns. 

At Columbus, Dr. Sayer married a daugh- 
ter of DeWitt C. Seibert, who was an early set- 
tler of Cherokee County. They have two chil- 
dren, — Constance Annabel and Grace Emeliue. 
They enjoy a pleasant home with beautiful sur- 
roundings, in the southwestern part of the city. 
Dr. and Mrs. Sayer are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. 

Fraternally, Dr. Sayer is a member of the 
Odd Fellows and the Modern Woodmen of 
America, and he belongs also to the State Den- 
tal Association of Kansas. Politically, he is 
identified with the Democratic party. 

P. LaRUE, president of the First 
National Bank of Columbus, and 
one of the leading capitalists of 
Cherokee County, was born in 1844 
in Morrow County, Ohio, and is a son of Aaron 

The LaRue family is of French extraction, 
and the American branch was instituted by 
Huguenot refugees who became prominent in 
the State of Virginia and, later, in Ohio. Aaron 
LaRue was born in Virginia in 1800, and died 
in Iowa in 1885. He took his family to Iowa 





in 1856, and settled on a farm in the vicinity 
of Vinton, in Benton County. 

T. P. LaRue was reared on his father*s 
farm in Iowa. He possessed the business ca- 
pacity which led him to invest his small capital 
to the best advantage, and to turn it over until 
he had secured enough to establish himself in 
a private banking business. This he accom- 
plished in 1877 with means he had earned him- 
self, for Mr. LaRue is an example of a self- 
made man. He continued in the private bank- 
ing business at Scranton, Iowa, until 1886, 
when he moved to Cherokee County, Kansas, 
subsequently purchasing the Columbus Bank, a 
private institution, of which Jarvis, Conklin 
& Company were the owners. This bank, 
which was founded in 1882 by D wight & 
Schott, had been disposed of to Jarvis, Conklin 
& Company, and was sold to Mr. LaRue in the 
fall of 1887. 

In 1902 the institution became the First 
National Bank of Columbus, which is capi- 
talized at $50,000, and has about $5,000 in un- 
divided profits. Mr. LaRue is now in active 
charge of the bank as its president, and the 
other officers are, — Isaac Wright, vice-presi- 
dent; H. A. LaRue, cashier; and A. M. Albin, 
assistant cashier. The success of the institu- 
tion has been assured ever since Mr. LaRue 
took charge, and the business has continued to 
expand until now it is rated, not only as one 
of the safest, but also as one of the most im- 
portant financial concerns of the State. 

When Mr. LaRue came to Cherokee Coun- 
ty, he brought considerable capital with him, 
which, under his good management, has many 
times increased. He owns between 4,000 and 
5,000 acres of land in Cherokee County and is 
the largest tax payer. He also has property 
located in other states, and owns stock in several 
other banks. His farming land he rents, de- 
voting the greater part of his time to the man- 
agement of his numerous investments. 


Mr. LaRue married Elizabeth Hutton, who 
was born in Ohio, and taken to Iowa when a 
child by her parents. Six children were born 
to them, four in Iowa, and two (twins) in 
Kansas. Mrs. LaRue and the younger children 
are enjoying the comforts of the beautiful win- 
ter home at Los Angeles, California. 

During the Civil War, Mr. LaRue served 
for 18 months as a non-commissioned officer 
in Company G, 2nd Reg., Iowa Vol. Inf., and 
saw active service during his time, but returned 
uninjured. Politically, he has always been a 
strong supporter of the Republican party, but 
has never accepted preferment of any kind. 
Fraternally, he is a Royal Arch Mason, and 
belongs also to the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic. In religious views, he favors Catholic in- 

Without doubt, Mr. LaRue is one of the 
most widely known men in business and finan- 
cial circles in this section of Kansas, and he 
fills a prominent position as the president of 
oldest banking institution in Cherokee County. 

XDREW SHEARER, a prominent 
resident of Columbus, and one of the 
most substantial citizens and largest 
land owners of Cherokee County, 
whose portrait accompanies this sketch, was 
born in Scotland, and is a son of Robert and 
Elizabeth (Chambers) Shearer. 

Robert Shearer was born in Scotland. His 
wife, while of Scotch parents, was born in 
White Haven, England. She died in Illinois, 
in the winter of 1902, but Robert Shearer still 
survives, residing near Keelville, Lyon town- 
ship, Cherokee County, and, although almost 
87 years of age, still takes an active interest in 
agricultural affairs. The subject of this sketch- 
is the eldest of his family of six children. A 
brother and sister still reside in Illinois, and 

3 o8 


two brothers, Hugh and John, settled in Lyon 
township, where the former died in April, 1902. 

Andrew Shearer was reared in Will 
County, Illinois, and attended the public 
>ols. His business has always been of an 
agricultural nature and he has been highly suc- 
cessful. He located in Cherokee County, Kan- 
sas, in February, 1881, having purchased a 
farm of 160 acres from the railroad company 
in the previous year. To this first purchase he 
lias added until he now owns over 1,000 acres 
in Cherokee County, including one entire sec- 
tion. When he came here he brought with him 
some fine Clydesdale stock, and has continued 
to raise this breed ever since. He has done an 
immense amount of feeding, buying and sell- 
ing cattle. In 1900 Mr. Shearer purchased his 
present home site in the northwest portion of 
the city. He improved it greatly and now en- 
joys one of the really fine homes of Columbus. 

Prior to coming to Cherokee County, Mr. 
Shearer had married, in Illinois, Kate Kassa- 
baum, who was born in Pennsylvania, but was in Illinois. They have three children, 
namely: Mrs. Addie Mcintosh, born in Illi- 
nois, and now residing on the old homestead 
in Lyon township, who has one son, — Arthur, 
— born there; Mrs. Maggie Deem, born in 
Illinois, who also resides in Lyon township, 
.and has one son, — Harry; and Oliver, born in 
Cherokee County, who is still at home. 

Politically, Mr. Shearer is a Republican. 
and has been a very prominent factor in county 
politics. From 1893 to 1896 he served as 
county commissioner, and from 1897 to 1898 
as county treasurer. Prior to this he had 
served in various township offices, and has al- 
ways done his full duty as a public-spirited 

The family is connected with the United 
Brethren Church, although Mr. Shearer was 
reared in the Presbyterian faith, his father hav- 
ing prepared for the Presbyterian ministry. 

While still a resident of Illinois, Mr. Shearer 
became identified with the Masonic fraternitv. 
and since coming to Kansas he has become a 
member of the Odd Fellows. He is one of the 
highly respected and widely known citizens of 
this section. 

of Lamaster has long been an hon- 
ored one in Lola township, four mem- 
bers of this family having been among 
the early settlers. The gentleman mentioned 
above was the first to come to the county, mak- 
ing the trip from Knox County, Missouri, in 
May, 1870. He located on the farm in sec- 
tion 27, township 33. range 22, which now con- 
stitutes his home, — being part of what were 
called the "Joy lands." Mr. Lamaster was born 
in Garrard County, Kentucky, November 6, 

The father of the subject of this sketch was 
Alexander W. Lamaster, a native of Kentucky, 
who lived out his 60 years of life there and in 
Missouri, dying in Knox County, Missouri, in 
1865. He was a cooper by trade and also fol- 
lowed farming. He married Nancy Lear, also 
of the "Blue Grass State," who died in Knox 
County in i860 at the age of 48 years. She 
was the mother of the following children : Mrs. 
Elizabeth Haden. who came with her husband 
to Cherokee County and is now deceased ; Mrs. 
Sallie Starks, of Montana; James W., the sub- 
ject of this review; Mrs. Zarelda Lewis, of 
Pony, Montana; Mrs. Edna Earl, of Lola 
township; William A., elsewhere mentioned 
in this volume; Mrs. Katherine Lightfoot, of 
Deer Lodge, Montana ; Mrs. Nancy Bradshaw, 
of LaBelle, Missouri; and Joel Garwood, of 
Butte City, Montana. 

James W. Lamaster was 13 years old when 
his parents removed from the "Blue Grass 
State" to Knox Countv. Missouri. He re- 



ceived a fair common-school education, and 
learned lessons in thrift and economy in the 
rigorous farm life of his early manhood. His 
youth was passed amid the exciting events of 
the Civil War, but he was too young to enter the 
service. He remained at home until 1869, and 
then resolved to take advantage of the cheap 
lands then obtainable in Southeastern Kansas. 
Arriving in Cherokee County in May, he soon 
found a suitable location, as noted above, and 
began the arduous task of building a home in a 
new country. His first entry was a quarter 
section of the "Joy lands," to which he later 
added 150 acres of "treaty-right" land in sec- 
tion 29, 40 acres in section 21 and 40 acres in 
section 27, adjoining his home place, making 
in all 390 acres, all in township 33, range 22. 

As he looks out upon his broad acres at the 
present time, his mind reverts to the period 
when the surrounding country was nothing 
but unimproved prairie, with neighbors many 
miles away, the nearest trading points being 
Columbus, Chetopa and Oswego, — the first 
named place having at that time only a few 
small houses or huts. But strong in the faith 
that out of these seemingly desert lands would 
come fertile and productive farms (for it was 
at one time thought that the Western prairies 
were barren), he worked away, breaking land 
for his neighbors as well as for himself, plant- 
ing fruit and shade trees and adding one im- 
provement after another as he had the means, 
and finding himself a little in advance every 
year. When he came to the county he had only 
a team and about $200. His first habitation 
was a frame box-house one story high, and 12 
by 14 feet in size, with two doors and one 
window. This continued to be his home until 
19 years ago, when he built his present commo- 
dious and substantial frame dwelling. For a 
good many years Mr. Lamaster kept bachelor's 
hall in the primitive house mentioned. For 
six years he ran a prairie team, making trips 

to and from Columbus with oxen. At first he 
had very poor crops, the failures being caused 
by severe droughts and grasshopper raids. 
Probably the most discouraging year was when 
myriads of grasshoppers attacked his 40-acre 
wheat field, and destroyed every blade, as well 
as nearly everything green on the farm. 

Mr. Lamaster married rather late in life, 
waiting until he had accumulated considerable 
property and was well established in business. 
In 1 88 1 he was united in marriage with Elzada 
Thompson, who was born near Indianapolis, 
Indiana, September 18, 1859, and is a daugh- 
ter of Adam and Zella Agnes (Bursott) 
Thompson, natives of Kentucky and Indiana, 
respectively. One daughter, Zella May, was 
born to this marrige, December 28, 1882. Mr. 
Lamaster has been a great worker in the Chris- 
tian Church, and a fast friend of education. 
He has at various times served on the School 
Board. He votes with the Populist party, al- 
though he cares little for politics. Mr. Lamas- 
ter has been a member of the A. H. T. A. and 
the Land League of the settlers. He is a gen- 
tleman whom all unite in greeting with warm 
expressions of esteem. 

AMES N. DODSON, city treasurer of 
Weir City, and one of its prominent 
citizens and substantial business men. 
was born in Johnson County, Mis- 
souri, in 1855, and is a son of William and 
Sarah (Farris) Dodson. 

William Dodson was born in 1813 on the 
site of the city of St. Louis, Missouri, when it 
was but a little collection of log houses, inhab- 
ited chiefly by French traders. He learned the 
carpenter's trade, which he followed in connec- 
tion with farming all his active life. His first 
removal was to Howard County. Missouri, 
thence to Johnson County and later, in 1859, 



to Henry County, where he located in the vicin- 
ity of Calhoun. His death took place at Lewis 
Station, Henry County, September 20, 1879, 
at the age of 66 years. In political views, he 
was in accord with the Republican party. Wil- 
liam Dodson was twice married, the two chil- 
dren of his first union being, — Mary, who is 
a resident of Joplin, Missouri; and Henry, who 
resides at Bartlesville, Indian Territory. Henry 
Dodson enlisted in the Civil War in 1861, en- 
tering the 7th Regiment, Missouri Vol. Cav., 
as a private, and rose successively to the rank 
of 2nd lieutenant, 1st lieutenant and captain. 
He has been a prominent figure in political life, 
and served two years as sheriff of Henry 
County, Missouri, and two years as sheriff of 
Butler County, Kansas. The second marriage 
of William Dodson was to Sarah Farris, who 
was born in Missouri in 1828, and died Sep- 
tember 5, 1893. Their surviving children are 
as follows: John T., of Joplin, Missouri; 
Martin F., of Seattle, Washington; James N. ; 
Nealia, of Lowry City, Missouri; Charles J., 
of Pittsburg, Kansas ; Jennie, of Weir City, 
Kansas ; and Robert, of Lowry City, Missouri. 
James N. Dodson was four years old when 
his parents moved to Henry County, Missouri, 
and settled on a farm, and he assisted in its 
cultivation until he was 22 years of age. Then 
he began to work in the coal mines of Henry 
Count}', where he continued for 10 years. In 
1880 he married and six years later moved with 
his family to Butler County, Kansas, and em- 
barked in mercantile pursuits at Leon. Two 
years later he moved his family and stock of 
goods to Bennetts, Arkansas. Mr. Dodson car- 
ried on his store in connection with the butch- 
ering business, from November, 1887, to May, 
1888, when he moved to Huntington, Arkansas. 
There he remained from May to August 1, 
1 888, and then settled at Weir City. Mr. Dod- 
son worked in the coal mines at Weir City, that 

being the leading industry, until 1890, when he 
accepted a position in the general store of the 
Kansas & Texas Coal Company, at Weir City, 
beginning as a grocery clerk and through effi- 
ciency rising to the position of grocery mana- 
ger. He continued there until 1900, when he 
bought a half interest in the general store of 
the J. R. Crowe Coal & Mining Company at 

After this purchase, the stock was moved 
from Columbus to Stippville, Cherokee County, 
and the firm style became J. N. Dodson & 
Company, which was continued for two years. 
Then Mr. Dodson sold his interest in the busi- 
ness at Stippville to the J. R. Crowe Coal Com- 
pany, and entered into a mercantile venture at 
Weir City. In 1902 he purchased the store of 
B. S. Abbott. This store is one of the leading 
business establishments in the city, its manage- 
ment and operation reflecting great credit upon 
Mr. Dodson. 

In 1880 Mr. Dodson was married, at Mont- 
rose, Missouri, to Mary Mahon, who was born 
in 1857 at Peoria, Illinois. They have a fam- 
ily of eight children, viz : John W., born at 
Lewis Station, Henry County, Missouri, who 
married Eva Pollock, of Scammon, Kansas, and 
has one child, — John James, born at Weir City, 
Kansas ; Winnie and Mary, born at Lewis Sta- 
tion ; Raymond, born in Butler County, Kan- 
sas; and Ella, William, Joseph and Irene, born 
at Weir City. The family attend the Catholic 

Mr. Dodson has been closely identified with 
the business interests and political affairs of 
Weir City for a number of years, and has fre- 
quently been honored by the Republican party, 
of which he is a stanch member, by election to 
responsible offices. He has been a very useful 
member of the School Board and the City 
Council, and at present is the city's capable 
treasurer. His fraternal associations are with 



the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. Mr. Dodson 
is a man who commands universal respect, and 
is a worthy representative of the city. 

ON. W. R. COWLEY, general attor- 
ney of The Long-Bell Lumber Com- 
pany, which has its headquarters in 
Kansas City, Missouri, has been 
identified with this corporation since its incep- 
tion at Columbus, Kansas, in 1875. Mr. Cow- 
ley was born in Lincolnshire, England, in 1843, 
and was eight years old when he came to Amer- 
ica, accompanying his parents, who located at 
Hudson, Ohio, where both subsequently died. 

Mr. Cowley attended the schools of Hud- 
son and Akron, Ohio, until the age of 16 years, 
when he entered the Christian College at Oska- 
loosa, Iowa, where he completed the literary 
course in 1868. His entrance into business was 
as a surveyor at Montezuma, Iowa, where he 
spent one year as surveyor of Poweshiek 
County, and then engaged, for two years, with 
the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad 
Company, platting and appraising lands for 
them in Western Iowa. He afterwards com- 
menced the study of law at Montezuma, and 
was admitted to the bar. Thereupon he located 
at once in Columbus, Kansas, where he entered 
into practice. 

Prior to this, Mr. Cowley had made a fine 
war record for himself, first, as a member of 
the 84th Reg., Ohio Vol. Inf., under Col. Wil- 
liam Lawrence, who afterwards became Comp- 
troller of the United States Treasury. With 
this regiment he served four months on guard 
duty, along the Potomac River. He then re- 
turned to Iowa and enlisted in the 15th Reg., 
Iowa Vol. Inf., under Col. W. W. Belknap, 
and served for two years, being honorably dis- 
charged without having suffered either wounds 
or imprisonment. 

After locating in Columbus, Mr. Cowley 
went into partnership with the late Boyd 
Hutchinson, and later the firm of Cowley & 
Hampdon was formed ; still later, he was asso- 
ciated with M. V. B. Bennett. From January, 
1879, to January, 1883, he served as county 
attorney for Cherokee County, but since 1883 
he has given practically his whole time and at- 
tention to the affairs of The Long-Bell Lumber 
Company, traveling in their interests about 
2,500 miles per month. He still retains his 
pleasant home in Columbus, where he and fam- 
ily have many agreeable social connections. 

Mr. Cowley married Florence J. Smith, 
who was born at Oskaloosa, Iowa, and was one 
of his classmates at the Christian College. They 
have three sons and one daughter, viz : Fred- 
erick, Minnie, Lawrence L., and Clare J. 
Frederick, who was born in Iowa, is a fanner 
and stock-raiser of Cherokee County ; he served 
three years as a member of the State Sanitary 
Live Stock Commission, being the youngest 
member ever elected. Minnie is the wife of C. 
S. Huffman, of Columbus; Lawrence L.. who 
is a graduate of the Lawrence High School, 
the State University and the State Law School, 
is now an attorney at Perry, Oklahoma, and 
holds the position of territorial attorney for 
The Long-Bell Lumber Company, and general 
attorney for the Minnetonka Lumber Company. 
Clare J. graduated from the State University 
in June, 1904, just before coming of age, and 
will enter the lumber business, both he and his 
brother, Lawrence, being stockholders in the 
Minnetonka Lumber Company. All three of 
these young men possess the qualities and edu- 
cation which insure their future prominence. 

Politically, Mr. Cowley is a Republican. 
Fraternally, he is connected with a number of 
the local orders, and formerly was active in G. 
A. R. affairs. He is a member of the Christian 
Church. On account of his being a represen- 
tative man of the section, and an orator of more 



than usual eloquence, he has frequently been 
chosen as the speaker for public occasions, and 
has made addresses at the Old Settlers' Reun- 
ions. His notable efforts were his Garfield and 
Sherman memorial addresses and his address 
at the first Decoration Day celebration at Co- 

TER. In the subject of this sketch 
we have one of the pioneers of the 
county, who came here in the days 
when Cherokee County was a lusty infant, and 
who was present at many of the "first" events 
now related at the meetings of old settlers. Mr. 
Lamaster came to the county in 1870, and im- 
mediately located on the south half of the north- 
east quarter of section 28, township 33. range 
22, in Lola township, a portion of the 440-acre 
tract he now owns. He is a native of the "Blue 
Grass State," born April 8, 1852, in Garrard 

The early childhood of Mr. Lamaster was 
passed in his native county. When he was five 
years old. his parents moved to Knox Comity, 
Missouri, where he lived until he was 17 years 
old. There his father, Alexander W. Lamaster, 
who was a cooper by trade, and also a farmer by 
vocation, died in 1865, and there his mother, 
Mrs. Nancy (Lear) Lamaster, passed away at 
the age of 4S years. Nine children resulted 
from their union, as follows: Mrs. Elizabeth 
Haden. who came with her husband to Chero- 
kee County, and is now deceased ; Mrs. Sallie 
Starks, of Montana; James W., one of the 
prominent citizens and well-to-do farmers of 
Lola township ; Mrs. Zarelda Lewis, of Pony, 
Montana; Mrs. Edna Earl, of Lola township; 
William Alexander; Mrs. Katherine Lightfoot, 
of Deer Lodge, Montana ; Mrs. Nancy Brad- 
shaw, of LaBelle, Missouri; and Joel Garwood, 
of Butte Citv, Montana. 

Mr. Lamaster came to Cherokee County in 
1870, with a brother-in-law and sister, riding 
a horse the whole distance, and driving the cow 
behind the wagon ; his brother-in-law drove the 
team and Mr. Lamaster had to help the wagon 
up nearly all the hills. They were four weeks 
making the trip, and arrived here in October. 
It is unnecessary to go into details concerning 
the hardships encountered during those first 
years. No wonder the old settler looks with 
contemptuous pity on the farmer of this day, 
who complains of the difficulties encountered 
in improving the farm from its wild state. 
Surrounded with all the comforts of civiliza- 
tion, and with modern machinery to aid him 
in his work, there is a world of difference be- 
tween his condition and that of the farmer in 
the days when the county was first settled. 

Mr. Lemaster joined his brother, James W., 
who had arrived here in the preceding May. 
and "bached" with him for some time. He 
located a claim in the "Joy lands." taking 160 
acres in section 28, Lola township, where he 
has ever since lived. Later, he acquired the 
northeast quarter of section 22 and 120 acres 
in section 26, township 33. range 22. After 
living with his brother for one year. Mr. La- 
master built, on his 160-acre tract in section 
28, a box house, one story high and 14 by 24 
feet in size, divided into two rooms. This was 
the home to which he took his bride in 1875. 
and this continued to be his residence until 
about 1884, when he erected his present fine, 
frame house. 

Mr. Lamaster and his brother entered vig- 
orously upon the work of preparing their land 
for cultivation, and broke all their own land, 
besides a good deal for their neighbors, at the 
same time exchanging work to a considerable 
extent with their fellow settlers. In the first 
winter he was here. Mr. Lamaster killed the 
first white prairie chicken he ever saw ; he never 
saw any after that winter. There were a few 


3 «3 

turkeys to be seen. The district abounded in 
deer, and at one time Mr. Lamaster saw 38 
antelope in one drove. Chetopa, 12 miles 
away, was his trading point. 

The subject of this sketch, immediately 
upon locating in Lola township, identified him- 
self with the interests of the section. He joined 
the Land League of the settlers, and was active 
in making it an effective organization. When 
the A. H. T. A. sprang into existence, he gave 
it hearty support. Of the township society of 
this association he has been president for the 
last 15 years. So faithful has he been, that last 
spring he was voted a gold badge for his long 
service. This association has been of great 
service to the citizens of the county in recover- 
ing stolen horses, and has sent many horse 
thieves to prison. In the days of the Farmers' 
Alliance, Mr. Lamaster was one of its enthu- 
siastic members. The promoters of schools 
and churches have always found him a ready 
helper. He helped to build the first log school 
house in Lola township, at Faulkner, and has 
served on the School Board in Lola township 
for 17 years, being now its treasurer. He for- 
merly supported the Democratic party, but of 
late years has voted the Populist ticket. For 
two years, he served as township treasurer. A 
member of the Christian Church, holding the 
office of deacon, that organization has found 
him a tower of strength not only in the early 
days, but also at the present time. He was one 
of the building committee, in company with 
William McKee and Rev. William King, on 
which fell the burden of building the present 
fine edifice of the Christian Church in Hallo- 

On December jo, 1874, Mr. Lamaster was 
married to Susan Dunbar, who was born in 
Illinois, and is a daughter of Warder D. and 
Louisa (Narden) Dunbar. To them were born 
a son and a daughter, namely : Ernest, who 
lives at home ; and Tennie May, who is the wife 

of Philip Oglesby, of Lola township, and the 
mother of two daughters, — Letha and an in- 

N. DUNBAR, an attorney-at-law of 
Columbus, and the owner of a finely- 
improved farm of 80 acres in Chero- 
kee County, adjoining the city, was 
Lorn in 1866, near Prairie City, McDonough 
County, Illinois, and is a son of Warder D. 
and Louisa (Narden) Dunbar. 

Warder D. Dunbar was born in Kentucky, 
but went to Illinois in young manhood. His 
death occurred about 26 years ago, in Cherokee 
County, Kansas, whither he had removed in 
1869; his widow died about 18 years ago. He 
was twice married and the children of his first 
marriage, all now deceased, were : Elihu and 
William, who lived for a time in Cherokee 
County, and Cynthia and Geneva, both of 
whom left families. The subject of this sketch 
is one of six children born to the second mar- 
riage, all of whom came to Cherokee County, 
and one, Lucy, died at the age of 16 years, 
the others, exclusive of J. N., are: Waller 
C, who is a farmer in the Indian Territory; 
Susan, a twin of Waller C, who is the wife of 
William A. Lamaster, of Cherokee County; 
Joanna L., who is the widow of Edward Braer- 
ton, of Parsons, Kansas; and David, who is a 
farmer on the home farm in Lola township. 

J. N. Dunbar was an infant when he was 
brought into Cherokee County, and has never 
found any other section more attractive. He 
attended the public schools and the graded 
schools at Columbus, and also took a business 
course at Sedalia, Missouri. He then taught 
for a season, preparatory to settling down to 
the study of the law. He remained in the office 
of Frederick Basom, at Columbus, for five 
months, and then went to Galena and entered 
the office of W. F. Sapp. In April, 1892, he 



was admitted to the bar. He began the prac- 
tice of his profession at Columbus, being asso- 
ciated with C. A. McNeill for about two years, 
and was then put forward as the Populist candi- 
date for county attorney. His opponent was 
Mr. McNeill, and their partnership was dis- 
v >hed when they were nominated. Mr. Mc- 
Neill was elected to the office. From 1896 to 
1898 Mr. Dunbar was in partnership with W. 
J. Moore. After practicing alone with much 
success for two years, he again became a candi- 
date for county attorney. He was elected in 
1900 on the Fusion ticket, and after serving 
through 1901 and 1902. refused a nomination 
for further, honors. He has well located offices 
in the Opera House Block. His reputation is 
that of an able advocate and wise counsellor. 

On April 23, 1893. Mr. Dunbar was mar- 
ried, in the Indian Territory, to Dradie Mc- 
Phail, originally from Tennessee, and they have 
three children, — Noel, Clara E. and J. Owen. 

Politically, Mr. Dunbar is in sympathy with 
the Populist party, and is one of its influential 
leaders. Fraternally, he is a member of the 
Knights of Pythias of Columbus, and the A. 
H. T. A. In religious views he is liberal, but 
was reared in the Adventist Church. His wife 
is a Methodist. 

WILBUR LOGAN, of the Logan Ab- 
stract & Loan Company, a leading 
loan, real estate, abstract and insur- 
ance institution of Columbus, was 
born in Washington County, Illinois, in 1863, 
and is a son of the late A. A. and Lucinda 
(Brakebill) Logan. 

The parents of Mr. Logan removed in 1866 
to Labette County, Kansas, where the father 
bought a farm in the vicinity of Oswego, and 
there both parents died in 1873, aged 45 and 
41 years, respectively. They had six children, 
of whom but the subject of this sketch and two 

sisters, who reside at Wichita, Kansas, are the 
only survivors. 

Mr. Logan attended the public schools, and 
spent three years in the Fort Scott Normal 
School, having borrowed funds in order to com- 
plete his education. When about 19 years of 
age he served an apprenticeship in a grocery 
store at Fort Scott, and later engaged in the 
grocery business at Wichita, where he located 
in 1887. In 1890 he came to Columbus and en- 
gaged in the abstract, loan and real estate busi- 
ness, in which he has met with the greatest suc- 
cess, his profits enabling him first to clear off a 
previous indebtedness of $1,000, and then to 
invest in land which has proven rich in gas and 
oil. In 1903 the Logan Abstract & Loan Com- 
pany was formed, the partners being J. Wilbur 
Logan and Commodore F. Cool. In 1900 Mr. 
Logan built the structure in which this business 
is now located, — a commodious building front- 
ing on Maple avenue. It is partly occupied by 
a grocer)' store and the remainder is given up 
to offices, all of which have been fitted up in 
modern style. Mr. Logan has prospered 
greatly since establishing himself at Columbus, 
and must be reckoned with the substantial men 
of Cherokee County. 

Mr. Logan owns 160 acres near Chanute, 
in the celebrated oil and gas region, and is presi- 
dent of the Inter-State Mineral. Oil & Gas 
Company, of Columbus and Chanute, Kansas. 
The stock of this company is owned mainly by 
Columbus men. The company was organized 
February 14, 1904, and was incorporated under 
the laws of Arizona, with a capital of $500,000. 
divided into 500,000 shares, at a par value of 
$1 each. 

The officers of the Inter-State Mineral, Oil 
& Gas Company are: J. Wilbur Logan, presi- 
dent ; George W. Rains, a mine operator at 
Galena, vice-president ; J. M. McNay, of Co- 
lumbus, secretary and general manager; W. M. 
Barbee, of Chanute. Kansas, treasurer; A. A. 




Goddard, ex-attorney general of Kansas and a 
prominent banker of Topeka, attorney; and J. 
W. Clayton, of Wichita, director. The land 
which this company controls, under lease from 
Mr. Logan, the owner, is situated in the heart 
of what is known as the "west field," near Cha- 
nute. Every indication points to the immediate 
success of this enterprise, the field being rich 
and the capital and brains of its promoters 
being plentiful. 

Mr. Logan married May Nichols, who was 
born in Illinois and accompanied her parents 
to Labette County, Kansas, in the early "sev- 
enties." They have five children, namely: 
John, born in Wichita, a graduate of the city 
schools ; Combs ; Carmin ; Carl ; and a baby 
girl. All were born at Columbus. The family 
belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Politically, Mr. Logan is a Republican. He 
has served six years as a member of the Board 
of Education and has taken a public spirited 
interest in civic affairs. Fraternally, he belongs 
to the Masons. Knights of Pythias, Modern 
Woodmen of America, Anti-Horse Thief Asso- 
ciation and the Sons and Daughters of Justice. 

OHN T. FUDGE, senior member of 
the milling firm of Fudge & Thomas, 
of Columbus, Kansas, whose portrait 
is shown on the opposite page, may 
justly claim to be one of the pioneer settlers of 
this region, having first located here in 1870. 
Mr. Fudge was born March 30, 1837, near 
Abingdon, Virginia, and is a son of Jacob and 
Jane (See) Fudge. 

Jacob Fudge and his wife were born in 
Washington County, Virginia. The father 
lived there until he reached the age of 40 years, 
when he moved to Iowa. He was engaged in 
farming throughout his active life, and died 
in Nebraska, aged 87 years. His wife died in 

Iowa, aged -,■/ years. Of their five children, 
John T. is the eldest, the others being James, 
of Iowa; Elizabeth, deceased; Mrs. Eliza 
Stinson, of Montana; and Mrs. Ella Markey, 
of Iowa. 

John T. Fudge was 10 years old when his 
parents moved to Jasper County, Iowa, and he 
first gazed on the beautiful rolling prairies of 
the West. He continued to assist on the home 
farm until he was 20 years of age, and then 
decided to learn the milling business. He re- 
mained four years with Miller Dix, and then 
determined to locate in Kansas. He conveyed 
his family and household possessions with a 
single team, a journey which probably none of 
the family will ever forget. He secured work 
with Macon, Krell & Crowell, at Columbus, 
where there were half a dozen houses, and con- 
tinued as miller in that mill, under several 
managements, until 1875. He then purchased 
a sawmill three miles above Oswego. This he 
operated for two years, when he sold it and 
went to Carthage, Missouri, where he was en- 
gaged in milling for a year. After about four 
years, during which he worked for different 
parties, he went to Smithfield, Missouri, where 
conducted a mill two years for a Mr. Smith, 
and then removed to Columbus. After being 
in the employ of W. B. Eddy for a short time, 
he purchased a mill and operated it alone until 
he admitted his son-in-law, W. H. Thomas, 
into partnership; the firm name now is Fudge 
& Thomas. This firm now owns the largest 
and best equipped mill in the county, and the 
largest elevator. Its members have a fine out- 
look, and have been in the business so long that 
they have the full confidence of the public in 
the excellent quality of their output. 

In 1857 Mr. Fudge was married, in Town, 
to Mary K. Henderson, who was born June 
30, 1842, and is a daughter of William and 
Martha (Patterson) Henderson, who were 
born in Ohio. The only daughter of this mar- 

3 i8 


riage, Martha Jane, married W. H. Thomas, 
and they have three children, — Esther, Eugene 
and Robert. Mr. Fudge is a Presbyterian, and 
one of the trustees of the church at Columbus. 
Politically, he is an active member of the Dem- 
ocratic party, and still holds his position on the 
Democratic County Central Committee, as he 
has done for the past 10 years. 

Mr. Fudge is a self-made man, and his suc- 
cess is but another example of the value of 
industry, sobriety and sterling honesty. His 
ample fortune has been made legitimately, but 
not easily, and it is very probable that the bit 
of advice he would give a seeker after his secret 
would be, "find out what you are best fitted for, 
and then keep right at it." 

register of deeds for Cherokee 
County, and one of the valued resi- 
dents of Columbus, was born June 
13, 1850, in Cattaraugus County, New York, 
and is a son of Philonas and Orilla (Markham) 

Philonas Pattyson died at Columbus, Kan- 
sas, March 21, 1904, aged 81 years, two 
months and 15 days. His wife passed away in 
1887, aged 62 years. Both were natives of 
Allegany County, New York. During his 
earlier years Philonas Pattyson had been a 
teacher, and through his entire life he was more 
or less interested in educational matters, serv- 
ing in the office of the superintendent of pub- 
lic instruction in New York, and during 1869 
and 1870 he was a member of the hoard of 
examiners for teachers in Cherokee County. 
For some years be was successfully engaged in 
the oil business in Pennsylvania. In October, 
1867. he came to Kansas to establish a perma- 
nent home. He bought a "treaty-right" farm 
in Pleasant View township, and resided upon it 

until within a year of his death. His family 
consisted of three sons : Elmore Robert ; El- 
bridge W., who died in 1859, aged 15 months; 
and Maynard I., born April 26, 1846, who died 
November 15, 1864. 

The subject of this sketch was 17 years old 
when he accompanied his parents to Cherokee 
County, Kansas, and followed farming and 
school teaching after completing his education. 
He has since been a continuous resident of the 
county, and during the past 20 years has been 
in the abstract business, and much of the time 
connected with the office of register of deeds. 
For four years he was a resident of Scammon. 
employed as bookkeeper, and interested in the 
coal mines there. In November, 1902, he was 
elected register of deeds by the Republican 
party, of which he has been a very active member 
for years. His long connection with this office 
as deputy made him so intimately acquainted 
with the demands of the situation that scarcely 
any one could be found better qualified. 

On June 20, 1868, Mr. Pattyson married 
Addie M. Scott, of Pleasant View township. 
Cherokee County, Kansas, formerly of New 
York. They have four children, namely : May. 
Maynard A., Arthur E., and Roscoe H. May. 
born May 27, 1869, is the wife of George H. 
Hurst ; she has two children, — Robert and 
Addie, — and resides at Scammon, where Mr. 
Hurst is interested in the mines. Maynard A., 
born November 15, 1871, resides at Scammon, 
where he is interested in mining and is also 
proprietor of the "Racket" store; he married 
Agnes Gore and has a daughter, Irene, aged 
three years. Arthur E., deputy register of 
deeds in his father's office, was born September 
2 3- 1 &79- and resides at home. Roscoe H.. 
born June 27, 1886, is a student in the Colum- 
bus schools. 

Mr. Pattyson's fraternal associations in- 
clude Masonry in its higher branches, — the 
Blue Lodge and Royal Arch Chapters at 



Columbus ; Galena Commandery, No. 46, 
Knights Templar, and 33d degree Scottish 
Rite, Fort Scott Consistory, Wichita Council, 
and Shrine at Leavenworth. He is also a mem- 
ber of the Odd Fellows Lodge and Encamp- 
ment at Columbus; the Knights of Pythias, of 
Columbus; and the Sons and Daughters of 
Justice, also of Columbus. Mr. Pattyson is 
now president of the Old Settlers' Association 
of Cherokee County, after serving some 
years as its secretary. In religious life he is 
a Baptist. 

RCENITH F. WALKER, one of the 
prominent retired farmers of Neosho 
township, Cherokee County, who 
owns a well improved farm of 80 
acres in section 12, township 34, range 22, was 
born in Madison County, Illinois, January n, 
1845, an d > s a son of Elijah and Charity 
(Dove) Walker. 

The father of our subject was a farmer in 
Illinois for, a number of years. During the 
gold excitement in California, in 1850, he made 
the overland trip to the mining regions, but 
never returned, his death taking place there 
when our subject was six years old. The 
mother of Arcenith F. Walker was born in 
Virginia, went then to Tennessee and from there 
to Illinois, and her death took place at Colum- 
bus, Kansas, when in her 74th year. The 
children of Elijah and Charity (Dove) Walker 
were: Mrs. Mary Morrisey, of Illinois; Cleo- 
patra, of California; John, of Wichita, Kan- 
sas; Arcenith F., of this sketch; Mrs. Lucetta 
Burke, of Columbus; and Mrs. Zanetta Ells- 
worth, of Columbus. 

Mr, Walker remained on the home farm in 
Illinois until he was 16 years of age and then 
enlisted for service in the Civil War, one of the 
youngest soldiers to offer his loyal services to 
his country at that unhappy time. He entered 

Company K, 10th Reg., Illinois Vol. Inf., 
under Col. James D. Morgan, served three 
years and received an honorable discharge on 
August 24, 1864. He participated in many 
severe battles and served in the Atlanta cam- 
paign and in the Army of the Cumberland un- 
der General Thomas. 

After his return from the army, Mr. 
Walker resumed farming in Madison County, 
Illinois, and after a short residence in Mis- 
souri and Michigan, came in 1867 to Chero- 
kee County, Kansas, driving the whole dis- 
tance. Here he secured 160 acres of wild land 
on which he erected a box house 12 by 14 feet 
in dimensions and lived there until he had 
broken 50 acres, when he sold the property to 
advantage and removed to his present farm in 
Neosho township. As there was no house here, 
the family camped out until one was built. Mr. 
Walker worked, very hard on this place, which 
shows the results in its good improvements, 
fine cultivation and general air of comfort and 
thrift. With his own hands he set out the 
beautiful walnut grove and made all the other 
improvements which converted it into a com- 
fortable home. This property he now rents, 
having retired from active farming operations. 

On November 15, 1864, Mr. Walker was 
married to Lucinda A. LeGrand, who was born 
in St. Clair County, Illinois, June 19, 1847. 
and they had nine children : John, of Lyon 
township; Mrs. Jennie Newton, deceased; Ed- 
ward, of Lola township ; William, of Lyon 
township; Stephen L., an attorney at Colum- 
bus, who is represented in this volume; Daniel 
A., a dentist at McCune, Crawford County; 
Frederick A., an attorney at Weir City; Rich- 
ard, a student in the County High School; and 
Myrtle, who died at the age of one and a half 

Politically Mr. Walker is a Republican. He 
is a valued member of the Grand Army of the 
Republic. He is one of the men of whom their 



fellow citizens speak with respect and esteem. 
While his life in this section has been one of 
much toil, he has accumulated a competency 
which permits him, while little past middle life, 
to enjoy its fruits. 

prominent figure in the lumber circles 
of the West, is an esteemed resident 
of Kansas City, Missouri, to which 
city he removed from Columbus. Cherokee 
County, Kansas, when the general offices of 
The Long-Bell Lumber Company, of which he 
is president, were moved from Columbus to 
Kansas City. He was born in Shelby County. 
Kentucky, in 1850. That was the beginning 
of a life which has grown into strength, uni- 
formly but surely, until the man is a marvel 
tu those who have watched him through the 
successive stages of his progress. Endowed by 
nature with a noble heart and a keen insight 
into the relation of his environment, he has 
passed in the achievement of his purposes from 
point to point so quietly and so unobservedly as 
to excite but little notice outside of the business 
circles in which he has moved. 

Thirty years ago Mr. Long came to Kansas, 
a young man possessing no capital but his 
indomitable courage, his unvarying uprightness 
of purpose and his disposition always kindly to 
consider the rights and interests of others. He 
began as a retail lumber merchant, in a very 
humble and always unpretentious way, in the 
town of Columbus, then a mere village. 
Through industry and fair dealing he rose 
gradually in the business and early brought 
about the necessity for its enlargement. It was 
in these years that he laid the foundation for 
one of the greatest enterprises that the business 
community of the whole country now knows. 
The Long-Bell Lumber Company, of which 

Mr. Long is the president, had its beginning 29 
years ago in the town of Columbus, where 
the headquarters were located until about 13 
years ago, when the general offices were moved 
to Kansas City, Missouri, on account of the 
greatly enlarged business. The company now 
owns property valued as follows : Timber 
lands. $2,353,529.82; coal lands, $236,232.47; 
milling plants, $786,777.65 ; coal mining plants, 
$101,821.22; retail yard plants, $147,827.34; 
railway equipments, $490,498.00; lumber, 
$964,010.95; general merchandise stores, 
$102,943.24; houses and improvements, $204,- 
443.21 ; accounts receivable, $937,010.41 ; cash 
and sundry investments. $521,148.46, all ag- 
gregating $6,845,242.77. The average daily 
sales of the company amount to $23,000.75 ; 
and the total sales for the year 1903 were 
$7,199,237.25. Besides being president of The 
Long-Bell Lumber Company, Mr. Long is 
president of The Rapides Lumber Company, of 
Woodworth, Louisiana ; The King-Ryder 
Lumber Company, of Bonami, Louisiana; The 
Hudson River Company, of DeRidder, Louis- 
iana ; The Globe Lumber Company, of Yellow 
Pine, Louisiana ; The Minnetonka Lumber 
Company ; The Fidelity Land & Improvement 
Company, and the Fidelity Fuel Company, as 
also of the Long-Bell railway system. He is as 
well a large stockholder in The Weed Lumber 
Company, of Weed, California, and also owns 
large interests in coal lands in Cherokee 
County, Kansas. 

Mr. Long, although a man whose business 
takes almost his entire attention, ever finds time 
to consider the appeals of the poor and the 
needy ; he is identified in many efforts to better 
the moral and religious, as well as the physical, 
conditions of those about him. He has given 
largely to the Christian Church, of which he is 
an active member. Mr. Long's family consists 
of himself, his wife and two grown daughters. 
They live on Independence avenue, Kansas 



City, Missouri, where they have one of the 
most comfortable homes in the city. 

The sketch of Mr. Long's character and 
achievements is given here for the reason that 
he was so long and so earnestly identified with 
the city of Columbus and Cherokee County. 
It is felt by the editor that a history of the 
county, if Mr. Long were not given prominent 
mention, would be, to the extent of the omis- 
sion, neglectful of much that entered into the 
material and moral upbuilding of the com- 
munity ; and the fitness of the sketch is further 
considered from the fact that Mr. Long is yet 
largely interested in the county and always 
feels concerned for the welfare of the people. 

S. BOWMAN. The subject of this 
sketch was born in McDonough 
County, Illinois, August 6, 1864. 
Both his parents died before he 
was four years old. When he grew to proper 
age, he attended the country school two or three 
months in the winter season of each year, and 
worked on a farm the rest of the time. At the 
age of 16, the boy started out into the world, 
wholly dependent upon his own exertions for a 
living. He had no money and only about a 
sixth-grade education, but he went to work on 
a farm, saved up his meager earnings and went 
to school at Champaign, Illinois. After being 
there a year, he found it necessary to go back 
to the farm to earn money enough to enable 
him to attend the school through another yearly 
term. He did so, and at the end of the term he 
secured a teacher's certificate. After that he 
taught school and attended school, alternately. 
Mr. Bowman came to Kansas in 1884, and 
the following year to Cherokee County, where 
he has been connected with educational work- 
ever since, with one or two brief intervals. He 
taught a number of terms in the country dis- 

tricts, the first being in District No. 84. Fn mi 
the country schools he went to the city schools 
of Galena, then to Lowell, and afterward to 
Baxter Springs. He also taught in the schools 
at Weir City; and when the Cherokee County 
High School was established, in 1900, the board 
of trustees elected him to take charge of it. 
The building was not yet completed. He organ- 
ized the school in one of the buildings of the 
city schools of Columbus, which was used for 
about three months, when the school was moved 
into the County High School Building. He has 
continued as the principal of the County High 
School ever since it was first opened, and at 
the last meeting of the board he was elected 
for the coming year. 

Considering the hardships through which 
he passed in childhood and the struggles he 
had during his early manhood, and that he se- 
cured his education wholly through his own 
efforts, Mr. Bowman may be considered a 
self-made man. He overcame many obstacles 
which would have discouraged nearly any one 
of a less determined nature. 

In 1886 Mr. Bowman was married to Dora 
E. Adams, daughter of A. H. Adams, of Cher- 
okee County. 

operator and merchant at Weir City, 
and one of the ex-mayors of the city, 
was torn in 1S55 in Indiana, and is 
a son of Benjamin and Catherine ( Suit ) 

The parents of Mr. Abbott were born in 
what is now West Virginia, the father in 1S03, 
and the mother in 1813, and both died in In- 
diana, the former in 1865, and the latter in 
1876. The subject of this sketch is the young- 
est of their four children, the only other sur- 
vivor being Virginia, who was born in Indiana, 
where she married Dr. T. W. Curry, and has 



one child, Idelle. Benjamin Abbott was a son 
of Benjamin Abbott, who was born in Scot- 
land, and was a son of Thomas Abbott. Both 
the grandfather and the great-grandfather of 
our subject were Presbyterian preachers and 
spent their lives in what is now West Virginia. 

Benjamin Suit Abbott grew to manhood 
on a farm in Indiana, where he remained until 
1877, when the home was broken up by the 
death of his mother, and he went to Arkansas. 
There he worked on a railroad until 1879, when 
he came to Columbus, Kansas. Here he was 
engaged in clerking for four years in a hard- 
ware store, and then went into a venture of his 
own. at McCune, Crawford County, under the 
firm name of Crewsen & Abbott. This con- 
tinued until 1886, when he settled at Weir City 
and embarked in the general mercantile busi- 
ness, giving his establishment the name of the 
"Blue Front." Here Mr. Abbott, through his 
energy and enterprise, prospered greatly for 
some years, in the meantime building a number 
of business houses and taking an active part 
in promoting the prosperity and good name of 
the city. In 1888 he formed the firm of Abbott 
& Crowe, hardware merchants. He later sold 
his interest in this business and in 1893 estab- 
lished a hardware store at Scammon, which he 
conducted until 1896, when he sold out there. 
He continued his general merchandise store in 
Weir City until 1903, when he disposed of his 
interest in that. He is one of the city's large 
and successful coal operators, a wholesale dealer 
and owns a number of coal shafts and a large 
amount of land through Cherokee township and 
the county, having fully 50 men in his employ. 

In 1883 Mr. Abbott was married to Mary 
C. Crowe, who is a daughter of David Crowe, 
and they have two children : Nellie, born at 
McCune, Kansas; and Vida, born at Weir City. 

Mr. Abbott is a prominent politician of this 
section and has been honored by his party on 
numerous occasions. He has served in the City 

Council, and has twice been mayor of Weir 
City. He is a member of the Knights of Py- 
thias and the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, and has held official positions in both 
bodies. He holds a place among the represen- 
tative men of Weir City and Cherokee County. 

which we are here permitted to pre- 
sent will probably be recognized by 
more people in Cherokee County than 
most others mentioned in this volume, owing to 
the fact that Mr. Canfield has been a resident 
of the county continuously since the year 1 866. 
In that year he located on 160 acres in section 
8, township 33, range 22, in Lola township, 
which now comprises a part of the splendid 
farm which he has developed from the wild 
prairie. Mr. Canfield is a New Yorker, having 
been born at Willetstown (now Willet), Cort- 
land County, December 8, 1842. 

Mr. Canfield' s parents removed to French 
Creek, Chautauqua County, New York, when 
he was two years of age, and there he passed 
the time until he attained his majority. At the 
age of 23 years he left home, and after spend- 
ing the winter of 1865 in Winnebago County, 
Illinois, came to Cherokee County, Kansas. 
He arrived in the county before the ratification 
of the treaty with the Indians and, of course, 
before there was any county organization. It 
is not easy at this date to realize the wild state 
of the County at that time, with Kansas City 
the nearest railroad point, and Fort Scott the 
nearest trading center. Wild game was abund- 
ant, Indians were all about, and the country 
was full of vicious white men, who had been 
members of guerrilla bands during the war. 

Mr. Canfield had come to stay, however, 
and although without means he started to build 
himself a home. He purchased a log cabin 



built by the Osage Indians, and moved it onto 
his claim, and that was his home until he built 
a better one. A team, a few household goods, 
$5 in money and a good wife at this time con- 
stituted his possessions. With the aid of his 
team, he got a start by hauling goods from 
Kansas City to Fort Scott during the summer, 
receiving $10 for each load. He also brought 
cattle from Missouri, being paid for his time 
at the rate of $1 per day. In the meanwhile, at 
odd times he broke several acres of his land, 
an area not much larger than a good-sized 
garden spot, but enough to raise a few necessa- 
ries, and these, together with wild game, and 
the few groceries he secured by hauling, carried 
the family through the first winter. Fortune 
began to shine on him, however, and it was not 
many years until he was looked upon as one of 
the solid men of the county. In time he added 
another 80 acres to his farm, and he now has 
240 acres in sections 7 and 8 under cultivation 
and well fenced. There is a fine orchard of 
10 acres, and there are many fine shade trees 
on the farm, all of his planting. An addition 
was made to the old Indian cabin, which was 
finally replaced by a large farm house. Mr. 
Canfield is well equipped for general farming, 
having one of the largest barns in the county, 
and every necessary piece of machinery. 

George W. Canfield is a son of Lewis D. and 
Harriet (Hiding) Canfield. The father was a 
native of Otsego County, New York, and was 
born in 1812. He was a farmer and miller, and 
spent his life in his native State, engaged in 
these occupations. He was successful in busi- 
ness, and was prominent and influential in the 
affairs of his day. He was a Whig in politics, 
and an Abolitionist, on the slavery question. 
His religious views were those of the Free Will 
Baptist Church. He spent a long and useful 
life, dying at the age of 72 years. The Can- 
fields are of English descent. George W. Can- 
field's grandfather, Abraham Canfield, removed 

from New England, and settled on a farm 
of 640 acres in Willet, where he reared a fam- 
ily of three sons and as many daughters. He 
was a Universalist in religion, and a Whig in 

Lewis D. Canfield's wife was born in New 
York in 181 6, and was a daughter of Rev. 
Daniel Hiding, who was for 35 years a minister 
of the Free Will Baptist Church in Western 
New York. The latter part of his ministry 
was in Chautauqua County. His wife, Eliza- 
beth, survived him a long time, dying at the 
remarkable age of 102 years. 

To Lewis D. Canfield and wife four chil- 
dren were born, namely : Mrs. Lydia Peet, 
who died when 36 years of age ; Julia, who died 
at the age of 20 years ; George W. ; and Harris 
A., who become a physician, and is residing in 
Bradford, Pennsylvania. There was one child 
by a second marriage of the father, namely : 
William, a lecturer by occupation, who lives 
in Oil City, Pennsylvania. 

The wife of George W. Canfield's youth, 
whom lie married in Illinois, was Theressa 
Hiding. She died in Cherokee County, at the 
age of 30 years, leaving two children, — Lewis 
D. and Harris. Lewis D., born August 31, 
1866, is a farmer of Lola township and has 
two children, — Theressa and Margaret. Harris 
resides with his father. Their mother was a 
daughter of Rev. Louis and Olive Hiding, the 
former an early pioneer. It is said that Rev. 
Mr. Hiding preached one of the first sermons 
in the county, at River Bottom, in the spring ot 
1866. Mr. Canfield's present wife was Amanda 
A. Bowman. She is a native of Indiana, born 
in 1857, and is a daughter of Henry and Eliza- 
beth Bowman. All of her nine children are 
living at home. They are as follows : Madella, 
Mamie, George, Jay, Clair, Edward, Edna, 
Alba and Marvin. 

As before stated, Mr. Canfield has always 
been prominent in the affairs of Cherokee 

3 -'4 


County. He was active in the organization of 
the county and township, and served in differ- 
ent minor offices. He was for 17 years a jus- 
tice of the peace in Lola township. Formerly 
a Republican, he cast his last vote in that party 
for James G. Blaine. In the breaking up of 
party lines which followed this contest, Mr. 
Canfield espoused the Populist cause, and has 
since been prominently identified with its his- 
tory. He was a delegate to the recent national 
convention at Cincinnati, and to the Topeka 
convention. He is a member of, and helped to 
organize, the A. H. T. A. In educational mat- 
ters he has ever been helpful, aiding in the 
building of the first school house in the county. 
The foregoing sketch will serve to acquaint 
the reader with the salient facts in the career 
of one of Cherokee County's best citizens, a 
gentleman whose life has been wholly honor- 
able, and whom all hold in the highest esteem. 

OHN EISENHART, deceased, an old 
settler of Mineral township and well 
known contractor of Scammon, was 
born in 1835 in Pennsylvania, where 
he lived until he grew to manhood. Before 
taking up the trade of a stone-mason, he learned 
that of a tanner, which he followed for three 

He was married in 1859 to Catherine Rus- 
seller, a daughter of Samuel and Mary (Kah- 
ler) Russeller, of Pennsylvania, and thereafter 
went to Ohio, where he was engaged in mining 
in the coal fields for seven years. About this 
time he decided to go West and try his fortunes 
in the new country, and with his family he 
moved to Texas, and there followed his trade 
of stone-mason. Three years later, 1880, found 
him settled in a place called Stillson, near Scam- 
mon, Cherokee County, Kansas, this being some 
time before Scammon was laid out. 

During the period of his residence in Kan- 
sas, Mr. Eisenhart worked at his trade, and in 
his later years finished many ' ~ts, 

employing at one time as many < u. ^ie 

also invested in town property *us invest- 

ments each time turned out succes rr ully. 

Mr. Eisenhart came to Scamnion without 
a dollar, but his perseverance and honesty 
brought him not only esteem, but prosperity, 
and an income which yielded many comforts, 
not the least of which was a nice home. He 
died August 16, 1904, and was buried under 
the auspices of the I. O. O. F. lodge of 
Scammon. A wife and four children are left 
to mourn his loss. Mary, the eldest of the 
children, was born in Pennsylvania, and mar- 
ried Amos Vieweg; she has six children, — 
Kate, Bessie, Anna, Mary, Novella and John 
A. John, the second child, born in Pennsyl- 
vania, married Nettie Young, and has two chil- 
dren, — Vera and John. Ellsworth, born in 
Ohio, married Nellie Horn, and has one child, — 
Beatrice. Charles, born in Ohio, is unmarried. 
Two children died in infancy, viz : William 
Henry and Ulysses Grant. 

Mr. Eisenhart's parents were natives of 
Pennsylvania. The father, Jonas Eisenhart. 
a farmer, died there at the age of y2 years, and 
the mother, Polly (Geist) Eisenhart, died at 
the age of 58 years. They were the parents 
of an unusually large family, which consisted 
of nine boys and nine girls. Fourteen of them 
lived to a marriageable age. Six only are now 
living, namely: William, Daniel, Gabriel, 
Lewis, Emanuel and Mary. 

Mr. Eisenhart was independent, in politics, 
his vote being given to the best man. The 
esteem in which he was held by his friends and 
neighbors is shown by the fact that, for years, 
he was trustee of Mineral township and was 
serving his second term as city treasurer of 
Scammon, at the time of his death. 

Although a volunteer, in 1861, in the Penn- 




sylvania State Militia, he saw no active service. 
He was, however, a stanch Union man, and 
during the war served the cause in many ways. 

Scammon and Cherokee County owe much 
to the solid, industrious class represented by 
Mr. Eisenhart. No drought has been so severe 
as to dry up their enthusiasm for their, section, 
and their faith in it, nor has any season been 
so wet as to dampen their ardor. 

The subject of this sketch has gone to his 
reward, following many of his early associates 
in this region, but others are coming forward to 
take up their unfinished tasks, and emulate the 
worthy example shining forth from Mr. Eisen- 
hart's civic career, and from the lives of his de- 
parted colaborers in promoting the prosperity 
of their community 

M. TRACEWELL, senior, member 
of the well known law firm of Trace- 
well & Moore, at Columbus, whose 
portrait is presented on the opposite 
page, has been a resident of Cherokee County 
since the spring of 1882. He was born at Park- 
ersburg, Virginia, now West Virginia, in 1847, 
and is a son of W. N. and L. V. (Brown) 

W. N. Tracewell was also born at Parkers- 
burg, where for some years he was an attorney. 
In 1853 he removed to Indiana, and was en- 
gaged there in the practice of his profession 
until shortly before his death, which took place 
while on a visit in Washington, D. C, April 
19, 1898. E. M. Tracewell's only brother, 
Robert J. Tracewell, has been Comptroller of 
the United States Treasury, at Washington, 
D. C, since 1897. 

E. M. Tracewell was reared in Indiana, and 
studied law at the State University at Bloom- 
ington during 1866-67-68. He was admitted 
to the bar at Corydon, Indiana, in March, 1869. 
After 12 years of active practice at Leaven- 


worth, Indiana, Mr. Tracewell came to Colum- 
bus, Cherokee County, in 1882, where he has 
continued in his profession ever since. He was 
first associated with the late Colonel Hallowed, 
United States District Attorney, later, with T. 
P. Anderson, now of Kansas City, and since 
February, 1901, he has been a partner of W. J. 
Moore. Mr. Tracewell has quietly and indus- 
triously pursued his profession, taking part in 
much of the county's important litigation, and 
meeting with the success which results from 
honest effort and a profound knowledge of the 
law. He commands the respect of the officers 
of the court, and entertains cordial relations 
with other members of the Cherokee County 

Mr. Tracewell was first married, in Indiana, 
to Laura E. Lane, who died there in 1878, 
leaving three children, namely: W. N., who is 
employed in the Post Office Department at 
Washington, D. C. ; John E., who has been in 
a clerical position at Denver for the past four 
years; and Nellie, who is at home. In 1887 
Mr. Tracewell was married, in Kansas, to 
Alice M. Greene, of Newport, Ohio, and they 
have a family of four daughters and two sons, 
namely: Grace G., Vallie G., Katherine, 
Thane, Edward M. and Lucy. The children 
have been reared in the faith of the Baptist 
Church, of which Mrs. Tracewell is a consis- 
tent member. 

Mr. Tracewell is fraternally associated with 
the Knights of Pythias, Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows, Modern Woodmen of America, 
Knights and Ladies of Security, and Sons and 
Daughters of Justice. 

ILTON R. STEWARD, president of 
the Columbus Vitrified Brick & 
Tile Company, vice-president of 
the Columbus State Bank, and 
identified with many of the successful business 



enterprises of Cherokee County, was born in 
Salem County, New Jersey, in 1853. 

Mr. Steward comes of an agricultural line 
of ancestors, of Irish and Welsh extraction, 
and on the maternal side they were Quakers. 
In 1855 hi s P<i rents moved to Macoupin County, 
Illinois, settled on a farm and passed the re- 
mainder of their lives there, the mother dying 
in 1894, and the father passing away about 
two years later. The three survivors of their 
family of children are: Milton R. ; B. F., of 
Columbus; and W. H., an attorney living at 
Carlinville, Illinois. 

The subject of this sketch remained at home 
until 1868, when he went to Neosho, Missouri, 
where he was engaged in clerking until 1873. 
when he returned to Macoupin County, Illinois, 
and engaged in business for himself. Later, he 
and his brother established a store at Red Oak, 
Iowa, which they removed to Columbus, Kan- 
sas, in 1883. Here for 20 years Mr. Steward 
was interested in a large dry goods, boot, shoe 
and clothing concern, which was conducted 

ler the firm style of Steward Brothers. 

The Columbus Vitrified Brick & Tile Com- 
1 • was incorporated in February, 1903, with 
t e following officers: Milton R. Steward, 
president; William Hoffmire, vice-president; 
Philip C. Metzler, manager; E. D. Whiteside, 
secretary ; and L. J. Slease, treasurer, the board 
of directors being the above named capitalists, 
with the addition of Judge A. H. Skidmore. 
The business of the company is the manufacture 
of paving and building brick. It is the only 
brick plant in the county, and is located just 
north of the city limits of Columbus, where the 
company owns 22 acres. Its shale beds run 
from 10 to 18 feet deep, there being practically 
an unlimited supply. The company is working 
with a capital of $30,000, employs from 18 to 
20 men and produces from 12,000 to 20,000 
bricks a day. It has a ready market for all the 
i can produce. This has proven one of 

the most successful business enterprises in 
which Columbus capital has been invested. In 
addition to his interests in the brick company, 
Mr. Steward is vice-president, and one of the 
directors, of the Columbus State Bank, and is 
interested in coal lands at Mineral. 

Mr. Steward was married in Illinois to Lou- 
ise H. Hillier, a daughter of Edwin Hillier, a 
large stock dealer in that State. They have one 
daughter, Mabelle, who resides at home. The 
family belong to the Methodist Episcopal 

Politically, Mr. Steward is a Republican, 
and fraternally he is a Mason and is connected 
with the Blue Lodge and Royal Arch Chapter 
at Columbus. By a long and honorable busi- 
ness career, and by his many genial social quali- 
ties, Mr. Steward has well earned the esteem of 
his fellow citizens. 

F. RIKER, a well known and repre- 
sentative farmer of Cherokee Coun- 
ty, who owns a farm of 280 acres 
in section 1. Crawford township, 
was born in Menard County, Illinois, 18 miles 
northwest of Springfield, in i860; he is a son 
of Frederick Risckley and Susan (Yardley) 

Frederick Risckley Riker followed the trade 
of harness-maker all his active life, and died 
at White Hall, Greene County, Illinois, in 1874, 
aged about 50 years. His widow, who still 
survives, at the age of 79 years, lives in Menard 
County, Illinois. She has a daughter, Mrs. 
Kate Swan, residing at Fort Madison, Iowa. 

The subject of this sketch was reared in 
Illinois, and attended the common schools. 
Since he reached the age of 16 years, he has 
been entirely dependent upon his own resources. 
He has always provided well for his necessities, 
has made friends in all directions and now, in 



the prime of life, enjoys the satisfaction of 
being considered one of Cherokee County's 
substantial men. For about seven years prior 
to coming to Kansas, Mr. Riker lived in Mis- 
souri, his residence in this county dating from 
1883. He settled first in Pleasant View town- 
ship, but one year later sold his farm there, and 
bought the excellent one he now occupies. His 
farm is devoted to general farming and to 
stock-raising. He has made practically all of 
the improvements upon it, which include a com- 
fortable home, commodious farm buildings and 
all necessary structures, fences and other con- 

In 1886, Mr. Riker was married, in Chero- 
kee County, to Hattie Ridenour, a daughter of 
Layman Ridenour, who came to Cherokee 
County in 1867. Mrs. Riker died in 1894, leav- 
ing three children, — Carl, Pearl and Ray, the 
two last named being now deceased. 

In March, 1897, Mr. Riker married Etta 
Lansdon, who was born in Linn County, Kan- 
sas, in 1865, and is a daughter of Henry and 
Atalanta (Ewing) Lansdon. Mrs. Lansdon 
resides now at Columbus, aged 62 years. Mr. 
Lansdon was born in 1830, near Lexington, 
Kentucky, and about six years later accompa- 
nied the parental family to Schuyler County, 
Illinois, whence he came to Kansas in 1861. 
He engaged in farming in Linn County, and 
thence in 1873, came to Mineral township, 
Cherokee County. There he continued to farm 
until 1 90 1 when he moved to Columbus, where 
he died October 5, 1903. His widow was born 
in Illinois, and was the mother of five children, 
namely : Mary F., who died, aged four 
months; W. C, superintendent of the city 
schools of Fort Scott, Kansas; Etta (Mrs. 
Riker) ; Laura J., wife of Lee N. Wallace, who 
resides at Anadarko, Oklahoma ; and Charles 
H, who died, aged eight years. Mr. Lansdon 
crossed the plains to California in 1850, being 
one of eight brothers who, at various times, 

made the same trip. He served in the State 
militia of Kansas during the early days of the 
Civil War. In politics, he was a Republican. 

Mrs. Riker was educated in Cherokee Coun- 
ty and taught school about six years in Oregon, 
at Le Grande and Union, in the northeastern 
part of the State. Before going to Oregon, 
she taught seven years in Kansas. Mr. and 
Mrs. Riker have three children, — Henry Perry, 
born December 12, 1897; Earl George, born 
February 17, 1899; and John Sampson, born 
September 8, 1903. Politically, Mr. Riker is 
identified with the Republican party. Frater- 
anlly, he is associated with the lodge of Odd 
Fellows at Crestline. He is a man of sterling 
character, who enjoys the esteem of all with 
whom he has business or social relations. 

ACOB HARRY BOSS, M. D., coro- 
ner of Cherokee County, and a very 
highly esteemed physician and sur- 
geon at Weir City, was born in 1871 
in Indiana, and is a son of John and Mary 
(Conrad) Boss. 

John Boss was born in Switzerland in 1837, 
and was 12 years old when he came to America 
with his parents, who settled in Indiana, and 
there Mr. Boss followed an agricultural life 
until a few years ago, when he retired from 
active pursuits. He married Mary Conrad, 
who was born in Indiana, and they had seven 
children, namely: Rosa, Laura Alice, Mary 
Helen, Lizzie, Jacob Harry, William Franklin 
and Carrie. 

Dr. Boss grew up on his father's farm, and 
attended the local schools until he began to 
study the science of medicine. He prepared 
for the College of Physicians and Surgeons, 
at Chicago, an institution which deserves its 
great reputation, and was there graduated in 
1 901. He went through his hospital training, 



and then began practice at North Liberty, In- 
diana. There he remained until February, 
1902, when he removed to Weir City, Kansas. 
Finding a suitable field, he has built up a lucra- 
tive practice, and is rapidly nearing the front 
rank among the skilled practitioners of this 
county. He is now serving as coroner of the 

In 1901, Dr. Boss was united in marriage 
with Edith Clark, an accomplished lady, who 
was born at Carlinville, Illinois. They have a 
very pleasant home at Weir City, and the Doc- 
tor has well appointed and conveniently loca- 
ted offices. Both personally and professionally, 
he is held in high esteem. In politics, he is 
identified with the Republican party, but takes 
no very active interest, devoting his attention 
closely to his profession. He was, however, 
nominated on the Republican ticket for coroner 
in 1902. and was elected by a handsome ma- 

many sons of the "Fatherland" who 

came to the United States during the 
"fifties" in search of freedom and 

fortune, the career of none has been more hon- 
orable than that of the gentleman whose bio- 
graphical record is here presented. It was in 
1857 that Mr. Hohnsbeen disembarked from a 
sailing vessel, the "Sir Robert Peel," in New 
York City, having come from Hamburg, Ger- 
many, where he had taken ship about six weeks 
previously. He was a young man of 22 years, 
having been born April 30, 1835, in Holstein, 

Mr. Hohnsbeen did not remain in the East, 
but came on to the then frontier State of Iowa, 
where he secured work on a farm near Daven- 
port, at a monthly wage of $12. He remained 
thereabouts for a period of three years, and 
then took a trip across the plains to Pike's 

Peak, in which vicinity he worked in the mines 
for about 15 months. He made this journey 
with the intention of going on to California, but 
after his experience in the mines concluded to 
return to farm work in Iowa, where he spent 
the period of the Civil War. In the spring of 
1866 he came to Cherokee County, Kansas, 
where he took a "treaty right" for 160 acres 
of land. This he improved for 10 years, when 
he sold it and purchased his present place of 
120 acres in section 21, township 33, range 22, 
in Lola township. Mr. Hohnsbeen went 
through all the hardships of pioneer life at that 
early time. He lost, by fire, the first house he 
built, and suffered other drawbacks, but by pa- 
tient and industrious efforts made such pro- 
gress that he was possessed of considerable 
property at the end of the first 10 years. On 
his new place he built a commodious farm 
house, and since that time has added many valu- 
able improvements. Some of the prices of 
provisions in the early days in Cherokee Coun- 
ty would seem exceedingly high at this time, 
Mr. Hohnsbeen having on one occasion paid 
$1.50 a bushel for corn, which he had to husk 
himself, and which he afterward had to shell 
by hand. 

The character of Mr. Hohnsbeen during 
the entire period of his residence in Cherokee 
County is that of an honest, upright, industri- 
ous farmer. He has never aspired to leader- 
ship in any line, but has gone about his affairs 
in a quiet, persistent way, which has won the 
respect and esteem of all who know him. He 
early joined the Land League of the settlers. 
He is included in the membership of the First 
Day Adventist Church. Formerly a Republi- 
can, he has voted with the Populist party since 
its organization. In the office of school trustee 
he served about four years, and was for three 
years treasurer of the township. 

Frederick Hohnsbeen, the father of Ernst 
C, spent his life in the "Fatherland," where he 



died in 1848, at die age of 48 years. By occu- 
pation he was a grain boss and overseer. In 
his earlier manhood, he had served about four 
years in the army. He married Fredericka 
Erig, who was born in 1804, and died in 1852. 
Of their nine children, four of the sons are citi- 
zens of the United States. 

It was in 1867 that Mr. Hohnsbeen took 
unto himself a wife in the person of Elizabeth 
Kessler, a native of Prussia, who died in Cher- 
okee County, Kansas, in 1885, at the age of 
42 years. She left one son, Fred D., a train 
dispatcher who, with his two boys, Ernst and 
John, reside in Houston, Texas. Mr. Hohns- 
been married again, his second wife being Mrs. 
Zella Thompson, a widow lady with seven chil- 
dren. She died two years later. The third 
manage of Mr. Hohnsbeen occurred July 12, 
1894, on which date he was united to Mrs. 
Jane A. Carter, the lady who now presides 
over his home. She was born in England in 
1843, anc ^ came to the United States when five 
years of age, with her parents. Her father, 
William Moore, came to Cherokee County, 
Kansas, in 1867, living, the first summer, with 
the subject of this sketch in the original log 
house. By her first husband, Mrs. Hohnsbeen 
had two boys, who lost their lives as the result 
of overexertion in fighting a prairie fire. She 
now owns 156 acres of fine farm land near 
Hallowell, left by Mr. Carter. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hohnsbeen, being old settlers, 
are very generally known throughout Cherokee 
County, and are most highly regarded by all. 

AMUEL C. HOWARD, an extensive 
farmer of Sheridan township, is a 
native of Douglas County, Illinois, 
and a son of Rev. Wesley and Martha 
Ann (Lowe) Howard, the former a native of 
Ohio and the latter of Indiana. 

Rev. Wesley Howard went to Douglas 

County, Illinois, when a young man, was mar- 
ried there, and continued to live in that countv 
until 1866. In that year the Howard family, 
in company with several other families, trav- 
eled by wagon to Cherokee County, Kansas, 
and located in Sheridan township, in sections 
35 and 36, township 31, range 21. The cara- 
van of 16 wagons was only five weeks making 
the journey, all arriving at their destination 
without serious accident. Rev. Mr. Howard 
first purchased 160 acres of wild land, the only 
building on it being the usual log house of the 
pioneer. Later, he added to this farm 80 acres 
of land in Labette County, and at the time of 
his death, in September, 1879, owned 240 acres 
of good farm land. His wife died June 22, 
1904. For many years he was a Methodist 
minister, first preaching in Illinois, and later 
becoming well known as a minister of that de- 
nomination in Cherokee County. Always in- 
terested in the best welfare of the community, 
his influence was toward the right. In politics 
he was a Republican, always voting the straight 
ticket. His family consisted of nine children, 
as follows: William A., pastor of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church at Weir City, formerly 
pastor of the charge at Mound City, Kansas; 
Samuel C, subject of this review; Clarence 
W., a farmer of Sheridan township; Mary Eve- 
line, wife of C. R. Mumaw, residing in South 
McAlester, Indian Territory; Henry Allen, de- 
ceased at the age of 23 years; Laura J., de- 
ceased, who was the wife of James Howard ; 
Hattie E., wife of Christopher Johnson, of 
Carterville, Missouri ; Francis Wilson, living 
at Hot Springs, Arkansas; and Robert B., a 
painter and paperhanger of Krebs, Indian Ter- 

Samuel C. Howard was educated in the 
home schools, and grew to maturity on the 
homestead in Sheridan township, where he re- 
mained, taking care of the father and mother, 
until death claimed the father, when he took 



full charge of the farm. Here he still resides 
and manages the work of the farm, bringing 
to his assistance the experience acquired by long 
residence on the place. The land produces all 
of the small grains, besides quantities of hay. 
Along with his general farming, Mr. Howard 
raises a great deal of stock. 

In politics our subject votes the Republican 
ticket, always standing for the principles of his 
party, and religiously he is a consistent member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. How- 
ard has never married but devoted his whole 
life to his parents, showing a degree of filial 
love seldom equaled. He is well known in the 
county and held in the highest esteem by all. 

ENRY HANNON, a successful farmer 
(i f Cherokee County, whose fine home, 
with its beautiful surroundings and 
well cultivated farm, is located in 
the northwest quarter of section 14, Crawford 
township, was born in the Province of Ontario, 
Canada, near the city of Hamilton, November 
3, 1 83 1, and is a son of Andrew and Sarah 
(Hildreth) Hannon. 

The paternal grandparents of the subject 
of this sketch were born in Germany, the grand- 
lather being a sea-going man in young man- 
hood. He married Mary Valentine, and they 
moved to Canada prior to 1820, after the birth 
of Andrew Hannon, Henry's father. The 
mother was born in the State of New York, but 
was married in Canada, where she died in 1895, 
aged 75 years ; the father died in 1893, at nearly 
the same age. They had 1 1 children, and the 
survivors are located in widely separated parts 
of the country. Mr. Hannon has one brother. 
Daniel, in the State of Washington, and an- 
other. Joseph, in Detroit, Michigan. Another, 
Adam, when last heard from, was in Northern 

Henry Hannon was reared in Canada, and 

during his boyhood had rather meager educa- 
tional opportunities. This lack he has remedied 
by later study and reading. Until the winter 
of 1864-65 he remained in Canada, and then 
removed with his family to Cass County, Mich- 
igan, where he engaged in farming and con- 
ducted a sawmill and lumber concern until 
1880. In the spring of 1882 he went to South 
Dakota, took up government land, and made 
a farm in Day County. 

Mr. Hannon first came to Cherokee County, 
Kansas, in 1870, on a prospecting trip, and 
made two other trips before leaving South Da- 
kota and locating here, in 1890. Mr. Hannon's 
finely improved farm has all been made by 
himself. He set out the shade and orchard 
trees, and with infinite care and great industry 
has developed one of the most attractive and 
valuable homes in the locality. 

In Canada, in 1 851, Mr. Hannon married 
Nancy D. Hannon, who was born there April 
6, 1830. They have had eight children, name- 
ly : Eliza, who married D. F. McAuliffe, re- 
sides in Crawford township, and has two chil- 
dren, — Henry, aged 22 years, now in Califor- 
nia ; and Nannie, aged 1 7 years, who is at 
home; Philander, residing in Day County. 
South Dakota, who is a farmer and thresher, 
and has a wife and six children ; Samuel James, 
now of Salt Lake, Utah, who owns 400 acres in 
Crawford township, and 200 acres in Chero- 
kee township, and has a family ; Mahala, 
who married R. O. Johnson, a successful 
farmer of Day County, South Dakota, and 
has six children: Minnie N., who mar- 
ried E. N. Knight, resides at Butler, South 
Dakota, and has a farm near Pierpont; Rachel, 
who married A. S. McCall, of Cripple Creek, 
Colorado, and died in 1888, leaving three chil- 
dren, — Mabel G.. Rolla E. and Franklin E., of 
whom the last named makes his home with his 
grandfather; Mrs. Angeline Crosby, who died 
in Michigan ; and one who died in infancv. 



In politics, Mr. Harmon is a Republican; he 
has taken an active part in politics, and has 
served as township treasurer. He is a well 
known citizen, and is held in universal esteem. 

SON was born in Cooper County, 
Missouri, January 24, 1846. His 
father was a native of Kentucky. 
His mother, who was born in St. Charles, Mis- 
souri, was the daughter of Elisha Goodrich, a 
teacher, of Hartford, Connecticut. Her mother, 
whose maiden name was Greene, was a native 
of Virginia. 

In his boyhood years he was under the tui- 
tion of excellent New England teachers ; and 
through them, in addition to the training which 
a cultured mother gave, he gained a fairly good 
education, before the coming on of the Civil 
War, in 1861. When the schools were closed, 
on account of the war, he was put to an appren- 
ticeship in a printing office; but the condition 
of the country becoming more unsettled, he 
left the printing office, without the knowl- 
edge of his parents, went to Peoria, Illinois, 
and enlisted in the 28th Regiment, Illinois Vol. 
Inf. After the war, he entered school again, 
teaching and going to school, alternately, for 
several years. He taught four years in the 
Southwest Baptist College, Bolivar, Missouri, 
and while there he was secretary of the faculty. 
He holds the degrees of A. B. and A. M. from 
this school. He came to Columbus in October, 
1888, and bought a half interest in the Star- 
Courier, the leading Democratic paper in Chero- 
kee County, and he continued as its editor until 
January, 1895. He was a delegate from Kan- 
sas, in the Democratic National Convention at 
Chicago, in 1892. In March, 1894, he was 
appointed postmaster at Columbus. Kansas, by 
President Cleveland, and he held the office 

from April 1, 1894, to July 1, 1898, since which 
time he has practiced law and dealt in real 

In 1868, Mr. Allison was married to Nannie 
Morton, a cultured, well educated woman. She 
died in 1879, leaving him two daughters, — ■ 
Olive, now Mrs. Emmett Rea, of Vinita, Indian 
Territory; and Hortense, yet at home. In 
June, 1882, he was married to Mrs. Nannette 
Martien Cook, of Clinton, Missouri, one of the 
leading teachers of the State. By this mar- 
riage two step-sons were taken into his family ; 
Homer Martien Cook, now pastor of the South- 
side Baptist Church, Chicago, Illinois ; and 
Joseph Norman Cook, a commercial traveler, 
now living in that city. Mr. and Mrs. Allison 
live in Columbus, where they have a quiet, com- 
fortable home. 

EORGE J. KNIGHTON, one of the 
prosperous business men of Weir 
City, who carries on a large general 
grocery business, was born in Cam- 
bridgeshire, England, in 1870. and is a son of 
George Knighton. 

The subject of this sketch came to America 
with his father in 1886. He is one of a family 
of seven children, all of whom live in the United 
States, viz. : Lizzie, wife of Frank Baker, located 
near Weir City; George J. ; H. T. ; Mary, wife 
of James Hope, living near Weir City; Sarah, 
wife of Archie Brown, a resident of the same 
vicinity ; William ; and Ernest. 

On coming to America, George J. Knighton 
and his father settled near Scranton, Pennsyl- 
vania, where they worked in the coal mines, and 
later in the mines at Midway, near Pittsburg, 
Kansas. In 1891 they came to Weir City, 
where they worked in the mines, and where 
the father is still employed. From 1891 to 
1897, the subject of this sketch was engaged 



in the mines and in other occupations. In the 
latter year he started an oil wagon, and fol- 
ic .wed that business for about three years, visit- 
ing customers at Weir City, Scammon and 
throughout the county. In 1900 he bought 
two lots on West Main street, Weir City, on 
which he erected his present commodious store 
building, and then went into the general gro- 
cery business. Mr. Knighton has met with the 
success his energy and industry deserve, and he 
is held in the highest esteem by his fellow citi- 
zens. He has always taken an interest in the 
general advancement of Weir City's interests, 
having served one year on the city's School 
Board, and five years on the board of District 
No. 59. 

In politics, Mr. Knighton is independent. 
Fraternally, he belongs to Encampment No. 
60, I. O. O. F., at Weir City. He is one of the 
active, earnest, working members of the Meth- 
odist Church in the city. 


REDERICK HILLER. a worthy and 
respected farmer of Ross township, 
of German descent, was born Sep- 
tember 2, 1853, in Wurtemberg, Ger- 
He is at present residing on a farm in 
section 25, township 32, range 23. Mr. Hiller 
owns considerable property in different parts 
of the county, and has of late years become in- 
terested in the coal industry, Mine No. 5 hav- 
ing been sunk on his home farm. He is what 
might be termed a self-made man, having ac- 
cumulated the property now in his possession 
by his own efforts. 

Frederick Hiller was his father, and Marie 
( (iarbroeck) his mother, and both were natives 
of the same place in the "Fatherland." They 
grew up together and were married there, and 
until 1863 were engaged in farming in their 
native country. In that year they embarked 
with their family for America, and after a four- 

weeks voyage landed at the port of New York. 
From this gateway to the New World they pro- 
ceeded to Butler County, Ohio, and thence, 
after a short period, to Livingston County, 
Illinois. On February 7, 1872, they arrived 
after an overland trip, in Ross township, Chero- 
kee County, Kansas, where they purchased 160 
acres of wild land in section 24, township 32, 
range 23. They erected an 18 by 24-foot house, 
and further improved the place. About 1893 
Mr. Hiller sold out and thereafter lived with 
his children. The mother died in March, 1892. 
at the age of 66 years, — the father surviving 
until March 4, 1903. They were consistent 
and worthy members of the Evangelical 
Church. The father was a man of sturdy 
character, industrious and of a quiet disposi- 
tion. His political affiliations were with the 
Democratic party. A family of eight children 
were born to these parents, as follows : Fred- 
erick; John and George, of Crawford County, 
Kansas ; an infant boy deceased ; Kate, who 
married Fred Budde, and resides in Weir City, 
Kansas; Mary, deceased, who was the wife of 
J. E. Best, a farmer of Ross township; Emma, 
now Mrs. George Bergma